Dr Jaime Toney

Jaime Toney
  • Lecturer in Organic Geochemistry (School of Geographical and Earth Sciences)

telephone: 0141 330 6864
email: Jaime.Toney@glasgow.ac.uk

Geographical and Earth Sciences
Room 513 Gregory Building


BECS (Biomarkers for Environmental and Climate Science) Research Group:

General Research Interests:

I use organic geochemistry as a tool to understand how the Earth system responds to climate change. Molecular fossils (biomarkers) are ubiquitous in sedimentary deposits and can often be applied in both marine and terrestrial environments, making them useful proxies for reconstructing environmental change. As an organic geochemist I collaborate with researchers in a number of different fields to generate multiproxy climate records. I also work with bioscientists to understand how/why organisms produce biomarkers and how those biomarkers relate to modern environmental parameters. 

Selected Projects:

The Eocene Greenhouse (~55 million years ago)

The early Eocene, 55 to 43 million years ago (Ma), is a potential analogue for the Earth’s climate response to anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Models project that early Eocene pCO2 concentrations (~1,000ppmv to >2,000ppmv) could be reached by as early as 2300 AD if left unabated. Recently, global climate models (GCMs) have reproduced the high surface temperatures (i.e. annual average ≅ 29°C) and reduced equator-to-pole temperature gradients of the early Eocene (see Huber and Caballero, 2011); however, the global carbon dynamics remain unconstrained by both GCMs and pCO2 proxies. I am analysing terrestrial biomarkers from the early Eocene section of core 1356A from the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 318 to understand the role of an ice-free Antarctica in the global carbon cycle in this greenhouse world.

Methane Emission from Modern Peatlands

Methane (CH4) is a potent greenhouse gas and the largest natural source of CH4 to the atmosphere is peatlands. I am currently developing terrestrial biomarkers that can be used to test how CH4 emissions changed during warm climates of the past, such as during the Medieval Warm Period (MWP, 950 to 1250 AD) or the Eocene greenhouse (55 million years ago).

Alkenones as a Proxy for Lake Temperature

Alkenones are globally abundant hydrocarbon lipids produced by haptophyte algae. Haptophytes produce large quantities of alkenones seasonally, not only in the oceans, but also in lakes. These lipids are utilised for reconstructing past surface ocean temperatures; however, the diversity of alkenone producers in lakes makes equivalent lake surface temperature reconstructions challenging. My research focuses on proxy development for using alkenones in lakes, including bettering our understanding of how the organism relates to the lipids that it produces.

All publications | View selected publications

List all by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2008 | 2006 | 2003
Number of items: 17.

2013

Theroux, Susanna, Toney, Jaime, Amaral-Zettler, Linda, and Huang, Yongsong (2013) Production and temperature sensitivity of long chain alkenones in the cultured haptophyte Pseudoisochrysis paradoxa. Organic Geochemistry, 62 . pp. 68-73. ISSN 0146-6380 (doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2013.07.006)

2012

Denis, E.H., Toney, J.L., Tarozo, R., and Scott Anderson, R. (2012) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in lake sediments record historic fire events: validation using HPLC-fluorescence detection. Organic Geochemistry, 45 . pp. 7-17. ISSN 0146-6380 (doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2012.01.005)

Toney, J.L., Theroux, S., Andersen, R.A., Coleman, A., Amaral-Zettler, L., and Huang, Y. (2012) Culturing of the first 37:4 predominant lacustrine haptophyte: geochemical, biochemical, and genetic implications. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 78 . pp. 51-64. ISSN 0016-7037 (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.11.024)

2011

Fawcett, P.J. et al. (2011) Extended megadroughts in the southwestern United States during Pleistocene interglacials. Nature, 470 (7335). pp. 518-521. ISSN 0028-0836 (doi:10.1038/nature09839)

Gao, L., Hou, J., Toney, J.L., MacDonald, D., and Huang, Y. (2011) Mathematical modeling of the aquatic macrophyte inputs of mid-chain n-alkyl lipids to lake sediments: implications for interpreting compound specific hydrogen isotopic records. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75 (13). pp. 3781-3791. ISSN 0016-7037 (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.04.008)

Jimenez-Moreno, G., Anderson, R.S., Atudorei, V., and Toney, J.L. (2011) A high-resolution record of climate, vegetation, and fire in the mixed conifer forest of northern Colorado, USA. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 123 (1-2). pp. 240-254. ISSN 0016-7606 (doi:10.1130/B30240.1)

Toney, J., Hollen, S.H., Bissacio, D., Haberstroh, K.M., and Herbert, T.D. (2011) Incorporating science standards into problem based learning modules for elementary learners. Science and Children, 48 (9).

Toney, J.L., Leavitt, P.R., and Huang, Y. (2011) Alkenones are common in prairie lakes of interior Canada. Organic Geochemistry, 42 (7). pp. 707-712. ISSN 0146-6380 (doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2011.06.014)

2010

Theroux, S., D'Andrea, W.J., Toney, J.L., Amaral-Zettler, L., and Huang, Y. (2010) Phylogenetic diversity and evolutionary relatedness of alkenone-producing haptophyte algae in lakes: implications for continental paleotemperature reconstructions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 300 (3-4). pp. 311-320. ISSN 0012-821X (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.10.009)

Toney, J.L., Huang, Y., Fritz, S.C., Baker, P.A., Grimm, E., and Nyren, P. (2010) Climatic and environmental controls on the occurrence and distributions of long chain alkenones in lakes of the interior United States. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74 (5). pp. 1563-1578. ISSN 0016-7037 (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2009.11.021)

2008

Allen, C.D., Anderson, RS., Jass, R.B., Toney, J.L., and Baisan, C.H. (2008) Paired charcoal and tree-ring records of high-frequency Holocene fire from two New Mexico bog sites. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 17 (1). pp. 115-130. ISSN 1049-8001 (doi:10.1071/WF07165)

Anderson, R.S., Allen, C.D., Toney, J.L., Jass, R.B., and Bair, A.N. (2008) Holocene vegetation and fire regimes in subalpine and mixed conifer forests, southern Rocky Mountains, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 17 (1). p. 96. ISSN 1049-8001 (doi:10.1071/WF07028)

Anderson, R.S., Jass, R.B., Toney, J.L., Allen, C.D., Cisneros-Dozal, L.M., Hess, M., Heikoop, J., and Fessenden, J. (2008) Development of the mixed conifer forest in northern New Mexico and its relationship to Holocene environmental change. Quaternary Research, 69 (2). pp. 263-275. ISSN 0033-5894 (doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2007.12.002)

Power, M.J. et al. (2008) Changes in fire regimes since the last glacial maximum: an assessment based on a global synthesis and analysis of charcoal data. Climate Dynamics, 30 (7-8). pp. 887-907. ISSN 0930-7575 (doi:10.1007/s00382-007-0334-x)

2006

Anderson, R.S., Hallett, D.J., Berg, E., Jass, R.B., Toney, J.L., de Fontaine, C.S., and DeVolder, A. (2006) Holocene development of Boreal forests and fire regimes on the Kenai Lowlands of Alaska. Holocene, 16 (6). pp. 791-803. ISSN 0959-6836 (doi:10.1191/0959683606hol966rp)

Toney, J.L., and Anderson, R.S. (2006) A postglacial palaeoecological record from the San Juan Mountains of Colorado USA: fire, climate and vegetation history. Holocene, 16 (4). pp. 505-517. ISSN 0959-6836 (doi:10.1191/0959683606hl946rp)

2003

Toney, J.L., Rodbell, D.T., and Miller, N.G. (2003) Sedimentologic and palynologic records of the last deglaciation and Holocene from Ballston Lake, New York. Quaternary Research, 60 (2). pp. 189-199. ISSN 0033-5894 (doi:10.1016/S0033-5894(03)00093-0)

This list was generated on Tue Jul 22 11:04:01 2014 BST.
Jump to: Article
Number of items: 17.

Article

Theroux, Susanna, Toney, Jaime, Amaral-Zettler, Linda, and Huang, Yongsong (2013) Production and temperature sensitivity of long chain alkenones in the cultured haptophyte Pseudoisochrysis paradoxa. Organic Geochemistry, 62 . pp. 68-73. ISSN 0146-6380 (doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2013.07.006)

Denis, E.H., Toney, J.L., Tarozo, R., and Scott Anderson, R. (2012) Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in lake sediments record historic fire events: validation using HPLC-fluorescence detection. Organic Geochemistry, 45 . pp. 7-17. ISSN 0146-6380 (doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2012.01.005)

Toney, J.L., Theroux, S., Andersen, R.A., Coleman, A., Amaral-Zettler, L., and Huang, Y. (2012) Culturing of the first 37:4 predominant lacustrine haptophyte: geochemical, biochemical, and genetic implications. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 78 . pp. 51-64. ISSN 0016-7037 (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.11.024)

Fawcett, P.J. et al. (2011) Extended megadroughts in the southwestern United States during Pleistocene interglacials. Nature, 470 (7335). pp. 518-521. ISSN 0028-0836 (doi:10.1038/nature09839)

Gao, L., Hou, J., Toney, J.L., MacDonald, D., and Huang, Y. (2011) Mathematical modeling of the aquatic macrophyte inputs of mid-chain n-alkyl lipids to lake sediments: implications for interpreting compound specific hydrogen isotopic records. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75 (13). pp. 3781-3791. ISSN 0016-7037 (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2011.04.008)

Jimenez-Moreno, G., Anderson, R.S., Atudorei, V., and Toney, J.L. (2011) A high-resolution record of climate, vegetation, and fire in the mixed conifer forest of northern Colorado, USA. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 123 (1-2). pp. 240-254. ISSN 0016-7606 (doi:10.1130/B30240.1)

Toney, J., Hollen, S.H., Bissacio, D., Haberstroh, K.M., and Herbert, T.D. (2011) Incorporating science standards into problem based learning modules for elementary learners. Science and Children, 48 (9).

Toney, J.L., Leavitt, P.R., and Huang, Y. (2011) Alkenones are common in prairie lakes of interior Canada. Organic Geochemistry, 42 (7). pp. 707-712. ISSN 0146-6380 (doi:10.1016/j.orggeochem.2011.06.014)

Theroux, S., D'Andrea, W.J., Toney, J.L., Amaral-Zettler, L., and Huang, Y. (2010) Phylogenetic diversity and evolutionary relatedness of alkenone-producing haptophyte algae in lakes: implications for continental paleotemperature reconstructions. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 300 (3-4). pp. 311-320. ISSN 0012-821X (doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.10.009)

Toney, J.L., Huang, Y., Fritz, S.C., Baker, P.A., Grimm, E., and Nyren, P. (2010) Climatic and environmental controls on the occurrence and distributions of long chain alkenones in lakes of the interior United States. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 74 (5). pp. 1563-1578. ISSN 0016-7037 (doi:10.1016/j.gca.2009.11.021)

Allen, C.D., Anderson, RS., Jass, R.B., Toney, J.L., and Baisan, C.H. (2008) Paired charcoal and tree-ring records of high-frequency Holocene fire from two New Mexico bog sites. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 17 (1). pp. 115-130. ISSN 1049-8001 (doi:10.1071/WF07165)

Anderson, R.S., Allen, C.D., Toney, J.L., Jass, R.B., and Bair, A.N. (2008) Holocene vegetation and fire regimes in subalpine and mixed conifer forests, southern Rocky Mountains, USA. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 17 (1). p. 96. ISSN 1049-8001 (doi:10.1071/WF07028)

Anderson, R.S., Jass, R.B., Toney, J.L., Allen, C.D., Cisneros-Dozal, L.M., Hess, M., Heikoop, J., and Fessenden, J. (2008) Development of the mixed conifer forest in northern New Mexico and its relationship to Holocene environmental change. Quaternary Research, 69 (2). pp. 263-275. ISSN 0033-5894 (doi:10.1016/j.yqres.2007.12.002)

Power, M.J. et al. (2008) Changes in fire regimes since the last glacial maximum: an assessment based on a global synthesis and analysis of charcoal data. Climate Dynamics, 30 (7-8). pp. 887-907. ISSN 0930-7575 (doi:10.1007/s00382-007-0334-x)

Anderson, R.S., Hallett, D.J., Berg, E., Jass, R.B., Toney, J.L., de Fontaine, C.S., and DeVolder, A. (2006) Holocene development of Boreal forests and fire regimes on the Kenai Lowlands of Alaska. Holocene, 16 (6). pp. 791-803. ISSN 0959-6836 (doi:10.1191/0959683606hol966rp)

Toney, J.L., and Anderson, R.S. (2006) A postglacial palaeoecological record from the San Juan Mountains of Colorado USA: fire, climate and vegetation history. Holocene, 16 (4). pp. 505-517. ISSN 0959-6836 (doi:10.1191/0959683606hl946rp)

Toney, J.L., Rodbell, D.T., and Miller, N.G. (2003) Sedimentologic and palynologic records of the last deglaciation and Holocene from Ballston Lake, New York. Quaternary Research, 60 (2). pp. 189-199. ISSN 0033-5894 (doi:10.1016/S0033-5894(03)00093-0)

This list was generated on Tue Jul 22 11:04:01 2014 BST.

Selected Funding:

Phoenix, V., Toney, J.L., and Quince, C. (2013) UK Space Agency - Aurora Programme, "Preservation and detection of molecular signatures of life under cold, high-solar flux, liquid-water-unstable conditions".

Toney, J.L. (2013) Carnegie Small Research Grant, "Gauging North Atlantic climate change through palaeoclimate lake records".

Toney, J.L. (2012) SAGES Theme 2 research enabling fund, “Detecting methane emissions from peatlands during the past millennium using methanotroph biomarkers”.

Jimenez-Moreno, G. (2011) El Cambio Climático en el Sur de la Península Ibérica: Reconstrucción Basada en Sedimentos Lacustres del Parque Nacional de Sierra Nevada. Budget for organic biomarkers to JLT.

Toney, J.L. (2011) International Partnership Development Funding – University of Glasgow for collaboration initiation with Dr. Yoshihiro Shiraiwa at Tsukuba University, Japan.

Toney, J.L. and Seki, O. (2011) The Great Britain Sasakawa Foundation grant for field work in Hokkaido, Japan.

Toney, J.L. (2010-2011) Brown University Graduate School – Dissertation Fellowship.

Toney, J.L. (2011) Consortium for Ocean Leadership – Grant to attend ‘IODP Early Career Workshop’.

Toney, J.L. (2010) NSF Scholarship to attend Urbino Summer School on Paleoclimatology.

Lead Superviser Ph.D. Candidate:

Jill McColl - University of Glasgow, School of Geographical and Earth Sciences."Climate variability of the last 1000 years in the NW Pacific: high resolution, multi-biomarker records from lake and ocean sediments." 

Current Undergraduate Projects, Bursary Students, and Prize GES Interns:

Amanda Dolan - Prize GES intern: 'Detecting marine dinoflagellates in geologic deposits in the absence of traditional fossils'

Clare Brady - Prize GES intern: 'Assaying for environmental biomarkers from Late Pleistocene age Scottish Loch'

Former Undergraduate Projects and Bursary Students:

Craig Barr - Final year project: 'Discovery of organic molecular fossils in the Southern Ocean during the Eocene (55 Ma) greenhouse'

Julia Rodden - Final year project: 'The role of a Japanese peatland in the carbon cycle'

Charlotte McLean - GSL Bursary project: 'The role of peatland expansion and methane cycling on the East Antarctic continent in the early Eocene'

William Vorley - Final year project: 'Lions Mane (Cyanea capilla) and Moon Jellyfish (Aurelia aurita) Biomarker Assay'

Daniella Peel - Final year project: 'Transport and deposition of bacterial hopane biomarkers in Siberian fluvial and lacustrine settings'

Casey Bryce - Bursary work on sediment cores, haptophyte cultures, and water column sampling at Loch Sunart, Scotland, UK

Elizabeth Denis - Honors Thesis, Brown University, US 'Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in lake sediments record historic fire events: Validation using HPLC-fluorescence detection'

Lectured courses:

Palaeoclimates

Mesozoic Stratigraphy

Sequence Stratigraphy

Scarborough - residential field course

Meeting Organisation:

  • Co-organized ‘The First International Joint Meeting of Alkenone Bioscience and Geoscience’, July 2012, Tsukuba, Japan at the University of Tsukuba.

Session Chair:

  • EGU Annual Meeting (2012), session: ‘Cenozoic greenhouse climates and carbon cycle dynamics’
  • AGU Fall Meeting (2010), session: ‘Breakthroughs in continental paleothermometry: Applications of terrestrial proxies’

Committees:

  • Team member for application to Athena Swan Bronze status at the University of Glasgow.
  • Graduate Representative for Earth Systems History to Dept. of Geological Sciences faculty meetings (2010-2011), Brown University
  • Graduate Representative for Quaternary Sciences at the University Graduate Committee, (2001-2002) Northern Arizona University

Other:

  • Scottish Crucible Participant (2013)
  • Reviewer for a number of international journals.
  • Proposal peer review NASA.
  • Earth Science Women’s Network – European Board Member
  • EGU Women in Geosciences Mentor
  • STEM Ambassador for Science Outreach, U.K. (2012)

Workshops and Short Courses:

  • 2012 Dinocyst Course, Utrecht, Netherlands.
  • 2010 Urbino Summer School on Paleoclimatology

Links to Outreach Activities: