The Stirling Maxwell Spanish Paintings Project

In this strand of the project, the Spanish Paintings Project is studying the collection of around 130 Spanish paintings formed by Sir William Stirling Maxwell, which was the largest and most comprehensive collection of this school ever put together in Britain.

Much of his collection is now dispersed, but fortunately a substantial core remains at Pollok House in Glasgow and is owned and administered by Glasgow Museums with the assistance of the National Trust for Scotland.

Of the dispersed portion, some of the most important works are now in public and private collections worldwide, including:

  • The National Gallery, London
  • The Meadows Museum, Southern Methodist University, Dallas
  • Fundación Focus-Abengoa, Seville
  • The Nationalmuseum, Stockholm

The paintings mainly date from the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and were collected at a time when the art of Spain was still an unusual taste for British collectors. Uniquely, the collection also reflects Stirling’s scholarly interests in Spanish art, both as author of the Annals of the Artists of Spain (1848), and as collector of an outstanding library of books and treatises on Spanish art. Likewise, the paintings demonstrate Stirling’s fascination for artistic training and practice in Golden Age Spain, a field which chimes with many of the interests and approaches of researchers today.

Image of Bartolomé Esteban Murillo's Virgin and Child with Infant St. John, called ‘La Serrana’('The Highland Virgin'), c. 1647-50.  © CSG CIC Glasgow Museums Collection. A painting of Mary holding the infant Jesus in her lap with a child standing next to them, showing the baby a wooden cross and a bird in his other hand.

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Virgin and Child with Infant St. John, called ‘La Serrana’ (‘The Highland Virgin’), c. 1647-50. © CSG CIC Glasgow Museums Collection

The Stirling Maxwell Spanish Paintings Project seeks to research and contextualise these key distinguishing aspects of the collection, including:

  • the provenance of the paintings
  • their attributions and subjects 
  • the significance of the works for Stirling Maxwell as scholar and collector
  • how they have contributed to reception of Spanish art in this country

Scientific examination and analysis of key works in the Pollok House collection is planned as a significant aspect of the research, and will draw on the expertise of specialists in Technical Art History at the University of Glasgow. To date, a catalogue raisonné of this outstanding collection of Spanish paintings has never been produced and will be the principal output of this strand of the Project. In this way, the catalogue will reunite the collection and will enable its extent and significance to be widely recognised for the first time.

Project team and partners

The Stirling Maxwell Spanish Paintings Project is a collaboration between the University of Glasgow, Glasgow Museums and the National Trust for Scotland, with the support of the Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid.


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