Dr Gillian Mackinnon

  • Lecturer in Biogeochemical Tracers (Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre)

telephone: 01355270142
email: Gillian.MacKinnon@glasgow.ac.uk

Research interests

  • Using organic, inorganic and radionuclide species as tracers of environmental processes
  • Understanding the behaviour of pollutants in the environment
  • Remediation of environmental contaminants
  • Environmental analytical chemistry

My research and teaching interests comfortably encompass organic, inorganic and radionuclide geochemistry, focusing on using carbon isotopes, inorganic isotopes and radioisotopes as biogeochemical tracers in the environment.

Current Research

LoRISE : Long-lived Radionuclides in the Surface Environment - Mechanistic Studies of Speciation, Environmental Transport and Transfer. 

This is a NERC consortium project consisting of seven universities, the Scottish Association for Marine Science and the UK’s synchrotron, Diamond Light Source.  The project will characterise biogeochemical, biological and radiological conditions at four 'natural laboratories' that contain elevated levels of these radionuclides from man-made and natural sources, spanning both onshore and offshore locations in the UK.

LoRISE website

Understanding the persistence, transformation and fate of CIPC in commercial potato stores to help guard against cross-contamination.

This research, funded by the Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board – Potatoes, focuses on understanding the germination and cross contamination problems brought about by CIPC residues in potato stores.  The research will have significant cross-division impact for Potatoes, Horticulture and Cereals and Oilseeds and will deliver innovative solutions with practical benefits to the AHDB and the industry as a whole. 

CIPC project website


Grants

Understanding the persistence, transformation and fate of CIPC in commercial potato stores to help guard against cross-contamination. With G Cook (SUERC) and H Duncan (University of Glasgow). AHDB-Potato Council, 115R485. £91,963, 2014-2018.

Long-lived Radionuclides in the Surface Environment - Mechanistic Studies of Speciation, Environmental Transport and Transfer, marine work package. With G Cook and S Xu. NERC, NE/L0002021/1. £479,016, 2013-2017.

Development of CIPC best practice recommendations for low-temperature box stores. With H Duncan (University of Glasgow) and A Briddon (Sutton Bridge Crop Storage Research).  AHDB-Potato Council, R463. £34,000, 2012-2015.

Removal of heavy metal and radiotoxic ions from aqueous solutions by biosorption. With A Kausar (University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan). HEC Pakistan. £1750, 2013.

Fate of particulate and dissolved carbon losses from peatlands. RSC Alan Tetlow Memorial Award. £1000, 2012.

Heavy metal and PAH contamination in an oil spilled brackish water system and the health risks on the people of Bodo City, Niger Delta, Nigeria. With I Vincent-Akpu (University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria), A Tyler (University of Stirling) and C Wilson (University of Stirling). Commonwealth International Research Scholarship. £1075, 2012. 

Sampling and analytical techniques for determination of PAHs in river and estuarine sediments. O I Nwachukwu (Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Nigeria), A B MacKenzie (SUERC) and I D Pulford (University of Glasgow). Tertiary Education Trust Fund (TETFUND), Nigeria. 2012. 


Supervision

  • Helen Kinch (PhD candidate, current)
    14C and 129I in the Organic Carbon Reservoirs of the UK West Coast Intertidal Environment.
  • Leisa A Douglas (PhD candidate, current)
    Understanding the persistence, transformation and fate of CIPC (Chlorpropham) in commercial potato stores to help guard against cross-contamination.
  • Michael Muir (PhD candidate, current)
    Role of organic matter in binding U/Ra and incorporating 14C.
  • Kieran Tierney (PhD candidate, current)
    Long-distance transfer, speciation and food web modeling of 14C.
  • Kenneth Macgregor (PhD candidate, current)
    Variations in potentially toxic elemental (Sb, Pb, Cu and Zn) and PAH concentrations and associations in run-off from urban and rural areas.
  • Wolfram Buss (PhD candidate, current)
    Contaminant issues in production and application of biochar from both virgin and non-virgin feedstock.
  • David Blair (PhD, completed 2013)
    Carbon and contaminant trace metal biogeochemistry in surficial organic-rich terrestrial systems.

Teaching

  • 2009 – present
    Environmental Radioactivity, BSc/MSci in Environmental Chemistry
    School of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh
  • 2007 – 2014
    Environmental Radioactivity, BSc (Hons) in Environmental Chemistry
    School of Chemistry, Glasgow
  • 2012
    Elemental and Isotope Spectrometry, BSc/MSci in Environmental Chemistry
    School of Chemistry, University of Edinburgh

Additional information

Brief Biography

I have a BSc (Hons, Environmental Chemistry) and PhD (Chemistry) from the University of Glasgow.  My early research spanned the topics of natural attenuation and phytoremediation of petroleum hydrocarbon contaminated soils, potential transfer into the human food chain of toxic and allergenic metals derived from vehicle exhaust emissions and the behaviour of uranium in natural systems as part of an on-going waste repository assessment.  I then moved to industry to project manage a team engaged in the development and application of analytical methods for trace levels analysis of veterinary pharmaceutical residues/ agrochemical residues to support regulatory submissions.  I returned to the University of Glasgow in 2007 to take up the position of lecturer in Biogeochemical Tracers at SUERC/University of Glasgow. I am a Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry and a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy.  

Professional Affiliations

Elected vice chair of the Scottish Analytical Division, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014

Fellow of the UK Higher Education Academy, 2011

Member of the Royal Society of Chemistry, 2002

External examiner

Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. 2016, PhD.Distribution, correlation, source apportionment, bioaccessibility and health risk assessments of selected metals in water, sediments, soil and fish from Mangla Lake, Pakistan.

Norwegian University of Science & Technology, Trondheim, Norway. 2014, PhD. Trace elements and their interactions with natural organic matter in water.

University of Agricultural, Faisalabad, Pakistan. 2014, PhD. Decolorisation of synthetic dyes by citrus peroxidase.

Internal examiner

PhD. Nutrient Value of Waste Material. School of Chemistry, 2015

MSc. Testing recent chronological techniques for peat sites with contrasting anthropogenic influences’. SUERC, 2012

PhD. Assessing impact of windfarm related disturbance on streamwater carbon, phosphorous and nitrogen dynamics: a case study of the Whitelee catchments. School of Geographical and Earth Sciences, 2011

PhD. Chitosans as soil amendments for the remediation of metal contaminated soil. School of Chemistry, 2011

PhD examination convenor

PhD. Improving the 14C dating of south-west Scottish wetland sites. SUERC, 2015


Publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2013 | 2011 | 2010 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 1999
Number of items: 22.

2017

Douglas, L., MacKinnon, G. , Cook, G., Duncan, H., Briddon, A. and Seamark, S. (2017) Determination of Chlorpropham (CIPC) residues, in the concrete flooring of potato stores, using quantitative (HPLC UV/VIS) and qualitative (GCMS) methods. Chemosphere, (doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.12.010) (In Press)

Tierney, K. M. et al. (2017) Nuclear reprocessing-related radiocarbon (14C) uptake into UK marine mammals. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 124(1), pp. 43-50. (doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.07.002) (PMID:28693808)

Tierney, K. M. , Muir, G. K.P. , Cook, G. T., MacKinnon, G. , Howe, J. A., Heymans, J. J., Hughes, D. J. and Xu, S. (2017) Ecosystem uptake and transfer of Sellafield-derived radiocarbon (14C) Part 2: The West of Scotland. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 115(1-2), pp. 57-66. (doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.11.014) (PMID:27899176)

Alexander, W. R., Reijonen, H. M., MacKinnon, G. , Milodowski, A. E., Pitty, A. F. and Siathas, A. (2017) Assessing the long-term behaviour of the industrial Bentonites employed in a repository for radioactive wastes by studying natural bentonites in the field. Geosciences, 7(1), 5. (doi:10.3390/geosciences7010005)

Muir, G. K.P. , Tierney, K. M. , Cook, G. T., MacKinnon, G. , Howe, J. A., Heymans, J. J., Hughes, D. J. and Xu, S. (2017) Ecosystem uptake and transfer of Sellafield-derived radiocarbon (14C). Part 1. The Irish Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 114(2), pp. 792-804. (doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.10.072)

2016

Buss, W., Graham, M. C., MacKinnon, G. and Mašek, O. (2016) Strategies for producing biochars with minimum PAH contamination. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 119, pp. 24-30. (doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2016.04.001)

Kausar, A., Bhatti, H. N. and MacKinnon, G. (2016) Re-use of agricultural wastes for the removal and recovery of Zr(IV) from aqueous solutions. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 59, pp. 330-340. (doi:10.1016/j.jtice.2015.08.016)

Tierney, K. M. , Muir, G. P.K. , Cook, G. T., MacKinnon, G. , Howe, J. A., Heymans, J. J. and Xu, S. (2016) Accumulation of Sellafield-derived radiocarbon (14C) in Irish Sea and West of Scotland intertidal shells and sediments. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 151(1), pp. 321-327. (doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2015.10.029)

Gu, H., Hargreaves, J., McFarlane, A. and MacKinnon, G. (2016) The carbon deposits formed by reaction of a series of red mud samples with methanol. RSC Advances, 6(6), pp. 46421-46426. (doi:10.1039/C6RA06204K)

2015

Macgregor, K., MacKinnon, G. , Farmer, J. G. and Graham, M. C. (2015) Mobility of antimony, arsenic and lead at a former mine, Glendinning, Scotland. Science of the Total Environment, 529, pp. 213-222. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.039) (PMID:26011617)

Muir, G. K. P., Cook, G. T., MacKenzie, A. B., MacKinnon, G. and Gulliver, P. (2015) Anomalous 14C enrichments in the eastern UK coastal environment. Radiocarbon, 57(3), pp. 337-345. (doi:10.2458/azu_rc.57.18395)

Vincent-Akpu, I. F., Tyler, A. N., Wilson, C. and MacKinnon, G. (2015) Assessment of physico-chemical properties and metal contents of water and sediments of Bodo Creek, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, 97(2), pp. 135-144. (doi:10.1080/02772248.2015.1041526)

2013

Kausar, A., Bhatti, H.N. and MacKinnon, G. (2013) Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the removal of U(VI) by low cost agricultural waste. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 111, pp. 124-133. (doi:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.05.028)

MacKinnon, G. and Duncan, H.J. (2013) Phytotoxicity of branched cyclohexanes found in the volatile fraction of diesel fuel on germination of selected grass species. Chemosphere, 90(3), pp. 952-957. (doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.06.038)

2011

MacKinnon, G. , MacKenzie, A.B., Cook, G.T., Pulford, I.D., Duncan, H.J. and Scott, E.M. (2011) Spatial and temporal variations in Pb concentrations and isotopic composition in road dust, farmland soil and vegetation in proximity to roads since cessation of use of leaded petrol in the UK. Science of the Total Environment, 409(23), pp. 5010-5019. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.08.010)

2010

Ho, P., Jarvis, M. and MacKinnon, G. (2010) Application of a new ultrasound-assisted method to extract organic fractions from peat. Oculus, 21(Spring), pp. 95-100.

2003

Adam, G. and Duncan, H. (2003) The effect of diesel fuel on Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) plants. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 25(1), pp. 123-130. (doi:10.1023/A:1021228327540) (PMID:12901087)

2002

Smith, M.J., Adam, G. , Duncan, H..J. and Cowling, M.J. (2002) The effects of cationic surfactants on marine biofilm growth on hydrogels. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 55(3), pp. 361-367. (doi:10.1006/ecss.2001.0910)

Adam, G. and Duncan, H. (2002) Influence of diesel fuel on seed germination. Environmental Pollution, 120(2), pp. 363-370. (doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00119-7)

Adam, G. , Gamoh, K., Morrison, D. G. and Duncan, H. (2002) Effect of alcohol addition on the movement of petroleum hydrocarbon fuels in soil. Science of the Total Environment, 286(1-3), pp. 15-25. (doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(01)00956-1) (PMID:11886090)

2001

Adam, G. and Duncan, H. (2001) Development of a sensitive and rapid method for the measurement of total microbial activity using fluorescein diacetate (FDA) in a range of soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 33(7-8), pp. 943-951. (doi:10.1016/S0038-0717(00)00244-3)

1999

Adam, G. and Duncan, H.J. (1999) Effect of diesel fuel on growth of selected plant species. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 21(4), pp. 353-357. (doi:10.1023/A:1006744603461)

This list was generated on Sun Dec 17 18:04:55 2017 GMT.
Jump to: Articles
Number of items: 22.

Articles

Douglas, L., MacKinnon, G. , Cook, G., Duncan, H., Briddon, A. and Seamark, S. (2017) Determination of Chlorpropham (CIPC) residues, in the concrete flooring of potato stores, using quantitative (HPLC UV/VIS) and qualitative (GCMS) methods. Chemosphere, (doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.12.010) (In Press)

Tierney, K. M. et al. (2017) Nuclear reprocessing-related radiocarbon (14C) uptake into UK marine mammals. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 124(1), pp. 43-50. (doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2017.07.002) (PMID:28693808)

Tierney, K. M. , Muir, G. K.P. , Cook, G. T., MacKinnon, G. , Howe, J. A., Heymans, J. J., Hughes, D. J. and Xu, S. (2017) Ecosystem uptake and transfer of Sellafield-derived radiocarbon (14C) Part 2: The West of Scotland. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 115(1-2), pp. 57-66. (doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.11.014) (PMID:27899176)

Alexander, W. R., Reijonen, H. M., MacKinnon, G. , Milodowski, A. E., Pitty, A. F. and Siathas, A. (2017) Assessing the long-term behaviour of the industrial Bentonites employed in a repository for radioactive wastes by studying natural bentonites in the field. Geosciences, 7(1), 5. (doi:10.3390/geosciences7010005)

Muir, G. K.P. , Tierney, K. M. , Cook, G. T., MacKinnon, G. , Howe, J. A., Heymans, J. J., Hughes, D. J. and Xu, S. (2017) Ecosystem uptake and transfer of Sellafield-derived radiocarbon (14C). Part 1. The Irish Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 114(2), pp. 792-804. (doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.10.072)

Buss, W., Graham, M. C., MacKinnon, G. and Mašek, O. (2016) Strategies for producing biochars with minimum PAH contamination. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, 119, pp. 24-30. (doi:10.1016/j.jaap.2016.04.001)

Kausar, A., Bhatti, H. N. and MacKinnon, G. (2016) Re-use of agricultural wastes for the removal and recovery of Zr(IV) from aqueous solutions. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers, 59, pp. 330-340. (doi:10.1016/j.jtice.2015.08.016)

Tierney, K. M. , Muir, G. P.K. , Cook, G. T., MacKinnon, G. , Howe, J. A., Heymans, J. J. and Xu, S. (2016) Accumulation of Sellafield-derived radiocarbon (14C) in Irish Sea and West of Scotland intertidal shells and sediments. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 151(1), pp. 321-327. (doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2015.10.029)

Gu, H., Hargreaves, J., McFarlane, A. and MacKinnon, G. (2016) The carbon deposits formed by reaction of a series of red mud samples with methanol. RSC Advances, 6(6), pp. 46421-46426. (doi:10.1039/C6RA06204K)

Macgregor, K., MacKinnon, G. , Farmer, J. G. and Graham, M. C. (2015) Mobility of antimony, arsenic and lead at a former mine, Glendinning, Scotland. Science of the Total Environment, 529, pp. 213-222. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.04.039) (PMID:26011617)

Muir, G. K. P., Cook, G. T., MacKenzie, A. B., MacKinnon, G. and Gulliver, P. (2015) Anomalous 14C enrichments in the eastern UK coastal environment. Radiocarbon, 57(3), pp. 337-345. (doi:10.2458/azu_rc.57.18395)

Vincent-Akpu, I. F., Tyler, A. N., Wilson, C. and MacKinnon, G. (2015) Assessment of physico-chemical properties and metal contents of water and sediments of Bodo Creek, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Toxicological and Environmental Chemistry, 97(2), pp. 135-144. (doi:10.1080/02772248.2015.1041526)

Kausar, A., Bhatti, H.N. and MacKinnon, G. (2013) Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the removal of U(VI) by low cost agricultural waste. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, 111, pp. 124-133. (doi:10.1016/j.colsurfb.2013.05.028)

MacKinnon, G. and Duncan, H.J. (2013) Phytotoxicity of branched cyclohexanes found in the volatile fraction of diesel fuel on germination of selected grass species. Chemosphere, 90(3), pp. 952-957. (doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2012.06.038)

MacKinnon, G. , MacKenzie, A.B., Cook, G.T., Pulford, I.D., Duncan, H.J. and Scott, E.M. (2011) Spatial and temporal variations in Pb concentrations and isotopic composition in road dust, farmland soil and vegetation in proximity to roads since cessation of use of leaded petrol in the UK. Science of the Total Environment, 409(23), pp. 5010-5019. (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2011.08.010)

Ho, P., Jarvis, M. and MacKinnon, G. (2010) Application of a new ultrasound-assisted method to extract organic fractions from peat. Oculus, 21(Spring), pp. 95-100.

Adam, G. and Duncan, H. (2003) The effect of diesel fuel on Common vetch (Vicia sativa L.) plants. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 25(1), pp. 123-130. (doi:10.1023/A:1021228327540) (PMID:12901087)

Smith, M.J., Adam, G. , Duncan, H..J. and Cowling, M.J. (2002) The effects of cationic surfactants on marine biofilm growth on hydrogels. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 55(3), pp. 361-367. (doi:10.1006/ecss.2001.0910)

Adam, G. and Duncan, H. (2002) Influence of diesel fuel on seed germination. Environmental Pollution, 120(2), pp. 363-370. (doi:10.1016/S0269-7491(02)00119-7)

Adam, G. , Gamoh, K., Morrison, D. G. and Duncan, H. (2002) Effect of alcohol addition on the movement of petroleum hydrocarbon fuels in soil. Science of the Total Environment, 286(1-3), pp. 15-25. (doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(01)00956-1) (PMID:11886090)

Adam, G. and Duncan, H. (2001) Development of a sensitive and rapid method for the measurement of total microbial activity using fluorescein diacetate (FDA) in a range of soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 33(7-8), pp. 943-951. (doi:10.1016/S0038-0717(00)00244-3)

Adam, G. and Duncan, H.J. (1999) Effect of diesel fuel on growth of selected plant species. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 21(4), pp. 353-357. (doi:10.1023/A:1006744603461)

This list was generated on Sun Dec 17 18:04:55 2017 GMT.