Cicero, Marcus Tullius: De inventione, sive Rhetorica vetus.

Edited by Omnibonus Leonicenus.

[Venice:  Filippo di Pietro], 1475.
Fol.   a10 b-g8.   [58] leaves (a1 blank).
ISTC ic00645000;  GW 6734;  Goff C645;  BMC V 219 (IB. 20134);  CIBN C-382;  BSB-Ink C-301.

GIP number: C41
Shelf-mark: Sp Coll Hunterian Be.3.29 (see main library entry for this item)
Variant: a2r, line 3:  “[ ]AEPE Et ...” as in the Bayerische Staatsbibliothek copy (electronic facsimile), not as GW “[ ]AEPE ET ...”.
Note: Printer's pin-holes visible.
Bound with: The first of two incunabula bound together.   Bound (as in many other copies) with:  [Pseudo-] Cicero, Marcus Tullius, Rhetorica ad C. Herennium.  [Venice?:  Printer of Datus, Elegantiolae (H 5969*), ca. 1475] (C61).
Provenance: Petrus Desentianus(?) (16th-century):  partially erased inscription on a1r “Iste Liber est mei petri desent[...]”.
Joannes de Peregrinis (16th/17th century):  inscription on a1r “Joa: de Peregrinis”.
Venice, Capuchins:  partially erased inscription on a2r “Loci Venetiarum Capuccinorum”;  the same inscription appears on g6v of the second item in volume.
Robert Hoblyn, (1710-1756), politician:  Bibliotheca Hoblyniana (Londini: J. Murray, 1769), p. 213;  Hoblyn sale, 2 March 1778 onwards;  lot 3411 in Bibliotheca Hoblyniana ... (London: Baker & Leigh, 1778).
William Hunter (1718-1783), physician and anatomist:  purchased by Hunter at the Hoblyn sale for £1.7.0 according to the annotated British Library copy of the Hoblyn sale catalogue - shelfmark S.C.S. 11 (4).
Binding: Italy, 16th-century blind-tooled, brown goatskin over bevelled wooden boards.  Covers decorated with fillets to form three frames and a centre panel;  the latter has a reticulated design formed from an interlaced tool and is further decorated with a small annulus-shaped tool used singly or in groups of seven;  the inner frame is decorated with a chain-like pattern formed by an interlaced dotted tool (cf. Weale, Bookbindings, fig. 13 (lower right), p. xviii);  the middle frame is decorated with a small annulus-shaped tool used singly;  the outer frame is decorated with a rope-like pattern formed by a dotted s-shaped tool, a six-petalled flower stamp and a lattice stamp.  Rebacked in 19th/20th century and new flyleaves added at front and rear;  original spine covering not preserved;  no evidence of pastedowns.  Remains of two clasps, with brass catch plates on rear board - and in a corresponding position on the front board are brass rivets decorated with a star-shaped design.  Manuscript title on fore-edge ‘Retorica Tulii’ running from head to tail.   Size:  297 x 205 mm.
Leaf size: 290 x 202 mm.
Annotations: Frequent marginal annotations in humanist hands in black ink and in faded red;  frequent interlinear corrections of text;  signature f1, which is wrongly signed “d”, is corrected by hand in ink;  18th-century shelfmark “f5 sh” and “f5” in pencil on a1r.
Decoration: Six-line initial “S” on a2r and six-line initial “C” on d2r supplied in gold and embellished with white-vine decoration defined in blue, green and purple with a pattern of white dots, which extends into the inner and upper margins (an initial in the second item in the volume is by the same illuminator);  other initials supplied in red or blue, with evidence of guide-letters in brown ink.
Imperfections: Large triangular excision in lower margin of a2r (probably indicating removal of ownership evidence).

Illuminated initial in Cicero, Marcus Tullius: De inventione, sive Rhetorica vetus