Dr Francesca Scrinzi
- Senior Lecturer (Sociology)
telephone: 0141 330 4090
- Personal website: www.mwpweb.eu/FrancescaScrinzi
Since 2000, I have researched the issues of gender, racism and migrant labour, more specifically the intersections between the social divisions of care work, the restructuring of welfare state systems and international migration in comparative perspective in European societies. Care as a resource is unequally distributed in the world: on the one hand, middle-class women in affluent countries increasingly rely on migrant and racialised women to 'buy out' domestic and care work, in societies characterised by durable inequalities in the sexual division of labour and the restructuring of public care provision.
My ethnographic comparative study of migrant women's and men's employment in care jobs in France and Italy 13 (Genre, migrations et emplois domestiques en France et en Italie. Construction de la non qualification et de l’altérité ethnique (Gender, Migration and Domestic Labour in France and Italy. The Social Construction of Skill and Otherness), Éditions Pétra, Paris, 2013) addressed the international division of care work, by bringing together the restructuring of Welfare states and of the labour market, international migration and immigration policies, the changing patterns of the sexual division of work and those of women's employment in contemporary European societies. One original contribution of the book is to compare different forms of organisation of work relations, by examining the traditional household-based domestic service relationship between a private employer and an employee (in Italy) and care-givers working in non-profit associations providing home-based services (in France). Indeed, in recent years scholars have pointed to the necessity of incorporating into the analysis of the 'international care chains' other agents of social reproduction besides the households, such as the market, the non-profit sector, the Welfare State and immigration policies. More specifically, the book explores the interplay of social relations of gender, class and racism in training and recruitment practices, where ideas of 'cultural difference' and 'femininity' are embedded and negotiated. The cross-national comparative perspective sheds light on the different ways in which Otherness and 'skill' are socially constructed in two very different national context, characterised by specific care and gender regimes, migratory patterns, public policies, models of integration and forms of organisation of care work.
My research on migrant domestic labour and the international division of care work has responded to recent scholarly debates: researchers have expressed reservations about the narrow focus of existing studies. Most of these concerned only female labour and female employers within domestic service, and examined the traditional household-based domestic service while neglecting actors, institutions and settings of care work within the public sphere. My work successfully broke with these restrictions so as to broaden our definitions of the international division of care by including the issues of men’s work and masculinities (the monographic book Migrant Men, Masculinities and Domestic Labour. Men of the Home, co-authored with Ester Gallo, forthcoming in 2016 at Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan), and, further, by addressing migrants working as cleaners and care-givers within institutional and bureaucratised settings.
More recently, but building on this earlier research, I have started to investigate migrant women's collective mobilisations and how feminist politics deals with the challenge of migration, with particular regard to the issue of domestic labour. Very few studies examine the impact of migration on feminist practices and the role of migrant activists in Italy. These studies tend to downplay the organisation of domestic work and its impact on migrant women's political participation. Yet my research findings suggest that the organisation of domestic work heavily affects the political relationship between native and migrant women in Italy (see Grants).
Since 2010 I have worked on women’s activism and gender relations in the Italian anti-immigration party the Northern league. My current research focuses on the Northern League party (NL) in Italy and the National Front party (NF) in France (ERC – European Research Council, Starting Grant, 'Gendering Activism in Populist Radical Right Parties. A comparative study of women’s and men’s participation in the Northern League (Italy) and the National Front (France)’ 2012-2014).
As a Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research Fellow at the European University Institute of Florence (Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, Global Governance Programme), I am currently researching Evangelical migrants in Southern Europe, within the project funded by the European Commission titled MIGRANTCHRISTIANITY. Migration, Religion and Work in Comparative Perspective: Evangelical ‘ethnic churches’ in Southern Europe (2015-2017).
- Gendered migration, migrant women
- Racism, ethnicity and gender
- Migration and racism in contemporary France and Italy
- Women and work; the sexual division of labour
- Migrant domestic workers and the international division of care work
- Gender relations and anti-immigration activism in contemporary Europe
- Migrant and native women’s activism in contemporary Italy
- Migration and religion, migrant Christianity
- Evangelical migrants in Southern Europe
Current research project
How do Evangelical migrants use religion and church-related networks to seek employment, pursue social mobility, construct respectability and resist racism? How do Evangelical churches become 'brokers' of socio-economic integration of their members thus stakeholders in immigration countries? These are the main questions that this project seeks to answer. MIGRANTCHRISTIANITY investigates how migrant men and women from Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America make use of a minority religion in negotiating their social and economic integration in Europe.
More specifically, the project focuses on Ghanaian and Ecuadorian migrants in Italy and Spain. I investigate how migrants develop strategies of integration through the Evangelical churches and how such strategies are shaped by ethnicity, class, gender and age. I also look at how Evangelical churches act as 'brokers' of integration, in relation to employment but also with reference to a wider social positioning of the migrant as a 'minority Christian'. In doing so, my research contributes to our understanding of the role of minority religions in migrants' integration or marginalisation and how migration is reconfiguring the Italian and Spanish societies through the production of new understandings of Christianity that challenge the Catholic majority religion as well as dominant views of migrant religion as Islam only. The project brings together two hitherto separate strands of research – that on migrant labour and ethnicity, and on migration-driven Evangelical churches.
“MIGRANTCHRISTIANITY. Migration, Religion and Work in Comparative Perspective: Evangelical ‘ethnic churches’ in Southern Europe”, Marie Sklodowska-Curie fellowship of the European Commission, Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies/Global Governance Programme, European University Institute (2015-2017).
Gender Relations in Anti-Immigration Social Movements in Europe
"Gendering Activism in Populist Radical Right Parties: A Comparative Study of Women’s and Men’s Participation in The Northern League (Italy) and The National Front (France)", European Research Council, Starting grant, euros 228,674 (2012-2014)
2010, British Academy small grant, ‘Gendering the study of anti-immigration movements in Europe: women and men activists in the Northern League party in Italy’ (£1,756).
2010, Adam Smith Research Foundation Seedcorn grant, ‘Women’s associations and representations of gender in the Northern League party: a study of documentary sources’ (£1,200).
Migrant and Native Women's Activism in Contemporary Italy
An ethnographic study of migrant and native women's associations in Italy, British Academy small grant (£976, award n. SG110856), June-July 2012
‘Italian feminism and the challenge of international migration’, 10th June-10th July 2011, ethnographic study funded through Sociology Seedcorn funding, University of Glasgow.
- Laurea (BA) in Contemporary history, Genoa, Italy (1999)
- DEA (Diplôme d’Etudes Approfondies = MSc / MA) in Sociologie des Migrations et relations interethniques (Migrations and Ethnic Relations), Nice, France (2001)
- PhD in Sociology, Nice, France (2005)
- 2013, Visiting fellow, CEE - Centre d’études éuropéennes, Sciences Po, IEP - Institute for Political Studies, Paris, France
- 2013, Visiting professor, Department of Sociology, University of Milan Bicocca, Italy
- Postdoctoral fellow (CNRS, French National Centre for Scientific Research, 2006-2007)
- Consultant for UNESCO, Sector for Social and Human Sciences, International Migration and Multicultural Policies Section, Paris (2006)
- Assistant lecturer (allocataire monitrice), Department of Sociology, University of Nice, France (2001-2004)
Membership of Research Centres and Networks and Professional associations
- Associate member of PRESAGE - Programme de Recherche et d’Enseignement des SAvoirs sur le GEnre, Sciences Po, Paris
- Member of CRESPPA/GTM Genre Travail Mobilités (research centre on Gender Work Mobilities), National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS), Paris
- Member of Centre for Research on Racism, Ethnicity and Nationalism (CRREN), University of Glasgow
- Member of interdisciplinary Glasgow Refugee, Asylum and Migration Network (GRAMNet), University of Glasgow
- Member of the International Centre for Gender and Women's Studies (ICGWS), University of Glasgow
- Member of the network Genre, Classe, Race. Rapports sociaux et construction de l'altérité (Gender, “Race” and Class. Social relations and the Production of Otherness) of the AFS Association Française de Sociologie (French Association of Sociology)