Introduction To Statistical Methods MED5029
- Academic Session: 2021-22
- School: Health and Wellbeing
- Credits: 20
- Level: Level 5 (SCQF level 11)
- Typically Offered: Semester 1
- Available to Visiting Students: Yes
- Available to Erasmus Students: No
This course assumes no prior knowledge of statistics. It covers graphical and numerical methods of displaying and summarising data along with the use and interpretation of confidence intervals, significance tests ( t tests, chi-square tests etc), correlation and linear regression. Students get hands on experience of using appropriate statistical software to carry out these analyses.
Classes will meet in the first semester.- there will be 11 x weekly, two hour lectures in addition to 6 x weekly, two hour computer practicals using an appropriate statistical software package for data analysis.
Online version of Introduction to Statistical Methods MED5477
Exam (75%) (120 minutes)
Main Assessment In: December
1.To introduce fundamental concepts in biostatistics, especially uncertainty, variation, estimation and comparison.
2. To examine statistical issues in study design.
3. To introduce the most commonly used methods of analysis of data.
4. To give students a framework for critically reading published papers.
5. To give students experience of carrying out standard statistical analysis of small data sets using an appropriate statistical software package
Intended Learning Outcomes of Course
On successful completion of this course, students will be able to:
Differentiate between population and sample, population parameters and sample statistics and recognise the importance of sampling variability.
Understand the importance of randomisation, control groups, placebos, single and double blind in study design
Distinguish between, and critically apply, appropriate diagrammatic methods (line plots, histograms, boxplots, scatterplots) and summary statistics such as the mean, median, standard deviation, quartiles, proportions, percentages in data analysis
Critically interpret the results of a significance test and a confidence interval and P value.
Distinguish the circumstances in which to use: 1, 2 and paired sample t-tests, one way analysis of variance, chi square tests, Fisher's exact test, relative risk, odds ratio and the corresponding confidence intervals and critically appraise their appropriateness within the context of the research question
Understand the difference between correlation and linear regression and critically discuss the design conditions as when to apply the most appropriate technique
Interpret and critically appraise the output from a multiple linear regression model
Criticise the statistical content of simple published papers and reports
Apply an appropriate statistical analysis computer package to carry out analyses of data.
Calculate required study sample size and critically appraise the main factors affecting this
Identify the problems of variation in measurement and critically appraise the methods of controlling and measuring this variation
Critically appraise the concept of crude death (or incidence) rates and the rationale for the use of standardised rates based on the direct and indirect methods
Interpret and critically appraise the output from a univariate and multivariable logistic regression model
Minimum Requirement for Award of Credits
Students must submit at least 75% by weight of the components (including examinations) of the course's summative assessment.