Dr William Whyte

  • Honorary Research Fellow (School of Engineering)

email: William.Whyte@glasgow.ac.uk

Mechanical Engineering, James Watt Building

ORCID iDhttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-8315-1220

Publications

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Number of items: 99.

2020

Whyte, W. and Lytsy, B. (2020) Criticisms of Teo et al.'s study of ultraclean air systems in operating theatres. Journal of Hospital Infection, 105(2), pp. 339-340. (doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2020.02.001) (PMID:32057787)

Eaton, T., Ramscar, L., Cox, J. and Whyte, W. (2020) Investigation of the transfer of septum microbial contamination by hypodermic needles. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 25(1), (doi: 10.37521/ejpps/2501)

Whyte, W. (2020) Reply to E. Houltz. Journal of Hospital Infection, 104(3), pp. 391-393. (doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2019.12.018) (PMID:31881252)

2019

Whyte, W. and Lytsy, B. (2019) Ultraclean air systems and the claim that laminar airflow systems fail to prevent deep infections after total joint arthroplasty. Journal of Hospital Infection, 103(1), e9-e15. (doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2019.04.021) (PMID:31059724)

2018

Whyte, W. and Agricola, K. (2018) Comparison of the removal of macroparticles and MCPs in cleanrooms by surface deposition and mechanical ventilation. Clean Air and Containment Review, 35, pp. 4-10.

Whyte, W. (2018) Advances in Cleanroom Technology. Euromed Communications. ISBN 9780995666665

Whyte, W. , Whyte, W.M., Ward, S. and Agricola, K. (2018) Ventilation effectiveness in cleanrooms and its relation to decay rate, recovery rate, and air change rate. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 23(4), pp. 126-134.

2017

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2017) Assessment of degree of risk from sources of microbial contamination in cleanrooms; 3: Overall application. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 22(2), pp. 38-49.

Whyte, W. , Eaton, T., Whyte, W.M., Lenegan, N., Ward, S. and Agricola, K. (2017) Calculation of air supply rates and concentrations of airborne contamination in non-UDAF cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 22(4), pp. 126-138.

2016

Whyte, W. , Agricola, K. and Derks, M. (2016) Airborne particle deposition in cleanrooms: calculation of product contamination and required cleanroom class. Clean Air and Containment Review, 26, pp. 4-10.

Whyte, W. , Lenegan, N. and Eaton, T. (2016) Ensuring the air supply rate to a cleanroom complies with the EU GGMP and ISO 14644-3 recovery rate requirements. Clean Air and Containment Review, 26, pp. 22-24.

Whyte, W. , Agricola, K. and Derks, M. (2016) Airborne particle deposition in cleanrooms: relationship between deposition rate and airborne concentration. Clean Air and Containment Review, 25, pp. 4-10.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2016) Deposition velocities of airborne microbe-carrying particles. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 21(2), pp. 45-49.

Whyte, W. , Lenegan, N. and Eaton, T. (2016) Calculation of airborne cleanliness and air supply rate for non-unidirectional airflow cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 21(3), pp. 79-88.

Whyte, W. , Lenegan, N. and Eaton, T. (2016) Equations for predicting airborne cleanliness in non-unidirectional airflow cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 21(2), pp. 38-43.

2015

Whyte, W. , Agricola, K. and Derks, M. (2015) Airborne particle deposition in cleanrooms: deposition mechanisms. Clean Air and Containment Review, 24, pp. 4-9.

Whyte, W. (2015) The effect of mechanical ventilation and clothing on airborne microbes and wound sepsis in hospital operating rooms, part 2. Clean Air and Containment Review, 23, pp. 4-12.

Whyte, W. (2015) The effect of mechanical ventilation and clothing on airborne microbes and wound sepsis in hospital operating rooms, part 1. Clean Air and Containment Review, 22, pp. 4-11.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2015) Assessment of degree of risk from sources of microbial contamination in cleanrooms; 1: Airborne. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 20(2), pp. 52-62.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2015) Assessment of degree of risk from sources of microbial contamination in cleanrooms; 2: surfaces and liquids. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 20(4), pp. 117-126.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2015) Microbial transfer by surface contact in cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 20(4), pp. 127-131.

2014

Whyte, W. , Ward, S., Whyte, W.M. and Eaton, T. (2014) The application of the ventilation equations to cleanrooms - Part 2: Decay of contamination. Clean Air and Containment Review(20), pp. 4-9.

Eaton, T., Wardle, C. and Whyte, W. (2014) Use of real-time microbial air sampling for operational cleanroom monitoring. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 68(2), pp. 172-184. (doi: 10.5731/pdajpst.2014.00952)

Whyte, W. , Ward, S., Whyte, W.M. and Eaton, T. (2014) Decay of airborne contamination and ventilation effectiveness of cleanrooms. International Journal of Ventilation, 13(3), pp. 1-10.

Whyte, W. , Whyte, W.M., Eaton, T. and Lenegan, N. (2014) Calculation of air supply rates for nonunidirectional airflow cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 19(4), pp. 121-129.

2013

Whyte, W. , Whyte, W.M., Blake, S. and Green, G. (2013) Dispersion of microbes from floors when walking in ventilated rooms. International Journal of Ventilation, 12(3), pp. 271-284.

Whyte, W. , Green, G. and Whyte, W.M. (2013) Removal efficiency of high efficiency air filters against microbe-carrying particles (MCPs) in cleanrooms. Clean Air and Containment Review, 14, pp. 4-8.

2012

Whyte, W. , Whyte, W.M. and Eaton, T. (2012) The application of the ventilation equations to cleanrooms part 1: the equations. Clean Air and Containment Review, 12, pp. 4-8.

Whyte, W. , Green, G. and Whyte, W.M. (2012) Removal of microbe-carrying particles by high efficiency air filters in cleanrooms. International Journal of Ventilation, 10(4), pp. 339-351.

Eaton, T., Davenport, C. and Whyte, W. (2012) Airborne microbial monitoring in an operational cleanroom using an instantaneous detection system and high efficiency microbial samplers. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 17(2), pp. 61-69.

2010

Whyte, W. , Hejab, M., Whyte, W.M. and Green, G. (2010) Experimental and CFD airflow studies of a cleanroom with special respect to air supply inlets. International Journal of Ventilation, 9(3), pp. 197-209. (doi: 10.1080/14733315.2010.11683880)

Whyte, W. , Whyte, W.M. and Green, G. (2010) The measurement of air supply volumes and velocities in cleanrooms. International Journal of Ventilation, 8(4), pp. 325-336.

Whyte, W. (2010) Cleanroom Technology: Fundamentals of Design, Testing and Operation. John Wiley & Son Ltd: Chichester, UK. ISBN 9780470748060

2008

Whyte, W. (2008) The development of cleanroom technology (1865-1965). In: Sørensen, J.S. (ed.) Proceedings of the 39th R3 Symposium on Contamination Control : Comwell Borupgaard, Denmark, May 4-6 2008. R3 Nordic: Limhamnsvägen, Sweden, pp. 3-8.

2007

Whyte, W. , Green, G. and Albisu, A. (2007) Collection efficiency and design of microbial air samplers. Journal of Aerosol Science, 38(1), pp. 101-114. (doi: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2006.09.004)

Whyte, W. and Hejab, M. (2007) Particle and microbial airborne dispersion from people. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 12(2), pp. 39-46.

2005

Whyte, W. (2005) Collection efficiency of microbial methods used to monitor cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 10(2), pp. 3-7.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2005) Risk Management of Contamination (RMC) During Manufacturing Operations in Cleanrooms. Series: PS Technical Monograph, 14. Parenteral Society: Swindon, UK. ISBN 9781905271122

2004

Whyte, W. (2004) Assessing microbial risk to patients from aseptically manufactured pharmaceuticals. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9(3), pp. 71-77.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2004) Microbial risk assessment in pharmaceutical cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9(1), pp. 16-23.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2004) Microbiological contamination models for use in risk assessment during pharmaceutical production. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9(1), pp. 11-15.

2002

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2002) A cleanroom contamination control system. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 7(2), pp. 55-61.

2001

Whyte, W. (2001) Cleanroom classification standards. In: Whyte, W. (ed.) Cleanroom Technology:Fundamentals of Design, Testing and Operation. Wiley, pp. 21-36. ISBN 9780471868422 (doi:10.1002/0470858389.ch3)

2000

Farquaharson, G. and Whyte, W. (2000) Isolators and barrier devices in pharmaceutical manufacturing. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 54(10), pp. 33-43. (PMID:10778307)

1998

Whyte, W. , Matheis, W., Dean-Netcher, M. and Edwards, A. (1998) Airborne contamination during blow-fill-seal pharmaceutical production. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 52(3), pp. 89-99. (PMID:9691671)

1996

Whyte, W. (1996) In support of settle plates. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 50(4), pp. 201-204. (PMID:8810833)

Whyte, W. , Shields, T. and Prvan, T. (1996) Cleanroom mats: An investigation of particle removal. Journal of the Institute of Environmental Sciences, 39(4), pp. 19-27.

Whyte, W. , Shields, T. and Wilson, I. (1996) Cleanroom mats: an investigation of adhesive strength and soil removal from shoes. Environmental Engineering, 9(1),

1993

Whyte, W. (1993) Mini-environments and the cleanroom. Professional Engineering, 6(8), pp. 25-26.

1992

Whyte, W. , Hambraeus, A., Laurell, G. and Hoborn, J. (1992) The relative importance of the routes and sources of wound contamination during general surgery. II. Airborne. Journal of Hospital Infection, 22(1), pp. 41-54. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(92)90129-a) (PMID:1358946)

1991

Whyte, W. , Hambraeus, A., Laurell, G. and Hoborn, J. (1991) The relative importance of routes and sources of wound contamination during general surgery. I. Non-airborne. Journal of Hospital Infection, 18(2), pp. 93-107. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(91)90154-Z) (PMID:1678765)

1990

Hambræus, A., Hoborn, J. and Whyte, W. (1990) Skin sampling—validation of a pad method and comparison with commonly used methods. Journal of Hospital Infection, 16(1), pp. 19-27. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(90)90045-P) (PMID:1974903)

Whyte, W. , Hamblen, D.L., Kelly, I.G., Hambraeus, A. and Laurell, G. (1990) An investigation of occlusive polyester surgical clothing. Journal of Hospital Infection, 15(4), pp. 363-374. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(90)90093-4) (PMID:1972952)

Hambraeus, A., Laurell, G., Nybacka, O. and Whyte, W. (1990) Biliary tract surgery: a bacteriologic and epidemiologic study. Acta Chirurgica Scandinavica, 156(2), pp. 155-162. (PMID:2330794)

1989

Whyte, W. , Carson, W. and Hambraeus, A. (1989) Methods for calculating the efficiency of bacterial surface sampling techniques. Journal of Hospital Infection, 13(1), pp. 33-41. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(89)90093-5) (PMID:2564016)

Whyte, W. and Bailey, P. (1989) Particle dispersion in relation to clothing. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 32(2), pp. 43-49.

Whyte, W. , Niven, L. and Bell, N.D. (1989) Microbial growth in small-volume pharmaceuticals. Journal of Parenteral Science and Technology, 43(5), pp. 208-212. (PMID:2809928)

1988

Whyte, W. (1988) The role of clothing and drapes in the operating room. Journal of Hospital Infection, 11, pp. 2-17. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(88)90019-9) (PMID:2899119)

1987

Lidwell, O. M., Elson, R. A., Lowbury, E. J. L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S. J. and Lowe, D. (1987) Ultraclean air and antibiotics for prevention of postoperative infection: A multicenter study of 8,052 joint replacement operations. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, 58(1), pp. 4-13. (doi: 10.3109/17453678709146334) (PMID:3107337)

Whyte, W. and Donaldson, N. (1987) Cleaning a cleanroom. Microcontamination, 5(11), pp. 49-53.

1986

Whyte, W. (1986) Sterility assurance and models for assessing airborne bacterial contamination. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 40(5), pp. 188-197. (PMID:3794897)

Whyte, W. and Niven, L. (1986) Airborne bacteria sampling: the effect of dehydration and sampling time. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 40(5), pp. 182-188. (PMID:3540252)

1985

Lidwell, O. M., Lowbury, E. J. L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R. and Lowe, D. (1985) Extended follow-up of patients suspected of having joint sepsis after total joint replacement. Journal of Hygiene, 95(3), pp. 655-664. (doi: 10.1017/s0022172400060757) (PMID:4093608) (PMCID:PMC2129562)

Whyte, W. and Bailey, P. (1985) Reduction of microbial dispersion by clothing. Journal of Parenteral Science and Technology, 39(1), pp. 51-60.

1984

Whyte, W. (1984) The influence of clean room design on product contamination. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 38(38), pp. 103-108. (PMID:6747777)

Whyte, W. , Hilditch, T.E. and Bell, N.D.S. (1984) Microbial contamination of pharmaceutical injections at the site of administration. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 9(1), pp. 61-67. (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2710.1984.tb00919.x) (PMID:6715562)

Lidwell, O. M., Lowbury, E. J. L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S. J. and Lowe, D. (1984) Infection and sepsis after operations for total hip or knee-joint replacement: influence of ultraclean air, prophylactic antibiotics and other factors. Journal of Hygiene, 93(3), pp. 505-529. (doi: 10.1017/S0022172400065098) (PMID:6512253) (PMCID:PMC2129460)

1983

Whyte, W. , Bailey, P.V., Hamblen, D.L., Fisher, W.D. and Kelly, I.G. (1983) A bacteriologically occlusive clothing system for use in the operating room. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British volume, 65-B(4), pp. 502-506. (doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.65B4.6874723)

Whyte, W. (1983) A multicentred investigation of clean air requirements for terminally sterilized pharmaceuticals. Journal of Parenteral Science and Technology, 37(4), pp. 138-144. (PMID:6620047)

Lidwell, O.M., Lowbury, E.J.L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S.J. and Lowe, D. (1983) Airborne contamination of wounds in joint replacement operations: the relationship to sepsis rates. Journal of Hospital Infection, 4(2), pp. 111-131. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(83)90041-5) (PMID:6195220)

Whyte, W. , Lidwell, O.M., Lowbury, E.J.L. and Blowers, R. (1983) Suggested bacteriological standards for air in ultraclean operating rooms. Journal of Hospital Infection, 4(2), pp. 133-139. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(83)90042-7) (PMID:6195221)

Lidwell, O.M., Lowbury, E.J.L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S.J., Lowe, D. and Meers, P.D. (1983) Ventilation in operating rooms. British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition), 286(6372), pp. 1214-1215.

Lidwell, O.M., Lowbury, E.J.L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S.J. and Lowe, D. (1983) Bacteria isolated from deep joint sepsis after operation for total hip or knee replacement and the sources of the infections with Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Hospital Infection, 4(1), pp. 19-29. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(83)90061-0) (PMID:6190881)

Robertson, P., Whyte, W. and Bailey, P. (1983) A unidirectional aerodynamic class I microbiological safety cabinet. Medical Laboratory Sciences, 40(2), pp. 159-164.

1982

Lidwell, O.M., Lowbury, E.J., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S.J. and Lowe, D. (1982) Effect of ultraclean air in operating rooms on deep sepsis in the joint after total hip or knee replacement: a randomised study. British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed.), 285(6334), pp. 10-14. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.285.6334.10) (PMID:6805791) (PMCID:PMC1499116)

Whyte, W. , Hodgson, R. and Tinkler, J. (1982) The importance of airborne bacterial contamination of wounds. Journal of Hospital Infection, 3(2), pp. 123-135. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(82)90004-4) (PMID:6181129)

Whyte, W. , Bailey, P., Tinkler, J., McCubbin, I., Young, L. and Jess, J. (1982) An evaluation of the routes of bacterial contamination occurring during aseptic pharmaceutical manufacturing. Journal of Parenteral Science and Technology, 36(3), pp. 102-107.

Whyte, W. (1982) Airborne infection in operating rooms and the effect of ventilation and clothing. Japanese Journal of Medical Instrumentation, 52(11), pp. 549-556.

1981

Whyte, W. , Hodgson, R., Tinkler, J. and Graham, J. (1981) The isolation of bacteria of low pathogenicity from faulty orthopaedic implants. Journal of Hospital Infection, 2, pp. 219-230. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(81)90041-4) (PMID:6174589)

Whyte, W. (1981) The Casella Slit Sampler or the Biotest Centrifugal Sampler—which is the more efficient? Journal of Hospital Infection, 2, pp. 297-299. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(81)90062-1) (PMID:6175686)

Whyte, W. (1981) Settling and impaction of particles into containers in manufacturing pharmacies. Journal of Parenteral Science and Technology, 35(5), pp. 255-261. (PMID:7299604)

1978

Whyte, W. , Hodgson, R., Bailey, P. V. and Graham, J. (1978) The reduction of bacteria in the operation room through the use of non-woven clothing. British Journal of Surgery, 65(7), pp. 469-474. (doi: 10.1002/bjs.1800650708) (PMID:667541)

Whyte, W. and Bailey, P. (1978) Effectiveness of a partial-wall laminar-flow system with special regard to air supply temperature. Journal of the Society of Environmental Engineers, 17(4), pp. 29-32.

Whyte, W. , Hodgson, R. and Bailey, P. (1978) Evaluation of the Charnley-Howorth Exflow Operating-room System. ., pp. 46-51.

1976

Whyte, W. , Vesley, D. and Hodgson, R. (1976) Bacterial dispersion in relation to operating room clothing. Journal of Hygiene, 76(3), pp. 367-378. (doi: 10.1017/s0022172400055297) (PMID:778258) (PMCID:PMC2129678)

1975

Whyte, W. , Shaw, B. and Bailey, P. (1975) Assessment of partial walls for a down-flow laminar-flow system. Journal of the Society of Environmental Engineers, 14(3), pp. 13-17.

1974

Shaw, B. and Whyte, W. (1974) Air movement through doorways – the influence of temperature and its control by forced airflow. Building Services Engineering, 42, pp. 210-218.

Whyte, W. and Shaw, B. (1974) Comparison of ventilation systems in operating rooms. Bulletin de la societe internationale de chirurgie, 33(1), pp. 42-52. (PMID:4835672)

Whyte, W. and Shaw, B. H. (1974) The effect of obstructions and thermals in laminar-flow systems. Journal of Hygiene, 72(3), pp. 415-423. (doi: 10.1017/S0022172400023652) (PMID:4526407) (PMCID:PMC2130525)

Whyte, W. , Shaw, B. H. and Freeman, M. A. R. (1974) An evaluation of a partial-walled laminar-flow operating room. Journal of Hygiene, 73(1), pp. 61-74. (doi: 10.1017/S0022172400023858) (PMID:4529595) (PMCID:PMC2130548)

1973

Whyte, W. , Shaw, B. H. and Barnes, R. (1973) A bacteriological evaluation of laminar-flow systems for orthopaedic surgery. Journal of Hygiene, 71(3), pp. 559-564. (doi: 10.1017/S0022172400046544) (PMID:4518355) (PMCID:PMC2130579)

1971

Whyte, W. , Shaw, B.H. and Barnes, R. (1971) An experimental laminar-flow operating-room. Lancet, 298(7730), pp. 905-906. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(71)92506-2) (PMID:4106662)

Whyte, W. (1971) An experimental down-cross flow operating room. Contamination Control, 10(11), 6-9 passim. (PMID:4257239)

1970

Whyte, W. and Carson, W. (1970) Operating-theater ventilation. Lancet, 295(7657), p. 1179. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(70)91255-9) (PMID:4192132)

Whyte, W. , Howie, J.G.R. and Eakin, J.E. (1970) Ventilation and bacterial spread in hospital. Lancet, 295(7645), pp. 522-523. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(70)91608-9) (PMID:4190203)

1969

Whyte, W. , Howie, J. G. R. and Eakin, J. E. (1969) Bacteriological observations in a mechanically ventilated experimental ward and in two open-plan wards. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 2(3), pp. 335-345. (doi: 10.1099/00222615-2-3-335) (PMID:5405713)

Baird, G. and Whyte, W. (1969) Air-movement control for treatment and isolation rooms. Journal of Hygiene, 67(2), pp. 225-232. (doi: 10.1017/S0022172400041620) (PMID:5255884) (PMCID:PMC2130721)

Whyte, W. , Baird, G. and Annand, R. (1969) Bacterial contamination on the surface of hospital linen chutes. Journal of Hygiene, 67(3), pp. 427-435. (doi: 10.1017/S002217240004184X) (PMID:5258222) (PMCID:PMC2130739)

1968

Whyte, W. (1968) Bacteriological aspects of air-conditioning plants. Epidemiology and Infection, 66(4), pp. 567-584. (doi: 10.1017/S002217240002831X) (PMID:4303954) (PMCID:PMC2130670)

This list was generated on Fri Aug 7 00:28:44 2020 BST.
Number of items: 99.

Articles

Whyte, W. and Lytsy, B. (2020) Criticisms of Teo et al.'s study of ultraclean air systems in operating theatres. Journal of Hospital Infection, 105(2), pp. 339-340. (doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2020.02.001) (PMID:32057787)

Eaton, T., Ramscar, L., Cox, J. and Whyte, W. (2020) Investigation of the transfer of septum microbial contamination by hypodermic needles. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 25(1), (doi: 10.37521/ejpps/2501)

Whyte, W. (2020) Reply to E. Houltz. Journal of Hospital Infection, 104(3), pp. 391-393. (doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2019.12.018) (PMID:31881252)

Whyte, W. and Lytsy, B. (2019) Ultraclean air systems and the claim that laminar airflow systems fail to prevent deep infections after total joint arthroplasty. Journal of Hospital Infection, 103(1), e9-e15. (doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2019.04.021) (PMID:31059724)

Whyte, W. and Agricola, K. (2018) Comparison of the removal of macroparticles and MCPs in cleanrooms by surface deposition and mechanical ventilation. Clean Air and Containment Review, 35, pp. 4-10.

Whyte, W. , Whyte, W.M., Ward, S. and Agricola, K. (2018) Ventilation effectiveness in cleanrooms and its relation to decay rate, recovery rate, and air change rate. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 23(4), pp. 126-134.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2017) Assessment of degree of risk from sources of microbial contamination in cleanrooms; 3: Overall application. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 22(2), pp. 38-49.

Whyte, W. , Eaton, T., Whyte, W.M., Lenegan, N., Ward, S. and Agricola, K. (2017) Calculation of air supply rates and concentrations of airborne contamination in non-UDAF cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 22(4), pp. 126-138.

Whyte, W. , Agricola, K. and Derks, M. (2016) Airborne particle deposition in cleanrooms: calculation of product contamination and required cleanroom class. Clean Air and Containment Review, 26, pp. 4-10.

Whyte, W. , Lenegan, N. and Eaton, T. (2016) Ensuring the air supply rate to a cleanroom complies with the EU GGMP and ISO 14644-3 recovery rate requirements. Clean Air and Containment Review, 26, pp. 22-24.

Whyte, W. , Agricola, K. and Derks, M. (2016) Airborne particle deposition in cleanrooms: relationship between deposition rate and airborne concentration. Clean Air and Containment Review, 25, pp. 4-10.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2016) Deposition velocities of airborne microbe-carrying particles. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 21(2), pp. 45-49.

Whyte, W. , Lenegan, N. and Eaton, T. (2016) Calculation of airborne cleanliness and air supply rate for non-unidirectional airflow cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 21(3), pp. 79-88.

Whyte, W. , Lenegan, N. and Eaton, T. (2016) Equations for predicting airborne cleanliness in non-unidirectional airflow cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 21(2), pp. 38-43.

Whyte, W. , Agricola, K. and Derks, M. (2015) Airborne particle deposition in cleanrooms: deposition mechanisms. Clean Air and Containment Review, 24, pp. 4-9.

Whyte, W. (2015) The effect of mechanical ventilation and clothing on airborne microbes and wound sepsis in hospital operating rooms, part 2. Clean Air and Containment Review, 23, pp. 4-12.

Whyte, W. (2015) The effect of mechanical ventilation and clothing on airborne microbes and wound sepsis in hospital operating rooms, part 1. Clean Air and Containment Review, 22, pp. 4-11.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2015) Assessment of degree of risk from sources of microbial contamination in cleanrooms; 1: Airborne. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 20(2), pp. 52-62.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2015) Assessment of degree of risk from sources of microbial contamination in cleanrooms; 2: surfaces and liquids. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 20(4), pp. 117-126.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2015) Microbial transfer by surface contact in cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 20(4), pp. 127-131.

Whyte, W. , Ward, S., Whyte, W.M. and Eaton, T. (2014) The application of the ventilation equations to cleanrooms - Part 2: Decay of contamination. Clean Air and Containment Review(20), pp. 4-9.

Eaton, T., Wardle, C. and Whyte, W. (2014) Use of real-time microbial air sampling for operational cleanroom monitoring. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 68(2), pp. 172-184. (doi: 10.5731/pdajpst.2014.00952)

Whyte, W. , Ward, S., Whyte, W.M. and Eaton, T. (2014) Decay of airborne contamination and ventilation effectiveness of cleanrooms. International Journal of Ventilation, 13(3), pp. 1-10.

Whyte, W. , Whyte, W.M., Eaton, T. and Lenegan, N. (2014) Calculation of air supply rates for nonunidirectional airflow cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 19(4), pp. 121-129.

Whyte, W. , Whyte, W.M., Blake, S. and Green, G. (2013) Dispersion of microbes from floors when walking in ventilated rooms. International Journal of Ventilation, 12(3), pp. 271-284.

Whyte, W. , Green, G. and Whyte, W.M. (2013) Removal efficiency of high efficiency air filters against microbe-carrying particles (MCPs) in cleanrooms. Clean Air and Containment Review, 14, pp. 4-8.

Whyte, W. , Whyte, W.M. and Eaton, T. (2012) The application of the ventilation equations to cleanrooms part 1: the equations. Clean Air and Containment Review, 12, pp. 4-8.

Whyte, W. , Green, G. and Whyte, W.M. (2012) Removal of microbe-carrying particles by high efficiency air filters in cleanrooms. International Journal of Ventilation, 10(4), pp. 339-351.

Eaton, T., Davenport, C. and Whyte, W. (2012) Airborne microbial monitoring in an operational cleanroom using an instantaneous detection system and high efficiency microbial samplers. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 17(2), pp. 61-69.

Whyte, W. , Hejab, M., Whyte, W.M. and Green, G. (2010) Experimental and CFD airflow studies of a cleanroom with special respect to air supply inlets. International Journal of Ventilation, 9(3), pp. 197-209. (doi: 10.1080/14733315.2010.11683880)

Whyte, W. , Whyte, W.M. and Green, G. (2010) The measurement of air supply volumes and velocities in cleanrooms. International Journal of Ventilation, 8(4), pp. 325-336.

Whyte, W. , Green, G. and Albisu, A. (2007) Collection efficiency and design of microbial air samplers. Journal of Aerosol Science, 38(1), pp. 101-114. (doi: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2006.09.004)

Whyte, W. and Hejab, M. (2007) Particle and microbial airborne dispersion from people. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 12(2), pp. 39-46.

Whyte, W. (2005) Collection efficiency of microbial methods used to monitor cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 10(2), pp. 3-7.

Whyte, W. (2004) Assessing microbial risk to patients from aseptically manufactured pharmaceuticals. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9(3), pp. 71-77.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2004) Microbial risk assessment in pharmaceutical cleanrooms. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9(1), pp. 16-23.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2004) Microbiological contamination models for use in risk assessment during pharmaceutical production. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 9(1), pp. 11-15.

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2002) A cleanroom contamination control system. European Journal of Parenteral and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 7(2), pp. 55-61.

Farquaharson, G. and Whyte, W. (2000) Isolators and barrier devices in pharmaceutical manufacturing. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 54(10), pp. 33-43. (PMID:10778307)

Whyte, W. , Matheis, W., Dean-Netcher, M. and Edwards, A. (1998) Airborne contamination during blow-fill-seal pharmaceutical production. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 52(3), pp. 89-99. (PMID:9691671)

Whyte, W. (1996) In support of settle plates. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 50(4), pp. 201-204. (PMID:8810833)

Whyte, W. , Shields, T. and Prvan, T. (1996) Cleanroom mats: An investigation of particle removal. Journal of the Institute of Environmental Sciences, 39(4), pp. 19-27.

Whyte, W. , Shields, T. and Wilson, I. (1996) Cleanroom mats: an investigation of adhesive strength and soil removal from shoes. Environmental Engineering, 9(1),

Whyte, W. (1993) Mini-environments and the cleanroom. Professional Engineering, 6(8), pp. 25-26.

Whyte, W. , Hambraeus, A., Laurell, G. and Hoborn, J. (1992) The relative importance of the routes and sources of wound contamination during general surgery. II. Airborne. Journal of Hospital Infection, 22(1), pp. 41-54. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(92)90129-a) (PMID:1358946)

Whyte, W. , Hambraeus, A., Laurell, G. and Hoborn, J. (1991) The relative importance of routes and sources of wound contamination during general surgery. I. Non-airborne. Journal of Hospital Infection, 18(2), pp. 93-107. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(91)90154-Z) (PMID:1678765)

Hambræus, A., Hoborn, J. and Whyte, W. (1990) Skin sampling—validation of a pad method and comparison with commonly used methods. Journal of Hospital Infection, 16(1), pp. 19-27. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(90)90045-P) (PMID:1974903)

Whyte, W. , Hamblen, D.L., Kelly, I.G., Hambraeus, A. and Laurell, G. (1990) An investigation of occlusive polyester surgical clothing. Journal of Hospital Infection, 15(4), pp. 363-374. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(90)90093-4) (PMID:1972952)

Hambraeus, A., Laurell, G., Nybacka, O. and Whyte, W. (1990) Biliary tract surgery: a bacteriologic and epidemiologic study. Acta Chirurgica Scandinavica, 156(2), pp. 155-162. (PMID:2330794)

Whyte, W. , Carson, W. and Hambraeus, A. (1989) Methods for calculating the efficiency of bacterial surface sampling techniques. Journal of Hospital Infection, 13(1), pp. 33-41. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(89)90093-5) (PMID:2564016)

Whyte, W. and Bailey, P. (1989) Particle dispersion in relation to clothing. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 32(2), pp. 43-49.

Whyte, W. , Niven, L. and Bell, N.D. (1989) Microbial growth in small-volume pharmaceuticals. Journal of Parenteral Science and Technology, 43(5), pp. 208-212. (PMID:2809928)

Whyte, W. (1988) The role of clothing and drapes in the operating room. Journal of Hospital Infection, 11, pp. 2-17. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(88)90019-9) (PMID:2899119)

Lidwell, O. M., Elson, R. A., Lowbury, E. J. L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S. J. and Lowe, D. (1987) Ultraclean air and antibiotics for prevention of postoperative infection: A multicenter study of 8,052 joint replacement operations. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, 58(1), pp. 4-13. (doi: 10.3109/17453678709146334) (PMID:3107337)

Whyte, W. and Donaldson, N. (1987) Cleaning a cleanroom. Microcontamination, 5(11), pp. 49-53.

Whyte, W. (1986) Sterility assurance and models for assessing airborne bacterial contamination. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 40(5), pp. 188-197. (PMID:3794897)

Whyte, W. and Niven, L. (1986) Airborne bacteria sampling: the effect of dehydration and sampling time. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 40(5), pp. 182-188. (PMID:3540252)

Lidwell, O. M., Lowbury, E. J. L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R. and Lowe, D. (1985) Extended follow-up of patients suspected of having joint sepsis after total joint replacement. Journal of Hygiene, 95(3), pp. 655-664. (doi: 10.1017/s0022172400060757) (PMID:4093608) (PMCID:PMC2129562)

Whyte, W. and Bailey, P. (1985) Reduction of microbial dispersion by clothing. Journal of Parenteral Science and Technology, 39(1), pp. 51-60.

Whyte, W. (1984) The influence of clean room design on product contamination. PDA Journal of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology, 38(38), pp. 103-108. (PMID:6747777)

Whyte, W. , Hilditch, T.E. and Bell, N.D.S. (1984) Microbial contamination of pharmaceutical injections at the site of administration. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 9(1), pp. 61-67. (doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2710.1984.tb00919.x) (PMID:6715562)

Lidwell, O. M., Lowbury, E. J. L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S. J. and Lowe, D. (1984) Infection and sepsis after operations for total hip or knee-joint replacement: influence of ultraclean air, prophylactic antibiotics and other factors. Journal of Hygiene, 93(3), pp. 505-529. (doi: 10.1017/S0022172400065098) (PMID:6512253) (PMCID:PMC2129460)

Whyte, W. , Bailey, P.V., Hamblen, D.L., Fisher, W.D. and Kelly, I.G. (1983) A bacteriologically occlusive clothing system for use in the operating room. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British volume, 65-B(4), pp. 502-506. (doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.65B4.6874723)

Whyte, W. (1983) A multicentred investigation of clean air requirements for terminally sterilized pharmaceuticals. Journal of Parenteral Science and Technology, 37(4), pp. 138-144. (PMID:6620047)

Lidwell, O.M., Lowbury, E.J.L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S.J. and Lowe, D. (1983) Airborne contamination of wounds in joint replacement operations: the relationship to sepsis rates. Journal of Hospital Infection, 4(2), pp. 111-131. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(83)90041-5) (PMID:6195220)

Whyte, W. , Lidwell, O.M., Lowbury, E.J.L. and Blowers, R. (1983) Suggested bacteriological standards for air in ultraclean operating rooms. Journal of Hospital Infection, 4(2), pp. 133-139. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(83)90042-7) (PMID:6195221)

Lidwell, O.M., Lowbury, E.J.L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S.J., Lowe, D. and Meers, P.D. (1983) Ventilation in operating rooms. British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Edition), 286(6372), pp. 1214-1215.

Lidwell, O.M., Lowbury, E.J.L., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S.J. and Lowe, D. (1983) Bacteria isolated from deep joint sepsis after operation for total hip or knee replacement and the sources of the infections with Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Hospital Infection, 4(1), pp. 19-29. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(83)90061-0) (PMID:6190881)

Robertson, P., Whyte, W. and Bailey, P. (1983) A unidirectional aerodynamic class I microbiological safety cabinet. Medical Laboratory Sciences, 40(2), pp. 159-164.

Lidwell, O.M., Lowbury, E.J., Whyte, W. , Blowers, R., Stanley, S.J. and Lowe, D. (1982) Effect of ultraclean air in operating rooms on deep sepsis in the joint after total hip or knee replacement: a randomised study. British Medical Journal (Clinical Research Ed.), 285(6334), pp. 10-14. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.285.6334.10) (PMID:6805791) (PMCID:PMC1499116)

Whyte, W. , Hodgson, R. and Tinkler, J. (1982) The importance of airborne bacterial contamination of wounds. Journal of Hospital Infection, 3(2), pp. 123-135. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(82)90004-4) (PMID:6181129)

Whyte, W. , Bailey, P., Tinkler, J., McCubbin, I., Young, L. and Jess, J. (1982) An evaluation of the routes of bacterial contamination occurring during aseptic pharmaceutical manufacturing. Journal of Parenteral Science and Technology, 36(3), pp. 102-107.

Whyte, W. (1982) Airborne infection in operating rooms and the effect of ventilation and clothing. Japanese Journal of Medical Instrumentation, 52(11), pp. 549-556.

Whyte, W. , Hodgson, R., Tinkler, J. and Graham, J. (1981) The isolation of bacteria of low pathogenicity from faulty orthopaedic implants. Journal of Hospital Infection, 2, pp. 219-230. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(81)90041-4) (PMID:6174589)

Whyte, W. (1981) The Casella Slit Sampler or the Biotest Centrifugal Sampler—which is the more efficient? Journal of Hospital Infection, 2, pp. 297-299. (doi: 10.1016/0195-6701(81)90062-1) (PMID:6175686)

Whyte, W. (1981) Settling and impaction of particles into containers in manufacturing pharmacies. Journal of Parenteral Science and Technology, 35(5), pp. 255-261. (PMID:7299604)

Whyte, W. , Hodgson, R., Bailey, P. V. and Graham, J. (1978) The reduction of bacteria in the operation room through the use of non-woven clothing. British Journal of Surgery, 65(7), pp. 469-474. (doi: 10.1002/bjs.1800650708) (PMID:667541)

Whyte, W. and Bailey, P. (1978) Effectiveness of a partial-wall laminar-flow system with special regard to air supply temperature. Journal of the Society of Environmental Engineers, 17(4), pp. 29-32.

Whyte, W. , Hodgson, R. and Bailey, P. (1978) Evaluation of the Charnley-Howorth Exflow Operating-room System. ., pp. 46-51.

Whyte, W. , Vesley, D. and Hodgson, R. (1976) Bacterial dispersion in relation to operating room clothing. Journal of Hygiene, 76(3), pp. 367-378. (doi: 10.1017/s0022172400055297) (PMID:778258) (PMCID:PMC2129678)

Whyte, W. , Shaw, B. and Bailey, P. (1975) Assessment of partial walls for a down-flow laminar-flow system. Journal of the Society of Environmental Engineers, 14(3), pp. 13-17.

Shaw, B. and Whyte, W. (1974) Air movement through doorways – the influence of temperature and its control by forced airflow. Building Services Engineering, 42, pp. 210-218.

Whyte, W. and Shaw, B. (1974) Comparison of ventilation systems in operating rooms. Bulletin de la societe internationale de chirurgie, 33(1), pp. 42-52. (PMID:4835672)

Whyte, W. and Shaw, B. H. (1974) The effect of obstructions and thermals in laminar-flow systems. Journal of Hygiene, 72(3), pp. 415-423. (doi: 10.1017/S0022172400023652) (PMID:4526407) (PMCID:PMC2130525)

Whyte, W. , Shaw, B. H. and Freeman, M. A. R. (1974) An evaluation of a partial-walled laminar-flow operating room. Journal of Hygiene, 73(1), pp. 61-74. (doi: 10.1017/S0022172400023858) (PMID:4529595) (PMCID:PMC2130548)

Whyte, W. , Shaw, B. H. and Barnes, R. (1973) A bacteriological evaluation of laminar-flow systems for orthopaedic surgery. Journal of Hygiene, 71(3), pp. 559-564. (doi: 10.1017/S0022172400046544) (PMID:4518355) (PMCID:PMC2130579)

Whyte, W. , Shaw, B.H. and Barnes, R. (1971) An experimental laminar-flow operating-room. Lancet, 298(7730), pp. 905-906. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(71)92506-2) (PMID:4106662)

Whyte, W. (1971) An experimental down-cross flow operating room. Contamination Control, 10(11), 6-9 passim. (PMID:4257239)

Whyte, W. and Carson, W. (1970) Operating-theater ventilation. Lancet, 295(7657), p. 1179. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(70)91255-9) (PMID:4192132)

Whyte, W. , Howie, J.G.R. and Eakin, J.E. (1970) Ventilation and bacterial spread in hospital. Lancet, 295(7645), pp. 522-523. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(70)91608-9) (PMID:4190203)

Whyte, W. , Howie, J. G. R. and Eakin, J. E. (1969) Bacteriological observations in a mechanically ventilated experimental ward and in two open-plan wards. Journal of Medical Microbiology, 2(3), pp. 335-345. (doi: 10.1099/00222615-2-3-335) (PMID:5405713)

Baird, G. and Whyte, W. (1969) Air-movement control for treatment and isolation rooms. Journal of Hygiene, 67(2), pp. 225-232. (doi: 10.1017/S0022172400041620) (PMID:5255884) (PMCID:PMC2130721)

Whyte, W. , Baird, G. and Annand, R. (1969) Bacterial contamination on the surface of hospital linen chutes. Journal of Hygiene, 67(3), pp. 427-435. (doi: 10.1017/S002217240004184X) (PMID:5258222) (PMCID:PMC2130739)

Whyte, W. (1968) Bacteriological aspects of air-conditioning plants. Epidemiology and Infection, 66(4), pp. 567-584. (doi: 10.1017/S002217240002831X) (PMID:4303954) (PMCID:PMC2130670)

Books

Whyte, W. (2018) Advances in Cleanroom Technology. Euromed Communications. ISBN 9780995666665

Whyte, W. (2010) Cleanroom Technology: Fundamentals of Design, Testing and Operation. John Wiley & Son Ltd: Chichester, UK. ISBN 9780470748060

Whyte, W. and Eaton, T. (2005) Risk Management of Contamination (RMC) During Manufacturing Operations in Cleanrooms. Series: PS Technical Monograph, 14. Parenteral Society: Swindon, UK. ISBN 9781905271122

Book Sections

Whyte, W. (2008) The development of cleanroom technology (1865-1965). In: Sørensen, J.S. (ed.) Proceedings of the 39th R3 Symposium on Contamination Control : Comwell Borupgaard, Denmark, May 4-6 2008. R3 Nordic: Limhamnsvägen, Sweden, pp. 3-8.

Whyte, W. (2001) Cleanroom classification standards. In: Whyte, W. (ed.) Cleanroom Technology:Fundamentals of Design, Testing and Operation. Wiley, pp. 21-36. ISBN 9780471868422 (doi:10.1002/0470858389.ch3)

This list was generated on Fri Aug 7 00:28:44 2020 BST.