Professor Anna Amtmann
- Professor for Molecular Plant Physiology (Institute of Molecular Cell and Systems Biology)
Molecular mechanisms for mineral nutrition and salt/drought tolerance of plants
Why study mineral nutrition and salt/drought tolerance?
One of the major challenges for mankind in this century is to provide enough food for a rapidly expanding world population while preserving ecological and energy resources of our planet. According to the United Nations (2006) the world population will likely grow by 2.5 billion over the next 43 years, passing from the current 6.7 billion to 9.2 billion in 2050. A massive increase in crop production is required to meet the food demands of future generations; in 2020 the world agriculture will have to produce about 3.4 billion tons of cereals per year to meet the global demands. This increase in crop production has to come from:
- Yield increase on existing arable land, which is limited by the (financial and ecological) costs of irrigation, fertilization and pest/disease control
- Expansion of arable land, which is limited by global soil degradation in the form of erosion, nutrient depletion, water scarcity and salinity
To ensure rapid progress in both directions plant scientists have to work closely together with breeders and ecologists.
The contribution of our laboratory to global food security is to provide an understanding of the molecular mechanisms determining:
- Nutrient usage efficiency
- Salt and drought tolerance
- Interaction between abiotic and biotic stress
Experimental research in the laboratory addresses specific questions in the following areas:
- Ion & water homeostasis
- Systems biology and metabolism
- Nutrient sensing and root architecture
- Transcriptional regulation and epigenetics
- Cross-talk of abiotic and biotic stress responses
We apply a wide range of techniques and methodologies:
- Molecular biology and genetics
- High-throughput screening and phenomics
- Microarrays and Illumina sequencing
- ChIP and MeDIP
- Microelectrodes and patch (voltage) clamp
- Biochemistry and proteomics
- Fluorescence imaging and laser microscopy
Experimental systems used in our research include:
- Model species (Arabidopsis thaliana)
- Extremophiles (Thellungiella halophila)
- Crops (barley, Brassica sp)
- Heterologous expression systems (Xenopus oocytes, yeast, insect and mammalian cell line)
For more information on research projects and people please visit the laboratory webpage at http://www.psrg.org.uk/
Grants and Awards listed are those received whilst working with the University of Glasgow.
- Identification of stage-specific promoter elements in photosynthetic bacteria (ISSF Catalyst)
2014 - 2015
- EPIPRIMING: Keeping ready for battle: understanding fundamental mechanisms of establishment and maintenance of epigenetic marks underlying abiotic stress memory in plants.
2014 - 2016
- Molecular function and crop improvement potential of Histone Deacteylation Complex 1
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
2013 - 2016
- ISG-EPSRC: Patent application in the area of water security
Engineering & Physical Sciences Research Council
2012 - 2013
- Biodesalination: from cell to tap.
2011 - 2014
- Increased pest resistance in oilseed rape mediated by an enhanced UV-B response
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
2011 - 2014
- Stress memory and its relation to stress tolerance in plants
2009 - 2012
- Inorganic ions and plant metabolism - target, signals and responses
2006 - 2008
- Understanding the molecular basis of K-N interactions during plant nutritional stress
2005 - 2005
- Studies on an arabidopsis Myb transcription factor that controls salinity tolerance
2005 - 2008
- Potassium ? the osmotic force driving plant growth
2004 - 2006
- Functional genomics of nutrient transport in arabidopsis: a bioinformatics approach
2003 - 2005
- Elucidating signalling pathways in plant K homeostasis on the basis ofgene expression patterns
2002 - 2006
- 2012 - ongoing: Plant, Cell & Environment
- 2012 - ongoing: Plant Physiology
- 2009 - 2012: Plant Biology
- 2005 - ongoing: BMC Plant Methods
Grant Advisory Board
- 2013 - 2014: DBT/Crop Genomics and Technologies Initiative (CGAT) - Assessment Panel
- 2013 - ongoing: BBSRC Crop Improvement Research Club (CIRC) - Member of Steering Group
- 2010 - ongoing: International Network in Plant Abiotic Stress - (EU COST action FA0605) - Member of Management Committee
- 2009 - 2011: EU COST Action FA0605 - Management Committee
- 2008 - 2010: Genomic Arabidopsis Resource Network(GARNet) - Member of Advisory Committee
Invited International Presentations
- 2013: Perth, Australia - Annual Meeting of the Australian Science Societies 'ComBio 2013'
- 2013: Puerto Varas, Chile - 2nd International Symposium on the Nitrogen Nutrition of Plants 'Nitrogen 2013'
- 2012: Hong Kong, China - Gordon Research Conference, 'Salt and Water Stress in Plants'
- 2012: Vienna, Austria - International Conference, 'Plant Growth, Nutrition and Environment Interactions'
- 2011: Conegliano, Italy - BIONUT 'State of the art in plant nutrition research'
- 2010: Valencia, Spain - INPAS Meeting: Plant Abiotic Stress; From Signaling to Crop Improvement
- 2010: Les Diablerets, Switzerland - Chair Gordon Research Conference 'Salt and Water Stress in Plants'
- 2009: Vienna, Austria - International Conference on Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance
- 2009: Lausanne, Switzerland - Invited Talk - Regulatory Oxylipins Conference
- 2009: Adelaide, Australia - ACPFG Symposium 'Genomics of Salinity'
- 2008: Big Sky, Montana, USA - Vice-Chair Gordon Research Conference 'Salt and Water Stress in Plants'
- 2008: Cordoba, Argentina - Annual Meeting of SAIB
- 2008: Cold Spring Harbour, Huntington, New York, USA - Nutrient Sensing in Plants
- 2007: Cambridge, England, UK - International Fertiliser Society: Potassium and Magnesium
- 2007: Valencia, Spain - International Workshop on Plant Membrane Biology
- 2006: Potsdam, Germany - Max-Planck Institute Seminar
- 2005: Barcelona, Spain - Annual meeting of the Society of Experimental Biology
- 2004: Cracow, Poland - 14th Congress of the Federation of European Societies of Plant Biology
- 2004: Montpellier, France - International Workshop on Plant Membrane Biology
- 2004: Paris, France - Integrating international research on plant abiotic stress tolerance using Arabidopsis related model species: Thellungiella halophila (BBSRC International workshop)
- 2004: Hong Kong, China - Gordon Conference on Plant Salt and Water Stress
- 2003: Barcelona, Spain - International Congress of Plant Molecular Biology
Professional Learned Society
- 2004 - ongoing: Biochemical Society - Member
- 2002 - ongoing: American Society of Plant Biologists - Member
- 1994 - ongoing: Society for Experimental Biology - Life Member
R229 Level 2,
Institute of MC&SB,
Glasgow G12 8QQ