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Developing a Framework for Human Interactions with Cyber-Physical Systems (CPS): The Dynamics of  Risk and Trust

Multidisciplinary Workshop: Call for Papers

University of Glasgow
Tuesday 16 April 2024
09:00 - 17:00 (BST)

We are pleased to invite submissions to present at our multidisciplinary conference jointly organised by the University of Glasgow (School of Law and School of Psychology and Neuroscience) and the University of Leeds (School of Mechanical Engineering) together with generous funding from the Willis Towers Watson Research Challenge Fund. The conference aims to bridge the disciplinary divides by delving into the key thematic issues of risk and trust as it pertains to human interactions with cyber-physical systems (CPS).

Workshop Theme

A Cyber-Physical System (CPS) is a system that includes physical (hardware) and computational (software) capabilities that can monitor and control the physical world. This workshop extends CPS to explore the social paradigm of CPS which emphasises the interaction between human actors and CPS in a broader social-technical context. We are interested in understanding the human-to-machine relationships in the design, operation, and management of CPS. Humans can play different and multiple roles in relation to CPS, including as the manufacturer, user, operator, and decision-maker. We are interested in understanding how the design principles for CPS can help create a more seamless integration in the human-machine relationship.

CPS relies on emerging technologies including virtual reality, control and decision algorithms, artificial intelligence, wireless sensor networks, and digital twins to create smart systems for interactions between the cyber world, the physical (or ‘real world’), and human users. When used in conjunction with emerging technologies, CPS have the potential for multiple innovative applications in society and commerce including: smart cities, internet of things, healthcare and monitoring, robotics systems, digital commerce, intelligent transport infrastructures, manufacturing across industries. 

CPS have the potential to significantly transform economic sectors and enhance social benefits but, as a fledgling technology, there is much uncertainty regarding the design and conceptualisation of CPS and the associated dynamics of risk and trust.

Against this background, pressing questions emerge:

  1. How should CPS be conceptualised through appropriate design principles and applications?
  2. What is the role of trust dynamics in CPS and how can trust be calibrated within the human-to-machine relationship?
  3. What are the risks associated with CPS, and how can effective risk management frameworks be developed (e.g. insurance and assurance)?
  4. How can Law and/or Regulation progress or hinder the development of CPS and its accompanying technologies?
  5. What are the safety and security implications of CPS in particular cyber risks and cyber security?
  6. How can privacy and ethical issues be addressed within CPS?

This workshop aims to explore these questions and others through multidisciplinary exchange and invites submissions from the Social Sciences, Science and Engineering, Humanities, and other disciplines. 


We invite submissions for paper proposals of 300-500 words from academics (both established and emerging, including PhD students) and industry professionals. All proposals should be sent to cps@glasgow.ac.uk and must indicate the name, affiliation, and title of the contributor/s, and must also indicate which discipline/s the proposal relates to (e.g. engineering, law, psychology etc). The deadline for submissions is 23:00 (BST) on 23rd February 2024 and applicants will be informed of the results of the selection process by 23:00 (BST) on 1st March 2024.

Practical Information

Contributors whose papers have been selected will be expected to present in-person at the workshop to be held at the University of Glasgow's Gilmorehill Campus.

Registration for the workshop is open and attendance will be limited to facilitate a collegial, in-depth knowledge exchange and networking. If you wish to attend, please register via our Book-it-bee registration page.

We look forward to welcoming you to Glasgow. Should you require any further information, please do not hesitate to contact the organising committee: cps@glasgow.ac.uk

Organising Committee

  • Dr Livashnee Naidoo, Lecturer in Commercial Law, School of Law at the University of Glasgow: livashnee.naidoo@glasgow.ac.uk
  • Professor Frank Pollick, Professor of Psychology, School of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of Glasgow: frank.pollick@glasgow.ac.uk
  • Dr Jongrae Kim, Associate Professor, School of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Leeds: menjkim@leeds.ac.uk