Professor Mia Crampin

  • Professor (Public Health)

Biography

Prof Amelia (Mia) Crampin graduated MBCHB from Manchester Medical School and completed internships and clinical and pathology rotations in Manchester. After a DTM&H at Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, she became interested in Public Health and Epidemiology and joined a Public Health Specialist Registrar rotation in South East London, including secondments to Communicable Disease Surveillance Centre at (now) Public Health England and a Masters in Public Health at St Georges, London. On completing specialist training, through an appointment at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, in 1998 she took up a field epidemiologist post at the Karonga Prevention Study (now Malawi Epidemiology and Intervention Research Unit- MEIRU) and has been living and working in Malawi since; currently as Director of MEIRU. MEIRU has urban and rural study platforms  in Lilongwe and Karonga, and includes a demographic surveillance site in rural Karonga. In 2018, she joined the Institute of Health and Wellbeing as part of a partnership agreement between the University of Glasgow and MEIRU.

She has published widely in the epidemiology of HIV and TB, but current work explores chronic conditions in Malawi, including hypertension, diabetes, obesity and depression. Her work includes epidemiology and mechanistic studies of the origins of chronic conditions, but also interventions; from community based interventions aimed at reducing cardiovascular risk for future generations to those aimed at improving management in clinical settings. She is involved in several large data sharing initiatives and is the principal investigator of the African Non-communicable Disease Longitudinal data Alliance (ANDLA).

 

Publications

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Number of items: 190.

2020

Soares, A. L. G., Banda, L., Amberbir, A., Jaffar, S., Musicha, C., Price, A. J., Crampin, A. C. , Nyirenda, M. J. and Lawlor, D. A. (2020) A comparison of the associations between adiposity and lipids in Malawi and the United Kingdom. BMC Medicine, 18(1), 181. (doi: 10.1186/s12916-020-01648-0) (PMID:32669098) (PMCID:PMC7364601)

Sobkowiak, B., Banda, L., Mzembe, T., Crampin, A. C. , Glynn, J. R. and Clark, T. G. (2020) Bayesian reconstruction of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission networks in a high incidence area over two decades in Malawi reveals associated risk factors and genomic variants. Microbial Genomics, (doi: 10.1099/mgen.0.000361) (PMID:32234123) (Early Online Publication)

Kalyesubula, R. et al. (2020) How to estimate glomerular filtration rate in sub-Saharan Africa: design and methods of the African Research into Kidney Diseases (ARK) study. BMC Nephrology, 21(1), 20. (doi: 10.1186/s12882-020-1688-0) (PMID:31941441) (PMCID:PMC6964098)

Glynn, J. R., McLean, E., Malava, J., Dube, A., Katundu, C., Crampin, A. C. and Geis, S. (2020) Effect of acute illness on contact patterns, Malawi, 2017. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 26(1), pp. 44-50. (doi: 10.3201/eid2601.181539) (PMID:31855144) (PMCID:PMC6924881)

2019

Prynn, J. E., Dube, A., Mwaiyeghele, E., Mwiba, O., Geis, S., Koole, O., Nyirenda, M., Kuper, H. and Crampin, A. C. (2019) Self-reported disability in rural Malawi: prevalence, incidence, and relationship to chronic conditions. Wellcome Open Research, 4, 90. (doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15196.2)

Chilunga, F. P., Musicha, C., Tafatatha, T., Geis, S., Nyirenda, M. J., Crampin, A. and Price, A. J. (2019) Investigating associations between rural-to-urban migration and cardiometabolic disease in Malawi: a population-level study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 48(6), pp. 1850-1862. (doi: 10.1093/ije/dyz198) (PMID:31603469) (PMCID:PMC6929524)

Blackstock, S., Witham, M. D., Wade, A. N., Crampin, A. , Beran, D., Ogle, G. D. and Davies, J. I. (2019) Ability of verbal autopsy data to detect deaths due to uncontrolled hyperglycaemia: testing existing methods and development and validation of a novel weighted score. BMJ Open, 9(10), e026331. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026331) (PMID:31630097) (PMCID:PMC6803086)

Soares, A. L. G., Banda, L., Amberbir, A., Jaffar, S., Musicha, C., Price, A., Nyrienda, M. J., Lawlor, D. A. and Crampin, A. (2019) Sex and area differences in the association between adiposity and lipid profile in Malawi. BMJ Global Health, 4(5), e001542. (doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2019-001542) (PMID:31565403) (PMCID:PMC6747887)

Sunny, B. S., DeStavola, B., Dube, A., Price, A., Kaonga, A. M., Kondowe, S., Crampin, A. C. and Glynn, J. R. (2019) Lusting, learning and lasting in school: sexual debut, school performance and dropout among adolescents in primary schools in Karonga district, northern Malawi. Journal of Biosocial Science, 51(5), pp. 720-736. (doi: 10.1017/S0021932019000051) (PMID:31030681)

Nakanga, W. P., Prynn, J. E., Banda, L., Kalyesubula, R., Tomlinson, L. A., Nyirenda, M. and Crampin, A. C. (2019) Prevalence of impaired renal function among rural and urban populations: findings of a cross-sectional study in Malawi. Wellcome Open Research, 4, 92. (doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15255.1)

Mvula, H., Chisambo, C., Nyirenda, V., Geis, S., Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. , Nyirenda, M., Smeeth, L., Walker, R. and Price, A. J. (2019) Community-level knowledge and perceptions of stroke in rural Malawi. Stroke, 50(7), pp. 1846-1849. (doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.025105) (PMID:31164071) (PMCID:PMC6594749)

Amberbir, A. et al. (2019) Systematic review of hypertension and diabetes burden, risk factors, and interventions for prevention and control in Malawi. Global Heart, 14(2), pp. 109-118. (doi: 10.1016/j.gheart.2019.05.001) (PMID:31324364)

Farmer, A. et al. (2019) Mobile messaging support versus usual care for people with type 2 diabetes on glycemic control: protocol for a multicenter randomized controlled trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 8(6), e12377. (doi: 10.2196/12377) (PMID:31199346) (PMCID:PMC6592392)

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), . and Crampin, A. (2019) Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global obesity epidemic in adults. Nature, 569(7755), pp. 260-264. (doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1171-x) (PMID:31068725)

Gomez-Gonzalez, P. J., Andreu, N., Phelan, J. E., Florez de Sessions, P., Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. , Campino, S., Butcher, P. D., Hibberd, M. L. and Clark, T. G. (2019) An integrated whole genome analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveals insights into relationship between its genome, transcriptome and methylome. Scientific Reports, 9, 5204. (doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-41692-2) (PMID:30914757) (PMCID:PMC6435705)

Duffy, F. J. et al. (2019) Immunometabolic signatures predict risk of progression to active tuberculosis and disease outcome. Frontiers in Immunology, 10, 527. (doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2019.00527) (PMID:30967866) (PMCID:PMC6440524)

Coates, M. M. et al. (2019) A comparison of all-cause and cause-specific mortality by household socioeconomic status across seven INDEPTH network health and demographic surveillance systems in sub-Saharan Africa. Global Health Action, 12(1), 1608013. (doi: 10.1080/16549716.2019.1608013) (PMID:31092155) (PMCID:PMC6534200)

2018

Vaughan, M., Dube, A., Namadingo, H., Crampin, A. , Gondwe, L., Kapira, G., Mbughi, J. and Nyasulu, M. (2018) Dietary change, noncommunicable disease and local knowledge: results of a small-scale study of the views of older Malawians. Wellcome Open Research, 3, 158. (doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.14887.1)

Weiner, J. et al. (2018) Metabolite changes in blood predict the onset of tuberculosis. Nature Communications, 9(1), 5208. (doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-07635-7) (PMID:30523338) (PMCID:PMC6283869)

Schooling, C. M., Sunny, B. S., DeStavola, B., Dube, A., Kondowe, S., Crampin, A. C. and Glynn, J. R. (2018) Does early linear growth failure influence later school performance? A cohort study in Karonga district, northern Malawi. PLoS ONE, 13(11), e0200380. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0200380) (PMID:30395573) (PMCID:PMC6218019)

Heinsbroek, E., Tafatatha, T., Phiri, A., Swarthout, T. D., Alaerts, M., Crampin, A. C. , Chisambo, C., Mwiba, O., Read, J. M. and French, N. (2018) Pneumococcal carriage in households in Karonga District, Malawi, before and after introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination. Vaccine, 36(48), pp. 7369-7376. (doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.10.021) (PMID:30352744) (PMCID:PMC6238076)

Farmer, A. et al. (2018) Mobile messaging support versus usual care for people with type 2 diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa: a protocol for a multicentre randomized controlled trial (StAR2D). JMIR Preprints, 12377. (doi: 10.2196/preprints.12377)

Bar-Zeev, N. et al. (2018) Impact of monovalent rotavirus vaccine on diarrhoea-associated post-neonatal infant mortality in rural communities in Malawi: a population-based birth cohort study. Lancet Global Health, 6(9), e1036-e1044. (doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30314-0) (PMID:30103981) (PMCID:PMC6088152)

Mudie, K., Lawlor, D. A., Pearce, N., Crampin, A. , Tomlinson, L., Tafatatha, T., Musicha, C., Nitsch, D., Smeeth, L. and Nyirenda, M. J. (2018) How does the association of general and central adiposity with glycaemia and blood pressure differ by gender and area of residence in a Malawian population: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 47(3), pp. 887-898. (doi: 10.1093/ije/dyy047) (PMID:29648664) (PMCID:PMC6005143)

Price, A. J. et al. (2018) Prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, and cascade of care in sub-Saharan Africa: a cross-sectional, population-based study in rural and urban Malawi. Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, 6(3), pp. 208-222. (doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587(17)30432-1) (PMID:29371076) (PMCID:PMC5835666)

Coll, F. et al. (2018) Genome-wide analysis of multi- and extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Nature Genetics, 50(2), pp. 307-316. (doi: 10.1038/s41588-017-0029-0) (PMID:29358649)

Suliman, S. et al. (2018) Four-gene pan-African blood signature predicts progression to tuberculosis. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 197(9), pp. 1198-1208. (doi: 10.1164/rccm.201711-2340OC) (PMID:29624071) (PMCID:PMC6019933)

2017

Phaswana-Mafuya, N., Peltzer, K., Crampin, A. , Ahame, E. and Sokhela, Z. (2017) Prevalence of self-reported diagnosed cataract and associated risk factors among elderly South Africans. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 14(12), 1523. (doi: 10.3390/ijerph14121523) (PMID:29211038) (PMCID:PMC5750941)

Ambia, J. et al. (2017) From policy to practice: exploring the implementation of antiretroviral therapy access and retention policies between 2013 and 2016 in six sub-Saharan African countries. BMC Health Services Research, 17(1), 758. (doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2678-1) (PMID:29162065) (PMCID:PMC5698969)

Khan, P.Y., Crampin, A.C. , Mzembe, T., Koole, O., Fielding, K.L., Kranzer, K. and Glynn, J.R. (2017) Does antiretroviral treatment increase the infectiousness of smear-positive pulmonary tuberculosis? International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 21(11), pp. 1147-1154. (doi: 10.5588/ijtld.17.0162) (PMID:29037295) (PMCID:PMC5644739)

Khan, P.Y., Glynn, J. R., Mzembe, T., Mulawa, D., Chiumya, R., Crampin, A. C. , Kranzer, K. and Fielding, K. L. (2017) Challenges in the estimation of the annual risk of mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in children aged less than 5 years. American Journal of Epidemiology, 186(8), pp. 1015-1022. (doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx153) (PMID:28525582) (PMCID:PMC5784799)

Hendrix, N. et al. (2017) The economic impact of childhood acute gastroenteritis on Malawian families and the healthcare system. BMJ Open, 7(9), e017347. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017347) (PMID:28871025) (PMCID:PMC5589001)

McLean, E., Price, A., Chihana, M., Kayuni, N., Marston, M., Koole, O., Zaba, B. and Crampin, A. (2017) Changes in fertility at the population level in the era of ART in rural Malawi. JAIDS: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 75(4), pp. 391-398. (doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001395) (PMID:28653969) (PMCID:PMC5483985)

Mangal, T. D. and UNAIDS Working Group, (2017) Joint estimation of CD4+ cell progression and survival in untreated individuals with HIV-1 infection. AIDS, 31(8), pp. 1073-1082. (doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001437) (PMID:28301424) (PMCID:PMC5414573)

Price, A. J. et al. (2017) Sustained 10-year gain in adult life expectancy following antiretroviral therapy roll-out in rural Malawi: July 2005 to June 2014. International Journal of Epidemiology, 46(2), pp. 479-491. (doi: 10.1093/ije/dyw208) (PMID:28338707) (PMCID:PMC5813794)

Adamu, A. L., Crampin, A. , Kayuni, N., Amberbir, A., Koole, O., Phiri, A., Nyirenda, M. and Fine, P. (2017) Prevalence and risk factors for anemia severity and type in Malawian men and women: urban and rural differences. Population Health Metrics, 15(1), 12. (doi: 10.1186/s12963-017-0128-2) (PMID:28356159) (PMCID:PMC5371260)

Baschieri, A., Machiyama, K., Floyd, S., Dube, A., Molesworth, A., Chihana, M., Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. , French, N. and Cleland, J. (2017) Unintended childbearing and child growth in Northern Malawi. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 21(3), pp. 467-474. (doi: 10.1007/s10995-016-2124-8) (PMID:27491527) (PMCID:PMC5357271)

Church, K. et al. (2017) Identifying gaps in HIV service delivery across the diagnosis-to-treatment cascade: findings from health facility surveys in six sub-Saharan countries. Journal of the International AIDS Society, 20(1), 21188. (doi: 10.7448/IAS.20.1.21188) (PMID:28364566) (PMCID:PMC5461119)

Mortimer, K. et al. (2017) A cleaner burning biomass-fuelled cookstove intervention to prevent pneumonia in children under 5 years old in rural Malawi (the Cooking and Pneumonia Study): a cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet, 389(10065), pp. 167-175. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)32507-7) (PMID:27939058) (PMCID:PMC5783287)

McLean, E., Dube, A., Saul, J., Branson, K., Luhanga, M., Mwiba, O., Kalobekamo, F., Geis, S. and Crampin, A. C. (2017) Implementing electronic data capture at a well-established health and demographic surveillance site in rural northern Malawi. Global Health Action, 10(1), 1367162. (doi: 10.1080/16549716.2017.1367162) (PMID:28922071) (PMCID:PMC5645702)

2016

Dasgupta, A. N.Z., Zaba, B. and Crampin, A. C. (2016) Postpartum uptake of contraception in rural northern Malawi: a prospective study. Contraception, 94(5), pp. 499-504. (doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2016.05.007) (PMID:27241897) (PMCID:PMC5083253)

Musicha, C., Crampin, A. C. , Kayuni, N., Koole, O., Amberbir, A., Mwagomba, B., Jaffar, S. and Nyirenda, M. J. (2016) Accessing clinical services and retention in care following screening for hypertension and diabetes among Malawian adults: an urban/rural comparison. Journal of Hypertension, 34(11), pp. 2172-2179. (doi: 10.1097/HJH.0000000000001070) (PMID:27552644) (PMCID:PMC5790170)

Low, N. et al. (2016) The incidence patterns model to estimate the distribution of new HIV infections in Sub-Saharan Africa: development and validation of a mathematical model. PLoS Medicine, 13(9), e1002121. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002121) (PMID:27622516) (PMCID:PMC5021265)

Awoniyi, D. O. et al. (2016) Evaluation of cytokine responses against novel Mtb antigens as diagnostic markers for TB disease. Journal of Infection, 73(3), pp. 219-230. (doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2016.04.036) (PMID:27311746)

Chegou, N. N. et al. (2016) Diagnostic performance of a seven-marker serum protein biosignature for the diagnosis of active TB disease in African primary healthcare clinic attendees with signs and symptoms suggestive of TB. Thorax, 71(9), pp. 785-794. (doi: 10.1136/thoraxjnl-2015-207999) (PMID:27146200)

Brown, J. P., Ngwira, B., Tafatatha, T., Crampin, A. C. , French, N. and Koole, O. (2016) Determinants of time to antiretroviral treatment initiation and subsequent mortality on treatment in a cohort in rural northern Malawi. Addiction Science and Clinical Practice, 13(1), 24. (doi: 10.1186/s12981-016-0110-2) (PMID:27398087) (PMCID:PMC4938927)

Zak, D. E. et al. (2016) A blood RNA signature for tuberculosis disease risk: a prospective cohort study. Lancet, 387(10035), pp. 2312-2322. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(15)01316-1) (PMID:27017310) (PMCID:PMC5392204)

Arez, A. P. et al. (2016) Predictors of uptake and timeliness of newly introduced pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccines, and of measles vaccine in rural Malawi: a population cohort study. PLoS ONE, 11(5), e0154997. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154997) (PMID:27152612) (PMCID:PMC4859501)

Bar-Zeev, N. et al. (2016) Population impact and effectiveness of monovalent rotavirus vaccination in urban Malawian children 3 years after vaccine introduction: ecological and case-control analyses. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 62(suppl2), S213-S219. (doi: 10.1093/cid/civ1183) (PMID:27059359) (PMCID:PMC4825885)

Bar-Zeev, N. et al. (2016) Cost-effectiveness of monovalent rotavirus vaccination of infants in Malawi: a postintroduction analysis using individual patient–level costing data. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 62(suppl2), S220-S228. (doi: 10.1093/cid/civ1025) (PMID:27059360) (PMCID:PMC4825884)

Khan, P.Y., Glynn, J.R., Fielding, K.L., Mzembe, T., Mulawa, D., Chiumya, R., Fine, P.E.M., Koole, O., Kranzer, K. and Crampin, A.C. (2016) Risk factors for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in 2–4 year olds in a rural HIV-prevalent setting. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 20(3), pp. 342-349. (doi: 10.5588/ijtld.15.0672) (PMID:27046715) (PMCID:PMC4743681)

Nakanga, W.P., Crampin, A. and Nyirenda, M. (2016) Should haemoglobin A1C be used for diagnosis of diabetes mellitus in Malawi? Malawi Medical Journal, 28(1), pp. 28-30. (doi: 10.4314/mmj.v28i1.7) (PMID:27217915) (PMCID:PMC4864390)

Phelan, J. E. et al. (2016) Recombination in pe/ppe genes contributes to genetic variation in Mycobacterium tuberculosis lineages. BMC Genomics, 17(1), 151. (doi: 10.1186/s12864-016-2467-y) (PMID:26923687) (PMCID:PMC4770551)

Crampin, A. C. et al. (2016) Hypertension and diabetes in Africa: design and implementation of a large population-based study of burden and risk factors in rural and urban Malawi. Emerging Themes in Epidemiology, 13(1), 3. (doi: 10.1186/s12982-015-0039-2) (PMID:26839575) (PMCID:PMC4736489)

Reniers, G. et al. (2016) Data resource profile: network for analysing longitudinal population-based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA Network). International Journal of Epidemiology, 45(1), pp. 83-93. (doi: 10.1093/ije/dyv343) (PMID:26968480) (PMCID:PMC5823235)

Corstjens, P. L.A.M. et al. (2016) Multi-center evaluation of a user-friendly lateral flow assay to determine IP-10 and CCL4 levels in blood of TB and non-TB cases in Africa. Clinical Biochemistry, 49(1-2), pp. 22-31. (doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2015.08.013) (PMID:26285074)

Heinsbroek, E., Tafatatha, T., Chisambo, C., Phiri, A., Mwiba, O., Ngwira, B., Crampin, A. C. , Read, J. M. and French, N. (2016) Pneumococcal acquisition among infants exposed to HIV in rural Malawi: a longitudinal household study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 183(1), pp. 70-78. (doi: 10.1093/aje/kwv134) (PMID:26628514) (PMCID:PMC4690474)

Dasgupta, A. N. Z., Wringe, A., Crampin, A. C. , Chisambo, C., Koole, O., Makombe, S., Sungani, C., Todd, J. and Church, K. (2016) HIV policy and implementation: a national policy review and an implementation case study of a rural area of northern Malawi. AIDS Care, 28(9), pp. 1097-1109. (doi: 10.1080/09540121.2016.1168913) (PMID:27098107) (PMCID:PMC4950451)

McCormick, T. H., Li, Z. R., Calvert, C., Crampin, A. C. , Kahn, K. and Clark, S. J. (2016) Probabilistic cause-of-death assignment using verbal autopsies. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 111(515), pp. 1036-1049. (doi: 10.1080/01621459.2016.1152191) (PMID:27990036) (PMCID:PMC5154628)

Mclean, E. M., Chihana, M., Mzembe, T., Koole, O., Kachiwanda, L., Glynn, J. R., Zaba, B., Nyirenda, M. and Crampin, A. C. (2016) Reliability of reporting of HIV status and antiretroviral therapy usage during verbal autopsies: a large prospective study in rural Malawi. Global Health Action, 9(1), 31084. (doi: 10.3402/gha.v9.31084) (PMID:27293122) (PMCID:PMC4904066)

2015

Sankoh, O. and INDEPTH Network, (2015) CHESS: an innovative concept for a new generation of population surveillance. Lancet Global Health, 3(12), e742. (doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(15)00180-1) (PMID:26511039)

Chasimpha, S., McLean, E., Chihana, M., Kachiwanda, L., Koole, O., Tafatatha, T., Mvula, H., Nyirenda, M., Crampin, A. C. and Glynn, J. R. (2015) Patterns and risk factors for deaths from external causes in rural Malawi over 10 years: a prospective population-based study. BMC Public Health, 15(1), 1036. (doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-2323-z) (PMID:26449491) (PMCID:PMC4599750)

Dasgupta, A. N. Z., Zaba, B. and Crampin, A. C. (2015) Contraceptive dynamics in rural northern Malawi: a prospective longitudinal study. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 41(3), pp. 145-154. (doi: 10.1363/4114515) (PMID:26600568) (PMCID:PMC5793990)

Heinsbroek, E., Tafatatha, T., Phiri, A., Ngwira, B., Crampin, A. C. , Read, J. M. and French, N. (2015) Persisting high prevalence of pneumococcal carriage among HIV-infected adults receiving antiretroviral therapy in Malawi. AIDS, 29(14), pp. 1837-1844. (doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000755) (PMID:26218599) (PMCID:PMC4568891)

King, C., Beard, J., Crampin, A.C. , Costello, A., Mwansambo, C., Cunliffe, N.A., Heyderman, R.S., French, N. and Bar-Zeev, N. (2015) Methodological challenges in measuring vaccine effectiveness using population cohorts in low resource settings. Vaccine, 33(38), pp. 4748-4755. (doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.07.062) (PMID:26235370) (PMCID:PMC4570930)

Glynn, J. R. et al. (2015) Whole genome sequencing shows a low proportion of tuberculosis disease is attributable to known close contacts in rural Malawi. PLoS ONE, 10(7), e0132840. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132840) (PMID:26181760) (PMCID:PMC4504505)

Tafatatha, T. et al. (2015) Human immunodeficiency virus, antiretroviral therapy and markers of lymphatic filariasis infection: a cross-sectional study in rural northern Malawi. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 9(6), e0003825. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003825) (PMID:26042839) (PMCID:PMC4456405)

Machiyama, K., Baschieri, A., Dube, A., Crampin, A. C. , Glynn, J. R., French, N. and Cleland, J. (2015) An assessment of childbearing preferences in northern Malawi. Studies in Family Planning, 46(2), pp. 161-176. (doi: 10.1111/j.1728-4465.2015.00022.x) (PMID:26059988) (PMCID:PMC5790167)

Bar-Zeev, N. et al. (2015) Methods and challenges in measuring the impact of national pneumococcal and rotavirus vaccine introduction on morbidity and mortality in Malawi. Vaccine, 33(23), pp. 2637-2645. (doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2015.04.053) (PMID:25917672) (PMCID:PMC4441035)

Bar-Zeev, N. et al. (2015) Effectiveness of a monovalent rotavirus vaccine in infants in Malawi after programmatic roll-out: an observational and case-control study. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 15(4), pp. 422-428. (doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(14)71060-6) (PMID:25638521) (PMCID:PMC4374102)

Dasgupta, A. N.Z., Crampin, A. C. and Zaba, B. (2015) Response to commentary titled “Global family planning metrics — time for new definitions”. Contraception, 91(4), p. 356. (doi: 10.1016/j.contraception.2014.12.007) (PMID:25530101)

Guerra-Assunção, J. A. et al. (2015) Recurrence due to relapse or reinfection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis: a whole-genome sequencing approach in a large, population-based cohort with a high HIV infection prevalence and active follow-up. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 211(7), pp. 1154-1163. (doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiu574) (PMID:25336729) (PMCID:PMC4354982)

Chihana, M. L. et al. (2015) Maternal HIV status associated with under-five mortality in rural northern Malawi. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 68(1), pp. 81-90. (doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000405) (PMID:25321177) (PMCID:PMC4338582)

Church, K. et al. (2015) A comparative analysis of national HIV policies in six African countries with generalized epidemics. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 93(7), pp. 457-467. (doi: 10.2471/BLT.14.147215) (PMID:26170503) (PMCID:PMC4490813)

Dasgupta, A. N.Z., Ngwalo, R., Branson, K., Gondwe, L., Taulo, F., Ngwira, B., Zaba, B. and Crampin, A. C. (2015) Using patient-held records to evaluate contraceptive use in Malawi. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 93(11), pp. 768-774. (doi: 10.2471/BLT.14.145623) (PMID:26549904) (PMCID:PMC4622151)

Guerra-Assunção, J.A. et al. (2015) Large-scale whole genome sequencing of M. tuberculosis provides insights into transmission in a high prevalence area. eLife, 4, e05166. (doi: 10.7554/eLife.05166) (PMID:25530101)

Zaba, B. et al. (2015) Understanding why people participate in HIV surveillance. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 93(5), pp. 356-357. (doi: 10.2471/BLT.14.135756) (PMID:26229208) (PMCID:PMC4431510)

2014

Anderson, S. T. et al. (2014) Diagnosis of childhood tuberculosis and host RNA expression in Africa. New England Journal of Medicine, 370(18), pp. 1712-1723. (doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1303657) (PMID:24785206) (PMCID:PMC4069985)

Glynn, J. R., Calvert, C., Price, A., Chihana, M., Kachiwanda, L., Mboma, S., Zaba, B. and Crampin, A. C. (2014) Measuring causes of adult mortality in rural northern Malawi over a decade of change. Global Health Action, 7(1), 23621. (doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.23621)

Glynn, J. R., Kayuni, N., Gondwe, L., Price, A. J. and Crampin, A. C. (2014) Earlier menarche is associated with a higher prevalence of Herpes simplex type-2 (HSV-2) in young women in rural Malawi. eLife, 3, e01604. (doi: 10.7554/eLife.01604.001) (PMID:24473074) (PMCID:PMC3901398)

Hur, Y.-G. et al. (2014) Identification of immunological biomarkers which may differentiate latent tuberculosis from exposure to environmental nontuberculous mycobacteria in children. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 21(2), pp. 133-142. (doi: 10.1128/CVI.00620-13) (PMID:24285818) (PMCID:PMC3910933)

Hur, Y.-G. et al. (2014) Factors affecting immunogenicity of BCG in infants, a study in Malawi, The Gambia and the UK. BMC Infectious Diseases, 14(1), 184. (doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-14-184) (PMID:24708690) (PMCID:PMC4101864)

Kim Streatfield, P. et al. (2014) Adult non-communicable disease mortality in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH Health and Demographic Surveillance System sites. Global Health Action, 7(1), 25365. (doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.25365) (PMID:25377326) (PMCID:PMC4220128)

Koole, O., Munthali, L., Mhango, B., Mpunga, J., Glynn, J.R. and Crampin, A.C. (2014) Impact of changing diagnostic criteria for smear-positive tuberculosis: a cohort study in Malawi. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 18(7), pp. 843-846. (doi: 10.5588/ijtld.13.0811) (PMID:24902563) (PMCID:PMC4238259)

Koole, O., Houben, R. M.G.J., Mzembe, T., Van Boeckel, T. P., Kayange, M., Jahn, A., Chimbwandira, F., Glynn, J. R. and Crampin, A. C. (2014) Improved retention of patients starting antiretroviral treatment in Karonga District, northern Malawi, 2005–2012. JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 67(1), e27-e33. (doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000252) (PMID:24977375) (PMCID:PMC4240943)

Munthali, L., Khan, P. Y., Mwaungulu, N. J., Chilongo, F., Floyd, S., Kayange, M., Glynn, J. R., French, N. and Crampin, A. C. (2014) The effect of HIV and antiretroviral therapy on characteristics of pulmonary tuberculosis in northern Malawi: a cross-sectional study. BMC Infectious Diseases, 14(1), 107. (doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-14-107) (PMID:24568242) (PMCID:PMC3941771)

Price, A. J. et al. (2014) Uptake of prevention of mother-to-child-transmission using Option B+ in northern rural Malawi: a retrospective cohort study. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 90(4), pp. 309-314. (doi: 10.1136/sextrans-2013-051336) (PMID:24714445) (PMCID:PMC4033143)

Reniers, G. et al. (2014) Mortality trends in the era of antiretroviral therapy. AIDS, 28, S533-S542. (doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000496) (PMID:25406756) (PMCID:PMC4251911)

Sankoh, O. et al. (2014) The INDEPTH standard population for low- and middle-income countries, 2013. Global Health Action, 7(1), 23286. (doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.23286) (PMID:24679543) (PMCID:PMC3969509)

Seager, I., Travers, S. A., Leeson, M. D., Crampin, A. C. , French, N., Glynn, J. R. and McCormack, G. P. (2014) Coreceptor usage, diversity, and divergence in drug-naive and drug-exposed individuals from Malawi, infected with HIV-1 subtype C for more than 20 years. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 30(10), pp. 975-983. (doi: 10.1089/aid.2013.0240) (PMID:24925099) (PMCID:PMC4180525)

Slaymaker, E., Todd, J., Marston, M., Calvert, C., Michael, D., Nakiyingi-Miiro, J., Crampin, A. , Lutalo, T., Herbst, K. and Zaba, B. (2014) How have ART treatment programmes changed the patterns of excess mortality in people living with HIV? Estimates from four countries in East and Southern Africa. Global Health Action, 7(1), 22789. (doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.22789) (PMID:24762982) (PMCID:PMC3999950)

Stover, J. et al. (2014) Updates to the Spectrum model to estimate key HIV indicators for adults and children. AIDS, 28, S427-S434. (doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000483) (PMID:25406748) (PMCID:PMC4247263)

Streatfield, P. K. et al. (2014) Pregnancy-related mortality in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH Health and Demographic Surveillance System sites. Global Health Action, 7(1), 25368. (doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.25368) (PMID:25377328) (PMCID:PMC4220143)

Streatfield, P. K. et al. (2014) Cause-specific mortality in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH health and demographic surveillance system sites. Global Health Action, 7(1), 25362. (doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.25362) (PMID:25377324) (PMCID:PMC4220126)

Streatfield, P. K. et al. (2014) Mortality from external causes in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH Health and Demographic Surveillance System Sites. Global Health Action, 7(1), 25366. (doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.25366) (PMID:25377327) (PMCID:PMC4220124)

Streatfield, P. K. et al. (2014) HIV/AIDS-related mortality in Africa and Asia: evidence from INDEPTH health and demographic surveillance system sites. Global Health Action, 7(1), 25370. (doi: 10.3402/gha.v7.25370) (PMID:25377330) (PMCID:PMC4220131)

Sutherland, J.S. et al. (2014) Differential gene expression of activating Fcγ receptor classifies active tuberculosis regardless of human immunodeficiency virus status or ethnicity. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 20(4), O230-O238. (doi: 10.1111/1469-0691.12383) (PMID:24205913)

2013

Bansode, V., McCormack, G. P., Crampin, A. C. , Ngwira, B., Shrestha, R. K., French, N., Glynn, J. R. and Travers, S. A. (2013) Characterizing the emergence and persistence of drug resistant mutations in HIV-1 subtype C infections using 454 ultra deep pyrosequencing. BMC Infectious Diseases, 13(1), 52. (doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-13-52) (PMID:23363532) (PMCID:PMC3740783)

Byass, P. et al. (2013) InterVA-4 as a public health tool for measuring HIV/AIDS mortality: a validation study from five African countries. Global Health Action, 6(1), 22448. (doi: 10.3402/gha.v6i0.22448) (PMID:24138838) (PMCID:PMC3800746)

Cardona, P.-J. et al. (2013) Analysis of host responses to Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens in a multi-site study of subjects with different TB and HIV infection states in Sub-Saharan Africa. PLoS ONE, 8(9), e74080. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0074080) (PMID:24040170) (PMCID:PMC3769366)

Cattamanchi, A. et al. (2013) Detection of tuberculosis in HIV-infected and -uninfected African adults using whole blood RNA expression signatures: a case-control study. PLoS Medicine, 10(10), e1001538. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001538) (PMID:24167453) (PMCID:PMC3805485)

Floyd, S. et al. (2013) Underestimation of HIV prevalence in surveys when some people already know their status, and ways to reduce the bias. AIDS, 27(2), pp. 233-242. (doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32835848ab) (PMID:22842993)

Kumar, A. et al. (2013) Combination of cytokine responses indicative of latent TB and active TB in Malawian adults. PLoS ONE, 8(11), e79742. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079742) (PMID:24260295) (PMCID:PMC3832606)

Metcalfe, J. Z., Mboma, S. M., Houben, R. M.G.J., Glynn, J. R., Sichali, L., Drobniewski, F., Mpunga, J., Fine, P. E.M., French, N. and Crampin, A. C. (2013) Control of (multi)drug resistance and tuberculosis incidence over 23 years in the context of a well-supported tuberculosis programme in rural Malawi. PLoS ONE, 8(3), e58192. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0058192) (PMID:23483994) (PMCID:PMC3590148)

Paraskevis, D. et al. (2013) Is the risk of HIV acquisition increased during and immediately after pregnancy? A secondary analysis of pooled HIV community-based studies from the ALPHA network. PLoS ONE, 8(12), e82219. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082219) (PMID:24386091) (PMCID:PMC3873249)

Wilkinson, R. J., Odone, A., Crampin, A. C. , Mwinuka, V., Malema, S., Mwaungulu, J. N., Munthali, L. and Glynn, J. R. (2013) Association between socioeconomic position and tuberculosis in a large population-based study in rural Malawi. PLoS ONE, 8(10), e77740. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0077740) (PMID:24204945) (PMCID:PMC3804525)

Zaba, B. et al. (2013) Effect of HIV infection on pregnancy-related mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: secondary analyses of pooled community-based data from the network for Analysing Longitudinal Population-based HIV/AIDS data on Africa (ALPHA). Lancet, 381(9879), pp. 1763-1771. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60803-X) (PMID:23683643) (PMCID:PMC4325135)

2012

Houben, R. M.G.J., Van Boeckel, T. P., Mwinuka, V., Mzumara, P., Branson, K., Linard, C., Chimbwandira, F., French, N., Glynn, J. R. and Crampin, A. C. (2012) Monitoring the impact of decentralised chronic care services on patient travel time in rural Africa - methods and results in Northern Malawi. International Journal of Health Geographics, 11(1), 49. (doi: 10.1186/1476-072x-11-49) (PMID:23153311) (PMCID:PMC3517381)

Houben, R. M.G.J., Glynn, J. R., Mboma, S., Mzemba, T., Mwaungulu, N. J., Mwaungulu, L., Mwenibabu, M., Mpunga, J., French, N. and Crampin, A. C. (2012) The impact of HIV and ART on recurrent tuberculosis in a sub-Saharan setting. AIDS, 26(17), pp. 2233-2239. (doi: 10.1097/QAD.0b013e32835958ed) (PMID:22951633)

Chihana, M. et al. (2012) Adult mortality and probable cause of death in rural northern Malawi in the era of HIV treatment. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 17(8), e74-e83. (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2012.02929.x) (PMID:22943382) (PMCID:PMC3443368)

Crampin, A. C. et al. (2012) Profile: the Karonga Health and Demographic Surveillance System. International Journal of Epidemiology, 41(3), pp. 676-685. (doi: 10.1093/ije/dys088) (PMID:22729235) (PMCID:PMC3396313)

Glynn, J. R., Dube, A., Kayuni, N., Floyd, S., Molesworth, A., Parrott, F., French, N. and Crampin, A. C. (2012) Measuring concurrency: an empirical study of different methods in a large population-based survey and evaluation of the UNAIDS guidelines. AIDS, 26(8), pp. 977-985. (doi: 10.1097/qad.0b013e328350fc1f) (PMID:22555149)

Maman, D. et al. (2012) Very early anthropometric changes after antiretroviral therapy predict subsequent survival, in Karonga, Malawi. Open AIDS Journal, 6(1), pp. 36-44. (doi: 10.2174/1874613601206010036) (PMID:22670166) (PMCID:PMC3367299)

Seager, I., Leeson, M. D., Crampin, A. C. , Mulawa, D., French, N., Glynn, J. R., Travers, S. A.A. and McCormack, G. P. (2012) HIV type 1 mutational patterns in HIV type 1 subtype C-infected long-term survivors in Karonga District Malawi: further analysis and correction. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 28(3), pp. 308-313. (doi: 10.1089/aid.2011.0168) (PMID:21702696) (PMCID:PMC3292752)

2011

Glynn, J. R., Kayuni, N., Floyd, S., Banda, E., Francis-Chizororo, M., Tanton, C., Molesworth, A., Hemmings, J., Crampin, A. C. and French, N. (2011) Age at menarche, schooling, and sexual debut in Northern Malawi. PLoS ONE, 5(12), e15334. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015334) (PMID:21151570) (PMCID:PMC3000342)

Parrott, F. R., Mwafulirwa, C., Ngwira, B., Nkhwazi, S., Floyd, S., Houben, R. M.G.J., Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. and French, N. (2011) Combining qualitative and quantitative evidence to determine factors leading to late presentation for antiretroviral therapy in Malawi. PLoS ONE, 6(11), e27917. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0027917) (PMID:22114727) (PMCID:PMC3218069)

Bansode, V. B., Travers, S. A.A., Crampin, A. C. , Ngwira, B., French, N., Glynn, J. R. and McCormack, G. P. (2011) Reverse transcriptase drug resistance mutations in HIV-1 subtype C infected patients on ART in Karonga District, Malawi. Aids Research and Therapy, 8, 38. (doi: 10.1186/1742-6405-8-38) (PMID:21995490) (PMCID:PMC3215651)

Lalor, M. K. et al. (2011) BCG vaccination induces different cytokine profiles following infant BCG vaccination in the UK and Malawi. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 204(7), pp. 1075-1085. (doi: 10.1093/infdis/jir515) (PMID:21881123) (PMCID:PMC3164434)

Crampin, A.C. , Mwaungulu, F.D., Ambrose, L.R., Longwe, H. and French, N. (2011) Normal range of CD4 cell counts and temporal changes in two HIV negative Malawian populations. Open AIDS Journal, 5(1), pp. 74-79. (doi: 10.2174/1874613601105010074) (PMID:21892376) (PMCID:PMC3162193)

Glynn, J. R. et al. (2011) Assessing the validity of sexual behaviour reports in a whole population survey in rural Malawi. PLoS ONE, 6(7), e22840. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0022840) (PMID:21818398) (PMCID:PMC3144949)

Bansode, V., Drebert, Z. J., Travers, S. A.A., Banda, E., Molesworth, A., Crampin, A. , Ngwira, B., French, N., Glynn, J. R. and McCormack, G. P. (2011) Drug resistance mutations in drug-naive HIV type 1 subtype C-infected individuals from rural Malawi. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 27(4), pp. 439-444. (doi: 10.1089/aid.2010.0203) (PMID:20950147) (PMCID:PMC3068870)

Crampin, A. , Kasimba, S., Mwaungulu, N.J., Dacombe, R., Floyd, S., Glynn, J.R. and Fine, P.E.M. (2011) Married to M. tuberculosis: risk of infection and disease in spouses of smear-positive tuberculosis patients. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 16(7), pp. 811-818. (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2011.02763.x) (PMID:21447058) (PMCID:PMC3378469)

Houben, R.M.G.J. et al. (2011) Human immunodeficiency virus associated tuberculosis more often due to recent infection than reactivation of latent infection. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 15(1), pp. 24-31. (PMID:21276292)

2010

Molesworth, A. M., Ndhlovu, R., Banda, E., Saul, J., Ngwira, B., Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. and French, N. (2010) High accuracy of home-based community rapid HIV testing in rural Malawi. JAIDS: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 55(5), pp. 625-630. (doi: 10.1097/qai.0b013e3181f98628) (PMID:21934554) (PMCID:PMC3248920)

Mallard, K., McNerney, R., Crampin, A. C. , Houben, R., Ndlovu, R., Munthali, L., Warren, R. M., French, N. and Glynn, J. R. (2010) Molecular detection of mixed infections of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains in sputum samples from patients in Karonga District, Malawi. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 48(12), pp. 4512-4518. (doi: 10.1128/jcm.01683-10) (PMID:21934554) (PMCID:PMC3248920)

Floyd, S. et al. (2010) Population-level reduction in adult mortality after extension of free anti-retroviral therapy provision into rural areas in northern Malawi. PLoS ONE, 5(10), e13499. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0013499) (PMID:20976068) (PMCID:PMC2957442)

McGrath, N. et al. (2010) What happens to ART-eligible patients who do not start ART? Dropout between screening and ART initiation: a cohort study in Karonga, Malawi. BMC Public Health, 10(1), 601. (doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-601) (PMID:20939872) (PMCID:PMC2964626)

Glynn, J. R., Alghamdi, S., Mallard, K., McNerney, R., Ndlovu, R., Munthali, L., Houben, R. M., Fine, P. E.M., French, N. and Crampin, A. C. (2010) Changes in Mycobacterium tuberculosis genotype families over 20 years in a population-based study in Northern Malawi. PLoS ONE, 5(8), e12259. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0012259) (PMID:20808874) (PMCID:PMC2923199)

Thye, T. et al. (2010) Genome-wide association analyses identifies a susceptibility locus for tuberculosis on chromosome 18q11.2. Nature Genetics, 42(9), pp. 739-741. (doi: 10.1038/ng.639) (PMID:20694014) (PMCID:PMC4975513)

Houben, R.M.G.J., Glynn, J.R., Mallard, K., Sichali, L., Malema, S., Fine, P.E.M., French, N. and Crampin, A.C. (2010) Human immunodeficiency virus increases the risk of tuberculosis due to recent re-infection in individuals with latent infection. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 14(7), pp. 909-915. (PMID:20550777) (PMCID:PMC3276831)

Jahn, A., Floyd, S., McGrath, N., Crampin, A. C. , Kachiwanda, L., Mwinuka, V., Zaba, B., Fine, P. E.M. and Glynn, J. R. (2010) Child mortality in rural Malawi: HIV closes the survival gap between the socio-economic strata. PLoS ONE, 5(6), e11320. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0011320) (PMID:20596521) (PMCID:PMC2893132)

Khor, C. C. et al. (2010) CISH and susceptibility to infectious diseases. New England Journal of Medicine, 362(22), pp. 2092-2101. (doi: 10.1056/nejmoa0905606) (PMID:20484391) (PMCID:PMC3646238)

Jahn, A., Floyd, S., Crampin, A.C. , Mvula, H., Mwinuka, V., Mwaiyeghele, E., McGrath, N., Zaba, B., Fine, P.E.M. and Glynn, J.R. (2010) Declining child mortality in northern Malawi despite high rates of infection with HIV. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 88(10), pp. 746-753. (doi: 10.2471/blt.09.075085) (PMID:20931059) (PMCID:PMC2947043)

Crampin, A. C. , Mwaungulu, J. N., Mwaungulu, F. D., Mwafulirwa, D. T., Munthali, K., Floyd, S., Fine, P. E.M. and Glynn, J. R. (2010) Recurrent TB: relapse or reinfection? The effect of HIV in a general population cohort in Malawi. AIDS, 24(3), pp. 417-426. (doi: 10.1097/qad.0b013e32832f51cf) (PMID:20042847) (PMCID:PMC2917772)

2009

Houben, R. M.G.J., Crampin, A. C. , Mallard, K., Mwaungulu, J. N., Yates, M. D., Mwaungulu, F. D., Ngwira, B. M.M., French, N., Fine, P. E.M. and Glynn, J. R. (2009) HIV and the risk of tuberculosis due to recent transmission over 12 years in Karonga District, Malawi. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 103(12), pp. 1187-1189. (doi: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2009.03.013) (PMID:19362727) (PMCID:PMC2784949)

Lalor, M. K. et al. (2009) Population differences in immune responses to Bacille Calmette‐Guérin vaccination in infancy. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 199(6), pp. 795-800. (doi: 10.1086/597069) (PMID:19434928) (PMCID:PMC3276835)

Crampin, A.C. , Glynn, J.R. and Fine, P.E.M. (2009) What has Karonga taught us? Tuberculosis studies over three decades. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 13(2), pp. 153-164. (PMID:19146741) (PMCID:PMC3272402)

2008

Kranzer, K., McGrath, N., Saul, J., Crampin, A. C. , Jahn, A., Malema, S., Mulawa, D., Fine, P. E.M., Zaba, B. and Glynn, J. R. (2008) Individual, household and community factors associated with HIV test refusal in rural Malawi. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 13(11), pp. 1341-1350. (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02148.x) (PMID:18983282)

Ben-Smith, A. et al. (2008) Differences between naive and memory T cell phenotype in Malawian and UK adolescents: a role for Cytomegalovirus? BMC Infectious Diseases, 8(1), 139. (doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-8-139) (PMID:18922182) (PMCID:PMC2596152)

Prost, M.-A. et al. (2008) Implication of new WHO growth standards on identification of risk factors and estimated prevalence of malnutrition in rural Malawian infants. PLoS ONE, 3(7), e2684. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002684) (PMID:18628980) (PMCID:PMC2442189)

Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. , Traore, H., Chaguluka, S., Mwafulirwa, D. T., Alghamdi, S., Ngwira, B. M.M., Yates, M. D., Drobniewski, F. D. and Fine, P. E.M. (2008) Determinants of cluster size in large, population-based molecular epidemiology study of tuberculosis, northern Malawi. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 14(7), pp. 1060-1066. (doi: 10.3201/eid1407.060468) (PMID:18598626) (PMCID:PMC2600342)

Glynn, J.R., Crampin, A.C. , Ngwira, B.M.M., Ndhlovu, R., Mwanyongo, O. and Fine, P.E.M. (2008) Herpes simplex virus type 2 trends in relation to the HIV epidemic in northern Malawi. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 84(5), pp. 356-360. (doi: 10.1136/sti.2008.030056) (PMID:18524842) (PMCID:PMC2566535)

Crampin, A.C. , Floyd, S., Ngwira, B.M., Mwinuka, V., Mwaungulu, J.N., Branson, K., Fine, P.E.M. and Glynn, J.R. (2008) Assessment and evaluation of contact as a risk factor for tuberculosis in rural Africa. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 12(6), pp. 612-618. (PMID:18492326) (PMCID:PMC2443279)

Crampin, A. C. , Jahn, A., Kondowe, M., Ngwira, B. M., Hemmings, J., Glynn, J. R., Floyd, S., Fine, P. E. and Zaba, B. (2008) Use of antenatal clinic surveillance to assess the effect of sexual behavior on HIV prevalence in young women in Karonga district, Malawi. JAIDS: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 48(2), pp. 196-202. (doi: 10.1097/qai.0b013e31817236c4) (PMID:18520678) (PMCID:PMC2478724)

Jahn, A. et al. (2008) Population-level effect of HIV on adult mortality and early evidence of reversal after introduction of antiretroviral therapy in Malawi. Lancet, 371(9624), pp. 1603-1611. (doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(08)60693-5) (PMID:18468544) (PMCID:PMC2387197)

Floyd, S., Crampin, A. C. , Glynn, J. R., Mwenebabu, M., Mnkhondia, S., Ngwira, B., Zaba, B. and Fine, P. E.M. (2008) The long-term social and economic impact of HIV on the spouses of infected individuals in northern Malawi. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 13(4), pp. 520-531. (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2008.02030.x) (PMID:18298606)

Vannberg, F. O. et al. (2008) CD209 genetic polymorphism and tuberculosis disease. PLoS ONE, 3(1), e1388. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0001388) (PMID:18167547) (PMCID:PMC2148105)

Jahn, A. et al. (2008) Ascertainment of childhood vaccination histories in northern Malawi. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 13(1), pp. 129-138. (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2007.01982.x) (PMID:18291011)

2007

Hosegood, V., Floyd, S., Marston, M., Hill, C., McGrath, N., Isingo, R., Crampin, A. and Zaba, B. (2007) The effects of high HIV prevalence on orphanhood and living arrangements of children in Malawi, Tanzania, and South Africa. Population Studies, 61(3), pp. 327-336. (doi: 10.1080/00324720701524292) (PMID:17979006) (PMCID:PMC2216069)

McGrath, N., Kranzer, K., Saul, J., Crampin, A. C. , Malema, S., Kachiwanda, L., Żaba, B., Jahn, A., Fine, P. E.M. and Glynn, J. R. (2007) Estimating the need for antiretroviral treatment and an assessment of a simplified HIV/AIDS case definition in rural Malawi. AIDS, 21(Suppl), S105-S113. (doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000299417.69432.65) (PMID:18032933) (PMCID:PMC5784801)

Żaba, B., Marston, M., Crampin, A. C. , Isingo, R., Biraro, S., Bärnighausen, T., Lopman, B., Lutalo, T., Glynn, J. R. and Todd, J. (2007) Age-specific mortality patterns in HIV-infected individuals: a comparative analysis of African community study data. AIDS, 21(Suppl), S87-S96. (doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000299415.67646.26) (PMID:18032944)

Mwaluko, G., Wringe, A., Todd, J., Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. , Jaffar, S., Kalluvya, S. and Zaba, B. (2007) Use of data from HIV counselling and testing services for HIV surveillance in Africa. Lancet, 369(9561), pp. 612-613. (doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(07)60281-5) (PMID:17307108)

Dacombe, R.J., Crampin, A.C. , Floyd, S., Randall, A., Ndhlovu, R., Bickle, Q. and Fine, P.E.M. (2007) Time delays between patient and laboratory selectively affect accuracy of helminth diagnosis. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 101(2), pp. 140-145. (doi: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2006.04.008) (PMID:16824566)

White, R.G. et al. (2007) HIV epidemic trend and antiretroviral treatment need in Karonga District, Malawi. Epidemiology and Infection, 135(6), pp. 922-932. (doi: 10.1017/s0950268806007680) (PMID:17217548)

Floyd, S., Crampin, A.C. , Glynn, J.R., Madise, N., Mwenebabu, M., Mnkhondia, S., Ngwira, B., Zaba, B. and Fine, P.E.M. (2007) The social and economic impact of parental HIV on children in northern Malawi: retrospective population-based cohort study. AIDS Care, 19(6), pp. 781-790. (doi: 10.1080/09540120601163227) (PMID:17573599)

2006

Weir, R.E. et al. (2006) The influence of previous exposure to environmental mycobacteria on the interferon-gamma response to bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccination in southern England and northern Malawi. Clinical and Experimental Immunology, 146(3), pp. 390-399. (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2249.2006.03222.x) (PMID:17100757)

Crampin, A. C. , Glynn, J. R., Traore, H., Yates, M. D., Mwaungulu, L., Mwenebabu, M., Chaguluka, S. D., Floyd, S., Drobniewski, F. and Fine, P. E.M. (2006) Tuberculosis transmission attributable to close contacts and HIV status, Malawi. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12(5), pp. 729-735. (doi: 10.3201/eid1205.050789) (PMID:16704828) (PMCID:PMC3374426)

Bennett, A. A. et al. (2006) The PPD-specific T-cell clonal response in UK and Malawian subjects following BCG vaccination: a new repertoire evolves over 12 months. Vaccine, 24(14), pp. 2617-2626. (doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2005.12.011) (PMID:16414159)

McCormack, G. P., Glynn, J. R., Clewley, J. P., Crampin, A. C. , Travers, S. A.A., Redmond, N., Keane, T. M., Sibande, F., Mulawa, D. and Fine, P. E.M. (2006) Emergence of a three codon deletion in gag p17 in HIV type 1 subtype C long-term survivors, and general population spread. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 22(2), pp. 195-201. (doi: 10.1089/aid.2006.22.195) (PMID:16478403)

Munthali, L., Mwaungulu, J.N., Muthali, K., Bowie, C. and Crampin, A.C. (2006) Using tuberculosis suspects to identify patients eligible for antiretroviral treatment. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 10(2), pp. 199-202. (PMID:16499261)

2005

Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. , Yates, M. D., Traore, H., Mwaungulu, F. D., Ngwira, B. M., Ndlovu, R., Drobniewski, F. and Fine, P. E.M. (2005) The importance of recent infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis in an area with high HIV prevalence: a long‐term molecular epidemiological study in northern Malawi. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 192(3), pp. 480-487. (doi: 10.1086/431517) (PMID:15995962)

Zaba, B. et al. (2005) HIV and mortality of mothers and children: evidence from cohort studies in Uganda, Tanzania, and Malawi. Epidemiology, 16(3), pp. 275-280. (doi: 10.1097/01.ede.0000155507.47884.43) (PMID:15824540)

Glynn, J. R. et al. (2005) Mycobacterium tuberculosis Beijing genotype, northern Malawi. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 11(1), pp. 150-153. (doi: 10.3201/eid1101.040869) (PMID:15705343) (PMCID:PMC3294335)

2004

Travers, S. A.A., Clewley, J. P., Glynn, J. R., Fine, P. E.M., Crampin, A. C. , Sibande, F., Mulawa, D., McInerney, J. O. and McCormack, G. P. (2004) Timing and reconstruction of the most recent common ancestor of the subtype C clade of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Journal of Virology, 78(19), pp. 10501-10506. (doi: 10.1128/jvi.78.19.10501-10506.2004) (PMID:15367616) (PMCID:PMC516391)

Glynn, J. R. et al. (2004) DNA fingerprint changes in tuberculosis: reinfection, evolution, or laboratory error? Journal of Infectious Diseases, 190(6), pp. 1158-1166. (doi: 10.1086/423144) (PMID:15319867)

Fitness, J., Floyd Sian, S., Warndorff David K., D. K., Sichali, L., Malema, S., Crampin, A. C. , Fine, P. E.M. and Hill, A. V. S. (2004) Large-scale candidate gene study of tuberculosis susceptibility in the Karonga district of northern Malawi. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(3), pp. 341-349. (doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2004.71.341) (PMID:15381817)

McCormack, G. P., Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. , Sibande, F., Mulawa, D., Fine, P. E.M. and Clewley, J. P. (2004) Highly divergent HIV type 1 group M sequences evident in Karonga District, Malawi in the early 1980s. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses, 19(5), pp. 441-445. (doi: 10.1089/088922203765551782) (PMID:12816092)

Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. , Ngwira, B. M.M., Mwaungulu, F. D., Mwafulirwa, D. T., Floyd, S., Pönnighaus, J. M., Warndorff, D. K. and Fine, P. E.M. (2004) Trends in tuberculosis and the influence of HIV infection in northern Malawi, 1988–2001. AIDS, 18(10), pp. 1459-1463. (doi: 10.1097/01.aids.0000131336.15301.06) (PMID:15199323)

Mwaungulu, F. B.D., Floyd, S., Crampin, A. C. , Kasimba, S., Malema, S., Kanyongoloka, H., Harries, A. D., Glynn, J. R. and Fine, P. E.M. (2004) Cotrimoxazole prophylaxis reduces mortality in human immunodeficiency virus-positive tuberculosis patients in Karonga District, Malawi. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 82(5), pp. 354-363. (PMID:15298226) (PMCID:PMC2622842)

Weir, R. E. et al. (2004) Mycobacterial purified protein derivatives stimulate innate immunity: Malawians show enhanced tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), and IL-10 responses compared to those of adolescents in the United Kingdom. Infection and Immunity, 72(3), pp. 1807-1811. (doi: 10.1128/iai.72.3.1807-1811.2004) (PMID:14977992) (PMCID:PMC356017)

Crampin, A.C. , Glynn, J.R., Floyd, S., Malema, S.S., Mwinuka, V.K., Ngwira, B.M.M., Mwaungulu, F.D., Warndorff, D.K. and Fine, P.E.M. (2004) Tuberculosis and gender: exploring the patterns in case control study in Malawi. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 8(2), pp. 194-203. (PMID:15139448)

Fitness, J., Floyd, S., Warndorff, D. K., Sichali, L., Mwaungulu, L., Crampin, A. C. , Fine, P. E.M. and Hill, A. V.S. (2004) Large-scale candidate gene study of leprosy susceptibility in the Karonga district of northern Malawi. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71(3), pp. 330-340. (doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.2004.71.330) (PMID:15381816)

2003

Crampin, A. C. , Glynn, J. R., Ngwira, B. M.M., Mwaungulu, F. D., Pönnighaus, J. M., Warndorff, D. K. and Fine, P. E.M. (2003) Trends and measurement of HIV prevalence in northern Malawi. AIDS, 17(12), pp. 1817-1825. (doi: 10.1097/00002030-200308150-00011) (PMID:12891068)

Black, G. F. et al. (2003) Gamma interferon responses induced by a panel of recombinant and purified mycobacterial antigens in healthy, non-mycobacterium bovis BCG-vaccinated Malawian young adults. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 10(4), pp. 602-611. (doi: 10.1128/cdli.10.4.602-611.2003) (PMID:12853392) (PMCID:PMC164276)

Crampin, A. C. et al. (2003) The long-term impact of HIV and orphanhood on the mortality and physical well-being of children in rural Malawi. AIDS, 17(3), pp. 389-397. (PMID:12556693)

2002

McCormack, G. P. et al. (2002) Early evolution of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C epidemic in rural Malawi. Journal of Virology, 76(24), pp. 12890-12899. (doi: 10.1128/jvi.76.24.12890-12899.2002) (PMID:12438614) (PMCID:PMC136717)

Crampin, A. C. , Floyd, S., Glynn, J. R., Sibande, F., Mulawa, D., Nyondo, A., Broadbent, P., Bliss, L., Ngwira, B. and Fine, P. E.M. (2002) Long-term follow-up of HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals in rural Malawi. AIDS, 16(11), pp. 1545-1550. (doi: 10.1097/00002030-200207260-00012) (PMID:12131193)

Black, G. F. et al. (2002) BCG-induced increase in interferon-gamma response to mycobacterial antigens and efficacy of BCG vaccination in Malawi and the UK: two randomised controlled studies. Lancet, 359(9315), pp. 1393-1401. (doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(02)08353-8) (PMID:11978337)

Ngwira, B.M.M., Jabu, C.H., Kanyongoloka, H., Mponda, M., Crampin, A.C. , Branson, K., Alexander, N.D.E. and Fine, P.E.M. (2002) Lymphatic filariasis in the Karonga district of northern Malawi: a prevalence survey. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 96(2), pp. 137-144. (doi: 10.1179/0003498302125000411) (PMID:12080974)

Randall, A.E. et al. (2002) Patterns of helminth infection and relationship to BCG vaccination in Karonga District, northern Malawi. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 96(1), pp. 29-33. (doi: 10.1016/s0035-9203(02)90229-4) (PMID:11925985)

2001

Rawson, H., Crampin, A. and Noah, N. (2001) Deaths from chickenpox in England and Wales 1995-7: analysis of routine mortality data. British Medical Journal, 323(7321), pp. 1091-1093. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.323.7321.1091) (PMID:11701571) (PMCID:PMC59681)

Crampin, A.C. , Floyd, S., Mwaungulu, F., Black, G., Ndhlovu, R., Mwaiyeghele, E., Glynn, J.R., Warndorff, D.K. and Fine, P.E.M. (2001) Comparison of two versus three smears in identifying culture-positive tuberculosis patients in a rural African setting with high HIV prevalence. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 5(11), pp. 994-999. (PMID:11716350)

Crampin, A.C. , Mwinuka, V., Malema, S.S., Glynn, J.R. and Fine, P.E.M. (2001) Field-based random sampling without a sampling frame: control selection for a case-control study in rural Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 95(5), pp. 481-483. (doi: 10.1016/s0035-9203(01)90009-4) (PMID:11706653)

Black, G. F. et al. (2001) Patterns and implications of naturally acquired immune responses to environmental and tuberculous mycobacterial antigens in Northern Malawi. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 184(3), pp. 322-329. (doi: 10.1086/322042) (PMID:11443558)

Crampin, A.C. and Damisoni, H. (2001) HIV/AIDS testing and counselling. Leprosy Review, 72(3), pp. 345-351. (doi: 10.5935/0305-7518.20010042) (PMID:11715281)

Glynn, J. R., Pönnighaus, J., Crampin, A. C. , Sibande, F., Sichali, L., Nkhosa, P., Broadbent, P. and Fine, P. E.M. (2001) The development of the HIV epidemic in Karonga District, Malawi. AIDS, 15(15), pp. 2025-2029. (doi: 10.1097/00002030-200110190-00016) (PMID:11600832)

2000

Glynn, J.R., Warndorff, D.K., Malema, S.S., Mwinuka, V., Pönnighaus, J.M., Crampin, A.C. and Fine, P.E.M. (2000) Tuberculosis: associations with HIV and socioeconomic status in rural Malawi. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 94(5), pp. 500-503. (doi: 10.1016/s0035-9203(00)90065-8) (PMID:11132374)

1998

Wilcocks, L. et al. (1998) A large outbreak of cryptosporidiosis associated with a public water supply from a deep chalk borehole. Outbreak Investigation Team. Communicable Disease and Public Health, 1(4), pp. 239-243. (PMID:9854881)

Crampin, A.C. , Lamagni, T.L., Hope, V.D., Newham, J.A., Lewis, K.M., Parry, J.V. and Gill, O.N. (1998) The risk of infection with HIV and hepatitis B in individuals who inject steroids in England and Wales. Epidemiology and Infection, 121(2), pp. 381-386. (doi: 10.1017/s0950268898001265) (PMID:9825789)

1993

Crampin, A.C. and Matthews, R.C. (1993) Application of the polymerase chain reaction to the diagnosis of candidosis by amplification of an HSP 90 gene fragment. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 39(3), pp. 233-238. (doi: 10.1099/00222615-39-3-233) (PMID:8366523)

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Number of items: 190.

Articles

Soares, A. L. G., Banda, L., Amberbir, A., Jaffar, S., Musicha, C., Price, A. J., Crampin, A. C. , Nyirenda, M. J. and Lawlor, D. A. (2020) A comparison of the associations between adiposity and lipids in Malawi and the United Kingdom. BMC Medicine, 18(1), 181. (doi: 10.1186/s12916-020-01648-0) (PMID:32669098) (PMCID:PMC7364601)

Sobkowiak, B., Banda, L., Mzembe, T., Crampin, A. C. , Glynn, J. R. and Clark, T. G. (2020) Bayesian reconstruction of Mycobacterium tuberculosis transmission networks in a high incidence area over two decades in Malawi reveals associated risk factors and genomic variants. Microbial Genomics, (doi: 10.1099/mgen.0.000361) (PMID:32234123) (Early Online Publication)

Kalyesubula, R. et al. (2020) How to estimate glomerular filtration rate in sub-Saharan Africa: design and methods of the African Research into Kidney Diseases (ARK) study. BMC Nephrology, 21(1), 20. (doi: 10.1186/s12882-020-1688-0) (PMID:31941441) (PMCID:PMC6964098)

Glynn, J. R., McLean, E., Malava, J., Dube, A., Katundu, C., Crampin, A. C. and Geis, S. (2020) Effect of acute illness on contact patterns, Malawi, 2017. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 26(1), pp. 44-50. (doi: 10.3201/eid2601.181539) (PMID:31855144) (PMCID:PMC6924881)

Prynn, J. E., Dube, A., Mwaiyeghele, E., Mwiba, O., Geis, S., Koole, O., Nyirenda, M., Kuper, H. and Crampin, A. C. (2019) Self-reported disability in rural Malawi: prevalence, incidence, and relationship to chronic conditions. Wellcome Open Research, 4, 90. (doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15196.2)

Chilunga, F. P., Musicha, C., Tafatatha, T., Geis, S., Nyirenda, M. J., Crampin, A. and Price, A. J. (2019) Investigating associations between rural-to-urban migration and cardiometabolic disease in Malawi: a population-level study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 48(6), pp. 1850-1862. (doi: 10.1093/ije/dyz198) (PMID:31603469) (PMCID:PMC6929524)

Blackstock, S., Witham, M. D., Wade, A. N., Crampin, A. , Beran, D., Ogle, G. D. and Davies, J. I. (2019) Ability of verbal autopsy data to detect deaths due to uncontrolled hyperglycaemia: testing existing methods and development and validation of a novel weighted score. BMJ Open, 9(10), e026331. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026331) (PMID:31630097) (PMCID:PMC6803086)

Soares, A. L. G., Banda, L., Amberbir, A., Jaffar, S., Musicha, C., Price, A., Nyrienda, M. J., Lawlor, D. A. and Crampin, A. (2019) Sex and area differences in the association between adiposity and lipid profile in Malawi. BMJ Global Health, 4(5), e001542. (doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2019-001542) (PMID:31565403) (PMCID:PMC6747887)

Sunny, B. S., DeStavola, B., Dube, A., Price, A., Kaonga, A. M., Kondowe, S., Crampin, A. C. and Glynn, J. R. (2019) Lusting, learning and lasting in school: sexual debut, school performance and dropout among adolescents in primary schools in Karonga district, northern Malawi. Journal of Biosocial Science, 51(5), pp. 720-736. (doi: 10.1017/S0021932019000051) (PMID:31030681)

Nakanga, W. P., Prynn, J. E., Banda, L., Kalyesubula, R., Tomlinson, L. A., Nyirenda, M. and Crampin, A. C. (2019) Prevalence of impaired renal function among rural and urban populations: findings of a cross-sectional study in Malawi. Wellcome Open Research, 4, 92. (doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15255.1)

Mvula, H., Chisambo, C., Nyirenda, V., Geis, S., Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. , Nyirenda, M., Smeeth, L., Walker, R. and Price, A. J. (2019) Community-level knowledge and perceptions of stroke in rural Malawi. Stroke, 50(7), pp. 1846-1849. (doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.119.025105) (PMID:31164071) (PMCID:PMC6594749)

Amberbir, A. et al. (2019) Systematic review of hypertension and diabetes burden, risk factors, and interventions for prevention and control in Malawi. Global Heart, 14(2), pp. 109-118. (doi: 10.1016/j.gheart.2019.05.001) (PMID:31324364)

Farmer, A. et al. (2019) Mobile messaging support versus usual care for people with type 2 diabetes on glycemic control: protocol for a multicenter randomized controlled trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 8(6), e12377. (doi: 10.2196/12377) (PMID:31199346) (PMCID:PMC6592392)

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC), . and Crampin, A. (2019) Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global obesity epidemic in adults. Nature, 569(7755), pp. 260-264. (doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1171-x) (PMID:31068725)

Gomez-Gonzalez, P. J., Andreu, N., Phelan, J. E., Florez de Sessions, P., Glynn, J. R., Crampin, A. C. , Campino, S., Butcher, P. D., Hibberd, M. L. and Clark, T. G. (2019) An integrated whole genome analysis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis reveals insights into relationship between its genome, transcriptome and methylome. Scientific Reports, 9, 5204. (doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-41692-2) (PMID:30914757) (PMCID:PMC6435705)

Duffy, F. J. et al. (2019) Immunometabolic signatures predict risk of progression to active tuberculosis and disease outcome. Frontiers in Immunology, 10, 527. (doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2019.00527) (PMID:30967866) (PMCID:PMC6440524)

Coates, M. M. et al. (2019) A comparison of all-cause and cause-specific mortality by household socioeconomic status across seven INDEPTH network health and demographic surveillance systems in sub-Saharan Africa. Global Health Action, 12(1), 1608013. (doi: 10.1080/16549716.2019.1608013) (PMID:31092155) (PMCID:PMC6534200)

Vaughan, M., Dube, A., Namadingo, H., Crampin, A. , Gondwe, L., Kapira, G., Mbughi, J. and Nyasulu, M. (2018) Dietary change, noncommunicable disease and local knowledge: results of a small-scale study of the views of older Malawians. Wellcome Open Research, 3, 158. (doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.14887.1)

Weiner, J. et al. (2018) Metabolite changes in blood predict the onset of tuberculosis. Nature Communications, 9(1), 5208. (doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-07635-7) (PMID:30523338) (PMCID:PMC6283869)

Schooling, C. M., Sunny, B. S., DeStavola, B., Dube, A., Kondowe, S., Crampin, A. C. and Glynn, J. R. (2018) Does early linear growth failure influence later school performance? A cohort study in Karonga district, northern Malawi. PLoS ONE, 13(11), e0200380. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0200380) (PMID:30395573) (PMCID:PMC6218019)

Heinsbroek, E., Tafatatha, T., Phiri, A., Swarthout, T. D., Alaerts, M., Crampin, A. C. , Chisambo, C., Mwiba, O., Read, J. M. and French, N. (2018) Pneumococcal carriage in households in Karonga District, Malawi, before and after introduction of 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination. Vaccine, 36(48), pp. 7369-7376. (doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.10.021) (PMID:30352744) (PMCID:PMC6238076)

Farmer, A. et al. (2018) Mobile messaging support versus usual care for people with type 2 diabetes in sub-Saharan Africa: a protocol for a multicentre randomized controlled trial (StAR2D). JMIR Preprints, 12377. (doi: 10.2196/preprints.12377)

Bar-Zeev, N. et al. (2018) Impact of monovalent rotavirus vaccine on diarrhoea-associated post-neonatal infant mortality in rural communities in Malawi: a population-based birth cohort study. Lancet Global Health, 6(9), e1036-e1044. (doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(18)30314-0) (PMID:30103981) (PMCID:PMC6088152)

Mudie, K., Lawlor, D. A., Pearce, N., Crampin, A. , Tomlinson, L., Tafatatha, T., Musicha, C., Nitsch, D., Smeeth, L. and Nyirenda, M. J. (2018) How does the association of general and central adiposity with glycaemia and blood pressure differ by gender and area of residence in a Malawian population: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 47(3), pp. 887-898. (doi: 10.1093/ije/dyy047) (PMID:29648664) (PMCID:PMC6005143)

Price, A. J. et al. (2018) Prevalence of obesity, hypertension, and diabetes, and cascade of care in sub-Saharan Africa: a cross-sectional, population-based study in rural and urban Malawi. Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology, 6(3), pp. 208-222. (doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587(17)30432-1) (PMID:29371076) (PMCID:PMC5835666)

Coll, F. et al. (2018) Genome-wide analysis of multi- and extensively drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Nature Genetics, 50(2), pp. 307-316. (doi: 10.1038/s41588-017-0029-0) (PMID:29358649)

Suliman, S. et al. (2018) Four-gene pan-African blood signature predicts progression to tuberculosis. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 197(9), pp. 1198-1208. (doi: 10.1164/rccm.201711-2340OC) (PMID:29624071) (PMCID:PMC6019933)

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Dacombe, R.J., Crampin, A.C. , Floyd, S., Randall, A., Ndhlovu, R., Bickle, Q. and Fine, P.E.M. (2007) Time delays between patient and laboratory selectively affect accuracy of helminth diagnosis. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 101(2), pp. 140-145. (doi: 10.1016/j.trstmh.2006.04.008) (PMID:16824566)

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Munthali, L., Mwaungulu, J.N., Muthali, K., Bowie, C. and Crampin, A.C. (2006) Using tuberculosis suspects to identify patients eligible for antiretroviral treatment. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 10(2), pp. 199-202. (PMID:16499261)

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Crampin, A. C. , Glynn, J. R., Ngwira, B. M.M., Mwaungulu, F. D., Pönnighaus, J. M., Warndorff, D. K. and Fine, P. E.M. (2003) Trends and measurement of HIV prevalence in northern Malawi. AIDS, 17(12), pp. 1817-1825. (doi: 10.1097/00002030-200308150-00011) (PMID:12891068)

Black, G. F. et al. (2003) Gamma interferon responses induced by a panel of recombinant and purified mycobacterial antigens in healthy, non-mycobacterium bovis BCG-vaccinated Malawian young adults. Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, 10(4), pp. 602-611. (doi: 10.1128/cdli.10.4.602-611.2003) (PMID:12853392) (PMCID:PMC164276)

Crampin, A. C. et al. (2003) The long-term impact of HIV and orphanhood on the mortality and physical well-being of children in rural Malawi. AIDS, 17(3), pp. 389-397. (PMID:12556693)

McCormack, G. P. et al. (2002) Early evolution of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C epidemic in rural Malawi. Journal of Virology, 76(24), pp. 12890-12899. (doi: 10.1128/jvi.76.24.12890-12899.2002) (PMID:12438614) (PMCID:PMC136717)

Crampin, A. C. , Floyd, S., Glynn, J. R., Sibande, F., Mulawa, D., Nyondo, A., Broadbent, P., Bliss, L., Ngwira, B. and Fine, P. E.M. (2002) Long-term follow-up of HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals in rural Malawi. AIDS, 16(11), pp. 1545-1550. (doi: 10.1097/00002030-200207260-00012) (PMID:12131193)

Black, G. F. et al. (2002) BCG-induced increase in interferon-gamma response to mycobacterial antigens and efficacy of BCG vaccination in Malawi and the UK: two randomised controlled studies. Lancet, 359(9315), pp. 1393-1401. (doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(02)08353-8) (PMID:11978337)

Ngwira, B.M.M., Jabu, C.H., Kanyongoloka, H., Mponda, M., Crampin, A.C. , Branson, K., Alexander, N.D.E. and Fine, P.E.M. (2002) Lymphatic filariasis in the Karonga district of northern Malawi: a prevalence survey. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 96(2), pp. 137-144. (doi: 10.1179/0003498302125000411) (PMID:12080974)

Randall, A.E. et al. (2002) Patterns of helminth infection and relationship to BCG vaccination in Karonga District, northern Malawi. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 96(1), pp. 29-33. (doi: 10.1016/s0035-9203(02)90229-4) (PMID:11925985)

Rawson, H., Crampin, A. and Noah, N. (2001) Deaths from chickenpox in England and Wales 1995-7: analysis of routine mortality data. British Medical Journal, 323(7321), pp. 1091-1093. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.323.7321.1091) (PMID:11701571) (PMCID:PMC59681)

Crampin, A.C. , Floyd, S., Mwaungulu, F., Black, G., Ndhlovu, R., Mwaiyeghele, E., Glynn, J.R., Warndorff, D.K. and Fine, P.E.M. (2001) Comparison of two versus three smears in identifying culture-positive tuberculosis patients in a rural African setting with high HIV prevalence. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 5(11), pp. 994-999. (PMID:11716350)

Crampin, A.C. , Mwinuka, V., Malema, S.S., Glynn, J.R. and Fine, P.E.M. (2001) Field-based random sampling without a sampling frame: control selection for a case-control study in rural Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 95(5), pp. 481-483. (doi: 10.1016/s0035-9203(01)90009-4) (PMID:11706653)

Black, G. F. et al. (2001) Patterns and implications of naturally acquired immune responses to environmental and tuberculous mycobacterial antigens in Northern Malawi. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 184(3), pp. 322-329. (doi: 10.1086/322042) (PMID:11443558)

Crampin, A.C. and Damisoni, H. (2001) HIV/AIDS testing and counselling. Leprosy Review, 72(3), pp. 345-351. (doi: 10.5935/0305-7518.20010042) (PMID:11715281)

Glynn, J. R., Pönnighaus, J., Crampin, A. C. , Sibande, F., Sichali, L., Nkhosa, P., Broadbent, P. and Fine, P. E.M. (2001) The development of the HIV epidemic in Karonga District, Malawi. AIDS, 15(15), pp. 2025-2029. (doi: 10.1097/00002030-200110190-00016) (PMID:11600832)

Glynn, J.R., Warndorff, D.K., Malema, S.S., Mwinuka, V., Pönnighaus, J.M., Crampin, A.C. and Fine, P.E.M. (2000) Tuberculosis: associations with HIV and socioeconomic status in rural Malawi. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 94(5), pp. 500-503. (doi: 10.1016/s0035-9203(00)90065-8) (PMID:11132374)

Wilcocks, L. et al. (1998) A large outbreak of cryptosporidiosis associated with a public water supply from a deep chalk borehole. Outbreak Investigation Team. Communicable Disease and Public Health, 1(4), pp. 239-243. (PMID:9854881)

Crampin, A.C. , Lamagni, T.L., Hope, V.D., Newham, J.A., Lewis, K.M., Parry, J.V. and Gill, O.N. (1998) The risk of infection with HIV and hepatitis B in individuals who inject steroids in England and Wales. Epidemiology and Infection, 121(2), pp. 381-386. (doi: 10.1017/s0950268898001265) (PMID:9825789)

Crampin, A.C. and Matthews, R.C. (1993) Application of the polymerase chain reaction to the diagnosis of candidosis by amplification of an HSP 90 gene fragment. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 39(3), pp. 233-238. (doi: 10.1099/00222615-39-3-233) (PMID:8366523)

This list was generated on Mon Oct 26 20:20:32 2020 GMT.

Grants

Grants and Awards listed are those received whilst working with the University of Glasgow.

  • Multimorbidity in Africa - Increasing Understanding of the Patient Experience and Epidemiology (MAfricaEE)
    Medical Research Council
    2020 - 2021
     
  • Healthy Lives - Malawi, Intergenerational family cohort of chronic conditions
    Wellcome Trust
    2019 - 2024
     
  • DIPLOMATIC
    National Institute for Health Research
    2018 - 2021
     
  • NIHR Global Health Research Group on estimating the prevalence, quality and life, economic and societal impact of arthritis in Tanzania: a mixed methods study at University of Glasgow
    National Institute for Health Research
    2018 - 2022