New discovery of early medieval 'Govan Warrior' stone

Published: 18 September 2023

An archaeological dig at Govan Old Churchyard led by the University of Glasgow’s Professor Stephen Driscoll and Clyde Archaeology revealed a remarkable new find: an early medieval carved stone of a warrior figure.

The ‘Govan Warrior’ discovered at Govan Old churchyard on 16th September 2023. Credit: Govan Heritage Trust

An archaeological dig at Govan Old Churchyard led by the University of Glasgow’s Professor Stephen Driscoll and Clyde Archaeology revealed a remarkable new find: an early medieval carved stone of a warrior figure, quite unlike any others discovered at this ancient site, which is celebrated for the richness of its Viking-age sculpture.

The stone portrays a man side-on carrying a round shield and a shaft over their shoulder. The man is probably carrying either a sword or a spear and can be described as a warrior. While much of the warrior’s face has been damaged since it was carved over a thousand years ago, remarkable details suggest a flowing ponytail and a sharply pointed beard.

Govan Old is the home of the Govan Stones museum, which contains one of the finest collections of early medieval and Viking-age sculpture in Europe. A collection of over 30 sculptures produced by the Viking-age Kingdom of Strathclyde, a lost kingdom of Old Welsh-speaking Britons who dominated the Clyde valley from the 5th - 11th centuries AD.

The new find found on Saturday 16 September 2023, currently nicknamed the ‘Govan Warrior’, is exceptional for its quality even amongst the superb existing collection, which includes the unique Govan Sarcophagus, the Govan Cross and five hogback gravestones, a Scandinavian-style funerary monument that dates to the 9th/10th centuries.

The Govan Warrior is unique within the existing collection due to its stylistic characteristics, which has drawn parallels with Pictish art and carvings from the Isle of Man. Unlike the other stones in the Govan collection, whose chunky style of carving is so distinctive that it has been described as a school of carving in its own right (the ‘Govan School’), the Govan Warrior is lightly incised, which may bring parallels with famous Pictish stones like the Rhynie Man from Aberdeenshire.

The Excavations at Govan Old have been undertaken by the University of Glasgow under the leadership of Professor Stephen Driscoll, also a Trustee of Govan Heritage Trust, the custodians of Govan Old church since 2016. The Govan Warrior stone was discovered during a community fun day organised as part of Glasgow Doors Open Days Festival, co-ordinated by Glasgow Building Preservation Trust.

Over 500 people visited the site over the weekend and dozens of volunteers from the Govan community participated in excavations for the first time, alongside archaeology students from the University of Glasgow and Clyde Archaeology.

Professor Stephen Driscoll said: “It’s a style that makes us think both about the Pictish world and also about the Isle of Man and it’s interesting that we are halfway between these two places. Govan is the ideal place for these two artistic traditions or styles to come together.

“This is probably the most important find that I’ve made in my 30 years of working at Govan Old. The new stone is very exciting because it takes the collection to a different cultural place as it does not look like the heavier and chunkier ‘Govan School’ style. The new stone is much more delicate in its execution using finer shallow incisions.”


Govan Heritage Trust

Govan Heritage Trust, in conjunction with sister charity Govan Workspace Ltd, is currently undertaking a 5-year redevelopment of the A-listed Govan Old church, including the installation of a state-of-the-art River Sourced Heat Plant which will use green energy to power the heritage site.

Govan Old is open to the public until the 31 October, 1pm-4pm. The Govan Stones museum at Govan Old Govan Old is managed by The Govan Heritage Trust SCIO. Govan Heritage Trust was formed in Jan 2015 to rescue two imperilled national assets, the former Govan Old Church and, within it, the Govan Stones.

The Trust was formally handed over ownership of the building and collection in August 2016. The A-Listed Govan church is a Robert Rowan Anderson building, described architecturally as possibly the most influential post-Reformation church building in Scotland. The Govan Stones are one of the UK’s largest collections of early medieval sculpture. 

First published: 18 September 2023