Professor Ruth Dukes
- Professor of Labour Law (Law)
Ruth Dukes is Professor of Labour Law, and Principal Investigator on the European Research Council-funded project Work on Demand: Contracting for Work in a Changing Economy. She joined the University of Glasgow in 2005 and holds degrees from the University of Edinburgh (LLB), the Humboldt University in Berlin (LLM with distinction), and the London School of Economics (PhD).
Professor Dukes is a member of the Young Academy of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, the Executive Committee of the Institute of Employment Rights, the Project Board of the Jimmy Reid Foundation, and the Editorial Board of the Spanish Labour Law and Employment Relations Journal. In 2011/12 she was an Early Career Fellow of the Arts and Humanities Research Council, and a MacCormick Fellow at the University of Edinburgh. In 2020 she will visit the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies and sit on the International Scientific Committee of the Labour Law Research Network.
Dukes has published numerous articles, book chapters, case notes and reports addressing questions of labour law and labour history – among them, the article 'Otto Kahn-Freund and Collective Laissez-Faire: an Edifice without a Keystone?’, winner of the Modern Law Review’s Wedderburn Prize 2009. Her 2014 monograph, The Labour Constitution: the Enduring Idea of Labour Law (OUP) was widely reviewed: (79(4) Modern Law Review; 45(1) Industrial Law Journal; 19(3) Edinburgh Law Review; 37(1) Historical Studies in Industrial Relations; 17(4) European Journal of Social Security; 10 Revue de droit du travail) and formed the subject of a Symposium in the 2018 volume of Jurisprudence. Several of her publications are available here.
Ruth Dukes’ research interests lie in the field of labour law, particularly collective labour law, and theories and systems of worker representation. She has published widely on trade union law, theories of labour law, employee information and consultation, and British, German and European labour history. She is known in particular for her work on the ‘founding fathers’ of the discipline of labour law: Hugo Sinzheimer, Otto Kahn-Freund, and Lord Wedderburn.
Ruth currently holds a five year grant from the European Research Council to investigate Work on Demand: Contracting for Work in a Changing Economy. Leading a team of doctoral and postdoctoral researchers, Ruth seeks to analyse the ever-evolving nature of contracts and contracting behaviour in the world of work – not only contracts of employment, but also those of casual, ‘zero-hours’, and self-employed workers. For further information and publications see: https://workondemand.co.uk/
In collaboration with Wolfgang Streeck at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies in Cologne, Ruth is working on a related project, Social Norms and Legal Norms at Work. Dukes and Streeck explore the relationship between informal norms of industrial justice, as generated by workers in occupational communities, and formal norms in labour law.
In 2014, a 5-year research project partly funded by the AHRC resulted in publication of The Labour Constitution: the Enduring Idea of Labour Law (Series: Oxford Monographs on Labour Law, OUP 2014). The project was conceived as a contribution to scholarly debates on the so-called crisis in labour law. Building on earlier work on the scholarship of Kahn-Freund and Sinzheimer, and combining historical, legal and socio-legal analysis, it sought to make the case for the continued relevance of foundational texts to the study of labour law today. In the course of doing so, it provided original accounts of the history of labour law and industrial relations in Germany, the UK, and the European Union, and an extended analysis of different approaches to study of the field.
The Labour Constitution: The Enduring Idea of Labour Law
Runner-up of the SLSA Socio-Legal Theory and History Prize 2016
Read the Reviews and Awards of the book on the OUP webpages
Dukes, R. and Streeck, W. (2020) Labour constitutions and occupational communities: social norms and legal norms at work. Journal of Law and Society, (Accepted for Publication)
Dukes, R. (2014) The Labour Constitution: The Enduring Idea of Labour Law. Series: Oxford monographs on labour law. Oxford University Press: Oxford. ISBN 9780199601691
Dukes, R. (2009) Otto Kahn-Freund and collective Laissez-Faire: an edifice without a keystone? Modern Law Review, 72(2), pp. 220-246. (doi: 10.1111/j.1468-2230.2009.00741.x)
Professor Dukes has been awarded the following grants:
Professor Ruth Dukes was awarded €1.42 million from the European Research Council to finance a major five-year project: Work on Demand: Contracting for Work in a Changing Economy (WorkOD).
Dr Ruth Dukes was awarded £1500 from the John Robertson Bequest to finance a one day Conference on Labour Law and Labour Markets: New Methodologies.
Dr Ruth Dukes was awarded £2500 from the Adam Smith Research Foundation to finance a one day Conference on Labour Law and Labour Markets: New Methodologies.
Dr Ruth Dukes and Professor Emilios Christodoulidis were awarded £2000 from Social & Legal Studies to help finance a series of seminars on the topic of Social Rights and Markets
Dr Ruth Dukes and Professors Alan Bogg (Oxford) and Tonia Novitz (Bristol) were awarded £3575 from the Modern Law Review to finance a one day conference in celebration of the scholarship of Bob Simpson, The Changing Face of Collective Labour Law.
Dr Ruth Dukes was awarded a £65,675 Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC) Fellowship in 2011 for research on the Constitutional Function of Labour Law.
Dr Ruth Dukes and Prof Emilios Christodoulidis were awarded a grant of £4,000 by the Modern Law Review to finance a series of seminars on the topic of ‘Constitutionalising Employment Relations’ with papers from Harry Arthurs, Alain Supiot and Gunther Teubner.
Dr Ruth Dukes was awarded £1500 from the Industrial Law Society to sponsor a plenary session at the Critical Legal Studies Conference, with papers from Karl Klare and Keith Ewing.
Research students under supervision
Aude Cefaliello - 'Towards an Improvement of the Occupational Health and Safety Legal Framework in the European Union'
Catherine Forde - 'An examination of employment rights through the lens of the 'zero-hour' contract - rights versus reality' (LLM by Research)
Mairin Macleod - 'Leverage campaigning in the UK and the Trade Uniion Act 2016' (LLM by Research)
Beril Taskin Kapusuzoglu - 'Regulating the Regulators'