Dr Richard Staff

  • Research Fellow - Quaternary Geochronology (Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre)

telephone: 01355 270198
email: Richard.Staff@glasgow.ac.uk

Research interests

My research interests are in Late Quaternary geochronology, with specific interest in radiocarbon dating and tephrochronology, as well as broader aspects of Quaternary palaeoclimatology.

I specialise in radiocarbon dating and, in particular, radiocarbon calibration.

I am also interested in Bayesian statistical modelling of chronological data.


High Resolution Structure Associated with the 'Mono Lake' Event: New 14C Data from Tenaghi Philippon, Greece. Staff, R.A., Hardiman, M. & Pross, J. (NERC Radiocarbon Facility). £41,666. 2016.

A Synthesis of the Radiocarbon and Greenland Ice-core Timescales. Staff, R.A. (The Leverhulme Trust: Early Career Fellowship). 2015-2018.

Comparison Study of the Lake Suigetsu and Lake Ichi-no-Megata Radiocarbon Datasets: a Proof of Concept. Bronk Ramsey, C. & Staff, R.A. (John Fell OUP Fund, University of Oxford). £35,272. 2011.


Rebecca Kearney (DPhil candidate, current, RLAHA, University of Oxford). NERC DTP funding. Understanding past rapid climatic change through reducing chronological uncertainty.

Additional information


DPhil (2007-2011) Archaeological Science – Research Laboratory for Archaeology & the History of Art (RLAHA), University of Oxford - Research on radiocarbon calibration records, focussing on new measurements from Lake Suigetsu, Japan.

MSc (2006-2007) Quaternary Science – Department of Geography, Royal Holloway, University of London

MA (2003-2006) Geography – Department of Geography, University of Cambridge


Employment History

Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, RLAHA, University of Oxford (Sept 2015-Feb 2017)

Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (ORAU) Acting Laboratory Manager, RLAHA, University of Oxford (Feb 2013-Jan 2014 & Oct 2014-Jan 2015)

Post-Doctoral Research Assistant, RLAHA, University of Oxford (Feb 2011-Aug 2015)

ORAU Laboratory Technician (part-time), RLAHA, University of Oxford (2009-2010)


Member of Academic Societies

The UK Quaternary Research Association (QRA)

The INTIMATE (‘INTegrating Ice core, MArine and TErrestrial records, 60-8 ka’) Initiative

The European Geosciences Union (EGU)



Daiwa Adrian prize (as part of the 'Suigetsu Varves 2006' project team), presented at the Royal Society, London (Nov 2013) – awarded every three years "in recognition of significant scientific collaboration between Japanese and British research teams in the field of pure or applied science"

Janet Chamberlain prize (Girton College, University of Cambridge) for undergraduate examination results (2006)

Sir Francis Goldsmid Scholarship (Girton College, University of Cambridge) (£400) (2005-2006)

Jane Catherine Gamble prize (Girton College, University of Cambridge) for undergraduate exam results (2005)


List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010
Number of items: 44.


McLean, D., Albert, P. G., Nakagawa, T., Suzuki, T., Staff, R. A. , Yamada, K., Kitaba, I., Haraguchi, T., Kitagawa, J. and Smith, V. (2018) Integrating the Holocene tephrostratigraphy for East Asia using a high-resolution cryptotephra study from Lake Suigetsu (SG14 core), central Japan. Quaternary Science Reviews, 183, pp. 36-58. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2017.12.013)


Liu, X. et al. (2017) Journey to the east: diverse routes and variable flowering times for wheat and barley en route to prehistoric China. PLoS ONE, 12(11), e0187405. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0187405) (PMID:29095896) (PMCID:PMC5667820)

Turney, C. S.M. et al. (2017) Rapid global ocean-atmosphere response to Southern Ocean freshening during the last glacial. Nature Communications, 8, 520. (doi:10.1038/s41467-017-00577-6) (PMID:28900099) (PMCID:PMC5595922)

Brock, F., Dee, M., Hughes, A., Snoeck, C., Staff, R. and Ramsey, C. B. (2017) Testing the effectiveness of protocols for removal of common conservation treatments for radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon, (doi:10.1017/RDC.2017.68) (Early Online Publication)

Bonneau, A., Pearce, D., Mitchell, P., Staff, R. , Arthur, C., Mallen, L., Brock, F. and Higham, T. (2017) The earliest directly dated rock paintings from southern Africa: new AMS radiocarbon dates. Antiquity, 91(356), pp. 322-333. (doi:10.15184/aqy.2016.271)

Mark, D. F., Renne, P. R., Dymock, R., Smith, V. C., Simon, J. I., Morgan, L. E., Staff, R. A., Ellis, B. S. and Pearce, N. J.G. (2017) High-precision 40Ar/39Ar dating of Pleistocene Tuffs and temporal anchoring of the Matuyama-Brunhes Boundary. Quaternary Geochronology, 39, pp. 1-23. (doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2017.01.002)

Schlolaut, G., Brauer, A., Nakagawa, T., Lamb, H. F., Tyler, J. J., Staff, R. A. , Marshall, M. H., Ramsey, C. B., Bryant, C. L. and Tarasov, P. E. (2017) Evidence for a bi-partition of the Younger Dryas Stadial in East Asia associated with inversed climate characteristics compared to Europe. Scientific Reports, 7, 44983. (doi:10.1038/srep44983) (PMID:28361872) (PMCID:PMC5374484)


Liu, X. et al. (2016) The virtues of small grain size: potential pathways to a distinguishing feature of Asian wheats. Quaternary International, 426, 107 - 119. (doi:10.1016/j.quaint.2016.02.059)

Palmer, J. G. et al. (2016) Changes in El Niño – Southern Oscillation (ENSO) conditions during the Greenland Stadial 1 (GS-1) chronozone revealed by New Zealand tree-rings. Quaternary Science Reviews, 153, pp. 139-155. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.10.003)

Hogg, A. et al. (2016) Decadally resolved lateglacial radiocarbon evidence from New Zealand kauri. Radiocarbon, 58(4), pp. 709-733. (doi:10.1017/RDC.2016.86)

Pedersen, M. W. et al. (2016) Postglacial viability and colonization in North America’s ice-free corridor. Nature, 537(7618), pp. 45-49. (doi:10.1038/nature19085)

Haslam, M., Luncz, L. V., Staff, R. A. , Bradshaw, F., Ottoni, E. B. and Falótico, T. (2016) Pre-Columbian monkey tools. Current Biology, 26(13), R521-R522. (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2016.05.046) (PMID:27404235)

Hardiman, M., Scott, A. C., Pinter, N., Anderson, R. S., Ejarque, A., Carter-Champion, A. and Staff, R. A. (2016) Fire history on the California Channel Islands spanning human arrival in the Americas. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 371(1696), (doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0167)

Turney, C. S.M. et al. (2016) High-precision dating and correlation of ice, marine and terrestrial sequences spanning Heinrich Event 3: testing mechanisms of interhemispheric change using New Zealand ancient kauri (Agathis australis). Quaternary Science Reviews, 137, pp. 126-134. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.02.005)

Snoeck, C., Staff, R. A. and Brock, F. (2016) A reassessment of the routine pretreatment protocol for radiocarbon dating cremated bones. Radiocarbon, 58(1), pp. 1-8. (doi:10.1017/RDC.2015.1)

Hogg, A. et al. (2016) Punctuated shutdown of Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during Greenland Stadial 1. Scientific Reports, 6, 25902. (doi:10.1038/srep25902) (PMID:27194601) (PMCID:4872135)

McLean, D., Albert, P. G., Nakagawa, T., Staff, R. A. , Suzuki, T. and Smith, V. C. (2016) Identification of the Changbaishan ‘Millennium’ (B-Tm) eruption deposit in the Lake Suigetsu (SG06) sedimentary archive, Japan: Synchronisation of hemispheric-wide palaeoclimate archives. Quaternary Science Reviews, 150, pp. 301-307. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.08.022)


Lowe, J. J., Ramsey, C. B., Housley, R. A., Lane, C. S., Tomlinson, E. L. and , (2015) The RESET project: constructing a European tephra lattice for refined synchronisation of environmental and archaeological events during the last c. 100 ka. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, pp. 1-17. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.04.006)

Matthews, I.P. et al. (2015) Developing a robust tephrochronological framework for Late Quaternary marine records in the Southern Adriatic Sea: new data from core station SA03-11. Quaternary Science Reviews, 118, pp. 84-104. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.10.009)

Bronk Ramsey, C., Higham, T. F. G., Brock, F., Baker, D., Ditchfield, P. and Staff, R. A. (2015) Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: archaeometry datelist 35. Archaeometry, 57(1), pp. 177-216. (doi:10.1111/arcm.12134)

Egan, J., Staff, R. and Blackford, J. (2015) A high-precision age estimate of the Holocene Plinian eruption of Mount Mazama, Oregon, USA. Holocene, 25(7), pp. 1054-1067. (doi:10.1177/0959683615576230)


Brauer, A. et al. (2014) The importance of independent chronology in integrating records of past climate change for the 60–8 ka INTIMATE time interval. Quaternary Science Reviews, 106, pp. 47-66. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.07.006)

Bronk Ramsey, C., Albert, P., Blockley, S., Hardiman, M., Lane, C., Macleod, A., Matthews, I. P., Muscheler, R., Palmer, A. and Staff, R. A. (2014) Integrating timescales with time-transfer functions: a practical approach for an INTIMATE database. Quaternary Science Reviews, 106, pp. 67-80. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2014.05.028)

Staff, R. A. , Reynard, L., Brock, F. and Ramsey, C. B. (2014) Wood pretreatment protocols and measurement of tree-ring standards at the Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (ORAU). Radiocarbon, 56(2), pp. 709-715. (doi:10.2458/56.17449)

Schlolaut, G. et al. (2014) Event layers in the Japanese Lake Suigetsu ‘SG06’ sediment core: description, interpretation and climatic implications. Quaternary Science Reviews, 83, pp. 157-170. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.10.026)


Motuzaite-Matuzeviciute, G., Staff, R. A. , Hunt, H. V., Liu, X. and Jones, M. K. (2013) The early chronology of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum) in Europe. Antiquity, 87(338), pp. 1073-1085. (doi:10.1017/S0003598X00049875)

Smith, V. C., Staff, R. A. , Blockley, S. P.E., Bronk Ramsey, C., Nakagawa, T., Mark, D. F., Takemura, K. and Danhara, T. (2013) Corrigendum to “Identification and correlation of visible tephras in the Lake Suigetsu SG06 sedimentary archive, Japan: chronostratigraphic markers for synchronising of east Asian/west Pacific palaeoclimatic records across the last 150 ka” [Quat. Sci. Rev. 67 (2013) 121–137]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 80, p. 206. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.06.013)

Macken, A. C., Staff, R. A. and Reed, E. H. (2013) Bayesian age-depth modelling of Late Quaternary deposits from Wet and Blanche Caves, Naracoorte, South Australia: A framework for comparative faunal analyses. Quaternary Geochronology, 17, pp. 26-43. (doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2013.03.001)

Smith, V. C., Staff, R. A. , Blockley, S. P.E., Ramsey, C. B., Nakagawa, T., Mark, D. F., Takemura, K. and Danhara, T. (2013) Identification and correlation of visible tephras in the Lake Suigetsu SG06 sedimentary archive, Japan: chronostratigraphic markers for synchronising of east Asian/west pacific palaeoclimatic records across the last 150 ka. Quaternary Science Reviews, 67, pp. 121-137. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2013.01.026)

Staff, R. A. et al. (2013) The multiple chronological techniques applied to the Lake Suigetsu SG06 sediment core, central Japan. Boreas, 42(2), pp. 259-266. (doi:10.1111/j.1502-3885.2012.00278.x)

Hogg, A. et al. (2013) The New Zealand Kauri (Agathis Australis) Research Project: A Radiocarbon Dating Intercomparison of Younger Dryas Wood and Implications for IntCal13. Radiocarbon, 55(4), pp. 2035-2048. (doi:10.2458/azu_js_rc.v55i2.16217)

Reimer, P. J. et al. (2013) IntCal13 and Marine13 Radiocarbon Age Calibration Curves 0–50,000 Years cal BP. Radiocarbon, 55(4), pp. 1869-1887. (doi:10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16947)

Saito-Kato, M., Yamada, K., Staff, R. A. , Nakagawa, T., Yonenobu, H., Haraguchi, T., Takemura, K. and Bronk Ramsey, C. (2013) An assessment of the magnitude of the AD 1586 Tensho tsunami inferred from Lake Suigetsu sediment cores. pp. 493-501. (doi:10.5026/jgeography.122.493)

Staff, R. A. et al. (2013) Integration of the old and new Lake Suigetsu (Japan) terrestrial radiocarbon calibration data sets. Radiocarbon, 55(4), pp. 2049-2058. (doi:10.2458/azu_js_rc.v55i2.16339)


Marshall, M. et al. (2012) A novel approach to varve counting using μXRF and X-radiography in combination with thin-section microscopy, applied to the Late Glacial chronology from Lake Suigetsu, Japan. Quaternary Geochronology, 13, pp. 70-80. (doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2012.06.002)

Schlolaut, G. et al. (2012) An automated method for varve interpolation and its application to the late glacial chronology from Lake Suigetsu, Japan. Quaternary Geochronology, 13, pp. 52-69. (doi:10.1016/j.quageo.2012.07.005)

Bronk Ramsey, C. et al. (2012) A complete terrestrial radiocarbon record for 11.2 to 52.8 kyr B.P. Science, 338(6105), pp. 370-374. (doi:10.1126/science.1226660)

Nakagawa, T. et al. (2012) SG06, a fully continuous and varved sediment core from Lake Suigetsu, Japan: stratigraphy and potential for improving the radiocarbon calibration model and understanding of late Quaternary climate changes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 36, pp. 164-176. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.12.013)


Smith, V. C. et al. (2011) Toward establishing precise 40Ar/39Ar chronologies for Late Pleistocene palaeoclimate archives: an example from Suigetsu SG06, Japan. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30(21-22), pp. 2845-2850. (doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.06.020)

Kossler, A. et al. (2011) Onset and termination of the late-glacial climate reversal in the high-resolution diatom and sedimentary records from the annually laminated SG06 core from Lake Suigetsu, Japan. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 306(3-4), pp. 103-115. (doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2011.04.004)

Staff, R. A. et al. (2011) New 14C Determinations from Lake Suigetsu, Japan: 12,000 to O Cal Bp. Radiocarbon, 53(3), pp. 511-528. (doi:10.1017/S0033822200034627)


Tyler, J. et al. (2010) Tracking aquatic change using chlorine-specific carbon and nitrogen isotopes: the last glacial-interglacial transition at Lake Suigetsu, Japan. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 11(9), pp. 1-19. (doi:10.1029/2010GC003186)

Staff, R.A. , Bronk Ramsey, C. and Nakagawa, T. (2010) A re-analysis of the Lake Suigetsu terrestrial radiocarbon calibration dataset. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 268(7-8), pp. 960-965. (doi:10.1016/j.nimb.2009.10.074)

Ramsey, C. B., Dee, M., Lee, S., Nakagawa, T. and Staff, R. A. (2010) Developments in the calibration and modeling of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon, 52(3), pp. 953-961. (doi:10.1017/S0033822200046063)

This list was generated on Sat Feb 17 23:14:13 2018 GMT.