Mr Mike Rutherford

  • Curator of Zoology and Anatomy (Hunterian Museum & Art Gallery)

Biography

A lifelong interest in nature led to me doing a BSc in Zoology at UofG in the 90s. I then continued my education at James Cook University in Queensland, Australia with a Masters in Conservation Biology where I was a reasearch assistant for the Herpetology Unit and studied rainbow skinks. I moved back to the UK and became Keeper of the Tropical House at Newquay Zoo, then moved on to my first museum job as a Natural History Research Assistant for the Kelvingrove Project back in Glasgow. This led to me becoming Curator of Invertebrates (Non-Insects) for Glasgow Museums and allowed me to build experience in museum skills such as exhibition development, specimen collecting, processing and conservation, databases, and education outreach. I then left to work as Curator of Zoology for The University of the West Indies in Trinidad & Tobago. There I developed the UWI Zoology Museum at the St. Augustine Campus and undertook a wide range of research and outreach activities. Finally I started work as a curator at UofG at the beginning of 2021.

 

Research interests

Research

I have published on a wide variety of species during my career including giant centipedes, sea cucumbers, harvestmen, oilbirds, moths, snakes and lizards. But my main interests taxonomically are tropical land snails. 

I also undertake biological recording and have organised and attended numerous Bioblitz events. 

Collections

I am responsible for the Zoology and Anatomy collections at The Hunterian. This includes vertebrates and invertebrates apart from the insects which are looked after by the Curator of Entomology. 

 

Publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2021 | 2020 | 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2009 | 2007 | 2005
Number of items: 51.

2021

Blotto, B. L. et al. (2021) The phylogeny of the Casque‐headed Treefrogs (Hylidae: Hylinae: Lophyohylini). Cladistics, 37(1), pp. 36-72. (doi: 10.1111/cla.12409) (PMID:34478174)

2020

Rutherford, M. G. (2020) iNaturalist: recording life in Caerlee Wood. Living Woods Magazine, 2020(58), pp. 13-15.

Oehler, D. A., Rutherford, M. G. , La Bruna, D., Foon, K. C. and Weakly, Jr, L. (2020) GPS tracking of the foraging movements of Oilbirds (Steatornis caripensis) from The Dunston Cave at Asa Wright Nature Centre, Trinidad. Ornitologia Neotropical, 31(1), pp. 52-56.

Rutherford, M. G. (2020) A new species of Radiodiscus (Gastropoda: Eupulmonata: Charopidae) from Trinidad and Tobago. Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 149(1), pp. 67-74. (doi: 10.1127/arch.moll/149/067-074)

2019

Cock, M. J.W., Polar, P., Rutherford, M. G. , Cafá, G. and Buddie, A. G. (2019) Hypercompe trinitatis (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Arctiinae) and its caterpillar in Trinidad, WI. Living World, 2019, pp. 21-27.

Rutherford, M. G. (2019) Notes on the life history of Citheronia hamifera Rothschild, 1907 (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae). Living World, 2019, p. 36.

Rutherford, M. G. (2019) An update on the population of the Oilbird, Steatornis caripensis, in Trinidad, WI. Living World, 2019, pp. 7-13.

Jones, F. A.M., Rutherford, M. G. , Deacon, A. E., Phillip, D. A.T. and Magurran, A. E. (2019) Quantifying regional biodiversity in the tropics: a case study of freshwater fish in Trinidad and Tobago. Biotropica, 51(5), pp. 700-708. (doi: 10.1111/btp.12692)

Sparks, J. M., Crowley, B. E., Rutherford, M. G. and Jaggernauth, D. (2019) Coastal proximity, orientation, and precipitation amount drive spatial variability in δ34S values on the Caribbean island of Trinidad. Applied Geochemistry, 108, 104372. (doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2019.104372)

Belford, S.G., Phillip, D.A.T., Rutherford, M.G. , Schmidt Roach, S. and Duncan, E.J. (2019) Biodiversity of coral reef communities in marginal environments along the north-eastern coast of Trinidad, Southern Caribbean. Progress in Aqua Farming and Marine Biology, 2(1),

2018

Murphy, J. C., Downie, J. R., Smith, J. M., Livingstone, S. M., Mohammed, R. S., Lehtinen, R. M., Eyre, M., Sewlal, J.-A. N., Noriega, N., Casper, G. S., Anton, T., Rutherford, M. G. , Braswell, A. L. and Jowers, M. J. (2018) A Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club. ISBN 9789768255471

2017

Bellanger, Y., Phillips, A., Lelong, P., Jourdan, T. and Rutherford, M. G. (2017) Complement to the inventory of Phasmatodea of Trinidad (Phasmatodea, Prisopodidae, Prisopodinae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, 122(2), pp. 239-243.

Rutherford, M. G. , Auguste, R., Bhukal, R., Deacon, A., Seebaran, E., Mohammed, R., Morong, D. and Oatham, M. (2017) Icacos Bioblitz 2017 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

2016

Rutherford, M. G. and Chu Foon, K. (2016) Activity patterns of terrestrial mammals at Springhill, Arima Valley, Trinidad. Living World, 2016, pp. 23-32.

Murphy, J. C., Rutherford, M. G. and Jowers, M. J. (2016) The threadsnake tangle: lack of genetic divergence in Epictia tenella (Squamata, Leptotyphlopidae): evidence for introductions or recent rafting to the West Indies. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 51(3), pp. 197-205. (doi: 10.1080/01650521.2016.1234358)

Rutherford, M. G. (2016) Common Black Hawk, Buteogallus anthracinus predating Oilbird, Steatornis caripensis at Cumaca Cave, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2016, p. 44.

Rutherford, M. G. (2016) Sightings of Capybara, Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris in the Caroni River system, Trinidad. Living World, 2016, p. 38.

Rutherford, M. G. et al. (2016) Port of Spain Bioblitz 2016 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

2015

Auguste, R. J. and Rutherford, M. G. (2015) Range expansion of Scarthyla vigilans (Anura: Hylidae) in Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2015, p. 43.

Bhukal, R., Rutherford, M. G. and Mohammed, R. S. (2015) Predation on a freshwater crab, Dilocarcinus dentatus (Tricodactylidae), by several tropical wolf spiders, Ancylometes bogotensis (Ctenidae), in Trinidad, WI. Living World, 2015, pp. 59-60.

Rutherford, M. G. et al. (2015) Charlotteville Bioblitz 2015 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

2014

Rutherford, M. G. (2014) Tracking Down the Endemic Land Snails of Trinidad & Tobago = A la búsqueda de los caracoles terrestres endémicos de Trinidad & Tobago. VIII Caribbean Biodiversity Congress (CBDC), Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 29 Jan - 02 Feb 2014.

Baker, R. and Rutherford, M. G. (2014) AM Adamson (1901-1945): entomologist and travelling naturalist. Some correspondence and a bibliography, with special reference to Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2014, pp. 64-70.

Greener, M. S., Deacon, A. E., Jaggernauth, D. and Rutherford, M. G. (2014) New bat record (Mammalia: Chiroptera) for Huevos Island, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2014, p. 47.

Greener, M. S., Deacon, A. E., Rutherford, M. G. and Sookdeo, K. (2014) First records of mantids (Insecta: Mantodea) on Huevos Island, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2014, p. 56.

Greener, M. S. and Rutherford, M. G. (2014) An updated list of the Mantodea of Trinidad and Tobago, with three new records for Trinidad. Living World, 2014, pp. 35-46.

Murphy, J. C. and Rutherford, M. G. (2014) The snail-eating snake Dipsas variegata (Duméril, Bibron and Duméril) on Trinidad, and its relationship to the microcephalic Dipsas trinitatis Parker (Squamata, Dipsadidae). Herpetology Notes, 7, pp. 757-760.

Rutherford, M. G. et al. (2014) Nariva Swamp Bioblitz 2014 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

Rutherford, M. G. , Bhukal, R., Greener, M. S. and Smith, S. (2014) New scorpion records for Chacachacare and Huevos Islands, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2014, p. 50.

Rutherford, M. G. and Bianco, G. (2014) Utilisation of anvils by the Trinidad motmot (Momotus bahamensis) in Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World,

2013

Murphy, J. C., Charles, S. P., Rutherford, M. G. , Anton, T., Hast, G., Reynolds, B., Traub, J. and White, G. (2013) The Greater Windward skink, Copeoglossum aurae (Reptilia: Squamata: Mabuyidae), a semi-arboreal lizard of the Eastern Caribbean. Living World,

Rutherford, M. G. (2013) The natural history collections of the University of the West Indies (UWI). In: Cummins, A., Farmer, K. and Russell, R. (eds.) Plantation to Nation: Caribbean Museums and National Identity. Common Ground: Champaign, Illinois, pp. 69-81. ISBN 9781612290737

Rutherford, M. G. (2013) Report on two checkerbelly snakes, Siphlophis cervinus from Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2013(1), p. 76.

Rutherford, M. G. (2013) Tucker Valley Bioblitz 2012 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

Rutherford, M. G. et al. (2013) Arima Valley Bioblitz 2013 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

Rutherford, M. G. and Mohammed, R. (2013) New and updated records of terrestrial and freshwater Gastropod molluscs for Tobago, West Indies. Living World, 2013(1), p. 67.

Rutherford, M. G. and Murphy, J. C. (2013) Albino slug-eating snake, Sibon nebulata nebulata from Couva,Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2013(1), p. 61.

2012

Charles, S.P., Corcoran, P., Lukaszewicz, J. and Rutherford, M. G. (2012) First records for four reptile species from Gasparillo Island off North-Western Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2012(1), p. 81.

Charles, S. P., Murphy, J. C., Traub, J. and Rutherford, M. G. (2012) First record of the Opossum Didelphis marsupialis from the island of Gaspar Grande off North-Western Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World,

Mohammed, R. S. and Rutherford, M. G. (2012) New records of two freshwater gastropod molluscs for Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2012(1), pp. 85-86.

Rutherford, M. G. (2012) Feeding behaviour of a captive giant centipede (Scolopendra gigantea) in Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2012(1), pp. 79-80.

Rutherford, M. G. and Charran, M. N.S. (2012) New locality records for the holothurians Parathyone suspecta and Holothuria cubana in Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2012(1), pp. 82-83.

2011

Smith, J. M., Downie, J. R., Dye, R. F., Ogilvy, V., Thornham, D. G., Rutherford, M. G. , Charles, S. P. and Murphy, J. C. (2011) Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae, Scarthyla vigilans (Solano, 1971): range extension and new country record for Trinidad, West Indies, with notes on tadpoles, habitat, behavior and biogeographical significance. Check List, 7(5), pp. 574-577. (doi: 10.15560/7.5.574)

Rutherford, M. G. (2011) Land Snails from the Five-Islands Archipelago, North-west Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2011(1), pp. 42-45.

Rutherford, M. G. (2011) University of the West Indies Zoology Museum. Living World,

Rutherford, M. G. (2011) Viable land snail eggs in a bird pellet. Living World,

Sutcliffe, R., Rutherford, M. G. and Robinson, J. (2011) Sir Roger the Elephant. In: Alberti, S. J.M.M. (ed.) The Afterlives of Animals: A Museum Menagerie. University of Virginia Press: Charlottesville, pp. 58-74. ISBN 9780813931678

2009

Rutherford, M. (2009) First record of the opilione Dicranopalpus ramosus (Simon 1909) in Glasgow. Glasgow Naturalist, 25, p. 64.

2007

Rutherford, M. G. (2007) Molluscs in South Florida. Mollusc World, 13, p. 21.

2005

Rutherford, M. G. (2005) Molluscs of Trinidad. Mollusc World, 8, p. 10.

Rutherford, M. G. (2005) Partula snails at Edinburgh Zoo. Mollusc World, 9, p. 13.

This list was generated on Wed Dec 7 18:04:16 2022 GMT.
Number of items: 51.

Articles

Blotto, B. L. et al. (2021) The phylogeny of the Casque‐headed Treefrogs (Hylidae: Hylinae: Lophyohylini). Cladistics, 37(1), pp. 36-72. (doi: 10.1111/cla.12409) (PMID:34478174)

Rutherford, M. G. (2020) iNaturalist: recording life in Caerlee Wood. Living Woods Magazine, 2020(58), pp. 13-15.

Oehler, D. A., Rutherford, M. G. , La Bruna, D., Foon, K. C. and Weakly, Jr, L. (2020) GPS tracking of the foraging movements of Oilbirds (Steatornis caripensis) from The Dunston Cave at Asa Wright Nature Centre, Trinidad. Ornitologia Neotropical, 31(1), pp. 52-56.

Rutherford, M. G. (2020) A new species of Radiodiscus (Gastropoda: Eupulmonata: Charopidae) from Trinidad and Tobago. Archiv für Molluskenkunde, 149(1), pp. 67-74. (doi: 10.1127/arch.moll/149/067-074)

Cock, M. J.W., Polar, P., Rutherford, M. G. , Cafá, G. and Buddie, A. G. (2019) Hypercompe trinitatis (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Arctiinae) and its caterpillar in Trinidad, WI. Living World, 2019, pp. 21-27.

Rutherford, M. G. (2019) Notes on the life history of Citheronia hamifera Rothschild, 1907 (Lepidoptera, Saturniidae). Living World, 2019, p. 36.

Rutherford, M. G. (2019) An update on the population of the Oilbird, Steatornis caripensis, in Trinidad, WI. Living World, 2019, pp. 7-13.

Jones, F. A.M., Rutherford, M. G. , Deacon, A. E., Phillip, D. A.T. and Magurran, A. E. (2019) Quantifying regional biodiversity in the tropics: a case study of freshwater fish in Trinidad and Tobago. Biotropica, 51(5), pp. 700-708. (doi: 10.1111/btp.12692)

Sparks, J. M., Crowley, B. E., Rutherford, M. G. and Jaggernauth, D. (2019) Coastal proximity, orientation, and precipitation amount drive spatial variability in δ34S values on the Caribbean island of Trinidad. Applied Geochemistry, 108, 104372. (doi: 10.1016/j.apgeochem.2019.104372)

Belford, S.G., Phillip, D.A.T., Rutherford, M.G. , Schmidt Roach, S. and Duncan, E.J. (2019) Biodiversity of coral reef communities in marginal environments along the north-eastern coast of Trinidad, Southern Caribbean. Progress in Aqua Farming and Marine Biology, 2(1),

Bellanger, Y., Phillips, A., Lelong, P., Jourdan, T. and Rutherford, M. G. (2017) Complement to the inventory of Phasmatodea of Trinidad (Phasmatodea, Prisopodidae, Prisopodinae). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, 122(2), pp. 239-243.

Rutherford, M. G. and Chu Foon, K. (2016) Activity patterns of terrestrial mammals at Springhill, Arima Valley, Trinidad. Living World, 2016, pp. 23-32.

Murphy, J. C., Rutherford, M. G. and Jowers, M. J. (2016) The threadsnake tangle: lack of genetic divergence in Epictia tenella (Squamata, Leptotyphlopidae): evidence for introductions or recent rafting to the West Indies. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment, 51(3), pp. 197-205. (doi: 10.1080/01650521.2016.1234358)

Rutherford, M. G. (2016) Common Black Hawk, Buteogallus anthracinus predating Oilbird, Steatornis caripensis at Cumaca Cave, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2016, p. 44.

Rutherford, M. G. (2016) Sightings of Capybara, Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris in the Caroni River system, Trinidad. Living World, 2016, p. 38.

Auguste, R. J. and Rutherford, M. G. (2015) Range expansion of Scarthyla vigilans (Anura: Hylidae) in Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2015, p. 43.

Bhukal, R., Rutherford, M. G. and Mohammed, R. S. (2015) Predation on a freshwater crab, Dilocarcinus dentatus (Tricodactylidae), by several tropical wolf spiders, Ancylometes bogotensis (Ctenidae), in Trinidad, WI. Living World, 2015, pp. 59-60.

Baker, R. and Rutherford, M. G. (2014) AM Adamson (1901-1945): entomologist and travelling naturalist. Some correspondence and a bibliography, with special reference to Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2014, pp. 64-70.

Greener, M. S., Deacon, A. E., Jaggernauth, D. and Rutherford, M. G. (2014) New bat record (Mammalia: Chiroptera) for Huevos Island, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2014, p. 47.

Greener, M. S., Deacon, A. E., Rutherford, M. G. and Sookdeo, K. (2014) First records of mantids (Insecta: Mantodea) on Huevos Island, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2014, p. 56.

Greener, M. S. and Rutherford, M. G. (2014) An updated list of the Mantodea of Trinidad and Tobago, with three new records for Trinidad. Living World, 2014, pp. 35-46.

Murphy, J. C. and Rutherford, M. G. (2014) The snail-eating snake Dipsas variegata (Duméril, Bibron and Duméril) on Trinidad, and its relationship to the microcephalic Dipsas trinitatis Parker (Squamata, Dipsadidae). Herpetology Notes, 7, pp. 757-760.

Rutherford, M. G. , Bhukal, R., Greener, M. S. and Smith, S. (2014) New scorpion records for Chacachacare and Huevos Islands, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2014, p. 50.

Rutherford, M. G. and Bianco, G. (2014) Utilisation of anvils by the Trinidad motmot (Momotus bahamensis) in Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World,

Murphy, J. C., Charles, S. P., Rutherford, M. G. , Anton, T., Hast, G., Reynolds, B., Traub, J. and White, G. (2013) The Greater Windward skink, Copeoglossum aurae (Reptilia: Squamata: Mabuyidae), a semi-arboreal lizard of the Eastern Caribbean. Living World,

Rutherford, M. G. (2013) Report on two checkerbelly snakes, Siphlophis cervinus from Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2013(1), p. 76.

Rutherford, M. G. and Mohammed, R. (2013) New and updated records of terrestrial and freshwater Gastropod molluscs for Tobago, West Indies. Living World, 2013(1), p. 67.

Rutherford, M. G. and Murphy, J. C. (2013) Albino slug-eating snake, Sibon nebulata nebulata from Couva,Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2013(1), p. 61.

Charles, S.P., Corcoran, P., Lukaszewicz, J. and Rutherford, M. G. (2012) First records for four reptile species from Gasparillo Island off North-Western Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World, 2012(1), p. 81.

Charles, S. P., Murphy, J. C., Traub, J. and Rutherford, M. G. (2012) First record of the Opossum Didelphis marsupialis from the island of Gaspar Grande off North-Western Trinidad, Trinidad and Tobago. Living World,

Mohammed, R. S. and Rutherford, M. G. (2012) New records of two freshwater gastropod molluscs for Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2012(1), pp. 85-86.

Rutherford, M. G. (2012) Feeding behaviour of a captive giant centipede (Scolopendra gigantea) in Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2012(1), pp. 79-80.

Rutherford, M. G. and Charran, M. N.S. (2012) New locality records for the holothurians Parathyone suspecta and Holothuria cubana in Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2012(1), pp. 82-83.

Smith, J. M., Downie, J. R., Dye, R. F., Ogilvy, V., Thornham, D. G., Rutherford, M. G. , Charles, S. P. and Murphy, J. C. (2011) Amphibia, Anura, Hylidae, Scarthyla vigilans (Solano, 1971): range extension and new country record for Trinidad, West Indies, with notes on tadpoles, habitat, behavior and biogeographical significance. Check List, 7(5), pp. 574-577. (doi: 10.15560/7.5.574)

Rutherford, M. G. (2011) Land Snails from the Five-Islands Archipelago, North-west Trinidad, West Indies. Living World, 2011(1), pp. 42-45.

Rutherford, M. G. (2011) University of the West Indies Zoology Museum. Living World,

Rutherford, M. G. (2011) Viable land snail eggs in a bird pellet. Living World,

Rutherford, M. (2009) First record of the opilione Dicranopalpus ramosus (Simon 1909) in Glasgow. Glasgow Naturalist, 25, p. 64.

Rutherford, M. G. (2007) Molluscs in South Florida. Mollusc World, 13, p. 21.

Rutherford, M. G. (2005) Molluscs of Trinidad. Mollusc World, 8, p. 10.

Rutherford, M. G. (2005) Partula snails at Edinburgh Zoo. Mollusc World, 9, p. 13.

Books

Murphy, J. C., Downie, J. R., Smith, J. M., Livingstone, S. M., Mohammed, R. S., Lehtinen, R. M., Eyre, M., Sewlal, J.-A. N., Noriega, N., Casper, G. S., Anton, T., Rutherford, M. G. , Braswell, A. L. and Jowers, M. J. (2018) A Field Guide to the Amphibians and Reptiles of Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad and Tobago Field Naturalists' Club. ISBN 9789768255471

Book Sections

Rutherford, M. G. (2013) The natural history collections of the University of the West Indies (UWI). In: Cummins, A., Farmer, K. and Russell, R. (eds.) Plantation to Nation: Caribbean Museums and National Identity. Common Ground: Champaign, Illinois, pp. 69-81. ISBN 9781612290737

Sutcliffe, R., Rutherford, M. G. and Robinson, J. (2011) Sir Roger the Elephant. In: Alberti, S. J.M.M. (ed.) The Afterlives of Animals: A Museum Menagerie. University of Virginia Press: Charlottesville, pp. 58-74. ISBN 9780813931678

Research Reports or Papers

Rutherford, M. G. , Auguste, R., Bhukal, R., Deacon, A., Seebaran, E., Mohammed, R., Morong, D. and Oatham, M. (2017) Icacos Bioblitz 2017 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

Rutherford, M. G. et al. (2016) Port of Spain Bioblitz 2016 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

Rutherford, M. G. et al. (2015) Charlotteville Bioblitz 2015 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

Rutherford, M. G. et al. (2014) Nariva Swamp Bioblitz 2014 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

Rutherford, M. G. (2013) Tucker Valley Bioblitz 2012 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

Rutherford, M. G. et al. (2013) Arima Valley Bioblitz 2013 Final Report. Project Report. The University of the West Indies St. Augustine, Trinidad & Tobago.

Conference or Workshop Item

Rutherford, M. G. (2014) Tracking Down the Endemic Land Snails of Trinidad & Tobago = A la búsqueda de los caracoles terrestres endémicos de Trinidad & Tobago. VIII Caribbean Biodiversity Congress (CBDC), Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, 29 Jan - 02 Feb 2014.

This list was generated on Wed Dec 7 18:04:16 2022 GMT.