# Dr Angela Busse

**Senior Lecturer**(Systems Power & Energy)

**telephone**:
01413304321

**email**:
Angela.Busse@glasgow.ac.uk

James Watt South Building, Room 717

## Biography

Dr Angela Busse is a Senior Lecturer in the Energy and Sustainability Research Group and member of the Systems, Power and Energy Division. She chairs the IT Committee of the James Watt School of Engineering and has been conducting research in Computational Fluid Dynamics using High Performance Computing since 2005.

After completing her PhD project at the Max-Planck-Institute for Plasma Physics on Lagrangian statistical properties of hydrodynamic and magnetohydrodynamic turbulence, she worked from 2009 to 2013 as a postdoctoral researcher in the Aerodynamics and Flight Mechanics research group at the University of Southampton on wall-bounded turbulent flows.

She joined the School of Engineering at the University of Glasgow in 2013 where she is investigating fundamental and applied problems in fluid dynamics using computational, analytical and experimental methods. From 2018 to 2020 she served on the EPSRC Research e-Infrastructure Strategic Advisory Team. She is member of the management board of the UK Turbulence Consortium, member of the editoral board of European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids, member of the Royal Society panel for the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM), member of the UK Fluids Network, member of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society, and member of the Institute of Physics.

## Research interests

My research interests cover the following areas

- Turbulent flow over rough surfaces
- Drag reduction by superhydrophobic surfaces
- High performance computing
- Numerical methods for CFD
- Biomechanics and aerodynamics of plants
- Marine biofouling
- Lagrangian turbulence statistics
- Bluff-body aerodynamics
- Magnetohydrodynamics
- Flows in indoor environments

## Publications

**68**.

## 2023

Pickles, D. J. , Zagaglia, D. , Busse, A. and Green, R. B.
(2023)
Vortex ring state of a shrouded rotor: an experimental survey.
*Experiments in Fluids*, 64(4),
69.
(doi: 10.1007/s00348-023-03609-8)

Busse, A. and Sarakinos, S. (2023) Reynolds Number Dependency of Turbulent Flow Over a Surface Fouled by Barnacles. 13th ERCOFTAC Workshop on Direct and Large Eddy Simulation (DLES'13), Udine, Italy, 26-28 October 2022. (Accepted for Publication)

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A. (2023) Influence of Ridge Spacing on Secondary Currents in Turbulent Channel Flow Over Triangular Ridges. 13th ERCOFTAC Workshop on Direct and Large Eddy Simulation (DLES'13), Udine, Italy, 26-28 October 2022. (Accepted for Publication)

Busse, A. and Jelly, T.O.
(2023)
Effect of high skewness and kurtosis on turbulent channel flow over irregular rough walls.
*Journal of Turbulence*, 24(1-2),
pp. 57-81.
(doi: 10.1080/14685248.2023.2173761)

Pickles, D.J. , Green, R.B. and Busse, A.
(2023)
The vortex ring state of a rotor and its comparison with the collapse of an annular jet in counterflow.
*Physics of Fluids*, 35,
044103.
(doi: 10.1063/5.0143406)

## 2022

Seale, M. et al.
(2022)
Environmental morphing enables informed dispersal of the dandelion diaspore.
*eLife*, 11,
e81962.
(doi: 10.7554/eLife.81962)
(PMID:36445222)
(PMCID:PMC9797189)

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A. (2022) Reynolds number effects on turbulent flow over pyramid roughness with varied solidity. 75th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Indianapolis, IN, USA, 20-22 Nov 2022.

Zhdanov, O. , Green, R. and Busse, A.
(2022)
LES and PIV investigation of the flow past a cactus-shaped cylinder with four ribs.
*Flow, Turbulence and Combustion*,
(doi: 10.1007/s10494-022-00386-y)
(Early Online Publication)

Busse, A. and Zhdanov, O.
(2022)
Direct numerical simulations of turbulent channel flow over ratchet roughness.
*Flow, Turbulence and Combustion*, 109(4),
pp. 1195-1213.
(doi: 10.1007/s10494-022-00352-8)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Müller, W.-C.
(2022)
Reynolds number dependence of Lagrangian dispersion in direct numerical simulations of anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 944,
A36.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2022.434)

Busse, A. and Zhdanov, O. (2022) The Structure of Turbulent Channel Flow over Ratchet-Type Roughness. In: 12th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena (TSFP12), Osaka, Japan, 19-22 July 2022,

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A. (2022) Effects of Frontal and Plan Solidity on Rough-Wall Turbulent Channel Flow Over Pyramid Roughness. In: 12th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena (TSFP12), Osaka, Japan, 19-22 July 2022,

Busse, A. (2022) Effects of Marine Biofouling on Wall-Bounded Turbulence. Leeds Fluid Dynamics Symposium, Leeds, UK, 22 Jun 2022.

Sarakinos, S. and Busse, A.
(2022)
Investigation of rough-wall turbulence over barnacle roughness with increasing solidity using direct numerical simulations.
*Physical Review Fluids*, 7(6),
064602.
(doi: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.7.064602)

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A. (2022) DNS Investigation of the Influence of Channel Configuration on Rough-wall Turbulence with Secondary Currents. Wall-bounded Turbulence: Beyond Current Boundaries, Cambridge, UK, 28 Mar - 01 Apr 2022.

Jelly, T. O., Ramani, A., Nugroho, B., Hutchins, N. and Busse, A.
(2022)
Impact of spanwise effective slope upon rough-wall turbulent channel flow.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 951,
A1.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2022.823)

Zhdanov, O. , Blatt, M. R. , Zare-Behtash, H. and Busse, A.
(2022)
Unidirectional versus bidirectional brushing: simulating wind influence on Arabidopsis thaliana.
*Quantitative Plant Biology*, 3,
e7.
(doi: 10.1017/qpb.2021.14)

## 2021

Busse, A. and Zhdanov, O. (2021) Turbulent Channel Flow Over Ratchet-type Roughness. In: 13th International ERCOFTAC symposium on Engineering, Turbulence, Modelling and Measurements (ETMM 13), Rhodes, Greece, 15-17 Sep 2021, p. 148.

Pickles, D.J., Zagaglia, D. , Green, R.B. and Busse, A. (2021) The Vortex Ring State of a Shrouded Rotor. 47th European Rotorcraft Forum, 07-09 Sep 2021.

Alves Portela, F., Busse, A. and Sandham, N.D.
(2021)
Numerical study of Fourier-filtered rough surfaces.
*Physical Review Fluids*, 6(8),
084606.
(doi: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.6.084606)

Busse, A. and Jelly, T. O. (2021) Wall-bounded Turbulence Over Highly Positively and Negatively Skewed Roughness. 25th International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 22-27 Aug 2021.

Zhdanov, O. , Blatt, M. R. , Zare-Behtash, H. and Busse, A.
(2021)
Wind-evoked anemotropism affects the morphology and mechanical properties of Arabidopsis.
*Journal of Experimental Botany*, 72(5),
pp. 1906-1918.
(doi: 10.1093/jxb/eraa541)
(PMID:33206167)

Zhdanov, O. , Green, R. and Busse, A.
(2021)
Experimental investigation of the angle of attack dependence of the flow past a cactus-shaped cylinder with four ribs.
*Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, 208,
104400.
(doi: 10.1016/j.jweia.2020.104400)

## 2020

Zhdanov, O. , Blatt, M. R. , Cammarano, A. , Zare-Behtash, H. and Busse, A.
(2020)
A new perspective on mechanical characterisation of Arabidopsis stems through vibration tests.
*Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials*, 112,
104041.
(doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.104041)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Muller, W.-C.
(2020)
Lagrangian statistics for dispersion in magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics*, 125(11),
e2020JA028.
(doi: 10.1029/2020JA028245)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Müller, W.-C.
(2020)
Lagrangian statistics of heat transfer in homogeneous turbulence driven by Boussinesq convection.
*Fluids*, 5(3),
127.
(doi: 10.3390/fluids5030127)

Busse, A. and Jelly, T. O.
(2020)
Influence of surface anisotropy on turbulent flow over irregular roughness.
*Flow, Turbulence and Combustion*, 104,
pp. 331-354.
(doi: 10.1007/s10494-019-00074-4)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Müller, W.-C.
(2020)
Intermittency of many-particle dispersion in anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Journal of Physics: Conference Series*, 1620,
012015.
(doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1620/1/012015)

Ramani, A., Nugroho, B., Busse, A. , Monty, J. P., Hutchins, N. and Jelly, T. O. (2020) The Effects of Anisotropic Surface Roughness on Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flow. In: 22nd Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC2020), Brisbane, Australia, 7-10 Dec 2020, ISBN 9781742723419 (doi: 10.14264/c251931)

## 2019

Jelly, T. O. and Busse, A.
(2019)
Reynolds number dependence of Reynolds and dispersive stresses in turbulent channel
flow past irregular near-Gaussian roughness.
*International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow*, 80,
108485.
(doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2019.108485)

Jelly, T. , Hutchins, N. and Busse, A. (2019) Impact of Spanwise Effective Slope on Near-wall Turbulence. 72nd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Seattle, WA, USA, 23-26 Nov 2019.

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A. (2019) Do Ribs Help Succulents to Cope With Aerodynamic Loads in Their Natural Environment? 72nd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Seattle, WA, USA, 23-26 Nov 2019.

Zhdanov, O. , Busse, A. , Cammarano, A. , Zare-Behtash, H. and Blatt, M. (2019) Effect of Wind on Morphology and Mechanical Properties of Arabidopsis Thaliana. SES 2019 – Society of Engineering Science, 56th Annual Technical Meeting, Washington University, St. Louis, 13-15 October 2019.

Jelly, T. O. and Busse, A. (2019) Multi-scale Anisotropic Rough Surface Algorithm: Technical Documentation and User Guide. Technical Report. University of Glasgow. (Unpublished)

Sarakinos, S. and Busse, A. (2019) Influence of Spatial Distribution of Roughness Elements on Turbulent Flow Past a Biofouled Surface. In: 11th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena (TSFP11), Southampton, UK, 30 Jul - 02 Aug 2019,

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A.
(2019)
Angle of attack dependence of flow past cactus-inspired cylinders with a low number of ribs.
*European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids*, 75,
pp. 244-257.
(doi: 10.1016/j.euromechflu.2018.09.008)

Sarakinos, S. and Busse, A.
(2019)
An algorithm for the generation of biofouled surfaces for applications in marine hydrodynamics.
In: Ferrer, E. and Montlaur, A. (eds.)
*Recent Advances in CFD for Wind and Tidal Offshore Turbines.*
Series: Springer tracts in mechanical engineering.
Springer International Publishing, pp. 61-71.
ISBN 9783030118860
(doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-11887-7_6)

## 2018

Jelly, T. O. and Busse, A.
(2018)
Reynolds and dispersive shear stress contributions above highly skewed roughness.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 852,
pp. 710-724.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2018.541)

Jelly, T. O. and Busse, A. (2018) Impact of Irregular Anisotropic Surface Roughness on the Near-wall Region of Turbulent Channel Flow. 12th International ERCOFTAC Symposium on Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Measurements (ETMM12), Montpellier, France, 26-28 Sep 2018.

Forooghi, P., Frohnapfel, B., Magagnato, F. and Busse, A.
(2018)
A modified Parametric Forcing Approach for modelling of roughness.
*International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow*, 71,
pp. 200-209.
(doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2018.03.019)

Zhdanov, O. , Busse, A. , Blatt, M. and Zare-Behtash, H. (2018) A specialised wind tunnel for investigation of ecophysiological response of plants to wind. 31st Scottish Fluid Mechanics Meeting, Aberdeen, UK, 29 May 2018. (Unpublished)

Thakkar, M., Busse, A. and Sandham, N.D.
(2018)
Direct numerical simulation of turbulent channel flow over a surrogate for Nikuradse-type roughness.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 837,
R1-1.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2017.873)

Sarakinos, S. S. , Jelly, T. O. and Busse, A. (2018) An Algorithm for the Generation of Biofouled Surfaces for Applications in Marine Hydrodynamics. 6th European Conference on Computational Mechanics (ECCM 6) 7th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ECFD 7), Glasgow, UK, 11-15 Jun 2018.

## 2017

Jelly, T. , Sarakinos, S. and Busse, A. (2017) Dependence of Near-wall Flow on the Higher Moments of a Multi-scale Rough Surface. 70th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics, Denver, CO, USA, 19-21 Nov 2017.

Pratt, J., Busse, A. , Müller, W.-C., Watkins, N.W. and Chapman, S.C.
(2017)
Extreme-value statistics from Lagrangian convex hull analysis for homogeneous turbulent Boussinesq convection and MHD convection.
*New Journal of Physics*, 19,
065006.
(doi: 10.1088/1367-2630/aa6fe8)

Busse, A. , Thakkar, M. and Sandham, N.
(2017)
Reynolds-number dependence of the near-wall flow over irregular rough surfaces.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 810,
pp. 196-224.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2016.680)

## 2016

Thakkar, M., Busse, A. and Sandham, N.
(2016)
Surface correlations of hydrodynamic drag for transitionally rough engineering surfaces.
*Journal of Turbulence*, 18(2),
pp. 138-169.
(doi: 10.1080/14685248.2016.1258119)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Mueller, W.C. (2016) A Lagrangian Perspective on Anisotropy in Turbulent Flows. Project Report. Norddeutsche Verbund für Hoch- und Höchstleistungsrechnen (HLRN). (Unpublished)

## 2015

Busse, A. , Lützner, M. and Sandham, N. D.
(2015)
Direct numerical simulation of turbulent flow over a rough surface based on a surface scan.
*Computers and Fluids*, 116,
pp. 129-147.
(doi: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2015.04.008)

Busse, A. , Pratt, J. and Mueller, W.C. (2015) Single- and Multi-Particle Statistics of Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence. In: Dynamics Days Europe, Exeter, England, 6-10 Sep 2015,

Thakkar, M., Busse, A. and Sandham, N.D. (2015) Turbulent Fluid Flow Over Aerodynamically Rough Surfaces Using Direct Numerical Simulations. In: ERCOFTAC WORKSHOP Direct and Large Eddy Simulation 10 (DLES10), Limassol, Cyprus, 27-29 May 2015,

## 2014

Busse, A. , McHale, G., Newton, M. I. and Sandham, N. D. (2014) Influence of the Air-Layer Flow on Drag Reduction by Superhydrophobic Surfaces. In: EFMC10 - 10th European Fluid Mechanics Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, 14-18 Sep 2014,

## 2013

Busse, A. and Sandham, N. D. (2013) Turbulent Flow Over Superhydrophobic Surfaces - Roughness Versus Slip. In: 14th European Turbulence Conference, Lyon, France, 01-04 Sep 2013,

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Müller, W.-C.
(2013)
Fluctuation dynamo amplified by intermittent shear bursts
in convectively driven magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Astronomy and Astrophysics*, 557,
A76.
(doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201321613)

Busse, A. , Sandham, N., McHale, G. and Newton, M.I.
(2013)
Change in drag, apparent slip and optimum air layer thickness for laminar flow over an idealised superhydrophobic surface.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 727,
pp. 488-508.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2013.284)

Busse, A. , Tyson, C. J., Sandham, N. D. and Luetzner, M. (2013) DNS of Turbulent Channel Flow over Engineering Rough Surfaces. In: 8th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, Poitiers, France, 28-30 Aug 2013,

## 2012

Busse, A. and Sandham, N.D.
(2012)
Parametric forcing approach to rough wall turbulent channel flow.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 712,
pp. 169-202.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2012.408)

Mueller, W.-C., Malapaka, S.K. and Busse, A.
(2012)
Inverse cascade of magnetic helicity in magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Physical Review E*, 85(1),
015302(R).
(doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.85.015302)

Busse, A. and Sandham, N.
(2012)
Influence of an anisotropic slip-length boundary condition on turbulent channel flow.
*Physics of Fluids*, 24(5),
055111.
(doi: 10.1063/1.4719780)

## 2011

Busse, A. and Sandham, N.D.
(2011)
Simulation of rough wall turbulent channel flow using a parametric forcing approach.
*Journal of Physics: Conference Series*, 318(2),
022006.
(doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/318/2/022006)

## 2010

Busse, A. , Mueller, W.-C. and Gogoberidze, G.
(2010)
Lagrangian frequency spectrum as a diagnostic for magnetohydrodynamic turbulence dynamics.
*Physical Review Letters*, 105(23),
p. 235005.
(doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.235005)

## 2009

Skandera, D., Busse, A. and Mueller, W.-C.
(2009)
Scaling properties of convective turbulence.
In: Wagner, S. (ed.)
*High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, Garching/Munich 2007.*
Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Germany, pp. 387-396.
ISBN 9783540691815

## 2008

Busse, A. and Mueller, W.-C.
(2008)
Diffusion and dispersion in magnetohydrodynamic turbulence: the influence of mean magnetic fields.
*Astronomische Nachrichten*, 329,
pp. 714-716.
(doi: 10.1002/asna.200811011)

Arneodo, A. et al.
(2008)
Universal intermittent properties of particle trajectories in highly turbulent flows.
*Physical Review Letters*, 100(25),
p. 254504.
(doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.254504)

## 2007

Busse, A. , Mueller, W.-C., Homann, H. and Grauer, R.
(2007)
Statistics of passive tracers in three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Physics of Plasmas*, 14,
122303.
(doi: 10.1063/1.2818770)

Homann, H., Grauer, R., Busse, A. and Mueller, W.-C.
(2007)
Lagrangian statistics of Navier–Stokes and
MHD turbulence.
*Journal of Plasma Physics*, 73(6),
pp. 821-830.
(doi: 10.1017/S0022377807006575)

Müller, W.-C. and Busse, A. (2007) Recent Developments in the Theory of Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence. In: 6th Annual International Astrophysical Conference, Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii, 16-22 Mar 2007, pp. 52-57. ISBN 9780735404434 (doi: 10.1063/1.2778945)

Busse, A. and Mueller, W.-C.
(2007)
Diffusion and dispersion of passive tracers: Navier-Stokes vs. MHD turbulence.
*Europhysics Letters*, 78(1),
p. 14003.
(doi: 10.1209/0295-5075/78/14003)

**Thu Jun 1 05:45:07 2023 BST**.

**68**.

## Articles

Pickles, D. J. , Zagaglia, D. , Busse, A. and Green, R. B.
(2023)
Vortex ring state of a shrouded rotor: an experimental survey.
*Experiments in Fluids*, 64(4),
69.
(doi: 10.1007/s00348-023-03609-8)

Busse, A. and Jelly, T.O.
(2023)
Effect of high skewness and kurtosis on turbulent channel flow over irregular rough walls.
*Journal of Turbulence*, 24(1-2),
pp. 57-81.
(doi: 10.1080/14685248.2023.2173761)

Pickles, D.J. , Green, R.B. and Busse, A.
(2023)
The vortex ring state of a rotor and its comparison with the collapse of an annular jet in counterflow.
*Physics of Fluids*, 35,
044103.
(doi: 10.1063/5.0143406)

Seale, M. et al.
(2022)
Environmental morphing enables informed dispersal of the dandelion diaspore.
*eLife*, 11,
e81962.
(doi: 10.7554/eLife.81962)
(PMID:36445222)
(PMCID:PMC9797189)

Zhdanov, O. , Green, R. and Busse, A.
(2022)
LES and PIV investigation of the flow past a cactus-shaped cylinder with four ribs.
*Flow, Turbulence and Combustion*,
(doi: 10.1007/s10494-022-00386-y)
(Early Online Publication)

Busse, A. and Zhdanov, O.
(2022)
Direct numerical simulations of turbulent channel flow over ratchet roughness.
*Flow, Turbulence and Combustion*, 109(4),
pp. 1195-1213.
(doi: 10.1007/s10494-022-00352-8)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Müller, W.-C.
(2022)
Reynolds number dependence of Lagrangian dispersion in direct numerical simulations of anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 944,
A36.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2022.434)

Sarakinos, S. and Busse, A.
(2022)
Investigation of rough-wall turbulence over barnacle roughness with increasing solidity using direct numerical simulations.
*Physical Review Fluids*, 7(6),
064602.
(doi: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.7.064602)

Jelly, T. O., Ramani, A., Nugroho, B., Hutchins, N. and Busse, A.
(2022)
Impact of spanwise effective slope upon rough-wall turbulent channel flow.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 951,
A1.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2022.823)

Zhdanov, O. , Blatt, M. R. , Zare-Behtash, H. and Busse, A.
(2022)
Unidirectional versus bidirectional brushing: simulating wind influence on Arabidopsis thaliana.
*Quantitative Plant Biology*, 3,
e7.
(doi: 10.1017/qpb.2021.14)

Alves Portela, F., Busse, A. and Sandham, N.D.
(2021)
Numerical study of Fourier-filtered rough surfaces.
*Physical Review Fluids*, 6(8),
084606.
(doi: 10.1103/PhysRevFluids.6.084606)

Zhdanov, O. , Blatt, M. R. , Zare-Behtash, H. and Busse, A.
(2021)
Wind-evoked anemotropism affects the morphology and mechanical properties of Arabidopsis.
*Journal of Experimental Botany*, 72(5),
pp. 1906-1918.
(doi: 10.1093/jxb/eraa541)
(PMID:33206167)

Zhdanov, O. , Green, R. and Busse, A.
(2021)
Experimental investigation of the angle of attack dependence of the flow past a cactus-shaped cylinder with four ribs.
*Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics*, 208,
104400.
(doi: 10.1016/j.jweia.2020.104400)

Zhdanov, O. , Blatt, M. R. , Cammarano, A. , Zare-Behtash, H. and Busse, A.
(2020)
A new perspective on mechanical characterisation of Arabidopsis stems through vibration tests.
*Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials*, 112,
104041.
(doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2020.104041)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Muller, W.-C.
(2020)
Lagrangian statistics for dispersion in magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics*, 125(11),
e2020JA028.
(doi: 10.1029/2020JA028245)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Müller, W.-C.
(2020)
Lagrangian statistics of heat transfer in homogeneous turbulence driven by Boussinesq convection.
*Fluids*, 5(3),
127.
(doi: 10.3390/fluids5030127)

Busse, A. and Jelly, T. O.
(2020)
Influence of surface anisotropy on turbulent flow over irregular roughness.
*Flow, Turbulence and Combustion*, 104,
pp. 331-354.
(doi: 10.1007/s10494-019-00074-4)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Müller, W.-C.
(2020)
Intermittency of many-particle dispersion in anisotropic magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Journal of Physics: Conference Series*, 1620,
012015.
(doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/1620/1/012015)

Jelly, T. O. and Busse, A.
(2019)
Reynolds number dependence of Reynolds and dispersive stresses in turbulent channel
flow past irregular near-Gaussian roughness.
*International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow*, 80,
108485.
(doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2019.108485)

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A.
(2019)
Angle of attack dependence of flow past cactus-inspired cylinders with a low number of ribs.
*European Journal of Mechanics - B/Fluids*, 75,
pp. 244-257.
(doi: 10.1016/j.euromechflu.2018.09.008)

Jelly, T. O. and Busse, A.
(2018)
Reynolds and dispersive shear stress contributions above highly skewed roughness.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 852,
pp. 710-724.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2018.541)

Forooghi, P., Frohnapfel, B., Magagnato, F. and Busse, A.
(2018)
A modified Parametric Forcing Approach for modelling of roughness.
*International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow*, 71,
pp. 200-209.
(doi: 10.1016/j.ijheatfluidflow.2018.03.019)

Thakkar, M., Busse, A. and Sandham, N.D.
(2018)
Direct numerical simulation of turbulent channel flow over a surrogate for Nikuradse-type roughness.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 837,
R1-1.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2017.873)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. , Müller, W.-C., Watkins, N.W. and Chapman, S.C.
(2017)
Extreme-value statistics from Lagrangian convex hull analysis for homogeneous turbulent Boussinesq convection and MHD convection.
*New Journal of Physics*, 19,
065006.
(doi: 10.1088/1367-2630/aa6fe8)

Busse, A. , Thakkar, M. and Sandham, N.
(2017)
Reynolds-number dependence of the near-wall flow over irregular rough surfaces.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 810,
pp. 196-224.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2016.680)

Thakkar, M., Busse, A. and Sandham, N.
(2016)
Surface correlations of hydrodynamic drag for transitionally rough engineering surfaces.
*Journal of Turbulence*, 18(2),
pp. 138-169.
(doi: 10.1080/14685248.2016.1258119)

Busse, A. , Lützner, M. and Sandham, N. D.
(2015)
Direct numerical simulation of turbulent flow over a rough surface based on a surface scan.
*Computers and Fluids*, 116,
pp. 129-147.
(doi: 10.1016/j.compfluid.2015.04.008)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Müller, W.-C.
(2013)
Fluctuation dynamo amplified by intermittent shear bursts
in convectively driven magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Astronomy and Astrophysics*, 557,
A76.
(doi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201321613)

Busse, A. , Sandham, N., McHale, G. and Newton, M.I.
(2013)
Change in drag, apparent slip and optimum air layer thickness for laminar flow over an idealised superhydrophobic surface.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 727,
pp. 488-508.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2013.284)

Busse, A. and Sandham, N.D.
(2012)
Parametric forcing approach to rough wall turbulent channel flow.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 712,
pp. 169-202.
(doi: 10.1017/jfm.2012.408)

Mueller, W.-C., Malapaka, S.K. and Busse, A.
(2012)
Inverse cascade of magnetic helicity in magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Physical Review E*, 85(1),
015302(R).
(doi: 10.1103/PhysRevE.85.015302)

Busse, A. and Sandham, N.
(2012)
Influence of an anisotropic slip-length boundary condition on turbulent channel flow.
*Physics of Fluids*, 24(5),
055111.
(doi: 10.1063/1.4719780)

Busse, A. and Sandham, N.D.
(2011)
Simulation of rough wall turbulent channel flow using a parametric forcing approach.
*Journal of Physics: Conference Series*, 318(2),
022006.
(doi: 10.1088/1742-6596/318/2/022006)

Busse, A. , Mueller, W.-C. and Gogoberidze, G.
(2010)
Lagrangian frequency spectrum as a diagnostic for magnetohydrodynamic turbulence dynamics.
*Physical Review Letters*, 105(23),
p. 235005.
(doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.105.235005)

Busse, A. and Mueller, W.-C.
(2008)
Diffusion and dispersion in magnetohydrodynamic turbulence: the influence of mean magnetic fields.
*Astronomische Nachrichten*, 329,
pp. 714-716.
(doi: 10.1002/asna.200811011)

Arneodo, A. et al.
(2008)
Universal intermittent properties of particle trajectories in highly turbulent flows.
*Physical Review Letters*, 100(25),
p. 254504.
(doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.100.254504)

Busse, A. , Mueller, W.-C., Homann, H. and Grauer, R.
(2007)
Statistics of passive tracers in three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic turbulence.
*Physics of Plasmas*, 14,
122303.
(doi: 10.1063/1.2818770)

Homann, H., Grauer, R., Busse, A. and Mueller, W.-C.
(2007)
Lagrangian statistics of Navier–Stokes and
MHD turbulence.
*Journal of Plasma Physics*, 73(6),
pp. 821-830.
(doi: 10.1017/S0022377807006575)

Busse, A. and Mueller, W.-C.
(2007)
Diffusion and dispersion of passive tracers: Navier-Stokes vs. MHD turbulence.
*Europhysics Letters*, 78(1),
p. 14003.
(doi: 10.1209/0295-5075/78/14003)

## Book Sections

Sarakinos, S. and Busse, A.
(2019)
An algorithm for the generation of biofouled surfaces for applications in marine hydrodynamics.
In: Ferrer, E. and Montlaur, A. (eds.)
*Recent Advances in CFD for Wind and Tidal Offshore Turbines.*
Series: Springer tracts in mechanical engineering.
Springer International Publishing, pp. 61-71.
ISBN 9783030118860
(doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-11887-7_6)

Skandera, D., Busse, A. and Mueller, W.-C.
(2009)
Scaling properties of convective turbulence.
In: Wagner, S. (ed.)
*High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering, Garching/Munich 2007.*
Springer-Verlag: Berlin, Germany, pp. 387-396.
ISBN 9783540691815

## Research Reports or Papers

Jelly, T. O. and Busse, A. (2019) Multi-scale Anisotropic Rough Surface Algorithm: Technical Documentation and User Guide. Technical Report. University of Glasgow. (Unpublished)

Pratt, J., Busse, A. and Mueller, W.C. (2016) A Lagrangian Perspective on Anisotropy in Turbulent Flows. Project Report. Norddeutsche Verbund für Hoch- und Höchstleistungsrechnen (HLRN). (Unpublished)

## Conference or Workshop Item

Busse, A. and Sarakinos, S. (2023) Reynolds Number Dependency of Turbulent Flow Over a Surface Fouled by Barnacles. 13th ERCOFTAC Workshop on Direct and Large Eddy Simulation (DLES'13), Udine, Italy, 26-28 October 2022. (Accepted for Publication)

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A. (2023) Influence of Ridge Spacing on Secondary Currents in Turbulent Channel Flow Over Triangular Ridges. 13th ERCOFTAC Workshop on Direct and Large Eddy Simulation (DLES'13), Udine, Italy, 26-28 October 2022. (Accepted for Publication)

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A. (2022) Reynolds number effects on turbulent flow over pyramid roughness with varied solidity. 75th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Indianapolis, IN, USA, 20-22 Nov 2022.

Busse, A. (2022) Effects of Marine Biofouling on Wall-Bounded Turbulence. Leeds Fluid Dynamics Symposium, Leeds, UK, 22 Jun 2022.

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A. (2022) DNS Investigation of the Influence of Channel Configuration on Rough-wall Turbulence with Secondary Currents. Wall-bounded Turbulence: Beyond Current Boundaries, Cambridge, UK, 28 Mar - 01 Apr 2022.

Pickles, D.J., Zagaglia, D. , Green, R.B. and Busse, A. (2021) The Vortex Ring State of a Shrouded Rotor. 47th European Rotorcraft Forum, 07-09 Sep 2021.

Busse, A. and Jelly, T. O. (2021) Wall-bounded Turbulence Over Highly Positively and Negatively Skewed Roughness. 25th International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, 22-27 Aug 2021.

Jelly, T. , Hutchins, N. and Busse, A. (2019) Impact of Spanwise Effective Slope on Near-wall Turbulence. 72nd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Seattle, WA, USA, 23-26 Nov 2019.

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A. (2019) Do Ribs Help Succulents to Cope With Aerodynamic Loads in Their Natural Environment? 72nd Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Fluid Dynamics, Seattle, WA, USA, 23-26 Nov 2019.

Zhdanov, O. , Busse, A. , Cammarano, A. , Zare-Behtash, H. and Blatt, M. (2019) Effect of Wind on Morphology and Mechanical Properties of Arabidopsis Thaliana. SES 2019 – Society of Engineering Science, 56th Annual Technical Meeting, Washington University, St. Louis, 13-15 October 2019.

Jelly, T. O. and Busse, A. (2018) Impact of Irregular Anisotropic Surface Roughness on the Near-wall Region of Turbulent Channel Flow. 12th International ERCOFTAC Symposium on Engineering Turbulence Modelling and Measurements (ETMM12), Montpellier, France, 26-28 Sep 2018.

Zhdanov, O. , Busse, A. , Blatt, M. and Zare-Behtash, H. (2018) A specialised wind tunnel for investigation of ecophysiological response of plants to wind. 31st Scottish Fluid Mechanics Meeting, Aberdeen, UK, 29 May 2018. (Unpublished)

Sarakinos, S. S. , Jelly, T. O. and Busse, A. (2018) An Algorithm for the Generation of Biofouled Surfaces for Applications in Marine Hydrodynamics. 6th European Conference on Computational Mechanics (ECCM 6) 7th European Conference on Computational Fluid Dynamics (ECFD 7), Glasgow, UK, 11-15 Jun 2018.

Jelly, T. , Sarakinos, S. and Busse, A. (2017) Dependence of Near-wall Flow on the Higher Moments of a Multi-scale Rough Surface. 70th Annual Meeting of the American Physical Society Division of Fluid Dynamics, Denver, CO, USA, 19-21 Nov 2017.

## Conference Proceedings

Busse, A. and Zhdanov, O. (2022) The Structure of Turbulent Channel Flow over Ratchet-Type Roughness. In: 12th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena (TSFP12), Osaka, Japan, 19-22 July 2022,

Zhdanov, O. and Busse, A. (2022) Effects of Frontal and Plan Solidity on Rough-Wall Turbulent Channel Flow Over Pyramid Roughness. In: 12th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena (TSFP12), Osaka, Japan, 19-22 July 2022,

Busse, A. and Zhdanov, O. (2021) Turbulent Channel Flow Over Ratchet-type Roughness. In: 13th International ERCOFTAC symposium on Engineering, Turbulence, Modelling and Measurements (ETMM 13), Rhodes, Greece, 15-17 Sep 2021, p. 148.

Ramani, A., Nugroho, B., Busse, A. , Monty, J. P., Hutchins, N. and Jelly, T. O. (2020) The Effects of Anisotropic Surface Roughness on Turbulent Boundary-Layer Flow. In: 22nd Australasian Fluid Mechanics Conference (AFMC2020), Brisbane, Australia, 7-10 Dec 2020, ISBN 9781742723419 (doi: 10.14264/c251931)

Sarakinos, S. and Busse, A. (2019) Influence of Spatial Distribution of Roughness Elements on Turbulent Flow Past a Biofouled Surface. In: 11th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena (TSFP11), Southampton, UK, 30 Jul - 02 Aug 2019,

Busse, A. , Pratt, J. and Mueller, W.C. (2015) Single- and Multi-Particle Statistics of Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence. In: Dynamics Days Europe, Exeter, England, 6-10 Sep 2015,

Thakkar, M., Busse, A. and Sandham, N.D. (2015) Turbulent Fluid Flow Over Aerodynamically Rough Surfaces Using Direct Numerical Simulations. In: ERCOFTAC WORKSHOP Direct and Large Eddy Simulation 10 (DLES10), Limassol, Cyprus, 27-29 May 2015,

Busse, A. , McHale, G., Newton, M. I. and Sandham, N. D. (2014) Influence of the Air-Layer Flow on Drag Reduction by Superhydrophobic Surfaces. In: EFMC10 - 10th European Fluid Mechanics Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, 14-18 Sep 2014,

Busse, A. and Sandham, N. D. (2013) Turbulent Flow Over Superhydrophobic Surfaces - Roughness Versus Slip. In: 14th European Turbulence Conference, Lyon, France, 01-04 Sep 2013,

Busse, A. , Tyson, C. J., Sandham, N. D. and Luetzner, M. (2013) DNS of Turbulent Channel Flow over Engineering Rough Surfaces. In: 8th International Symposium on Turbulence and Shear Flow Phenomena, Poitiers, France, 28-30 Aug 2013,

Müller, W.-C. and Busse, A. (2007) Recent Developments in the Theory of Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence. In: 6th Annual International Astrophysical Conference, Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii, 16-22 Mar 2007, pp. 52-57. ISBN 9780735404434 (doi: 10.1063/1.2778945)

**Thu Jun 1 05:45:07 2023 BST**.

## Grants

**UK Turbulence Consortium**, EPSRC, 2023-2026, role: Co-I

**EV Battery Novel Thermal Management and Cooling**, Daphne Jackson Trust, 2022-2024, role: Co-I

**Secondary Currents In Turbulent Flows Over Rough Walls**, EPSRC, 2021-2024, role: UofG PI

**Rough-wall turbulence: the Lagrangian view, Leverhulme Trust Research Fellowship**, 2021-22, role: fellowship holder

**Risk EvaLuatIon fAst iNtelligent Tool (RELIANT) for COVID19**, EPSRC, 2020-2022, role: Co-I

**Oil and Gas techniques to assess PPE effectiveness in stopping the spread of COVID-19**, Oil & Gas Technology Centre, 2020, role: Co-I

**Surface-specific Moody diagram: A new paradigm to predict drag penalty of realistic rough surfaces with applications to maritime transport**, EPSRC, role: UofG PI

**Fluid dynamic properties of irregular, multi-scale rough surfaces**, EPSRC, role: PI

**Aerodynamic and aeroelastic aspects of the ecophysiological response of plants to high winds**, Lord Kelvin-Adam Smith Scholarship, University of Glasgow, 2016-2020, role: PI / lead supervisor

## Supervision

**PhD projects**

I have a number of projects to offer to candidates interested in computational fluid mechanics. I can also offer combined numerical and experimental projects co-supervised by colleagues in the Autonomous Systems and Connectivity division who are experts in experimental fluid dynamics.

### PhD scholarships/ funding

The James Watt School of Engineering awards a number of PhD scholarships each year via the school scholarship scheme. Projects are usually advertised in autumn and applications close in late January. Please note that due to the way these scholarships are funded most scholarships will be awarded to UK students and only a small number will be awarded to students from outside of the United Kingdom.

Most international PhD students at the School of Engineering are self-funded, e.g. they supported by schemes offered their home governments.

### Current PhD students

**Nolan**, Craig (1st supervisor; 2nd supervisor: Prof Kontis) Aerodynamics of transport vehicles**Preamsakul, Wasina**(1st supervisor; 2nd supervisor: Dr Vezza) Effects of roughness shape and distribution on performance of aerofoils and hydrofoils

**Latessa**, Pablo Gaston

Application of new entrainment criteria in modeling of infrastructure scour**Morrison**, Rory

Machine Learning for Offshore Wind Turbine Operations and Maintenance

### Past PhD students

**Zhdanov**, Oleksandr (1st supervisor; 2nd supervisors: Prof Blatt, Dr Zare-Behtash) Wind influence on plants: ecophysiological, biomechanical and aerodynamic aspects**Pickles**, David (2nd supervisor; 1st supervisor: Dr Green) A series of experimental investigations into different manifestations of the vortex ring state**Piemsinlapunchon**, Tananop (2nd supervisor; 1st supervisor: Prof Paul) Impact of diversity in syngas/producer gas composition on stable and unstable laminar diffusion flames**Xu**, Yi (2nd supervisor; 1st supervisor: Dr Valyrakis) Investigation of Infrastructure Scour Processes Under a Wide Range of Hydraulic Conditions

## Teaching

Computational Fluid Dynamics (ENG4037) - Course coordinator

Turbulent Flows (ENG5280) - Course coordinator

Supervisison of BEng, MEng, and MSc Individual Projects

## Research datasets

**8**.

## 2022

Zhdanov, O. , Green, R. and Busse, A.
(2022)
*LES and PIV investigation of the flow past a cactus-shaped cylinder with four ribs.*
[Data Collection]

Busse, A. and Zhdanov, O.
(2022)
*Direct numerical simulations of turbulent channel flow over ratchet roughness.*
[Data Collection]

Sarakinos, S. and Busse, A.
(2022)
*Investigation of rough-wall turbulence over barnacle roughness with increasing solidity using direct numerical simulations.*
[Data Collection]

## 2020

Zhdanov, O., Blatt, M. , Cammarano, A. , Zare-Behtash, H. and Busse, A.
(2020)
*Multiple resonant frequency dynamic tests on Arabidopsis stem segments.*
[Data Collection]

## 2019

Jelly, T. and Busse, A.
(2019)
*Reynolds number dependence of Reynolds and dispersive stresses in turbulent channel
flow past irregular near-Gaussian roughness.*
[Data Collection]

Busse, A. and Jelly, T.
(2019)
*Influence of surface anisotropy on turbulent flow over irregular roughness.*
[Data Collection]

## 2018

Busse, A. and Jelly, T.
(2018)
*Reynolds and dispersive shear stress contributions above highly skewed roughness.*
[Data Collection]

## 2016

Busse, A. , Thakkar, M. and Sandham, N. D.
(2016)
*Reynolds number dependence of the near-wall flow over irregular rough surfaces.*
[Data Collection]

**Thu Jun 1 05:45:08 2023 BST**.