# Probability and Sampling Fundamentals (ODL) STATS5094

**Academic Session:**2019-20**School:**School of Mathematics and Statistics**Credits:**10**Level:**Level 5 (SCQF level 11)**Typically Offered:**Semester 1**Available to Visiting Students:**No**Available to Erasmus Students:**No**Taught Wholly by Distance Learning:**Yes

#### Short Description

This course introduces students to key concepts from probability theory and provides an introduction to survey sampling with a focus on the underpinning probabilistic mechanisms.

#### Timetable

The course mostly consists of asynchronous teaching material.

#### Requirements of Entry

The course is only available to online-distance learning students on the PGCert/PGDip/MSc in Data Analytics and Data Analytics for Government.

#### Excluded Courses

Statistics 2R: Probability

Statistics 2X: Probability II

Probability (Level M)

Probability and Stochastic Models (ODL)

#### Co-requisites

-/-

#### Assessment

30% Continuous Assessment

70% Final exam (can be taken at test centres)

The continuous assessment will typically be made up of five homework exercises, including online quizzes. Full details are provided in the programme handbook.

**Main Assessment In:** April/May

#### Course Aims

The course aims to introduce students to probability theory with a focus on understanding and being able to apply concepts, rather than deriving these concepts in a mathematically rigorous manner. Students will be introduced to key concepts in probability theory, univariate and multivariate random variables developing and moments. The course aims to prepare students to solve real-life problems using stochastic models.

Using the concepts from probability covered in the first part of the course, the course introduces students to sampling from a finite population. The course aims to equip students with an understanding of key concepts in sampling such as the difference between sampling with and without replacement, stratification and nonresponse.

#### Intended Learning Outcomes of Course

By the end of this course students will be able to:

■ use probability mass functions, probability density functions and cumulative distribution functions in one or more dimensions to compute probabilities and percentiles in particular cases;

■ compute moments in one or more dimensions (including the vector of expected values and the variance-covariance matrix) for given distributions and interpret them;

■ recognise some of the standard discrete and continuous probability distributions in a context, and use them to obtain probabilities, percentiles and moments;

■ use the joint distribution of a random vector to derive marginal or conditional distributions of one or more of the component variables;

■ determine whether two or more random vectors are independent;

■ explain and apply key concepts in large sample theory;

■ state and use properties of the multinomial and Multivariate Normal (MVN) distribution;

■ explain the difference between different strategies for sampling in a probabilistic context and discuss advantages and disadvantages of these strategies in a context;

■ estimate parameters and their uncertainty in a finite population; and

■ integrate their knowledge of topics in the course to solve realistic problems.

#### Minimum Requirement for Award of Credits

Students must submit at least 75% by weight of the components (including examinations) of the course's summative assessment.