Prof Mike Lean

Prof Mike Lean
  • Chair of Human Nutrition (Human Nutrition)

telephone: 01412018503
email: Mike.Lean@glasgow.ac.uk

R2.19, Level 2
New Lister Building
10-16 Alexandra Parade
Royal Infirmary


Research Profile

My research, and related PhD training programmes, encompass the wide range of molecular, clinical and public health aspects of Human Nutrition, a body of integrated sciences underpinning all biomedical and health research.  

human nutrition
is what we are
and how we are
underpinning all biomedical and health research
at glasgow

Human Nutrition research always aims to inform, and change, practice and policy.  It has impacts for ordinary people, and for commercial activities as well as health policies. It is funded from government agencies, Research Councils, charities and commercial companies, and is usually collaborative.  The main major focuses are on obesity/diabetes/cardiovascular risk, and on certain micronutrients, such as iodine and plant-food products; particularly to establish metabolic pathways and functions of phenolics.  I have published some 400 peer-reviewed research papers.  H-Index = 72 (50 since 2009)

Current research activity includes: (1) Pre-clinical/Laboratory: studies to demonstrate the subtle long term effects of free-radicals on protein glycation and tissue damage, and the protective roles of dietary antioxidant and anti-inflammatory plant-products in human diets.  (2) Clinical: both pharmaceutical and dietary trials eg the Diabetes Remission Controlled Trial (DiRECT), the largest study ever funded by Diabetes UK, collaborating with Prof Roy Taylor, Newcastle.  It builds on my role as founder of the UK Counterweight Programme, to develop and evaluate cost-effective weight management, for implementation in routine NHS primary care.  (3) Public Health Nutrition: secondary analyses of large health survey databases, and development of innovative new health promotion interventions to prevent weight gain in young people.

Notable recent advances from my research have included:
International adoption, by WHO, International Diabetes Federation and most national Diabetes and Heart Disease agencies world-wide, of the Waist Circumference cut-offs, which I originally developed  as ‘Action-Levels’ for Health Promotion, and as diagnostic criteria for Metabolic Syndrome.  

Innovative analyses of large from Health Survey data-bases, demonstrating not only alarming increases in obesity, but new and worryingly rapid rises in waist circumferences, continuing into old age.  These recent dramatic changes in human shapes with age indicate continuing increases in body fat but loss of muscle (sarcopenia), which predict major rises in diabetes, and physical frailty despite obesity.  A new international collaborative project is under review.

Development of new simple methods to estimate both body fat and whole-body muscle-mass, using measurements which can be made easily in clinical practice and in health surveys.  These measurements will allow clinicians and future health survey analyses to distinguish between changes in body fat and muscle, which cannot be differentiated using BMI but which have very different health implications.

In 2013, having demonstrated the nutritionally chaotic nature of supermarket ready-meals, we developed the world’s first fully nutritionally balanced ready-meal, exactly matching dietary guidelines,  by adapting a traditional pizza recipe to contain 1/3 of the daily requirement of all essential nutrients,  vitamins and minerals .  This is now commercially available in a variety of outlets in several countries, as an example to the food industry of applied nutrition research, to achieve ‘Health by Stealth’, using a product which still looks and tastes exactly like a very nice pizza. www.eatbalanced.com

List all by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 | 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 | 2001 | 2000
Number of items: 170.

2014

Combet, E., and Lean, M.E.J. (2014) Validation of a short food frequency questionnaire specific for iodine in UK females of childbearing age. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics . ISSN 0952-3871 (doi:10.1111/jhn.12219) (Early Online Publication)

Combet Aspray, Emilie, Jarlot, Amandine, Aidoo, Kofi E., and Lean, Michael E. J. (2014) Development of a nutritionally balanced pizza as a functional meal designed to meet published dietary guidelines. Public Health Nutrition . pp. 1-10. ISSN 1368-9800 (doi:10.1017/S1368980013002814) (Early Online Publication)

Vlassopoulos, A., Combet , E., and Lean, M.E.J. (2014) Changing distributions of body size and adiposity with age. International Journal of Obesity . ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/ijo.2013.216) (Early Online Publication)

Wallia, S. et al. (2014) Culturally adapting the prevention of diabetes and obesity in South Asians (PODOSA) trial. Health Promotion International . ISSN 0957-4824 (doi:10.1093/heapro/dat015) (Early Online Publication)

2013

Leslie, W.S., Woodward, M., Lean, M.E.J., Theobald, H., Watson, L., and Hankey, C.R. (2013) Improving the dietary intake of undernourished older people in residential care homes using an energy-enriching food approach: a cluster randomised controlled study. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 26 (4). pp. 387-394. ISSN 0952-3871 (doi:10.1111/jhn.12020)

Han, T.S., Wu, F.C.W., and Lean, M.E.J. (2013) Obesity and weight management in the elderly: a focus on men. Best Practice and Research: Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 27 (4). pp. 509-525. ISSN 1521-690X (doi:10.1016/j.beem.2013.04.012)

Leslie, W.S., Woodward, M., Lean, M.E.J., Theobald, H., Watson, L., and Hankey, C.R. (2013) Improving the dietary intake of under nourished older people in residential care homes using an energy-enriching food approach: a cluster randomised controlled study. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 26 (4). pp. 387-394. ISSN 0952-3871 (doi:10.1111/jhn.12020)

Tigbe, W.W., Briggs, A.H., and Lean, M.E.J. (2013) A patient-centred approach to estimate total annual healthcare cost by body mass index in the UK Counterweight programme. International Journal of Obesity, 37 (8). pp. 1135-1139. ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.186)

Vlassopoulos, A., Lean, M.E.J., and Combet, E. (2013) Role of oxidative stress in physiological albumin glycation: a neglected interaction. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 60 . pp. 318-324. ISSN 0891-5849 (doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.03.010)

Lean, M.E.J., Katsarou, C., McLoone, P., and Morrison, D. (2013) Changes in BMI and waist circumference in Scottish adults: use of repeated cross-sectional surveys to explore multiple age groups and birth-cohorts. International Journal of Obesity, 37 (6). pp. 800-808. ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.122)

Ohlsson, C. et al. (2013) Comparisons of immunoassay and mass spectrometry measurements of serum estradiol levels and their influence on clinical association studies in men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 98 (6). E1097. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2012-3861)

McKenna, Louise A., Drummond, Russell S., Drummond, Suzannah, Talwar, Dinesh , and Lean, Michael E.J. (2013) Seeing double: the low-carb diet. British Medical Journal, 2013 (346). f2563. ISSN 0959-8138 (doi:10.1136/bmj.f2563) (In Press)

Leslie, W.S., Comrie, F., Lean, M.E.J., and Hankey, C.R. (2013) Designing the eatwell week: the application of eatwell plate advice to weekly food intake. Public Health Nutrition, 16 (05). pp. 795-802. ISSN 1368-9800 (doi:10.1017/S1368980012004193)

Vanderschueren, D. et al. (2013) Active vitamin D (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D) and bone health in middle-aged and elderly men: the European male aging study (EMAS). Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 98 (3). pp. 995-1005. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2012-2772)

Camacho, E.M. et al. (2013) Age-associated changes in hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular function in middle-aged and older men are modified by weight change and lifestyle factors: longitudinal results from the European male ageing study. European Journal of Endocrinology, 168 (3). pp. 445-455. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-12-0890)

Lean, M.E.J. et al. (2013) Feasibility and indicative results from a 12 month low-energy-liquid-diet treatment and maintenance programme for severe obesity. British Journal of General Practice, 63 (607). pp. 115-124. ISSN 0960-1643 (doi:10.3399/bjgp13X663073)

Borges, G., Lean, M.E.J., Roberts, S.A., and Crozier, A. (2013) Bioavailability of dietary (poly)phenols: a study with ileostomists to discriminate between absorption in small and large intestine. Food and Function, 2013 (4). pp. 754-762. ISSN 2042-6496 (doi:10.1039/c3fo60024f)

Grieve, E., Fenwick, E., Yang, H.-C., and Lean, M. (2013) The disproportionate economic burden associated with severe and complicated obesity: a systematic review. Obesity Reviews, 14 (11). pp. 883-894. ISSN 1467-7881 (doi:10.1111/obr.12059)

Lean, M.I.F.A., Lean, M.E.J., Yajnik, C.S., Bhat, D., Joshi, S.M., Raut, D.A., Lubree, H.G., and Combet, E. (2013) Iodine status during pregnancy in India and related neonatal and infant outcomes. Public Health Nutrition . ISSN 1368-9800 (doi:10.1017/S1368980013001201 )

Rutter, M.K. et al. (2013) Epidemiological evidence against a role for C-reactive protein causing leptin resistance. European Journal of Endocrinology, 168 (1). pp. 101-106. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-12-0348)

Vlassopoulos, A., Lean, M.E.J., and Combet, E. (2013) Influence of smoking and diet on glycated haemoglobin and 'pre-diabetes' categorisation: a cross-sectional analysis. BMC Public Health, 13 (1013). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-1013)

2012

Celnik, D., Gillespie, L., and Lean, M.E.J. (2012) Time-scarcity, ready-meals, ill-health and the obesity epidemic. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 27 (1). pp. 4-11. ISSN 0924-2244 (doi:10.1016/j.tifs.2012.06.001)

Brown, G., Lean, M.E.J., and Hankey, C.R. (2012) Reproducibility of twenty-four hour post exercise changes in energy intake in overweight and obese women using current methodology. British Journal of Nutrition, 108 (02). pp. 191-194. ISSN 0007-1145 (doi:10.1017/S0007114511005575)

Huhtaniemi, I.T. et al. (2012) Comparison of serum testosterone and estradiol measurements in 3174 European men using platform immunoassay and mass spectrometry; relevance for the diagnostics in aging men. European Journal of Endocrinology, 166 (6). pp. 983-991. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-11-1051)

Lee, D.M. et al. (2012) Association of hypogonadism with vitamin D status: the European Male Ageing Study. European Journal of Endocrinology, 166 (1). pp. 77-85. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-11-0743)

Johnson, P.C.D., Logue, J., McConnachie, A., Abu-Rmeileh, N.M.E., Hart, C., Upton, M.N., Lean, M.E.J., Sattar, N., and Watt, G. (2012) Intergenerational change and familial aggregation of body mass index. European Journal of Epidemiology, 27 (1). pp. 53-61. ISSN 0393-2990 (doi:10.1007/s10654-011-9639-5)

Astrup, A. et al. (2012) Safety, tolerability and sustained weight loss over 2 years with the once-daily human GLP-1 analog, liraglutide. International Journal of Obesity, 36 (6). pp. 843-854. ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/ijo.2011.158)

Corona, G. et al. (2012) Thyroid hormones and male sexual function. International Journal of Andrology, 35 (5). pp. 668-679. ISSN 0105-6263 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2605.2012.01266.x)

Crozier, T.W.M., Stalmach, A., Lean, M.E.J., and Crozier, A. (2012) Espresso coffees, caffeine and chlorogenic acid intake: potential health implications. Food and Function, 3 (1). pp. 30-33. ISSN 2042-6496 (doi:10.1039/C1FO10240K)

Koshy, P., Mackenzie, M., Leslie, W., Lean, M., and Hankey, C. (2012) Eating the elephant whole or in slices: views of participants in a smoking cessation intervention trial on multiple behaviour changes as sequential or concurrent tasks. BMC Public Health, 12 (500). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-500)

Lean, M., and Crozier, A. (2012) Coffee, caffeine and health: What's in your cup? Maturitas, 72 (3). pp. 171-172. ISSN 0378-5122 (doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2012.04.005)

Lean, M.E.J., Ashihara, H., Clifford, M., and Crozier, A. (2012) Teas, cocoa and coffee. In: Crozier, A, Ashihara, H and Tomas-Barberan, F (eds.) Teas, Cocoa and Coffee: Plant secondary metabolites and health. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, UK, pp. 25-44. ISBN 9781444334418

Lean, M.E.J., Ashihara, H., Clifford, M.N., and Crozier, A. (2012) Purine alkaloids: a focus on caffeine and related compounds in beverages. In: Crozier, A., Ashihara, H. and Tomás-Barbéran, F. (eds.) Teas, Cocoa and Coffee: Plant Secondary Metabolites and Health. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK, pp. 25-44. ISBN 9781444334418

Leslie, W.S., Koshy, P.R., Mackenzie, M., Murray, H.M., Boyle, S., Lean, M.E.J., Walker, A., and Hankey, C.R. (2012) Changes in body weight and food choice in those attempting smoking cessation: a cluster randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 12 (389). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-389)

Tajar, A. et al. (2012) Characteristics of androgen deficiency in late-onset hypogonadism: results from the European Male Aging Study (EMAS). Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 97 (5). pp. 1508-1516. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2011-2513)

2011

O'Connor, D.B. et al. (2011) The relationships between sex hormones and sexual function in middle-aged and older European men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 96 (10). e1577-e1587. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2010-2216)

Lee, D.M. et al. (2011) Lower vitamin D levels are associated with depression among community-dwelling European men. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 25 (10). pp. 1320-1328. ISSN 0269-8811 (doi:10.1177/0269881110379287)

Abu-Rmeileh, N.M.E., Watt, G., and Lean, M.E.J. (2011) Sex distribution of offspring-parents obesity: Angel's hypothesis revisited. Human Biology, 83 (4). pp. 523-530. ISSN 0018-7143 (doi:10.3378/027.083.0406)

Han, T.S. et al. (2011) Impaired quality of life and sexual function in overweight and obese men: the European Male Ageing Study. European Journal of Endocrinology, 164 (6). pp. 1003-1011. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-10-1129)

Tajar, A et al. (2011) The effect of musculoskeletal pain on sexual function in middle-aged and elderly European men: results from the European Male Ageing Study. Journal of Rheumatology, 38 (2). pp. 370-377. ISSN 0315-162X (doi:10.3899/jrheum.100604)

Combet, E., Lean, M.E.J., Boyle, J.G., Crozier, A., and Davidson, D.F. (2011) Dietary flavonols contribute to false-positive elevation of homovanillic acid, a marker of catecholamine-secreting tumours. Clinica Chimica Acta, 412 (1-2). pp. 165-169. ISSN 0009-8981 (doi:10.1016/j.cca.2010.09.037)

Boonen, S. et al. (2011) Influence of bone remodelling rate on quantitative ultrasound parameters at the calcaneus and DXA BMDa of the hip and spine in middle-aged and elderly European men: the European Male Ageing Study (EMAS). European Journal of Endocrinology, 165 (6). pp. 977-986. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-11-0353)

Gill, J.M.R. et al. (2011) Sitting time and waist circumference are associated with glycemia in U.K. South Asians: data from 1,228 adults screened for the PODOSA trial. Diabetes Care, 34 (5). pp. 1214-1218. ISSN 0149-5992 (doi:10.2337/dc10-2313)

Han, T.S., Tajar, A., and Lean, M.E.J. (2011) Obesity and weight management in the elderly. British Medical Bulletin, 97 (1). pp. 169-196. ISSN 0007-1420 (doi:10.1093/bmb/ldr002)

Holliday, Kate L. et al. (2011) The ESR1 (6q25) locus is associated with calcaneal ultrasound parameters and radial volumetric bone mineral density in European men. PLoS ONE, 6 (7). e22037. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022037)

Lean, M. (2011) VLED and formula LED in the management of type 2 diabetes: defining the clinical need and research requirements. Clinical Obesity , 1 (1). pp. 41-49. ISSN 1758-8111 (doi:10.1111/j.1758-8111.2010.00007.x)

Roshandel, D. et al. (2011) Influence of polymorphisms in the RANKL/RANK/OPG signaling pathway on volumetric bone mineral density and bone geometry at the forearm in men. Calcified Tissue International, 89 (6). pp. 446-455. ISSN 0171-967X (doi:10.1007/s00223-011-9532-y)

Roshandel, D. et al. (2011) A validation of the first genome-wide association study of calcaneus ultrasound parameters in the European Male Ageing Study. BMC Medical Genetics, 12 . p. 19. ISSN 1471-2350 (doi:10.1186/1471-2350-12-19)

Roshandel, D. et al. (2011) Polymorphisms in genes involved in the NF-κB signalling pathway are associated with bone mineral density, geometry and turnover in men. PLoS ONE, 6 (11). e28031. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0028031)

Tajar, A. et al. (2011) Frailty in Relation to Variations in Hormone Levels of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular Axis in Older Men: Results From the European Male Aging Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 59 (5). pp. 814-821. ISSN 0002-8614 (doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03398.x)

Tigbe, W.W., Lean, M.E.J., and Granat, M.H. (2011) A physically active occupation does not result in compensatory inactivity during out-of-work hours. Preventive Medicine, 53 (1-2). pp. 48-52. ISSN 0091-7435 (doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.04.018)

Ward, K.A. et al. (2011) Influence of age and sex steroids on bone density and geometry in middle-aged and elderly European men. Osteoporosis International, 22 (5). pp. 1513-1523. ISSN 0937-941X (doi:10.1007/s00198-010-1437-5)

2010

Lee, D.M. et al. (2010) Chronic widespread pain is associated with slower cognitive processing speed in middle-aged and older European men. Pain, 151 (1). pp. 30-36. ISSN 0304-3959 (doi:10.1016/j.pain.2010.04.024)

Vanderschueren, D et al. (2010) Gonadal sex steroid status and bone health in middle aged and elderly European men. Osteoporosis International, 21 (8). pp. 1331-1339. ISSN 0937-941X

Borges, G., Mullen, W., Mullan, A., Lean, M., Roberts, S., and Crozier, A. (2010) Bioavailability of multiple components following acute ingestion of a polyphenol-rich juice drink. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 54 (S2). S268-S277. ISSN 1613-4125 (doi:10.1002/mnfr.200900611)

Wu, F.C.W. et al. (2010) Identification of late-onset hypogonadism in middle-aged and elderly men. New England Journal of Medicine, 363 (2). pp. 123-135. ISSN 0028-4793 (doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0911101)

Haynes, S et al. (2010) Long-term cost-effectiveness of weight management in primary care. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 64 (6). pp. 775-783. ISSN 1368-5031 (doi:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2010.02349.x)

Del Rio, D., Costa, L.G., Lean, M.E.J., and Crozier, A. (2010) Polyphenols and health: what compounds are involved? Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 20 (1). pp. 1-6. ISSN 0939-4753 (doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2009.05.015)

Corona, G et al. (2010) Age-related changes in general and sexual health in middle-aged and older men: results from the European Male Ageing Study (EMAS). Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7 (4). pp. 1362-1380. (doi:10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01601.x)

Del Rio, D., Costa, L.G., Lean, M.E.J., and Crozier, A. (2010) Polyphenols and health: What compounds are involved? Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 20 (1). pp. 1-6. ISSN 0939-4753 (doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2009.05.015)

Huhtaniemi, IT et al. (2010) Effect of polymorphisms in selected genes involved in pituitary-testicular function on reproductive hormones and phenotype in aging men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95 (4). pp. 1898-1908. ISSN 0021-972X

Lean, M. E. J., Reckless, J. P. D., Finer, N., and McCombie, L. (2010) Counterweight - counter-cost, counter-loss. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 64 (6). pp. 828-829. ISSN 1368-5031 (doi:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2010.02400.x)

Lean, M. (2010) Health consequences of overweight and obesity in adults. In: Crawford, D., Jeffery, R., Ball, K. and Brug, J. (eds.) Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 43-58. ISBN 9780199571512

Lean, M.E.J. (2010) Childhood obesity: time to shrink a parent. International Journal of Obesity, 34 (1). pp. 1-3. ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/ijo.2009.200)

Lee, D.M. et al. (2010) Endogenous hormones, androgen receptor CAG repeat length and fluid cognition in middle-aged and older men: results from the European Male Ageing Study. European Journal of Endocrinology, 162 (6). pp. 1155-1164. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-09-0970)

McBeth, J. et al. (2010) Musculoskeletal pain is associated with very low levels of vitamin D in men: results from the European Male Ageing Study. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 69 . pp. 1448-1452. ISSN 0003-4967 (doi:10.1136/ard.2009.116053)

Mullen, W., Borges, G., Lean, M.E.J., Roberts, S.A., and Crozier, A. (2010) Identification of metabolites in human plasma and urine after consumption of a polyphenol-rich juice drink. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58 (4). pp. 2586-2595. ISSN 0021-8561 (doi:10.1021/jf904096v)

Pye , SR et al. (2010) Influence of lifestyle factors on quantitative heel ultrasound measurements in middle-aged and elderly men: results from the European Male Aging Study (EMAS). Calcified Tissue International, 86 (3). pp. 211-219. ISSN 0171-967X

Roowi, S., Stalmach, A., Mullen, W., Lean, M., Edwards, C.A., and Crozier, A. (2010) Green tea flavan-3-ols: colonic degradation and urinary excretion of catabolites by humans. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58 (2). pp. 1296-1304. ISSN 0021-8561 (doi:10.1021/jf9032975)

Roshandel, D et al. (2010) Genetic variation in the RANK/RANK/OPG signalling pathway is associated with bone turnover and bone mineral density in men. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 25 (8). pp. 1830-1838. ISSN 0884-0431 (doi:10.1002/JBMR.78)

Rouanet, J.-M., Décordé, K., Rio, D.D., Auger, C., Borges, G., Cristol, J.P., Lean, M.E.J., and Crozier, A. (2010) Berry juices, teas, antioxidants and the prevention of atherosclerosis in hamsters. Food Chemistry, 118 (2). pp. 266-271. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.04.116)

Tajar, A. et al. (2010) Characteristics of Secondary, Primary, and Compensated Hypogonadism in Aging Men: Evidence from the European Male Ageing Study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95 (4). pp. 1810-1818. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2009-1796)

Tajar , A. et al. (2010) Characteristics of primary, secondary and compensated hypogonadism in ageing men: evidence from the European Male Ageing Study (EMAS). Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95 (4). pp. 1810-1818. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2009-1796)

Trueman, P. et al. (2010) Long-term cost-effectiveness of weight management in primary care. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 64 (6). pp. 775-783. ISSN 1368-5031 (doi:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2010.02349.x)

2009

Astrup, A., Rossner, S., Van Goal, L., Rissanen, A., Niskanen, L., Al Hakim, M., Madsen, J., Rasmussen, M.F., and Lean, M.E.J. (2009) Effects of liraglutide in the treatment of obesity: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Lancet, 374 (9701). pp. 1606-1616. ISSN 0140-6736 (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61375-1)

Jaganath, I.B., Mullen, W., Lean, M., Edwards, C.A., and Crozier, A. (2009) In vitro catabolism of rutin by human fecal bacteria and the antioxidant capacity of its catabolites. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 47 (8). pp. 1180-1189. ISSN 0891-5849 (doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.07.031)

Macfarlane, GJ et al. (2009) Investigating the determinants of international differences in the prevalence of chronic widespread pain: evidence from the European Male Ageing Study. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 68 (5). pp. 690-695. ISSN 0003-4967 (doi:10.1136/ard.2008.089417)

Lee, D et al. (2009) Vitamin D parathyroid hormone and the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older European men. European Journal of Endocrinology, 161 (6). pp. 947-954. ISSN 0804-4643

Mackenzie, M., Koshy, P., Leslie, W., Lean, M., and Hankey, C. (2009) Getting beyond outcomes: a realist approach to help understand the impact of nutritional intervention during smoking cessation. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 63 (9). pp. 1136-1142. ISSN 0954-3007 (doi:10.1038/ejcn.2009.38)

McBeth, J et al. (2009) Perturbed insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and IGF binding protein-3 are not associated with chronic widespread pain in men: results from the European Male Ageing Study. Journal of Rheumatology, 36 (11). pp. 2523-2530. ISSN 0315-162X (doi:3899/jrheum.090113)

2008

Ross, H.M., Laws, R., Reckless, J., and Lean, M.E.J. (2008) Evaluation of the counterweight programme for obesity management in primary care: a starting point for continuous improvement. British Journal of General Practice, 58 (553). pp. 548-554. ISSN 0960-1643

McQuigg, M. et al. (2008) Influence of body mass index on prescribing costs and potential cost savings of a weight management programme in primary care. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 13 (3). pp. 158-166. ISSN 1355-8196 (doi:10.1258/jhsrp.2008.007140)

Abu-Rmeileh, N.M.E., Hart, C.L., McConnachie, A., Upton, M.N., Lean, M., and Watt, G. (2008) Contribution of midparental BMI and other determinants of obesity in adult offspring. Obesity, 16 (6). pp. 1388-1393. ISSN 1930-7381 (doi:10.1038/oby.2008.211)

Akbartabartoori, M., Lean, M., and Hankey, C.R. (2008) The associations between current recommendation for physical activity and cardiovascular risks associated with obesity. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62 (1). pp. 1-9. ISSN 0954-3007 (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602693)

Ebrahimi-Mameghani, M, Scott, J, Der, G, Lean, M, and Burns, CM (2008) Changes in weight and waist circumference over 9 years in a Scottish population. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62 (10). pp. 1208-1214. ISSN 0954-3007 (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602839)

Gauliard, B, Grieve, D, Wilson, R, Crozier, A, Jenkins, CJ, Mullen, WD, and Lean, M (2008) The effects of dietary phenolic compounds on cytokine and antioxidant production by a549 cells. Journal of Medicinal Food, 11 (2). pp. 382-384. ISSN 1096-620X (doi:10.1089/jmf.2007.593)

Lean, M (2008) Trading regulations and health foods. British Medical Journal, 337 . ISSN 0959-535X

Lean, M, Mann, JI, Hoek, JA, Elliot, RM, and Schofield, G (2008) Translational research. British Medical Journal, 337 (7672). ISSN 0959-535X

Lean, M, and Wiseman, M (2008) Malnutrition in hospitals - Still common because screening tools are underused and poorly enforced. British Medical Journal, 336 (7639). p. 290. ISSN 0959-535X

McQuigg, M. et al. (2008) The Counterweight programme: Prevalence of CVD risk factors by body mass index and the impact of 10% weight change. Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, 2 (1). pp. 15-27.

Mercer, S.W., and Lean, M. (2008) Request for slimming tablets. British Medical Journal, 337 . a1287. ISSN 0959-535X (doi:10.1136/bmj.a1287)

Mullen, W., Rouanet, J.-M., Auger, C., Teissèdre, P.-L., Caldwell, S.T., Hartley, R.C., Lean, M.E.J., Edwards, C.A., and Crozier, A. (2008) Bioavailability of [2-14C]Quercetin-4′-glucoside in rats. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56 (24). pp. 12127-12137. ISSN 0021-8561 (doi:10.1021/jf802754s)

Ross, HM, Laws, R, Reckless, J, Lean, M, Morrison, DS, and Sloan, W (2008) Evaluation of the Counterweight Programme for obesity management in primary care: a starting point for continuous improvement. British Journal of General Practice, 58 (553). pp. 548-554. ISSN 0960-1643 (doi:10.3399/bjgp08X319710)

2007

Lara, J.J., Economou, M., Wallace, A.M., Rumley, A., Lowe, G., Slater, C., Caslake, M., Sattar, N., and Lean, M.E.J. (2007) Benefits of salmon eating on traditional and novel vascular risk factors in young, non-obese healthy subjects. Atherosclerosis, 193 (1). pp. 213-221. ISSN 0021-9150 (doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2006.06.018)

Borges, G, Crozier, A, Duthie, GG, Lean, MEJ, Roowi, S, and Rouanet, JM (2007) The bioavallability of raspberry anthocyanins and ellagitannins in rats. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 51 . pp. 714-725. (doi:10.1002/mnfr.200700024)

Hankey, C.R., Lean, M.E.J., and Leslie, W.S. (2007) Weight gain as an adverse effect of some commonly prescribed drugs: a systematic review. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 100 . pp. 395-404. ISSN 1460-2725 (doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcm044)

Lean, M, and Mullan, A (2007) Obesity: Which drug and when? International Journal of Clinical Practice, 61 . pp. 1555-1560. (doi:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2007.01459.x)

Lean, M. (2007) Weight gain from common drugs - Response. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 100 (10). pp. 664-666. ISSN 1460-2725

2006

Akbartabartoori, M, Hankey, CR, and Lean, MEJ (2006) Smoking combined with overweight or obesity markedly elevates cardiovascular risk factors. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, 13 . pp. 938-946. ISSN 1741-8267

Alberti, G, Gruer, L, Lean, M, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Obesity - can we turn the tide? British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 1261-1264. ISSN 0959-535X

Avenell, A, Lean, M, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Management: Part I - Behaviour change, diets and activity. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 740-743. ISSN 0959-535X

Finer, N, and Lean, M (2006) ABC of obesity - Management: Part II - Drugs. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 794-797. ISSN 0959-535X

Han, TS, Lean, M, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Assessment of obesity and its clinical implications. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 695-698. ISSN 0959-535X

Hankey, CR, Lean, MEJ, Leslie, WS, Wallace, FA, and Woodward, M (2006) Unidentified under-nutrition: dietary intake and anthropometric indices in a residential care home population. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 19 . pp. 343-347.

Haslam, D, Lean, M, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Obesity - time to wake up. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 640-642. ISSN 0959-535X

Hill, JO, Lara, J, and Lean, M (2006) ABC of obesity - Strategies for preventing obesity. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 959-962. ISSN 0959-535X

Koulouri, AA, Lean, MEJ, and Tigbe, WW (2006) The effect of advice to walk 2000 extra steps daily on food intake. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 19 . pp. 263-266.

Lawlor, DA, Lean, M, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Obesity and vascular disease. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 1060-1063. ISSN 0959-535X

Lean, M, McArdle, CS, McMillan, DC, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Obesity and cancer. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 1109-1111. ISSN 0959-535X (doi:10.1136/bmj.39042.565035.BE1)

2005

Lara, JJ, Murray, L, Carter, R, Stuart, R, and Lean, MEJ (2005) Weight changes after vertical banded gastroplication. Scottish Medical Journal , 50 (2). pp. 58-60. ISSN 0036-9330

Akbartabartoori, M, Hankey, CR, and Lean, MEJ (2005) Relationships between cigarette smoking, body size and body shape. International Journal of Obesity, 29 . pp. 236-243. (doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802827)

Anderson, AS, Bradby, H, Bush, H, Lea, E, Lean, M, and Williams, R (2005) Evolution of atherogenic diets in South Asian and Italian women after migration to a higher risk region. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 18 . pp. 33-43.

Barth, J.H. et al. (2005) The impact of obesity on drug prescribing in primary care. British Journal of General Practice, 55 . pp. 743-749. ISSN 0960-1643

Barth, JH et al. (2005) Empowering primary care to tackle the obesity epidemic: the Counterweight Programme. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59 . S93-S100. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602180)

Baxter, G, Connolly, M, Kelly, C, Lean, M, McCreadie, R, Paterson, JR, and Williams, S (2005) Dietary improvement in people with schizophrenia - Randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry, 187 . pp. 346-351.

Cotton, MM, Fuld, JP, Kilduff, LP, Lean, MEJ, Neder, JA, Pitsiladis, Y, and Ward, SA (2005) Creatine supplementation during pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thorax, 60 . pp. 531-537. (doi:10.1136/thx.2004.030452)

Crozier, A, Duthie, GG, Duthie, SJ, Higgins, S, Howie, M, Lean, MEJ, Mullen, W, and Tsang, C (2005) The influence of moderate red wine consumption on antioxidant status and indices of oxidative stress associated with CHD in healthy volunteers. British Journal of Nutrition, 93 . pp. 233-240. (doi:10.1079/BJN20041311)

De Bruin, TWA et al. (2005) Effect of three treatment schedules of recombinant methionyl human leptin on body weight in obese adults: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism, 7 (6). pp. 755-761.

Gates, E, Han, TS, Lean, MEJ, and Truscott, E (2005) Clothing size as an indicator of adiposity, ischaemic heart disease and cardiovascular risks. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 18 . pp. 423-430.

Hankey, CR, and Lean, M (2005) Aspartame and its effects on health - Reply. British Medical Journal, 330 (7486). p. 310. ISSN 0959-535X

Hankey, CR, Lean, MEJ, Leslie, WS, and McCombie, L (2005) Weight management: a survey of current practice in secondary care NHS settings in 2004. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 11 . pp. 462-467. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2753.2005.00552.x)

Lean, M (2005) Prognosis in obesity - Obesity in severe mental illness poses particular problems - Reply. British Medical Journal, 331 (7514). p. 453. ISSN 0959-535X

Lean, M (2005) Prognosis in obesity - We all need to move a little more, eat a little less. British Medical Journal, 330 (7504). 1339-+. ISSN 0959-535X

2004

Anderson, AS, and Lean, M (2004) The nature of evidence. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 17 (4). pp. 291-292.

Barth, JH et al. (2004) Current approaches to obesity management in UK Primary Care: the Counterweight Programme. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 17 . pp. 183-190.

Barth, JH et al. (2004) A new evidence-based model for weight management in primary care: the Counterweight Programme. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 17 . pp. 191-208.

Bates, CJ, Lean, MEJ, Mansoor, MA, and Prentice, A (2004) Nutrient intakes; biochemical and risk indices associated with Type 2 diabetes and glycosylated haemoglobin, in the British National Diet and Nutrition Survey of people aged 65 years and over. Diabetic Medicine, 21 . pp. 677-684. (doi:10.1111/j.1464-5491.2004.01228.x)

Brighenti, F, Burns, J, Crozier, A, Del, RD, Lean, MEJ, Mullen, W, and Stewart, AJ (2004) HPLC-MSn analysis of phenolic compounds and purine alkaloids in green and black tea. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 52 . pp. 2807-2815. (doi:10.1021/jf0354848)

Crozier, A, Huxley, RR, John, JH, Lean, M, and Neil, HAW (2004) Effect of dietary advice to increase fruit and vegetable consumption on plasma flavonol concentrations: results from a randomised controlled intervention trial. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 58 . pp. 288-289. (doi:10.1136/jech.2003.014274)

Currall, JEP, Hankey, CR, Lean, MEJ, Leslie, WS, and Matthews, D (2004) A transferable programme of nutritional counselling for rehabilitation following myocardial infarction: a randomised controlled study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58 . pp. 778-786. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601876)

De, SG, and Lean, M (2004) Schizophrenia and osteoporosis. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 19 . pp. 31-35. (doi:10.1097/01.yic.0000102047.13671.a8)

Eley, S, Hankey, CR, Hunter, CM, Lean, MEJ, and Leslie, WS (2004) Eating habits, beliefs, attitudes and knowledge among health professionals regarding the links between obesity, nutrition and health. Public Health Nutrition, 7 . pp. 337-343. (doi:10.1079/PHN2003526)

Hankey, CR, and Lean, M (2004) Aspartame and its effects on health. British Medical Journal, 329 (7469). pp. 755-756. ISSN 0959-535X

Lara, I., and Lean, M. (2004) Is Atkins dead (again)? Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 14 (2). pp. 61-65. ISSN 0939-4753

Lara, JJ, Scott, JA, and Lean, MEJ (2004) Intentional mis-reporting of food consumption and its relationship with body mass index and psychological scores in women. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 17 (3). pp. 209-218.

2003

Crozier, A, Lean, MEJ, Mullen, W, and Yokota, T (2003) Analysis of ellagitannins and conjugates of ellagic acid and quercetin in raspberry fruits by LC-MSn. Phytochemistry, 64 . pp. 617-624. (doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00281-4)

Dibben, M.R., and Lean, M.E.J. (2003) Achieving compliance in chronic illness management: illustrations of trust relationships between physicians and nutrition clinic patients. Health, Risk and Society, 5 . pp. 241-258. ISSN 1369-8575 (doi:10.1080/13698570310001606950)

Gonzalez-Villalpando, C, Haffner, SM, Han, TS, Lean, M, Sattar, N, and Williams, K (2003) Prospective relation of C-reactive protein with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 26 (5). pp. 1657-1658.

Lara, JJ, Lean, M, and Tsofliou, F (2003) Dietary fat and obesity: increasing concern or old hat? European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 105 (8). pp. 389-390.

Lean, M (2003) The implementation of nutritional advice for people with diabetes. Diabetic Medicine, 20 (10). pp. 783-785.

Lean, M, and Pajonk, FG (2003) Patients on atypical antipsychotic drugs: Another high-risk group for type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 26 (11). pp. 3202-3203.

Lean, M, Rissanen, A, Rossner, S, Segal, KR, and Sjostrom, L (2003) Predictive value of early weight loss in obesity management with orlistat: an evidence-based assessment of prescribing guidelines. International Journal of Obesity, 27 . pp. 103-109. (doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802165)

Lean, MEJ, Anderson, AS, Morrison, C, and Currall, J (2003) Evaluation of a Dietary Targets Monitor. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57 . pp. 667-673. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601596)

Lean, MEJ, Malkova, D, Pitsiladis, YP, Tsofliou, F, and Wallace, AM (2003) Moderate physical activity permits acute coupling between serum leptin and appetite-satiety measures in obese women. International Journal of Obesity, 27 . pp. 1332-1339. (doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802406)

Lean, MEJ, and Pajonk, FG (2003) Patients on atypical antipsychotic drugs - Another high-risk group for type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 26 . pp. 1597-1605.

Stone, P et al. (2003) Cancer-related fatigue - a difference of opinion? Results of a multicentre survey of healthcare professionals, patients and caregivers. European Journal of Cancer Care, 12 . pp. 20-27. (doi:10.1046/j.1365-2354.2003.00329.x)

2002

Anderson, A, Lean, M, and Roos, G (2002) Dietary interventions in Finland, Norway and Sweden: nutrition policies and strategies. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 15 . pp. 99-110.

Ashihara, H, Burns, J, Crozier, A, Lean, MEJ, and Yokota, T (2002) Plant foods and herbal sources of resveratrol. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50 . pp. 3337-3340. (doi:10.1021/jf0112973)

Burns, J, Crozier, A, Landrault, N, Lean, MEJ, Mullen, W, and Teissedre, PL (2002) Variations in the profile and content of anthocyanins in wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon and hybrid grapes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50 . pp. 4096-4102. (doi:10.1021/jf011233s)

Crozier, A, Duthie, GG, Gardner, P, Lean, MEJ, Mullen, W, and Stewart, AJ (2002) Effect of freezing and storage on the phenolics, ellagitannins, flavonoids, and antioxidant capacity of red raspberries. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50 . pp. 5197-5201. (doi:10.1021/jf020141f)

Crozier, A, Lean, MEJ, and Mullen, W (2002) Rapid characterization of anthocyanins in red raspberry fruit by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to single quadrupole mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A, 966 . pp. 63-70.

Crozier, A., Duthie, G.G., Gardner, P., Lean, M.E.J., MacLean, M.R., McGinn, J., Mullen, W., and Yokota, T. (2002) Ellagitannins, flavonoids, and other phenolics in red raspberries and their contribution to antioxidant capacity and vasorelaxation properties. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50 . pp. 5191-5196. (doi:10.1021/jf020140n)

Currall, JEP, Hankey, CR, Lean, MEJ, Leslie, WS, and Matthews, D (2002) Weight change after myocardial infarction: statistical perspectives for future study. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 15 . pp. 439-444.

Gonzalez-Villalpando, C, Haffner, SM, Han, TS, Lean, MEJ, Sattar, N, and Williams, K (2002) Prospective study of C-reactive protein in relation to the development of diabetes and metabolic syndrome in the Mexico City Diabetes Study. Diabetes Care, 25 . pp. 2016-2021.

Haffner, SM, Han, TS, Hunt, KJ, Lean, MEJ, Sattar, N, and Williams, K (2002) Analysis of obesity and Hyperinsulinemia in the development of metabolic syndrome: San Antonio Heart Study. Obesity Research, 10 . pp. 923-931.

Han, TS, and Lean, M (2002) Waist worries. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 76 (4). pp. 699-700.

Hankey, C., Leslie, W.S., and Lean, M.E.J. (2002) Why lose weight? Reasons for seeking weight loss by overweight but otherwise healthy men. International Journal of Obesity, 26 . pp. 880-882. ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0801999)

Hankey, C.R., Lean, M.E.J., Lowe, G.D.O., Rumley, A., and Woodward, M. (2002) Effects of moderate weight loss on anginal symptoms and indices of coagulation and fibrinolysis in overweight patients with angina pectoris. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56 (10). pp. 1039-1045. ISSN 0954-3007

2001

Anderson, AS, Bradby, H, Bush, H, Han, TS, Lean, MEJ, and Williams, R (2001) Ethnic differences in anthropometric and lifestyle measures related to coronary heart disease risk between South Asian, Italian and general-population British women living in the west of Scotland. International Journal of Obesity, 25 . pp. 1800-1805.

Anderson, AS, Bush, HM, Lean, MEJ, and Williams, RGA (2001) Body image and weight consciousness among South Asian, Italian and general population women in Britain. Appetite, 37 . pp. 207-215. (doi:10.1006/appe.2001.0424)

Anderson, AS, and Lean, M (2001) Diabetes - high time to assess dietetic effectiveness. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 14 (6). pp. 421-422.

Burns, J, Crozier, A, Duthie, GG, Gardner, PT, Lean, MEJ, and Matthews, D (2001) Extraction of phenolics and changes in antioxidant activity of red wines during vinification. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 49 . pp. 5797-5808. (doi:10.1021/jf010682p)

Burns, J., Crozier, A., and Lean, M.E.J. (2001) Alcohol consumption and mortality: Is wine different from other alcoholic beverages? Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 11 . pp. 249-258. ISSN 0939-4753

Bush, H., Williams, R., Lean, M.E.J., and Anderson, A. (2001) Body image and weight consciousness among South Asian, Italian, and general population women in Britain. Appetite, 37 (3). pp. 207-215. ISSN 0195-6663 (doi:10.1006/appe.2001.0424)

Campbell, S, Danesh, BJ, Doherty, EM, Lean, M, Maxwell, PR, Rahman, MZ, and Timms, PM (2001) Effect of alcohol withdrawal on liver transaminase levels and markers of liver fibrosis. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 16 (11). pp. 1254-1259.

Clifford, M.N., Lean, M., Rice-Evans, C.A., Riemersma, R.A., and Tyrrell, R.M. (2001) Tea flavonoids and cardiovascular health. QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians, 94 (5). pp. 277-282.

Lean, M.E.J., Hans, T., Anderson, A.S., Bradby, H., and Williams, R. (2001) Ethnic differences in anthropometric and lifestyle measures related to coronary heart disease risk between South Asian, Italian and general population British women living in the West of Scotland. International Journal of Obesity, 25 (12). pp. 1800-1805. ISSN 0307-0565

Lean, MEJ (2001) How does sibutramine work? International Journal of Obesity, 25 . S8-S11.

Sattar, N, Clark, P, Holmes, A, Lean, MEJ, Walker, I, and Greer, IA (2001) Antenatal waist circumference and hypertension risk. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 97 . pp. 268-271.

2000

Lean, M (2000) Obesity: Burdens of illness and strategies for prevention or management. Drugs of Today, 36 (11). pp. 773-784.

This list was generated on Wed Apr 16 19:35:53 2014 BST.
Number of items: 173.

Article

Combet, E., and Lean, M.E.J. (2014) Validation of a short food frequency questionnaire specific for iodine in UK females of childbearing age. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics . ISSN 0952-3871 (doi:10.1111/jhn.12219) (Early Online Publication)

Combet Aspray, Emilie, Jarlot, Amandine, Aidoo, Kofi E., and Lean, Michael E. J. (2014) Development of a nutritionally balanced pizza as a functional meal designed to meet published dietary guidelines. Public Health Nutrition . pp. 1-10. ISSN 1368-9800 (doi:10.1017/S1368980013002814) (Early Online Publication)

Vlassopoulos, A., Combet , E., and Lean, M.E.J. (2014) Changing distributions of body size and adiposity with age. International Journal of Obesity . ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/ijo.2013.216) (Early Online Publication)

Wallia, S. et al. (2014) Culturally adapting the prevention of diabetes and obesity in South Asians (PODOSA) trial. Health Promotion International . ISSN 0957-4824 (doi:10.1093/heapro/dat015) (Early Online Publication)

Leslie, W.S., Woodward, M., Lean, M.E.J., Theobald, H., Watson, L., and Hankey, C.R. (2013) Improving the dietary intake of undernourished older people in residential care homes using an energy-enriching food approach: a cluster randomised controlled study. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 26 (4). pp. 387-394. ISSN 0952-3871 (doi:10.1111/jhn.12020)

Han, T.S., Wu, F.C.W., and Lean, M.E.J. (2013) Obesity and weight management in the elderly: a focus on men. Best Practice and Research: Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 27 (4). pp. 509-525. ISSN 1521-690X (doi:10.1016/j.beem.2013.04.012)

Leslie, W.S., Woodward, M., Lean, M.E.J., Theobald, H., Watson, L., and Hankey, C.R. (2013) Improving the dietary intake of under nourished older people in residential care homes using an energy-enriching food approach: a cluster randomised controlled study. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 26 (4). pp. 387-394. ISSN 0952-3871 (doi:10.1111/jhn.12020)

Tigbe, W.W., Briggs, A.H., and Lean, M.E.J. (2013) A patient-centred approach to estimate total annual healthcare cost by body mass index in the UK Counterweight programme. International Journal of Obesity, 37 (8). pp. 1135-1139. ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.186)

Vlassopoulos, A., Lean, M.E.J., and Combet, E. (2013) Role of oxidative stress in physiological albumin glycation: a neglected interaction. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 60 . pp. 318-324. ISSN 0891-5849 (doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.03.010)

Lean, M.E.J., Katsarou, C., McLoone, P., and Morrison, D. (2013) Changes in BMI and waist circumference in Scottish adults: use of repeated cross-sectional surveys to explore multiple age groups and birth-cohorts. International Journal of Obesity, 37 (6). pp. 800-808. ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/ijo.2012.122)

Ohlsson, C. et al. (2013) Comparisons of immunoassay and mass spectrometry measurements of serum estradiol levels and their influence on clinical association studies in men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 98 (6). E1097. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2012-3861)

McKenna, Louise A., Drummond, Russell S., Drummond, Suzannah, Talwar, Dinesh , and Lean, Michael E.J. (2013) Seeing double: the low-carb diet. British Medical Journal, 2013 (346). f2563. ISSN 0959-8138 (doi:10.1136/bmj.f2563) (In Press)

Leslie, W.S., Comrie, F., Lean, M.E.J., and Hankey, C.R. (2013) Designing the eatwell week: the application of eatwell plate advice to weekly food intake. Public Health Nutrition, 16 (05). pp. 795-802. ISSN 1368-9800 (doi:10.1017/S1368980012004193)

Vanderschueren, D. et al. (2013) Active vitamin D (1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D) and bone health in middle-aged and elderly men: the European male aging study (EMAS). Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 98 (3). pp. 995-1005. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2012-2772)

Camacho, E.M. et al. (2013) Age-associated changes in hypothalamic-pituitary-testicular function in middle-aged and older men are modified by weight change and lifestyle factors: longitudinal results from the European male ageing study. European Journal of Endocrinology, 168 (3). pp. 445-455. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-12-0890)

Lean, M.E.J. et al. (2013) Feasibility and indicative results from a 12 month low-energy-liquid-diet treatment and maintenance programme for severe obesity. British Journal of General Practice, 63 (607). pp. 115-124. ISSN 0960-1643 (doi:10.3399/bjgp13X663073)

Borges, G., Lean, M.E.J., Roberts, S.A., and Crozier, A. (2013) Bioavailability of dietary (poly)phenols: a study with ileostomists to discriminate between absorption in small and large intestine. Food and Function, 2013 (4). pp. 754-762. ISSN 2042-6496 (doi:10.1039/c3fo60024f)

Grieve, E., Fenwick, E., Yang, H.-C., and Lean, M. (2013) The disproportionate economic burden associated with severe and complicated obesity: a systematic review. Obesity Reviews, 14 (11). pp. 883-894. ISSN 1467-7881 (doi:10.1111/obr.12059)

Lean, M.I.F.A., Lean, M.E.J., Yajnik, C.S., Bhat, D., Joshi, S.M., Raut, D.A., Lubree, H.G., and Combet, E. (2013) Iodine status during pregnancy in India and related neonatal and infant outcomes. Public Health Nutrition . ISSN 1368-9800 (doi:10.1017/S1368980013001201 )

Rutter, M.K. et al. (2013) Epidemiological evidence against a role for C-reactive protein causing leptin resistance. European Journal of Endocrinology, 168 (1). pp. 101-106. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-12-0348)

Vlassopoulos, A., Lean, M.E.J., and Combet, E. (2013) Influence of smoking and diet on glycated haemoglobin and 'pre-diabetes' categorisation: a cross-sectional analysis. BMC Public Health, 13 (1013). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-13-1013)

Celnik, D., Gillespie, L., and Lean, M.E.J. (2012) Time-scarcity, ready-meals, ill-health and the obesity epidemic. Trends in Food Science and Technology, 27 (1). pp. 4-11. ISSN 0924-2244 (doi:10.1016/j.tifs.2012.06.001)

Brown, G., Lean, M.E.J., and Hankey, C.R. (2012) Reproducibility of twenty-four hour post exercise changes in energy intake in overweight and obese women using current methodology. British Journal of Nutrition, 108 (02). pp. 191-194. ISSN 0007-1145 (doi:10.1017/S0007114511005575)

Huhtaniemi, I.T. et al. (2012) Comparison of serum testosterone and estradiol measurements in 3174 European men using platform immunoassay and mass spectrometry; relevance for the diagnostics in aging men. European Journal of Endocrinology, 166 (6). pp. 983-991. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-11-1051)

Lee, D.M. et al. (2012) Association of hypogonadism with vitamin D status: the European Male Ageing Study. European Journal of Endocrinology, 166 (1). pp. 77-85. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-11-0743)

Johnson, P.C.D., Logue, J., McConnachie, A., Abu-Rmeileh, N.M.E., Hart, C., Upton, M.N., Lean, M.E.J., Sattar, N., and Watt, G. (2012) Intergenerational change and familial aggregation of body mass index. European Journal of Epidemiology, 27 (1). pp. 53-61. ISSN 0393-2990 (doi:10.1007/s10654-011-9639-5)

Astrup, A. et al. (2012) Safety, tolerability and sustained weight loss over 2 years with the once-daily human GLP-1 analog, liraglutide. International Journal of Obesity, 36 (6). pp. 843-854. ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/ijo.2011.158)

Corona, G. et al. (2012) Thyroid hormones and male sexual function. International Journal of Andrology, 35 (5). pp. 668-679. ISSN 0105-6263 (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2605.2012.01266.x)

Crozier, T.W.M., Stalmach, A., Lean, M.E.J., and Crozier, A. (2012) Espresso coffees, caffeine and chlorogenic acid intake: potential health implications. Food and Function, 3 (1). pp. 30-33. ISSN 2042-6496 (doi:10.1039/C1FO10240K)

Koshy, P., Mackenzie, M., Leslie, W., Lean, M., and Hankey, C. (2012) Eating the elephant whole or in slices: views of participants in a smoking cessation intervention trial on multiple behaviour changes as sequential or concurrent tasks. BMC Public Health, 12 (500). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-500)

Lean, M., and Crozier, A. (2012) Coffee, caffeine and health: What's in your cup? Maturitas, 72 (3). pp. 171-172. ISSN 0378-5122 (doi:10.1016/j.maturitas.2012.04.005)

Leslie, W.S., Koshy, P.R., Mackenzie, M., Murray, H.M., Boyle, S., Lean, M.E.J., Walker, A., and Hankey, C.R. (2012) Changes in body weight and food choice in those attempting smoking cessation: a cluster randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 12 (389). ISSN 1471-2458 (doi:10.1186/1471-2458-12-389)

Tajar, A. et al. (2012) Characteristics of androgen deficiency in late-onset hypogonadism: results from the European Male Aging Study (EMAS). Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 97 (5). pp. 1508-1516. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2011-2513)

O'Connor, D.B. et al. (2011) The relationships between sex hormones and sexual function in middle-aged and older European men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 96 (10). e1577-e1587. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2010-2216)

Lee, D.M. et al. (2011) Lower vitamin D levels are associated with depression among community-dwelling European men. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 25 (10). pp. 1320-1328. ISSN 0269-8811 (doi:10.1177/0269881110379287)

Abu-Rmeileh, N.M.E., Watt, G., and Lean, M.E.J. (2011) Sex distribution of offspring-parents obesity: Angel's hypothesis revisited. Human Biology, 83 (4). pp. 523-530. ISSN 0018-7143 (doi:10.3378/027.083.0406)

Han, T.S. et al. (2011) Impaired quality of life and sexual function in overweight and obese men: the European Male Ageing Study. European Journal of Endocrinology, 164 (6). pp. 1003-1011. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-10-1129)

Tajar, A et al. (2011) The effect of musculoskeletal pain on sexual function in middle-aged and elderly European men: results from the European Male Ageing Study. Journal of Rheumatology, 38 (2). pp. 370-377. ISSN 0315-162X (doi:10.3899/jrheum.100604)

Combet, E., Lean, M.E.J., Boyle, J.G., Crozier, A., and Davidson, D.F. (2011) Dietary flavonols contribute to false-positive elevation of homovanillic acid, a marker of catecholamine-secreting tumours. Clinica Chimica Acta, 412 (1-2). pp. 165-169. ISSN 0009-8981 (doi:10.1016/j.cca.2010.09.037)

Boonen, S. et al. (2011) Influence of bone remodelling rate on quantitative ultrasound parameters at the calcaneus and DXA BMDa of the hip and spine in middle-aged and elderly European men: the European Male Ageing Study (EMAS). European Journal of Endocrinology, 165 (6). pp. 977-986. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-11-0353)

Gill, J.M.R. et al. (2011) Sitting time and waist circumference are associated with glycemia in U.K. South Asians: data from 1,228 adults screened for the PODOSA trial. Diabetes Care, 34 (5). pp. 1214-1218. ISSN 0149-5992 (doi:10.2337/dc10-2313)

Han, T.S., Tajar, A., and Lean, M.E.J. (2011) Obesity and weight management in the elderly. British Medical Bulletin, 97 (1). pp. 169-196. ISSN 0007-1420 (doi:10.1093/bmb/ldr002)

Holliday, Kate L. et al. (2011) The ESR1 (6q25) locus is associated with calcaneal ultrasound parameters and radial volumetric bone mineral density in European men. PLoS ONE, 6 (7). e22037. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0022037)

Lean, M. (2011) VLED and formula LED in the management of type 2 diabetes: defining the clinical need and research requirements. Clinical Obesity , 1 (1). pp. 41-49. ISSN 1758-8111 (doi:10.1111/j.1758-8111.2010.00007.x)

Roshandel, D. et al. (2011) Influence of polymorphisms in the RANKL/RANK/OPG signaling pathway on volumetric bone mineral density and bone geometry at the forearm in men. Calcified Tissue International, 89 (6). pp. 446-455. ISSN 0171-967X (doi:10.1007/s00223-011-9532-y)

Roshandel, D. et al. (2011) A validation of the first genome-wide association study of calcaneus ultrasound parameters in the European Male Ageing Study. BMC Medical Genetics, 12 . p. 19. ISSN 1471-2350 (doi:10.1186/1471-2350-12-19)

Roshandel, D. et al. (2011) Polymorphisms in genes involved in the NF-κB signalling pathway are associated with bone mineral density, geometry and turnover in men. PLoS ONE, 6 (11). e28031. ISSN 1932-6203 (doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0028031)

Tajar, A. et al. (2011) Frailty in Relation to Variations in Hormone Levels of the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Testicular Axis in Older Men: Results From the European Male Aging Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 59 (5). pp. 814-821. ISSN 0002-8614 (doi:10.1111/j.1532-5415.2011.03398.x)

Tigbe, W.W., Lean, M.E.J., and Granat, M.H. (2011) A physically active occupation does not result in compensatory inactivity during out-of-work hours. Preventive Medicine, 53 (1-2). pp. 48-52. ISSN 0091-7435 (doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.04.018)

Ward, K.A. et al. (2011) Influence of age and sex steroids on bone density and geometry in middle-aged and elderly European men. Osteoporosis International, 22 (5). pp. 1513-1523. ISSN 0937-941X (doi:10.1007/s00198-010-1437-5)

Lee, D.M. et al. (2010) Chronic widespread pain is associated with slower cognitive processing speed in middle-aged and older European men. Pain, 151 (1). pp. 30-36. ISSN 0304-3959 (doi:10.1016/j.pain.2010.04.024)

Vanderschueren, D et al. (2010) Gonadal sex steroid status and bone health in middle aged and elderly European men. Osteoporosis International, 21 (8). pp. 1331-1339. ISSN 0937-941X

Borges, G., Mullen, W., Mullan, A., Lean, M., Roberts, S., and Crozier, A. (2010) Bioavailability of multiple components following acute ingestion of a polyphenol-rich juice drink. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 54 (S2). S268-S277. ISSN 1613-4125 (doi:10.1002/mnfr.200900611)

Wu, F.C.W. et al. (2010) Identification of late-onset hypogonadism in middle-aged and elderly men. New England Journal of Medicine, 363 (2). pp. 123-135. ISSN 0028-4793 (doi:10.1056/NEJMoa0911101)

Haynes, S et al. (2010) Long-term cost-effectiveness of weight management in primary care. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 64 (6). pp. 775-783. ISSN 1368-5031 (doi:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2010.02349.x)

Del Rio, D., Costa, L.G., Lean, M.E.J., and Crozier, A. (2010) Polyphenols and health: what compounds are involved? Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 20 (1). pp. 1-6. ISSN 0939-4753 (doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2009.05.015)

Corona, G et al. (2010) Age-related changes in general and sexual health in middle-aged and older men: results from the European Male Ageing Study (EMAS). Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7 (4). pp. 1362-1380. (doi:10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01601.x)

Del Rio, D., Costa, L.G., Lean, M.E.J., and Crozier, A. (2010) Polyphenols and health: What compounds are involved? Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 20 (1). pp. 1-6. ISSN 0939-4753 (doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2009.05.015)

Huhtaniemi, IT et al. (2010) Effect of polymorphisms in selected genes involved in pituitary-testicular function on reproductive hormones and phenotype in aging men. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95 (4). pp. 1898-1908. ISSN 0021-972X

Lean, M. E. J., Reckless, J. P. D., Finer, N., and McCombie, L. (2010) Counterweight - counter-cost, counter-loss. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 64 (6). pp. 828-829. ISSN 1368-5031 (doi:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2010.02400.x)

Lean, M.E.J. (2010) Childhood obesity: time to shrink a parent. International Journal of Obesity, 34 (1). pp. 1-3. ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/ijo.2009.200)

Lee, D.M. et al. (2010) Endogenous hormones, androgen receptor CAG repeat length and fluid cognition in middle-aged and older men: results from the European Male Ageing Study. European Journal of Endocrinology, 162 (6). pp. 1155-1164. ISSN 0804-4643 (doi:10.1530/EJE-09-0970)

McBeth, J. et al. (2010) Musculoskeletal pain is associated with very low levels of vitamin D in men: results from the European Male Ageing Study. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 69 . pp. 1448-1452. ISSN 0003-4967 (doi:10.1136/ard.2009.116053)

Mullen, W., Borges, G., Lean, M.E.J., Roberts, S.A., and Crozier, A. (2010) Identification of metabolites in human plasma and urine after consumption of a polyphenol-rich juice drink. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58 (4). pp. 2586-2595. ISSN 0021-8561 (doi:10.1021/jf904096v)

Pye , SR et al. (2010) Influence of lifestyle factors on quantitative heel ultrasound measurements in middle-aged and elderly men: results from the European Male Aging Study (EMAS). Calcified Tissue International, 86 (3). pp. 211-219. ISSN 0171-967X

Roowi, S., Stalmach, A., Mullen, W., Lean, M., Edwards, C.A., and Crozier, A. (2010) Green tea flavan-3-ols: colonic degradation and urinary excretion of catabolites by humans. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58 (2). pp. 1296-1304. ISSN 0021-8561 (doi:10.1021/jf9032975)

Roshandel, D et al. (2010) Genetic variation in the RANK/RANK/OPG signalling pathway is associated with bone turnover and bone mineral density in men. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 25 (8). pp. 1830-1838. ISSN 0884-0431 (doi:10.1002/JBMR.78)

Rouanet, J.-M., Décordé, K., Rio, D.D., Auger, C., Borges, G., Cristol, J.P., Lean, M.E.J., and Crozier, A. (2010) Berry juices, teas, antioxidants and the prevention of atherosclerosis in hamsters. Food Chemistry, 118 (2). pp. 266-271. ISSN 0308-8146 (doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2009.04.116)

Tajar, A. et al. (2010) Characteristics of Secondary, Primary, and Compensated Hypogonadism in Aging Men: Evidence from the European Male Ageing Study. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95 (4). pp. 1810-1818. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2009-1796)

Tajar , A. et al. (2010) Characteristics of primary, secondary and compensated hypogonadism in ageing men: evidence from the European Male Ageing Study (EMAS). Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, 95 (4). pp. 1810-1818. ISSN 0021-972X (doi:10.1210/jc.2009-1796)

Trueman, P. et al. (2010) Long-term cost-effectiveness of weight management in primary care. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 64 (6). pp. 775-783. ISSN 1368-5031 (doi:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2010.02349.x)

Astrup, A., Rossner, S., Van Goal, L., Rissanen, A., Niskanen, L., Al Hakim, M., Madsen, J., Rasmussen, M.F., and Lean, M.E.J. (2009) Effects of liraglutide in the treatment of obesity: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Lancet, 374 (9701). pp. 1606-1616. ISSN 0140-6736 (doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(09)61375-1)

Jaganath, I.B., Mullen, W., Lean, M., Edwards, C.A., and Crozier, A. (2009) In vitro catabolism of rutin by human fecal bacteria and the antioxidant capacity of its catabolites. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 47 (8). pp. 1180-1189. ISSN 0891-5849 (doi:10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2009.07.031)

Macfarlane, GJ et al. (2009) Investigating the determinants of international differences in the prevalence of chronic widespread pain: evidence from the European Male Ageing Study. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 68 (5). pp. 690-695. ISSN 0003-4967 (doi:10.1136/ard.2008.089417)

Lee, D et al. (2009) Vitamin D parathyroid hormone and the metabolic syndrome in middle-aged and older European men. European Journal of Endocrinology, 161 (6). pp. 947-954. ISSN 0804-4643

Mackenzie, M., Koshy, P., Leslie, W., Lean, M., and Hankey, C. (2009) Getting beyond outcomes: a realist approach to help understand the impact of nutritional intervention during smoking cessation. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 63 (9). pp. 1136-1142. ISSN 0954-3007 (doi:10.1038/ejcn.2009.38)

McBeth, J et al. (2009) Perturbed insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and IGF binding protein-3 are not associated with chronic widespread pain in men: results from the European Male Ageing Study. Journal of Rheumatology, 36 (11). pp. 2523-2530. ISSN 0315-162X (doi:3899/jrheum.090113)

Ross, H.M., Laws, R., Reckless, J., and Lean, M.E.J. (2008) Evaluation of the counterweight programme for obesity management in primary care: a starting point for continuous improvement. British Journal of General Practice, 58 (553). pp. 548-554. ISSN 0960-1643

McQuigg, M. et al. (2008) Influence of body mass index on prescribing costs and potential cost savings of a weight management programme in primary care. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy, 13 (3). pp. 158-166. ISSN 1355-8196 (doi:10.1258/jhsrp.2008.007140)

Abu-Rmeileh, N.M.E., Hart, C.L., McConnachie, A., Upton, M.N., Lean, M., and Watt, G. (2008) Contribution of midparental BMI and other determinants of obesity in adult offspring. Obesity, 16 (6). pp. 1388-1393. ISSN 1930-7381 (doi:10.1038/oby.2008.211)

Akbartabartoori, M., Lean, M., and Hankey, C.R. (2008) The associations between current recommendation for physical activity and cardiovascular risks associated with obesity. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62 (1). pp. 1-9. ISSN 0954-3007 (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602693)

Ebrahimi-Mameghani, M, Scott, J, Der, G, Lean, M, and Burns, CM (2008) Changes in weight and waist circumference over 9 years in a Scottish population. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 62 (10). pp. 1208-1214. ISSN 0954-3007 (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602839)

Gauliard, B, Grieve, D, Wilson, R, Crozier, A, Jenkins, CJ, Mullen, WD, and Lean, M (2008) The effects of dietary phenolic compounds on cytokine and antioxidant production by a549 cells. Journal of Medicinal Food, 11 (2). pp. 382-384. ISSN 1096-620X (doi:10.1089/jmf.2007.593)

Lean, M (2008) Trading regulations and health foods. British Medical Journal, 337 . ISSN 0959-535X

Lean, M, Mann, JI, Hoek, JA, Elliot, RM, and Schofield, G (2008) Translational research. British Medical Journal, 337 (7672). ISSN 0959-535X

Lean, M, and Wiseman, M (2008) Malnutrition in hospitals - Still common because screening tools are underused and poorly enforced. British Medical Journal, 336 (7639). p. 290. ISSN 0959-535X

McQuigg, M. et al. (2008) The Counterweight programme: Prevalence of CVD risk factors by body mass index and the impact of 10% weight change. Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, 2 (1). pp. 15-27.

Mercer, S.W., and Lean, M. (2008) Request for slimming tablets. British Medical Journal, 337 . a1287. ISSN 0959-535X (doi:10.1136/bmj.a1287)

Mullen, W., Rouanet, J.-M., Auger, C., Teissèdre, P.-L., Caldwell, S.T., Hartley, R.C., Lean, M.E.J., Edwards, C.A., and Crozier, A. (2008) Bioavailability of [2-14C]Quercetin-4′-glucoside in rats. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 56 (24). pp. 12127-12137. ISSN 0021-8561 (doi:10.1021/jf802754s)

Ross, HM, Laws, R, Reckless, J, Lean, M, Morrison, DS, and Sloan, W (2008) Evaluation of the Counterweight Programme for obesity management in primary care: a starting point for continuous improvement. British Journal of General Practice, 58 (553). pp. 548-554. ISSN 0960-1643 (doi:10.3399/bjgp08X319710)

Lara, J.J., Economou, M., Wallace, A.M., Rumley, A., Lowe, G., Slater, C., Caslake, M., Sattar, N., and Lean, M.E.J. (2007) Benefits of salmon eating on traditional and novel vascular risk factors in young, non-obese healthy subjects. Atherosclerosis, 193 (1). pp. 213-221. ISSN 0021-9150 (doi:10.1016/j.atherosclerosis.2006.06.018)

Borges, G, Crozier, A, Duthie, GG, Lean, MEJ, Roowi, S, and Rouanet, JM (2007) The bioavallability of raspberry anthocyanins and ellagitannins in rats. Molecular Nutrition and Food Research, 51 . pp. 714-725. (doi:10.1002/mnfr.200700024)

Hankey, C.R., Lean, M.E.J., and Leslie, W.S. (2007) Weight gain as an adverse effect of some commonly prescribed drugs: a systematic review. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 100 . pp. 395-404. ISSN 1460-2725 (doi:10.1093/qjmed/hcm044)

Lean, M, and Mullan, A (2007) Obesity: Which drug and when? International Journal of Clinical Practice, 61 . pp. 1555-1560. (doi:10.1111/j.1742-1241.2007.01459.x)

Lean, M. (2007) Weight gain from common drugs - Response. QJM: An International Journal of Medicine, 100 (10). pp. 664-666. ISSN 1460-2725

Akbartabartoori, M, Hankey, CR, and Lean, MEJ (2006) Smoking combined with overweight or obesity markedly elevates cardiovascular risk factors. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, 13 . pp. 938-946. ISSN 1741-8267

Alberti, G, Gruer, L, Lean, M, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Obesity - can we turn the tide? British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 1261-1264. ISSN 0959-535X

Avenell, A, Lean, M, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Management: Part I - Behaviour change, diets and activity. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 740-743. ISSN 0959-535X

Finer, N, and Lean, M (2006) ABC of obesity - Management: Part II - Drugs. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 794-797. ISSN 0959-535X

Han, TS, Lean, M, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Assessment of obesity and its clinical implications. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 695-698. ISSN 0959-535X

Hankey, CR, Lean, MEJ, Leslie, WS, Wallace, FA, and Woodward, M (2006) Unidentified under-nutrition: dietary intake and anthropometric indices in a residential care home population. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 19 . pp. 343-347.

Haslam, D, Lean, M, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Obesity - time to wake up. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 640-642. ISSN 0959-535X

Hill, JO, Lara, J, and Lean, M (2006) ABC of obesity - Strategies for preventing obesity. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 959-962. ISSN 0959-535X

Koulouri, AA, Lean, MEJ, and Tigbe, WW (2006) The effect of advice to walk 2000 extra steps daily on food intake. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 19 . pp. 263-266.

Lawlor, DA, Lean, M, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Obesity and vascular disease. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 1060-1063. ISSN 0959-535X

Lean, M, McArdle, CS, McMillan, DC, and Sattar, N (2006) ABC of obesity - Obesity and cancer. British Medical Journal, 333 . pp. 1109-1111. ISSN 0959-535X (doi:10.1136/bmj.39042.565035.BE1)

Lara, JJ, Murray, L, Carter, R, Stuart, R, and Lean, MEJ (2005) Weight changes after vertical banded gastroplication. Scottish Medical Journal , 50 (2). pp. 58-60. ISSN 0036-9330

Akbartabartoori, M, Hankey, CR, and Lean, MEJ (2005) Relationships between cigarette smoking, body size and body shape. International Journal of Obesity, 29 . pp. 236-243. (doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802827)

Anderson, AS, Bradby, H, Bush, H, Lea, E, Lean, M, and Williams, R (2005) Evolution of atherogenic diets in South Asian and Italian women after migration to a higher risk region. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 18 . pp. 33-43.

Barth, J.H. et al. (2005) The impact of obesity on drug prescribing in primary care. British Journal of General Practice, 55 . pp. 743-749. ISSN 0960-1643

Barth, JH et al. (2005) Empowering primary care to tackle the obesity epidemic: the Counterweight Programme. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 59 . S93-S100. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602180)

Baxter, G, Connolly, M, Kelly, C, Lean, M, McCreadie, R, Paterson, JR, and Williams, S (2005) Dietary improvement in people with schizophrenia - Randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry, 187 . pp. 346-351.

Cotton, MM, Fuld, JP, Kilduff, LP, Lean, MEJ, Neder, JA, Pitsiladis, Y, and Ward, SA (2005) Creatine supplementation during pulmonary rehabilitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Thorax, 60 . pp. 531-537. (doi:10.1136/thx.2004.030452)

Crozier, A, Duthie, GG, Duthie, SJ, Higgins, S, Howie, M, Lean, MEJ, Mullen, W, and Tsang, C (2005) The influence of moderate red wine consumption on antioxidant status and indices of oxidative stress associated with CHD in healthy volunteers. British Journal of Nutrition, 93 . pp. 233-240. (doi:10.1079/BJN20041311)

De Bruin, TWA et al. (2005) Effect of three treatment schedules of recombinant methionyl human leptin on body weight in obese adults: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism, 7 (6). pp. 755-761.

Gates, E, Han, TS, Lean, MEJ, and Truscott, E (2005) Clothing size as an indicator of adiposity, ischaemic heart disease and cardiovascular risks. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 18 . pp. 423-430.

Hankey, CR, and Lean, M (2005) Aspartame and its effects on health - Reply. British Medical Journal, 330 (7486). p. 310. ISSN 0959-535X

Hankey, CR, Lean, MEJ, Leslie, WS, and McCombie, L (2005) Weight management: a survey of current practice in secondary care NHS settings in 2004. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, 11 . pp. 462-467. (doi:10.1111/j.1365-2753.2005.00552.x)

Lean, M (2005) Prognosis in obesity - Obesity in severe mental illness poses particular problems - Reply. British Medical Journal, 331 (7514). p. 453. ISSN 0959-535X

Lean, M (2005) Prognosis in obesity - We all need to move a little more, eat a little less. British Medical Journal, 330 (7504). 1339-+. ISSN 0959-535X

Anderson, AS, and Lean, M (2004) The nature of evidence. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 17 (4). pp. 291-292.

Barth, JH et al. (2004) Current approaches to obesity management in UK Primary Care: the Counterweight Programme. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 17 . pp. 183-190.

Barth, JH et al. (2004) A new evidence-based model for weight management in primary care: the Counterweight Programme. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 17 . pp. 191-208.

Bates, CJ, Lean, MEJ, Mansoor, MA, and Prentice, A (2004) Nutrient intakes; biochemical and risk indices associated with Type 2 diabetes and glycosylated haemoglobin, in the British National Diet and Nutrition Survey of people aged 65 years and over. Diabetic Medicine, 21 . pp. 677-684. (doi:10.1111/j.1464-5491.2004.01228.x)

Brighenti, F, Burns, J, Crozier, A, Del, RD, Lean, MEJ, Mullen, W, and Stewart, AJ (2004) HPLC-MSn analysis of phenolic compounds and purine alkaloids in green and black tea. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 52 . pp. 2807-2815. (doi:10.1021/jf0354848)

Crozier, A, Huxley, RR, John, JH, Lean, M, and Neil, HAW (2004) Effect of dietary advice to increase fruit and vegetable consumption on plasma flavonol concentrations: results from a randomised controlled intervention trial. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 58 . pp. 288-289. (doi:10.1136/jech.2003.014274)

Currall, JEP, Hankey, CR, Lean, MEJ, Leslie, WS, and Matthews, D (2004) A transferable programme of nutritional counselling for rehabilitation following myocardial infarction: a randomised controlled study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58 . pp. 778-786. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601876)

De, SG, and Lean, M (2004) Schizophrenia and osteoporosis. International Clinical Psychopharmacology, 19 . pp. 31-35. (doi:10.1097/01.yic.0000102047.13671.a8)

Eley, S, Hankey, CR, Hunter, CM, Lean, MEJ, and Leslie, WS (2004) Eating habits, beliefs, attitudes and knowledge among health professionals regarding the links between obesity, nutrition and health. Public Health Nutrition, 7 . pp. 337-343. (doi:10.1079/PHN2003526)

Hankey, CR, and Lean, M (2004) Aspartame and its effects on health. British Medical Journal, 329 (7469). pp. 755-756. ISSN 0959-535X

Lara, I., and Lean, M. (2004) Is Atkins dead (again)? Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 14 (2). pp. 61-65. ISSN 0939-4753

Lara, JJ, Scott, JA, and Lean, MEJ (2004) Intentional mis-reporting of food consumption and its relationship with body mass index and psychological scores in women. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 17 (3). pp. 209-218.

Crozier, A, Lean, MEJ, Mullen, W, and Yokota, T (2003) Analysis of ellagitannins and conjugates of ellagic acid and quercetin in raspberry fruits by LC-MSn. Phytochemistry, 64 . pp. 617-624. (doi:10.1016/S0031-9422(03)00281-4)

Dibben, M.R., and Lean, M.E.J. (2003) Achieving compliance in chronic illness management: illustrations of trust relationships between physicians and nutrition clinic patients. Health, Risk and Society, 5 . pp. 241-258. ISSN 1369-8575 (doi:10.1080/13698570310001606950)

Gonzalez-Villalpando, C, Haffner, SM, Han, TS, Lean, M, Sattar, N, and Williams, K (2003) Prospective relation of C-reactive protein with type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 26 (5). pp. 1657-1658.

Lara, JJ, Lean, M, and Tsofliou, F (2003) Dietary fat and obesity: increasing concern or old hat? European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 105 (8). pp. 389-390.

Lean, M (2003) The implementation of nutritional advice for people with diabetes. Diabetic Medicine, 20 (10). pp. 783-785.

Lean, M, and Pajonk, FG (2003) Patients on atypical antipsychotic drugs: Another high-risk group for type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 26 (11). pp. 3202-3203.

Lean, M, Rissanen, A, Rossner, S, Segal, KR, and Sjostrom, L (2003) Predictive value of early weight loss in obesity management with orlistat: an evidence-based assessment of prescribing guidelines. International Journal of Obesity, 27 . pp. 103-109. (doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802165)

Lean, MEJ, Anderson, AS, Morrison, C, and Currall, J (2003) Evaluation of a Dietary Targets Monitor. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 57 . pp. 667-673. (doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1601596)

Lean, MEJ, Malkova, D, Pitsiladis, YP, Tsofliou, F, and Wallace, AM (2003) Moderate physical activity permits acute coupling between serum leptin and appetite-satiety measures in obese women. International Journal of Obesity, 27 . pp. 1332-1339. (doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0802406)

Lean, MEJ, and Pajonk, FG (2003) Patients on atypical antipsychotic drugs - Another high-risk group for type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 26 . pp. 1597-1605.

Stone, P et al. (2003) Cancer-related fatigue - a difference of opinion? Results of a multicentre survey of healthcare professionals, patients and caregivers. European Journal of Cancer Care, 12 . pp. 20-27. (doi:10.1046/j.1365-2354.2003.00329.x)

Anderson, A, Lean, M, and Roos, G (2002) Dietary interventions in Finland, Norway and Sweden: nutrition policies and strategies. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 15 . pp. 99-110.

Ashihara, H, Burns, J, Crozier, A, Lean, MEJ, and Yokota, T (2002) Plant foods and herbal sources of resveratrol. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50 . pp. 3337-3340. (doi:10.1021/jf0112973)

Burns, J, Crozier, A, Landrault, N, Lean, MEJ, Mullen, W, and Teissedre, PL (2002) Variations in the profile and content of anthocyanins in wines made from Cabernet Sauvignon and hybrid grapes. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50 . pp. 4096-4102. (doi:10.1021/jf011233s)

Crozier, A, Duthie, GG, Gardner, P, Lean, MEJ, Mullen, W, and Stewart, AJ (2002) Effect of freezing and storage on the phenolics, ellagitannins, flavonoids, and antioxidant capacity of red raspberries. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50 . pp. 5197-5201. (doi:10.1021/jf020141f)

Crozier, A, Lean, MEJ, and Mullen, W (2002) Rapid characterization of anthocyanins in red raspberry fruit by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to single quadrupole mass spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography A, 966 . pp. 63-70.

Crozier, A., Duthie, G.G., Gardner, P., Lean, M.E.J., MacLean, M.R., McGinn, J., Mullen, W., and Yokota, T. (2002) Ellagitannins, flavonoids, and other phenolics in red raspberries and their contribution to antioxidant capacity and vasorelaxation properties. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50 . pp. 5191-5196. (doi:10.1021/jf020140n)

Currall, JEP, Hankey, CR, Lean, MEJ, Leslie, WS, and Matthews, D (2002) Weight change after myocardial infarction: statistical perspectives for future study. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 15 . pp. 439-444.

Gonzalez-Villalpando, C, Haffner, SM, Han, TS, Lean, MEJ, Sattar, N, and Williams, K (2002) Prospective study of C-reactive protein in relation to the development of diabetes and metabolic syndrome in the Mexico City Diabetes Study. Diabetes Care, 25 . pp. 2016-2021.

Haffner, SM, Han, TS, Hunt, KJ, Lean, MEJ, Sattar, N, and Williams, K (2002) Analysis of obesity and Hyperinsulinemia in the development of metabolic syndrome: San Antonio Heart Study. Obesity Research, 10 . pp. 923-931.

Han, TS, and Lean, M (2002) Waist worries. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 76 (4). pp. 699-700.

Hankey, C., Leslie, W.S., and Lean, M.E.J. (2002) Why lose weight? Reasons for seeking weight loss by overweight but otherwise healthy men. International Journal of Obesity, 26 . pp. 880-882. ISSN 0307-0565 (doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0801999)

Hankey, C.R., Lean, M.E.J., Lowe, G.D.O., Rumley, A., and Woodward, M. (2002) Effects of moderate weight loss on anginal symptoms and indices of coagulation and fibrinolysis in overweight patients with angina pectoris. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56 (10). pp. 1039-1045. ISSN 0954-3007

Anderson, AS, Bradby, H, Bush, H, Han, TS, Lean, MEJ, and Williams, R (2001) Ethnic differences in anthropometric and lifestyle measures related to coronary heart disease risk between South Asian, Italian and general-population British women living in the west of Scotland. International Journal of Obesity, 25 . pp. 1800-1805.

Anderson, AS, Bush, HM, Lean, MEJ, and Williams, RGA (2001) Body image and weight consciousness among South Asian, Italian and general population women in Britain. Appetite, 37 . pp. 207-215. (doi:10.1006/appe.2001.0424)

Anderson, AS, and Lean, M (2001) Diabetes - high time to assess dietetic effectiveness. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 14 (6). pp. 421-422.

Burns, J, Crozier, A, Duthie, GG, Gardner, PT, Lean, MEJ, and Matthews, D (2001) Extraction of phenolics and changes in antioxidant activity of red wines during vinification. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 49 . pp. 5797-5808. (doi:10.1021/jf010682p)

Burns, J., Crozier, A., and Lean, M.E.J. (2001) Alcohol consumption and mortality: Is wine different from other alcoholic beverages? Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, 11 . pp. 249-258. ISSN 0939-4753

Bush, H., Williams, R., Lean, M.E.J., and Anderson, A. (2001) Body image and weight consciousness among South Asian, Italian, and general population women in Britain. Appetite, 37 (3). pp. 207-215. ISSN 0195-6663 (doi:10.1006/appe.2001.0424)

Campbell, S, Danesh, BJ, Doherty, EM, Lean, M, Maxwell, PR, Rahman, MZ, and Timms, PM (2001) Effect of alcohol withdrawal on liver transaminase levels and markers of liver fibrosis. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 16 (11). pp. 1254-1259.

Clifford, M.N., Lean, M., Rice-Evans, C.A., Riemersma, R.A., and Tyrrell, R.M. (2001) Tea flavonoids and cardiovascular health. QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians, 94 (5). pp. 277-282.

Lean, M.E.J., Hans, T., Anderson, A.S., Bradby, H., and Williams, R. (2001) Ethnic differences in anthropometric and lifestyle measures related to coronary heart disease risk between South Asian, Italian and general population British women living in the West of Scotland. International Journal of Obesity, 25 (12). pp. 1800-1805. ISSN 0307-0565

Lean, MEJ (2001) How does sibutramine work? International Journal of Obesity, 25 . S8-S11.

Sattar, N, Clark, P, Holmes, A, Lean, MEJ, Walker, I, and Greer, IA (2001) Antenatal waist circumference and hypertension risk. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 97 . pp. 268-271.

Lean, M (2000) Obesity: Burdens of illness and strategies for prevention or management. Drugs of Today, 36 (11). pp. 773-784.

Al-Gindan, Y.Y., Hankey, C.R., Leslie, W., Govan, L., and Lean, M.E. Predicting muscle mass from anthropometry using magnetic resonance imaging as reference: a systematic review. Nutrition Reviews, 72 (2). pp. 113-126. ISSN 0029-6643 (doi:10.1111/nure.12096)

Lee, D.M. et al. Cohort profile: The European Male Ageing Study. International Journal Epidemiology, 42 (2). pp. 391-401. ISSN 0300-5771 (doi:10.1093/ije/dyr234)

McCombie, L., Lean, M., and Haslam, D. Effective UK weight management services for adults. Clinical Obesity , 2 (3-4). pp. 96-102. ISSN 1758-8111 (doi:10.1111/j.1758-8111.2012.00049.x)

Book Section

Lean, M.E.J., Ashihara, H., Clifford, M., and Crozier, A. (2012) Teas, cocoa and coffee. In: Crozier, A, Ashihara, H and Tomas-Barberan, F (eds.) Teas, Cocoa and Coffee: Plant secondary metabolites and health. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, UK, pp. 25-44. ISBN 9781444334418

Lean, M.E.J., Ashihara, H., Clifford, M.N., and Crozier, A. (2012) Purine alkaloids: a focus on caffeine and related compounds in beverages. In: Crozier, A., Ashihara, H. and Tomás-Barbéran, F. (eds.) Teas, Cocoa and Coffee: Plant Secondary Metabolites and Health. Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK, pp. 25-44. ISBN 9781444334418

Lean, M. (2010) Health consequences of overweight and obesity in adults. In: Crawford, D., Jeffery, R., Ball, K. and Brug, J. (eds.) Obesity Epidemiology: From Aetiology to Public Health. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK, pp. 43-58. ISBN 9780199571512

This list was generated on Wed Apr 16 19:35:53 2014 BST.

Grants and Awards listed are those received whilst working with the University of Glasgow.

  • Making healthy tasty - improving uptake of healthy lunches for school pupils
    Technology Strategy Board (TSB)
    2014 - 2014
     
  • Reversal of T2DM to normal glucose tolerance using non-surgical weight management with low-energy-liquid-diet and long-term maintenance, within routine NHS care.
    Diabetes UK
    2014 - 2018
     
  • SurgiCal Obesity Treatment Study (SCOTS)
    National Institute for Health Research
    2012 - 2026
     
  • Family Observational Study
    The Robert Gordon University
    2011 - 2011
     
  • Inter-individual variations in the colonic metabolism of flavonols
    Tenovus-Scotland
    2010 - 2012
     
  • LCLD Feasibility Study
    The Robert Gordon University
    2010 - 2010
     
  • Prevalence of low and marginal iodine status in women of child-bearing age and influence of goitrogen-rich food intake
    Yorkhill Children's Foundation
    2010 - 2011
     
  • The eatwell week sample menu: the application of eatwell plate advice to weekly food intake
    Food Standards Agency Scotland
    2009 - 2011
     
  • Does intra-abdominal fat accumulation induce intrasphincteric acid reflux and metaplasia at gastro-oesophageal junction?
    Scottish Executive Health Department
    2009 - 2012
     
  • Reducing false-positives in the HVA assay for the diagnosis of catecholamine-secreting tumours: Possible dietary interference
    Scottish Executive Health Department
    2008 - 2009
     
  • Food Choice and changes in body weight and shape in those attempting smoking cessation
    Food Standards Agency
    2007 - 2010
     
  • Does oral creatine supplementation enhance recovery from COPD exacerbation?
    Scottish Executive Health Department
    2007 - 2008
     
  • An investigation of the predictive value of the measurement of upright free-living physical activity in determining the risk factors of heart disease - a pilot study.
    Scottish Executive Health Department
    2005 - 2006
     
  • Is iron status in dieting pre-menopausal women affected by red meat consumption?
    Meat and Livestock Commission
    2005 - 2006
     
  • Are the effects of moderate exercise on postprandial metabolism influenced by energy deficit?
    Tenovus-Scotland
    2004 - 2006
     
  • Do bioactive compounds in raspberries affect macrophage function in patients with stable chronic COPD?
    Chest, Heart & Stroke, Scotland
    2004 - 2006
     
  • Small changes in physical activity and diet to avoid weight gain
    Leverhulme Trust
    2004 - 2005
     
  • An investigation of the functional significance of a genetic predisposition to human obesity
    BBSRC
    2003 - 2005
     
  • Identification and Assessment of Nutritional Relevance of Antioxidant Compounds From Soft Fruit Species
    Scottish Office Agriculture, Environment & Fisheries Dept.
    1999 - 2006