Professor Nicole Busby

  • Professor in Human Rights, Equality and Justice (School of Law)

Biography

Nicole Busby was appointed as Professor of Human Rights, Equality and Justice in 2019. She was previously Professor of Labour law at the University of Strathclyde (2012-2019), prior to which she taught at Stirling University and Robert Gordon University.  

She is an expert in equality law. Her main areas of interest include sex discrimination, the reconciliation of paid work and unpaid care, the protection of social and economic rights and access to justice. She regularly works with civil society organisations, both in her academic research and beyond (see Additional Information below).

Nicole regularly provides guidance to policy-makers, including the Scottish Government, on Scotland's human rights and equality law framework. She is currently the Chair of the Academic Advisory Panel of the National Taskforce for Human Rights Leadership. She has served as a member of the First Minister’s Advisory Group on Human Rights Leadership (2018-2019) and as a member of the Scotland Committee of the Equality and human Rights Commission (2017-2020).  

She is the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Discrimination and the Law and co-chair (with Colm O’Cinneide, UCL) of the Equally Ours Research Network.

She is the author of two monographs: A Right to Care? Unpaid Work in European Employment Law (OUP, 2011) and ‘A History of Regulating Working Families’, with Grace James, (Hart, forthcoming 2020). Her current research includes a study of the impact of recent changes to the UK’s benefits system on women’s lives. 

Research interests

Nicole Busby’s research interests lie in the fields of equality and human rights law, specifically in the context of individual socio-economic rights and access to justice. She has published widely on women’s economic rights, with a particular focus on the interface between paid work and unpaid care, and also on individuals’ experiences in asserting and enforcing their rights in the employment tribunal.   

Her approach is socio-legal and inter-disciplinary and she utilises a range of empirical and doctrinal methods to identify how law shapes and is shaped by lived experience. Her work explores how individuals and groups interact with, use and live law in different contexts and she has conducted research on the experiences and perceptions of rural communities, carers, those in precarious work, and litigants in person. 

She is committed to bringing civil society organisations and academics together for mutually beneficial research and knowledge exchange. She is currently working with the Women’s Budget Group, the Child Poverty Action Group and colleagues at the Universities of Birmingham and Bristol on ‘Social Security and Gender Equality’ which explores the impact on women’s lives of recent changes to the benefits system. 

Nicole’s research has been funded by the European Research Council, the ESRC, the AHRC, the Society of Legal Scholars, the Socio-Legal Studies Association, the Legal Education Foundation and the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland.  

Publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2008 | 2006
Number of items: 41.

2020

Busby, N. (2020) Response: vulnerability and labour law: on the transition from theory to practice. In: Bedford, D. and Herring, J. (eds.) Embracing Vulnerability: The Challenges and Implications for Law. Routledge. ISBN 9781138476929 (In Press)

Busby, N. (2020) Reconsidering historical perspectives anew: old ideas adapted to new forms of work. In: Blackham, A., Kullaman, M. and Zbyszewska, A. (eds.) Theorising Labour Law in a Changing World: Towards Inclusive Labour Law. Hart Publishing, pp. 71-78. ISBN 9781509921560

Busby, N. and James, G. (2020) A History of Regulating Working Families: Strains, Stereotypes, Strategies and Solutions. Hart Publishing. ISBN 9781509904600 (In Press)

2019

Busby, N. and McDermont, M. (2019) Fighting with the wind: claimants’ experiences and perceptions of the employment tribunal. Industrial Law Journal, (doi: 10.1093/indlaw/dwz018) (Early Online Publication)

Busby, N. (2019) Rainey v Greater Glasgow Health Board: judgment and reflexive statement. In: Cowan, S., Kennedy, C. and Munro, V. (eds.) Scottish Feminist Judgments: (Re)creating law from the Outside In. Hart Publishing, pp. 269-291. ISBN 9781509923267

Busby, N. and Weldon-Johns, M. (2019) Fathers as carers in UK law and policy: dominant ideologies and lived experience. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 41(3), pp. 280-301. (doi: 10.1080/09649069.2019.1627085)

2018

Miller, A. et al. (2018) Recommendations for a New Human Rights Framework to Improve People’s Lives: Report to the First Minister. Documentation. First Minister’s Advisory Group on Human Rights Leadership.

Busby, N. (2018) The Civil Society Brexit Project: Brexit and Equality Rights. Documentation. SULNE and Human Rights Consortium Scotland.

Busby, N. and Fletcher, M. (2018) The Civil Society Brexit Project: Brexit and Women's Rights. Documentation. SULNE and Human Rights Consortium Scotland.

Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (2018) The Civil Society Brexit Project: Brexit and Employment Rights. Documentation. SULNE and Human Rights Consortium Scotland.

Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (2018) Implications for equality, employment and human rights in Scotland. In: Bringing Human Rights Home? What’s at Stake for Rights in the Incorporation of EU Law after Brexit. Liberty, pp. 44-46.

Busby, N. (2018) The evolution of gender equality and related employment policies. International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, 18(2-3), pp. 104-123. (doi: 10.1177/1358229118788458)

Busby, N. (2018) Scotland’s Expert Advisory Group on the UN Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, CEDAW Committee’s Shadow Report for Scotland. Documentation. Engender.

Busby, N. and Robison, M. (2018) CEDAW: How can Women’s Rights be Better Realised in Scotland? Documentation. Engender.

2017

Rose, E. and Busby, N. (2017) Power relations in employment disputes. Journal of Law and Society, 44(4), pp. 674-701. (doi: 10.1111/jols.12062)

Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (Eds.) (2017) Studying EU Law in Scotland during and after Brexit. Scottish Universities Legal Network on Europe.

Kirk, E. and Busby, N. (2017) Led up the tribunal path? Employment disputes, legal consciousness and trust in the protection of law. Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 7(7), pp. 1397-1420.

2016

Busby, N. (2016) Recognition of (some) men’s parental duties under EU Law. International Labor Rights Case Law, 2(2), pp. 254-259. (doi: 10.1163/24056901-00202020)

Brodie, D., Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (Eds.) (2016) The Future Regulation of Work: New Concepts, New Paradigms. Series: Palgrave socio-legal studies. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 9781137432438

Busby, N. (2016) The costs of justice: barriers and challenges to accessing the employment tribunal system. In: Kirwan, S. (ed.) Advising in Austerity: Reflections on Challenging Times for Advice Agencies. Policy Press: Bristol, pp. 79-89. ISBN 9781447334149

Busby, N. (2016) The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. In: Bogg, A., Costello, C. and Davies, A. (eds.) Research Handbook on EU Labour Law. Series: Research handbooks in European law series. Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 150-173. ISBN 978783471126

Busby, N. and James, G. (2016) Regulating work/care relationships in a time of austerity: a legal perspective. In: Lewis, S., Anderson, D., Lyonette, C., Payne, N. and Wood, S. (eds.) Work-Life Balance in Times of Recession, Austerity and Beyond. Routledge, pp. 78-92. ISBN 9781138926448

Busby, N. and McDermont, M. (2016) Access to justice in the employment tribunal : private disputes or public concerns? In: Palmer, E., Cornford, T., Marique, Y. and Guinchard, A. (eds.) Access to Justice: Beyond the Policies and Politics of Austerity. Hart Publishing, pp. 175-196. ISBN 9781849467346

Zahn, R. and Busby, N. (2016) Collective labour rights in EU and international law : consolidation, reconciliation and beyond? In: Brodie, D., Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (eds.) The Future Regulation of Work: New Concepts, New Paradigms. Series: Palgrave socio-legal studies. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 125-144. ISBN 9781137432445

2015

Busby, N. (2015) Crumbs of comfort: pregnancy and the status of 'worker' under EU law's free movement provisions. Industrial Law Journal, 44(1), pp. 134-145. (doi: 10.1093/indlaw/dwv001)

Busby, N. (2015) Challenging employment tribunal fees : R (Unison) v Lord Chancellor and another (No.2). Edinburgh Law Review, 19(2), pp. 254-259. (doi: 10.3366/elr.2015.0277)

Busby, N. and James, G. (2015) Regulating working families in the European Union: a history of disjointed strategies. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 37(3), pp. 295-308. (doi: 10.1080/09649069.2015.1081217)

2014

Busby, N. (2014) Upaid care, paid work and austerity: a research note. feminists@law, 4(1), pp. 1-12.

Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (2014) The EU and the ECHR : collective and non-discrimination labour rights at a crossroad? International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, 30(2), pp. 153-174.

2013

Busby, N., McDermont, M., Rose, E. and Sales, A. (Eds.) (2013) Access to Justice in Employment Disputes : Surveying the Terrain. Institute of Employment Rights. ISBN 9781906703189

Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (2013) European labour law in crisis: The demise of social rights. Contemporary Issues in Law, 12(2), pp. 173-192.

Busby, N. (2013) Labour law, family Law and care: a plea for convergence. In: Herring, J. and Wallbank, J. (eds.) Vulnerabilities, Care and Family Law. Routledge, pp. 181-198. ISBN 9780415857505

2012

Busby, N. and McDermont, M. (2012) Workers, marginalised voices and the Employment Tribunal System: Some preliminary findings. Industrial Law Journal, 41(2), pp. 166-183. (doi: 10.1093/indlaw/dws010)

Busby, N. (2012) Carers and the Equality Act 2010: Protected characteristics and identity. Contemporary Issues in law, 11(2), CIL 71-91.

Canetta, E., Kaltsouni, S. and Busby, N. (2012) Enforcement of Fundamental Workers' Rights [Directorate General for Internal Policies: Employment and Social Affairs]. Documentation. European Parliament.

2011

Busby, N. (2011) A Right to Care? Unpaid Care Work in European Employment Law. Series: Oxford monographs on labour law. Oxford University Press: Oxford. ISBN 9780199579020 (doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579020.001.0001)

Busby, N. and James, G. (Eds.) (2011) Families, Care-giving and Paid Work: Challenging Labour Law in the 21st Century. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781849802628

Busby, N. (2011) Unpaid care-giving and paid work within a rights framework : towards reconciliation? In: Busby, N. and James, G. (eds.) Families, Care-giving and Paid Work: Challenging Labour Law in the 21st Century. Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 189-202. ISBN 9781849802628

2010

Busby, N. and Macleod, C. (2010) Rural identity in the twenty-first century: A community of crofters or crofting communities? Journal of Law and Society, 37(4), pp. 592-619. (doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6478.2010.00523.x)

2008

Busby, N. (2008) Social policy: Case 43/75 Defrenne v Société Anonyme Belge de Navigation Aérienne (SABENA). In: Smith, R., Murrell, L. and Rook, D. (eds.) Conversion Course Companion for Law: Core Legal Principles and Cases for CPE/GDL. Pearson. ISBN 9781405873154

2006

Clark, B., Busby, N., Spink, P. and Paisley, R. (2006) Scots Law: A Student Guide. Tottel Publishing. ISBN 9781845921620

This list was generated on Sat Sep 19 21:25:58 2020 BST.
Number of items: 41.

Articles

Busby, N. and McDermont, M. (2019) Fighting with the wind: claimants’ experiences and perceptions of the employment tribunal. Industrial Law Journal, (doi: 10.1093/indlaw/dwz018) (Early Online Publication)

Busby, N. and Weldon-Johns, M. (2019) Fathers as carers in UK law and policy: dominant ideologies and lived experience. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 41(3), pp. 280-301. (doi: 10.1080/09649069.2019.1627085)

Busby, N. (2018) The evolution of gender equality and related employment policies. International Journal of Discrimination and the Law, 18(2-3), pp. 104-123. (doi: 10.1177/1358229118788458)

Rose, E. and Busby, N. (2017) Power relations in employment disputes. Journal of Law and Society, 44(4), pp. 674-701. (doi: 10.1111/jols.12062)

Kirk, E. and Busby, N. (2017) Led up the tribunal path? Employment disputes, legal consciousness and trust in the protection of law. Oñati Socio-Legal Series, 7(7), pp. 1397-1420.

Busby, N. (2016) Recognition of (some) men’s parental duties under EU Law. International Labor Rights Case Law, 2(2), pp. 254-259. (doi: 10.1163/24056901-00202020)

Busby, N. (2015) Crumbs of comfort: pregnancy and the status of 'worker' under EU law's free movement provisions. Industrial Law Journal, 44(1), pp. 134-145. (doi: 10.1093/indlaw/dwv001)

Busby, N. (2015) Challenging employment tribunal fees : R (Unison) v Lord Chancellor and another (No.2). Edinburgh Law Review, 19(2), pp. 254-259. (doi: 10.3366/elr.2015.0277)

Busby, N. and James, G. (2015) Regulating working families in the European Union: a history of disjointed strategies. Journal of Social Welfare and Family Law, 37(3), pp. 295-308. (doi: 10.1080/09649069.2015.1081217)

Busby, N. (2014) Upaid care, paid work and austerity: a research note. feminists@law, 4(1), pp. 1-12.

Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (2014) The EU and the ECHR : collective and non-discrimination labour rights at a crossroad? International Journal of Comparative Labour Law and Industrial Relations, 30(2), pp. 153-174.

Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (2013) European labour law in crisis: The demise of social rights. Contemporary Issues in Law, 12(2), pp. 173-192.

Busby, N. and McDermont, M. (2012) Workers, marginalised voices and the Employment Tribunal System: Some preliminary findings. Industrial Law Journal, 41(2), pp. 166-183. (doi: 10.1093/indlaw/dws010)

Busby, N. (2012) Carers and the Equality Act 2010: Protected characteristics and identity. Contemporary Issues in law, 11(2), CIL 71-91.

Busby, N. and Macleod, C. (2010) Rural identity in the twenty-first century: A community of crofters or crofting communities? Journal of Law and Society, 37(4), pp. 592-619. (doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6478.2010.00523.x)

Books

Busby, N. and James, G. (2020) A History of Regulating Working Families: Strains, Stereotypes, Strategies and Solutions. Hart Publishing. ISBN 9781509904600 (In Press)

Busby, N. (2011) A Right to Care? Unpaid Care Work in European Employment Law. Series: Oxford monographs on labour law. Oxford University Press: Oxford. ISBN 9780199579020 (doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199579020.001.0001)

Clark, B., Busby, N., Spink, P. and Paisley, R. (2006) Scots Law: A Student Guide. Tottel Publishing. ISBN 9781845921620

Book Sections

Busby, N. (2020) Response: vulnerability and labour law: on the transition from theory to practice. In: Bedford, D. and Herring, J. (eds.) Embracing Vulnerability: The Challenges and Implications for Law. Routledge. ISBN 9781138476929 (In Press)

Busby, N. (2020) Reconsidering historical perspectives anew: old ideas adapted to new forms of work. In: Blackham, A., Kullaman, M. and Zbyszewska, A. (eds.) Theorising Labour Law in a Changing World: Towards Inclusive Labour Law. Hart Publishing, pp. 71-78. ISBN 9781509921560

Busby, N. (2019) Rainey v Greater Glasgow Health Board: judgment and reflexive statement. In: Cowan, S., Kennedy, C. and Munro, V. (eds.) Scottish Feminist Judgments: (Re)creating law from the Outside In. Hart Publishing, pp. 269-291. ISBN 9781509923267

Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (2018) Implications for equality, employment and human rights in Scotland. In: Bringing Human Rights Home? What’s at Stake for Rights in the Incorporation of EU Law after Brexit. Liberty, pp. 44-46.

Busby, N. (2016) The costs of justice: barriers and challenges to accessing the employment tribunal system. In: Kirwan, S. (ed.) Advising in Austerity: Reflections on Challenging Times for Advice Agencies. Policy Press: Bristol, pp. 79-89. ISBN 9781447334149

Busby, N. (2016) The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. In: Bogg, A., Costello, C. and Davies, A. (eds.) Research Handbook on EU Labour Law. Series: Research handbooks in European law series. Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 150-173. ISBN 978783471126

Busby, N. and James, G. (2016) Regulating work/care relationships in a time of austerity: a legal perspective. In: Lewis, S., Anderson, D., Lyonette, C., Payne, N. and Wood, S. (eds.) Work-Life Balance in Times of Recession, Austerity and Beyond. Routledge, pp. 78-92. ISBN 9781138926448

Busby, N. and McDermont, M. (2016) Access to justice in the employment tribunal : private disputes or public concerns? In: Palmer, E., Cornford, T., Marique, Y. and Guinchard, A. (eds.) Access to Justice: Beyond the Policies and Politics of Austerity. Hart Publishing, pp. 175-196. ISBN 9781849467346

Zahn, R. and Busby, N. (2016) Collective labour rights in EU and international law : consolidation, reconciliation and beyond? In: Brodie, D., Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (eds.) The Future Regulation of Work: New Concepts, New Paradigms. Series: Palgrave socio-legal studies. Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 125-144. ISBN 9781137432445

Busby, N. (2013) Labour law, family Law and care: a plea for convergence. In: Herring, J. and Wallbank, J. (eds.) Vulnerabilities, Care and Family Law. Routledge, pp. 181-198. ISBN 9780415857505

Busby, N. (2011) Unpaid care-giving and paid work within a rights framework : towards reconciliation? In: Busby, N. and James, G. (eds.) Families, Care-giving and Paid Work: Challenging Labour Law in the 21st Century. Edward Elgar Publishing, pp. 189-202. ISBN 9781849802628

Busby, N. (2008) Social policy: Case 43/75 Defrenne v Société Anonyme Belge de Navigation Aérienne (SABENA). In: Smith, R., Murrell, L. and Rook, D. (eds.) Conversion Course Companion for Law: Core Legal Principles and Cases for CPE/GDL. Pearson. ISBN 9781405873154

Edited Books

Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (Eds.) (2017) Studying EU Law in Scotland during and after Brexit. Scottish Universities Legal Network on Europe.

Brodie, D., Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (Eds.) (2016) The Future Regulation of Work: New Concepts, New Paradigms. Series: Palgrave socio-legal studies. Palgrave Macmillan UK. ISBN 9781137432438

Busby, N., McDermont, M., Rose, E. and Sales, A. (Eds.) (2013) Access to Justice in Employment Disputes : Surveying the Terrain. Institute of Employment Rights. ISBN 9781906703189

Busby, N. and James, G. (Eds.) (2011) Families, Care-giving and Paid Work: Challenging Labour Law in the 21st Century. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781849802628

Research Reports or Papers

Miller, A. et al. (2018) Recommendations for a New Human Rights Framework to Improve People’s Lives: Report to the First Minister. Documentation. First Minister’s Advisory Group on Human Rights Leadership.

Busby, N. (2018) The Civil Society Brexit Project: Brexit and Equality Rights. Documentation. SULNE and Human Rights Consortium Scotland.

Busby, N. and Fletcher, M. (2018) The Civil Society Brexit Project: Brexit and Women's Rights. Documentation. SULNE and Human Rights Consortium Scotland.

Busby, N. and Zahn, R. (2018) The Civil Society Brexit Project: Brexit and Employment Rights. Documentation. SULNE and Human Rights Consortium Scotland.

Busby, N. (2018) Scotland’s Expert Advisory Group on the UN Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women, CEDAW Committee’s Shadow Report for Scotland. Documentation. Engender.

Busby, N. and Robison, M. (2018) CEDAW: How can Women’s Rights be Better Realised in Scotland? Documentation. Engender.

Canetta, E., Kaltsouni, S. and Busby, N. (2012) Enforcement of Fundamental Workers' Rights [Directorate General for Internal Policies: Employment and Social Affairs]. Documentation. European Parliament.

This list was generated on Sat Sep 19 21:25:58 2020 BST.

Grants

‘Capacity Building in Scotland with Civil Society Organisations: Brexit and its Implications’ (“Civil Society and Brexit Project”). A partnership project between Scottish Universities Legal Network on Europe (SULNE), Scottish Human Rights Consortium and Amnesty International. (Academic CI with Maria Fletcher, Rebecca Zahn, University of Strathclyde). Funded by the Legal Education Foundation

Phase 1 (2017-2019): Total £104k.

Phase 2 (2019-2021): Total £209k.

‘Universal Credit and Equality: Workshopping a Feminist Judicial Review’ (PI) Socio-Legal Studies Association’s seminar Competition 2018. Total £2k. 

‘The Future Regulation of Work’ (PI) awarded the Society of Legal Scholars Annual Seminar prize, 2016. Total £10k. 

‘Inaccessible Justice’, Carnegie Research Grant with match funding from Citizens Advice Scotland, 2014. Total £1k. 

‘Work-Life Balance in the Recession and Beyond’ (C, Economic and Social Research Council, 2014. Total £30k. 

'New Sites of Legal Consciousness: Citizens Advice Bureau and Employment Disputes' (with Morag McDermont, PI), European Research Council, 2012-2016. Total €1m. 

AHRC Families and Work Net (FAWN), Arts and Humanities Research Council (With Grace James), launched in 2012. Total £27k. 

Enforcement of Fundamental Workers' Rights - Senior Advisor to the European Parliament (Framework Contract IP/C/LIBE/FWC/2009), December 2011-June 2012. Total £5k. 

‘Barriers to Justice within the Employment Tribunal System: The Applicants’ Perspective: A Pilot Study’ (with Grace James), The Society of Legal Scholars, 2007. Total £2k. 

‘Communitarianism and Sustainable Crofting Communities’ (PI), The Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland, 2007. Total £1k.

Supervision

I am happy to supervise students in all areas of equality and human rights law and would particularly welcome proposals relating to the individual equality and employment rights framework, women’s social and economic rights, access to justice.

Teaching

EU Law (Level 2)

Additional information

Nicole is the Convenor of the Board of Trustees of Close the Gap, a charity that works with policymakers, employers and employees to influence and enable action to address the causes of women’s inequality at work, and a member of the Advisory Group for ‘Making Rights Real in Scotland’, funded by the Baring Foundation, which aims to identify how best to support grassroots human rights practice and monitoring in Scotland. 

Chair of The Law Reform and Public Policy Research Group