Vergilius Maro, Publius: Aeneis [English].   Eneydos.

Translated by William Caxton, from the French Livre des Énéides.

[Westminster]:  William Caxton, [after 22 June 1490]
Fol.   A4 2[A]2 B-L8.   [86] leaves, 6 and 86 blank.
Woodcut initials
ISTC iv00199000; GW M50120; Goff V199; BMC XI 174 (IB. 55135); Bod-inc V-109; DeR(C) 96.14; Duff 404.

GIP number: V24
Shelf-mark: Sp Coll Hunterian Bv.2.10 (see main library entry for this item)
Note: A1r (signed "A j") is the beginning of Caxton's Prologue;  A3r (unsigned) is the beginning of the Table, which continues on A4.  In this copy A2 and A3 are conjugate and A1 appears to be conjugate with A4.  ²[A1r] containing the final twelve lines of the Table, though signed "A iij" in some copies, is in this copy unsigned and its conjugate blank ²[A2] is wanting.  See BMC and Duff for alternative collations of the first two quires.
Provenance: Thomas Perkines (16th/17th century):  inscription on A2v “The condit[i]on of this present obligation is such that yf the aboue bounden Thomas Perkines his heires executors administrators or assignes or eyther of them for and in good consideration him movinge”.
H. Anthony (16th century):  inscription on A3v “[...] my H Anthony”.
Richard Bridgeman (d. 1742) of Combes Hall, Suffolk:  armorial stamp in gold on both covers;  see (accessed November, 2019).
William Hunter (1718-1783), physician and anatomist:  source unknown.
University of Glasgow:  Hunterian bequest 1807;  Hunterian Museum bookplate on front pastedown, with former shelfmark “R.3.4”.
Binding: England, early 18th-century speckled brown sheep;  covers have a blind-tooled border formed by a double fillet and an ornamental roll;  gold roll decoration on edge of boards;  Bridgeman arms stamped in gold in centre of both covers (see Provenance above);  original spine now lost;  sprinkled red-edged leaves;  front free endpaper bears a fleur-de-lys watermark (as does a rear flyleaf);  restored and rebacked by Douglas Cockerell & Son, Jan. 1958, with binder’s note tipped onto rear pastedown.   Size:  285 x 212 mm.
Leaf size: 276 x 202 mm.
Annotations: Numerous marginal annotations in Latin and in English in 16th/17th-century hands:
1) On A1r a quotation “Fooles will finde fault without the [cause] discerninge and argue most of that ...” - Sir John Harington’s translation of Ariosto’s Orlando furioso, 28.1.7-8.
2) Quotations from Ovid and Horace:  on A1r a partially deleted inscription “Spectat humi positus geminum sua lumina sidus et dignos Baccho dignos et Apolline crines” - Ovid, Metamorphoses, III.420-421;  on B1v “Nescis quid valeat num[m]us, que[m] p[rae]beat vsum” - Horace, Satirae, I.1.73;  on B2r “Tempore foelici multi numerant[ur] ami[ci] si fortuna perit nullus amicus er[it]” - paraphrase of Ovid, Tristia, I.9.5-6;  on B2v “Vix ego Saturno quenqua[m] regnante videba[m] Cuius non animo dulcia lucra forent” - Ovid, Fasti, I.193-4;  on E1r “Omnia sunt hominu[m] tenui pendentia filo et subito casu quae valuere ruunt” - Ovid, Ex Ponto, IV.3.35-36;  on F2r “perq[ue] oculos perit ipse suos paulumq[ue] leuatus ad circumstantes tendens sua brachia silvas ecquis io silue” - Ovid, Metamorphoses, III.440-442;  on L2r “Salmsi vel iaculum vel pictas sume pharetas Et tua cum duris venatibus otia misce” - Ovid, Metamorphoses, IV.306-307;  on L3v “Inq[ue] aditu obsisto, omni furit audacissimus numero de vrbe ab pulsus qui Thusca licabas ... ait naxon cursus aduertite liber” - Ovid, Metamorphoses, III.623-636.
3) On A3v a rhyme(?) “Et si eloquentiae flumen [...] Labris nondum tetigi nec exacta bilis”.
4) On 2[A1r] an inscription “Considering there is nothing a more p[re]cious well geuen vs of god then time, and that nothing reioyseth a mans mind more then the remembrance of the well spending of time, nor nothing more greueth”.
5) On 2[A1v] pen-and-ink trials of selected letters of the alphabet.
6) On B1r an inscription “Cum sancti dederint poenas pro nomine Christo fellito Scotus(?) nectare [...]”.
7) On B1r rhymes “Omnibus est notum quod valde diligo potum” and “Si possem vellem pro potu ponent pellem”;  the first repeated on L6v, the second on B7r.
8) On B8v a partially deleted inscription “This indenture made the vth day of marche in the five and twentithe yere of the raygne of our soueraygne Lady Elizabeth [...]”.
9) On E7v an annotation “Here I write”.
10) On F7v an annotation “Quincunq[ue] scribebat hunc libru[m] notabat [scored through and replaced with “sciebat”] non bonu[m] latinu[m] neq[ue] vernaculu[m]”.
11) On G4r a partially deleted annotation “[...] write well good brother and I [...] Louinge ardently”.
Late 17th-century shelfmark “Presse K Shelf b No. 2” in ink on front pastedown;  price(?) code “O/A” in ink in top inner corner of front free endpaper.
Decoration: Some of the woodcut initials very lightly washed in red.
Imperfections: Wanting the blank leaves 2[A2] and L8;  also wanting L7 containing the colophon and printer’s device (the colophon is supplied in pen-and-ink facsimile on a rear flyleaf bearing a fleur-de-lys watermark).

Woodcut initials in  Vergilius Maro, Publius: Aeneis [English]. Eneydos