This website will help you understand what plagiarism is and how to avoid it through good academic practice. You should read it in conjunction with any School/College and programme-specific resources.
The University definition of plagiarism is: The incorporation of material without formal and proper acknowledgement (even with no deliberate intent to cheat) can constitute plagiarism. Work may be considered to be plagiarised if it consists of: a direct quotation; a close paraphrase; an unacknowledged summary of a source; direct copying or transcription”
The important principle behind assessment is that it is your ideas and your ability to critically evaluate information that are being assessed, not anyone else’s ideas or work. What this means is that any information or ideas which aren’t yours must be acknowledged.
It’s important you understand what plagiarism is, and how to avoid it, because the University doesn’t distinguish between intentional and unintentional plagiarism, so a mistake, poor academic practice or submitting an early draft that you were intending to work on further will all be investigated in the same way and would all be considered plagiarism.
All of the following are against University rules:
- submitting work containing quotes or ideas taken from someone else’s work, or similar wording to someone else’s work without referencing that other work. Even incomplete acknowledgement or poor referencing can constitute plagiarism
- submitting work written by someone else, but presenting this as your own work
- inappropriate collaboration with others (collusion)
- submitting work which has been copied from somewhere else – this also includes where text has been replicated by retyping and
- submitting the same piece of coursework, or a substantial part of the same coursework more than once for the purpose of coursework assessment. This is the case even if this was all your own work initially (this is called ‘auto-plagiarism’ or ‘self-plagiarism’) as it could be deriving double credit for a single effort
- submitting work purchased from essay writing services
The number of companies offering essay-writing or proofreading services has increased. These external organisations can trick you into accidentally plagiarising by crossing the boundary from proofreading into rewriting and leading to you submitting work written by someone else.
The University strongly discourages the use of proofreading and essay-writing companies by students.
You are encouraged to report commercial essay-writing services publicity on University premises to the Senate Office. You should be extra vigilant when asking for assistance from anyone other than a member of University staff.