What is philosophy? What is it to philosophise? What do philosophers do? This course will answer these questions by charting the history of modern philosophy up to the present day, covering all the main areas of philosophy: metaphysics (the study of the ultimate nature of reality), epistemology (the study of knowledge and justified belief), value theory (the study of ethical, political, religious and aesthetic value), and logic (the study of reason). Along the way, the work of key figures from the history of philosophy will be discussed, including Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Hume, Kant, Mill, and Russell, as well as more contemporary thinkers.