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Leon Trotsky

a virtual exhibition

Introduction ~ Overview of the Trotsky Collection ~ Chronology of Trotsky's Life  ~ Exhibition of Trotsky material

Selection of items from the Trotsky Collection in Special Collections

Cours nouveau

Paris: 1924
Sp Coll Trotsky F73.12

Edited and translated by Boris Souvarine, this is a French translation of Novyi kurs (New course), a work which grew out of a series of articles in Pravda in December 1923. An English translation of this work did not appear until 1943.

Kuda idet Angliya?

Moskva, Leningrad: Gosizdat, 1925
Sp Coll Trotsky R87.93

Wohin treibt England?

Berlin: Deutsche Verlagsgesellschaft für Politik und Geschichte, 1925
Sp Coll Trotsky G37.117/1

Where is Britain going?

London: George Allan & Unwin Ltd, 1926
Sp Coll Trotsky E64.197

The first editions (in Russian, German and English) of Trotsky's classic analysis of British capitalism, its ruling-class ideology, and the bankruptcy of its socialist intellectuals. While this English edition has an introduction by noted British journalist H. N. Brailsford, it was subsequently replaced in a second edition by a translation of Trotsky's own introduction to the 1926 popular German edition (A copy of the second British edition, which was published by the Communist Party of Great Britain, is held at Sp Coll Bissett 515). Brailsford, Bertrand Russell and others accused Trotsky of gravely misrepresenting the British situation. Trotsky's reply to Russell was first printed in the newspaper Derites kak Chërti (Hold on like devils) in May 1926.

Mein Leben
Frankfurt: Fischer Verlag, 1930
Sp Coll Trotsky G37.35
Sp Coll Trotsky G37.50

Moya zhizn
Berlin: Granit, 1930
, 2v.
Sp Coll Trotsky R87.81-2

My Life
New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1930
Sp Coll Trotsky U72.91

Mijn leven
Amsterdam: Querido, 1930
Sp Coll Trotsky D88.18

The first German, Russian, English and Dutch editions of Trotsky's famous autobiography.

Istoriya Russkoi revolyutsii

Berlin: Granit, 1931-33
, 2v. in 3
Sp Coll Trotsky R87.88-90

The first edition of Trotsky's History of the Russian Revolution, his major historical study.

Stalinskaya shkola fal'sifikatsii
Berlin: Granit, 1932
Sp Coll Trotsky R87.83

The Stalin school of falsification

New York: Pioneer Publishers, 1937
Sp Coll Trotsky U72.168

The first Russian and English language editions. An illustration in the English language edition shows the galley proofs of the minutes of the Petrograd Committee of Bolsheviks held on November 1(14). These minutes were omitted from the published edition of 1927, Trotsky argues, on account of the passage, marked in the margin, in which Lenin speaks of Trotsky with approval.

La revolution Trahie

Traduit de Russe par Victor Serge. 13e Edition.
Paris: Grasset, 1936
Sp Coll Trotsky F73.91

La revolution traicionada

Version Castellana del autor.
Buenos Aires: Claridad, 1938
Sp Coll Trotsky S62.249

The Revolution Betrayed, Trotsky's Marxist analysis of what happened to the Russian Revolution after the death of Lenin, translated into French and Portugese.

Su moral y la nuestra

Mexico: Ediciones de Clave, 1939
Sp Coll Trotsky S62.213

The first Spanish edition of Ikh moral I nasha (Their morals and ours), perhaps the most striking statement by a Marxist on ethics.

Proekt platformy Bol'shevikov-Lenintsev (Oppositsii)

Sp Coll Trotsky R87.40

A photocopy of the original document submitted to the fifteenth Congress of the All-Union Communist Party. This 'Draft platform of the Bolshevik-Leninist Opposition' was the principal statement of the Left Opposition and contained a summing up of every criticism of Stalinist policy. It was signed by thirteen prominent members of the Central Committee, among them Zinoviev, Kamenev, Rakovsky and Trotsky.

A review and some perspectives

Translated from the Russian by J. Fineberg
Moscow: Communist International, 1921
Sp Coll Trotsky E64.129

The first English edition of this work. Trotsky's preface is dated 1919.

Russland in der Revolution
Dresden: Kaden & Comp, pref. 1909
Sp Coll Trotsky G37.169

Written while in Vienna, this work provides an account of the 1905 revolution and the subsequent arrest, trial and banishment to Siberia of the leaders of the St Petersburg Soviet. It was later published under the title 1905. The final two chapters, dealing with Trotsky's escape, had earlier furnished material for a bestseller, Tuda I obratno (There and back), published in St. Petersburg in 1907.

Der Krieg und die Internationale

Zurich: 'Borba', (1914)
Sp Coll Trotsky G37.43


The Bolsheviki and world peace

New York: Boni & Liveright, 1918
Sp Coll Trotsky U72.11

War or revolution

Glasgow: Socialist Labour Press, 1918
Sp Coll Trotsky E64.174

Three editions (the last much abbreviated) of Trotsky's statement of his anti-war policy. The US edition is said to have exerted a direct influence on President Wilson in the formulation of the Fourteen Points.


V plenu u Anglichan

(Prisoner of the British)
Petrograd: Kniga, 1917
Sp Coll Trotsky R87.47

Describes his experience in the prisoner-of-war camp in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Ot Oktyabrya do Bresta
Kharkov: lzdatelstvo Proletarii, 1924
Sp Coll Trotsky R87.85

Von der Oktober-Revolution bis zum Brester Friedensvertrag
Belp-Bern: Promachos-Verlag, 1918
Sp Coll Trotsky G37.177


The history of the Russian revolution to Brest-Litovsk
Glasgow: Socialist Labour Press, 1919
. 2v.
Sp Coll Trotsky E64.48/49

Den Russiske arbeiderrevolution: fra Novemberrevoution til Brestfqêden
Kristiania: Norges Soc. Dems Ungdomsforbund, 1919
Sp Coll Trotsky N67.6

Four editions of Trotsky's first account of the October Revolution up to the peace negotiations with Germany at Brest-Litovsk: the third (really fourth) Russian; the first German; the second English; and the first Norwegian.
(For further reading on the peace negotiations: Russia and Germany at Brest-Litovsk by Judah L Magnes (New York: Rand School of Social Sciences, 1919) Sp Coll Trotsky 189)


Kommunisticheskoe dvizhenie vo Frantsii

Moskva: Moskovskii rabochii ,1923, 2v.
Sp Coll Trotsky R87.78/9

The first edition of The Communist movement in France.

Voprosy byta

Moskva: Gosizdat, 1925.
Sp Coll Trotsky R87.76

The third Russian edition of Problems of life, a collection of essays dealing with various aspects of life, manners, drinking, family upheavals, the cinema etc. in post-revolutionary Russia.

Mon exil

Brussels: Editions du Groupe Communiste d'Opposition Belge, 1929.
Sp Coll Trotsky F73.112

A French translation of Chto I kak proizoshlo? (What and how it happened), explaining the circumstances of his exile from the Soviet Union.

he Draft Program of the Communist International: a criticism of fundamentals
New York: The Militant, 1929
Sp Coll Trotsky U72.29


Die internationale Revolution und die kommunistische Internationale
Berlin: Laubsche Verlagsbuchhandlung, 1929
Sp Coll Trotsky G37.27


The strategy of the world revolution
New York: Communist League of America, 1930
Sp Coll Trotsky U72.173

A critical commentary on the Draft programme drawn up by Bukharin and Stalin before the Sixth Congress of the Communist International. lt was sent to the Congress, but was never distributed to delegates or discussed. A copy, however, was secretly smuggled to the West by James Cannon and Maurice Spector. The German and first and second US editions are shown above. The US editions feature introductions from Cannon and Max Schachtman respectively.

La "troisième période" d'erreurs de I'Internationale Communiste

Paris: Libraire du Travail, 1930.
Sp Coll Trotsky F73.174

From the Bibiliothèqué de l'Opposition Communiste series. The Libraire du Travail imprint published several works by Trotsky, as well as others, including Victor Serge and Rosa Luxemburg.

The founding conference of the Fourth International: program and resolutions

New York: The Socialist Workers Party, 1939.
Sp Coll Trotsky Add 6

Includes congress greetings to Trotsky, as well as his article: The Death Agony of Capitalism and The Tasks of The Fourth International.

De Octubre rojo a mi destierro: ensayos

Madrid: Zeus, 1931
Sp Coll Trotsky S62.247

An unauthorised compilation of four of Trotsky's writings, translated by German Gomez de la Mata (i.e. Jorge Gorkin). The title is translated as From Red October to my exile.

What is a peace programme?

Petrograd: Bureau of International Propaganda, 1918
Sp Coll Trotsky E64.177

A photocopy of this rare edition. It was also printed in a later edition.


Other works of interest (thumbnails not included for copyright reasons):

Trotsky's diary in exile 1935
Cambridge (Mass.): Harvard U.P., 1958.
Sp Coll Trotsky U72.198

Dnevniki i pis'ma
(Diary and letters)
Tenafly (N.J.): Hermitage, 1986
Sp Coll Trotsky
The diary Trotsky kept in France and Norway during 1935,
which was published in 1986 for the first time in Russian, and edited by Yuri Felshtinsky from the original manuscript, which is preserved in the Houghton Library of Harvard University.

Stalin: an appraisal of the man and his influence
New York and London: Harper & Brothers, 1946
Sp Coll Trotsky U72.160
Trotsky was working on this book at the time of his assassination in August 1940. He had only completed the first seven chapters and the appendix. The remaining five chapters were compiled from the author's extensive notes by Charles Malamuth, who also translated the work. This edition was ready in 1941 , but publication was delayed, on account of the war, until 1946.

Benson (Vermont): Chalidze, 1985. 2v.
Sp Coll Trotsky R87.121-122
First edition of the Russian text, edited by Yuri Felshtinsky from the original manuscripts, notes and other documents in the Houghton Library, Harvard University.

Barcelona: José Janés, 1948
Sp Coll Trotsky S62.207
This Spanish edition carries a note
from Natalya Sedova, Trotsky's widow, disclaiming any responsibility for the additions and revisions made by Malamuth in the Harper edition, which she regards as expressing his own views.

My flight from Siberia
Translated by Malcolm Campbell
London: Slieger, 1977
Sp Coll Trotsky E64.91

A reprint of the Jugendinternationale edition of Tuda I obratno of 1923.

Or go to: significant works ~ other works ~ the Moscow trials ~ periodicals

Tyo kuri ja järjestys pelastavat sosialistisen neuvostotasvallan

Pietari(Petrograd): Suomalaisen Kommunistisen Puollueen Keskuskömitea, 1918
Sp Coll Trotsky F46.2

Arbeit, Disziplin und Ordnung werden die sozialistische Sowjet-Republik retten!

Basel: Verlag Buchhandlung des Arbeitersbund, 1918
Sp Coll Trotsky G37.125

Translated as Work, discipline and order will save the Socialist Soviet Republic, the Finnish and German language editions of Trotsky's speech to the Russian Communist Party conference in Moscow, 28th March, 1918.

Istoriya Sovieta Rabochikh Deputatov g. S-Peterburga

St. Petersburg: Glagolev, 1906.
Sp Coll Trotsky R87.84

Entitled History of the Soviet of Workers' Deputies of St. Petersburg, this collection of essays has contributions by Trotsky (note the use of the initial 'N' rather than the later 'L') and Khrustalev-Nossar, who had preceded Trotsky as chairman of the Soviet.

One year of revolution celebrating the First Anniversary of the founding of the Russian Soviet Republic

New York: Socialist Publication Society, November 7, 1918
Sp Coll Trotsky U72.237

Contains copies of documents, together with articles by Louis Fraina, John Reed, Sen Katayama, Albert Rhys Williams and others.

Trotsky on the ILP

Sp Coll Trotsky E64.238

Typescript carbon of an interview with Trotsky conducted by 'Robertson' (E Bimey) in Norway, 1935, on the nature of the Independent Labour Party.

Or go to: significant works ~ other works ~ essays and speeches ~ periodicals

The case of the Trotskyite-Zinovievite terrorist centre

Moscow: People's Commissariat of Justice of the U.S.S.R., 1936
Sp Coll Trotsky 330

The case of the anti-Soviet Trotskyite centre

Moscow: People's Commissariat of Justice of the USSR, 1937
Sp Coll Trotsky 331

The case of the anti-soviet 'Bloc of rights and Trotskyites'

Moscow: People's Commissariat of Justice of the USSR, 1938
Sp Coll Trotsky 332

Verbatim reports of the Moscow Trials, which followed in the wake of the assassination of Sergei Kirov, Secretary of the Communist Party in Leningrad in 1934. Zinoviev and Kamenev were accused of being responsible for his death, and together with many other supposed Zinovievites and Trotskyites, were indicted and tried for subversion and terrorist attacks against the Soviet Union.

The case of Leon Trotsky: report of hearings on the charges made against him at the Moscow Trials

London: Secker & Warburg, 1937
Sp Coll Trotsky 1

The report of the commission set up to inquire into the charges made against Trotsky in the Moscow trials. It was headed by the American philosopher John Dewey and after nine months of deliberation, issued its findings, which established Trotsky's innocence.

Or go to: significant works ~ other works ~ essays and speeches ~ the Moscow trials


(The fight)
St. Petersburg: 1914

Sp Coll Trotsky Pers


This was the organ of the St Petersburg Interdistrict Organisation, and was founded by Trotsky with Alexandra Kollontai, Lunacharsky, Pokrovsky and Radek.

Byulleten' Oppozitsii
(Bulletin of the Opposition)
No.3-4, September, 1929
Sp Coll Trotsky

Byulleten' Oppozitsii

(Bulletin of the Opposition)
No.31, November, 1932
Sp Coll Trotsky

Founded and edited by Trotsky, many of the articles in this periodical were written by the man himself. Both issues in the exhibition contain articles signed by Trotsky. The Trotsky collection also includes a reprint set of the full number, 1929-1941 (Sp Coll Trotsky Pers).

The Communist International

No.5, 1919
Sp Coll Trotsky


L'Internationale Communiste

No.11 , 1920
Sp Coll Trotsky



Communist International

June 1, 1933
Sp Coll Trotsky Pers

The collection has several issues of this journal, mostly from the years 1919-1923. A complete set of the German version (1919-1923) is also held (Sp Coll Trotsky Pers).

De Lenine à Staline

Crapouiillot, Numéro spécial, January 1937
Sp Coll Trotsky Pers

A special edition of the French magazine, written by Victor Serge. It was also published as a book in English by Pioneer Publishers, New York in the same year (Sp Coll Trotsky 119).


Return to the introduction, the overview of the Trotsky Collection or the chronology of Trotsky's life

Top: Trotsky's passport picture, circa 1915, aged 36.
Photo from:
The Bolsheviki and World Peace, New York: Boni & Liveright, 1918 (Sp Coll Trotsky U72.11)