Dr Elaine Dunbar

  • Research Scientist (Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre)

telephone: 01355223332
email: Elaine.Dunbar@glasgow.ac.uk

Research interests

I have the primary role as Deputy Manager in the SUERC Radiocarbon Laboratory.

Personal research interests are new avenues of method development for the laboratory to advance existing methodologies for 14C capabilities.

Current Projects:

  • Forensic applications of 14C.
  • Method development and modification of 14C techniques.
  • Development of 14C laboratory QA procedures.
  • New stepped combustion method for the dating of archaeological tooth enamel.
  • Analytical problems associated with the measurement of bone F14C background values at SUERC.
  • Compilation of a whisky bomb curve from known age samples to aid identification of year of production of malt whisky.

Grants

Historic England AMS Radiocarbon Dating contract. 2003-present. Named person responsible for all aspects of 14C dating programme in SUERC.

Radiocarbon dating research in Scottish archaeology. (Historic Environment Scotland). 1998-present.

Extending Histories: From medieval mottes to prehistoric round mounds. Leary, J. (PI) and Branch, N. (Co-I). (Leverhulme Trust). 2015-2017.

Re-dating Danebury hillfort and surrounding settlements - A Bayesian Approach to High Precision Chronology. Hazelgrove, C. (PI), Gosden, C. (Co-I) and Cook, G. (Co-I). (Leverhulme Trust). 2013-2015.

Times of Their Lives – The Neolithic of Europe. Collaboration with English Heritage/Cardiff University on their ERC Grant.

Footprint on the edge of Thule: Landscapes of Norse indigenous interaction. Edwards, K. (PI). (Leverhulme Trust). 2007-2011.

Landscapes circum-Landnam: Viking settlement in the North Atlantic and its human and ecological consequences. Edwards, K. (PI). (Leverhulme Trust). 2002-2006.


Supervision

Summer and Placement Students

Direct collaboration with other Universities and Research Institutes:

  • Investigating the variability in the Radiocarbon Dating of Bone. Statistical analysis of quality assurance data from the SUERC RCL. Student from the Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Glasgow.
  • Development of a method for measurement of stable isotopes in the inorganic fraction of bone. Student from Poland.
  • Preparation of plant macrofossils for alpha cellulose for δ13C analysis. Technician from the Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory, Poland.
  • Collagen extraction and measurement of F14C in background bones. Research Fellow from the Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.
  • Implementation of a new graphite system for AMS 14C Dating capabilities at Ruđer Bošković Institute, Croatia. Technical staff from Ruđer Bošković Institute, Croatia.

SUERC Radiocarbon Laboratory placements:

  • Training and supervision of students to investigate temporal variations in platinum and lead concentration in urban soil and dust. Students from the Department of Environmental Chemistry, University of Glasgow.
  • Supervise a student placement to investigate anomalous 14C distributions and accumulation in saltmarsh sediments and biota in the eastern UK coastal environment. Student from the Department of Environmental Chemistry, University of Glasgow.
  • Supervise a placement project to establish the feasibility of a sealed tube combustion method for AMS 14C analysis of small samples. Graduate from the Department of Environmental Chemistry, University of Glasgow.
  • Modification of and preparation on tooth enamel samples for 14C, Sr and O isotope analysis. Students from the Department of Environmental Chemistry, University of Glasgow.
  • Construction of a Historic Scotland Database for submission of final Radiocarbon Results. Student from the Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Strathclyde.
  • Development of a graphite programme to help with the daily running of the graphite line and quality assurance of samples produced. Student from the Department of Computer and Information Sciences, University of Strathclyde.

Additional information

Education

  • Ph.D. Environmental Chemistry - SUERC/University of Glasgow, 1998-2001
    • Development of a novel Isotope Dilution ICP-MS method for the quantification of anthropogenic platinum from car catalytic converter sources, to investigate the geochemistry of anthropogenic platinum in the urban environment.
  • B.Sc. (Hons) Environmental Biogeochemistry - University of Glasgow, 1992-1996

Employment History

  • Research Assistant, SUERC - 2001-present
  • Environmental Geochemist, IKM Consulting - 1998
  • Research Technician, Napier University, Edinburgh - 1996-1998

 


Publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2014 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2002
Number of items: 30.

2017

Denaire, A., Lefranc, P., Wahl, J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Dunbar, E. , Goslar, T., Bayliss, A., Beavan, N., Bickle, P. and Whittle, A. (2017) The cultural project: formal chronological modelling of the Early and Middle Neolithic sequence in Lower Alsace. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 24(4), pp. 1072-1149. (doi:10.1007/s10816-016-9307-x)

Dunbar, E. , Naysmith, P., Cook, G.T., Scott, E.M. , Xu, S. and Tripney, B.G. (2017) Investigation of the analytical F14C bone background value at SUERC. Radiocarbon, 59(5), pp. 1463-1473. (doi:10.1017/RDC.2017.67)

Naysmith, P., Dunbar, E. , Scott, E.M. , Cook, G.T. and Tripney, B.G. (2017) Preliminary results for estimating the bone background uncertainties at SUERC using statistical analysis. Radiocarbon, 59(5), pp. 1579-1587. (doi:10.1017/RDC.2017.70)

Jacobsson, P., Hamilton, W. D., Cook, G., Crone, A., Dunbar, E. , Kinch, H. , Naysmith, P., Tripney, B. and Xu, S. (2017) Refining the Hallstatt plateau: Short-term 14C variability and small scale offsets in 50 consecutive tree-rings from south west Scotland dendro-dated to 410-460 BC. Radiocarbon, (doi:10.1017/RDC.2017.90) (Early Online Publication)

2016

Seidel, U., Stephan, E., Stika, H.-P., Dunbar, E. , Kromer, B., Bayliss, A., Beavan, N., Healy, F. and Whittle, A. (2016) Die Zeit der großen Gräben: Modelle zur Chronologie des Michelsberger Fundplatzes von Heilbronn-Klingenberg „Schlossberg“, Stadtkreis Heilbronn, Baden-Württemberg. Praehistorische Zeitschrift, 91(2), pp. 225-283. (doi:10.1515/pz-2016-0022)

Xu, S. et al. (2016) Radiocarbon releases from the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident. Scientific Reports, 6, 36947. (doi:10.1038/srep36947) (PMID:27841312)

Xu, S., Cook, G. T., Cresswell, A. J. , Dunbar, E. , Freeman, S. P.H.T. , Hou, X., Kinch, H. , Naysmith, P., Sanderson, D. W.C. and Zhang, L. (2016) Carbon, cesium and iodine isotopes in Japanese cedar 1 leaves from Iwaki, Fukushima. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 310(2), pp. 927-934. (doi:10.1007/s10967-016-4830-5) (PMID:27746518) (PMCID:PMC5042993)

Marshall, P., Ramsey, C. B., Dunbar, E. and Reimer, P. (2016) The Mesolithic of the wetland/dryland edge in the Somerset levels: radiocarbon dating. In: Bell, M., Brunning, R., Batchelor, R., Hill, T. and Wilkinson, K. (eds.) The Mesolithic of the Wetland/Dryland Edge in the Somerset Levels: Radiocarbon Dating. Historic England, pp. 198-221.

Jakucs, J. et al. (2016) Between the Vinča and Linearbandkeramik worlds: the diversity of practices and identities in the 54th–53rd centuries cal BC in southwest Hungary and beyond. Journal of World Prehistory, 29(3), pp. 267-336. (doi:10.1007/s10963-016-9096-x)

Tasić, N., Marić, M., Filipović, D., Penezić, K., Dunbar, E. , Reimer, P., Barclay, A., Bayliss, A., Gaydarska, B. and Whittle, A. (2016) Interwoven strands for refining the chronology of the Neolithic tell of Vinča-Belo Brdo, Serbia. Radiocarbon, (doi:10.1017/RDC.2016.56)

Czerniak, L., Marciniak, A., Ramsey, C. B., Dunbar, E. , Goslar, T., Barclay, A., Bayliss, A. and Whittle, A. (2016) House time: Neolithic settlement development at Racot during the 5th millennium CAL B.C. in the Polish lowlands. Journal of Field Archaeology, 41(5), pp. 618-640. (doi:10.1080/00934690.2016.1215723)

Xu, S. et al. (2016) 14C levels in the vicinity of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant prior to the 2011 accident. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 157, pp. 90-96. (doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.03.013) (PMID:27023156)

Bayliss, A. et al. (2016) Peopling the past: creating a site biography in the Hungarian Neolithic. Bericht der Romisch-Germanischen Kommission, 94, pp. 23-91.

Bayliss, A. et al. (2016) La cronología radiocarbó- nica del tholos de Montelirio = The radiocarbon chronology of the Montelirio tholos. In: Fernández Flores, Á., García Sanjuán, L. and Díaz-Zorita Bonilla, M. (eds.) Montelirio: Un Gran Monumento Megalítico de la Edad del Cobre = Montelirio: A Great Meglithic Monument of the Copper Age. Universidad de Sevilla, pp. 485-502. ISBN 9788499592367

Dunbar, E. , Cook, G.T., Naysmith, P., Tripney, B.G. and Xu, S. (2016) AMS 14C dating at the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre (SUERC) Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory. Radiocarbon, 58(01), pp. 9-23. (doi:10.1017/RDC.2015.2)

Osztás, A. et al. (2016) Coalescent community at Alsónyék: the timings and duration of Lengyel burials and settlement. Bericht der Romisch-Germanischen Kommission, 94, pp. 179-282.

Richards, C., Jones, A. M., MacSween, A., Sheridan, A., Dunbar, E. , Reimer, P., Bayliss, A., Griffiths, S. and Whittle, A. (2016) Settlement duration and materiality: formal chronological models for the development of Barnhouse, a grooved ware settlement in Orkney. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 82, pp. 193-225. (doi:10.1017/ppr.2016.6)

2015

Xu, S., Cook, G. T., Cresswell, A. J., Dunbar, E. , Freeman, S. P.H.T., Hastie, H., Hou, X., Jacobsson, P., Naysmith, P. and Sanderson, D. C.W. (2015) Radiocarbon concentration in modern tree rings from Fukushima, Japan. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 146, pp. 67-72. (doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2015.04.004) (PMID:25917022)

Cook, G.T., Ainscough, L.A.N. and Dunbar, E. (2015) Radiocarbon analysis of modern skeletal remains to determine year of birth and death: a case study. Radiocarbon, 57(3), pp. 327-336. (doi:10.2458/azu_rc.57.18394)

2014

Healy, F., Marshall, P., Bayliss, A., Cook, G., Bronk Ramsey, C., van der Plicht, J. and Dunbar, E. (2014) Grime’s Graves, Weeting-with-Broomhill, Norfolk: Radiocarbon Dating and Chronological Modelling. Project Report. Historic England.

2012

Ascough, P.L., Church, M.J., Cook, G.T., Dunbar, E. , Gestsdóttir, H., McGovern, T.H., Dugmore, A.J., Friðriksson, A. and Edwards, K.J. (2012) Radiocarbon reservoir effects in human bone collagen from northern Iceland. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39(7), pp. 2261-2271. (doi:10.1016/j.jas.2012.02.012)

2011

Ascough, P., Cook, G., Hastie, H. , Dunbar, E. , Church, M.J., Einarsson, A., McGovern, T.H. and Dugmore, A.J. (2011) An Icelandic freshwater radiocarbon reservoir effect: implications for lacustrine 14C chronologies. Holocene, 21(7), pp. 1073-1080. (doi:10.1177/0959683611400466)

2010

Ascough, P.L. et al. (2010) Temporal and spatial variations in freshwater 14C reservoir effects: Lake Myvatn, Northern Iceland. Radiocarbon, 52(3), pp. 1098-1112.

Naysmith, P. et al. (2010) 14C AMS at SUERC: improving QA data from the 5 MV tandem AMS and 250 kV SSAMS. Radiocarbon, 52(2), pp. 263-271. (doi:10.1017/S003382220004529X)

2007

McGovern, T. H. et al. (2007) Landscapes of settlement in Northern Iceland: historical ecology of human impact and climate fluctuation on the millennial scale. American Anthropologist, 109(1), pp. 27-51. (doi:10.1525/AA.2007.109.1.27)

Ascough, P.L., Cook, G.T., Church, M.J., Dugmore, A.J., McGovern, T.G., Dunbar, E. , Einarsson, E., Frioriksson, A. and Gestsdottir, H. (2007) Reservoirs and radiocarbon: 14C dating problems in Myvatnssveit, Northern Iceland. Radiocarbon, 49(2), pp. 947-961.

2006

Cook, G. T., Dunbar, E. , Black, S. M. and Xu, S. (2006) A preliminary assessment of age at death determination using the nuclear weapons testing 14C activity of dentine and enamel. Radiocarbon, 48(3),

2005

Church, M. J. et al. (2005) Puffins, pigs, cod and barley: palaeoeconomy at Undir Junkarinsflotti, Sandoy, Faroe Islands. Environmental Archaeology, 10(2), pp. 179-197. (doi:10.1179/env.2005.10.2.179)

2004

Ascough, P.L., Cook, G.T., Dugmore, A.J., Barber, J., Higney, E. and Scott, E.M. (2004) Holocene variations in the Scottish marine radiocarbon reservoir effect. Radiocarbon, 46(2), pp. 611-620.

2002

Higney, E. , Olive, V., MacKenzie, A.B. and Pulford, I.D. (2002) Isotope dilution ICP-MS analysis of platinum in road dusts from west central Scotland. Applied Geochemistry, 17(8), pp. 1123-1129. (doi:10.1016/S0883-2927(02)00008-2)

This list was generated on Sat Dec 16 16:11:33 2017 GMT.
Number of items: 30.

Articles

Denaire, A., Lefranc, P., Wahl, J., Bronk Ramsey, C., Dunbar, E. , Goslar, T., Bayliss, A., Beavan, N., Bickle, P. and Whittle, A. (2017) The cultural project: formal chronological modelling of the Early and Middle Neolithic sequence in Lower Alsace. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 24(4), pp. 1072-1149. (doi:10.1007/s10816-016-9307-x)

Dunbar, E. , Naysmith, P., Cook, G.T., Scott, E.M. , Xu, S. and Tripney, B.G. (2017) Investigation of the analytical F14C bone background value at SUERC. Radiocarbon, 59(5), pp. 1463-1473. (doi:10.1017/RDC.2017.67)

Naysmith, P., Dunbar, E. , Scott, E.M. , Cook, G.T. and Tripney, B.G. (2017) Preliminary results for estimating the bone background uncertainties at SUERC using statistical analysis. Radiocarbon, 59(5), pp. 1579-1587. (doi:10.1017/RDC.2017.70)

Jacobsson, P., Hamilton, W. D., Cook, G., Crone, A., Dunbar, E. , Kinch, H. , Naysmith, P., Tripney, B. and Xu, S. (2017) Refining the Hallstatt plateau: Short-term 14C variability and small scale offsets in 50 consecutive tree-rings from south west Scotland dendro-dated to 410-460 BC. Radiocarbon, (doi:10.1017/RDC.2017.90) (Early Online Publication)

Seidel, U., Stephan, E., Stika, H.-P., Dunbar, E. , Kromer, B., Bayliss, A., Beavan, N., Healy, F. and Whittle, A. (2016) Die Zeit der großen Gräben: Modelle zur Chronologie des Michelsberger Fundplatzes von Heilbronn-Klingenberg „Schlossberg“, Stadtkreis Heilbronn, Baden-Württemberg. Praehistorische Zeitschrift, 91(2), pp. 225-283. (doi:10.1515/pz-2016-0022)

Xu, S. et al. (2016) Radiocarbon releases from the 2011 Fukushima nuclear accident. Scientific Reports, 6, 36947. (doi:10.1038/srep36947) (PMID:27841312)

Xu, S., Cook, G. T., Cresswell, A. J. , Dunbar, E. , Freeman, S. P.H.T. , Hou, X., Kinch, H. , Naysmith, P., Sanderson, D. W.C. and Zhang, L. (2016) Carbon, cesium and iodine isotopes in Japanese cedar 1 leaves from Iwaki, Fukushima. Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry, 310(2), pp. 927-934. (doi:10.1007/s10967-016-4830-5) (PMID:27746518) (PMCID:PMC5042993)

Jakucs, J. et al. (2016) Between the Vinča and Linearbandkeramik worlds: the diversity of practices and identities in the 54th–53rd centuries cal BC in southwest Hungary and beyond. Journal of World Prehistory, 29(3), pp. 267-336. (doi:10.1007/s10963-016-9096-x)

Tasić, N., Marić, M., Filipović, D., Penezić, K., Dunbar, E. , Reimer, P., Barclay, A., Bayliss, A., Gaydarska, B. and Whittle, A. (2016) Interwoven strands for refining the chronology of the Neolithic tell of Vinča-Belo Brdo, Serbia. Radiocarbon, (doi:10.1017/RDC.2016.56)

Czerniak, L., Marciniak, A., Ramsey, C. B., Dunbar, E. , Goslar, T., Barclay, A., Bayliss, A. and Whittle, A. (2016) House time: Neolithic settlement development at Racot during the 5th millennium CAL B.C. in the Polish lowlands. Journal of Field Archaeology, 41(5), pp. 618-640. (doi:10.1080/00934690.2016.1215723)

Xu, S. et al. (2016) 14C levels in the vicinity of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant prior to the 2011 accident. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 157, pp. 90-96. (doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2016.03.013) (PMID:27023156)

Bayliss, A. et al. (2016) Peopling the past: creating a site biography in the Hungarian Neolithic. Bericht der Romisch-Germanischen Kommission, 94, pp. 23-91.

Dunbar, E. , Cook, G.T., Naysmith, P., Tripney, B.G. and Xu, S. (2016) AMS 14C dating at the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre (SUERC) Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory. Radiocarbon, 58(01), pp. 9-23. (doi:10.1017/RDC.2015.2)

Osztás, A. et al. (2016) Coalescent community at Alsónyék: the timings and duration of Lengyel burials and settlement. Bericht der Romisch-Germanischen Kommission, 94, pp. 179-282.

Richards, C., Jones, A. M., MacSween, A., Sheridan, A., Dunbar, E. , Reimer, P., Bayliss, A., Griffiths, S. and Whittle, A. (2016) Settlement duration and materiality: formal chronological models for the development of Barnhouse, a grooved ware settlement in Orkney. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society, 82, pp. 193-225. (doi:10.1017/ppr.2016.6)

Xu, S., Cook, G. T., Cresswell, A. J., Dunbar, E. , Freeman, S. P.H.T., Hastie, H., Hou, X., Jacobsson, P., Naysmith, P. and Sanderson, D. C.W. (2015) Radiocarbon concentration in modern tree rings from Fukushima, Japan. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 146, pp. 67-72. (doi:10.1016/j.jenvrad.2015.04.004) (PMID:25917022)

Cook, G.T., Ainscough, L.A.N. and Dunbar, E. (2015) Radiocarbon analysis of modern skeletal remains to determine year of birth and death: a case study. Radiocarbon, 57(3), pp. 327-336. (doi:10.2458/azu_rc.57.18394)

Ascough, P.L., Church, M.J., Cook, G.T., Dunbar, E. , Gestsdóttir, H., McGovern, T.H., Dugmore, A.J., Friðriksson, A. and Edwards, K.J. (2012) Radiocarbon reservoir effects in human bone collagen from northern Iceland. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39(7), pp. 2261-2271. (doi:10.1016/j.jas.2012.02.012)

Ascough, P., Cook, G., Hastie, H. , Dunbar, E. , Church, M.J., Einarsson, A., McGovern, T.H. and Dugmore, A.J. (2011) An Icelandic freshwater radiocarbon reservoir effect: implications for lacustrine 14C chronologies. Holocene, 21(7), pp. 1073-1080. (doi:10.1177/0959683611400466)

Ascough, P.L. et al. (2010) Temporal and spatial variations in freshwater 14C reservoir effects: Lake Myvatn, Northern Iceland. Radiocarbon, 52(3), pp. 1098-1112.

Naysmith, P. et al. (2010) 14C AMS at SUERC: improving QA data from the 5 MV tandem AMS and 250 kV SSAMS. Radiocarbon, 52(2), pp. 263-271. (doi:10.1017/S003382220004529X)

McGovern, T. H. et al. (2007) Landscapes of settlement in Northern Iceland: historical ecology of human impact and climate fluctuation on the millennial scale. American Anthropologist, 109(1), pp. 27-51. (doi:10.1525/AA.2007.109.1.27)

Ascough, P.L., Cook, G.T., Church, M.J., Dugmore, A.J., McGovern, T.G., Dunbar, E. , Einarsson, E., Frioriksson, A. and Gestsdottir, H. (2007) Reservoirs and radiocarbon: 14C dating problems in Myvatnssveit, Northern Iceland. Radiocarbon, 49(2), pp. 947-961.

Cook, G. T., Dunbar, E. , Black, S. M. and Xu, S. (2006) A preliminary assessment of age at death determination using the nuclear weapons testing 14C activity of dentine and enamel. Radiocarbon, 48(3),

Church, M. J. et al. (2005) Puffins, pigs, cod and barley: palaeoeconomy at Undir Junkarinsflotti, Sandoy, Faroe Islands. Environmental Archaeology, 10(2), pp. 179-197. (doi:10.1179/env.2005.10.2.179)

Ascough, P.L., Cook, G.T., Dugmore, A.J., Barber, J., Higney, E. and Scott, E.M. (2004) Holocene variations in the Scottish marine radiocarbon reservoir effect. Radiocarbon, 46(2), pp. 611-620.

Higney, E. , Olive, V., MacKenzie, A.B. and Pulford, I.D. (2002) Isotope dilution ICP-MS analysis of platinum in road dusts from west central Scotland. Applied Geochemistry, 17(8), pp. 1123-1129. (doi:10.1016/S0883-2927(02)00008-2)

Book Sections

Marshall, P., Ramsey, C. B., Dunbar, E. and Reimer, P. (2016) The Mesolithic of the wetland/dryland edge in the Somerset levels: radiocarbon dating. In: Bell, M., Brunning, R., Batchelor, R., Hill, T. and Wilkinson, K. (eds.) The Mesolithic of the Wetland/Dryland Edge in the Somerset Levels: Radiocarbon Dating. Historic England, pp. 198-221.

Bayliss, A. et al. (2016) La cronología radiocarbó- nica del tholos de Montelirio = The radiocarbon chronology of the Montelirio tholos. In: Fernández Flores, Á., García Sanjuán, L. and Díaz-Zorita Bonilla, M. (eds.) Montelirio: Un Gran Monumento Megalítico de la Edad del Cobre = Montelirio: A Great Meglithic Monument of the Copper Age. Universidad de Sevilla, pp. 485-502. ISBN 9788499592367

Research Reports or Papers

Healy, F., Marshall, P., Bayliss, A., Cook, G., Bronk Ramsey, C., van der Plicht, J. and Dunbar, E. (2014) Grime’s Graves, Weeting-with-Broomhill, Norfolk: Radiocarbon Dating and Chronological Modelling. Project Report. Historic England.

This list was generated on Sat Dec 16 16:11:33 2017 GMT.