Professor Martin Kretschmer

  • Professor of Intellectual Property Law and Director of CREATe Centre (School of Law)

telephone: 0141 330 3886
email: Martin.Kretschmer@glasgow.ac.uk

Biography

Martin Kretschmer (Vordip FU Berlin, LLM LSE, PhD UCL) joined the University of Glasgow in 2012 as Professor of Intellectual Property Law in the School of Law and Director of CREATe (www.create.ac.uk), the RCUK Centre for Copyright and New Business Models in the Creative Economy. CREATe is an interdisciplinary research hub funded jointly by three UK research councils (Arts & Humanities AHRC, Engineering & Physical Sciences EPSRC, and Social & Economic Sciences ESRC). From 2000-2012, Martin was Director of the Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management (CIPPM) at Bournemouth University (www.cippm.org.uk). From 1996-1999, he was an ESRC postdoctoral research fellow at Cass Business School, City University, London (ESRC Media Economics and Media Culture programme). During the 1990s, he was German Consultant Editor at BBC Worldwide, and wrote for German language national newspapers, public radio and TV.

Martin has written numerous independent policy reports (including for UK Intellectual Property Office IPO, UK Cabinet Office, European Parliament).In 2010-2011, Martin was seconded to the IPO (at the time of the Hargreaves Review) working on a project on copyright levies. In 2015/16, Martin served as President of EPIP, the European Policy for Intellectual Property Association. In 2018, he is Fernand Braudel Senior Fellow at the European University Institute in Fiesole/Florence. 


CREATe webpage:  
http://www.create.ac.uk/

SSRN author page:
http://ssrn.com/author=1042378

Google Scholar:
https://scholar.google.co.uk/citations?user=sbcJOSoAAAAJ&hl=en

 

Research interests

Martin is best known for developing innovative empirical methods relating to issues in copyright law and cultural economics, and as an advisor on copyright policy. He also has a long standing interest in the history of ideas relating to these field. He is chair of the editorial boards of www.copyrightevidence.org and www.copyrightuser.org (UK #1 copyright portal). He is also general editor (with L. Bently) of www.copyrighthistory.org (global #1 copyright history archive).

Selected publications

Grants

Professor Martin Kretschmer has been awarded the following grants:

2017
Funding body: AHRC
Title: Unlocking co-creative possibilities: CREATe follow-on engagement with UK creative economy stakeholders to improve copyright practice and policy
Reference: AH/P013341/1
Applicants: M. Kretschmer (PI), R. Deazley, K. Erickson, S. Singh (named researchers B. Meletti, K. Patterson)
Dates: February 2017-September 2018
Amount awarded: £161,000 (£200K fEC, plus £30K UoG ESRC/EPSRC Impact Acceleration Account)

Project summary:

1. Co-creation in the production chain: animations and guidance
Extending animation techniques (piloted in the award winning film The Adventure of the Girl with the Light Blue Hair - http://copyrightuser.org/the-game-is-on/), copyright opportunities and risks relating to co-creation will be presented as they arise in the production process. British Film Institute (BFI), lottery funded partner IntoFilm, UK Intellectual Property Office and Authors Licensing and Collecting Society (ALCS) are collaborating partners.

2. Co-creation from cultural heritage: events and guidance
This activity seeks to improve understanding how copyright norms shape digital access to cultural heritage. Using the exemplar of Sherlock Holmes, two screening events will explore the creative reuse of the Sherlock character at the BFI Southbank in London and in Glasgow’s new KelvinHall hub. National Library of Scotland, British Film Institute (BFI) and Chartered Institute of Library and Information Professionals (CILIP) are collaborating partners.

3. Co-creation in policy deliberation: peer production of evidence
This activity will address neglected and under-represented stakeholder groups in the copyright policy making process, in particular micro-sized innovative firms and individual creators engaged in co-creation. In consultation with a Wikimedian-in-residence, we will provide new data-mining tools and open functionality via the MediaWiki software in order to facilitate a series of ‘virtual town hall meetings’ for these groups. Wikimedia Foundation, N-Square Consultants and UK IPO are collaborating partners.

4. UK Research and Innovation Network
CREATe will develop as a national catalyst, connecting expertise in law, social science and technology with stakeholders through a new national Research and Innovation Network for the Creative Economy. Scottish Games Industry network at Dundee, KTN Ltd (Creative Industries) and Digital Catapult are collaborating partners.

2015
Funding body: Digital Catapult
Title: CopyrightUser.org
CREATe researcher in residence at Digital Catapult
Applicants: M. Kretschmer (PI), B. Meletti (named researcher)
Dates: September 2015-August 2016
Amount awarded: £25,000

Project summary:

Placement support for the lead producer of CREATe portal CopyrightUser.org; Production of new content, engagement with Copyright Hub, engagement with user groups (publishing, music, film, games, archives sector).

2014
Funding body: AHRC
Title: Creative Economy Showcase
Reference: [n/a]
Applicants: M. Kretschmer (PI), Philip Schlesinger, Kris Erickson, Ronan Deazley
Dates: Exhibition London, King's Place, March 2014
Amount awarded: £10,000

2013
Funding body: ESRC (match funded by Intellectual Property Office)
Title: The Value of Public Domain Works
Reference: ES/K008137/1
Applicants: M. Kretschmer (PI), K. Erickson, F. Homberg, D. Mendis
Dates: September 2013-January 2015
Amount awarded: 42,900 ESRC (80% fEC) + £52,000 IPO

Project summary:

The creative process within media firms is often characterised as a binary choice between licensing existing intellectual property or creating new intellectual property owned by the business. However, a third possibility exists, which is that creators draw upon material in the public domain, such as stories and ideas that are not protected by copyright. In the 2011 Review of Intellectual Property for the UK government, Ian Hargreaves suggested that "unduly rigid application of copyright law" may "block innovation" and "hamper growth". The greater availability of creative material may indeed provide greater opportunities for the UK media sector and particularly SMEs. While this claim is theoretically plausible, there have been few empirical studies of value creation from a public domain perspective. It is the aim of this project to create a foundation for assessing the economic and social value that use of materials at the margins of copyright law brings to the UK economy. The site of the project will be transmedia SMEs.

2013
Funding body: EPSRC
Title: Building Better Business Models: Capturing the Transformative Potential of the Digital Economy
Reference: EP/K039695/1
Applicants: C. Baden-Fuller (PI, CASS City University), Stefan Haefliger (Co-I, CASS City University, M. Kretschmer (Co-I), Mary Morgan (Co-I, LSE) Paul Nightingale (Co-I, SPRU Sussex), in collaboration with an international research team from leading business schools and social science departments located at Wharton, Grenoble, ETH Zurich
Dates: July 2013-June 2016
Amount awarded: £1m Consortium (fEC), of which £77,000 to University of Glasgow

Project summary:

Sustainable advantage does not come from new technologies alone, but from better business models that are co-evolved and integrated with those technologies. We still do not properly understand which business models are best designed or adapted for any chosen technology, and what are the optimal timing and methods for integrating business model thinking into the technological trajectory, or whether (and how best) established business models might need to be fine-tuned – or even completely renewed – to align with new technologies as they emerge. The empirical work involves undertaking sector studies to examine the co-evolution of technology and business models across important economic sectors (such as software, digital entertainment, pharmaceuticals and satellites). We will document more than 50 cases of successful (and less successful) business model design and execution.

2013
Funding body: AHRC (match funded by University of Glasgow)
Title: CREATe Digital Platform Project
Reference: [n/a]
Applicants: M. Kretschmer (PI)
Dates: October 2013-September 2016
Amount awarded: £85,000 AHRC

2012
Funding body: AHRC/EPSRC/ESRC
Title: CREATe: RCUK Centre for Copyright & New Business Models in the Creative Economy
Reference: AH/K000179/1
Commitment: Director/PI
Dates: October 2012-2016
Amount awarded: £5million (fEC)

Project summary:

CREATe is a pioneering academic initiative designed to help the UK cultural and creative industries thrive and become innovation leaders within the global digital economy. An ambitious programme of 40 projects is delivered by an interdisciplinary team of academics (law, economics, management, computer science, sociology, psychology, ethnography and critical studies). CREATe will examine the business, regulatory and cultural infrastructure of the cultural and creative industries by exploring cutting-edge questions around digitisation, copyright, and innovation in the arts and technology. CREATe is based at the University of Glasgow, leading a consortium of 7 Universities: the University of East Anglia, the University of Edinburgh, Goldsmiths (University of London), the University of Nottingham, the University of St. Andrews and the University of Strathclyde.

The Centre will be supported by £5m of funding over four years (2012-2016) from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC), Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) and Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). The research agenda has been developed in collaboration with the Intellectual Property Office, NESTA and Technology Strategy Board. The research programme links seven interrelated themes: (i)Good, Bad and Emergent Business Models; (ii) Openness and Open Business Models; (iii)Regulation and Enforcement; (iv) Creative Practice and the Creative Environment; (v) Intermediaries and Platforms; (vi) User Creation, User Behaviour and Community Norms; and, (vii) Human Rights and the Public Interest.

2010
Funding body: Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC)
Applicant: M. Kretschmer
Title: Comparative study of copyright levies (ESRC Fellow at UK Intellectual Property Office)
Reference: RES-173-27-0220
Commitment: PI, Placement Fellow (50%)
Dates: academic year 2010/11
Amount awarded: £43,018
Outcome: Report to IPO ‘Private Copying and Fair Compensation’ (cited in Hargreaves Review of IP & Growth May 2011; government’s response to Hargreaves August 2011, and IPO impact assessment December 2011); programme of knowledge transfer with IPO; presentations to policy makers at Brussels (Bruegel), Geneva (WIPO), Washington DC (SERCI).
 
Project summary:

A levy system providing ‘compensation’ for authors, publishers, performers and producers for the private copying of copyright materials was first created with the German copyright law of 1965 (UrhG). Levies on copying devices and copying media are now prevalent throughout the EU (with the exception of the UK, Ireland, Malta, Cyprus and Luxembourg), in North America (Canada, and to a limited extent the United States) and in Japan. In the EU alone, collection exceeds 500 million Euro per year. Despite their wide adoption, rationale and economic consequences of levy systems are little understood. It is unclear what incentives, if any, levies are supposed to provide, and who are the empirical beneficiaries. It remains unresolved if a levy should be simply analysed as a (regressive) tax, or if there can be efficiencies that are similar to the transaction cost rationale of blanket licences. There may also be dynamic effects, from increased access to copyright materials for follow-on innovation. In addition, a number of non-economic arguments are frequently made, focussing on the reward of creators.
The placement fellowship in the Intellectual Property Office examined (i) the economics of different types of pricing (e.g. percentage of revenue, percentage of retail price, per user fee), (ii) issues arising from tax points (e.g. copying media, equipment, traffic), (iii) issues arising from distribution schemes (e.g. between various categories of legal rights, between authors and publishers, between major and minor earners, effects of earning thresholds) and (iv) crossborder trade effects of levy schemes. 

2009
Funding body: UK Strategic Advisory Board for IP Policy (SABIP)
Applicants: M. Kretschmer, E. Derclaye (Nottingham), R. Watt (Canterbury, NZ)
Title: The Relationship between Copyright and Contract Law
Commitment: consortium coordinator (PI), editor final report
Dates: August 2009-March 2010
Amount awarded: £10,222

Project summary:

Contracts lie at the heart of the regulatory system governing the creation and dissemination of cultural products in two respects: (1) The exclusive rights provided by copyright law only turn into financial reward, and thus incentives to creators, through a contract with a third party to exploit protected material. (2) From a user perspective purchases of protected material may take the form of a licensing contract, governing behaviour after the initial transaction. Thus, a review of the relationship between copyright and contract law has to address both supply- and demand-side issues. On the supply side, policy concerns include whether copyright law delivers the often stated aim of securing the financial independence of creators. Particularly acute are the complaints by both creators and producers that they fail to benefit from the exponential increase in the availability of copyright materials on the Internet. On the demand side, the issue of copyright exceptions and their policy justification has become central to a number of reviews and consultations dealing with digital content. Are exceptions based on user needs or market failure? Do exceptions require financial compensation? Can exceptions be contracted out by licence agreements? This report (i) reviews economic theory of contracts, value chains and transaction costs, (ii) identifies a comprehensive range of regulatory options relating to creator and user contracts, using an international comparative approach, (iii) surveys the empirical evidence on the effects of regulatory intervention, and (iv) where no evidence is available, extrapolates predicted effects from theory.

Funding body: Design & Artists Copyright Society (DACS)
Applicants: M. Kretschmer, L. Bently (Cambridge)
Title: Publishing contracts of artists and visual creators
Commitment: joint project director (PI), 2 research assistants (E. Cooper; S. Singh)
Dates: October 2009-December 2010
Amount awarded: £23,000

Project summary:
Following the model of the influential ALCS project on literary authors (see below), contractual trends and earnings of artists and visual creators are captured, using a survey methodology.
 
2008
Funding body: Economic & Social Research Council (ESRC)
Applicants: M. Kretschmer, J. Wardle (BU Media School), S. Singh (BU Business School)
Title: The Exploitation of Television Formats in Emerging Markets: Intellectual property and non-law based strategies
Reference: RES-186-27-0012
Commitment: project director (PI), 1 business fellow
Dates: October 2008-July 2009
Amount awarded: £32,000 (16K ESRC, 16K in kind FremantleMedia)
Outcome: (i) Digital resource http://televisionformats.bournemouth.ac.uk; (ii) dissemination seminar hosted by FremantleMedia, London on 16 June 2009 (oversubscribed with more than forty delegates  from TV production companies, government officials, city lawyers, and academics – various media reports); (iii) conference paper at ISHTIP Milan (26-27 June 2009)

Project summary:

Television formats (such as Big Brother, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, Pop Idol or Strictly Come Dancing) have become a major export industry for Britain and the United States (who together account for nearly two thirds of all format hours broadcast annually worldwide). Yet, there is no such thing as a television format right under copyright law. Any producer is free to develop game, reality and talent shows that are based on similar ideas. This has created a paradox for programme developers and programme buyers: Why pay for a programme format if you can re-create it for free?  This Business Placement project researched the use of legal (e.g. trade marks, know-how licences) and non-legal strategies (e.g. reputation networks, regional offices, branding) in the exploitation of television formats, in particular in relation to the major emerging markets (such as Eastern Europe, India and China). In close cooperation with the industry, the project has included (1) an interview based study at major international media fairs (MIPCOM and NATPE); (2) a case study of the exploitation of three successful television formats developed by FremantleMedia, one of the major UK independent television producers, and co-sponsor of the project. 

2005
Funding body: Arts & Humanities Research Council (AHRC)
Applicants: Prof. Lionel Bently (Cambridge) and M. Kretschmer
Title: Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900)
(Electronic Database of Historical Materials on Copyright from Five Key Jurisdictions)
Reference: RE / PID number: 127573 / AID Number: 112383
Commitment: joint project director (Co-I), 5 research fellows (Dr Oren Bracha; Dr R. Deazley, Dr F. Kawohl, Dr J. Kostylo, Dr F. Rideau), sub-editor (L. Sundqvist), consultants  (Prof. M. Thaller, K. Hoehne; Universität Köln)
Dates: October 2005-July 2008 (final report October 2008)
Amount awarded: £292,000
Outcome: (i) Digital archive www.copyrighthistory.org; (ii) launch conference at Stationers’ Hall, London with 80 scholars from Australia, Austria, Germany, France, Holland, India, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Nigeria, Spain, Sweden, the UK and the US (19/20 March 2008); (iii) edited volume with papers from the conference (Privilege and Property: Essays on the History of Copyright, Cambridge: Open Book Publishers, 2010)

Project summary:

Information norms (and in particular the laws of intellectual property) are constitutive of modern societies. An understanding of the sources of these norms is critical to understanding the scope and direction of current laws. The key historical materials on copyright derive from Italy (Venice),  France, the UK, Germany and the United States. The project creates a free electronic archive of primary sources from the invention of the printing press (ca1450) to the Berne Convention (1886): in facsimile and transcription, translated and key word searchable. Editorial headnotes provide context.

Funding body: Authors’ Licensing and Collecting Society (ALCS)

Applicants: M. Kretschmer, P. Hardwick (Professor of Economics, Bournemouth)
Title: ‘Authors’ earnings from copyright and non-copyright sources: A comparative survey of 25,000 British and German writers’
Commitment: project director (PI), 2 research fellows (Dr M. Guirguis, Dr F. Kawohl)
Dates: November 2005-July 2007
Amount awarded: £58,000
Project summary:

There are few studies on authors’ earnings. In particular, there are no systematic studies assessing the effects of the legal framework of copyright and contract law on authors’ income and professional decisions. The available data seem to indicate that (i) only a small percentage of authors reach ordinary living standards from copyright income; that (ii) earnings from non-copyright activities are an important source of income for many authors. It was the aim of the project

- to provide a transparent and reliable survey of authors’ earnings from copyright and non-copyright sources in Germany and the UK

- to provide a systematic comparison of the legal and institutional differences affecting authors’ earnings in Germany and the UK.

(a) Survey

  • Conduct a limited number of in depth interviews to generate working profiles of authors according to professional groups
  • Devise and pilot questionnaire
  • Perform survey by mailshot inserted into ALCS/VG Wort communication
  • Compute and analyse returns statistically
  • Triangulate results with ALCS/VG Wort distribution data

(b) Legal and institutional framework

  • Drawing on existing comparative studies and a collection of template publishing contracts, construct a taxonomy of the legal and institutional framework in Germany and UK. The aim is to capture the prevalent characteristics of copyright contracts and remuneration from secondary use for groups of authors (such as literary authors, journalist and academics, and also sub-groups such as novelists, playwrights, screen writers and translators)
  • Formulate hypotheses of links between the legal and institutional framework and authors’ earnings 

Funding Body: European Commission
Applicant: Queen Mary Intellectual Property Research Institute
Title: EU PHARE twinning project with Latvia, ‘Protection of Intellectual Property Rights for Investment’:
Commitment: Leading activities 2, 3, 5: ‘Assessing the current and potential contribution of the creative, innovative and branded goods industries to the Latvian economy’
Dates: April - May 2005
Amount awarded: £8,500 (as sub-contract)

Outcome: author final report (with R. Deazley), June 2005; Latvia: Protection of Intellectual Property Rights for Investment (EU PHARE project), final report WG1 (needs analysis, case studies, findings, recommendations): pp. 1-25
Case Study 1: High Technology
Latvian Institute of Organic Synthesis (IOS)
Case Study 2: Industrial Design
Furniture Design
Case Study 3: Creative Industries
Microphone Records, Micrec Publishing 

2003
Funding body: Arts Council
Applicant: M. Kretschmer
Title: ‘Digital copyright and microdistribution in music and media arts’
Commitment: project director (PI), 1 research assistant (Dr F. Kawohl)
Dates: September 2003 - January 2004
Amount awarded: £5,000 

Supervision

Research students under supervision

PhD projects are linked to the work of the CREATe Centre. They typically include an empirical component, and are often co-supervised with another academic School, Department or external Research Organisation. 

Megan Blakely - 'Culture, Heritage, and Intellectual Property: Successes and Sacrifices in Leveraging Gaelic Cultural Nationalism for Economic Development' (since 2016 Megan has been a Lecturer in Law at Lancaster University: http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/law/people/megan-blakely)

Janet Burgess – ‘Copyright and amateur music making’

Sheona Burrow - 'Assessing the IP Small Claims Track Post'

Jaakko Miettinen (CREATe bursary)– ‘Behavioural economics of creator motivation’
(jointly with Dept. of Economics, Adam Smith Business School, University of Glasgow)

Victoria Stobo - 'Archives, Digitisation & Copyright' (jointly with Digital humanities, Dept. of Information Studies; from 2018 Lecturer in Archive Studies, Liverpool University)

Amy Thomas (CMS bursary) – ‘Who is a Copyright User? A sociological perspective’

Andrea Wallace - (CREATe bursary) – ‘Claiming Surrogate IP Rights: When Cultural Institutions Repossess the Public Domain’ (jointly with National Library of Scotland; since 2017 Andrea has been a Lecturer in Law at Exeter University)

Recent PhD completions include:

Kenneth Barr (2017) - Music copyright in the digital age: creators, commerce and copyright- an empirical study of the UK music copyright industries. (Lord Kelvin Adam Smith bursary, jointly with Dept. of Music; since 2017 Kenny is a postdoctoral research at the Centre for Cultural Policy Research, University of Glasgow)

Sheona Burrow (2017) – ‘Access to Justice in the Small Claims Track of the Intellectual Property Enterprise Court (IPEC): An Empirical Enquiry into Use by Creative SMEs’ (CREATe bursary; since 2017, Sheona is in-house solicitor at a London firm and CREATe postdoctoral fellow)

Additional information

External Responsibilities
  • Advisory committees: UK Intellectual Property Office (IPO) Research Advisory Group (2014–); AHRC China Centre for Digital Copyright and IP (2015–17); Digital Catapult Advisory Group (2013–16); UK IPO Copyright Expert Advisory Group CREAG (2010–14), UK-SCL Steering Group (open access initiative 2017–)
  • Scientific boards: Member of European Copyright Society (2015–);  Managing board, Internet Policy Review (2014–); Board member, European Policy for Intellectual Property (2014–); Executive board, International Society for the History & Theory of Intellectual Property (ISHTIP) (2008–)

All publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1993
Number of items: 127.

2017

Höppner, T., Kretschmer, M. and Xalabarder, R. (2017) CREATe public lectures on the proposed EU right for press publishers. European Intellectual Property Review, 39(10), pp. 607-622.

Bently, L., Kretschmer, M., Dudenbostel, T., Calatrava Moreno, M. d. C. and Radauer, A. (2017) Strengthening the Position of Press Publishers and Authors and Performers in the Copyright Directive. Project Report. European Parliament, Brussels.

2016

Kretschmer, M., Dusollier, S., Geiger, C. and Hugenholtz, P. B. (2016) The European Commission’s public consultation on the role of publishers in the copyright value chain: a response by the European Copyright Society. European Intellectual Property Review, 38(10), pp. 591-595.

Favale, M., Kretschmer, M. and Torremans, P. (2016) Is there a EU copyright jurisprudence: an empirical study of the workings of the European Court of Justice. Modern Law Review, 79(1), pp. 31-75. (doi:10.1111/1468-2230.12166)

2015

Erickson, K., Heald, P., Homberg, F., Kretschmer, M. and Mendis, D. (2015) Copyright and the Value of the Public Domain: An Empirical Assessment. Project Report. UK Intellectual Property Office, Newport.

Kretschmer, M. (2015) Copyright and its discontents. In: Jones, C., Lorenzen, M. and Sapsed, J. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Creative Industries. Oxford University Press: Oxford. ISBN 9780199603510 (doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199603510.013.016)

Heald, P., Erickson, K. and Kretschmer, M. (2015) The valuation of unprotected works: a case study of public domain photographs on Wikipedia. Harvard Journal of Law and Technology, 29(1), pp. 1-32.

2014

Erickson, K., Kretschmer, M., Mavridou, O. and White, G. (2014) Behaviours and outcomes in unauthorised fan-made video game production. In: 9th Annual Conference of the European Policy for Intellectual Property (EPIP) Association, Brussels, Belgium, 4-5 Sep 2014,

Erickson, K., Varini, A., Kretschmer, M. and Hassani, H. (2014) The reasons for copyright takedown on YouTube, and what they tell us about copyright exceptions. In: EUROCPR Conference, Brussels, 24-25 Mar 2014,

Erickson, K. and Kretschmer, M. (2014) Research Perspectives on the Public Domain: Digital Conference Proceedings. In: Research Perspectives on the Public Domain, Glasgow, UK, 11 Oct 2013, pp. 1-58.

Kretschmer, M., Deazley, R., Edwards, L., Erickson, K., Schafer, B. and Zizzo, D. J. (2014) The European Commission's public consultation on the review of EU copyright rules: a response by the CREATe Centre. European Intellectual Property Review, 36(9), pp. 547-553.

2013

Atladottir, K., Kretschmer, M. and Towse, R. (2013) Artists, authors’ rights and copyright. In: Handke, C. and Towse, R. (eds.) Handbook of the Digital Creative Economy. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, pp. 274-283.

Erickson, K., Kretschmer, M. and Mendis, D. (2013) Copyright and the Economic Effects of Parody: An Empirical Study of Music Videos on the YouTube Platform, and an Assessment of Regulatory Options. Project Report. UK Intellectual Property Office, Newport, UK.

Favale, M., Homberg, F., Kretschmer, M. and Mendis, D. (2013) Copyright and the Regulation of Orphan Works: A Comparative Review of Seven Jurisdictions, and a Rights Clearance Simulation. Project Report. Intellectual Property Office, Newport, UK.

Homberg, M., Favale, M., Kretschmer, M., Mendis, D. and Secchi, D. (2013) Investigating orphan works. In: Towse, R. and Handke, C. (eds.) Handbook of the Digital Creative Economy. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, pp. 299-306. ISBN 9781781004869

Kretschmer, M., Bently, L. and Deazley, R. (2013) The history of copyright history (revisited). WIPO Journal, 5(1), pp. 35-45.

Mendis, D. and Kretschmer, M. (2013) The Treatment of Parodies Under Copyright Law in Seven Jurisdictions: A Comparative Review of the Underlying Principles. Project Report. Intellectual Property Office, Newport, UK.

2012

Kretschmer, M. (2012) Copyright term reversion and the 'use-it-or-lose-it' principle. International Journal of Music Business Research, 1(1), pp. 44-53.

Favale, M. and Kretschmer, M. (2012) An Analysis of the Public Consultation on Open Standards: Open Opportunities. Technical Report. Cabinet Office, London, UK.

Singh, S. and Kretschmer, M. (2012) Strategic behaviour in the international exploitation of TV formats - a case study of the Idols format. In: Zwaan, K. and de Bruin, J. (eds.) Adapting Idols: Authenticity, Identity and Performance in a Global Television Format. Series: Ashgate popular and folk music series. Ashgate: Farnham, UK. ISBN 9781409441694

Singh, S. and Kretschmer, M. (2012) Strategic behaviour in the international exploitation of TV formats: a case study of the Idols format. In: Zwaan, K. and De Bruin, J. (eds.) Adapting Idols: Authenticity, Identity and Performance in a Global Television Format. Series: Ashgate popular and folk music series. Ashgate: Farnham, Surrey, pp. 11-25. ISBN 9781409441694

Weston, S. and Kretschmer, M. (2012) Open Standards in Government IT: A Review of the Evidence. Technical Report. Cabinet Office, London, UK.

2011

Kretschmer, M. (2011) Private Copying and Fair Compensation: An empirical study of copyright levies in Europe. Project Report. Intellectual Property Office, Newport.

Kretschmer, M., Singh, S., Bently, L. and Cooper, E. (2011) Copyright Contracts and Earnings of Visual Creators: A Survey of 5,800 British Designers, Fine Artists, Illustrators and Photographers. Project Report. CIPPM (Centre for Intellectual Property Policy and Management), Bournemouth.

2010

Kretschmer, M., Derclaye, E., Favale, M. and Watt, R. (2010) The Relationship Between Copyright and Contract Law. Project Report. Strategic Advisory Board for Intellectual Property Policy, London, UK.

Deazley, R., Kretschmer, M. and Bently, L. (Eds.) (2010) Privilege and Property: Essays on the History of Copyright Law. Open Book Publishing: Cambridge. ISBN 9781906924188

Kretschmer, M. (2010) Regulating creator contracts: the state of the art and a research agenda. Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice, 18(1), pp. 141-174.

Kretschmer, M., Bently, L. and Deazley, R. (2010) The History of Copyright History: Notes From an Emerging Discipline. In: Deazley, R., Kretschmer, M. and Bently, L. (eds.) Privilege and Property: Essays on the History of Copyright. Open Book Publishers: Cambridge, pp. 1-20. ISBN 9781906924188

2009

Kretschmer, M. and Pratt, A.C. (Eds.) (2009) Copyright and the Production of Music, special issue of 'Information, Communication and Society'. Taylor and Francis.

Kawohl, F. and Kretschmer, M. (2009) Johann Gottlieb Fichte, and the trap of inhalt (content) and form: an information perspective on music copyright. Information, Communication and Society, 12(2), pp. 205-228. (doi:10.1080/13691180802459955)

Kretschmer, M. (2009) Powers to disconnect internet users should not be lightly delegated. Financial Times, 2 Dec,

Kretschmer, M. and Pratt, A.C. (2009) Legal form and cultural symbol: music, copyright and information studies. Information, Communication and Society, 12(2), pp. 165-177. (doi:10.1080/13691180802459930)

Kretschmer, M. and Singh, S. (2009) The paradox of TV formats. Why pay for something that is free? In: 1st Annual Workshop of International Society for the History and Theory of Intellectual Property, Milan, Italy, 26-27 Jun 2009,

Kretschmer, M., Singh, S. and Wardle, J. (2009) Exploitation of Television Formats. Project Report. Bournemouth University, Poole, UK.

2008

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Copyright extension will be the enemy of innovation. Times, 22 Jul, p. 25.

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Copyright extension will benefit few. Financial Times, 18 Feb, p. 10.

Bently, L. and Kretschmer, M. (Eds.) (2008) Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900). Arts and Humanities Research Council.

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Collecting societies. In: Cane, P. and Conaghan, J. (eds.) The New Oxford Companion to Law. Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 9780199290543

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Copyright and authors. In: Creative Industries and Intellectual Property, DIME Framework 6 Conference, London, U.K., 22-23 May 2008,

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Creativity stifled? A joint academic statement on the proposed copyright term extension for sound recordings. European Intellectual Property Review, 30(9), pp. 341-374.

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Dürer's 'copyrights': the economics of renaissance woodcuts and copper engravings. In: SERCIAC 2008: Society for Economic Research on Copyright Issues Annual Congress, Geneva, Switzerland, 11-12 Jul 2008,

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Inspiration, innovation, or infringement? Multidisciplinary perspectives on piracy and copyright. In: Inspiration, Innovation, or Infringement: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Piracy and Copyright Conference, Cambridge, U.K., 1 Jul 2008,

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Legal and economic aspects of flat rates for online materials. In: Sino-German Conference on IP Enforcement, Max-Planck-Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law, Munich, Germany, 15-17 Oct 2008,

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Regulation of intellectual property for cultural diversity. In: QMIPRI (Round Table), London Centre for Arts and Cultural Enterprise, London, UK, 2 May 2008,

Kretschmer, M. (2008) The earnings of creators. In: KAU08: Kreative Arbeit und Urheberrecht Conference, Dortmund, Germany, 26-28 Sep 2008,

2007

Kretschmer, M. and Kawohl, F. (2007) Das fundament des urheberrechts wankt. Neue Zürcher Zeitung,

Dean, A. and Kretschmer, M. (2007) Can ideas be capital? Factors of production in the post-industrial economy: a review and critique. Academy of Management Review, 32(2), pp. 573-594. (doi:10.5465/AMR.2007.24351866)

Kretschmer, M. (2007) The last word on Gowers. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2007) British interactive broadcasting: negotiating a gateway into the digital future; the value of the design approach. In: Baden-Fuller, C. (ed.) The Value of Design and Strategic Alliances in Newly Emerging Products, Firms and Markets: Seven Cases. Design Council: London, UK.

Kretschmer, M. (2007) Economic policy forum on creative industries. In: SPD Forum Kulturwirtschaft, Berlin, Germany, 17 Sep 2007,

Kretschmer, M. (2007) Eigentümer und diebe, epigonen und originelle: urheberrechtliche und ästhetische normen für die Nutzung von vorgefundenem musikalischen material. Archiv für Urheber und Medienrecht, 2, pp. 363-402.

Kretschmer, M. (2007) Empirical evidence on musicians? Careers and earnings: the role of copyright. In: IMC 2nd Word Forum on Music, Beijing, China, 11-14 Oct 2007,

Kretschmer, M. (2007) Equitable remuneration rights. In: Music Industry Round Table, Kristiansund, Norway, 21 Jun 2007,

Kretschmer, M. (2007) The trouble with music research in the digital environment. In: Queen Mary Herchel Smith Seminar Series, London, UK, 19 Nov 2007,

Kretschmer, M. and Hardwick, P. (2007) Authors' Earnings from Copyright and Non-Copyright Sources : a Survey of 25,000 British and German Writers. Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management: Poole, UK. ISBN 9781858992440

Kretschmer, M. and Hardwick, P. (2007) Copyright earnings and risk: an empirical study of authors? Earnings in Germany and the UK. In: SERCIAC 2007: Society for Economic Research on Copyright Issues Annual Congress, Berlin, Germany, 12-13 Jul 2007,

Kretschmer, M. and Harwick, P. (2007) What are Words Worth? Counting the Cost of a Writing Career in the 21st Century: A Survey of 25,000 Writers? Project Report. ALCS, London, UK.

2006

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Is copy control dead? Impressions on a volt-face in digital rights management. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Flash mobbing: Martin Kretschmer explores where infringement adds value. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) The term question: copyright for sound recordings is a patent right for industrial cultural production. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Copyright and contract: Martin Kretschmer is puzzled by an unholy alliance. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) The private sphere: Martin Kretschmer considers the EC Levy consultation. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Copyright and contracts: a brief introduction. Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues, 3(1), pp. 75-81.

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Regulating technology through copyright. Is "sui generis" a good idea? Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Gnostic Judas: when will the gospels run out of copyright? Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Policy mania: what else is there to review? Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Setting the value: what is correct royalty tariff for download music? Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) A wider net? The proposed WIPO broadcasting treaty: what do you do with rights you don't need? Copyright World,

Kawohl, F. and Kretschmer, M. (2006) Von tondichtern und DJs? Urheberrecht zwischen melodieneigentum und musikpraxis. In: Hofmann, J. (ed.) Wissen und Eigentum: Geschichte, Recht und Ökonomie Stoffloser Güter. Series: Schriftenreihe (552). Bundeszentrale für Politische Bildung: Bonn, Germany, pp. 189-220. ISBN 9783893316823

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Artists earnings and copyright: a review of british and german music industry data in the context of digital technologies. In: Macmillan, F. (ed.) New Directions in Copyright Law. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, UK, pp. 61-78. ISBN 9781845422615

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Authors, earnings and copyright contracts. In: The Impact of the Internet on the Mass Media: The Impact of Internet on the Mass Media in Europe: COST A20 International Conference, Delphi, Greece, 26-29 Apr 2006,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Empirical evidence on copyright earnings. In: Intellectual Property Rights for Business and Society (EU 6th Framework DIME Network), London, UK, 14-15 Sep 2006,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Improving the creator's lot: six regulatory options. In: MusicTank Copyright Conference: Beyond The Soundbytes, London, UK, 15 Nov 2006,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) A map of intellectual property. In: Propertization: An Interdisciplinary Research Programme, Leipzig, Germany, 26 Jan 2006,

2005

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Trends in global copyright. Global Media and Communication, 1(2), pp. 231-237. (doi:10.1177/1742766505054645)

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Artists' earnings and copyright: a review of British and German music industry data in the context of digital technologies. First Monday, 10(1),

Blakeney, M., Kretschmer, M., Hardwick, P. and Rangnekar, D. (2005) Geographical Indications and Intellectual Property: A Legal and Economic Analysis. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, UK. ISBN 9781843769507

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Access and reward in the information society: regulating the collective management of copyright. In: SERCI (Society For Economic Research on Copyright Issues) Conference, Montreal, Canada, 6-8 Jul 2005,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Collecting societies and competition law. In: 6th National IP Workshop, Cambridge, UK, 27 Jun 2005,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Intellectual property, investment and innovation. In: Latvian Ministry of Economics, Riga, Latvia, May 2005,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Securing your intellectual property in collaborative environments. In: Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London, UK, 4 Mar 2005,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Value in the cultural industries. In: Jahrestagung Kulturwirtschaft, Berlin, Germany, 1 Dec 2005,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) The proposed extension of the term for sound recordings. In: MusicTank Copyright Conference: Copyright Review: Getting The Right Balance, London, UK, 10 Nov 2005,

2004

Kretschmer, M. (2004) Alternative copyright payment systems. In: WOS3 Digital Commons: Wizards of OS. The Future of the Digital Commons, Berlin, Germany, 10-12 Jun 2004,

Kretschmer, M. (2004) The future of collecting societies. In: Copyright in Europe, Foundation for Information Policy Research, Cambridge, UK, 9-10 Oct 2004,

Kretschmer, M. and Kawohl, F. (2004) The history & philosophy of copyright. In: Firth, S. and Marshall, L. (eds.) Music and Copyright. Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh, UK, pp. 21-53. ISBN 9780748618125

Wei, L. and Kretschmer, M. (2004) Ambush marketing: a study of strategies and legal responses. International Sports Law Review, 5(3), pp. 456-468.

2003

Kawohl, F. and Kretschmer, M. (2003) Abstraction and registration: conceptual innovations and supply effects in Prussian and British copyright (1820-50). Intellectual Property Quarterly, 2, pp. 209-228.

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Copying the digital millennium copyright act: European struggles with information control. In: Poltermann, A. (ed.) The Future of the Global Commons in the Knowledge Society: In Search of a Sustainable Intellectual Property Policy. Dokumentationen der Heinrich-Boll Stiftung: Berlin, Germany.

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Digital copyright: the end of an era. European Intellectual Property Review, 25(8), pp. 333-341.

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Fair pay - fair play. In: Copyright Licensing Agency (CLA) & Society of Authors and Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA), London, UK, Sep 2003,

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Piracy in the licensing economy. In: Workshop on Intellectual Property License and Piracy, Berlin, Germany, 4 Jun 2003, pp. 1-2.

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Piracy revisited. In: SSRC Intellectual Property, Markets, and Cultural Flows, New York, NY, USA, 25-28 Oct 2003,

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Software as text and machine: the legal capture of digital innovation. Journal of Information Law and Technology, 1,

Kretschmer, M. (2003) The economics of geographical indications. In: Queen Mary and Fordham University Joint Seminar Series, London, UK, Nov 2003,

Kretschmer, M. and Gehring, R. (2003) Software-patente in vergangenheit, gegenwart und zukunft. FIfF-Kommunikation, 4, pp. 26-31.

Soetendorp, R. and Kretschmer, M. (2003) Current developments - Europe: European community. Intellectual Property Forum, 53, pp. 75-76.

2002

Kawohl, F. and Kretschmer, M. (2002) Linking copyright protection to commercial exploitation: some evidence from Prussian and England (1820-50). In: Association for Cultural Economics International (ACEI ) 12th International Conference on Cultural Economics, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 13-15 Jun 2002,

Kretschmer, M. (2002) Copyright societies do not administer individual property rights: the incoherence of institutional traditions in Germany and the UK. In: Towse, R. (ed.) Copyright in the Cultural Industries. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, UK, pp. 140-164. ISBN 9781840646610

Kretschmer, M. (2002) Key note speech. In: Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung, Berlin, Germany, Nov 2002,

Kretschmer, M. (2002) The failure of property rules in collective administration: rethinking copyright societies as regulatory instruments. European Intellectual Property Review, 24(3), pp. 126-137.

2001

Kretschmer, M., Klimis, G.M. and Wallace, R. (2001) Music in electronic markets: an empirical study. New Media and Society, 3(4), pp. 417-441. (doi:10.1177/14614440122226164)

Kretschmer, M. (2001) Feudalism, retreat or revolution? In: Bournemouth University CIPPM Symposium 2001: A New Feudalism of Ideas?, Poole, UK, 26 Jun 2001,

Kretschmer, M. (2001) In defence of piracy: music copyright and creativity in the digital environment. Micazine,

Kretschmer, M. (2001) Musik & copyright systeme. In: SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne, Germany, Mar 2001,

Kretschmer, M. (2001) Review of: Harold L. Vogel, Entertainment Industry Economics. Entertainment Law, 1, pp. 113-115. [Book Review]

Kretschmer, M. (2001) Where the private become public: the commercial logic of file-sharing. In: IASPM Intellectual Property Working Group, Worcester, UK, 20 Apr 2001,

Kretschmer, M., Baden-Fuller, C. and Klimis, G.M. (2001) Leasing ideas: pay-per-use in the music industry: a model for appropriating returns in knowledge intensive industries? In: 17th EGOS Colloquium: The Odyssey of Organizing, Lyon, France, 5-7 Jul 2001,

Kretschmer, M., Klimis, G.M. and Wallis, R. (2001) The global music industry in the digital environment: a study of strategic intent and policy responses (1996-99). In: Janssen, S. (ed.) Trends and Strategies in the Arts and Cultural Industries. Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn: Rotterdam, The Netherlands. ISBN 9789056130619

Kretschmer, M. and Soetendorp, R. (2001) The strategic use of business method patents: a pilot study of out of court settlements. Journal of E-Business, 2(1), pp. 9-38.

2000

Kretschmer, M. (2000) Datenpakete im netz der paragraphen. Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 4(8),

Kretschmer, M. (2000) Intellectual property in music: a historical analysis of rhetoric and institutional practices, studies in cultures, organizations and societies. Studies in Cultures, Organizations and Societies, 6(2), pp. 197-223. (doi:10.1080/10245280008523547)

Kretschmer, M., Baden-Fuller, C., Klimis, G.M. and Wallis, R. (2000) Enforcement and appropriation of music intellectual property rights in global markets. In: Aharoni, Y. and Nachum, L. (eds.) Globalization of Services; Some Implications for Theory and Practice. Series: Routledge studies in international business and the world economy (19). Routledge: London, UK, pp. 163-196. ISBN 9780415226547

Kretschmer, M., Klimis, G.M. and Wallis, R. (2000) The effects of internet technologies on the music industry: strategic and scenario analyses (1996-9). In: British Academy of Management Annual Conference (BAM2000), Edinburgh, UK, 13-15 Sep 2000,

Kretschmer, M. and Wallis, R. (2000) Business models and regulation in the electronic distribution of music. In: Stanford-Smith, B. and Kidd, P.T. (eds.) E- Business: Key Issues, Applications and Technologies. IOS Press: Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 197-204. ISBN 9781586030896

Soetendorp, R. and Kretschmer, M. (2000) Competition and the music industry. Intellectual Property Forum,

Soetendorp, R. and Kretschmer, M. (2000) EMI, Time Warner & European competition policy. Intellectual Property Forum, 43, pp. 56-59.

1999

Kretschmer, M., Klimis, G.M. and Choi, C.J. (1999) Increasing returns and social contagion in cultural industries. British Journal of Management, 10(S1), pp. 61-72. (doi:10.1111/1467-8551.10.s1.6)

Kretschmer, M., Klimis, G.M. and Wallis, R. (1999) The changing location of intellectual property rights in music: a study of music publishers collecting societies and media conglomerates. Prometheus, 17(2), pp. 163-186.

Kretschmer, M. and McNamara, P. (1999) Strategic alliances in the information sector. In: 2nd International Workshop on Organization of the Future in the Information Society; Managing Change, Human Resources and Structure, Cádiz, Spain, 25-28 May 1999,

Wallis, R., Baden-Fuller, C., Kretschmer, M. and Klimis, G.M. (1999) Contested collective administration of intellectual property rights in music: the challenge to the principles of reciprocity and solidarity. European Journal of Communication, 14(1), pp. 5-35.

Wallis, R., Kretschmer, M. and Klimis, G.M. (1999) Globalisation, Technology & the Music Industry: Current Trends and Implications for Creativity and (e)Business in the Digital Environment. Project Report. City University Business School, London, UK.

1998

Kretschmer, M. (1998) Game theory brief: Boeing vs. Airbus. Strategy and Business, 2, pp. 4-6.

Kretschmer, M. (1998) Trust and corruption: escalating social practices? In: 14th EGOS Colloqium, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 9-11 Jul 1998,

Wallis, R., Kretschmer, M., Holtham, C. and Skinner, C. (1998) Credibility capital: the new logic of electronic markets. In: First International Conference on Telecommunications and Electronic Commerce (ICTEC), Nashville, TN, USA, 19-22 Nov 1998, pp. 94-103.

1997

Kretschmer, M. (1997) Die Mythen des Urhebers: geistiges eigentum in der musik eine historische ubersicht und kritik. Dissonanz, 57, pp. 4-13.

1993

Kretschmer, M. (1993) Review of: A Progress of Sentiments: Reflections on Hume's Treatise, by Annette C. Baier; Hume's Theory of Moral Judgment, by Walter Brand. Mind, 102(406), pp. 340-348. (doi:10.1093/mind/102.406.340) [Book Review]

This list was generated on Sat Dec 9 17:42:28 2017 GMT.
Number of items: 127.

Articles

Höppner, T., Kretschmer, M. and Xalabarder, R. (2017) CREATe public lectures on the proposed EU right for press publishers. European Intellectual Property Review, 39(10), pp. 607-622.

Kretschmer, M., Dusollier, S., Geiger, C. and Hugenholtz, P. B. (2016) The European Commission’s public consultation on the role of publishers in the copyright value chain: a response by the European Copyright Society. European Intellectual Property Review, 38(10), pp. 591-595.

Favale, M., Kretschmer, M. and Torremans, P. (2016) Is there a EU copyright jurisprudence: an empirical study of the workings of the European Court of Justice. Modern Law Review, 79(1), pp. 31-75. (doi:10.1111/1468-2230.12166)

Heald, P., Erickson, K. and Kretschmer, M. (2015) The valuation of unprotected works: a case study of public domain photographs on Wikipedia. Harvard Journal of Law and Technology, 29(1), pp. 1-32.

Kretschmer, M., Deazley, R., Edwards, L., Erickson, K., Schafer, B. and Zizzo, D. J. (2014) The European Commission's public consultation on the review of EU copyright rules: a response by the CREATe Centre. European Intellectual Property Review, 36(9), pp. 547-553.

Kretschmer, M., Bently, L. and Deazley, R. (2013) The history of copyright history (revisited). WIPO Journal, 5(1), pp. 35-45.

Kretschmer, M. (2012) Copyright term reversion and the 'use-it-or-lose-it' principle. International Journal of Music Business Research, 1(1), pp. 44-53.

Kretschmer, M. (2010) Regulating creator contracts: the state of the art and a research agenda. Journal of Intellectual Property Law and Practice, 18(1), pp. 141-174.

Kawohl, F. and Kretschmer, M. (2009) Johann Gottlieb Fichte, and the trap of inhalt (content) and form: an information perspective on music copyright. Information, Communication and Society, 12(2), pp. 205-228. (doi:10.1080/13691180802459955)

Kretschmer, M. (2009) Powers to disconnect internet users should not be lightly delegated. Financial Times, 2 Dec,

Kretschmer, M. and Pratt, A.C. (2009) Legal form and cultural symbol: music, copyright and information studies. Information, Communication and Society, 12(2), pp. 165-177. (doi:10.1080/13691180802459930)

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Copyright extension will be the enemy of innovation. Times, 22 Jul, p. 25.

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Copyright extension will benefit few. Financial Times, 18 Feb, p. 10.

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Creativity stifled? A joint academic statement on the proposed copyright term extension for sound recordings. European Intellectual Property Review, 30(9), pp. 341-374.

Kretschmer, M. and Kawohl, F. (2007) Das fundament des urheberrechts wankt. Neue Zürcher Zeitung,

Dean, A. and Kretschmer, M. (2007) Can ideas be capital? Factors of production in the post-industrial economy: a review and critique. Academy of Management Review, 32(2), pp. 573-594. (doi:10.5465/AMR.2007.24351866)

Kretschmer, M. (2007) The last word on Gowers. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2007) Eigentümer und diebe, epigonen und originelle: urheberrechtliche und ästhetische normen für die Nutzung von vorgefundenem musikalischen material. Archiv für Urheber und Medienrecht, 2, pp. 363-402.

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Is copy control dead? Impressions on a volt-face in digital rights management. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Flash mobbing: Martin Kretschmer explores where infringement adds value. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) The term question: copyright for sound recordings is a patent right for industrial cultural production. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Copyright and contract: Martin Kretschmer is puzzled by an unholy alliance. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) The private sphere: Martin Kretschmer considers the EC Levy consultation. Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Copyright and contracts: a brief introduction. Review of Economic Research on Copyright Issues, 3(1), pp. 75-81.

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Regulating technology through copyright. Is "sui generis" a good idea? Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Gnostic Judas: when will the gospels run out of copyright? Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Policy mania: what else is there to review? Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Setting the value: what is correct royalty tariff for download music? Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) A wider net? The proposed WIPO broadcasting treaty: what do you do with rights you don't need? Copyright World,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Trends in global copyright. Global Media and Communication, 1(2), pp. 231-237. (doi:10.1177/1742766505054645)

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Artists' earnings and copyright: a review of British and German music industry data in the context of digital technologies. First Monday, 10(1),

Wei, L. and Kretschmer, M. (2004) Ambush marketing: a study of strategies and legal responses. International Sports Law Review, 5(3), pp. 456-468.

Kawohl, F. and Kretschmer, M. (2003) Abstraction and registration: conceptual innovations and supply effects in Prussian and British copyright (1820-50). Intellectual Property Quarterly, 2, pp. 209-228.

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Digital copyright: the end of an era. European Intellectual Property Review, 25(8), pp. 333-341.

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Software as text and machine: the legal capture of digital innovation. Journal of Information Law and Technology, 1,

Kretschmer, M. and Gehring, R. (2003) Software-patente in vergangenheit, gegenwart und zukunft. FIfF-Kommunikation, 4, pp. 26-31.

Soetendorp, R. and Kretschmer, M. (2003) Current developments - Europe: European community. Intellectual Property Forum, 53, pp. 75-76.

Kretschmer, M. (2002) The failure of property rules in collective administration: rethinking copyright societies as regulatory instruments. European Intellectual Property Review, 24(3), pp. 126-137.

Kretschmer, M., Klimis, G.M. and Wallace, R. (2001) Music in electronic markets: an empirical study. New Media and Society, 3(4), pp. 417-441. (doi:10.1177/14614440122226164)

Kretschmer, M. (2001) In defence of piracy: music copyright and creativity in the digital environment. Micazine,

Kretschmer, M. and Soetendorp, R. (2001) The strategic use of business method patents: a pilot study of out of court settlements. Journal of E-Business, 2(1), pp. 9-38.

Kretschmer, M. (2000) Datenpakete im netz der paragraphen. Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 4(8),

Kretschmer, M. (2000) Intellectual property in music: a historical analysis of rhetoric and institutional practices, studies in cultures, organizations and societies. Studies in Cultures, Organizations and Societies, 6(2), pp. 197-223. (doi:10.1080/10245280008523547)

Soetendorp, R. and Kretschmer, M. (2000) Competition and the music industry. Intellectual Property Forum,

Soetendorp, R. and Kretschmer, M. (2000) EMI, Time Warner & European competition policy. Intellectual Property Forum, 43, pp. 56-59.

Kretschmer, M., Klimis, G.M. and Choi, C.J. (1999) Increasing returns and social contagion in cultural industries. British Journal of Management, 10(S1), pp. 61-72. (doi:10.1111/1467-8551.10.s1.6)

Kretschmer, M., Klimis, G.M. and Wallis, R. (1999) The changing location of intellectual property rights in music: a study of music publishers collecting societies and media conglomerates. Prometheus, 17(2), pp. 163-186.

Wallis, R., Baden-Fuller, C., Kretschmer, M. and Klimis, G.M. (1999) Contested collective administration of intellectual property rights in music: the challenge to the principles of reciprocity and solidarity. European Journal of Communication, 14(1), pp. 5-35.

Kretschmer, M. (1998) Game theory brief: Boeing vs. Airbus. Strategy and Business, 2, pp. 4-6.

Kretschmer, M. (1997) Die Mythen des Urhebers: geistiges eigentum in der musik eine historische ubersicht und kritik. Dissonanz, 57, pp. 4-13.

Books

Kretschmer, M. and Hardwick, P. (2007) Authors' Earnings from Copyright and Non-Copyright Sources : a Survey of 25,000 British and German Writers. Centre for Intellectual Property Policy & Management: Poole, UK. ISBN 9781858992440

Blakeney, M., Kretschmer, M., Hardwick, P. and Rangnekar, D. (2005) Geographical Indications and Intellectual Property: A Legal and Economic Analysis. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, UK. ISBN 9781843769507

Book Sections

Kretschmer, M. (2015) Copyright and its discontents. In: Jones, C., Lorenzen, M. and Sapsed, J. (eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Creative Industries. Oxford University Press: Oxford. ISBN 9780199603510 (doi:10.1093/oxfordhb/9780199603510.013.016)

Atladottir, K., Kretschmer, M. and Towse, R. (2013) Artists, authors’ rights and copyright. In: Handke, C. and Towse, R. (eds.) Handbook of the Digital Creative Economy. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, pp. 274-283.

Homberg, M., Favale, M., Kretschmer, M., Mendis, D. and Secchi, D. (2013) Investigating orphan works. In: Towse, R. and Handke, C. (eds.) Handbook of the Digital Creative Economy. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, pp. 299-306. ISBN 9781781004869

Singh, S. and Kretschmer, M. (2012) Strategic behaviour in the international exploitation of TV formats - a case study of the Idols format. In: Zwaan, K. and de Bruin, J. (eds.) Adapting Idols: Authenticity, Identity and Performance in a Global Television Format. Series: Ashgate popular and folk music series. Ashgate: Farnham, UK. ISBN 9781409441694

Singh, S. and Kretschmer, M. (2012) Strategic behaviour in the international exploitation of TV formats: a case study of the Idols format. In: Zwaan, K. and De Bruin, J. (eds.) Adapting Idols: Authenticity, Identity and Performance in a Global Television Format. Series: Ashgate popular and folk music series. Ashgate: Farnham, Surrey, pp. 11-25. ISBN 9781409441694

Kretschmer, M., Bently, L. and Deazley, R. (2010) The History of Copyright History: Notes From an Emerging Discipline. In: Deazley, R., Kretschmer, M. and Bently, L. (eds.) Privilege and Property: Essays on the History of Copyright. Open Book Publishers: Cambridge, pp. 1-20. ISBN 9781906924188

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Collecting societies. In: Cane, P. and Conaghan, J. (eds.) The New Oxford Companion to Law. Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 9780199290543

Kretschmer, M. (2007) British interactive broadcasting: negotiating a gateway into the digital future; the value of the design approach. In: Baden-Fuller, C. (ed.) The Value of Design and Strategic Alliances in Newly Emerging Products, Firms and Markets: Seven Cases. Design Council: London, UK.

Kawohl, F. and Kretschmer, M. (2006) Von tondichtern und DJs? Urheberrecht zwischen melodieneigentum und musikpraxis. In: Hofmann, J. (ed.) Wissen und Eigentum: Geschichte, Recht und Ökonomie Stoffloser Güter. Series: Schriftenreihe (552). Bundeszentrale für Politische Bildung: Bonn, Germany, pp. 189-220. ISBN 9783893316823

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Artists earnings and copyright: a review of british and german music industry data in the context of digital technologies. In: Macmillan, F. (ed.) New Directions in Copyright Law. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, UK, pp. 61-78. ISBN 9781845422615

Kretschmer, M. and Kawohl, F. (2004) The history & philosophy of copyright. In: Firth, S. and Marshall, L. (eds.) Music and Copyright. Edinburgh University Press: Edinburgh, UK, pp. 21-53. ISBN 9780748618125

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Copying the digital millennium copyright act: European struggles with information control. In: Poltermann, A. (ed.) The Future of the Global Commons in the Knowledge Society: In Search of a Sustainable Intellectual Property Policy. Dokumentationen der Heinrich-Boll Stiftung: Berlin, Germany.

Kretschmer, M. (2002) Copyright societies do not administer individual property rights: the incoherence of institutional traditions in Germany and the UK. In: Towse, R. (ed.) Copyright in the Cultural Industries. Edward Elgar: Cheltenham, UK, pp. 140-164. ISBN 9781840646610

Kretschmer, M., Klimis, G.M. and Wallis, R. (2001) The global music industry in the digital environment: a study of strategic intent and policy responses (1996-99). In: Janssen, S. (ed.) Trends and Strategies in the Arts and Cultural Industries. Barjesteh van Waalwijk van Doorn: Rotterdam, The Netherlands. ISBN 9789056130619

Kretschmer, M., Baden-Fuller, C., Klimis, G.M. and Wallis, R. (2000) Enforcement and appropriation of music intellectual property rights in global markets. In: Aharoni, Y. and Nachum, L. (eds.) Globalization of Services; Some Implications for Theory and Practice. Series: Routledge studies in international business and the world economy (19). Routledge: London, UK, pp. 163-196. ISBN 9780415226547

Kretschmer, M. and Wallis, R. (2000) Business models and regulation in the electronic distribution of music. In: Stanford-Smith, B. and Kidd, P.T. (eds.) E- Business: Key Issues, Applications and Technologies. IOS Press: Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 197-204. ISBN 9781586030896

Book Reviews

Kretschmer, M. (2001) Review of: Harold L. Vogel, Entertainment Industry Economics. Entertainment Law, 1, pp. 113-115. [Book Review]

Kretschmer, M. (1993) Review of: A Progress of Sentiments: Reflections on Hume's Treatise, by Annette C. Baier; Hume's Theory of Moral Judgment, by Walter Brand. Mind, 102(406), pp. 340-348. (doi:10.1093/mind/102.406.340) [Book Review]

Edited Books

Deazley, R., Kretschmer, M. and Bently, L. (Eds.) (2010) Privilege and Property: Essays on the History of Copyright Law. Open Book Publishing: Cambridge. ISBN 9781906924188

Kretschmer, M. and Pratt, A.C. (Eds.) (2009) Copyright and the Production of Music, special issue of 'Information, Communication and Society'. Taylor and Francis.

Bently, L. and Kretschmer, M. (Eds.) (2008) Primary Sources on Copyright (1450-1900). Arts and Humanities Research Council.

Research Reports or Papers

Bently, L., Kretschmer, M., Dudenbostel, T., Calatrava Moreno, M. d. C. and Radauer, A. (2017) Strengthening the Position of Press Publishers and Authors and Performers in the Copyright Directive. Project Report. European Parliament, Brussels.

Erickson, K., Heald, P., Homberg, F., Kretschmer, M. and Mendis, D. (2015) Copyright and the Value of the Public Domain: An Empirical Assessment. Project Report. UK Intellectual Property Office, Newport.

Erickson, K., Kretschmer, M. and Mendis, D. (2013) Copyright and the Economic Effects of Parody: An Empirical Study of Music Videos on the YouTube Platform, and an Assessment of Regulatory Options. Project Report. UK Intellectual Property Office, Newport, UK.

Favale, M., Homberg, F., Kretschmer, M. and Mendis, D. (2013) Copyright and the Regulation of Orphan Works: A Comparative Review of Seven Jurisdictions, and a Rights Clearance Simulation. Project Report. Intellectual Property Office, Newport, UK.

Mendis, D. and Kretschmer, M. (2013) The Treatment of Parodies Under Copyright Law in Seven Jurisdictions: A Comparative Review of the Underlying Principles. Project Report. Intellectual Property Office, Newport, UK.

Favale, M. and Kretschmer, M. (2012) An Analysis of the Public Consultation on Open Standards: Open Opportunities. Technical Report. Cabinet Office, London, UK.

Weston, S. and Kretschmer, M. (2012) Open Standards in Government IT: A Review of the Evidence. Technical Report. Cabinet Office, London, UK.

Kretschmer, M. (2011) Private Copying and Fair Compensation: An empirical study of copyright levies in Europe. Project Report. Intellectual Property Office, Newport.

Kretschmer, M., Singh, S., Bently, L. and Cooper, E. (2011) Copyright Contracts and Earnings of Visual Creators: A Survey of 5,800 British Designers, Fine Artists, Illustrators and Photographers. Project Report. CIPPM (Centre for Intellectual Property Policy and Management), Bournemouth.

Kretschmer, M., Derclaye, E., Favale, M. and Watt, R. (2010) The Relationship Between Copyright and Contract Law. Project Report. Strategic Advisory Board for Intellectual Property Policy, London, UK.

Kretschmer, M., Singh, S. and Wardle, J. (2009) Exploitation of Television Formats. Project Report. Bournemouth University, Poole, UK.

Kretschmer, M. and Harwick, P. (2007) What are Words Worth? Counting the Cost of a Writing Career in the 21st Century: A Survey of 25,000 Writers? Project Report. ALCS, London, UK.

Wallis, R., Kretschmer, M. and Klimis, G.M. (1999) Globalisation, Technology & the Music Industry: Current Trends and Implications for Creativity and (e)Business in the Digital Environment. Project Report. City University Business School, London, UK.

Conference Proceedings

Erickson, K., Kretschmer, M., Mavridou, O. and White, G. (2014) Behaviours and outcomes in unauthorised fan-made video game production. In: 9th Annual Conference of the European Policy for Intellectual Property (EPIP) Association, Brussels, Belgium, 4-5 Sep 2014,

Erickson, K., Varini, A., Kretschmer, M. and Hassani, H. (2014) The reasons for copyright takedown on YouTube, and what they tell us about copyright exceptions. In: EUROCPR Conference, Brussels, 24-25 Mar 2014,

Erickson, K. and Kretschmer, M. (2014) Research Perspectives on the Public Domain: Digital Conference Proceedings. In: Research Perspectives on the Public Domain, Glasgow, UK, 11 Oct 2013, pp. 1-58.

Kretschmer, M. and Singh, S. (2009) The paradox of TV formats. Why pay for something that is free? In: 1st Annual Workshop of International Society for the History and Theory of Intellectual Property, Milan, Italy, 26-27 Jun 2009,

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Copyright and authors. In: Creative Industries and Intellectual Property, DIME Framework 6 Conference, London, U.K., 22-23 May 2008,

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Dürer's 'copyrights': the economics of renaissance woodcuts and copper engravings. In: SERCIAC 2008: Society for Economic Research on Copyright Issues Annual Congress, Geneva, Switzerland, 11-12 Jul 2008,

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Inspiration, innovation, or infringement? Multidisciplinary perspectives on piracy and copyright. In: Inspiration, Innovation, or Infringement: Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Piracy and Copyright Conference, Cambridge, U.K., 1 Jul 2008,

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Legal and economic aspects of flat rates for online materials. In: Sino-German Conference on IP Enforcement, Max-Planck-Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law, Munich, Germany, 15-17 Oct 2008,

Kretschmer, M. (2008) Regulation of intellectual property for cultural diversity. In: QMIPRI (Round Table), London Centre for Arts and Cultural Enterprise, London, UK, 2 May 2008,

Kretschmer, M. (2008) The earnings of creators. In: KAU08: Kreative Arbeit und Urheberrecht Conference, Dortmund, Germany, 26-28 Sep 2008,

Kretschmer, M. (2007) Economic policy forum on creative industries. In: SPD Forum Kulturwirtschaft, Berlin, Germany, 17 Sep 2007,

Kretschmer, M. (2007) Empirical evidence on musicians? Careers and earnings: the role of copyright. In: IMC 2nd Word Forum on Music, Beijing, China, 11-14 Oct 2007,

Kretschmer, M. (2007) Equitable remuneration rights. In: Music Industry Round Table, Kristiansund, Norway, 21 Jun 2007,

Kretschmer, M. (2007) The trouble with music research in the digital environment. In: Queen Mary Herchel Smith Seminar Series, London, UK, 19 Nov 2007,

Kretschmer, M. and Hardwick, P. (2007) Copyright earnings and risk: an empirical study of authors? Earnings in Germany and the UK. In: SERCIAC 2007: Society for Economic Research on Copyright Issues Annual Congress, Berlin, Germany, 12-13 Jul 2007,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Authors, earnings and copyright contracts. In: The Impact of the Internet on the Mass Media: The Impact of Internet on the Mass Media in Europe: COST A20 International Conference, Delphi, Greece, 26-29 Apr 2006,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Empirical evidence on copyright earnings. In: Intellectual Property Rights for Business and Society (EU 6th Framework DIME Network), London, UK, 14-15 Sep 2006,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) Improving the creator's lot: six regulatory options. In: MusicTank Copyright Conference: Beyond The Soundbytes, London, UK, 15 Nov 2006,

Kretschmer, M. (2006) A map of intellectual property. In: Propertization: An Interdisciplinary Research Programme, Leipzig, Germany, 26 Jan 2006,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Access and reward in the information society: regulating the collective management of copyright. In: SERCI (Society For Economic Research on Copyright Issues) Conference, Montreal, Canada, 6-8 Jul 2005,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Collecting societies and competition law. In: 6th National IP Workshop, Cambridge, UK, 27 Jun 2005,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Intellectual property, investment and innovation. In: Latvian Ministry of Economics, Riga, Latvia, May 2005,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Securing your intellectual property in collaborative environments. In: Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, London, UK, 4 Mar 2005,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) Value in the cultural industries. In: Jahrestagung Kulturwirtschaft, Berlin, Germany, 1 Dec 2005,

Kretschmer, M. (2005) The proposed extension of the term for sound recordings. In: MusicTank Copyright Conference: Copyright Review: Getting The Right Balance, London, UK, 10 Nov 2005,

Kretschmer, M. (2004) Alternative copyright payment systems. In: WOS3 Digital Commons: Wizards of OS. The Future of the Digital Commons, Berlin, Germany, 10-12 Jun 2004,

Kretschmer, M. (2004) The future of collecting societies. In: Copyright in Europe, Foundation for Information Policy Research, Cambridge, UK, 9-10 Oct 2004,

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Fair pay - fair play. In: Copyright Licensing Agency (CLA) & Society of Authors and Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA), London, UK, Sep 2003,

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Piracy in the licensing economy. In: Workshop on Intellectual Property License and Piracy, Berlin, Germany, 4 Jun 2003, pp. 1-2.

Kretschmer, M. (2003) Piracy revisited. In: SSRC Intellectual Property, Markets, and Cultural Flows, New York, NY, USA, 25-28 Oct 2003,

Kretschmer, M. (2003) The economics of geographical indications. In: Queen Mary and Fordham University Joint Seminar Series, London, UK, Nov 2003,

Kawohl, F. and Kretschmer, M. (2002) Linking copyright protection to commercial exploitation: some evidence from Prussian and England (1820-50). In: Association for Cultural Economics International (ACEI ) 12th International Conference on Cultural Economics, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 13-15 Jun 2002,

Kretschmer, M. (2002) Key note speech. In: Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung, Berlin, Germany, Nov 2002,

Kretschmer, M. (2001) Feudalism, retreat or revolution? In: Bournemouth University CIPPM Symposium 2001: A New Feudalism of Ideas?, Poole, UK, 26 Jun 2001,

Kretschmer, M. (2001) Musik & copyright systeme. In: SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne, Germany, Mar 2001,

Kretschmer, M. (2001) Where the private become public: the commercial logic of file-sharing. In: IASPM Intellectual Property Working Group, Worcester, UK, 20 Apr 2001,

Kretschmer, M., Baden-Fuller, C. and Klimis, G.M. (2001) Leasing ideas: pay-per-use in the music industry: a model for appropriating returns in knowledge intensive industries? In: 17th EGOS Colloquium: The Odyssey of Organizing, Lyon, France, 5-7 Jul 2001,

Kretschmer, M., Klimis, G.M. and Wallis, R. (2000) The effects of internet technologies on the music industry: strategic and scenario analyses (1996-9). In: British Academy of Management Annual Conference (BAM2000), Edinburgh, UK, 13-15 Sep 2000,

Kretschmer, M. and McNamara, P. (1999) Strategic alliances in the information sector. In: 2nd International Workshop on Organization of the Future in the Information Society; Managing Change, Human Resources and Structure, Cádiz, Spain, 25-28 May 1999,

Kretschmer, M. (1998) Trust and corruption: escalating social practices? In: 14th EGOS Colloqium, Maastricht, The Netherlands, 9-11 Jul 1998,

Wallis, R., Kretschmer, M., Holtham, C. and Skinner, C. (1998) Credibility capital: the new logic of electronic markets. In: First International Conference on Telecommunications and Electronic Commerce (ICTEC), Nashville, TN, USA, 19-22 Nov 1998, pp. 94-103.

This list was generated on Sat Dec 9 17:42:28 2017 GMT.