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title-page verso and folio 2r from
Diaz Libro de albeyteria (Hunterian By.3.1)

Manuel Diaz Libro de albeyteria
Valladolid: Juan de Burgos, 1500
Hunterian By.3.1

This treatise on veterinary medicine was translated from the Latin by Martin Martínez de Ampiés and was first published at Saragossa in 1495.

Juan de Burgos originally set up his press in Burgos in 1489 and by 1499 he had printed twenty books there. In 1500 he temporarily abandoned Burgos for Valladolid where he printed three books in that year and two in 1501. By 1502 he had returned to Burgos where he produced his last dated work in October. His press was carried on by Andrés de Burgos who was probably his son.


portrait of author from Monardes Historia medicinal... (Hunterian Cc.2.16)

Nicolas Monardes Primera y segunda y tercera partes de la Historia medicinal de las cosas que se traen de nuestras Indias Occidentales, que sirven en medicina.
Seville: Fernando Diaz, 1580
Hunterian Cc.2.16

A physician and native of Seville, Nicolas Monardes never left the city of his birth. Despite this, the fact that Seville held a monopoly on trade with the Americas, enabled him to familiarise himself with a large number of medicinal plants which grew there. He composed a Dialogo llamado Pharmacodilosis o declaracion medicinal (1536), a treatise on the rose in Latin, edited the Sevillana medicina of Juan Aviñon (1545) and wrote this work, in which he gives account of the properties of several resins, balms as well as tobacco. It first appeard in two books in 1569-71.


pages 110 - 111 from Acosta Tractado de las drogas, y medicinas de las Indias Orientales (Ferguson An-a.15)

Cristóbal Acosta Tractado de las drogas, y medicinas de las Indias Orientales
Burgos: Ilartin de Victoria, 1578
Ferguson An-a.15

Cristóbal Acosta (c. 1515-1580), Jewish surgeon, physician, and botanist, was a Portuguese subject. He accompanied the Portuguese Viceroy Dom Luis de Ataide to India, and there spent many years practising medicine. Later he travelled in Persia, China and Africa for the purpose of studying natural history. On his return to Europe he settled down in Burgos in Spain, where he wrote books in Spanish. One of his principal works is this Tractado, which is still regarded as an important and authoritative work on the subject of medicines and drugs. The woodcuts are reproduced from freehand drawings executed by the author, and illustrate many Asiatic plants which had, until then, been unknown in Europe.


title-page of Ciruelo
Reprobación de las supersticiónes y hechizerias (Ferguson Ag-c.7)

Pedro Sanchez Ciruelo Reprobación de las supersticiónes y hechizerias
Salamanca: Pedro de Castro, 1541
Ferguson Ag-c.7

Pedro Sanchez Ciruelo, one of the illustrious theologians and mathematicians of the Sixteenth Century, was born at Daroca, Spain, probably during the latter part of the Fifteenth Century, and died circa 1550.

This work is an exposition of the various forms of black magic which were prevalent in Ciruelo's day, and which he condemns as vigorously as the principles of 'false astrology.' As a distinguished mathematician, he was careful to differentiate between this and the 'true astrology,' which is now termed astronomy. Ciruelo condemns necromancy, cheiromancy, omens, divination, the wearing of amulets, the observation of 'propitious' hours of the day, occult means of attracting wealth, love or success in gambling, exorcisers, and even certain religious rites practised by those 'who make their prayer to God and the Virgin' on account of their similarity to superstitions.


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