Martinus de Braga, S.: De quattuor virtutibus cardinalibus, sive De formula honestae vitae.

Add:  Petrus Marcellus:  Tres orationes habitae in senatu Atheniensi de recipiendo Alexandro Magno vel armis repellendo (attributed here to Aeschines, Demades, and Demosthenes).  [Pseudo-] Bernardus Claravallensis [i.e. Bernardus Silvestris?]:  Epistola de gubernatione rei familiaris.

[Paris:  Petrus Caesaris and Johannes Stol, ca. 1473].
4to.   [110 28].   [18] leaves.
ISTC is00409500;  GW M41521;  CIBN S-208;  Oates 2894-5.

Dated ca. 1473 by Jeanne Veyrin-Forrer, 'Le deuxième atelier typographique de Paris: Cesaris et Stol', Gutenberg Jahrbuch (1976) pp. 117-29, no. 9.

Though traditionally attributed to Seneca, the text of De quattuor virtutibus cardinalibus is now attributed to S. Martinus de Braga, and is presumably based on Seneca’s De officiis – see Nikolaus Henkel, ‘Deutsche Übersetzungen lateinischer Schultexte: ihre Verbreitung und Funktion im Mittelalter und in der frühen Neuzeit’, Münchener Texte und Untersuchungen, 90 (München: 1988), pp. 306-9.

The three fictitious orations ascribed to Demosthenes, Aeschines, and Demades are probably by Petrus Marcellus, Bishop of Ceneda – see Remigio Sabbadini, ‘Antonio da Rogmagno e Pietro Marcello’, Nuovo Archivio Veneto, n.s. XV (1915), pp. 207-46.

GIP number: M20
Shelf-mark: Sp Coll  Hunterian Bx.3.11 (see main library entry for this item)
Note: This copy has a spurious colophon written and painted on 2/4v (f. 14v) “A.D. MCCCClxiii;  Per Iohannē fust ciuē Magūtinuʒ et petrū Gernſsheym; [device]” - see Philip Gaskell, ‘A Fust and Schoeffer forgery’, The Library, 5th ser., vol. 19 (1964), pp. 200-1 (with plate).
Bound with: See Annotations.
Provenance: Anthony Askew (1722-1774), physician and classical scholar:  Askew sale, 13 Feb. 1775 onwards;  lot 2937 in Bibliotheca Askeviana … (London:  Baker & Leigh, 1775).
William Hunter (1718-1783), physician and anatomist:  purchased by Hunter at the Askew sale for £0.10.6 according to the annotated copy of the Askew sale catalogue in Cambridge University Library;  price confirmed in the partially annotated copy of the Askew sale catalogue in Glasgow University Library (shelfmark Mu36-c.8).
University of Glasgow:  Hunterian bequest 1807;  Hunterian Museum bookplate on front pastedown, with former shelfmark “Ah.8.6”.
Binding: 18th-century gold-tooled red goatskin;  covers decorated with a border made up of a single fillet and separate floral tools, and with a centre-piece also composed of separate tools;  gilt turn-ins;  marbled endpapers;  numerous flyleaves have Vryheyt lion watermark with motto ‘Pro Patria Eiusque Libertate’;  sprinkled red-edged leaves;  volume rebacked and repaired, 29 July 1980, by John Tomlinson, craft binder, University of Glasgow Library - binder’s note loosely inserted.  Size:  186 x 141 mm.
Leaf size: 177 x 129 mm.
Annotations: Occasional marginal annotations in a 16th-century hand, mainly extracting keywords;  each quire has two sets of early manuscript signatures, one in red, the other in brown ink, designating the quires as ‘i’ and ‘k’, both lightly scored through or partially erased - indicating that this work was at an early date once bound with another or other works.
Decoration: Initials supplied in red with reserved white, or in red alone;  capital strokes in red throughout;  paragraph marks supplied in red or blue.
Imperfections: Wanting 2/5-8.

Spurious colophon in Seneca, Lucius Annaeus [pseudo-]: De quattuor virtutibus cardinalibus, sive De formula honestae vitae