Professor Nick Kamenos
- Honorary Lecturer in Marine Science (School of Geographical & Earth Sciences)
Research keywords: Arctic, ecology, nature-based solutions, biogeochemistry, blue carbon, climate change, glaciers, human interactions, palaeoclimate reconstruction, global change, multiple stressors, ecosystem services, ocean acidification, tropical, coralline algae, corals, seagrass, sediment
Please see my Research Website here
The oceans are a critical global resource which is changing. Change is both natural but also, in recent times, has become anthropogenically driven. My group's research in the School of Geographical and Earth Sciences at the University of Glasgow asks questions about how the oceans are altered by the synergy between natural and anthropogenic change while trying to better determine the actual extent of global change.
Global ecological and biogeochemical cycles are a key interest of my group’s research which we consider in two broad groupings:
1) We investigate relationships between global change (e.g. climate variability, ocean acidification & multiple stressors) and ecosystem engineers (e.g. coralline algae, corals, seagrass and sediments) along with the services they provide. Recently, this has focused the their role in understanding glacier and freshwater discharge, blue carbon repositories and coral bleaching.
2) We develop climatic and ecological proxies for the Holocene to better understand past responses of ecosystem engineers to different rates of environmental change at Arctic, temperate and tropical latitudes.
Both research groupings are strongly multidisciplinary including many biological, geological and chemical techniques. We counduct our research in polar to tropical seas using SCUBA as well as in the Marine Mesocosm Facility. The Marine Mesocosm Facility has 128 remotely monitored mesocosms for exploring the impacts of CO2-associated global change on marine biotic and geochemical systems. In particular, we can investigate the responses of marine systems to mulitple stressors (any combination of temperature, ocean acidification, hypoxia, light and salinity) and calibarate / validate palaeoenvironmental proxies. My group also benfits from access to the latest analyical facilities within our School including laser ablation ICPMS, isotope ratio mass spectrometry, Raman, SEM, gas chromatography, photosynthetic and carbonate chemistry analysis.
Some of the latest reserach we contributed to on Arctic calcifying algae is published in Science
Reader (2018 to present). University of Glasgow.
Senior Lecturer (2014 to 2018). University of Glasgow.
Lecturer (2014 to 2014). University of Glasgow.
Royal Society of Edinburgh / Scottish Government Independent Research Fellow (2009-2014). University of Glasgow.
NERC Independent Postdoctoral Research Fellow (2006-2009). University of Glasgow.
Honorary Lecturer in Marine Science (2005 to present). University of Glasgow.
Postdoctoral Research Scientist (2004-2006). University Marine Biological Station Millport.
Ph.D. Marine Biology (2001-2004). University of London.
B.Sc. (Hons) Marine Biology (1997-2000). University of Wales, Bangor.
Rasher, D. B. et al. (2020) Keystone predators govern the pathway and pace of climate impacts in a subarctic marine ecosystem. Science, 369(6509), pp. 1351-1354. (doi: 10.1126/science.aav7515) (PMID:32913100)
Mao, J., Burdett, H. L., McGill, R. A.R. , Newton, J. , Gulliver, P. and Kamenos, N. A. (2020) Carbon burial over the last four millennia is regulated by both climatic and land-use change. Global Change Biology, 26(4), pp. 2496-2504. (doi: 10.1111/gcb.15021) (PMID:32100446)
McCoy, S. J. and Kamenos, N. A. (2018) Coralline algal skeletal mineralogy affects grazer impacts. Global Change Biology, 24(10), pp. 4775-4783. (doi: 10.1111/gcb.14370) (PMID:30030870)
McCoy, S. J., Kamenos, N. A. , Chung, P., Wootton, T. J. and Pfister, C. A. (2018) A mineralogical record of ocean change: decadal and centennial patterns in the California mussel. Global Change Biology, 24(6), pp. 2554-2562. (doi: 10.1111/gcb.14013) (PMID:29314468)
van der Heijden, L.H. and Kamenos, N.A. (2015) Reviews and syntheses: Calculating the global contribution of coralline algae to total carbon burial. Biogeosciences, 12(21), pp. 6429-6441. (doi: 10.5194/bg-12-6429-2015)
McCoy, S. J. and Kamenos, N. A. (2015) Coralline algae (rhodophyta) in a changing world: integrating ecological, physiological, and geochemical responses to global change. Journal of Phycology, 51(1), pp. 6-24. (doi: 10.1111/jpy.12262)
Kamenos, N.A. (2010) North Atlantic summers have warmed more than winters since 1353 and the response of marine zooplankton. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(52), pp. 22442-22447. (doi: 10.1073/pnas.1006141107)
KEY GRANT INCOME >£50K (Total grant income = £13.1M)
Kamenos, N.A., Juul-Pedersen, T., Cameron, K., Hamilton, L., Burdett, H.B. 2021. Arctic fjords as carbon burial hotspots. (£89,000)
Kamenos, N.A. 2019. Blue carbon under global change. Marine Scotland (£134,000)
Wainwright. J, Kamenos, N.A., Fernandes, T. Stead, S., Zerkle, A., Tinsley, M., Hodgson, D., Naden, J., Jenkins, A. 2018. IAPETUS: Delivering excellence in PhD training across the spectrum of environmental science. Natural Environmental Research Council UK (NERC) (£7.4M. NE/S007431/1)
Mair, D. Kamenos, N.A., Rea, B. and Schofield, E. 2014. Calving Glaciers: Long term validation and evidence Leverhulme Trust. (£263,331, grant num: RPG-2014-093)
Foster, G. and Kamenos, N.A. 2013. Abrupt Ocean Acidification Events: historic pH change in the North Atlantic; insights from the boron isotopic composition of coralline algae. NERC (£60,806, grant num: NE/H017356/1)
Padget, M. et al (including Kamenos, N.A.) 2012. Upgrading the small scale equipment base for early career researchers in the engineering and physical sciences EPSRC (£559,906, grant num: EP/K031732/1)
Cusack, M.R., Kamenos, N.A. and Phoenix, V. 2011. Biomineralisation: protein and mineral response to ocean acidification. Leverhulme (£255,234, RPG-2011-042)
Widdicombe, S. et al (including Kamenos, N.A.) 2010. Impacts and implications of ocean acidification on key benthic ecosystems, communities, habitats, species and life cycles NERC (£2M, grant num: NE/H017305/1)
Kamenos, N.A. 2008. Impacts of climatic variability on shallow water marine ecosystems and resources. Scottish Government / The Royal Society of Edinburgh Personal Research Fellowship (£515,000, grant num: 48704/1)
Kamenos, N.A. 2008. High-resolution climatic impacts on shallow-water marine environments during the Holocene. The Royal Society of Edinburgh / British Petroleum Personal Fellowship (£265,640, this fellowship was turned down to accept the Scottish Government / RSE Fellowship above)
Kamenos, N.A. 2006. High resolution impacts of climatic variability on shallow-water marine ecosystems during the Holocene. NERC Independent Postdoctoral Fellowship (£397,423, grant num: NE/D008727/1)
Currently supervised projects:
- Oceans on Acid: using coralline algae to reconstruct records of ocean acidification (Greenland-Australia)
- Blue Carbon in a changing world
- The role of coralliths in coral reef recovery and expansion
- Modelling how corals apply the Goldilocks Principle to engineer habitat
- Langley, Bethan
Arctic blue carbon: human and climatic drivers of change
- Li, Mengran
Climate extreme event attribution using sub-asymptotic models and counterfactual theory
Previously supervised PhD student projects:
- The role of red coralline algal habitats as blue carbon stores
- Development of a low-cost marine pCO2 sensor to characterise the natural variability of coastal carbonate chemistry in the context of global change
- DMSP dynamics in marine coralline algal habitats
- Investigating oxygen and hydrogen isotopes in the routing of freshwater to highlight the considerations when using Lithothamnion glaciale as an in-situ palaeo-runoff indicator
- The effects of acidification and warming on marine calcifying biota
- Environmental constraints and genetic basis for the evolution of viviparity
Current teaching includes Statistics, Climate Change and Ecosystem Engineers.
At the University of Glasgow I am responsble for the strategic development of Natural Environment Reserach Council pointing environemntal research in the context of grant application development and PhD student awards via the IAPETUS2 Doctoral Training Partnership.
Research Team Members
Jinhua Mao, Harry Jackson, Jessica Scriven, Kate Schoenrock, Sophie McCoy, Nick Kamenos (PI), Crystal Smiley, Kirsty Hill, Alyssa Bell, Marion Bacquet, Charlotte Slaymark (May 2016)
See my Research Website here for the most up to date list