Columna, Franciscus: Hypnerotomachia Poliphili.

Add: Leonardus Crassus, Johannes Baptista Scytha and Andreas Maro.

Venice:  Aldus Manutius, Romanus, for Leonardus Crassus, Dec. 1499.
Fol.  π4 a-y8 z10 A-E8 F4.  [234] leaves.  The preliminary quire is numbered but not signed.
Woodcuts;  woodcut initials.
ISTC ic00767000;  GW 7223;  Goff C767;  BMC V 561 (IB. 24500);  Bod-inc C-391;  CIBN C-523;  BSB-Ink C-471;  Ahmanson-Murphy 35.

Note:  P. Scapecchi, ‘L’Hypnerotomachia Poliphili e suo autore’, in Accademie e biblioteche d'Italia, 51 (1983), pp. 286-98 and ‘Giunte e considerazioni per la bibliografia sul Polifilo’, idem, 53 (1985), pp. 68-73, argues that Columna is the dedicatee, and that the author is Fra Eliseo da Treviso.   For further notes and references on the authorship, see CIBN.

GIP number: C70
Shelf-mark: Sp Coll Hunterian Bh.2.14 (see main library entry for this item)
Variants: Sheets b1.8, c3.6, f2.7, s1.8, s2.7, u4.5, C2.7, C3.6, and F1.4 are all in the original setting - see N. Harris, ‘Nine reset sheets in the Aldine Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (1499)’, Gutenberg Jahrbuch (2006), pp. 245-275;  π1.4: as in GW’s main transcription, not as in GW Anm.1;  a2.7:  variant A in C. Bühler, ‘Newly discovered variant settings in the Hypnerotomachia Poliphili’, in Festschrift für Claus Nissen (Wiesbaden:  1973), pp. 36-42;  z6r, line 37:  “... extauano ſedili diaſpre di”, not (with the error corrected) “... extauano ſedili de diaſprea” - see CIBN C-523.
Note: For traces of blind impressions in this copy, see N. Harris ‘The blind impressions in the Aldine Hypnerotomachia Poliphili (1499)’, Gutenberg Jahrbuch (2004), 93-146.
Note: First leaf reinforced by a sheet of 18th-century paper pasted onto the recto, and with two triangular openings cut to expose the printed title;  final leaf (F4 which contains the Errata on its recto) also reinforced by a blank sheet of paper pasted onto the blank verso.  Quires B and C transposed.
Provenance: Louis XIV (1638-1715), King of France, or Louis XV (1710-1774), King of France:  see Binding.
John Baber (d. 1765):  lot 1587 in A catalogue of the genuine and elegant library of John Baber ... of Sunning-Hill Park, lately deceased ... which will begin to be sold by auction, by Samuel Baker ... on Monday, the 31st of March, 1766... (London: [1766]).
William Hunter (1718-1783), physician and anatomist:  purchased at the Baber sale for £2.12.6 according to the annotated British Library copy of the Baber sale catalogue - shelfmark S.C.S. 6*(2).
Note:  Hunter may have had another copy of the 1499 Hypnerotomachia, purchased earlier as lot 1820 at the Clement Cottrell Dormer sale (1764) for £2.15.0 (see the annotated British Library copy of the Dormer sale catalogue where lot 1820 is marked as 'Hunter-Askew').  Only one copy remains in the Hunterian Library – on balance the Baber copy.
University of Glasgow:  Hunterian bequest 1807;  Hunterian Museum bookplate on front pastedown, with former shelfmark “At.2.8”.
Binding: France, 18th-century, gold-tooled red goatskin;  covers decorated with a border formed from triple fillets and a floral roll incorporating a crown, an acorn, a fleur-de-lys, and a dragon or bird’s head;  gold-tooled spine with a crowned monogram of interlaced L’s stamped in six spine compartments (monogram of Louis XIV or Louis XV – cf. Olivier, pl. 2494 and 2495) and with a fleur-de-lys in each corner;  marbled endpapers;  turquoise silk bookmark.   Size: 312 x 208 mm.
Leaf size: 303 x 198 mm.
Annotations: Corrections in a mid 16th-century Italian hand on a5r, c4r, g6v, k3r, q3r, r8v, z5r-z6r, and A3v (the corrections taken from the Errata page i.e. F4r);  18th-century price ‘2:3:6’ on front free endpaper.
Decoration: None.
Imperfections: None. 

Woodcut illustrations in Hypnerotomachia Poliphili