Dr Zhiwei Gao

  • Senior Lecturer (Infrastructure & Environment)

telephone: 0141-330-3927
email: Zhiwei.Gao@glasgow.ac.uk

Room 735, Rankine Building, Oakfield Avenue, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, G12 8LT

Import to contacts

ORCID iDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-5501-9855

Biography

I am a Senior Lecturer in Geotechnical Engineering at the James Watt School of Engineering, University of Glasgow. I am also a member of the Glasgow Computational Engineering Centre (GCEC) funded by the EPSRC.

Academic Qualifications

  • 2009 - 2012:  PhD in Civil Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong SAR, China
  • 2006 - 2008:  Master (Research) in Civil Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing, China
  • 2002 - 2006:  Bachelor in Civil Engineering with first honours, Beihang University, Beijing, China

Employment

  • September 2021-September 2022: RAEng Industrial Fellowship at Geowynd
  • August 2020 - present: Senior Lecturer in Geotechnical Engineering, Infrastructure and Environment Research Division, James Watt School of Engineering,  University of Glasgow
  • July 2013 - August 2020: Lecturer in Geotechnical Engineering, Infrastructure and Environment Research Division, James Watt School of Engineering,  University of Glasgow
  • September 2012 - June 2013: Post-doc Research Assistant, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology

Research interests

My main research interest is the constitutive modelling of soils. I have developed constitutive models for sand anisotropy and used them in finite element modelling of practical boundary value problems. The research has shown that anisotropy can cause strain localisation and anisotropy should be considered in calculating the bearing capacity of shallow foundations. I have also developed a new composite method for the constitutive modelling of fine-grained soils containing discrete gas bubbles (gassy clay). Papers have been published in the Can Geotech J and NAG. One publication was the 2022 Can Geotech J editor's choice paper: A critical state constitutive model for gassy clay.

I have collaborated with QTS to develop a design for lightweight rock catch fences, with funding from the Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) of Innovate UK. We have also designed a new remote monitoring system with the support of the Construction Scotland Innovation Centre (currently Built Environment – Smarter Transformation). Both the new catch fence and monitoring system have been deployed by QTS in railway projects in the UK.

I have worked with Geowynd on finite element modelling of offshore wind turbine foundations in sand. The project was funded by the Royal Academy of Engineering Industrial Fellowship. A new method for modelling the cyclic response of monopiles has been developed and published in Computers and Geotechnics

Publications

Selected publications

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J., Li, X.-S. and Dafalias, Y. F. (2014) A critical state sand plasticity model accounting for fabric evolution. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 38(4), pp. 370-390. (doi: 10.1002/nag.2211)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2013) Evaluation on failure of fiber-reinforced sand. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 139(1), pp. 95-106. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000737)

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J. and Yao, Y. (2010) A generalized anisotropic failure criterion for geomaterials. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 47(22-23), pp. 3166-3185. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2010.07.016)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2015) Constitutive modeling of anisotropic sand behavior in monotonic and cyclic loading. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 141(8), 04015017. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0000907)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2013) Strain localization and fabric evolution in sand. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 50(22-23), pp. 3634-3648. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2013.07.005)

Hong, Y., Wang, L., Zhang, J. and Gao, Z. (2020) 3D elastoplastic model for fine-grained gassy soil considering the gas-dependent yield surface shape and stress-dilatancy. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 146(5), 04020037. (doi: 10.1061/(asce)em.1943-7889.0001760)

Gao, Z. and Diambra, A. (2021) A multiaxial constitutive model for fibre-reinforced sand. Geotechnique, 71(6), pp. 548-560. (doi: 10.1680/jgeot.19.P.250)

All publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2023 | 2022 | 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010
Number of items: 66.

2023

Cai, H., Gao, Z. , Hong, Y. and Zhang, J. (2023) A bounding surface model for gassy clay. Computers and Geotechnics, 161, 105565. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2023.105565)

Lu, D., Meng, F., Zhou, X., Zhuo, Y., Gao, Z. and Du, X. (2023) A dynamic elastoplastic model of concrete based on a modeling method with environmental factors as constitutive variables. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, (Accepted for Publication)

Al-Budairi, H. , Gao, Z. and Steel, A. (2023) Numerical modelling of double-twisted wire mesh for low-energy rockfall catch fences. Geosciences, 13(6), 180. (doi: 10.3390/geosciences13060180)

Gao, Z. and Whyte, S. (2023) Finite Element Modelling of Long-term Cyclic Response of Monopiles in Sand Using a Stiffness Degradation Approach. In: 9th International SUT OSIG Conference “Innovative Geotechnologies for Energy Transition”, London, UK, 12-14 Sep 2023, (Accepted for Publication)

Cai, H., Gao, Z. , Hong, Y., Zhang, J. and Lu, D. (2023) Constitutive Modelling of Overconsolidated Gassy Clay. In: 9th International SUT OSIG Conference “Innovative Geotechnologies for Energy Transition”, London, UK, 12-14 Sep 2023, (Accepted for Publication)

Yao, H., Zhao, S., Gao, Z. , Xue, Z., Song, B., Li, F., Li, J., Liu, Y., Hou, Y. and Wang, L. (2023) Data-driven analysis on the subbase strain prediction: a deep data augmentation-based study. Transportation Geotechnics, 40, 100957. (doi: 10.1016/j.trgeo.2023.100957)

Lu, D., Zhang, Y., Zhou, X., Su, C., Gao, Z. and Du, X. (2023) A robust stress update algorithm for elastoplastic models without analytical derivation of the consistent tangent operator and loading/unloading estimation. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 47(6), pp. 1022-1050. (doi: 10.1002/nag.3503)

Essayah, A., Gao, Z. , Shire, T. and Guo, N. (2023) Discrete Element Modelling of Energy Dissipation and Stored Plastic Work in Granular Materials. In: 10th European Conference on Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering (NUMGE 2023), London, UK, 26-28 June 2023, (Accepted for Publication)

Gao, Z. W. , Li, X. and Lu, D.C. (2023) Nonlocal Regularization of an Anisotropic Critical State Model for Sand. In: 10th European Conference on Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering, London, 26-28 June 2023, (Accepted for Publication)

Gao, Z. , Lu, D., Hou, Y. and Li, X. (2023) Constitutive modelling of fabric effect on sand liquefaction. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 15(4), pp. 926-936. (doi: 10.1016/j.jrmge.2022.06.002)

Lu, D., Dong, H., Lin, Q., Gui, C., Gao, Z. and Du, X. (2023) A method for characterizing the deformation localization in granular materials using the relative particle motion. Computers and Geotechnics, 156, 105262. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2023.105262)

Liu, S. , Gao, Z. and Li, M. (2023) Effect of strength anisotropy on strain localization in natural clay. Acta Geotechnica, (doi: 10.1007/s11440-023-01853-0) (Early Online Publication)

Li, X. and Gao, Z. (2023) Evaluation of Nonlocal Regularisation Methods for Sand Models. In: UK Association for Computational Mechanics 2023 (UKACM 2023), The University of Warwick, Coventry, UK, 19-21 April 2023, (Accepted for Publication)

Gao, Z. , Yan, L. and Whyte, S. (2023) B-SDM: a bounding surface stiffness degradation method for modelling the long-term ratcheting response of offshore wind turbine foundations. Computers and Geotechnics, 154, 105157. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2022.105157)

Liu, Z., Pan, S., Gao, Z. , Chen, N., Li, F., Wang, L. and Hou, Y. (2023) Automatic intelligent recognition of pavement distresses with limited dataset using generative adversarial networks. Automation in Construction, 146, 104674. (doi: 10.1016/j.autcon.2022.104674)

2022

Liu, S. , Gao, Z. and Li, M. (2022) A closed-form logarithmic spiral method for seismic passive earth pressure in anisotropic sand. Computers and Geotechnics, 152, 105052. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2022.105052)

Essayah, A., Shire, T. and Gao, Z. (2022) The relationship between contact network and energy dissipation in granular materials. Granular Matter, 24(4), 100. (doi: 10.1007/s10035-022-01255-1)

Karimzadeh, A. A., Leung, A. K. and Gao, Z. (2022) Shear strength anisotropy of rooted soils. Geotechnique, (doi: 10.1680/jgeot.22.00103) (Early Online Publication)

de Klerk, D. N., Shire, T. , Gao, Z. , McBride, A. T. , Pearce, C. J. and Steinmann, P. (2022) A variational integrator for the discrete element method. Journal of Computational Physics, 462, 111253. (doi: 10.1016/j.jcp.2022.111253)

Gao, Z. , Cai, H., Hong, Y. and Lu, D. (2022) A constitutive model for gassy clay. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 59(6), pp. 1033-1045. (doi: 10.1139/cgj-2020-0754)

Chen, N., Zhao, S., Gao, Z. , Wang, D., Liu, P., Oeser, M., Hou, Y. and Wang, L. (2022) Virtual mix design: prediction of compressive strength of concrete with industrial wastes using deep data augmentation. Construction and Building Materials, 323, 126580. (doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.126580)

Zhou, X., Lu, D., Su, C., Gao, Z. and Du, X. (2022) An unconstrained stress updating algorithm with the line search method for elastoplastic soil models. Computers and Geotechnics, 143, 104592. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2021.104592)

Gao, Z. , Li, X. and Lu, D. (2022) Nonlocal regularization of an anisotropic critical state model for sand. Acta Geotechnica, 17(2), pp. 427-439. (doi: 10.1007/s11440-021-01236-3)

Liang, J., Lu, D., Du, X., Ma, C., Gao, Z. and Han, J. (2022) A 3D non-orthogonal elastoplastic constitutive model for transversely isotropic soil. Acta Geotechnica, 17(1), pp. 19-36. (doi: 10.1007/s11440-020-01095-4)

2021

Gao, Z. and Cai, H. (2021) Effect of total stress path and gas volume change on undrained shear strength of gassy clay. International Journal of Geomechanics, 21(11), (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GM.1943-5622.0002198)

Lin, Q., Tian, Y., Lu, D., Gong, Q., Du, X. and Gao, Z. (2021) A prediction method of ground volume loss variation with depth induced by tunnel excavation. Acta Geotechnica, 16(11), pp. 3689-3707. (doi: 10.1007/s11440-021-01295-6)

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J. and Li, X. (2021) The deformation and failure of strip footings on anisotropic cohesionless sloping grounds. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 45(10), pp. 1526-1545. (doi: 10.1002/nag.3212)

Gao, Z. and Diambra, A. (2021) A multiaxial constitutive model for fibre-reinforced sand. Geotechnique, 71(6), pp. 548-560. (doi: 10.1680/jgeot.19.P.250)

Gao, Z. and Huang, M. (2021) Effect of sample preparation method on mechanical behaviour of fibre-reinforced sand. Computers and Geotechnics, 133, 104007. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2021.104007)

Jiang, N.-J. et al. (2021) Geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering education during the pandemic. Environmental Geotechnics, 8(3), pp. 233-243. (doi: 10.1680/jenge.20.00086)

Fu, Y., Gao, Z. , Hong, Y., Li, T. and Garg, A. (2021) Destructuration of saturated natural loess: from experiments to constitutive modelling. International Journal of Damage Mechanics, 30(4), pp. 575-594. (doi: 10.1177/1056789520939300)

Hong, Y., Wang, X., Wang, L. and Gao, Z. (2021) A state-dependent constitutive model for coarse-grained gassy soil and its application in slope instability modelling. Computers and Geotechnics, 129, 103847. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2020.103847)

2020

Gao, Z. , Lu, D. and Huang, M. (2020) Effective skeleton stress and void ratio for constitutive modelling of fiber-reinforced sand. Acta Geotechnica, 15, pp. 2797-2811. (doi: 10.1007/s11440-020-00986-w)

Gao, Z. , Hong, Y. and Wang, L. (2020) Constitutive modelling of fine‐grained gassy soil: a composite approach. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 44(9), pp. 1350-1368. (doi: 10.1002/nag.3065)

Gao, Z. , Lu, D. and Du, X. (2020) Bearing capacity and failure mechanism of strip footings on anisotropic sand. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 146(8), 04020081. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0001814)

Hong, Y., Wang, L., Zhang, J. and Gao, Z. (2020) 3D elastoplastic model for fine-grained gassy soil considering the gas-dependent yield surface shape and stress-dilatancy. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 146(5), 04020037. (doi: 10.1061/(asce)em.1943-7889.0001760)

Wan, Z., Yao, Y. and Gao, Z. (2020) Comparison study of constitutive models for overconsolidated clays. Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica, 33, pp. 98-120. (doi: 10.1007/s10338-019-00110-w)

2019

Lu, D., Liang, J., Du, X., Ma, C. and Gao, Z. (2019) Fractional elastoplastic constitutive model for soils based on a novel 3D fractional plastic flow rule. Computers and Geotechnics, 105, pp. 277-290. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2018.10.004)

2018

Gao, Z. , Al-Budairi, H. and Steel, A. (2018) Experimental testing of low energy rockfall catch fence meshes. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 10(4), pp. 798-804. (doi: 10.1016/j.jrmge.2018.01.004)

2017

Al-Budairi, H. , Gao, Z. , Steel, A., Davies, T. and Wheeler, S. (2017) Improving Protection Against Rockfall Accidents on Railway Networks. KTP Associates Conference 2017, Birmingham, UK, 21 Jun 2017. (Unpublished)

Al-Budairi, H. , Gao, Z. , Steel, A., Davies, T. and Wheeler, S. (2017) Condition Monitoring System for Rockfall Catch Fences. In: 6th Interdisciplinary Workshop on Rockfall Protection, Barcelona, Spain, 22-24 May 2017, pp. 67-70. ISBN 9788494690945

Al-Budairi, H. , Gao, Z. , Steel, A., Davies, T. and Wheeler, S. (2017) Improving the Design of Low-Energy Rockfall Catch Fences. In: 6th Interdisciplinary Workshop on Rockfall Protection, Barcelona, Spain, 22-24 May 2017, pp. 139-141. ISBN 9788494690945

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J. and Yin, Z.-Y. (2017) Dilatancy relation for overconsolidated clay. International Journal of Geomechanics, 17(5), (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GM.1943-5622.0000793)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2017) A non-coaxial critical-state model for sand accounting for fabric anisotropy and fabric evolution. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 106-07, pp. 200-212. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2016.11.019)

Yao, Y., Tian, Y. and Gao, Z. (2017) Anisotropic UH model for soils based on a simple transformed stress method. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 41(1), pp. 54-78. (doi: 10.1002/nag.2545)

2016

Al-Budairi, H. , Gao, Z. , Steel, A., Wheeler, S. and Davies, T. (2016) Modelling and Optimising of a Light-Weight Rockfall Catch Fence System. In: NAFEMS UK Conference 2016, Telford, UK, 15-16 June 2016, pp. 129-132.

Al-Budairi, H. and Gao, Z. (2016) A Robust and Cost-Efficient Design of Lightweight Rockfall Catch Fences for Railways. KTP Associates Conference, Coventry, UK, 26 May 2016. (Unpublished)

Zhao, J. and Gao, Z. (2016) Unified anisotropic elastoplastic model for sand. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 142(1), 04015056. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0000962)

2015

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2015) Cyclic Loading and Fabric Evolution in Sand: A Constitutive Investigation. In: XVI European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Edinburgh, Scotland, 13-17 Sep 2015,

Gao, Z. (2015) Discussion of ‘experimental investigation of shear strength of sands with inherent fabric anisotropy’ by Tong et al. (doi:10.1007/s11440-014-0303-6). Acta Geotechnica, 10(4), pp. 547-550. (doi: 10.1007/s11440-015-0383-y)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2015) Constitutive modeling of anisotropic sand behavior in monotonic and cyclic loading. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 141(8), 04015017. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0000907)

2014

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2014) How Evolving Fabric Affects Shear Banding in Sand? In: 10th International Workshop on Bifurcation and Degradation in Geomaterials, Hong Kong, China, 28-30 May 2014, pp. 21-26. ISBN 9783319135069

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J., Li, X.-S. and Dafalias, Y. F. (2014) A critical state sand plasticity model accounting for fabric evolution. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 38(4), pp. 370-390. (doi: 10.1002/nag.2211)

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J., Li, X. and Dafalias, Y. F. (2014) Constitutive Modelling of Fabric Anisotropy in Sand. In: IS-Cambridge, Cambridge, England, 1-3 Sep 2014,

Zhao, J. and Gao, Z. (2014) Modelling Non-coaxiality and Strain Localisation in Sand: the Role of Fabric and Its Evolution. In: 14th International Conference of the International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (14IACMAG), Kyoto, Japan, 22-25 Sep 2014,

2013

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2013) Strain localization and fabric evolution in sand. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 50(22-23), pp. 3634-3648. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2013.07.005)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2013) Evaluation on failure of fiber-reinforced sand. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 139(1), pp. 95-106. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000737)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2013) Modeling the dilatancy of overconsolidated clay. In: Yang, Q., Zhang, J.-M., Zheng, H. and Yao, Y. (eds.) Constitutive Modeling of Geomaterials: Advances and New Applications. Series: Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering. Springer Heidelberg: Berlin, Germany, pp. 541-545. ISBN 9783642328138 (doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-32814-5_73)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2013) Constitutive Modeling of Dilatancy for Overconsolidated Clay. In: The Second International Symposium on Constitutive Modelling of Geomaterials: Advances and New Applications, Beijing, China, 15-16 Oct 2012, pp. 541-545. ISBN 9783642328138 (doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-32814-5_73)

2012

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2012) Efficient approach to characterize strength anisotropy in soils. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 138(12), pp. 1447-1456. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0000451)

Yao, Y., Gao, Z. , Zhao, J. and Wan, Z. (2012) Modified UH model: constitutive modeling of overconsolidated clays based on a parabolic hvorslev envelope. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 138(7), pp. 860-868. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000649)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2012) Constitutive modeling of artificially cemented sand by considering fabric anisotropy. Computers and Geotechnics, 41, pp. 57-69. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2011.10.007)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2012) Characterization of Strength Anisotropy of Fibre-Reinforced Sand. In: 16th Annual Conference of Hong Kong Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (HKSTAM), Hong Kong, China, 17 Mar 2012,

2011

Gao, Z. and zhao, j. (2011) Constitutive Characterization of Strength and Deformation for Natural Clay and Cemented Sand. In: 14th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Hong Kong, 23-27 May 2011,

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2011) The Strength and Constitutive Behaviour of Geomaterials with Cross Anisotropy. In: 15th Annual Conference of Hong Kong Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (HKSTAM), Hong Kong, China, 11-12 Mar 2011,

2010

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J. and Yao, Y. (2010) A generalized anisotropic failure criterion for geomaterials. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 47(22-23), pp. 3166-3185. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2010.07.016)

This list was generated on Mon Sep 25 10:28:40 2023 BST.
Number of items: 66.

Articles

Cai, H., Gao, Z. , Hong, Y. and Zhang, J. (2023) A bounding surface model for gassy clay. Computers and Geotechnics, 161, 105565. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2023.105565)

Lu, D., Meng, F., Zhou, X., Zhuo, Y., Gao, Z. and Du, X. (2023) A dynamic elastoplastic model of concrete based on a modeling method with environmental factors as constitutive variables. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, (Accepted for Publication)

Al-Budairi, H. , Gao, Z. and Steel, A. (2023) Numerical modelling of double-twisted wire mesh for low-energy rockfall catch fences. Geosciences, 13(6), 180. (doi: 10.3390/geosciences13060180)

Yao, H., Zhao, S., Gao, Z. , Xue, Z., Song, B., Li, F., Li, J., Liu, Y., Hou, Y. and Wang, L. (2023) Data-driven analysis on the subbase strain prediction: a deep data augmentation-based study. Transportation Geotechnics, 40, 100957. (doi: 10.1016/j.trgeo.2023.100957)

Lu, D., Zhang, Y., Zhou, X., Su, C., Gao, Z. and Du, X. (2023) A robust stress update algorithm for elastoplastic models without analytical derivation of the consistent tangent operator and loading/unloading estimation. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 47(6), pp. 1022-1050. (doi: 10.1002/nag.3503)

Gao, Z. , Lu, D., Hou, Y. and Li, X. (2023) Constitutive modelling of fabric effect on sand liquefaction. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 15(4), pp. 926-936. (doi: 10.1016/j.jrmge.2022.06.002)

Lu, D., Dong, H., Lin, Q., Gui, C., Gao, Z. and Du, X. (2023) A method for characterizing the deformation localization in granular materials using the relative particle motion. Computers and Geotechnics, 156, 105262. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2023.105262)

Liu, S. , Gao, Z. and Li, M. (2023) Effect of strength anisotropy on strain localization in natural clay. Acta Geotechnica, (doi: 10.1007/s11440-023-01853-0) (Early Online Publication)

Gao, Z. , Yan, L. and Whyte, S. (2023) B-SDM: a bounding surface stiffness degradation method for modelling the long-term ratcheting response of offshore wind turbine foundations. Computers and Geotechnics, 154, 105157. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2022.105157)

Liu, Z., Pan, S., Gao, Z. , Chen, N., Li, F., Wang, L. and Hou, Y. (2023) Automatic intelligent recognition of pavement distresses with limited dataset using generative adversarial networks. Automation in Construction, 146, 104674. (doi: 10.1016/j.autcon.2022.104674)

Liu, S. , Gao, Z. and Li, M. (2022) A closed-form logarithmic spiral method for seismic passive earth pressure in anisotropic sand. Computers and Geotechnics, 152, 105052. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2022.105052)

Essayah, A., Shire, T. and Gao, Z. (2022) The relationship between contact network and energy dissipation in granular materials. Granular Matter, 24(4), 100. (doi: 10.1007/s10035-022-01255-1)

Karimzadeh, A. A., Leung, A. K. and Gao, Z. (2022) Shear strength anisotropy of rooted soils. Geotechnique, (doi: 10.1680/jgeot.22.00103) (Early Online Publication)

de Klerk, D. N., Shire, T. , Gao, Z. , McBride, A. T. , Pearce, C. J. and Steinmann, P. (2022) A variational integrator for the discrete element method. Journal of Computational Physics, 462, 111253. (doi: 10.1016/j.jcp.2022.111253)

Gao, Z. , Cai, H., Hong, Y. and Lu, D. (2022) A constitutive model for gassy clay. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 59(6), pp. 1033-1045. (doi: 10.1139/cgj-2020-0754)

Chen, N., Zhao, S., Gao, Z. , Wang, D., Liu, P., Oeser, M., Hou, Y. and Wang, L. (2022) Virtual mix design: prediction of compressive strength of concrete with industrial wastes using deep data augmentation. Construction and Building Materials, 323, 126580. (doi: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.126580)

Zhou, X., Lu, D., Su, C., Gao, Z. and Du, X. (2022) An unconstrained stress updating algorithm with the line search method for elastoplastic soil models. Computers and Geotechnics, 143, 104592. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2021.104592)

Gao, Z. , Li, X. and Lu, D. (2022) Nonlocal regularization of an anisotropic critical state model for sand. Acta Geotechnica, 17(2), pp. 427-439. (doi: 10.1007/s11440-021-01236-3)

Liang, J., Lu, D., Du, X., Ma, C., Gao, Z. and Han, J. (2022) A 3D non-orthogonal elastoplastic constitutive model for transversely isotropic soil. Acta Geotechnica, 17(1), pp. 19-36. (doi: 10.1007/s11440-020-01095-4)

Gao, Z. and Cai, H. (2021) Effect of total stress path and gas volume change on undrained shear strength of gassy clay. International Journal of Geomechanics, 21(11), (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GM.1943-5622.0002198)

Lin, Q., Tian, Y., Lu, D., Gong, Q., Du, X. and Gao, Z. (2021) A prediction method of ground volume loss variation with depth induced by tunnel excavation. Acta Geotechnica, 16(11), pp. 3689-3707. (doi: 10.1007/s11440-021-01295-6)

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J. and Li, X. (2021) The deformation and failure of strip footings on anisotropic cohesionless sloping grounds. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 45(10), pp. 1526-1545. (doi: 10.1002/nag.3212)

Gao, Z. and Diambra, A. (2021) A multiaxial constitutive model for fibre-reinforced sand. Geotechnique, 71(6), pp. 548-560. (doi: 10.1680/jgeot.19.P.250)

Gao, Z. and Huang, M. (2021) Effect of sample preparation method on mechanical behaviour of fibre-reinforced sand. Computers and Geotechnics, 133, 104007. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2021.104007)

Jiang, N.-J. et al. (2021) Geotechnical and geoenvironmental engineering education during the pandemic. Environmental Geotechnics, 8(3), pp. 233-243. (doi: 10.1680/jenge.20.00086)

Fu, Y., Gao, Z. , Hong, Y., Li, T. and Garg, A. (2021) Destructuration of saturated natural loess: from experiments to constitutive modelling. International Journal of Damage Mechanics, 30(4), pp. 575-594. (doi: 10.1177/1056789520939300)

Hong, Y., Wang, X., Wang, L. and Gao, Z. (2021) A state-dependent constitutive model for coarse-grained gassy soil and its application in slope instability modelling. Computers and Geotechnics, 129, 103847. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2020.103847)

Gao, Z. , Lu, D. and Huang, M. (2020) Effective skeleton stress and void ratio for constitutive modelling of fiber-reinforced sand. Acta Geotechnica, 15, pp. 2797-2811. (doi: 10.1007/s11440-020-00986-w)

Gao, Z. , Hong, Y. and Wang, L. (2020) Constitutive modelling of fine‐grained gassy soil: a composite approach. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 44(9), pp. 1350-1368. (doi: 10.1002/nag.3065)

Gao, Z. , Lu, D. and Du, X. (2020) Bearing capacity and failure mechanism of strip footings on anisotropic sand. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 146(8), 04020081. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0001814)

Hong, Y., Wang, L., Zhang, J. and Gao, Z. (2020) 3D elastoplastic model for fine-grained gassy soil considering the gas-dependent yield surface shape and stress-dilatancy. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 146(5), 04020037. (doi: 10.1061/(asce)em.1943-7889.0001760)

Wan, Z., Yao, Y. and Gao, Z. (2020) Comparison study of constitutive models for overconsolidated clays. Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica, 33, pp. 98-120. (doi: 10.1007/s10338-019-00110-w)

Lu, D., Liang, J., Du, X., Ma, C. and Gao, Z. (2019) Fractional elastoplastic constitutive model for soils based on a novel 3D fractional plastic flow rule. Computers and Geotechnics, 105, pp. 277-290. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2018.10.004)

Gao, Z. , Al-Budairi, H. and Steel, A. (2018) Experimental testing of low energy rockfall catch fence meshes. Journal of Rock Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, 10(4), pp. 798-804. (doi: 10.1016/j.jrmge.2018.01.004)

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J. and Yin, Z.-Y. (2017) Dilatancy relation for overconsolidated clay. International Journal of Geomechanics, 17(5), (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GM.1943-5622.0000793)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2017) A non-coaxial critical-state model for sand accounting for fabric anisotropy and fabric evolution. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 106-07, pp. 200-212. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2016.11.019)

Yao, Y., Tian, Y. and Gao, Z. (2017) Anisotropic UH model for soils based on a simple transformed stress method. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 41(1), pp. 54-78. (doi: 10.1002/nag.2545)

Zhao, J. and Gao, Z. (2016) Unified anisotropic elastoplastic model for sand. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 142(1), 04015056. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0000962)

Gao, Z. (2015) Discussion of ‘experimental investigation of shear strength of sands with inherent fabric anisotropy’ by Tong et al. (doi:10.1007/s11440-014-0303-6). Acta Geotechnica, 10(4), pp. 547-550. (doi: 10.1007/s11440-015-0383-y)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2015) Constitutive modeling of anisotropic sand behavior in monotonic and cyclic loading. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 141(8), 04015017. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0000907)

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J., Li, X.-S. and Dafalias, Y. F. (2014) A critical state sand plasticity model accounting for fabric evolution. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 38(4), pp. 370-390. (doi: 10.1002/nag.2211)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2013) Strain localization and fabric evolution in sand. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 50(22-23), pp. 3634-3648. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2013.07.005)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2013) Evaluation on failure of fiber-reinforced sand. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 139(1), pp. 95-106. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000737)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2012) Efficient approach to characterize strength anisotropy in soils. Journal of Engineering Mechanics, 138(12), pp. 1447-1456. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)EM.1943-7889.0000451)

Yao, Y., Gao, Z. , Zhao, J. and Wan, Z. (2012) Modified UH model: constitutive modeling of overconsolidated clays based on a parabolic hvorslev envelope. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 138(7), pp. 860-868. (doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)GT.1943-5606.0000649)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2012) Constitutive modeling of artificially cemented sand by considering fabric anisotropy. Computers and Geotechnics, 41, pp. 57-69. (doi: 10.1016/j.compgeo.2011.10.007)

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J. and Yao, Y. (2010) A generalized anisotropic failure criterion for geomaterials. International Journal of Solids and Structures, 47(22-23), pp. 3166-3185. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijsolstr.2010.07.016)

Book Sections

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2013) Modeling the dilatancy of overconsolidated clay. In: Yang, Q., Zhang, J.-M., Zheng, H. and Yao, Y. (eds.) Constitutive Modeling of Geomaterials: Advances and New Applications. Series: Springer Series in Geomechanics and Geoengineering. Springer Heidelberg: Berlin, Germany, pp. 541-545. ISBN 9783642328138 (doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-32814-5_73)

Conference or Workshop Item

Al-Budairi, H. , Gao, Z. , Steel, A., Davies, T. and Wheeler, S. (2017) Improving Protection Against Rockfall Accidents on Railway Networks. KTP Associates Conference 2017, Birmingham, UK, 21 Jun 2017. (Unpublished)

Al-Budairi, H. and Gao, Z. (2016) A Robust and Cost-Efficient Design of Lightweight Rockfall Catch Fences for Railways. KTP Associates Conference, Coventry, UK, 26 May 2016. (Unpublished)

Conference Proceedings

Gao, Z. and Whyte, S. (2023) Finite Element Modelling of Long-term Cyclic Response of Monopiles in Sand Using a Stiffness Degradation Approach. In: 9th International SUT OSIG Conference “Innovative Geotechnologies for Energy Transition”, London, UK, 12-14 Sep 2023, (Accepted for Publication)

Cai, H., Gao, Z. , Hong, Y., Zhang, J. and Lu, D. (2023) Constitutive Modelling of Overconsolidated Gassy Clay. In: 9th International SUT OSIG Conference “Innovative Geotechnologies for Energy Transition”, London, UK, 12-14 Sep 2023, (Accepted for Publication)

Essayah, A., Gao, Z. , Shire, T. and Guo, N. (2023) Discrete Element Modelling of Energy Dissipation and Stored Plastic Work in Granular Materials. In: 10th European Conference on Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering (NUMGE 2023), London, UK, 26-28 June 2023, (Accepted for Publication)

Gao, Z. W. , Li, X. and Lu, D.C. (2023) Nonlocal Regularization of an Anisotropic Critical State Model for Sand. In: 10th European Conference on Numerical Methods in Geotechnical Engineering, London, 26-28 June 2023, (Accepted for Publication)

Li, X. and Gao, Z. (2023) Evaluation of Nonlocal Regularisation Methods for Sand Models. In: UK Association for Computational Mechanics 2023 (UKACM 2023), The University of Warwick, Coventry, UK, 19-21 April 2023, (Accepted for Publication)

Al-Budairi, H. , Gao, Z. , Steel, A., Davies, T. and Wheeler, S. (2017) Condition Monitoring System for Rockfall Catch Fences. In: 6th Interdisciplinary Workshop on Rockfall Protection, Barcelona, Spain, 22-24 May 2017, pp. 67-70. ISBN 9788494690945

Al-Budairi, H. , Gao, Z. , Steel, A., Davies, T. and Wheeler, S. (2017) Improving the Design of Low-Energy Rockfall Catch Fences. In: 6th Interdisciplinary Workshop on Rockfall Protection, Barcelona, Spain, 22-24 May 2017, pp. 139-141. ISBN 9788494690945

Al-Budairi, H. , Gao, Z. , Steel, A., Wheeler, S. and Davies, T. (2016) Modelling and Optimising of a Light-Weight Rockfall Catch Fence System. In: NAFEMS UK Conference 2016, Telford, UK, 15-16 June 2016, pp. 129-132.

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2015) Cyclic Loading and Fabric Evolution in Sand: A Constitutive Investigation. In: XVI European Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Edinburgh, Scotland, 13-17 Sep 2015,

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2014) How Evolving Fabric Affects Shear Banding in Sand? In: 10th International Workshop on Bifurcation and Degradation in Geomaterials, Hong Kong, China, 28-30 May 2014, pp. 21-26. ISBN 9783319135069

Gao, Z. , Zhao, J., Li, X. and Dafalias, Y. F. (2014) Constitutive Modelling of Fabric Anisotropy in Sand. In: IS-Cambridge, Cambridge, England, 1-3 Sep 2014,

Zhao, J. and Gao, Z. (2014) Modelling Non-coaxiality and Strain Localisation in Sand: the Role of Fabric and Its Evolution. In: 14th International Conference of the International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (14IACMAG), Kyoto, Japan, 22-25 Sep 2014,

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2013) Constitutive Modeling of Dilatancy for Overconsolidated Clay. In: The Second International Symposium on Constitutive Modelling of Geomaterials: Advances and New Applications, Beijing, China, 15-16 Oct 2012, pp. 541-545. ISBN 9783642328138 (doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-32814-5_73)

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2012) Characterization of Strength Anisotropy of Fibre-Reinforced Sand. In: 16th Annual Conference of Hong Kong Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (HKSTAM), Hong Kong, China, 17 Mar 2012,

Gao, Z. and zhao, j. (2011) Constitutive Characterization of Strength and Deformation for Natural Clay and Cemented Sand. In: 14th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Hong Kong, 23-27 May 2011,

Gao, Z. and Zhao, J. (2011) The Strength and Constitutive Behaviour of Geomaterials with Cross Anisotropy. In: 15th Annual Conference of Hong Kong Society of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (HKSTAM), Hong Kong, China, 11-12 Mar 2011,

This list was generated on Mon Sep 25 10:28:40 2023 BST.

Grants

  1. 2023-2026: Modelling-assisted design and artificial intelligence for geotechnical engineering. The Royal Academy of Engineering Visiting Professors with Mr Sangeet Patra at Subsea 7. £10.2k.
  2. 2023-2025: Rockfall hazard mitigation using reinforced earth walls made from local soils. The Royal Society International Exchanges 2022 Cost Share (NSFC). £12k.
  3. 2023: Turing Network for AI in offshore wind geotechnics. Turing Network Development Award. The Alan Turing Institute and EPSRC Impact Acceleration Account. £10k.
  4. 2021-2022: Offshore-foundation design using state-of-the-art Constitutive models: Embedding Advanced Numerical approaches (OCEAN). Royal Academy of Engineering Industrial Fellowships with Geowynd (https://geowynd.com/). £33k.
  5. 2021-2022: Multiphysics modelling of gas migration in fine-grained marine soils. The Royal Society International Exchanges with Dr Nabil Sultan at Ifremer France (https://annuaire.ifremer.fr/cv/16726/en/). £5k.
  6. 2018: Mechanical response of rock catch fence wires under high strain-rate loading. University of Glasgow Knowledge Exchange Fund. £8k.
  7. 2017-2018: Smart fences-Development of a condition monitoring system (CMS) for rockfall catch fences. Funded by Construction Scotland Innovation Centre and QTS Group Ltd. £90k.
  8. 2015-2017: Development of a more robust and cost-efficient rockfall catch fence design. Funded by Knowledge Transfer Partnership of Innovate UK and QTS Group Ltd (https://www.qtsgroup.com/). £170k.

Supervision

PhD students:

I am always looking for highly motivated graduate students to undertake research on computational geomechanics, with a focus on gassy soils, climate change and offshore wind turbine foundations. Some of the projects (offshore geotechnics, constitutive modelling of soils and AI) can be found here. You are also welcome to bring your own proposals. If you are interested, please get in touch with me via email. Some of the scholarships available include:

If you need any help in applying for these scholarships, please get in touch with me and I am very happy to help.

Postdoctoral researchers:

I am also happy to support excellent postdoctoral researchers. You can apply for the fellowships below. I am happy to help you develop the research proposals:

  • Chen, Qianxu
    Physics-constrained data-driven modelling of anisotropic sand behaviour
  • Li, Xin
    Nonlocal regularization of anisotropic sand models
  • Sungurtekin, Turkay
    Data-driven modelling of sand behaviour under cyclic loading

Current and past PhD students:

Postdoctoral and visiting researchers:

Teaching

  • ENG4070: Geotechnical Engineering 4: This is a course for BEng, MEng and MSc students. I was the course convenor for one year. This course has included content on site investigation, ground improvement and pile foundations.
  • ENG4072: Ground Engineering 4: This is a course for BEng, MEng and MSc students. The main content includes finite element modelling in ground engineering, time-dependent soil response and basic knowledge of unsaturated soil mechanics.
  • ENG4188: Geotechnical Design Project 4: This design project is for MEng students. It is based on a brief for a road embankment and bridge abutments on soft clay, with the embankment height varying across the site, ground conditions based on real site investigation data and various other site constraints. Students work in groups and consider the behaviour of the embankment firstly with no ground improvement and secondly with various forms of ground improvement, with the objective of developing a design for the embankment and the bridge abutments.
  • ENG3086: Transportation Engineering 3: This is a course for BEng, MEng and MSc students on transportation design. It includes the inclusivity of transportation networks, and design for walking, cycling and motorways.
  • ENG3073: Geotechnical Engineering 3: This is a course for BEng, MEng and MSc students. Content includes the consolidation, drained/undrained analysis, soil behaviour in shear and critical state soil mechanics.
  • ENG3076: Civil Design Projects 3: This is a design project for Year 3 students. I am delivering the second part related to geotechnical engineering. Students are required to carry out a geotechnical design for a railway platform extension and embankment stabilisation using their knowledge learnt in Geotechnical Engineering 3.