Cicero, Marcus Tullius: De natura deorum.  

Add: De divinatione.  De fato.  De legibus.  Academica lib. II.  [Pseudo-] Modestus:  De re militari.  With additions by Raphael Zovenzonius.

[Venice]:  Vindelinus de Spira, 1471.
4to.   [112 2-78 86 9-138 146 15-238 244].   [188] leaves (1/1, 19/7-8, 24/4 i.e. ff. 1, 151, 152, 188 blank).
ISTC ic00569000;  GW 6902;  Goff C569;  BMC V 158 (IB. 19529);  Bod-inc C-299;  CIBN C-391;  BSB-Ink C-353.

The De re militari, which is often attributed to Modestus and also to Julius Pomponius Laetus, consists of extracts from Vegetius, Epitoma rei militaris - see Lorenzo Dalmasso ‘La storia di un estratto di Vegezio saggio sulla fortuna dell’ Epitoma rei militaris’ in Rendiconti Istituto Lombardo di scienze e lettere, ser. 2, 40 (1907) pp. 805-814.

University of Glasgow holds two copies

Copy 1

GIP number: C42/1
Shelf-mark: Sp Coll Hunterian Bg.3.9 (see main library entry for this item)
Variant: The setting of quire 8 is as described in GW's main transcription, not as in GW Anm. 2.
Note: The make-up of the first quire of 12 leaves conforms to the description given in CIBN (with leaves 1/6 and 1/7 clearly conjugate);  leaf 1/12 beginning “citari fecit ...”, following an error in imposition, has been excised and correctly inserted between 1/2 (beginning of “Vita Ciceronis”) and 1/3 (“Cicero inter damnatos ...”) - see the explanatory note in CIBN.
Provenance: William Hunter (1718-1783), physician and anatomist:  source unknown.
University of Glasgow:  Hunterian bequest 1807;  Hunterian Museum bookplate and book label on front pastedown, with former shelfmark “X.3.6”.
Binding: Italy, 18th-century parchment;  red leather title label on spine;  yellow-edged leaves;  green silk bookmark.   Size:  288 x 206 mm.
Leaf size: 278 x 199 mm.
Annotations: Occasional marginal annotations in a humanist hand, mainly extracting keywords;  very occasional manicules;  evidence of early manuscript signatures and numbering of quires.
Decoration: None.
Imperfections: Wanting the blank leaf 1/1.

Title incipit in  Cicero, Marcus Tullius: De natura deorum


Copy 2

GIP number: C42/2
Shelf-mark: Sp Coll Hunterian Be.3.16 (see main library entry for this item)
Bound with: The third of three incunabula bound together.   Bound with:  (1) Cicero, Marcus Tullius, Tusculanae disputationes.  Paris:  In vico sancti Jacobi [Louis Symonel et Socii (Au Soufflet Vert), between 1475 and 1479] (C59);  (2) Cicero, Marcus Tullius, De finibus bonorum et malorum.  [Paris:  Au Soufflet Vert (Louis Symonel et Socii), between 1475 and 1479] (C39).
Provenance: Louis Jean Gaignat (1697-1768), Secretary to King Louis XV:  Gaignat sale, 1769;  lot 1497 in Guillaume de Bure, Bibliographie instructive:  supplément ... ou catalogue des livres de feu M. L.J. Gaignat, 2 vols (Paris: 1769).
William Hunter (1718-1783), physician and anatomist:  purchased by Hunter at the Gaignat sale through his agent, Jean-Baptiste Dessain, for 26 livres 1 sou;  see Dessain-Hunter correspondence (University of Glasgow Library, MS Gen. 36, f. 23v).
University of Glasgow:  Hunterian bequest, 1807;  Hunterian Museum bookplate and book-label on front pastedown, with former shelfmark “Aa.5.12”.
Binding: France, 18th-century red goatskin;  covers decorated with a triple gold-fillet border, a six-pointed gold star at each corner;  gold-tooled spine;  marbled endpapers;  gilt-edged leaves;  turquoise silk bookmark.  Size:  280 x 195 mm.
Leaf size: 273 x 186 mm.
Annotations: Very occasional marginal annotations and nota marks in a 16th-century hand (mostly washed out);  quires numbered “16”-“20” in pencil in an 18th-century hand in inner top corner of first recto. 
Decoration: Three-line initial “S” on 16/1r (f. 121r) and three-line initial “S” on 17/3r (f. 131r) supplied in red and blue with reserved white;  capitals washed in yellow throughout.
Imperfections: Quires 15-19 only i.e. ff. 113-152 containing De fato and De legibus.  Many leaves are brittle and fragmenting.

Penwork initial in Cicero, Marcus Tullius: De natura deorum et al.