Nina Miller Westoby


PhD Topic

The emerging concept of carer in EU law: a socio-legal investigation


Professor Jane Mair
Ms Maria Fletcher








Nina joined the Law School in 2012 as a University Teaching Fellow and is now an ESRC Doctoral Researcher. She has taught on and convened courses on EU, UK and Scottish public law and is currently completing a PhD in EU law. Before joining the University of Glasgow, Nina was a Research Fellow at the University of Edinburgh Law School working as part of a team on a Nuffield Foundation funded research project where she looked at the interaction between EU law and UK law in the area of free movement of people, immigration and citizenship. Whilst at Edinburgh University Nina completed her LLM in European Law.

Nina is also a qualified solicitor in Scotland and trained at Brodies LLP. She then worked as a legal policy analyst for the Scottish Government on a number of projects involving the coordination of legal obligations between government departments and between the Scottish Government and international bodies. Before qualifying Nina took part in two international legal internships, one at the International Bar Association participating in an project training Iraqi lawyers and judges in human rights law and secondly at the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative in New Delhi, India, on a project raising public awareness of human rights institutions in India.

Nina is a member of the Academic Association for Contemporary European Studies (UACES), the Glasgow Refugee, Asylum and Migration Network (GRAMNet), the Immigration Law Practitioners Association (ILPA) and, the Scottish Universities Legal Network on Europe (SULNE).


Research Interests

I am an EU lawyer and I am interested in how law affects people’s lives directly, in a day to day way; this includes the legal frameworks relating to migration and free movement, citizenship, employment law and human rights. My current research explores how certain aspects of EU law affect the lives of people who have caring responsibilities and the consequences this may have.  For this I focus on the EU free movement of people provisions (and EU citizenship) and the area of work place gender equality. My PhD adopts a socio-legal methodology to do this and I combine doctrinal research with research interviews. My PhD is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC). 


Constitutional Law – Level One
EU Law – Level Two (previous course convener)
Institutions and Judicial Control of the EU - Level Three (previous course convener)
Immigration and Asylum Law - Level Four (previous course co-convener)
European Politics and Law - MSc
Labour Law - LLB Honours (guest tutor - University of Edinburgh)



‘What would be the implications for Scotland of a vote in the EU referendum for the UK to leave the EU?’ Immigration Law Practitioner’s Association EU referendum Position Paper June 2016 Nina Miller Westoby, Maria Fletcher and Sarah Craig

‘When legal worlds collide: an exploration of what happens when EU free movement law meets UK immigration law’ European Law Review 2013, 38(2), 137-166

When Legal Worlds Collide: An Exploration of What Happens When EU Free Movement Law Meets UK Immigration Law Shaw, J. & Miller, N. 2012 SSRN: University of Edinburgh, School of Law, Working Papers, 2012

‘Getting to grips with EU citizenship’ Understanding the friction between UK immigration law and EU free movement law’ Edinburgh Law School Citizenship Studies Jo Shaw, Nina Miller, Maria Fletcher

‘European Citizenship Rights in Internal Situations: An Ambiguous Revolution? European Court of Justice. Decision of 8 March 2011, Gerardo Ruiz Zambrano v. Office national de l’emploi (ONEM), Case C-34/09’ European Constitutional Law Review 2011 Volume 7, Issue 2, 287-307 Anja Lansbergen and Nina Miller


The UK’s EU Referendum: Implications for Scotland’s Constitutional Settlement Sarah Craig, Nina Miller Westoby, Maria Fletcher

Tensions between EU and UK Law are having a negative effect on the free movement of EU citizens Jo Shaw, Nina Miller, Maria Fletcher

Conference Papers

The interrelation of mobility, gender and care: examining the ‘primary carer’ case law of the CJEU’ as part of Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence, Centre for European and Transnational Legal Studies, Academic Seminar: Mobility and Equality – Friend or Foe? As part of events organised by the project Tensions at the Fringes of the EU (7 June 2016)

‘Families, can’t live with them, can’t live without them. A socio-legal study of the overlap and friction between EU free movement law, immigration law and families in the UK’ as part of the University of Liverpool School of Law and Social Justice EU Law Seminar Series, Liverpool (2 April 2014)

‘Free Movement law and its relevance for Turkey – EU Association Law: A socio-legal investigation’ as part of ‘The Principle Of Non-Discrimination In The European Union And Rights Of Turkish Nationals’ organized by the Economic Development Foundation – IKV, Istanbul, Turkey (8 October 2013)

‘The overlap between EU free movement law, immigration law and families: a socio-legal investigation into the friction experienced in the UK’ as part of the University of Glasgow GRAMNet seminar series, University of Glasgow (28 November 2013)

National Courts vis-a-vis EU Law: New Issues, Theories and Methods ‘UK Tribunals and EU Legal Integration: Alleviating the Friction between EU Free Movement Rules and UK Immigration Law’ European University Institute, Florence (November 2012)

LISBOAN Conference on EU Citizenship, ‘What it means to be an EU citizen, EU citizenship as an experience’, The Federal Trust, London (March 2012)

GRAMnet Postgraduate Colloquium: The 1951 UN Refugee Convention - 60 Years On, ‘Friction and Overlap between EU Free Movement Rules and Immigration Law in the UK’, University of Glasgow (June 2011)

Socio-Legal Studies Association Annual Conference, ‘Friction and Overlap between EU Free Movement Rules and Immigration Law in the UK’, University of Sussex (May 2011)