Qualitative Research Methods SPS5037
- Academic Session: 2021-22
- School: School of Social and Political Sciences
- Credits: 20
- Level: Level 5 (SCQF level 11)
- Typically Offered: Semester 1
- Available to Visiting Students: No
- Available to Erasmus Students: No
Qualitative methods are those research techniques concerned broadly with non-mathematical, naturally occurring and non-experimental research practices that look to uncover the meanings and significance of the wide variety of evidence that social researchers collect. Qualitative research includes a broad range of approaches and techniques. The purpose of the course is to introduce students to a number of the most commonly used of these approaches and techniques. These tools include in-depth interviews and focus groups as well as the gathering of data based on observation and textual information. The course aims to develop a practical understanding of the philosophical underpinnings, application and analysis of qualitative methodology for those working in the social sciences.
One and a half hour lecture and one hour tutorial (called Dissertation Training) per week. Lectures Thursday 10-11:30am. Dissertation Training runs weeks 2-11 inclusive, on various days and times across the week i.e. Tuesday between 1-3pm, Wednesday 11am-12noon, Thursday 1-2pm and Friday between 4-6pm.
Requirements of Entry
PGT and PGR Critical ethical review (25% 1000 words, Week 5)
Students will undertake a short critical review of qualitative research ethics, in the form of an ethical review where they will consider the ethical issues and procedures involved in a chosen qualitative research scenario. Formative activities have been in-built into the dissertation training which will feed into this summative assessment.
PGT Critical Methodological Appraisal (75% 3000 words, Week 11)
In order to encourage students to critically engage with key elements of qualitative research, such as methodology and ethics, students are required to submit a critical appraisal. Using two empirical articles, the students will critically appraise two methods, assessing the quality of the qualitative research reported, particularly focusing on research design and ethics.
In doing so, the students will critically and reflexively engage with key aspects of research design, and the practical and ethical issues involved in data collection. Formative activities have been in-built into the dissertation training which will feed into this summative assessment.
The lectures are designed to give students grounding in why social science researchers use particular qualitative methodologies and how they may fit into a broader examination of society. The lectures are divided into three blocks: Research Design, Strategy, and Practical Skills; Data Collection Methods; and Analysis. The tutorials are designed to give students time to try out, discuss and critically examine how qualitative methods work in practice. The goals of the course are to give students a) robust introductory knowledge of a range of qualitative methods; b) the ability to build a solid research design; c) the skill to find appropriate qualitative methods that relate to their inquiries and d) the tools and experience to start to implement qualitative methods such as interviewing, focus groups, and analysis with skill and confidence. In addition to methods and research design skills, students acquire skills pertaining to the practicalities of the research process, such as structuring a qualitative dissertation, reviewing and using literature in appropriate ways, and meeting ethical standards and procedures.
Intended Learning Outcomes of Course
By the end of this course students will be able to:
■ Demonstrate a critical understanding of the different epistemological and ontological positions inherent in different qualitative approaches.
■ Recognise the theoretical, political and cultural context of one's research agenda.
■ Have a robust knowledge of the different qualitative methods of enquiry and the data collection strategies available.
■ Explain the mechanics of sampling and case selection strategies and their implications for the generation of research findings.
■ Describe, critically evaluate, and demonstrate the process of constructing a robust research design that uses qualitative methods.
■ Explore criteria for evaluating qualitative research and principles of good practice, including credibility, transferability, dependability, confirmability, reliability, transparency, validity, reflexivity, social responsivity, ethics, and rigour.
Have a first impression of software solutions for supporting qualitative inquiry.
Minimum Requirement for Award of Credits
Students must submit at least 75% by weight of the components (including examinations) of the course's summative assessment.