Places and health
Our Places and health programme studies the ways in which people and places interact to affect health. There is a long history of research which shows that while 'who you are' is really important for determining your chances of good health, 'where you are' also matters. A lot of research has shown that characteristics of the 'neighbourhood' seem to affect health and health inequalities.
In theory, we could use the neighbourhood environment as a lever to protect and improve health and reduce inequality - if we create the right kind of neighbourhood, we might reap public health benefits.
Our programme aims to develop our understanding of which aspects of neighbourhood environment matter most for health and how effective place-based interventions are.
We work closely with other Unit programmes on a variety of projects, for example the NIHR Global Health Research Group on Social Policy and Health Inequalities (SPHI). We are also active members of inter-University research groups and centres, including the Centre for Research on Environment Society and Health (CRESH) and the Centre for Sustainable, Healthy and Learning Cities and Neighbourhoods (SHLC).
Curl, A. , Kearns, A. , Mason, P. , Egan, M., Tannahill, C. and Ellaway, A. (2015) Physical and mental health outcomes following housing improvements: evidence from the GoWell Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 69(1), pp. 12-19. (doi: 10.1136/jech-2014-204064) (PMID:25205160)
Angelopoulos, K. , Lazarakis, S., Mancy, R. and Schroeder, M. (2021) Briefing Note: Medium-run wealth inequality following COVID-19. Other. University of Glasgow and Lancaster University.
Barry, S.J.E. , Marryat, L., Thompson, L. , Ellaway, A. , White, J., McClung, M. and Wilson, P. (2015) Mapping area variability in social and behavioural difficulties among Glasgow pre-schoolers: linkage of a survey of pre-school staff with routine monitoring data. Child: Care, Health and Development, 41(6), pp. 853-864. (doi: 10.1111/cch.12237) (PMID:25707313)
Angelopoulos, K. , Lazarakis, S., Mancy, R. and Schroeder, M. (2020) Briefing Note: Post-pandemic mortality dynamics: historical city-level evidence. Other. University of Glasgow and Lancaster University.
Levin, K.A., Nicholls, N. , Macdonald, S., Dundas, R. and Douglas, G.V.A. (2015) Geographic and socioeconomic variations in adolescent toothbrushing: a multilevel cross-sectional study of 15 year olds in Scotland. Journal of Public Health, 37(1), pp. 107-115. (doi: 10.1093/pubmed/fdu034) (PMID:24917568) (PMCID:PMC4699261)
Agrawal, U. et al. (2022) Severe COVID-19 outcomes after full vaccination of primary schedule and initial boosters: pooled analysis of national prospective cohort studies of 30 million individuals in England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. Lancet, 400(10360), pp. 1305-1320. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(22)01656-7) (PMID:36244382) (PMCID:PMC9560746)
Manderbacka, K., Satokangas, M., Arffman, M., Reissell, E., Keskimäki, I. and Leyland, A. H. (2022) Explaining regional variation in elective hip and knee arthroplasties in Finland 2010 − 2017—a register-based cohort study. BMC Health Services Research, 22, 891. (doi: 10.1186/s12913-022-08305-7) (PMID:35810302) (PMCID:PMC9270793)
Lee, E.‑Y. et al. (2022) Play, Learn, and Teach Outdoors—Network (PLaTO-Net): terminology, taxonomy, and ontology. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 19, 66. (doi: 10.1186/s12966-022-01294-0) (PMID:35701784) (PMCID:PMC9199154)
Caryl, F. M. , Pearce, J., Reid, G., Mitchell, R. and Shortt, N. K. (2021) Simulating the density reduction and equity impact of potential tobacco retail control policies. Tobacco Control, 30(e2), e138-e143. (doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2020-056002) (PMID:33148694) (PMCID:PMC7612095)
Olsen, J. R. , Leung, K. Y.K., Nicholls, N. and Loo, B. P.Y. (2021) Do neighbourhood characteristics matter in understanding school children’s active lifestyles? a cross-region multi-city comparison of Glasgow, Edinburgh and Hong Kong. Children's Geographies, 19(4), pp. 488-504. (doi: 10.1080/14733285.2020.1828826) (PMID:34790065) (PMCID:PMC7611993)
Olsen, J. R. , Nicholls, N. and Mitchell, R. (2019) Are urban landscapes associated with reported life satisfaction and inequalities in life satisfaction at the city level? A cross-sectional study of 66 European cities. Social Science and Medicine, 226, pp. 263-274. (doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.03.009) (PMID:30898372) (PMCID:PMC6481515)
Young, R. , Sweeting, H. and Ellaway, A. (2011) Do schools differ in suicide risk? The influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils. BMC Public Health, 11(874), (doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-11-874)
McCrorie, P. , Olsen, J. R. , Caryl, F. M. , Nicholls, N. and Mitchell, R. (2021) Neighbourhood natural space and the narrowing of socioeconomic inequality in children’s social, emotional, and behavioural wellbeing. Wellbeing, Space and Society, 2, 100051. (doi: 10.1016/j.wss.2021.100051) (PMID:35712674) (PMCID:PMC9099293)
Kocarnik, J. M. et al. (2022) Cancer incidence, mortality, years of life lost, years lived with disability, and disability-adjusted life years for 29 cancer groups from 2010 to 2019. JAMA Oncology, 8(3), pp. 420-444. (doi: 10.1001/jamaoncol.2021.6987) (PMID:34967848) (PMCID:PMC8719276)
Shenderovich, Y., Sacolo-Gwebu, H., Fang, Z., Lachman, J. , Cluver, L. and Ward, C. (2023) Adaptations and staff experiences in delivering parenting programmes and other family support services in three community-based organisations in Cape Town, South Africa during the COVID pandemic. Global Public Health, (doi: 10.1080/17441692.2022.2129725) (PMID:36342401) (Early Online Publication)
Newbold, K. B., Watson, S. and Ellaway, A. (2014) Emigration of Scottish steelworkers to Canada: impacts on social networks. Population, Space and Place, (doi: 10.1002/psp.1852)
Shah, S. A. et al. (2022) Impact on emergency and elective hospital-based care in Scotland over the first 12 months of the pandemic: interrupted time-series analysis of national lockdowns. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 115(11), pp. 429-438. (doi: 10.1177/01410768221095239) (PMID:35502909) (PMCID:PMC9723811)
Olsen, J. and Mitchell, R. (2021) S&SR Environment and Spaces Group Report: COVID-19 Green and Open Space Use in Autumn 2020. Project Report. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow. (doi: 10.36399/gla.pubs.234770).
McMonagle, C., Brown, D. , Reeve, R. and Mancy, R. (2022) Trends in the diversity of mortality causes and age-standardised mortality rates among subpopulations within Scotland, 2001-2019. SSM - Population Health, 19, 101192. (doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2022.101192) (PMID:36039349) (PMCID:PMC9418986)
Mitchell, K. , Lewis, R. , O'Sullivan, L. F. and Fortenberry, J. D. (2021) What is sexual wellbeing, and why does it matter for public health? Lancet Public Health, 6(8), e608-e613. (doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(21)00099-2) (PMID:34166629)
Molaodi, O.R., Leyland, A.H., Ellaway, A., Kearns, A. and Harding, S. (2012) Neighbourhood food and physical activity environments in England, UK: does ethnic density matter? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9(75), (doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-9-75)
Nightingale, C. M. et al. (2019) The effect of moving to East Village, the former London 2012 Olympic and Paralympic Games Athletes' Village, on physical activity and adiposity (ENABLE London): a cohort study. Lancet Public Health, 4(8), e421-e430. (doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(19)30133-1) (PMID:31345752) (PMCID:PMC6669308)
Olsen, J. and Mitchell, R. (2021) S&SR Environment and Spaces Group - COVID-19 Green and Open Space Use in Spring 2021 (Wave 3): Priorities for post-pandemic recovery. Project Report. University of Glasgow, Glasgow. (doi: 10.36399/gla.pubs.246702).
Smith, M., Hawley, G., Mackay, L., Hosking, J., Mackie, H., Ikeda, E., Egli, V., Ellaway, A. and Witten, K. (2020) Impact of changing road infrastructure on children’s active travel: A multi-methods study from Auckland, New Zealand. Journal of Transport and Health, 18, 100868. (doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2020.100868)
Nicholls, N. , Caryl, F. , Olsen, J. R. and Mitchell, R. (2022) Neighbourhood natural space and the narrowing of socioeconomic inequality in years of life lost: a cross-sectional ecological analysis of the Scottish Burden of Disease. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 76(12), pp. 976-983. (doi: 10.1136/jech-2022-219111) (PMID:36253097) (PMCID:PMC9664125)
Olsen, J. R. , Nicholls, N. , Panter, J., Burnett, H., Tornow, M. and Mitchell, R. (2022) Trends and inequalities in distance to and use of nearest natural space in the context of the 20-minute neighbourhood: a 4-wave national repeat cross-sectional study, 2013 to 2019. Environmental Research, 213, 113610. (doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2022.113610) (PMID:35690087)
Ellaway, A. (2014) The impact of the local social and physical local environment on wellbeing. In: Burton, E., Cooper, R. and Cooper, C. L. (eds.) Wellbeing and the Environment. Series: Wellbeing: A Complete Reference Guide (2). Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 51-68. ISBN 9781118608371 (doi: 10.1002/9781118539415.wbwell057)
Olsen, J. R. , Caryl, F. M. , McCrorie, P. and Mitchell, R. (2022) Socioeconomic inequality in Scottish children's exposure to and use of natural space and private gardens, measured by GPS. Landscape and Urban Planning, 223, 104425. (doi: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2022.104425)
Olsen, J. R. , Mitchell, R. , McCrorie, P. and Ellaway, A. (2019) Children's mobility and environmental exposures in urban landscapes: a cross-sectional study of 10–11 year old Scottish children. Social Science and Medicine, 224, pp. 11-22. (doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2019.01.047) (PMID:30735924) (PMCID:PMC6411928)
Olsen, J. , Thornton, L., Tregonning, G. and Mitchell, R. (2022) Nationwide equity assessment of the 20-minute neighbourhood in the Scottish context: a socio-spatial proximity analysis of residential locations. Social Science and Medicine, 315, 115502. (doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2022.115502) (PMID:36368061)
Alkhatib, A. M., Olsen, J. R. and Mitchell, R. (2021) Contextual influences on chronic illness: a multi-level analysis in the twin cities of Ramallah and Al Bireh in the occupied Palestinian Territory. Health and Place, 72, 102677. (doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102677) (PMID:34592679) (PMCID:PMC8633762)
Schroeder, M. , Lazarakis, S., Mancy, R. and Angelopoulos, K. (2021) How Do Pandemics End? Two Decades of Recurrent Outbreak Risk Following the Main Waves. Working Paper. CESifo, Munich.
Luo, W., Yao, J. , Mitchell, R. , Zhang, X. and Li, W. (2022) Locating emergency medical services to reduce urban-rural inequalities. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 84, 101416. (doi: 10.1016/j.seps.2022.101416)
Burnett, H., Olsen, J. R. , Nicholls, N. and Mitchell, R. (2021) Change in time spent visiting and experiences of green space following restrictions on movement during the COVID-19 pandemic: a nationally representative cross-sectional study of UK adults. BMJ Open, 11(3), e044067. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044067) (PMID:34006030) (PMCID:PMC7942249)
Picascia, S. and Mitchell, R. (2022) Social integration as a determinant of inequalities in green space usage: insights from a theoretical agent-based model. Health and Place, 73, 102729. (doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102729) (PMID:34902695) (PMCID:PMC8826000)
Kopasker, D. , Ejebu, O.-Z., Norwood, P. and Ludbrook, A. (2022) Longitudinal study of the effects of price and promotion incentives on purchases of unhealthy foods: evidence for restricting food promotions. BMJ Nutrition, Prevention and Health, 5(1), pp. 62-71. (doi: 10.1136/bmjnph-2021-000323) (PMID:35814721) (PMCID:PMC9237875)
McCrorie, P. , Martin, A. and Janssen, X. (2020) Physical activity guidelines and recommendations. In: Brusseau, T. A., Fairclough, S. J. and Lubans, D. R. (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Youth Physical Activity. Routledge: New York, NY, pp. 69-100. ISBN 9781138331549 (doi: 10.4324/9781003026426-5)
Olsen, J. R. , Mitchell, R. , Mackay, D. F. , Humphreys, D. K. and Ogilvie, D. (2016) The effects of new urban motorway infrastructure on road traffic accidents in the local area: a retrospective longitudinal study in Scotland. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 70(11), pp. 1088-1095. (doi: 10.1136/jech-2016-207378) (PMID:27279082)
Ellaway, A. , Macdonald, S., Macdonald, L. and Nicholls, N. (2014) Context Briefing 3: Changes over time in the provision of amenities and facilities. Other. GoWell, Glasgow.
Walsh, D. , Dundas, R. , McCartney, G. , Gibson, M. and Seaman, R. (2022) Bearing the burden of austerity: how do changing mortality rates in the UK compare between men and women? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 76(12), pp. 1027-1033. (doi: 10.1136/jech-2022-219645) (PMID:36195463) (PMCID:PMC9664129)
Hayball, F. Z.L. and Pawlowski, C. S. (2018) Using participatory approaches with children to better understand their physical activity behaviour. Health Education Journal, 77(5), pp. 542-554. (doi: 10.1177/0017896918759567) (PMID:30166649) (PMCID:PMC6094501)
Young, R. , Sweeting, H. and West, P. (2012) Associations between DSM-IV diagnosis, psychiatric symptoms and morning cortisol levels in a community sample of adolescents. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 47(5), pp. 723-733. (doi: 10.1007/s00127-011-0374-8)
Johnstone, A. et al. (2022) Nature-based early childhood education and children’s physical activity, sedentary behavior, motor competence, and other physical health outcomes: a mixed-methods systematic review. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 19(6), pp. 456-472. (doi: 10.1123/jpah.2021-0760) (PMID:35537707) (PMCID:PMC7613039)
Forsyth, A. J.M., Davidson, N. and Ellaway, A. (2014) 'I can spot them a mile off': community shopkeepers’ experience of alcohol test-purchasing. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 21(3), pp. 221-224. (doi: 10.3109/09687637.2013.860953)
Martin, A. , Clarke, J., Johnstone, A. , McCrorie, P. , Langford, R., Simpson, S. A. and Kipping, R. (2023) A qualitative study of parental strategies to enable pre-school children’s outdoor and nature experiences during COVID-19 restrictions. Health and Place, 79, 102967. (doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2023.102967) (PMID:36621065)
Whitley, E. , Olsen, J. and Benzeval, M. (2022) Impact of subjective and objective neighbourhood characteristics and individual socioeconomic position on allostatic load: a cross-sectional analysis of an all-age UK household panel study. Health and Place, 78, 102930. (doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2022.102930) (PMID:36347133)
Holland, I. et al. (2021) Measuring nature contact: a narrative review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(8), 4092. (doi: 10.3390/ijerph18084092) (PMID:33924490) (PMCID:PMC8069863)
Ellaway, A. , Dundas, R. , Olsen, J. R. and Shiels, P. G. (2018) Perceived neighbourhood problems over time and associations with adiposity. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(9), 1854. (doi: 10.3390/ijerph15091854) (PMID:30154306) (PMCID:PMC6164418)
Caryl, F. M. , Pearce, J., Mitchell, R. and Shortt, N. K. (2022) Inequalities in children’s exposure to alcohol outlets in Scotland: a GPS study. BMC Public Health, 22, 1749. (doi: 10.1186/s12889-022-14151-3) (PMID:36109778) (PMCID:PMC9479265)
Mccrorie, P. R.W. , Fenton, C. and Ellaway, A. (2014) Combining GPS, GIS, and accelerometry to explore the physical activity and environment relationship in children and young people – a review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 11(1), p. 93. (doi: 10.1186/s12966-014-0093-0)
Stewart, J. L. , Livingston, M. , Walsh, D. and Mitchell, R. (2018) Using population surfaces and spatial metrics to track the development of deprivation landscapes in Glasgow, Liverpool, and Manchester between 1971 and 2011. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 72, pp. 124-133. (doi: 10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2018.06.003) (PMID:30393419) (PMCID:PMC6167737)
Macdonald, L. , Nicholls, N. , Gallou, E., Monckton, L. and Mitchell, R. (2023) Is spatial exposure to heritage associated with visits to heritage and to mental health? A cross-sectional study using data from the UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS). BMJ Open, 13(3), e066986. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-066986) (PMID:36990477) (PMCID:PMC10069496)
Traynor, O., Martin, A. , Johnstone, A. , Chng, N. R. , Kenny, J. and Mccrorie, P. (2022) A low-cost method for understanding how nature-based early learning and childcare impacts on children’s health and wellbeing. Frontiers in Psychology, 13, 889828. (doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2022.889828) (PMID:35814071) (PMCID:PMC9260060)
Almagor, J. , Martin, A. , McCrorie, P. and Mitchell, R. (2021) How can an agent-based model explore the impact of interventions on children’s physical activity in an urban environment? Health and Place, 72, 102688. (doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102688) (PMID:34628149) (PMCID:PMC8633766)
Pearson, A. L., Brown, C. D., Reuben, A., Nicholls, N. , Pfeiffer, K. A. and Clevenger, K. A. (2023) Elementary classroom views of nature are associated with lower child externalizing behavior problems. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 20(9), 5653. (doi: 10.3390/ijerph20095653) (PMID:37174172) (PMCID:PMC10177887)
Church, A., Ellaway, A. , Mitchell, R. , Moore, N. and Ravenscroft, N. (2012) Connecting Health, Health-Related Behaviours and Place Through the Work of Community Gardening. Project Report. Connected Communities Cross Council Programme.
Johnstone, A. et al. (2022) Nature-based early childhood education and children’s social, emotional and cognitive development: a mixed-methods systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(10), 5967. (doi: 10.3390/ijerph19105967) (PMID:35627504) (PMCID:PMC9142068)
Lin, B. B., Thompson, S., Mitchell, R. , Astell-Burt, T., De Leeuw, E., Jalaludin, B. and Feng, X. (2023) Policymaker and practitioner perceptions of parks for health and wellbeing: scoping a holistic approach. Sustainability, 15(6), 5251. (doi: 10.3390/su15065251)
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Olsen, J. R. , Patterson, C. , Caryl, F. M. , Robertson, T., Mooney, S. J., Rundle, A. G., Mitchell, R. and Hilton, S. (2021) Exposure to unhealthy product advertising: Spatial proximity analysis to schools and socio-economic inequalities in daily exposure measured using Scottish Children’s individual-level GPS data. Health and Place, 68, 102535. (doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102535) (PMID:33636594)
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de Vocht, F., Katikireddi, S. V. , McQuire, C., Tilling, K., Hickman, M. and Craig, P. (2021) Conceptualising natural and quasi experiments in public health. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 21(1), 32. (doi: 10.1186/s12874-021-01224-x) (PMID:33573595) (PMCID:PMC7879679)
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Jidovtseff, B., Pirard, F., Martin, A. , McCrorie, P. , Vidal, A. and Pools, E. (2022) Parental assessment of benefits and of dangers determines children’s permission to play outdoors. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(18), 11467. (doi: 10.3390/ijerph191811467) (PMID:36141739) (PMCID:PMC9517668)
Haddou, Y., Mancy, R. , Matthiopoulos, J. , Spatharis, S. and Dominoni, D. M. (2022) Widespread extinction debts and colonization credits in United States breeding bird communities. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 6(3), pp. 324-331. (doi: 10.1038/s41559-021-01653-3) (PMID:35145265) (PMCID:PMC8913367)
Anyanwu, P. E., Craig, P. , Katikireddi, S. V. and Green, M. J. (2020) Impact of UK tobacco control policies on inequalities in youth smoking uptake: a natural experiment study. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 22(11), pp. 1973-1980. (doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntaa101) (PMID:32469404) (PMCID:PMC7593354)
Zucca, C. , McCrorie, P. , Johnstone, A. , Chambers, S. , Chng, N. R. , Traynor, O. and Martin, A. (2023) Outdoor nature-based play in early learning and childcare centres: identifying the determinants of implementation using causal loop diagrams and social network analysis. Health and Place, 79, 102955. (doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2022.102955) (PMID:36565541)
Angelopoulos, K. , Lazarakis, S., Mancy, R. and Schroeder, M. (2021) Pandemic-Induced Wealth and Health Inequality and Risk Exposure. Working Paper. CESifo, Munich.
Robertson, T., Jepson, R., Lambe, K., Olsen, J. R. and Thornton, L. E. (2022) Socioeconomic patterning of food and drink advertising at public transport stops in Edinburgh, UK. Public Health Nutrition, 25(5), pp. 1131-1139. (doi: 10.1017/S1368980021004766) (PMID:34886922) (PMCID:PMC7612707)
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