Licensing and Copyright

Before publication publishers usually ask authors to sign and return a licence agreement, sometimes called an author publishing agreement.

If the University agrees to pay the open access fee, authors must choose a licence of type  'CC-BY'.  Other licence types such as CC-BY-NC or other extensions are generally unacceptable to funders if we are using their funds to pay for open access.

The copyright usually belongs to the creator unless they sign it away via a copyright transfer agreement. 

If authors are asked to provide a copyright line for the article the format is:

Copyright symbol, year, author name, standard copyright statement

For example:

© 2019  Initial. Surname. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

If there is more than 1 author add 'et. al.' after the surname.

Authors who have included a rights retention statement with their submission in order to comply with the Research Publications and Copyright Policy will need to read any licence agreements carefully to ensure that it is compatible with any open access wishes or requirements. If you receive any objection or unusual feedback from the publisher contact

Need advice on completing an author publishing agreement? Contact the Enlighten team at

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