Appeasement and the Road to War to 1939

Open Access Article

  • Jackson, P. (2015) A Tran-Atlantic Condominium of Democratic power: the grand design for a post-war order in French policy at the Paris Peace Conference. Journal of Military and Strategic Studies, 16(2), pp. 179-207. Available here:


Related Book 

Jackson, P. France and the Nazi Menace: Intelligence and Policy Making 1933-1939: Intelligence and Policy Making, 1933-39 (Oxford, 2000) - France and the Nazi Menace examines the French response to the challenge posed by National Socialist Germany in the years 1933-1939. It focuses on the relationship between the intelligence on German intentions and capabilities and the evolution of French national policy from the rise of Hitler in 1933 to the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939. Based on extensive archival research, it considers the nature of the intelligence process and the place of intelligence within the French policy making establishment during the inter-war period. The central argument in the book is that the German threat was far from the only challenge facing French national leaders in an era of economic depression and profound ideological discord. Only after the national humiliation at the Munich Conference did the threat from Nazi Germany take precedence over France's internal problems in the making of policy.