Research Summary

Research Summary

Work-related behavioural requirements have proliferated across social security systems in recent decades, in both the UK and internationally. Such conditions are increasingly demanded of individuals claiming unemployment and other out-of-work benefits, and are enforced through the threat and imposition of benefit sanctions. This research uses quantitative methods to understand the relationship between benefit sanctions and mental health outcomes in the UK.

Research Interests

  • Social determinants of health
  • Social Security
  • Welfare Reform
  • Political Economy

Sponsor / Funder

Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) +3 Scholarship


Research Report:
Williams, E., Bailey, N. & McNulty, D. (2018). Report on the Child Poverty Strategy for Scotland 2014-2017. Glasgow: Policy Scotland.

Conference Presentations:
Williams, E. (2018). The impact of benefit sanctions on the mental health of JSA claimants. In: Social Policy Association Annual conference, University of York, 13th July 2018.
Williams, E. (2018). The relationship between benefit sanctions and antidepressant prescribing in England. In: Welfare Conditionality International conference, University of York, 27th June 2018.
Williams, E. & Bailey, N. (2018). Neighbourhood Effects and Occupational Mobility in Scotland: limits to the ‘tenure-split’ approach. In: CALLS Hub conference 2018, University of St. Andrews, 23rd March 2018.



    Graduate Teaching Assistant:


    • Social & Public Policy 1A: Foudnations of the Welfare State;
    • Social & Public Policy 2A: Perspectives on Public Policy: Conflicting Ideas and Changing Agendas;
    • Social & Public Policy 2B: Policy, Politics and Power



    • Quantitative Data Analysis

    Additional Information

    Associate Fellowship (AF) of the University of Glasgow’s Recognising Excellence in Teaching (RET) scheme. RET is fully aligned with the UKPSF, the nationally-recognised framework for benchmarking success within HE teaching and learning support