3.1 Roles and Responsibilities
3.2. Management, Preparation and Oversight
3.3. Local Positioning (Grand-parenting)
3.4 PDR Hierarchy
3.5 Alignment of Objectives
3.6 Measurement and Performance Monitoring
3.7 Job Families, Role Profiles and Job Descriptions
Performance and Development Review (PDR) is a University wide process to support staff in maximising their contribution and furthering their development. The three primary components of PDR are performance review, the setting of aligned objectives, and planning for relevant professional and career development. PDR is a joint process, with the line manager/reviewer supporting and guiding staff to define and achieve their objectives and progress towards appropriate professional development ambitions. Whilst, PDR can inform other processes where relevant, e.g. Academic Promotion, etc. it is widely recognised that a meaningful PDR discussion is of significant importance and value to every member of staff and their respective line manager.
This paper outlines the University's new framework for performance, aligned to the overall performance cycle.
2. Annual Cycle 2018 - 2019
Online PDR forms available
July 2018 – 30 June 2019
July – 30 September 2019
(no extensions will be given)
3. The Process
3.1 Roles and Responsibilities
The Principal, VP/Heads of College and the Chief Operating Officer are responsible for ensuring compliance with the University’s PDR Process & Guiding Principles. This includes setting strategic objectives aligned with University strategy, determining the standards required and identifying/agreeing associated developmental plans. Further, they are each responsible for ensuring that line managers/reviewers are fully aware and apply a consistent approach across the University.
Prior to the commencement of the PDR cycle, it will be the responsibility of the Principal, VP/Heads of College and the Chief Operating Officer, in discussion with Heads of Units and local Heads of HR to produce a clear hierarchy of reviewers/reviewees. It is understood that the hierarchy may require modification as the cycle progresses and staff may leave or join.
3.2. Management, Preparation and Oversight
VP/Heads of College and the Chief Operating Officer for University Services are responsible for the integrity of the process and ensuring that a robust and consistent approach is taken. In advance of the PDR round, each VP/Head of College and the Chief Operating Officer will outline their expectations in relation to the assessed performance levels. These will be informed by the relevant professorial zone descriptors/academic promotion criteria and job family role profiles and job descriptions.
It is essential that not only is the process fair and transparent, it must be perceived to be so by reviewees.
Reviewers should have discussions with their line-managers on determining unitary and university priorities to be reflected in individual/team objectives in advance of the annual PDR exercise. This will involve a level of agreement on the proposed percentage distribution of outcomes across Colleges and University Services in advance of the exercise and may include an indication, without prejudice, of anticipated review outcomes.
It is essential for each reviewer to engage in discussion with their respective line manager on proposed assessment outcomes prior to communicating final PDR outcomes to reviewees. The aim therefore is to ensure that any significant variance from the agreed average distribution can be justified in terms of comparative analysis between cognate units and the overall performance of the School/RI/Service against University, local strategies and KPIs.
It is incumbent on local management to ensure the process and assessment is genuinely fair, consistent and defendable before PDR outcomes are confirmed to staff. Devolving accountability to reviewers/local line management, coupled with the ‘grand-parenting approach’ outlined below, will assist in enhancing consistency and minimise the need for moderation of assessment across the University. HR teams will assist in facilitating discussions at a local level with a view to maximising consistency of approach.
3.3 Local Positioning (Grand-parenting)
The ‘grand-parenting’ approach provides an unbiased view and enables some calibration in terms of balanced and equitable objective setting and fair performance assessment across different units/reviewers. The grand-parenting concept relies upon the Head of Unit acting as the ‘grandparent’ reviewer for staff within their unit, with immediate responsibility for their direct reports. In this capacity, each Head of Unit will require to discuss potential outcomes and common objectives to be cascaded prior to the PDR round commencing. This will also necessitate a review of those participating as reviewers throughout the PDR hierarchy.
Each Head of Unit will require to engage in discussion with those within their immediate span of responsibility, through the PDR hierarchy as agreed prior to the round commencing, on objective setting priorities and associated sharing of team/individual objectives. Further, this will involve a level of agreement on the proposed percentage distribution of outcomes across each unit (School/RI/Service) in advance of the exercise and may include an indication, without prejudice, of anticipated review outcomes.
The process outlined above will be replicated throughout the PDR hierarchy encompassing all staff within each unit reflecting a consistency of approach in objective setting and distribution of performance assessment outcomes.
Each Head of Unit can expect and maybe required to discuss and defend the performance profile of their unit with their line manager beyond the exercise in accordance with the overall performance of the Unit. This will be a key metric and performance component of their role as a reviewer/line manager.
3.4 PDR Hierarchy
Line managers are ultimately responsible for ensuring that reviews take place. Implementation will be through the agreed PDR hierarchy, which will ideally, although it may not always be possible, reflect the line management structure, at Unit level. Units should work to ensure that: there are a sufficient number of trained and competent reviewers; each reviewer should conduct a sufficient number of reviews to be able to recognise differences in performance levels to ensure a consistent approach, whilst maintaining a manageable load. Ideally, each reviewer should conduct no more than a maximum of 12 reviews. Where not acting as reviewers, line managers are responsible for ensuring that nominated reviewers have access to relevant information to carry out the review.
3.5 Alignment of Objectives
To ensure the activity of individual staff is aligned to the needs of the University, it is vital that the University defines and communicates its plans appropriately. The University has defined its priorities in the strategy, Inspiring People, Changing The World supported by College, School/RI and Service strategic plans. This document is the key reference point for senior managers in determining School/RI or Service plans and to help establish the desired outcomes required by each area to ensure delivery of these objectives.
The development and communication of these local plans is instrumental to the successful application of the PDR process; translating our high level strategic objectives into deliverables that are relevant at an operational level and enable staff to understand their potential contribution to the overall purpose of the University. The creation of these local plans will typically include information relating to staff and the associated skills required to ensure these plans are achievable. It is the role of managers, reviewers and supervisors to ensure this translation from strategic aims to shorter-term tangible deliverables and milestones are effectively communicated in ensuring individual performance plans and objectives are relevant, appropriate and aligned with University ambitions.
3.6 Measurement and Performance Monitoring
To support the delivery of the University Strategic Plan, the University is piloting the use of Planning Dashboards which incorporate College/School/RI/Service KPIs. This tool will enable the University to monitor progress at a strategic level and identify areas of concern. These will also provide a strategic focus for senior managers to cascade this information and the development of School/RI/Service plans in providing clarity on focus.
It is anticipated that CMGs/USLT will develop supporting operational information and systems that enable proactive management of day-to-day activities as well as providing key performance indicators to monitor progress against the desired strategic outcomes.
For Colleges/Schools this may include:
- Undergraduate satisfaction (NSS)
- Assessment and feedback (NSS)
- International FTE
- PGR: Staff Ratio
- Research output quality
- Research income per staff FTE
- Entry tariff
Sound business and management information is a vital component in informing the focus of performance management discussions to enable a tangible assessment of performance, aligned with the delivery of objectives.
3.7 Job Families, Role Profiles and Job Descriptions
A critical component of the University’s PDR Framework is to ensure that reviews are completed with reference to the appropriate Job Family Role Profile and job description of each staff member. The former provides an outline of the expectations of the role whilst the job description articulates the duties for which the staff member is responsible. The PDR review is also an ideal time to review the Job Description for accuracy and to record any changes which may have occurred.
The job family structure provides a clear and concise indication of general expectations at each grade level and facilitates a consistent and transparent approach to:
- Job grading
- Performance management and development
- Review and evaluation
- Reward and recognition
- Staff development
- Career planning and progression
Role profiles and job descriptions, coupled with the cascading of University objectives, enable objectives/performance standards and development plans to be agreed at an individual and team level, and offer clarity to both line managers and role holders as to expectations relating to ownership of accountabilities and key areas of responsibility.
4. The Review Meeting
The PDR meeting is a face-to-face, two-way discussion between a staff member and their reviewer. The review discussion will essentially focus upon a number of aspects:
- review of the past year, with reference to any relevant documentation
- performance during the review period, in relation to duties, responsibilities, accountabilities, achievement of objectives/performance standards and display of appropriate behaviours/values
- update on progress and delivery of agreed objectives in year
- areas of excellence including contribution to team performance
- areas of performance that could be improved
- factors that influenced performance
- feedback from others, where appropriate
- personal development activities undertaken in the past year
- identify development plans for the forthcoming year, and
- objective setting/performance standards for the forthcoming year.
Objective deadlines should be set in the context of local strategic requirements and therefore may extend beyond the review period. In this case, milestones may be established within the review period.
The review process should flag individual staff and organisational needs to the reviewer, and if appropriate onwards to the line manager (where different) such as workload distribution, job satisfaction, opportunity for challenge, growth and skill enhancement.
The formal review meeting provides the ideal forum for discussion of future plans including career development, long term aspirations or potential retirement, where relevant. Where an employee indicates they are considering retirement, more detailed discussion can take place around future intentions. Further guidance can be found in the University’s Retirement Guidance.
It is appropriate to provide the opportunity for all staff to discuss their future career intentions, including desire and readiness for promotion regardless of career stage.
5. Inclusions and Exemptions
The following groups of staff are fully exempt from the PDR process:
- Those on a NHS clinical academic pay scale;
- Those who are on a contract less than 0.2FTE;
- Those who are on leave for the entire review period.
The following staff are required to set objectives only:
- Individuals who started on or after 1 January 2019;
- Individuals who increased their hours to greater than 0.2 fte after 1 January 2019
Early Career Development Programme & Academic Probation
Early Career Development Programme and Academic Probation participants should follow the standard process in place for all academics.
Where there has been a significant period of absence within the PDR year, i.e. long-term sick leave, maternity/paternity leave, research leave, etc., such staff may be exempt from participating in the PDR process, with exemptions permitted by local HR. However, if exempt, objectives and development plans will require to be refreshed and updated on the staff member’s return to work to enable future engagement in the process.
Where a staff member is due to leave the University during the annual review period there will be no formal end of year assessment, however, regular informal review meetings should take place between the line manager and the staff member in accordance with operational needs.
Please refer to your local HR team should you have any queries regarding staff who may be exempt from the process.
6. The Development Plan
A key outcome of the review meeting for all staff should be a development plan aligned with the goals and objectives of the staff member and the University. It will take into account existing knowledge and skills, the role and future development needs.
The plan may include:
- areas of development;
- how they will be achieved (e.g. support; workshops; on-the-job training; coaching; mentoring) and
- how progress will be monitored.
The following might be considered when preparing the plan:
- general performance against objectives;
- new skill requirements or interests;
- potential ways to gain new knowledge;
- short-term and long-term career ambitions and plans;
- the ways in which development could improve performance;
- scope for development within current role.
Although reviewees are primarily responsible for determining and progressing their own plan and its implementation, reviewers should provide encouragement, guidance and support with this process. Applied fairly and consistently the process should reflect Equality and Diversity policies, focusing on individual performance, based on merit alone, cognisant of all equality implications.
The University’s Athena Swan Action Plan encourages staff to discuss a development plan with their Head of School/Director of Research Institute or Head of Service to facilitate their future potential for promotion/career development. Women typically spend longer at the same grade before being promoted than men: this is particularly pronounced at the Grade 9/10 promotion point. In the case of staff performing strongly at Grade 9 who have been at this grade for more than seven years, reviewers are encouraged to explore with them in the context of their development objectives for the forthcoming year any actions, support or interventions that might initiate or further prepare an effective case for promotion in the future.
7. Performance Outcomes
The full PDR process should be undertaken openly and transparently. Reviewers should make an informed decision on the overall performance assessment descriptor that most appropriately describes the level of performance.
Performance outcomes will be informed by general contribution, achievement of in-year objectives and overall performance in the post.
Reference to Job Description, Job Family role profiles, academic promotion criteria, professorial zone descriptors and Russell Group Benchmark data should assist in informing decision making processes with regard to performance assessment outcomes at both team and individual levels. Further, assessment against agreed timescales, standards, and anticipated impact will be critical in making an accurate assessment.
The performance summary should be supported by a performance outcome based on the following indicators and descriptions. The descriptors are critical in ensuring that PDR outcomes are applied in a fair and consistent fashion.
Consistently exceeds expectations relative to role/grade, as evidenced by delivery against objectives to an exceptional standard. In addition, the staff member may have significantly contributed to activities outside the normal scope of their role and/or successfully overcome particular challenges.
Overall performance in the role is strong, demonstrated through strong delivery of objectives and progress against development plans. Performance has been within the normal requirements of the role with some elements above expectations.
Overall performance in the role is variable and some key objectives may not have been delivered to the required standard. Expectations are met in some, but not all essential areas of responsibility and further development is required.
Improved Performance Required (IPR)
Performance is significantly below expectations of the role. Insufficient progress has been made towards the achievement of objectives and standards and demonstrates areas of repeated inconsistent performance or where significant improvement and/or personal development is required.
It is anticipated that the ‘Strong Contribution’ outcome will be applicable to a large proportion of staff. At all outcome levels it is expected that the reviewer, through quality dialogue with each reviewee, will provide sound and constructive feedback relating to progress, level of performance and development needs.
It is important that the reviewer discusses, recognises and documents where each reviewee has fully met the requirements for the role and level, demonstrated through the achievement of desired outcomes and objectives. This assessment should recognise areas where the reviewee has demonstrated over-achievement indicative of exceptional performance, by the fact that some objectives may have been delivered to a standard over and above those expected for the role and level, as well as areas where potential improvements could be made.
An IPR outcome can normally only be applicable where a staff member has previously been involved in discussion about their level of performance. This may have involved local HR support and:
- a previous discussion between the line manager and a reviewee as part of the normal management feedback processes (one-to-one meetings) or a previous inconsistent performance assessment
- objectives having been set for the required areas of performance improvement with a jointly agreed plan to implement these plans
- the reviewee having been given a realistic opportunity to have made some impact upon the required improvement objectives.
In all cases, visible evidence of documented under-performance resulting in an Inconsistent Performance or IPR outcome must be provided and a record kept of this along with records of all meetings and a copy of the agreed performance improvement plan (and any updates).
The criteria outlined above should be carefully followed where the level of performance justifies an IPR outcome.
On completion of the annual exercise with performance assessment outcomes applied, each School/RI/Service should review the distribution of these outcomes to ensure consistency and appropriateness.
Factors that should be considered in this review are:
- Evidence and justification against the defined expectations of the role
- Diversity review. Have any staff been directly or indirectly disadvantaged due to factors such as gender, ethnic background, age, religious belief, disability, sexual orientation, part-time working or trade union activity.
This review should be completed before submitting to the VP/Head of College or Chief Operating Officer for final agreement.
It is important to emphasise that all PDR indicators above refer to consistent performance throughout the whole year. The fact that a staff member may have delivered one good project in a year or developed a single improvement would not normally justify a performance assessment consistent with an ‘Exceptional Contribution’ outcome and may merely indicate performance aligned with normal expectations of the role. The assessment must reflect the evidence available and must be consistent with the agreed expectation for the role and the objectives set.
It is anticipated that an ‘Exceptional Contribution’ outcome will only be applicable in the case of truly exceptional performance (if the process is being applied appropriately and fairly). Such cases will be the subject of scrutiny at College and University Services level which may require further justification and evidence to support such an assessment.
The PDR process of regular reviews, which support day-to-day communications, should seek to ensure that any potential difference of opinion may be resolved informally and quickly so that the end of year assessment comes as no surprise to the role holder.
8. Rewarding Contribution
The PDR process recognises those who have made an Exceptional contribution with a monetary reward:
- Grade 10: awards will be consolidated into base salary (allowances will not be reviewed at this time);
- Grades 1-9: an Exceptional rating will automatically result in a non-consolidated award however in a very small number of cases and following discussion and agreement with the Head of School/RI/Service, the Reviewer/Line Manager may wish to nominate the staff member for a contribution point in which case, this should be indicated via the CoreHR PDR module by selecting the drop-down option of ‘consolidated increment’. Exceptionally, where there is an overwhelming case to recognise a staff member who has been assessed as having been ‘Strong’ over an extended number of years and where the case has been discussed and agreed with the Head of School/RI/Service, this should be indicated by selecting one of the two drop-down options of either ‘one-off payment’ or ‘consolidated increment’. Please note that where a consolidated increment is to be applied, this will require approval from the VP/Head of College/DCPS or, in the case of University Services, the Chief Operating Officer See Rewarding Contribution Policy for full details.
All Other Staff
Allocation of Reward Budget
PDR Review Period
July - September 2019
Principal’s Board of Review
Board of Review Outcomes
By 30th November 2019
10. Equality & Diversity
The Performance Development Review process will operate fairly and consistently reflecting the University’s Equality and Diversity policies. It will primarily focus on reviewing individual performance in the past year, based on merit alone, taking into consideration the development needs of the reviewee for the forthcoming year, reflecting the University’s strategic goals in objective setting and addressing any skills gap. Further information is available here – Equality & Diversity.
11. Data Protection
All PDR forms and associated documentation will be treated in the strictest confidence by all participants in the process. Where reward decisions are to be made, members of the sub group established from CMG/PSG will not be permitted to discuss applications or outcomes, unless for advice on a procedural matter.