Professor Alastair Leyland

  • Associate Director (MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit)

Biography

Alastair is Professor of Population Health Statistics and Associate Director of the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit. He obtained his B.Sc. (Hons) in Mathematics and his M.Sc. in Applied Statistics from the University of Southampton and his Ph.D. from the University of Sunderland. He worked at the Public Health Research Unit at the University of Glasgow and, following its merger with the Medical Sociology Unit, has been working at the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit since 1999. Alastair is on the Governing Board of the European Public Health Association (EUPHA), joint President of the Public Health Epidemiology section of EUPHA and serves on the committee of the Society for Social Medicine. He is a fellow of the Faculty of Public Health, a Chartered Statistician and a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society. He has been an editor of the European Journal of Public Health since December 2009 and chaired the European Public Health Conference when it was held in Glasgow in 2014. He served on the NIHR Public Health Research Funding Board from 2009-2015.

Alastair’s academic outputs can be found on his Google Scholar and ORCID pages. Follow Alastair on Twitter @AlastairLeyland.


Research interests

Alastair currently heads the research programme Measuring and Analysing Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health within the MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, having led the programme Measuring Health, Variations in Health and the Determinants of Health from 1999-2015. His recent research has focussed on inequalities in mortality in Scotland and the evaluation of natural experiments, particularly involving the use of routinely collected data. Other longstanding research interests include the application of multilevel modelling to health data, particularly concerning its use as a tool for exploring inequalities, and expanding the uses of routinely collected and linked hospital discharge, mortality and register data. Alastair has also given a number of training courses across the world with Professor Peter Groenewegen from the Netherlands Centre for Health Services Research: Health in Context: A course in Multilevel Modelling for Public Health and Health Services Research.


Grants

Grants and Awards listed are those received whilst working with the University of Glasgow.

  • Causal effects of alcohol and mental health problems on employment outcomes: Harnessing UK Biobank and linked administrative data
    The Health Foundation
    2018 - 2020
     
  • Morbidity and mortality among people experiencing severe and multiple disadvantage: a cohort study using cross-sectoral data linkage
    Chief Scientist Office
    2018 - 2021
     
  • Evaluating possible intended and unintended consequences of the implementation of Minimum Unit Pricing of Alcohol in Scotland: a natural experiment
    National Institute for Health Research
    2017 - 2020
     
  • Improving life chances & reducing child health inequalities: harnessing the untapped potential of existing data
    Wellcome Trust
    2017 - 2022
     
  • Strengthening data linkage to reduce health inequalities in low and middle income countries: building on the Brazilian 100 million cohort
    National Institute for Health Research
    2017 - 2020
     
  • Evaluating graduated progress towards an indoor smoke free prison facilities in Scotland
    National Institute for Health Research
    2016 - 2019
     
  • Harmonising alcohol-related outcomes data across the UK & Ireland
    Public Health Agency
    2015 - 2016
     
  • Evaluation of the Healthy Start Voucher Scheme in UK: a natural experiment using the Growing Up in Scotland record linkage study and the Infant Feeding Survey.
    National Institute for Health Research
    2015 - 2017
     
  • Quinquennial Core Funds
    Medical Research Council
    2015 - 2020
     
  • SPHSU Core Renewal: Measuring and Analysing Socioeconomic Inequalities in Health Research Programme
    Medical Research Council
    2015 - 2020
     
  • Supporting Older people into Employment (SOPIE): identitying factors influencing return to work in the over 50s
    Medical Research Council
    2014 - 2018
     
  • Evaluation of Health in Pregnancy Grants Scotland.
    National Institute for Health Research
    2014 - 2015
     
  • The effect of geography and socioeconomic status on health care costs at the end of life: implications for resource allocation and expenditure projections in Scotland
    Chief Scientist Office
    2014 - 2016
     
  • Measuring Health, Variations in Health and Determinants of Health
    Medical Research Council
    2013 - 2015
     
  • Statistical design of surveys (WIAT)
    Department of Health
    2013 - 2016
     

Supervision

  • Simona, Simona
    STRUCTURAL VIOLENCE AND HEALTH (IN)EQUITIES IN MARTENAL HEALTHCARE: A MULTI-LEVEL ANALYSIS
  • Yates, Megan
    Mortality Amenable to Health Care Intervention in Scotland

Publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2018 | 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000 | 1999 | 1998 | 1997 | 1996 | 1995 | 1993 | 1992 | 1991 | 1990
Number of items: 227.

2018

Popham, F. and Leyland, A. H. (2018) Assessing confounder balance in outcome regressions. Epidemiology, 29(5), e47-e48. (doi:10.1097/EDE.0000000000000871) (PMID:29889133) (PMCID:PMC6070130)

Semple, S., Mueller, W., Leyland, A. H. , Gray, L. and Cherrie, J. W. (2018) Assessing progress in protecting non-smokers from secondhand smoke. Tobacco Control, (doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054599) (PMID:30158211) (Early Online Publication)

Leyland, A. (2018) Area deprivation measures used in Brazil: a scoping review. Revista de Saúde Pública, (Accepted for Publication)

Ward Thompson, C. et al. (2018) Health impacts of the WIAT programme to improve local woodlands for deprived urban communities : a quasi-experimental study. Public Health Research, (Accepted for Publication)

2017

Katikireddi, S. V. , Leyland, A. H. , McKee, M., Ralston, K. and Stuckler, D. (2017) Patterns of mortality by occupation in the UK, 1991–2011: a comparative analysis of linked census and mortality records. Lancet Public Health, 2(11), e501-e512. (doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(17)30193-7) (PMID:29130073) (PMCID:PMC5666203)

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Alcohol. In: McLean, J., Christie, S. and Gray, L. (eds.) Scottish Health Survey 2016: Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 14-42. ISBN 9781788512763

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Smoking. In: McLean, J., Christie, S. and Gray, L. (eds.) Scottish Health Survey 2016: Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 43-73. ISBN 9781788512763

Leyland, A. H. , Ouédraogo, S., Nam, J., Bond, L., Briggs, A. H. , Gray, R., Wood, R. and Dundas, R. (2017) Evaluation of health in pregnancy grants in Scotland: a natural experiment using routine data. Public Health Research, 5(6), (doi:10.3310/phr05060) (PMID:29035487)

Falster, M. O., Jorm, L. R. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Using weighted hospital service area networks to explore variation in preventable hospitalization. Health Services Research, (doi:10.1111/1475-6773.12777) (PMID:28940236) (Early Online Publication)

Katikireddi, S. , Skivington, K. , Leyland, A. H. , Hunt, K. and Mercer, S. W. (2017) The contribution of risk factors to socioeconomic inequalities in multimorbidity across the lifecourse: a longitudinal analysis of the Twenty07 cohort. BMC Medicine, 15, 152. (doi:10.1186/s12916-017-0913-6) (PMID:28835246) (PMCID:PMC5569487)

Barlow, J. et al. (2017) Initial protocol for a national evaluation of an area-based intervention programme (A Better Start) on early-life outcomes: a longitudinal cohort study with comparison (control) cohort samples. BMJ Open, 7(8), e015086. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015086) (PMID:28851771) (PMCID:PMC5724149)

Green, M. J. , Leyland, A. H. , Sweeting, H. and Benzeval, M. (2017) Causal effects of transitions to adult roles on early adult smoking and drinking: evidence from three cohorts. Social Science and Medicine, 187, pp. 193-202. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.06.018) (PMID:28663104) (PMCID:PMC5529289)

Katikireddi, S. V. , Whitley, E., Lewsey, J. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Alcohol consumption, wealth and health - Authors' reply. Lancet Public Health, 2(8), e354. (doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(17)30142-1) (PMID:29253475)

Sauzet, O. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Contextual effects on health inequalities: a research agenda. European Journal of Public Health, 27(4), pp. 587-588. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckx038) (PMID:28961878)

Gorman, E., Leyland, A. H. , McCartney, G., Katikireddi, S. V. , Rutherford, L., Graham, L., Robinson, M. and Gray, L. (2017) Adjustment for survey non-representativeness using record-linkage: refined estimates of alcohol consumption by deprivation in Scotland. Addiction, 112(7), pp. 1270-1280. (doi:10.1111/add.13797) (PMID:28276110) (PMCID:PMC5467727)

Stewart, C. H., Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) The Scottish school leavers cohort: linkage of education data to routinely collected records for mortality, hospital discharge and offspring birth characteristics. BMJ Open, 7(7), e015027. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015027) (PMID:28698325) (PMCID:PMC5734257)

Katikireddi, S. V. , Whitley, E., Lewsey, J. , Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Socioeconomic status as an effect modifier of alcohol consumption and harm: an analysis of linked cohort data. Lancet Public Health, 2(6), e267-e276. (doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(17)30078-6) (PMID:28626829) (PMCID:PMC5463030)

Craig, P. , Katikireddi, S. V. , Leyland, A. and Popham, F. (2017) Natural experiments: An overview of methods, approaches, and contributions to public health intervention research. Annual Review of Public Health, 38, pp. 39-56. (doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031816-044327) (PMID:28125392)

2016

Seaman, R., Leyland, A. H. and Popham, F. (2016) Increasing inequality in age of death at shared levels of life expectancy: A comparative study of Scotland and England and Wales. SSM - Population Health, 2, pp. 724-731. (doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.10.001) (PMID:28018961) (PMCID:PMC5165049)

Craig, P. , Dundas, R. , Leyland, A. and Popham, F. (2016) How successful was the English teenage pregnancy strategy? Response to Wellings K, Palmer MJ, Gear RS et al. Changes in conceptions in women younger than 18 years and the circumstances of young mothers in England in 2000-12: an observational study. Lancet, 388(10060), p. 2604. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)32223-1) (PMID:27894659)

Falster, K., Banks, E., Lujic, S., Falster, M., Lynch, J., Zwi, K., Eades, S., Leyland, A. H. and Jorm, L. (2016) Inequalities in pediatric avoidable hospitalizations between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children in Australia: a population data linkage study. BMC Pediatrics, 16, 169. (doi:10.1186/s12887-016-0706-7) (PMID:27769208) (PMCID:PMC5073450)

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Alcohol consumption. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Rutherford, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2015. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 83-113. ISBN 9781786524614

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) General health and multiple conditions. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Rutherford, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2015. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 49-67. ISBN 9781786524614

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Smoking. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Rutherford, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2015. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 115-141. ISBN 9781786524614

Falster, M. O., Jorm, L. R. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Visualising linked health data to explore health events around preventable hospitalisations in NSW Australia. BMJ Open, 6(9), e012031. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012031) (PMID:27604087) (PMCID:PMC5020859)

Curnock, E., Leyland, A. H. and Popham, F. (2016) The impact on health of employment and welfare transitions for those receiving out-of-work disability benefits in the UK. Social Science and Medicine, 162, pp. 1-10. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.05.042) (PMID:27318626) (PMCID:PMC4962812)

Green, M. J. , Leyland, A. H. , Sweeting, H. and Benzeval, M. (2016) Adolescent smoking and tertiary education: opposing pathways linking socioeconomic background to alcohol consumption. Addiction, 111(8), pp. 1457-1465. (doi:10.1111/add.13365) (PMID:27162105) (PMCID:PMC4943526)

Pannullo, F. , Lee, D., Waclawski, E. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) How robust are the estimated effects of air pollution on health? Accounting for model uncertainty using Bayesian model averaging. Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Epidemiology, 18, pp. 53-62. (doi:10.1016/j.sste.2016.04.001) (PMID:27494960) (PMCID:PMC4985538)

Schofield, L., Walsh, D., Munoz-Arroyo, R., McCartney, G., Buchanan, D., Lawder, R., Armstrong, M., Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Dying younger in Scotland: trends in mortality and deprivation relative to England and Wales, 1981-2011. Health and Place, 40, pp. 106-115. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.05.007) (PMID:27235691)

Allik, M. , Brown, D. , Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Small-area deprivation measure datasets for Scotland, 2001 and 2011. Data In Brief, 7, pp. 1682-1686. (doi:10.1016/j.dib.2016.04.060) (PMID:27761509) (PMCID:PMC5063812)

Allik, M. , Brown, D. , Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Developing a new small-area measure of deprivation using 2001 and 2011 census data from Scotland. Health and Place, 39, pp. 122-130. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.03.006) (PMID:27082656) (PMCID:PMC4889779)

Geue, C., Wu, O. , Leyland, A. , Lewsey, J. and Quinn, T. J. (2016) Geographic variation of inpatient care costs at the end of life. Age and Ageing, 45(3), pp. 376-381. (doi:10.1093/ageing/afw040) (PMID:27025763) (PMCID:PMC4846794)

Seaman, R., Popham, F. and Leyland, A. (2016) How have trends in lifespan variation changed since 1950? A comparative study of 17 Western European countries. European Journal of Public Health, 26(2), pp. 360-362. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckv185) (PMID:26614636) (PMCID:PMC4804734)

Green, M. J. , Leyland, A. H. , Sweeting, H. and Benzeval, M. (2016) Socioeconomic position and early adolescent smoking development: evidence from the British Youth Panel Survey (1994-2008). Tobacco Control, 25(2), pp. 203-210. (doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051630) (PMID:25380762) (PMCID:PMC4789819)

O'Flaherty, M. et al. (2016) Exploring potential mortality reductions in 9 European countries by improving diet and lifestyle: a modelling approach. International Journal of Cardiology, 207, pp. 286-291. (doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.01.147) (PMID:26812643) (PMCID:PMC4766942)

2015

Brown, J. et al. (2015) Protocol for a mixed-methods longitudinal study to identify factors influencing return to work in the over 50s participating in the UK work programme: supporting older people into employment (SOPIE). BMJ Open, 5(12), e010525. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010525) (PMID:26674507) (PMCID:PMC4691729)

Seaman, R., Mitchell, R., Dundas, R. , Leyland, A.H. and Popham, F. (2015) How much of the difference in life expectancy between Scottish cities does deprivation explain? BMC Public Health, 15, 1057. (doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2358-1) (PMID:26474578) (PMCID:PMC4608116)

Pannullo, F. , Lee, D., Waclawski, E. and Leyland, A. H. (2015) Improving spatial nitrogen dioxide prediction using diffusion tubes: a case study in West Central Scotland. Atmospheric Environment, 118, pp. 227-235. (doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.08.009) (PMID:26435684) (PMCID:PMC4567077)

Falster, M. O., Jorm, L. R., Douglas, K. A., Blyth, F. M., Elliott, R. F. and Leyland, A. H. (2015) Sociodemographic and health characteristics, rather than primary care supply, are major drivers of geographic variation in preventable hospitalizations in Australia. Medical Care, 53(5), pp. 436-445. (doi:10.1097/MLR.0000000000000342) (PMID:25793270) (PMCID:PMC4396734)

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2015) Alcohol consumption. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2014 volume 1: main report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate. ISBN 9781785446870

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2015) Smoking. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2014 volume 1: main report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate. ISBN 9781785446870

Hughes, J. et al. (2015) Modelling future coronary heart disease mortality to 2030 in the British Isles. PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0138044. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138044) (PMID:26422012) (PMCID:PMC4589484)

Leyland, A. , Ricciardi, W., McKee, M. and Paget, D. Z. (2015) Health inequalities are unnecessary and unjust. Eurohealth, 21(1), p. 2.

Lumme, S., Sund, R., Leyland, A. H. and Keskimäki, I. (2015) A Monte Carlo method to estimate the confidence intervals for the concentration index using aggregated population register data. Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology, 15(2), pp. 82-98. (doi:10.1007/s10742-015-0137-1) (PMID:25983615) (PMCID:PMC4426159)

2014

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Alcohol consumption. In: Rutherford, L., Hinchliffe, S. and Sharp, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2013: Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 58-89. ISBN 9781784129422

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) General health, mental wellbeing and caring. In: Rutherford, L., Hinchliffe, S. and Sharp, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2013: Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 12-38. ISBN 9781784129422

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Smoking. In: Rutherford, L., Hinchliffe, S. and Sharp, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2013: Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 90-120. ISBN 9781784129422

Randall, D. A., Reinten, T., Maher, L., Lujic, S., Stewart, J., Keay, L., Leyland, A. H. and Jorm, L. R. (2014) Disparities in cataract surgery between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in New South Wales, Australia. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 42(7), pp. 629-636. (doi:10.1111/ceo.12274) (PMID:24299196) (PMCID:PMC4233999)

Dundas, R. , Leyland, A. and Macintyre, S. (2014) Dundas et al. respond to "Multilevel analysis of individual heterogeneity". American Journal of Epidemiology, 180(2), pp. 213-214. (doi:10.1093/aje/kwu109)

Kearns, A., Bailey, N. , Gannon, M., Livingston, M. and Leyland, A. (2014) 'All in it together'? Social cohesion in a dividing society: attitudes to income inequality and redistribution in a residential context. Journal of Social Policy, 43(3), pp. 453-477. (doi:10.1017/S0047279414000063)

Randall, D.A., Jorm, L.R., Lujic, S., Eades, S.J., Churches, T.R., O’Loughlin, A.J. and Leyland, A.H. (2014) Exploring disparities in acute myocardial infarction events between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians: roles of age, gender, geography and area-level disadvantage. Health and Place, 28, pp. 58-66. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.03.009)

Hotchkiss, J.W. et al. (2014) Explaining trends in Scottish coronary heart disease mortality between 2000 and 2010 using IMPACTSEC model: retrospective analysis using routine data. British Medical Journal, 348, g1088. (doi:10.1136/bmj.g1088)

Brown, D. , Allik, M. , Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Carstairs Scores for Scottish Postcode Sectors, Datazones and Output Areas from the 2011 Census. Technical Report. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow.

Dundas, R. , Ouédraogo, S., Bond, L., Briggs, A.H. , Chalmers, J., Gray, R., Wood, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2014) Evaluation of Health in Pregnancy grants in Scotland: a protocol for a natural experiment. BMJ Open, 4(10), e006547. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006547)

Dundas, R. , Leyland, A. H. and Macintyre, S. (2014) Early-life school, neighbourhood and family influences on adult health: a multilevel cross-classified analysis of the Aberdeen children of the 1950s study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 180(2), pp. 197-207. (doi:10.1093/aje/kwu110)

Gorman, E., Leyland, A. H. , McCartney, G., White, I. R., Katikireddi, S. V. , Rutherford, L., Graham, L. and Gray, L. (2014) Assessing the representativeness of population-sampled health surveys through linkage to administrative data on alcohol-related outcomes. American Journal of Epidemiology, 180(9), pp. 941-948. (doi:10.1093/aje/kwu207)

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Alcohol. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2014: Volume 1: Main Report. Series: National statistics publication for Scotland. Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 38-67. ISBN 9781785446870

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Inequalities in health risks. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2014: Volume 1: Main Report. Series: National statistics publication for Scotland. Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 248-99. ISBN 9781785446870

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Smoking. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2014: Volume 1: Main Report. Series: National statistics publication for Scotland. Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 69-99. ISBN 9781785446870

Leyland, A. and Groenewegen, P.P. (2014) Hierarchical linear modeling. In: Michalos, A. C. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer: Dordrecht, pp. 2861-2863. ISBN 9789400707528 (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_1286)

Leyland, A. and Groenewegen, P.P. (2014) Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). In: Michalos, A. C. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer: Dordrecht, pp. 3367-3368. ISBN 9789400707528 (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_1528)

Ralston, K., Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) A comparison of the Scottish index of multiple deprivation (SIMD) 2004 with the 2009 + 1 SIMD: does choice of measure affect the interpretation of inequality in mortality? International Journal of Health Geographics, 13, 27. (doi:10.1186/1476-072X-13-27) (PMID:25001866) (PMCID:PMC4105786)

2013

Randall, D.A., Lujic, S., Leyland, A. and Jorm, L.R. (2013) Statistical methods to enhance reporting of Aboriginal Australians in routine hospital records using data linkage affect estimates of health disparities. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 37(5), pp. 442-449. (doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12114)

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2013) Long-term conditions. In: Scottish Health Survey 2012 - Volume 1 Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate. ISBN 9781782569244

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2013) Smoking. In: The Scottish Health Survey 2012. The Scottish Government Health Directorate. ISBN 9781782569244

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2013) Obesity. In: The Scottish Health Survey 2012. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9781782569244

Hotchkiss, J.W. et al. (2013) OP53 explaining Scottish coronary heart disease mortality trends between 2000 and 2010: socioeconomic analyses using the impact sec model. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(Sup 1), A26-A26. (doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203126.53)

Green, M. , Leyland, A.H. , Sweeting, H. and Benzeval, M. (2013) Socioeconomic position and adolescent trajectories in smoking, drinking, and psychiatric distress. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53(2), 202-208.e2. (doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.02.023)

Randall, D.A., Jorm, L.R., Lujic, S., O'Loughlin, A.J., Eades, S.J. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) Disparities in revascularization rates after acute myocardial infarction between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in Australia. Circulation, 127(7), pp. 811-819. (doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.112.000566)

Bailey, N. , Gannon, M., Kearns, A., Livingston, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) The Impact of Neighbourhood Context on Welfare Attitudes: Summary of Findings. Project Report. University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Bailey, N. , Gannon, M., Kearns, A., Livingston, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) Living apart, losing sympathy? How neighbourhood context affects attitudes to redistribution and to welfare recipients. Environment and Planning A, 45(9), pp. 2154-2175. (doi:10.1068/a45641)

Claussen, B., Næss, Ø., Reime, L.J. and Leyland, A. (2013) Proof firm downsizing and diagnosis-specific disability pensioning in Norway. BMC Public Health, 13(1), p. 27. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-27)

Dundas, R. , Ralston, K., Walsh, D. and Leyland, A. (2013) OP31 Is excess mortality in Glasgow an artefact of inadequate control for deprivation: a case-control study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(Sup 1), A16-A17. (doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203126.31)

Falster, M.O., Randall, D.A., Lujic, S., Ivers, R., Leyland, A.H. and Jorm, L.R. (2013) Disentangling the impacts of geography and Aboriginality on serious road transport injuries in New South Wales. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 54, pp. 32-38. (doi:10.1016/j.aap.2013.01.015)

Gray, L. , Leyland, A.H. , Benzeval, M. and Watt, G.C.M. (2013) Explaining the social patterning of lung function in adulthood at different ages: the roles of childhood precursors, health behaviours and environmental factors. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67, pp. 905-911. (doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201704)

Gray, L. , McCartney, G., White, I.R., Katikireddi, S.V. , Rutherford, L., Gorman, E. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) Use of record-linkage to handle non-response and improve alcohol consumption estimates in health survey data: a study protocol. BMJ Open, 3(3), e002647-e002647. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002647)

Green, M. , Leyland, A. , Sweeting, H. and Benzeval, M. (2013) OP06 opposing processes contingent on early smoking: a cross-cohort comparison of socioeconomic inequalities in alcohol use across the youth-to-adult transition. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(Sup 1), A6-A6. (doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203126.6)

Hotchkiss, J.W., Davies, C.A. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) Adiposity has differing associations with incident coronary heart disease and mortality in the Scottish population: cross-sectional surveys with follow-up. International Journal of Obesity, 37(5), pp. 732-739. (doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.102)

Hughes, J. et al. (2013) OP56 modelling future coronary heart disease mortality to 2030 in the British Isles. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(Sup 1), A27-A28. (doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203126.56)

Jorm, L.R., Randall, D.A., Falster, M.O. and Leyland, A. (2013) OP08 using linked administrative data and multilevel modelling to identify targets for interventions to tackle health disparities. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(Sup 1), A7-A7. (doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203126.8)

Katikireddi, S. , Gorman, D.R. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) A comparison of trends in caesarean section rates in former communist (transition) countries and other European countries. European Journal of Public Health, 23(3), pp. 381-383. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/cks165)

Kearns, A., Bailey, N. , Gannon, M., Livingston, M. and Leyland, A. (2013) 'All in it together'? Social cohesion in a dividing society: attitudes to income inequality and redistribution in a residential context. In: 43rd Annual Urban Affairs Association Conference, San Francisco, CA, 3-6 Apr 2013,

Leyland, A. (2013) Youth unemployment at times of recession: what does the future hold? European Journal of Public Health, 23(4), p. 527. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckt094)

McCallum, A.K., Manderbacka, K., Arffman, M., Leyland, A.H. and Keskimäki, I. (2013) Socioeconomic differences in mortality amenable to health care among Finnish adults 1992-2003: 12 year follow up using individual level linked population register data. BMC Health Services Research, 13(3), (doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-3)

McCartney, G., Leyland, A.H. , Fischbacher, C.M., Whyte, B., Walsh, D. and Stockton, D.L. (2013) Commentary: Long-term monitoring of health inequalities in Scotland-A response to Frank and Haw. Milbank Quarterly, 91(1), pp. 186-191. (doi:10.1111/milq.12006)

Mok, P.L.H., Leyland, A.H. , Kapur, N., Windfuhr, K., Appleby, L., Platt, S. and Webb, R.T. (2013) Why does Scotland have a higher suicide rate than England? An area-level investigation of health and social factors. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(1), pp. 63-70. (doi:10.1136/jech-2011-200855)

Silveirinha de Oliveira, E., Aspinall, P., Briggs, A. , Cummins, S., Leyland, A. , Mitchell, R., Roe, J. and Ward Thompson, C. (2013) How effective is the Forestry Commission Scotland's woodland improvement programme--'Woods In and Around Towns' (WIAT)--at improving psychological well-being in deprived urban communities? A quasi-experimental study. BMJ Open, 3(8), e003648. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003648)

2012

Lumme, S., Sund, R., Leyland, A.H. and Keskimäki, I. (2012) Socioeconomic equity in amenable mortality in Finland 1992–2008. Social Science and Medicine, 75(5), pp. 905-913. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.04.007)

Mok, P. L.H., Kapur, N., Windfuhr, K., Appleby, L., Leyland, A. H. , Platt, S. and Webb, R. T. (2012) Authors' reply. British Journal of Psychiatry, 201(2), p. 160. (doi:10.1192/bjp.201.2.160)

Mok, P.L.H., Kapur, N., Windfuhr, K., Leyland, A.H. , Appleby, L., Platt, S. and Webb, R.T. (2012) Trends in national suicide rates for Scotland and for England & Wales, 1960-2008. British Journal of Psychiatry, 200(3), pp. 245-251. (doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.111.092908)

Brown, D. , O'Reilly, D., Gayle, V., Macintyre, S., Benzeval, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Socio-demographic and health characteristics of individuals left behind in deprived and declining areas in Scotland. Health and Place, 18(2), pp. 440-444. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.01.002)

Ellaway, A. , Benzeval, M., Green, M. , Leyland, A. and Macintyre, S. (2012) "Getting sicker quicker": does living in a more deprived neighbourhood mean your health deteriorates faster? Health and Place, 18(2), pp. 132-137. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.08.005)

Gray, L. et al. (2012) International differences in self-reported health measures in 33 major metropolitan areas in Europe. European Journal of Public Health, 22(1), pp. 40-47. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckq170)

Bailey, N. , Gannon, M., Kearns, A., Livingston, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Living apart, losing sympathy? How attitudes to redistribution and to welfare recipients depend on where you live. In: Social Policy Association / East Asian Social Policy Network Conference 2012, York, UK, 16-18 Jul 2012,

Brown, D. , Benzeval, M., Gayle, V., Macintyre, S., O'Reilly, D. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Childhood residential mobility and health in late adolescence and adulthood: findings from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 66(10), pp. 942-950. (doi:10.1136/jech-2011-200316)

Cooper, C., Frank, J., Leyland, A.H. , Hardy, R., Lawlor, D.A., Wareham, N.J., Dezateux, C. and Inskip, H. (2012) Using cohort studies in lifecourse epidemiology. Public Health, 126(3), pp. 190-192. (doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2011.12.002)

Gannon, M., Livingston, M., Bailey, N. , Kearns, A. and Leyland, A. (2012) Does neighbourhood context impact on attitudes to inequality and redistribution? Questions of scale and patterning. In: European Network for Housing Research Conference, Lillehammer, Norway, 25-27 Jun 2012,

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Diet. In: Rutherford, L., Sharp, C. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2011. Volume 2, Children. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 62-85. ISBN 9781780458427

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Obesity. In: Rutherford, L., Sharp, C. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2011. Volume 1, Adults. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 185-205. ISBN 9781780458410

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Obesity. In: Rutherford, L., Sharp, C. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2011. Volume 2, Children. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 101-115. ISBN 9781780458427

Hotchkiss, J.W., Davies, C.A., Gray, L. , Bromley, C., Capewell, S. and Leyland, A. (2012) Trends in cardiovascular disease biomarkers and their socioeconomic patterning among adults in the Scottish population 1995 to 2009: cross-sectional surveys. BMJ Open, 2(3), e000771-e000771. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000771)

Jorm, L.R., Leyland, A.H. , Blyth, F.M., Elliott, R.F., Douglas, K.M.A. and Redman, S. (2012) Assessing preventable hospitalisation indicators (APHID): protocol for a data-linkage study using cohort study and administrative data. BMJ Open, 2(6), e002344. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002344)

Leyland, A.H. (2012) Alcohol, financial crisis and reform: learning from the Russian experience. European Journal of Public Health, 22(3), p. 300. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/cks051)

Melhuish, E., Belsky, J. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) The Impact of Sure Start Local Programmes on Seven Year Olds and Their Families. Other. Department of Education, London, UK.

Molaodi, O.R., Leyland, A.H. , Ellaway, A. , Kearns, A. and Harding, S. (2012) Neighbourhood food and physical activity environments in England, UK: does ethnic density matter? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9(75), (doi:10.1186/1479-5868-9-75)

Randall, D.A., Jorm, L.R., Lujic, S., O’Loughlin, A.J., Churches, T.R., Haines, M.M., Eades, S.J. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Mortality after admission for acute myocardial infarction in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in New South Wales, Australia: a multilevel data linkage study. BMC Public Health, 12(281), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-281)

2011

Popham, F. , Boyle, P. J., O'Reilly, D. and Leyland, A. H. (2011) Selective internal migration. Does it explain Glasgow's worsening mortality record? Health and Place, 17(6), pp. 1212-1217. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.08.004) (PMID:21885323)

Hotchkiss, J.W. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) The relationship between body size and mortality in the linked Scottish health surveys: cross-sectional surveys with follow-up. International Journal of Obesity, 35(6), pp. 838-851. (doi:10.1038/ijo.2010.207)

Benzeval, M., Green, M.J. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) Do social inequalities in health widen or converge with age? Longitudinal evidence from three cohorts in the West of Scotland. BMC Public Health, 11(947), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-947)

Fairley, L., Dundas, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) The influence of both individual and area based socioeconomic status on temporal trends in Caesarean sections in Scotland 1980-2000. BMC Public Health, 11, p. 330. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-330)

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) Adult and child obesity. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2010. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh, UK. ISBN 9781780453415

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) Fruit and vegetable consumption. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2010. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh, UK. ISBN 9781780453415

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) Respiratory health and lung function. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2010. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh, UK. ISBN 9781780453415

Hotchkiss, J.W., Davies, C., Gray, L. , Bromley, C., Capewell, S. and Leyland, A. (2011) Trends in adult cardiovascular disease risk factors and their socio-economic patterning in the Scottish population 1995-2008: cross-sectional surveys. BMJ Open, 1(1), e000176-e000176. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000176)

McCartney, G., Mahmood, L., Leyland, A.H. , Batty, G.D. and Hunt, K. (2011) Contribution of smoking-related and alcohol-related deaths to the gender gap in mortality: evidence from 30 European countries. Tobacco Control, 20(2), pp. 166-168. (doi:10.1136/tc.2010.037929)

2010

Brown, D. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Scottish mortality rates 2000–2002 by deprivation and small area population mobility. Social Science and Medicine, 71(11), pp. 1951-1957. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.09.015)

Naess, O. and Leyland, A. (2010) Analysing the effect of area of residence over the life course in multilevel epidemiology. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 38(5 Sup), pp. 119-126. (doi:10.1177/1403494810384646)

Leyland, A. (2010) Methodological challenges in the evaluation of community interventions. European Journal of Public Health, 20(3), pp. 242-243. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckq058)

Fransson, C., Tomasi, C., Pikner, S.S., Gröndahl, K., Wennström, J.L., Leyland, A.H. and Berglundh, T. (2010) Severity and pattern of peri-implantitis-associated bone loss. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 37(5), pp. 442-448. (doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01537.x)

Leyland, A.H. and Dundas, R. (2010) The social patterning of deaths due to assault in Scotland, 1980-2005: population-based study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64(5), pp. 432-439. (doi:10.1136/jech.2009.095018)

Gray, L. , Batty, G.D., Craig, P. , Stewart, C., Whyte, B., Findlayson, A. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Cohort profile: the Scottish health surveys cohort: linkage of study participants to routinely collected records for mortality, hospital discharge, cancer and offspring birth characteristics in three nationwide studies. International Journal of Epidemiology, 39(2), pp. 345-350. (doi:10.1093/ije/dyp155)

Tarkiainen, L., Martikainen, P., Laaksonen, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Comparing the effects of neighbourhood characteristics on all-cause mortality using two hierarchical areal units in the capital region of Helsinki. Health and Place, 16(2), pp. 409-412. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.10.008)

Brown, D. , O'Reilly, D., Boyle, P.J., Macintyre, S., Benzeval, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) 041 Childhood residential stability and health status in early adulthood and midlife. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64(Suppl), A16-A17. (doi:10.1136/jech.2010.120956.41)

Davies, C. A. and Leyland, A. H. (2010) Trends and inequalities in short-term acute myocardial infarction case fatality in Scotland, 1988-2004. Population Health Metrics, 8(33), (doi:10.1186/1478-7954-8-33)

Dundas, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) The social patterning of deaths due to assault in Scotland, 1980-2005: a population based study. AQMeN Applied Quantitative Methods Newsletter(3),

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Adult obesity. In: Bromley, C., Given, L. and Ormston, R. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2009. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9780755996186

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Diet. In: Bromley, C., Given, L. and Ormston, R. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2009. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9780755996186

Jackson, A.L., Davies, C.A. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Do differences in the administrative structure of populations confound comparisons of geographic health inequalities? BMC Medical Research Methodology, 10(74), (doi:10.1186/1471-2288-10-74)

Leyland, A.H. (2010) No quick fix: understanding the difference between fixed and random effect models [Commentary]. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64(12), pp. 1027-1028. (doi:10.1136/jech.2009.102236)

Popham, F. , Boyle, P., O'Reilly, D. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Exploring the Impact of Selective Migration on the Deprivation-Mortality Gap within Greater Glasgow. Technical Report. Glasgow Centre for Population Health, Glasgow, UK.

2009

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2009) A multilevel analysis of diet and socio-economic status in Scotland: investigating the ‘Glasgow effect’. Public Health Nutrition, 12(9), pp. 1351-1358. (doi:10.1017/S1368980008004047)

Bond, L., Leyland, A.H. , Macintyre, S. and Wight, D. (2009) Evaluation of a youth development programme demonstrates the need for the randomised roll-out of community interventions [rapid response] ID - 870. British Medical Journal,

Leyland, A.H. and Naess, Ø. (2009) The effect of area of residence over the life course on subsequent mortality. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 172(3), pp. 555-578. (doi:10.1111/j.1467-985X.2008.00581.x)

Brown, D. and Leyland, A.H. (2009) Population mobility, deprivation and self-reported limiting long-term illness in small areas across Scotland. Health and Place, 15(1), pp. 37-44. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.01.009)

Manderbacka, K., Arffman, M., Leyland, A. , Mccallum, A. and Keskimaki, I. (2009) Change and persistence in healthcare inequities: access to elective surgery in Finland in 1992--2003. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 37(2), pp. 131-138. (doi:10.1177/1403494808098505)

Belsky, J., Leyland, A.H. , Barnes, J. and Melhuish, E. (2009) Sure start in England. Lancet, 373(9661), p. 381. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60132-X)

Davies, C.A., Dundas, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2009) Increasing socioeconomic inequalities in first acute myocardial infarction in Scotland, 1990–92 and 2000–02. BMC Public Health, 9, p. 134. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-134)

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2009) Fruit and vegetable consumption. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2008. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9780755981076

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2009) Obesity. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2008. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9780755981076

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2009) Smoking. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2008. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9780755981076

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2009) Is the "Glasgow effect" of cigarette smoking explained by socio-economic status?: A multilevel analysis. BMC Public Health, 9(245), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-245)

2008

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2008) Overweight status and psychological well-being in adolescent boys and girls: a multilevel analysis. European Journal of Public Health, 18(6), pp. 616-621. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckn044)

Melhuish, E., Belsky, J., Leyland, A.H. and Barnes, J. (2008) Effects of fully-established Sure Start Local Programmes on 3-year-old children and their families living in England: a quasi-experimental observational study. Lancet, 372(9650), pp. 1641-1647. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61687-6)

Lumme, S., Leyland, A. and Keskimäki, I. (2008) Multilevel modeling of regional variation in equity in health care. Medical Care, 46(9), pp. 976-983. (doi:10.1097/MLR.0b013e3181791970)

Bloor, M., Gannon, M., Hay, G., Jackson, G., Leyland, A. and McKeganey, N. (2008) Contribution of problem drug users' deaths to excess mortality in Scotland: secondary analysis of cohort study. British Medical Journal, 337, a478. (doi:10.1136/bmj.a478)

Naess, O., Claussen, B., Davey Smith, G. and Leyland, A.H. (2008) Life course influence of residential area on cause-specific mortality. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62, pp. 29-34. (doi:10.1136/jech.2006.048090)

2007

Leyland, A.H. , Dundas, R. , McLoone, P. and Boddy, F.A. (2007) Cause-specific inequalities in mortality in Scotland: two decades of change - a population-based study. BMC Public Health, 7, p. 172. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-172)

Leyland, A.H. , Dundas, R. , McLoone, P. and Boddy, F.A. (2007) Inequalities in Mortality in Scotland, 1981-2001. Series: Occasional paper (Medical Research Council (Great Britain). Social and Public Health Sciences Unit) (16). MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit: Glasgow, UK. ISBN 9781901519068

Manda, S. and Leyland, A. (2007) An empirical comparison of maximum likelihood and Bayesian estimation methods for multivariate disease mapping. South African Statistical Journal, 41, pp. 1-21.

Melhuish, E., Belsky, J., Anning, A., Ball, M., Barnes, J., Romaniuk, H., Leyland, A. and NESS Research Team, (2007) Variation in community intervention programmes and consequences for children and families: the example of Sure Start Local Programmes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48(6), pp. 543-551.

N+ªss +, , Piro, F., Nafstad, P., Davey Smith, G. and Leyland, A. (2007) Air pollution, social deprivation and mortality. A multilevel cohort study. Epidemiology, 18, pp. 686-694.

Tomasi, C., Leyland, A. and Wennstrom, J. (2007) Factors influencing the outcome of non-surgical periodontal treatment: a multilevel approach. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 34(8), pp. 682-690.

2006

Belsky, J., Melhuish, E., Barnes, J., Leyland, A.H. and Romaniuk, H. (2006) Effects of Sure Start local programmes on children and families: early findings from a quasi-experimental, cross sectional study. British Medical Journal, 332(7556), pp. 1476-1479. (doi:10.1136/bmj.38853.451748.2F)

Chaix, B., Leyland, A.H. , Sabel, C.E., Chauvin, P., Råstam, L., Kristersson, H. and Merlo, J. (2006) Spatial clustering of mental disorders and associated characteristics of the neighbourhood context in Malmö, Sweden, in 2001. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(4), pp. 427-435. (doi:10.1136/jech.2005.040360)

Fairley, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2006) Social class inequalities in perinatal outcomes: Scotland 1980–2000. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(1), pp. 31-36. (doi:10.1136/jech.2005.038380)

Belsky, J., Melhuish, E., Barnes, J., Leyland, A. , Romaniuk, H. and The National Evaluation of Sure Start, (2006) Effects of Sure Start Local Programmes on children and families: early findings from a quasi-experimental cross-sectional study. British Medical Journal, 332, pp. 1476-1478.

Chaix, B., Leyland, A. , Sabel, C., Chauvin, P., R+Ñstam, L., Kristersson, H. and Merlo, J. (2006) Spatial clustering of mental disorders and associated characteristics of the neighbourhood context in Malm+Â, Sweden, in 2001. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60, pp. 427-435.

Chaix, B., Leyland, A. , Sabel, C., Chauvin, P., Rastam, L., Kristersson, H. and Merlo, J. (2006) Spatial clustering of mental disorders and associated characteristics of the neighbourhood context in Malmo, Sweden, in 2001. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(4), pp. 427-435.

Dundas, R., Leyland, A. , Macintyre, S. and Leon, D. (2006) Does the primary school attended influence self reported health or its risk factors in later life? International Journal of Epidemiology, 35, pp. 458-465.

Dundas, R. , Leyland, A.H. , Macintyre, S. and Leon, D.A. (2006) Does the primary school attended influence self-reported health or its risk factors in later life? Aberdeen Children of the 1950s Study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 35(2), pp. 458-465. (doi:10.1093/ije/dyi239)

Fairley, L. and Leyland, A. (2006) Social class inequalities in perinatal outcomes: Scotland 1980-2000. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(1), pp. 31-36.

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2006) The ÔÇÿGlasgow effectÔÇÖ? Smoking and socioeconomic status in Scotland.

Kajantie, M., Manderbacka, K., McCallum, A., Notkola, I.-L., Arffman, M., Forssas, E., Karvonen, S., Kortteinen, M., Leyland, A.H. and Keskimäki, I. (2006) How to carry out register-based health services research in Finland? Compiling complex study data in the REDD project. Technical Report. STAKES, Helsinki.

Levin, K. and Leyland, A. (2006) Urban-rural inequalities in ischemic heart disease in Scotland, 1981-1999. American Journal of Public Health, 96(1), pp. 145-151.

Levin, K. and Leyland, A. (2006) A comparison of health inequalities in urban and rural Scotland. Social Science and Medicine, 62, pp. 1457-1464.

Leyland, A. (2006) Homicides involving knives and other sharp objects in Scotland, 1981-2003. Journal of Public Health, 28(2), pp. 145-147.

Leyland, A. (2006) Homicides involving knives in Scotland, 1981-2003. Journal of Public Health, 28, pp. 145-147.

2005

Næss, Ø., Leyland, A.H. , Smith, G.D. and Claussen, B. (2005) Contextual effect on mortality of neighbourhood level education explained by earlier life deprivation. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59(12), pp. 1058-1059.

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2005) General and psychosocial health. In: Bromley, C., Sproston, K. and Shelton, N. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2003. Volume 3: Children's Health. The Scottish Executive Department of Health: Edinburgh.

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2005) General and psychosocial health. In: Bromley, C., Sproston, K. and Shelton, N. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2003. Stationery Office: Edinburgh, UK, pp. 129-168. ISBN 9780755948239

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2005) General health, psychosocial health and use of services. In: Bromley, C., Sproston, K. and Shelton, N. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2003. Volume 2: Adult Health. The Scottish Executive Department of Health: Edinburgh.

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2005) General health, psychosocial health and use of services. In: Bromley, C., Sproston, K. and Shelton, N. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2003. Stationery Office: Edinburgh, UK, pp. 191-254. ISBN 9780755948239

Levin, K.A. and Leyland, A.H. (2005) Urban/rural inequalities in suicide in Scotland, 1981-1999. Social Science and Medicine, 60(12), pp. 2877-2890. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.11.025)

Leyland, A.H. (2005) Assessing the impact of mobility on health: implications for life course epidemiology (Editorial). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59(2), pp. 90-91. (doi:10.1136/jech.2004.027466)

Leyland, A.H. (2005) Socioeconomic gradients in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Scotland: the roles of composition and context. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59(9), pp. 799-803. (doi:10.1136/jech.2005.034017)

Leyland, A.H. and Davies, C.A. (2005) Empirical Bayes methods for disease mapping. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 14(1), pp. 17-34. (doi:10.1191/0962280205sm387oa)

Leyland, A. (2005) Assessing the impact of mobility on health: implications for life course epidemiology. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59(2), pp. 90-91.

Leyland, A. (2005) Assessing the impact of mobility on health: implications for lifecourse epidemiology [Editorial]. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59, pp. 90-91.

Tunstill, J., Allnock, D., Akhurst, S., Garbers, C., Leyland, A. and NESS Research Team, (2005) Sure Start Local Programmes: Implications of case study data from the National Evaluation of Sure Start. Children and Society, 19, pp. 158-171.

2004

Davies, C.A. and Leyland, A.H. (2004) Spatial patterns of cancer mortality in Europe. In: Kirch, W. (ed.) Public Health in Europe: 10 Years EUPHA. Springer: Berlin, Germany, pp. 227-243. ISBN 9783540402404

Leyland, A.H. (2004) Increasing inequalities in premature mortality in Great Britain. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 58(4), pp. 296-302. (doi:10.1136/jech.2003.007278)

Melhuish, E., Belsky, J. and Leyland, A. (2004) The Impact of Sure Start Local Programmes on Child Development and Family Functioning: A Report on Preliminary Findings. Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck, University of London: London, UK.

West, P., Sweeting, H. and Leyland, A.H. (2004) School effects on pupils' health behaviours: evidence in support of the health promoting school. Research Papers in Education, 19(3), pp. 261-291. (doi:10.1080/0267152042000247972)

2003

Gravelle, H., Sutton, M., Morris, S., Windmeijer, F., Leyland, A. , Dibben, C. and Muirhead, M. (2003) A model of supply and demand influences on the use of health care: implications for deriving a 'needs-based' capitation formula. Health Economics, 12, pp. 985-1004.

Gravelle, H., Sutton, M., Morris, S., Windmeijer, F., Leyland, A.H. , Dibben, C. and Muirhead, M. (2003) Modelling supply and demand influences on the use of health care: implications for deriving a needs-based capitation formula. Health Economics, 12(12), pp. 985-1004. (doi:10.1002/hec.830)

Hetemaa, T., Keskimäki, I., Manderbacka, K., Leyland, A.H. and Koskinen, S. (2003) How did the recent increased supply of coronary operations in Finland affect socio-economic and gender equity in their use? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 57(3), pp. 178-185. (doi:10.1136/jech.57.3.178)

Leyland, A.H. and Groenewegan, P.P. (2003) Multilevel modelling and public health policy. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 31(4), pp. 267-274. (doi:10.1080/14034940210165028)

Leyland, A.H. and National Evaluation of Sure Start (NESS) Research Team, (2003) Profiles of Rounds 1 to 4 Sure Start Local Programme Areas and a Sample of Round 5, to-be-Sure Start Local Programme Areas. Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck College, University of London: London, UK.

2002

Westert, G., Lagoe, R., Keskimäki, I., Leyland, A.H. and Murphy, M. (2002) An international study of hospital readmissions and related utilization in Europe and the USA. Health Policy, 61(3), pp. 269-278. (doi:10.1016/S0168-8510(01)00236-6)

2001

Leyland, A.H. and Goldstein, H. (Eds.) (2001) Multilevel Modelling of Health Statistics. Series: Wiley series in probability and statistics. Wiley: Chichester, UK. ISBN 9780471998907

Goldstein, H. and Leyland, A.H. (2001) Further topics in multilevel modelling. In: Leyland, A.H. and Goldstein, H. (eds.) Multilevel Modelling of Health Statistics. Series: Wiley series in probability and statistics. Wiley: Chichester, UK, pp. 175-186. ISBN 9780471998907

Keskim+ñki, I., Karvonen, S., Sund, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2001) Monitasomallien k+ñytt+Â terveystutkimuksessa [Multilevel modelling in health research]. Sosiaalilaaketieteellinen Aikakauslehti: Journal of Social Medicine, 38, pp. 327-335.

Keskimäki, I., Karvonen, S., Sund, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2001) Monitasomallien käyttö terveystutkimuksessa [Multilevel modelling in health research]. Sosiaalilaaketieteellinen Aikakauslehti: Journal of Social Medicine, 38, pp. 327-335.

Lewsey, J.D. , Murray, G.D., Leyland, A.H. and Boddy, A. (2001) Using routine data to complement and enhance the results of randomised controlled trials. In: Stevens, A., Abrams, K., Brazier, J., Fitzpatrick, R. and Lilford, R. (eds.) The Advanced Handbook of Methods in Evidence Based Healthcare. Sage: London, UK, pp. 149-165. ISBN 9780761961444

Leyland, A.H. (2001) Spatial analysis. In: Leyland, A.H. and Goldstein, H. (eds.) Multilevel Modelling of Health Statistics. Series: Wiley series in probability and statistics. John Wiley: Chichester, UK, pp. 143-157. ISBN 9780471998907

McLeod, A. (2001) Multivariate multilevel models. In: Leyland, A.H. and Goldstein, H. (eds.) Multilevel Modelling of Health Statistics. Wiley: Chichester, UK, pp. 59-73. ISBN 9780471998907

Morrison, J., Carroll, L., Twaddle, S., Cameron, I., Grimshaw, J., Leyland, A. , Baillie, H. and Watt, G. (2001) Pragmatic randomised controlled trial to evaluate guidelines for the management of infertility across the primary care-secondary care interface. British Medical Journal, 322, pp. 1282-1284. (doi:10.1136/bmj.322.7297.1282)

Morrison, J.M., Caroll, L., Twaddle, S.E., Cameron, I.T., Grimshaw, J.M., Leyland, A.H. , Baillie, H.M. and Watt, G. (2001) A pragmatic randomised controlled trial to evaluate guidelines for the management of infertility across the primary-secondary interface. British Medical Journal, 322, pp. 1282-1284.

2000

Lewsey, J. , Leyland, A.H. , Murray, G.D. and Boddy, F.A. (2000) Using routine data to complement and enhance the results of randomised controlled trials. Health Technology Assessment, 4(22), (doi:10.3310/hta4220)

Leyland, A.H. , Langford, I.H., Rasbash, J. and Goldstein, H. (2000) Multivariate spatial models for event data. Statistics in Medicine, 19(17-18), pp. 2469-2478. (doi:10.1002/1097-0258(20000915/30)19:17/18<2469::AID-SIM582>3.0.CO;2-4)

Leyland, A.H. and McLeod, A. (2000) Mortality in England and Wales, 1979-1992, An Introduction to Multilevel Modelling Using MLwiN: Occasional Paper 1. Technical Report. MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK.

1999

Langford, I.H., Leyland, A.H. , Rasbash, J. and Goldstein, H. (1999) Multilevel modelling of the geographical distributions of rare diseases. Applied Statistics, 48(2), pp. 253-268. (doi:10.1111/1467-9876.00153)

Langford, I.H., Leyland, A.H. , Rasbash, J., Goldstein, H., Day, R.J. and McDonald, A.L. (1999) Multilevel modelling of area-based health data. In: Lawson, A., Biggeri, A., Bohning, D. and Lesaffre, E. (eds.) Disease Mapping and Risk Assessment for Public Health. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0471986348

Lewsey, J.D. , Murray, G.D., Leyland, A. and Boddy, F.A. (1999) Comparing outcomes of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with coronary artery bypass grafting: can routine health service data complement and enhance randomised controlled trials? European Heart Journal, 20(23), pp. 1731-1735. (doi:10.1053/euhj.1999.1690)

1998

Leyland, A.H. and Boddy, F.A. (1998) League tables and acute myocardial infarction. Lancet, 351(9102), pp. 555-558. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(97)09362-8)

1997

Leyland, A.H. and Boddy, F.A. (1997) Measuring performance in hospital care. Length of stay in gynaecology. European Journal of Public Health, 7(2), pp. 136-143. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/7.2.136)

1996

Rice, N. and Leyland, A. (1996) Multilevel models: application to health data. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 1(3), pp. 154-164.

1995

Leyland, A.H. (1995) Examining the relationship between length of stay and readmission rates for selected diagnoses in Scottish hospitals. Mathematical Medicine and Biology, 12(3-4), pp. 175-184. (doi:10.1093/imammb/12.3-4.175)

1993

Mutch, L., Leyland, A. and McGee, A. (1993) Patterns of neuropsychological function in a low birthweight population. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 35(11), pp. 943-956. (doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.1993.tb11576.x)

Barnard, M.A., McKeganey, N.P. and Leyland, A.H. (1993) HIV-related risk behaviours among a sample of male clients of female prostitutes. British Medical Journal, 307(6900), pp. 361-362.

Frischer, M., Leyland, A. , Cormack, R.M., Goldberg, D.J., Bloor, M., Green, S.T., Taylor, A., Covell, R., McKeganey, N. and Platt, S. (1993) Estimating the population prevalence of injection drug use and infection with human immunodeficiency virus among injection drug users in Glasgow, Scotland. American Journal of Epidemiology, 138(3), pp. 170-181.

Leyland, A. (1993) Socioeconomic and racial differences in obstetric procedures. American Journal of Public Health, 83(8), pp. 1178-1179.

Leyland, A. (1993) The effect of previous cesarean section on current cesarean rates. American Journal of Public Health, 83(1), pp. 115-117.

Leyland, A. , Barnard, M.A. and McKeganey, N.P. (1993) The use of capture-recapture methodology to estimate and describe covert populations: an application to female street-working prostitution in Glasgow. Bulletin of Sociological Methodology = Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique, 38(1), pp. 52-73. (doi:10.1177/075910639303800104)

Leyland, A.H. (1993) Health inequalities and births to single mothers. British Medical Journal, 306(6892), p. 1615. (doi:10.1136/bmj.306.6892.1615)

McGee, A.M., Mutch, L.M. and Leyland, A.H. (1993) Assessing children who cannot be 'tested'. Educational Psychology in Practice, 13(1), pp. 43-48. (doi:10.1080/0144341930130105)

1992

McKeganey, N., Barnard, M., Leyland, A. and Coote, I. (1992) Female streetworking prostitution and HIV infection in Glasgow. British Medical Journal, 305, pp. 801-804.

Frischer, M. and Leyland, A.H. (1992) Reliability of population and prevalence estimates. Lancet, 339(8799), p. 995. (doi:10.1016/0140-6736(92)91577-U)

Leyland, A.H. , Chappatte, O., Versi, E., Hamilton, W. and Yoong, W. (1992) Gestational age and obstetric performance. Lancet, 339(8785), pp. 122-123. (doi:10.1016/0140-6736(92)91028-7)

Leyland, A.H. and Pritchard, C.W. (1992) Fetal growth and ratio of placental weight to birth weight. British Medical Journal, 304, pp. 1052-1053.

1991

Leyland, A.H. , Pritchard, C.W., McLoone, P. and Boddy, F.A. (1991) Measures of performance in Scottish maternity hospitals. British Medical Journal, 303(6799), pp. 389-393. (doi:10.1136/bmj.303.6799.389) (PMID:1912806) (PMCID:PMC1670720)

Bloor, M., Leyland, A. , Barnard, M. and McKeganey, N. (1991) Estimating hidden populations: a new method of calculating the prevalence of drug-injecting and non-injecting female street prostitution. British Journal of Addiction, 86(11), pp. 1477-1483. (doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.1991.tb01733.x)

Leyland, A.H. and Pritchard, C.W. (1991) What do doctors know of statistics? Lancet, 337(8742), p. 679. (doi:10.1016/0140-6736(91)92502-S)

Macfarlane, A. and Leyland, A.H. (1991) Trends in caesarean section. Lancet, 337(8755), pp. 1481-1482. (doi:10.1016/0140-6736(91)93171-5)

1990

McKeganey, N.P., Barnard, M.A., Bloor, M.J. and Leyland, A.H. (1990) Injecting drug use and female streetworking prostitution in Glasgow. Lancet, 4(11), pp. 1153-1156.

Leyland, A.H. and Boddy, F.A. (1990) Maternal age and outcome of pregnancy. New England Journal of Medicine, 323, pp. 413-416.

Mutch, L. and Leyland, A. (1990) Growth and nutrition in children with cerebral palsy. Lancet, 336(8714), pp. 569-570. (doi:10.1016/0140-6736(90)92128-5)

This list was generated on Sun Sep 23 00:53:14 2018 BST.
Number of items: 227.

Articles

Popham, F. and Leyland, A. H. (2018) Assessing confounder balance in outcome regressions. Epidemiology, 29(5), e47-e48. (doi:10.1097/EDE.0000000000000871) (PMID:29889133) (PMCID:PMC6070130)

Semple, S., Mueller, W., Leyland, A. H. , Gray, L. and Cherrie, J. W. (2018) Assessing progress in protecting non-smokers from secondhand smoke. Tobacco Control, (doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054599) (PMID:30158211) (Early Online Publication)

Leyland, A. (2018) Area deprivation measures used in Brazil: a scoping review. Revista de Saúde Pública, (Accepted for Publication)

Ward Thompson, C. et al. (2018) Health impacts of the WIAT programme to improve local woodlands for deprived urban communities : a quasi-experimental study. Public Health Research, (Accepted for Publication)

Katikireddi, S. V. , Leyland, A. H. , McKee, M., Ralston, K. and Stuckler, D. (2017) Patterns of mortality by occupation in the UK, 1991–2011: a comparative analysis of linked census and mortality records. Lancet Public Health, 2(11), e501-e512. (doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(17)30193-7) (PMID:29130073) (PMCID:PMC5666203)

Leyland, A. H. , Ouédraogo, S., Nam, J., Bond, L., Briggs, A. H. , Gray, R., Wood, R. and Dundas, R. (2017) Evaluation of health in pregnancy grants in Scotland: a natural experiment using routine data. Public Health Research, 5(6), (doi:10.3310/phr05060) (PMID:29035487)

Falster, M. O., Jorm, L. R. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Using weighted hospital service area networks to explore variation in preventable hospitalization. Health Services Research, (doi:10.1111/1475-6773.12777) (PMID:28940236) (Early Online Publication)

Katikireddi, S. , Skivington, K. , Leyland, A. H. , Hunt, K. and Mercer, S. W. (2017) The contribution of risk factors to socioeconomic inequalities in multimorbidity across the lifecourse: a longitudinal analysis of the Twenty07 cohort. BMC Medicine, 15, 152. (doi:10.1186/s12916-017-0913-6) (PMID:28835246) (PMCID:PMC5569487)

Barlow, J. et al. (2017) Initial protocol for a national evaluation of an area-based intervention programme (A Better Start) on early-life outcomes: a longitudinal cohort study with comparison (control) cohort samples. BMJ Open, 7(8), e015086. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015086) (PMID:28851771) (PMCID:PMC5724149)

Green, M. J. , Leyland, A. H. , Sweeting, H. and Benzeval, M. (2017) Causal effects of transitions to adult roles on early adult smoking and drinking: evidence from three cohorts. Social Science and Medicine, 187, pp. 193-202. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.06.018) (PMID:28663104) (PMCID:PMC5529289)

Katikireddi, S. V. , Whitley, E., Lewsey, J. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Alcohol consumption, wealth and health - Authors' reply. Lancet Public Health, 2(8), e354. (doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(17)30142-1) (PMID:29253475)

Sauzet, O. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Contextual effects on health inequalities: a research agenda. European Journal of Public Health, 27(4), pp. 587-588. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckx038) (PMID:28961878)

Gorman, E., Leyland, A. H. , McCartney, G., Katikireddi, S. V. , Rutherford, L., Graham, L., Robinson, M. and Gray, L. (2017) Adjustment for survey non-representativeness using record-linkage: refined estimates of alcohol consumption by deprivation in Scotland. Addiction, 112(7), pp. 1270-1280. (doi:10.1111/add.13797) (PMID:28276110) (PMCID:PMC5467727)

Stewart, C. H., Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) The Scottish school leavers cohort: linkage of education data to routinely collected records for mortality, hospital discharge and offspring birth characteristics. BMJ Open, 7(7), e015027. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-015027) (PMID:28698325) (PMCID:PMC5734257)

Katikireddi, S. V. , Whitley, E., Lewsey, J. , Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Socioeconomic status as an effect modifier of alcohol consumption and harm: an analysis of linked cohort data. Lancet Public Health, 2(6), e267-e276. (doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(17)30078-6) (PMID:28626829) (PMCID:PMC5463030)

Craig, P. , Katikireddi, S. V. , Leyland, A. and Popham, F. (2017) Natural experiments: An overview of methods, approaches, and contributions to public health intervention research. Annual Review of Public Health, 38, pp. 39-56. (doi:10.1146/annurev-publhealth-031816-044327) (PMID:28125392)

Seaman, R., Leyland, A. H. and Popham, F. (2016) Increasing inequality in age of death at shared levels of life expectancy: A comparative study of Scotland and England and Wales. SSM - Population Health, 2, pp. 724-731. (doi:10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.10.001) (PMID:28018961) (PMCID:PMC5165049)

Craig, P. , Dundas, R. , Leyland, A. and Popham, F. (2016) How successful was the English teenage pregnancy strategy? Response to Wellings K, Palmer MJ, Gear RS et al. Changes in conceptions in women younger than 18 years and the circumstances of young mothers in England in 2000-12: an observational study. Lancet, 388(10060), p. 2604. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)32223-1) (PMID:27894659)

Falster, K., Banks, E., Lujic, S., Falster, M., Lynch, J., Zwi, K., Eades, S., Leyland, A. H. and Jorm, L. (2016) Inequalities in pediatric avoidable hospitalizations between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal children in Australia: a population data linkage study. BMC Pediatrics, 16, 169. (doi:10.1186/s12887-016-0706-7) (PMID:27769208) (PMCID:PMC5073450)

Falster, M. O., Jorm, L. R. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Visualising linked health data to explore health events around preventable hospitalisations in NSW Australia. BMJ Open, 6(9), e012031. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-012031) (PMID:27604087) (PMCID:PMC5020859)

Curnock, E., Leyland, A. H. and Popham, F. (2016) The impact on health of employment and welfare transitions for those receiving out-of-work disability benefits in the UK. Social Science and Medicine, 162, pp. 1-10. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.05.042) (PMID:27318626) (PMCID:PMC4962812)

Green, M. J. , Leyland, A. H. , Sweeting, H. and Benzeval, M. (2016) Adolescent smoking and tertiary education: opposing pathways linking socioeconomic background to alcohol consumption. Addiction, 111(8), pp. 1457-1465. (doi:10.1111/add.13365) (PMID:27162105) (PMCID:PMC4943526)

Pannullo, F. , Lee, D., Waclawski, E. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) How robust are the estimated effects of air pollution on health? Accounting for model uncertainty using Bayesian model averaging. Spatial and Spatio-Temporal Epidemiology, 18, pp. 53-62. (doi:10.1016/j.sste.2016.04.001) (PMID:27494960) (PMCID:PMC4985538)

Schofield, L., Walsh, D., Munoz-Arroyo, R., McCartney, G., Buchanan, D., Lawder, R., Armstrong, M., Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Dying younger in Scotland: trends in mortality and deprivation relative to England and Wales, 1981-2011. Health and Place, 40, pp. 106-115. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.05.007) (PMID:27235691)

Allik, M. , Brown, D. , Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Small-area deprivation measure datasets for Scotland, 2001 and 2011. Data In Brief, 7, pp. 1682-1686. (doi:10.1016/j.dib.2016.04.060) (PMID:27761509) (PMCID:PMC5063812)

Allik, M. , Brown, D. , Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Developing a new small-area measure of deprivation using 2001 and 2011 census data from Scotland. Health and Place, 39, pp. 122-130. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.03.006) (PMID:27082656) (PMCID:PMC4889779)

Geue, C., Wu, O. , Leyland, A. , Lewsey, J. and Quinn, T. J. (2016) Geographic variation of inpatient care costs at the end of life. Age and Ageing, 45(3), pp. 376-381. (doi:10.1093/ageing/afw040) (PMID:27025763) (PMCID:PMC4846794)

Seaman, R., Popham, F. and Leyland, A. (2016) How have trends in lifespan variation changed since 1950? A comparative study of 17 Western European countries. European Journal of Public Health, 26(2), pp. 360-362. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckv185) (PMID:26614636) (PMCID:PMC4804734)

Green, M. J. , Leyland, A. H. , Sweeting, H. and Benzeval, M. (2016) Socioeconomic position and early adolescent smoking development: evidence from the British Youth Panel Survey (1994-2008). Tobacco Control, 25(2), pp. 203-210. (doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2014-051630) (PMID:25380762) (PMCID:PMC4789819)

O'Flaherty, M. et al. (2016) Exploring potential mortality reductions in 9 European countries by improving diet and lifestyle: a modelling approach. International Journal of Cardiology, 207, pp. 286-291. (doi:10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.01.147) (PMID:26812643) (PMCID:PMC4766942)

Brown, J. et al. (2015) Protocol for a mixed-methods longitudinal study to identify factors influencing return to work in the over 50s participating in the UK work programme: supporting older people into employment (SOPIE). BMJ Open, 5(12), e010525. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-010525) (PMID:26674507) (PMCID:PMC4691729)

Seaman, R., Mitchell, R., Dundas, R. , Leyland, A.H. and Popham, F. (2015) How much of the difference in life expectancy between Scottish cities does deprivation explain? BMC Public Health, 15, 1057. (doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2358-1) (PMID:26474578) (PMCID:PMC4608116)

Pannullo, F. , Lee, D., Waclawski, E. and Leyland, A. H. (2015) Improving spatial nitrogen dioxide prediction using diffusion tubes: a case study in West Central Scotland. Atmospheric Environment, 118, pp. 227-235. (doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.08.009) (PMID:26435684) (PMCID:PMC4567077)

Falster, M. O., Jorm, L. R., Douglas, K. A., Blyth, F. M., Elliott, R. F. and Leyland, A. H. (2015) Sociodemographic and health characteristics, rather than primary care supply, are major drivers of geographic variation in preventable hospitalizations in Australia. Medical Care, 53(5), pp. 436-445. (doi:10.1097/MLR.0000000000000342) (PMID:25793270) (PMCID:PMC4396734)

Hughes, J. et al. (2015) Modelling future coronary heart disease mortality to 2030 in the British Isles. PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0138044. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138044) (PMID:26422012) (PMCID:PMC4589484)

Leyland, A. , Ricciardi, W., McKee, M. and Paget, D. Z. (2015) Health inequalities are unnecessary and unjust. Eurohealth, 21(1), p. 2.

Lumme, S., Sund, R., Leyland, A. H. and Keskimäki, I. (2015) A Monte Carlo method to estimate the confidence intervals for the concentration index using aggregated population register data. Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology, 15(2), pp. 82-98. (doi:10.1007/s10742-015-0137-1) (PMID:25983615) (PMCID:PMC4426159)

Randall, D. A., Reinten, T., Maher, L., Lujic, S., Stewart, J., Keay, L., Leyland, A. H. and Jorm, L. R. (2014) Disparities in cataract surgery between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in New South Wales, Australia. Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology, 42(7), pp. 629-636. (doi:10.1111/ceo.12274) (PMID:24299196) (PMCID:PMC4233999)

Dundas, R. , Leyland, A. and Macintyre, S. (2014) Dundas et al. respond to "Multilevel analysis of individual heterogeneity". American Journal of Epidemiology, 180(2), pp. 213-214. (doi:10.1093/aje/kwu109)

Kearns, A., Bailey, N. , Gannon, M., Livingston, M. and Leyland, A. (2014) 'All in it together'? Social cohesion in a dividing society: attitudes to income inequality and redistribution in a residential context. Journal of Social Policy, 43(3), pp. 453-477. (doi:10.1017/S0047279414000063)

Randall, D.A., Jorm, L.R., Lujic, S., Eades, S.J., Churches, T.R., O’Loughlin, A.J. and Leyland, A.H. (2014) Exploring disparities in acute myocardial infarction events between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians: roles of age, gender, geography and area-level disadvantage. Health and Place, 28, pp. 58-66. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2014.03.009)

Hotchkiss, J.W. et al. (2014) Explaining trends in Scottish coronary heart disease mortality between 2000 and 2010 using IMPACTSEC model: retrospective analysis using routine data. British Medical Journal, 348, g1088. (doi:10.1136/bmj.g1088)

Dundas, R. , Ouédraogo, S., Bond, L., Briggs, A.H. , Chalmers, J., Gray, R., Wood, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2014) Evaluation of Health in Pregnancy grants in Scotland: a protocol for a natural experiment. BMJ Open, 4(10), e006547. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006547)

Dundas, R. , Leyland, A. H. and Macintyre, S. (2014) Early-life school, neighbourhood and family influences on adult health: a multilevel cross-classified analysis of the Aberdeen children of the 1950s study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 180(2), pp. 197-207. (doi:10.1093/aje/kwu110)

Gorman, E., Leyland, A. H. , McCartney, G., White, I. R., Katikireddi, S. V. , Rutherford, L., Graham, L. and Gray, L. (2014) Assessing the representativeness of population-sampled health surveys through linkage to administrative data on alcohol-related outcomes. American Journal of Epidemiology, 180(9), pp. 941-948. (doi:10.1093/aje/kwu207)

Ralston, K., Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) A comparison of the Scottish index of multiple deprivation (SIMD) 2004 with the 2009 + 1 SIMD: does choice of measure affect the interpretation of inequality in mortality? International Journal of Health Geographics, 13, 27. (doi:10.1186/1476-072X-13-27) (PMID:25001866) (PMCID:PMC4105786)

Randall, D.A., Lujic, S., Leyland, A. and Jorm, L.R. (2013) Statistical methods to enhance reporting of Aboriginal Australians in routine hospital records using data linkage affect estimates of health disparities. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 37(5), pp. 442-449. (doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12114)

Hotchkiss, J.W. et al. (2013) OP53 explaining Scottish coronary heart disease mortality trends between 2000 and 2010: socioeconomic analyses using the impact sec model. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(Sup 1), A26-A26. (doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203126.53)

Green, M. , Leyland, A.H. , Sweeting, H. and Benzeval, M. (2013) Socioeconomic position and adolescent trajectories in smoking, drinking, and psychiatric distress. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53(2), 202-208.e2. (doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2013.02.023)

Randall, D.A., Jorm, L.R., Lujic, S., O'Loughlin, A.J., Eades, S.J. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) Disparities in revascularization rates after acute myocardial infarction between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in Australia. Circulation, 127(7), pp. 811-819. (doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.112.000566)

Bailey, N. , Gannon, M., Kearns, A., Livingston, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) Living apart, losing sympathy? How neighbourhood context affects attitudes to redistribution and to welfare recipients. Environment and Planning A, 45(9), pp. 2154-2175. (doi:10.1068/a45641)

Claussen, B., Næss, Ø., Reime, L.J. and Leyland, A. (2013) Proof firm downsizing and diagnosis-specific disability pensioning in Norway. BMC Public Health, 13(1), p. 27. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-27)

Dundas, R. , Ralston, K., Walsh, D. and Leyland, A. (2013) OP31 Is excess mortality in Glasgow an artefact of inadequate control for deprivation: a case-control study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(Sup 1), A16-A17. (doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203126.31)

Falster, M.O., Randall, D.A., Lujic, S., Ivers, R., Leyland, A.H. and Jorm, L.R. (2013) Disentangling the impacts of geography and Aboriginality on serious road transport injuries in New South Wales. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 54, pp. 32-38. (doi:10.1016/j.aap.2013.01.015)

Gray, L. , Leyland, A.H. , Benzeval, M. and Watt, G.C.M. (2013) Explaining the social patterning of lung function in adulthood at different ages: the roles of childhood precursors, health behaviours and environmental factors. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67, pp. 905-911. (doi:10.1136/jech-2012-201704)

Gray, L. , McCartney, G., White, I.R., Katikireddi, S.V. , Rutherford, L., Gorman, E. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) Use of record-linkage to handle non-response and improve alcohol consumption estimates in health survey data: a study protocol. BMJ Open, 3(3), e002647-e002647. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-002647)

Green, M. , Leyland, A. , Sweeting, H. and Benzeval, M. (2013) OP06 opposing processes contingent on early smoking: a cross-cohort comparison of socioeconomic inequalities in alcohol use across the youth-to-adult transition. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(Sup 1), A6-A6. (doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203126.6)

Hotchkiss, J.W., Davies, C.A. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) Adiposity has differing associations with incident coronary heart disease and mortality in the Scottish population: cross-sectional surveys with follow-up. International Journal of Obesity, 37(5), pp. 732-739. (doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.102)

Hughes, J. et al. (2013) OP56 modelling future coronary heart disease mortality to 2030 in the British Isles. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(Sup 1), A27-A28. (doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203126.56)

Jorm, L.R., Randall, D.A., Falster, M.O. and Leyland, A. (2013) OP08 using linked administrative data and multilevel modelling to identify targets for interventions to tackle health disparities. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(Sup 1), A7-A7. (doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203126.8)

Katikireddi, S. , Gorman, D.R. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) A comparison of trends in caesarean section rates in former communist (transition) countries and other European countries. European Journal of Public Health, 23(3), pp. 381-383. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/cks165)

Leyland, A. (2013) Youth unemployment at times of recession: what does the future hold? European Journal of Public Health, 23(4), p. 527. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckt094)

McCallum, A.K., Manderbacka, K., Arffman, M., Leyland, A.H. and Keskimäki, I. (2013) Socioeconomic differences in mortality amenable to health care among Finnish adults 1992-2003: 12 year follow up using individual level linked population register data. BMC Health Services Research, 13(3), (doi:10.1186/1472-6963-13-3)

McCartney, G., Leyland, A.H. , Fischbacher, C.M., Whyte, B., Walsh, D. and Stockton, D.L. (2013) Commentary: Long-term monitoring of health inequalities in Scotland-A response to Frank and Haw. Milbank Quarterly, 91(1), pp. 186-191. (doi:10.1111/milq.12006)

Mok, P.L.H., Leyland, A.H. , Kapur, N., Windfuhr, K., Appleby, L., Platt, S. and Webb, R.T. (2013) Why does Scotland have a higher suicide rate than England? An area-level investigation of health and social factors. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 67(1), pp. 63-70. (doi:10.1136/jech-2011-200855)

Silveirinha de Oliveira, E., Aspinall, P., Briggs, A. , Cummins, S., Leyland, A. , Mitchell, R., Roe, J. and Ward Thompson, C. (2013) How effective is the Forestry Commission Scotland's woodland improvement programme--'Woods In and Around Towns' (WIAT)--at improving psychological well-being in deprived urban communities? A quasi-experimental study. BMJ Open, 3(8), e003648. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003648)

Lumme, S., Sund, R., Leyland, A.H. and Keskimäki, I. (2012) Socioeconomic equity in amenable mortality in Finland 1992–2008. Social Science and Medicine, 75(5), pp. 905-913. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.04.007)

Mok, P. L.H., Kapur, N., Windfuhr, K., Appleby, L., Leyland, A. H. , Platt, S. and Webb, R. T. (2012) Authors' reply. British Journal of Psychiatry, 201(2), p. 160. (doi:10.1192/bjp.201.2.160)

Mok, P.L.H., Kapur, N., Windfuhr, K., Leyland, A.H. , Appleby, L., Platt, S. and Webb, R.T. (2012) Trends in national suicide rates for Scotland and for England & Wales, 1960-2008. British Journal of Psychiatry, 200(3), pp. 245-251. (doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.111.092908)

Brown, D. , O'Reilly, D., Gayle, V., Macintyre, S., Benzeval, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Socio-demographic and health characteristics of individuals left behind in deprived and declining areas in Scotland. Health and Place, 18(2), pp. 440-444. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.01.002)

Ellaway, A. , Benzeval, M., Green, M. , Leyland, A. and Macintyre, S. (2012) "Getting sicker quicker": does living in a more deprived neighbourhood mean your health deteriorates faster? Health and Place, 18(2), pp. 132-137. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.08.005)

Gray, L. et al. (2012) International differences in self-reported health measures in 33 major metropolitan areas in Europe. European Journal of Public Health, 22(1), pp. 40-47. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckq170)

Brown, D. , Benzeval, M., Gayle, V., Macintyre, S., O'Reilly, D. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Childhood residential mobility and health in late adolescence and adulthood: findings from the West of Scotland Twenty-07 Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 66(10), pp. 942-950. (doi:10.1136/jech-2011-200316)

Cooper, C., Frank, J., Leyland, A.H. , Hardy, R., Lawlor, D.A., Wareham, N.J., Dezateux, C. and Inskip, H. (2012) Using cohort studies in lifecourse epidemiology. Public Health, 126(3), pp. 190-192. (doi:10.1016/j.puhe.2011.12.002)

Hotchkiss, J.W., Davies, C.A., Gray, L. , Bromley, C., Capewell, S. and Leyland, A. (2012) Trends in cardiovascular disease biomarkers and their socioeconomic patterning among adults in the Scottish population 1995 to 2009: cross-sectional surveys. BMJ Open, 2(3), e000771-e000771. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000771)

Jorm, L.R., Leyland, A.H. , Blyth, F.M., Elliott, R.F., Douglas, K.M.A. and Redman, S. (2012) Assessing preventable hospitalisation indicators (APHID): protocol for a data-linkage study using cohort study and administrative data. BMJ Open, 2(6), e002344. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2012-002344)

Leyland, A.H. (2012) Alcohol, financial crisis and reform: learning from the Russian experience. European Journal of Public Health, 22(3), p. 300. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/cks051)

Molaodi, O.R., Leyland, A.H. , Ellaway, A. , Kearns, A. and Harding, S. (2012) Neighbourhood food and physical activity environments in England, UK: does ethnic density matter? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9(75), (doi:10.1186/1479-5868-9-75)

Randall, D.A., Jorm, L.R., Lujic, S., O’Loughlin, A.J., Churches, T.R., Haines, M.M., Eades, S.J. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Mortality after admission for acute myocardial infarction in Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in New South Wales, Australia: a multilevel data linkage study. BMC Public Health, 12(281), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-281)

Popham, F. , Boyle, P. J., O'Reilly, D. and Leyland, A. H. (2011) Selective internal migration. Does it explain Glasgow's worsening mortality record? Health and Place, 17(6), pp. 1212-1217. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2011.08.004) (PMID:21885323)

Hotchkiss, J.W. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) The relationship between body size and mortality in the linked Scottish health surveys: cross-sectional surveys with follow-up. International Journal of Obesity, 35(6), pp. 838-851. (doi:10.1038/ijo.2010.207)

Benzeval, M., Green, M.J. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) Do social inequalities in health widen or converge with age? Longitudinal evidence from three cohorts in the West of Scotland. BMC Public Health, 11(947), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-947)

Fairley, L., Dundas, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) The influence of both individual and area based socioeconomic status on temporal trends in Caesarean sections in Scotland 1980-2000. BMC Public Health, 11, p. 330. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-330)

Hotchkiss, J.W., Davies, C., Gray, L. , Bromley, C., Capewell, S. and Leyland, A. (2011) Trends in adult cardiovascular disease risk factors and their socio-economic patterning in the Scottish population 1995-2008: cross-sectional surveys. BMJ Open, 1(1), e000176-e000176. (doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000176)

McCartney, G., Mahmood, L., Leyland, A.H. , Batty, G.D. and Hunt, K. (2011) Contribution of smoking-related and alcohol-related deaths to the gender gap in mortality: evidence from 30 European countries. Tobacco Control, 20(2), pp. 166-168. (doi:10.1136/tc.2010.037929)

Brown, D. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Scottish mortality rates 2000–2002 by deprivation and small area population mobility. Social Science and Medicine, 71(11), pp. 1951-1957. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2010.09.015)

Naess, O. and Leyland, A. (2010) Analysing the effect of area of residence over the life course in multilevel epidemiology. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 38(5 Sup), pp. 119-126. (doi:10.1177/1403494810384646)

Leyland, A. (2010) Methodological challenges in the evaluation of community interventions. European Journal of Public Health, 20(3), pp. 242-243. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckq058)

Fransson, C., Tomasi, C., Pikner, S.S., Gröndahl, K., Wennström, J.L., Leyland, A.H. and Berglundh, T. (2010) Severity and pattern of peri-implantitis-associated bone loss. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 37(5), pp. 442-448. (doi:10.1111/j.1600-051X.2010.01537.x)

Leyland, A.H. and Dundas, R. (2010) The social patterning of deaths due to assault in Scotland, 1980-2005: population-based study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64(5), pp. 432-439. (doi:10.1136/jech.2009.095018)

Gray, L. , Batty, G.D., Craig, P. , Stewart, C., Whyte, B., Findlayson, A. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Cohort profile: the Scottish health surveys cohort: linkage of study participants to routinely collected records for mortality, hospital discharge, cancer and offspring birth characteristics in three nationwide studies. International Journal of Epidemiology, 39(2), pp. 345-350. (doi:10.1093/ije/dyp155)

Tarkiainen, L., Martikainen, P., Laaksonen, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Comparing the effects of neighbourhood characteristics on all-cause mortality using two hierarchical areal units in the capital region of Helsinki. Health and Place, 16(2), pp. 409-412. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2009.10.008)

Brown, D. , O'Reilly, D., Boyle, P.J., Macintyre, S., Benzeval, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) 041 Childhood residential stability and health status in early adulthood and midlife. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64(Suppl), A16-A17. (doi:10.1136/jech.2010.120956.41)

Davies, C. A. and Leyland, A. H. (2010) Trends and inequalities in short-term acute myocardial infarction case fatality in Scotland, 1988-2004. Population Health Metrics, 8(33), (doi:10.1186/1478-7954-8-33)

Dundas, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) The social patterning of deaths due to assault in Scotland, 1980-2005: a population based study. AQMeN Applied Quantitative Methods Newsletter(3),

Jackson, A.L., Davies, C.A. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Do differences in the administrative structure of populations confound comparisons of geographic health inequalities? BMC Medical Research Methodology, 10(74), (doi:10.1186/1471-2288-10-74)

Leyland, A.H. (2010) No quick fix: understanding the difference between fixed and random effect models [Commentary]. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 64(12), pp. 1027-1028. (doi:10.1136/jech.2009.102236)

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2009) A multilevel analysis of diet and socio-economic status in Scotland: investigating the ‘Glasgow effect’. Public Health Nutrition, 12(9), pp. 1351-1358. (doi:10.1017/S1368980008004047)

Bond, L., Leyland, A.H. , Macintyre, S. and Wight, D. (2009) Evaluation of a youth development programme demonstrates the need for the randomised roll-out of community interventions [rapid response] ID - 870. British Medical Journal,

Leyland, A.H. and Naess, Ø. (2009) The effect of area of residence over the life course on subsequent mortality. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series A (Statistics in Society), 172(3), pp. 555-578. (doi:10.1111/j.1467-985X.2008.00581.x)

Brown, D. and Leyland, A.H. (2009) Population mobility, deprivation and self-reported limiting long-term illness in small areas across Scotland. Health and Place, 15(1), pp. 37-44. (doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.01.009)

Manderbacka, K., Arffman, M., Leyland, A. , Mccallum, A. and Keskimaki, I. (2009) Change and persistence in healthcare inequities: access to elective surgery in Finland in 1992--2003. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 37(2), pp. 131-138. (doi:10.1177/1403494808098505)

Belsky, J., Leyland, A.H. , Barnes, J. and Melhuish, E. (2009) Sure start in England. Lancet, 373(9661), p. 381. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)60132-X)

Davies, C.A., Dundas, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2009) Increasing socioeconomic inequalities in first acute myocardial infarction in Scotland, 1990–92 and 2000–02. BMC Public Health, 9, p. 134. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-134)

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2009) Is the "Glasgow effect" of cigarette smoking explained by socio-economic status?: A multilevel analysis. BMC Public Health, 9(245), (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-9-245)

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2008) Overweight status and psychological well-being in adolescent boys and girls: a multilevel analysis. European Journal of Public Health, 18(6), pp. 616-621. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/ckn044)

Melhuish, E., Belsky, J., Leyland, A.H. and Barnes, J. (2008) Effects of fully-established Sure Start Local Programmes on 3-year-old children and their families living in England: a quasi-experimental observational study. Lancet, 372(9650), pp. 1641-1647. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(08)61687-6)

Lumme, S., Leyland, A. and Keskimäki, I. (2008) Multilevel modeling of regional variation in equity in health care. Medical Care, 46(9), pp. 976-983. (doi:10.1097/MLR.0b013e3181791970)

Bloor, M., Gannon, M., Hay, G., Jackson, G., Leyland, A. and McKeganey, N. (2008) Contribution of problem drug users' deaths to excess mortality in Scotland: secondary analysis of cohort study. British Medical Journal, 337, a478. (doi:10.1136/bmj.a478)

Naess, O., Claussen, B., Davey Smith, G. and Leyland, A.H. (2008) Life course influence of residential area on cause-specific mortality. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 62, pp. 29-34. (doi:10.1136/jech.2006.048090)

Leyland, A.H. , Dundas, R. , McLoone, P. and Boddy, F.A. (2007) Cause-specific inequalities in mortality in Scotland: two decades of change - a population-based study. BMC Public Health, 7, p. 172. (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-7-172)

Manda, S. and Leyland, A. (2007) An empirical comparison of maximum likelihood and Bayesian estimation methods for multivariate disease mapping. South African Statistical Journal, 41, pp. 1-21.

Melhuish, E., Belsky, J., Anning, A., Ball, M., Barnes, J., Romaniuk, H., Leyland, A. and NESS Research Team, (2007) Variation in community intervention programmes and consequences for children and families: the example of Sure Start Local Programmes. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 48(6), pp. 543-551.

N+ªss +, , Piro, F., Nafstad, P., Davey Smith, G. and Leyland, A. (2007) Air pollution, social deprivation and mortality. A multilevel cohort study. Epidemiology, 18, pp. 686-694.

Tomasi, C., Leyland, A. and Wennstrom, J. (2007) Factors influencing the outcome of non-surgical periodontal treatment: a multilevel approach. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 34(8), pp. 682-690.

Belsky, J., Melhuish, E., Barnes, J., Leyland, A.H. and Romaniuk, H. (2006) Effects of Sure Start local programmes on children and families: early findings from a quasi-experimental, cross sectional study. British Medical Journal, 332(7556), pp. 1476-1479. (doi:10.1136/bmj.38853.451748.2F)

Chaix, B., Leyland, A.H. , Sabel, C.E., Chauvin, P., Råstam, L., Kristersson, H. and Merlo, J. (2006) Spatial clustering of mental disorders and associated characteristics of the neighbourhood context in Malmö, Sweden, in 2001. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(4), pp. 427-435. (doi:10.1136/jech.2005.040360)

Fairley, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2006) Social class inequalities in perinatal outcomes: Scotland 1980–2000. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(1), pp. 31-36. (doi:10.1136/jech.2005.038380)

Belsky, J., Melhuish, E., Barnes, J., Leyland, A. , Romaniuk, H. and The National Evaluation of Sure Start, (2006) Effects of Sure Start Local Programmes on children and families: early findings from a quasi-experimental cross-sectional study. British Medical Journal, 332, pp. 1476-1478.

Chaix, B., Leyland, A. , Sabel, C., Chauvin, P., R+Ñstam, L., Kristersson, H. and Merlo, J. (2006) Spatial clustering of mental disorders and associated characteristics of the neighbourhood context in Malm+Â, Sweden, in 2001. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60, pp. 427-435.

Chaix, B., Leyland, A. , Sabel, C., Chauvin, P., Rastam, L., Kristersson, H. and Merlo, J. (2006) Spatial clustering of mental disorders and associated characteristics of the neighbourhood context in Malmo, Sweden, in 2001. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(4), pp. 427-435.

Dundas, R., Leyland, A. , Macintyre, S. and Leon, D. (2006) Does the primary school attended influence self reported health or its risk factors in later life? International Journal of Epidemiology, 35, pp. 458-465.

Dundas, R. , Leyland, A.H. , Macintyre, S. and Leon, D.A. (2006) Does the primary school attended influence self-reported health or its risk factors in later life? Aberdeen Children of the 1950s Study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 35(2), pp. 458-465. (doi:10.1093/ije/dyi239)

Fairley, L. and Leyland, A. (2006) Social class inequalities in perinatal outcomes: Scotland 1980-2000. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 60(1), pp. 31-36.

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2006) The ÔÇÿGlasgow effectÔÇÖ? Smoking and socioeconomic status in Scotland.

Levin, K. and Leyland, A. (2006) Urban-rural inequalities in ischemic heart disease in Scotland, 1981-1999. American Journal of Public Health, 96(1), pp. 145-151.

Levin, K. and Leyland, A. (2006) A comparison of health inequalities in urban and rural Scotland. Social Science and Medicine, 62, pp. 1457-1464.

Leyland, A. (2006) Homicides involving knives and other sharp objects in Scotland, 1981-2003. Journal of Public Health, 28(2), pp. 145-147.

Leyland, A. (2006) Homicides involving knives in Scotland, 1981-2003. Journal of Public Health, 28, pp. 145-147.

Næss, Ø., Leyland, A.H. , Smith, G.D. and Claussen, B. (2005) Contextual effect on mortality of neighbourhood level education explained by earlier life deprivation. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59(12), pp. 1058-1059.

Levin, K.A. and Leyland, A.H. (2005) Urban/rural inequalities in suicide in Scotland, 1981-1999. Social Science and Medicine, 60(12), pp. 2877-2890. (doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2004.11.025)

Leyland, A.H. (2005) Assessing the impact of mobility on health: implications for life course epidemiology (Editorial). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59(2), pp. 90-91. (doi:10.1136/jech.2004.027466)

Leyland, A.H. (2005) Socioeconomic gradients in the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in Scotland: the roles of composition and context. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59(9), pp. 799-803. (doi:10.1136/jech.2005.034017)

Leyland, A.H. and Davies, C.A. (2005) Empirical Bayes methods for disease mapping. Statistical Methods in Medical Research, 14(1), pp. 17-34. (doi:10.1191/0962280205sm387oa)

Leyland, A. (2005) Assessing the impact of mobility on health: implications for life course epidemiology. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59(2), pp. 90-91.

Leyland, A. (2005) Assessing the impact of mobility on health: implications for lifecourse epidemiology [Editorial]. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 59, pp. 90-91.

Tunstill, J., Allnock, D., Akhurst, S., Garbers, C., Leyland, A. and NESS Research Team, (2005) Sure Start Local Programmes: Implications of case study data from the National Evaluation of Sure Start. Children and Society, 19, pp. 158-171.

Leyland, A.H. (2004) Increasing inequalities in premature mortality in Great Britain. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 58(4), pp. 296-302. (doi:10.1136/jech.2003.007278)

West, P., Sweeting, H. and Leyland, A.H. (2004) School effects on pupils' health behaviours: evidence in support of the health promoting school. Research Papers in Education, 19(3), pp. 261-291. (doi:10.1080/0267152042000247972)

Gravelle, H., Sutton, M., Morris, S., Windmeijer, F., Leyland, A. , Dibben, C. and Muirhead, M. (2003) A model of supply and demand influences on the use of health care: implications for deriving a 'needs-based' capitation formula. Health Economics, 12, pp. 985-1004.

Gravelle, H., Sutton, M., Morris, S., Windmeijer, F., Leyland, A.H. , Dibben, C. and Muirhead, M. (2003) Modelling supply and demand influences on the use of health care: implications for deriving a needs-based capitation formula. Health Economics, 12(12), pp. 985-1004. (doi:10.1002/hec.830)

Hetemaa, T., Keskimäki, I., Manderbacka, K., Leyland, A.H. and Koskinen, S. (2003) How did the recent increased supply of coronary operations in Finland affect socio-economic and gender equity in their use? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 57(3), pp. 178-185. (doi:10.1136/jech.57.3.178)

Leyland, A.H. and Groenewegan, P.P. (2003) Multilevel modelling and public health policy. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 31(4), pp. 267-274. (doi:10.1080&sol;14034940210165028)

Westert, G., Lagoe, R., Keskimäki, I., Leyland, A.H. and Murphy, M. (2002) An international study of hospital readmissions and related utilization in Europe and the USA. Health Policy, 61(3), pp. 269-278. (doi:10.1016/S0168-8510(01)00236-6)

Keskim+ñki, I., Karvonen, S., Sund, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2001) Monitasomallien k+ñytt+Â terveystutkimuksessa [Multilevel modelling in health research]. Sosiaalilaaketieteellinen Aikakauslehti: Journal of Social Medicine, 38, pp. 327-335.

Keskimäki, I., Karvonen, S., Sund, R. and Leyland, A.H. (2001) Monitasomallien käyttö terveystutkimuksessa [Multilevel modelling in health research]. Sosiaalilaaketieteellinen Aikakauslehti: Journal of Social Medicine, 38, pp. 327-335.

Morrison, J., Carroll, L., Twaddle, S., Cameron, I., Grimshaw, J., Leyland, A. , Baillie, H. and Watt, G. (2001) Pragmatic randomised controlled trial to evaluate guidelines for the management of infertility across the primary care-secondary care interface. British Medical Journal, 322, pp. 1282-1284. (doi:10.1136/bmj.322.7297.1282)

Morrison, J.M., Caroll, L., Twaddle, S.E., Cameron, I.T., Grimshaw, J.M., Leyland, A.H. , Baillie, H.M. and Watt, G. (2001) A pragmatic randomised controlled trial to evaluate guidelines for the management of infertility across the primary-secondary interface. British Medical Journal, 322, pp. 1282-1284.

Lewsey, J. , Leyland, A.H. , Murray, G.D. and Boddy, F.A. (2000) Using routine data to complement and enhance the results of randomised controlled trials. Health Technology Assessment, 4(22), (doi:10.3310/hta4220)

Leyland, A.H. , Langford, I.H., Rasbash, J. and Goldstein, H. (2000) Multivariate spatial models for event data. Statistics in Medicine, 19(17-18), pp. 2469-2478. (doi:10.1002/1097-0258(20000915/30)19:17/18<2469::AID-SIM582>3.0.CO;2-4)

Langford, I.H., Leyland, A.H. , Rasbash, J. and Goldstein, H. (1999) Multilevel modelling of the geographical distributions of rare diseases. Applied Statistics, 48(2), pp. 253-268. (doi:10.1111/1467-9876.00153)

Lewsey, J.D. , Murray, G.D., Leyland, A. and Boddy, F.A. (1999) Comparing outcomes of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty with coronary artery bypass grafting: can routine health service data complement and enhance randomised controlled trials? European Heart Journal, 20(23), pp. 1731-1735. (doi:10.1053/euhj.1999.1690)

Leyland, A.H. and Boddy, F.A. (1998) League tables and acute myocardial infarction. Lancet, 351(9102), pp. 555-558. (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(97)09362-8)

Leyland, A.H. and Boddy, F.A. (1997) Measuring performance in hospital care. Length of stay in gynaecology. European Journal of Public Health, 7(2), pp. 136-143. (doi:10.1093/eurpub/7.2.136)

Rice, N. and Leyland, A. (1996) Multilevel models: application to health data. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 1(3), pp. 154-164.

Leyland, A.H. (1995) Examining the relationship between length of stay and readmission rates for selected diagnoses in Scottish hospitals. Mathematical Medicine and Biology, 12(3-4), pp. 175-184. (doi:10.1093/imammb/12.3-4.175)

Mutch, L., Leyland, A. and McGee, A. (1993) Patterns of neuropsychological function in a low birthweight population. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 35(11), pp. 943-956. (doi:10.1111/j.1469-8749.1993.tb11576.x)

Barnard, M.A., McKeganey, N.P. and Leyland, A.H. (1993) HIV-related risk behaviours among a sample of male clients of female prostitutes. British Medical Journal, 307(6900), pp. 361-362.

Frischer, M., Leyland, A. , Cormack, R.M., Goldberg, D.J., Bloor, M., Green, S.T., Taylor, A., Covell, R., McKeganey, N. and Platt, S. (1993) Estimating the population prevalence of injection drug use and infection with human immunodeficiency virus among injection drug users in Glasgow, Scotland. American Journal of Epidemiology, 138(3), pp. 170-181.

Leyland, A. (1993) Socioeconomic and racial differences in obstetric procedures. American Journal of Public Health, 83(8), pp. 1178-1179.

Leyland, A. (1993) The effect of previous cesarean section on current cesarean rates. American Journal of Public Health, 83(1), pp. 115-117.

Leyland, A. , Barnard, M.A. and McKeganey, N.P. (1993) The use of capture-recapture methodology to estimate and describe covert populations: an application to female street-working prostitution in Glasgow. Bulletin of Sociological Methodology = Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique, 38(1), pp. 52-73. (doi:10.1177/075910639303800104)

Leyland, A.H. (1993) Health inequalities and births to single mothers. British Medical Journal, 306(6892), p. 1615. (doi:10.1136/bmj.306.6892.1615)

McGee, A.M., Mutch, L.M. and Leyland, A.H. (1993) Assessing children who cannot be 'tested'. Educational Psychology in Practice, 13(1), pp. 43-48. (doi:10.1080/0144341930130105)

McKeganey, N., Barnard, M., Leyland, A. and Coote, I. (1992) Female streetworking prostitution and HIV infection in Glasgow. British Medical Journal, 305, pp. 801-804.

Frischer, M. and Leyland, A.H. (1992) Reliability of population and prevalence estimates. Lancet, 339(8799), p. 995. (doi:10.1016/0140-6736(92)91577-U)

Leyland, A.H. , Chappatte, O., Versi, E., Hamilton, W. and Yoong, W. (1992) Gestational age and obstetric performance. Lancet, 339(8785), pp. 122-123. (doi:10.1016/0140-6736(92)91028-7)

Leyland, A.H. and Pritchard, C.W. (1992) Fetal growth and ratio of placental weight to birth weight. British Medical Journal, 304, pp. 1052-1053.

Leyland, A.H. , Pritchard, C.W., McLoone, P. and Boddy, F.A. (1991) Measures of performance in Scottish maternity hospitals. British Medical Journal, 303(6799), pp. 389-393. (doi:10.1136/bmj.303.6799.389) (PMID:1912806) (PMCID:PMC1670720)

Bloor, M., Leyland, A. , Barnard, M. and McKeganey, N. (1991) Estimating hidden populations: a new method of calculating the prevalence of drug-injecting and non-injecting female street prostitution. British Journal of Addiction, 86(11), pp. 1477-1483. (doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.1991.tb01733.x)

Leyland, A.H. and Pritchard, C.W. (1991) What do doctors know of statistics? Lancet, 337(8742), p. 679. (doi:10.1016/0140-6736(91)92502-S)

Macfarlane, A. and Leyland, A.H. (1991) Trends in caesarean section. Lancet, 337(8755), pp. 1481-1482. (doi:10.1016/0140-6736(91)93171-5)

McKeganey, N.P., Barnard, M.A., Bloor, M.J. and Leyland, A.H. (1990) Injecting drug use and female streetworking prostitution in Glasgow. Lancet, 4(11), pp. 1153-1156.

Leyland, A.H. and Boddy, F.A. (1990) Maternal age and outcome of pregnancy. New England Journal of Medicine, 323, pp. 413-416.

Mutch, L. and Leyland, A. (1990) Growth and nutrition in children with cerebral palsy. Lancet, 336(8714), pp. 569-570. (doi:10.1016/0140-6736(90)92128-5)

Books

Leyland, A.H. , Dundas, R. , McLoone, P. and Boddy, F.A. (2007) Inequalities in Mortality in Scotland, 1981-2001. Series: Occasional paper (Medical Research Council (Great Britain). Social and Public Health Sciences Unit) (16). MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit: Glasgow, UK. ISBN 9781901519068

Melhuish, E., Belsky, J. and Leyland, A. (2004) The Impact of Sure Start Local Programmes on Child Development and Family Functioning: A Report on Preliminary Findings. Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck, University of London: London, UK.

Leyland, A.H. and National Evaluation of Sure Start (NESS) Research Team, (2003) Profiles of Rounds 1 to 4 Sure Start Local Programme Areas and a Sample of Round 5, to-be-Sure Start Local Programme Areas. Institute for the Study of Children, Families and Social Issues, Birkbeck College, University of London: London, UK.

Book Sections

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Alcohol. In: McLean, J., Christie, S. and Gray, L. (eds.) Scottish Health Survey 2016: Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 14-42. ISBN 9781788512763

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2017) Smoking. In: McLean, J., Christie, S. and Gray, L. (eds.) Scottish Health Survey 2016: Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 43-73. ISBN 9781788512763

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Alcohol consumption. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Rutherford, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2015. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 83-113. ISBN 9781786524614

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) General health and multiple conditions. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Rutherford, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2015. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 49-67. ISBN 9781786524614

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2016) Smoking. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Rutherford, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2015. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 115-141. ISBN 9781786524614

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2015) Alcohol consumption. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2014 volume 1: main report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate. ISBN 9781785446870

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2015) Smoking. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2014 volume 1: main report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate. ISBN 9781785446870

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Alcohol consumption. In: Rutherford, L., Hinchliffe, S. and Sharp, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2013: Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 58-89. ISBN 9781784129422

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) General health, mental wellbeing and caring. In: Rutherford, L., Hinchliffe, S. and Sharp, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2013: Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 12-38. ISBN 9781784129422

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Smoking. In: Rutherford, L., Hinchliffe, S. and Sharp, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2013: Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 90-120. ISBN 9781784129422

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Alcohol. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2014: Volume 1: Main Report. Series: National statistics publication for Scotland. Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 38-67. ISBN 9781785446870

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Inequalities in health risks. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2014: Volume 1: Main Report. Series: National statistics publication for Scotland. Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 248-99. ISBN 9781785446870

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Smoking. In: Campbell-Jack, D., Hinchliffe, S. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2014: Volume 1: Main Report. Series: National statistics publication for Scotland. Scottish Government: Edinburgh, pp. 69-99. ISBN 9781785446870

Leyland, A. and Groenewegen, P.P. (2014) Hierarchical linear modeling. In: Michalos, A. C. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer: Dordrecht, pp. 2861-2863. ISBN 9789400707528 (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_1286)

Leyland, A. and Groenewegen, P.P. (2014) Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). In: Michalos, A. C. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer: Dordrecht, pp. 3367-3368. ISBN 9789400707528 (doi:10.1007/978-94-007-0753-5_1528)

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. (2013) Long-term conditions. In: Scottish Health Survey 2012 - Volume 1 Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate. ISBN 9781782569244

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2013) Smoking. In: The Scottish Health Survey 2012. The Scottish Government Health Directorate. ISBN 9781782569244

Gray, L. and Leyland, A. H. (2013) Obesity. In: The Scottish Health Survey 2012. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9781782569244

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Diet. In: Rutherford, L., Sharp, C. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2011. Volume 2, Children. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 62-85. ISBN 9781780458427

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Obesity. In: Rutherford, L., Sharp, C. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2011. Volume 1, Adults. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 185-205. ISBN 9781780458410

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Obesity. In: Rutherford, L., Sharp, C. and Bromley, C. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2011. Volume 2, Children. The Scottish Government Health Directorate, pp. 101-115. ISBN 9781780458427

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) Adult and child obesity. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2010. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh, UK. ISBN 9781780453415

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) Fruit and vegetable consumption. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2010. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh, UK. ISBN 9781780453415

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2011) Respiratory health and lung function. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2010. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh, UK. ISBN 9781780453415

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Adult obesity. In: Bromley, C., Given, L. and Ormston, R. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2009. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9780755996186

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Diet. In: Bromley, C., Given, L. and Ormston, R. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2009. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9780755996186

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2009) Fruit and vegetable consumption. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2008. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9780755981076

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2009) Obesity. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2008. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9780755981076

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2009) Smoking. In: Bromley, C., Bradshaw, P. and Given, L. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2008. Volume 1: Main Report. The Scottish Government Health Directorate: Edinburgh. ISBN 9780755981076

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2005) General and psychosocial health. In: Bromley, C., Sproston, K. and Shelton, N. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2003. Volume 3: Children's Health. The Scottish Executive Department of Health: Edinburgh.

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2005) General and psychosocial health. In: Bromley, C., Sproston, K. and Shelton, N. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2003. Stationery Office: Edinburgh, UK, pp. 129-168. ISBN 9780755948239

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2005) General health, psychosocial health and use of services. In: Bromley, C., Sproston, K. and Shelton, N. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2003. Volume 2: Adult Health. The Scottish Executive Department of Health: Edinburgh.

Gray, L. and Leyland, A.H. (2005) General health, psychosocial health and use of services. In: Bromley, C., Sproston, K. and Shelton, N. (eds.) The Scottish Health Survey 2003. Stationery Office: Edinburgh, UK, pp. 191-254. ISBN 9780755948239

Davies, C.A. and Leyland, A.H. (2004) Spatial patterns of cancer mortality in Europe. In: Kirch, W. (ed.) Public Health in Europe: 10 Years EUPHA. Springer: Berlin, Germany, pp. 227-243. ISBN 9783540402404

Goldstein, H. and Leyland, A.H. (2001) Further topics in multilevel modelling. In: Leyland, A.H. and Goldstein, H. (eds.) Multilevel Modelling of Health Statistics. Series: Wiley series in probability and statistics. Wiley: Chichester, UK, pp. 175-186. ISBN 9780471998907

Lewsey, J.D. , Murray, G.D., Leyland, A.H. and Boddy, A. (2001) Using routine data to complement and enhance the results of randomised controlled trials. In: Stevens, A., Abrams, K., Brazier, J., Fitzpatrick, R. and Lilford, R. (eds.) The Advanced Handbook of Methods in Evidence Based Healthcare. Sage: London, UK, pp. 149-165. ISBN 9780761961444

Leyland, A.H. (2001) Spatial analysis. In: Leyland, A.H. and Goldstein, H. (eds.) Multilevel Modelling of Health Statistics. Series: Wiley series in probability and statistics. John Wiley: Chichester, UK, pp. 143-157. ISBN 9780471998907

McLeod, A. (2001) Multivariate multilevel models. In: Leyland, A.H. and Goldstein, H. (eds.) Multilevel Modelling of Health Statistics. Wiley: Chichester, UK, pp. 59-73. ISBN 9780471998907

Langford, I.H., Leyland, A.H. , Rasbash, J., Goldstein, H., Day, R.J. and McDonald, A.L. (1999) Multilevel modelling of area-based health data. In: Lawson, A., Biggeri, A., Bohning, D. and Lesaffre, E. (eds.) Disease Mapping and Risk Assessment for Public Health. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0471986348

Edited Books

Leyland, A.H. and Goldstein, H. (Eds.) (2001) Multilevel Modelling of Health Statistics. Series: Wiley series in probability and statistics. Wiley: Chichester, UK. ISBN 9780471998907

Research Reports or Papers

Brown, D. , Allik, M. , Dundas, R. and Leyland, A. H. (2014) Carstairs Scores for Scottish Postcode Sectors, Datazones and Output Areas from the 2011 Census. Technical Report. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow.

Bailey, N. , Gannon, M., Kearns, A., Livingston, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2013) The Impact of Neighbourhood Context on Welfare Attitudes: Summary of Findings. Project Report. University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Melhuish, E., Belsky, J. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) The Impact of Sure Start Local Programmes on Seven Year Olds and Their Families. Other. Department of Education, London, UK.

Popham, F. , Boyle, P., O'Reilly, D. and Leyland, A.H. (2010) Exploring the Impact of Selective Migration on the Deprivation-Mortality Gap within Greater Glasgow. Technical Report. Glasgow Centre for Population Health, Glasgow, UK.

Kajantie, M., Manderbacka, K., McCallum, A., Notkola, I.-L., Arffman, M., Forssas, E., Karvonen, S., Kortteinen, M., Leyland, A.H. and Keskimäki, I. (2006) How to carry out register-based health services research in Finland? Compiling complex study data in the REDD project. Technical Report. STAKES, Helsinki.

Leyland, A.H. and McLeod, A. (2000) Mortality in England and Wales, 1979-1992, An Introduction to Multilevel Modelling Using MLwiN: Occasional Paper 1. Technical Report. MRC Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow, UK.

Conference Proceedings

Kearns, A., Bailey, N. , Gannon, M., Livingston, M. and Leyland, A. (2013) 'All in it together'? Social cohesion in a dividing society: attitudes to income inequality and redistribution in a residential context. In: 43rd Annual Urban Affairs Association Conference, San Francisco, CA, 3-6 Apr 2013,

Bailey, N. , Gannon, M., Kearns, A., Livingston, M. and Leyland, A.H. (2012) Living apart, losing sympathy? How attitudes to redistribution and to welfare recipients depend on where you live. In: Social Policy Association / East Asian Social Policy Network Conference 2012, York, UK, 16-18 Jul 2012,

Gannon, M., Livingston, M., Bailey, N. , Kearns, A. and Leyland, A. (2012) Does neighbourhood context impact on attitudes to inequality and redistribution? Questions of scale and patterning. In: European Network for Housing Research Conference, Lillehammer, Norway, 25-27 Jun 2012,

This list was generated on Sun Sep 23 00:53:14 2018 BST.