# Dr Nader Karimi

**Lecturer**(Systems Power & Energy)

**telephone**: 6477

**email**: Nader.Karimi@glasgow.ac.uk

## Research interests

## Biography

I completed my first degree in mechanical engineering in 2000 at AmirKabir University of Technology in Tehran/Iran. This was followed by a master's degree in energy conversion at Sharif University of Technology, Tehran in 2002. I was awarded a PhD in 2009 for my experimental and theoretical work on unsteady combusting flows at University of Melbourne in Australia. In between 2009 and 2011, I was a Marie Currie post-doctoral researcher at Darmstadt University of Technology in Germany. I then moved to the department of engineering at University of Cambridge in the UK and worked there as a research associate for almost two years. In September 2013, I joined the school of engineering at University of Glasgow.

**Research Interests**

My current research is in the broad area of thermo-fluids with an emphasis on energy conversion and storage. Of particular interest are the thermochemical energy technologies, which mainly include the following topics.

**Thermochemical storage of renewable energies**

The global production of electricity from solar and wind energies is set to grow significantly. For this growth to be sustainable, there should be methods of storing the produced electricity, as solar and wind power are intermittent and do not correlate with the fluctuations in electricity demand. We are working on a series of technologies collectively called Power to X, which converts the surplus of electricity to chemical energy and stores that in different fuels including hydrogen, methane and liquid fuels. The produced fuel is not fossil-based and is therefore environmentally friendly. We are also interested in the conversion of CO_{2} and H_{2}O to practical fuels through using solar energy (thermochemical solar fuels).

**Combustion of renewable and/or low-carbon fuels for decarbonisation of electricity, heat and transport**

Fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum still very much dominate the global supply of energy. To decrease the emission of greenhouse gases, they should be replaced by low-carbon fuels. Yet, such fuels (e.g. biofuels, biogas, biosyngas and blends of methane and hydrogen) often have significantly different combustion characteristics to those of fossil fuels. We are interested in fundamental understanding and real-world applications of low-carbon combustion in industrial burners, gas turbines and aero-engine combustors.

**Gasification of biomass and waste**

Combustion of biomass has provided human with renewable and carbon free energy for thousands of years. However, traditional biomass combustion leads to the emission of large amounts of air pollutants. The modern energy generation from biomass should be robust, clean and highly flexible with the type of feedstock. To achieve this, we are working on a range of thermochemical technologies that allows production and combustion of renewable fuels (biosyngas) from a wide range of feedstock including agricultural residue and municipal waste. ** **

**Advanced heat transfer technologies for cooling electrochemical and electronic systems**

Achieving the desirable heat transfer rates is a major challenge in many advanced technologies including batteries in electric cars and electronic components in the new generation of high performance computers. Our research in this area includes developing fundamental understanding of unsteady heat transfer processes at macro and micro-scales. This includes investigation of multiphase heat convection in microchannels and porous media. The ultimate aim is to develop tools for managing the dynamic thermal loads, frequently encountered in practice.

The work on all these research topics is conducted through using a combination of experimental, numerical and theoretical techniques and, often involves collaboration with my colleagues at University of Glasgow or other universities around the world.

Students with strong academic background interested in doing PhD on any of the stated areas (or those closely related) are encouraged to contact me directly.

**Expertise**

Energy storage; slar fuels; heat transfer; thermodynamics; gas turbines; hydrogen porduction; porous media; gasification; combustion; thermoacoustic instabilities; mathematical modelling.

## Grants

- Mathematical Modelling of Downhole Tubing Compaction for Rig-less Well Plug and Abandonment, Nader Karimi (PI), Andrea Cammarano and Manosh Paul (CoI),Oil and Gas Innovation Centre, Scottish Funding Council, project number: 301537, £114,633, 2018-2019.

- Development Cost Step Change using Two Concentric Flow Stream Wells, Andrea Cammarano (PI), Nader Karimi, Gioia Falcone and Manosh Paul (CoI), Oil and Gas Innovation Centre, Scottish Funding Council, £45000, 2019.

- Technical and economic evaluation of an integrated bioenergy system in sub-Saharan African countries, Nader Karimi (PI), Sean Johnston, Manosh Paul, Zhibin Yu and Neil Burnside (CoI), Scottish Funding Council, SFC/AN/12/2017,£34,968, 2017-2018.

- Developing and testing a new Energy from Waste Gasification Feedstock, Manosh Paul (PI), Nader Karimi (Co-I,), Innovative UK Project No. 103493, £152k, 2017-2019.

- Thermally Driven Heat Pump Based on an Integrated Thermodynamic Cycle for Low Carbon Domestic Heating (Therma-Pump), Zhibin Yu (PI), Nader Karimi (Co-I), EPSRC, EP/N020472/1, £700k, 2016-2019.

- Real time control of gasifiers to increase tolerance to biomass variety and reduce emissions, Ian Watson (PI), Nader Karimi (Co-I), EPSRC, EP/M01343X/1, £1M, 2015-2018.

- Experimental investigation of flame flashback in a premixed swirl burner with central bluff-body, Nader Karimi (PI) & Andreas Dreizler (Co-I). Funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG, KA 3483/1-1) € 215200, 2012-2014.

## Supervision

**Current PhD students:**

Ms Linwei Wang, Mr Loizos Christodoulou, Mr Graham Hunt, Mr Tata Saturdi, Mr Yuanshuai Zhu.

**Graduated members of the group:**

Dr Fernando Javier Guerrero Martinez, graduated in January 2017.

Dr Abolfazl Fattahi, graduated in March 2017 (Jointly supervised by Prof Hosseinalipour at Iran University of Science and Technology).

**Postdoc researcher:**

Dr Bijan Yadollahi

Dr Pengyuan Li

Please contact me directly if you are interested in doing a PhD in my research areas.

## Teaching

First year undergraduate thermodynamics

Third year undergraduate heat transfer

Fourth year undergraduate heat and mass transfer

Fifth year graduate level thermodynamics

## Publications

**71**.

## 2019

Guthrie, D. G.P., Torabi, M. and Karimi, N.
(2019)
Combined heat and mass transfer analyses in catalytic microreactors partially filled with porous material- the influences of nanofluid and different porous-fluid interface models.
*International Journal of Thermal Sciences*, 140,
pp. 96-113.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2019.02.037)
(Accepted for Publication)

Hunt, G. , Karimi, N. , Yadollahi, B. and Torabi, M.
(2019)
The effects of exothermic catalytic reactions upon combined transport of heat and mass in porous microreactors.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 134,
pp. 1227-1249.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2019.02.015)

Torabi, M., Karimi, N. , Ghiaasiaan, M. and Wongwises, S.
(2019)
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics of micro technologies.
*Entropy*, 21(5),
501.
(doi:10.3390/e21050501)

Fattahi, A., Hosseinalipour, S.M., Karimi, N. , Saboohi, Z. and Ommi, F.
(2019)
On the response of a lean-premixed hydrogen combustor to acoustic and dissipative-dispersive entropy waves.
*Energy*,
(Accepted for Publication)

Gomari, S. R., Alizadeh, R., Alizadeh, A. and Karimi, N.
(2019)
Generation of entropy during forced convection of heat in nanofluid stagnation-point flows over a cylinder embedded in porous media.
*Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications*,
(Accepted for Publication)

Alizadeh, R., Karimi, N. , Mehdizadeh, A. and Nourbakhsh, A.
(2019)
Analysis of transport from cylindrical surfaces subject to catalytic reactions and non-uniform impinging flows in porous media: a non-equilibrium thermodynamics approach.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*,
(doi:10.1007/s10973-019-08120-z)
(Early Online Publication)

Salem, A.M., Kamble, P.R., Piemsinlapakunchon, T., Christodoulou, L., Watson, I. , Karimi, N. and Paul, M.C. (2019) Assessment of Thermochemical Processes of MSW Feedstocks in a Downdraft Gasifier. In: 3rd International Conference of Energy Harvesting, Storage, and Transfer (EHST'19), Ottowa, Canada, 18-19 June 2019, (Accepted for Publication)

Kazemian, Y., Rashidi, S., Esfahani, J. A. and Karimi, N.
(2019)
Simulation of conjugate radiation-forced convection heat transfer in a porous medium using the lattice Boltzmann method.
*Meccanica*, 54(3),
pp. 505-524.
(doi:10.1007/s11012-019-00967-8)
(Accepted for Publication)

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. and Karimi, N.
(2019)
Investigation of coal particle gasification processes with application leading to underground coal gasification.
*Fuel*, 237,
pp. 1186-1202.
(doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2018.10.058)

Wang, L., Karimi, N. , Sutardi, T. and Paul, M. C.
(2019)
Combustion characteristics and pollutant emissions in transient oxy-combustion of a single biomass particle: a numerical study.
*Energy and Fuels*, 33(2),
pp. 1556-1569.
(doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.8b03602)

Akbarzadeh, M., Rashidi, S., Karimi, N. and Omar, N.
(2019)
First and second laws of thermodynamics analysis of nanofluid flow inside a heat exchanger duct with wavy walls and a porous insert.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*, 135(1),
pp. 177-194.
(doi:10.1007/s10973-018-7044-y)

Alizadeh, R., Karimi, N. , Arjmandzadeh, R. and Mehdizadeh, A.
(2019)
Mixed convection and thermodynamic irreversibilities in MHD nanofluid stagnation-point flows over a cylinder embedded in porous media.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*, 135(1),
pp. 489-506.
(doi:10.1007/s10973-018-7071-8)

Govone, L., Torabi, M., Wang, L. and Karimi, N.
(2019)
Effects of nanofluid and radiative heat transfer on the double-diffusive forced convection in microreactors.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*, 135(1),
pp. 45-59.
(doi:10.1007/s10973-018-7027-z)

Rashidi, S., Karimi, N. , Mahian, O. and Esfahani, J.A.
(2019)
A concise review on the role of nanoparticles upon the productivity of solar desalination systems.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*, 135(2),
pp. 1145-1159.
(doi:10.1007/s10973-018-7500-8)

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. and Karimi, N. (2019) Numerical Investigation on Kinetic Parameter of Coal Devolatilization Reaction by Identifying Ignition Delay Parameter. In: World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science (WCECS '18), San Francisco, CA, USA, 23-25 Oct 2018, pp. 476-481. ISBN 9789881404909

## 2018

Akar, S., Rashidi, S., Esfahani, J.A. and Karimi, N.
(2018)
Targeting a channel coating by using magnetic field and magnetic nanofluids.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*,
(Accepted for Publication)

Malekpour, A., Karimi, N. and Mehdizadeh, A.
(2018)
Magnetohydrodynamics, natural convection and entropy generation of CuO-water nanofluid in an I-shape enclosure - a numerical study.
*Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications*, 10(6),
061016.
(doi:10.1115/1.4041267)

Guthrie, D. G.P., Torabi, M. and Karimi, N.
(2018)
Energetic and entropic analyses of double-diffusive, forced convection heat and mass transfer in microreactors assisted with nanofluid.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*,
(Accepted for Publication)

Wang, L., Karimi, N. , Sutardi, T. and Paul, M. C.
(2018)
Numerical modelling of unsteady transport and entropy generation in oxy-combustion of single coal particles with varying flow velocities and oxygen concentrations.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 144,
pp. 147-164.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.08.040)

Alizadeh, R., Rahimi, A. B., Karimi, N. and Alizadeh, A.
(2018)
Transient analysis of the interactions between a heat transferring, radial stagnation flow and a rotating cylinder-magnetohydrodynamic and non-uniform transpiration effects.
*Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications*, 10(5),
051017.
(doi:10.1115/1.4040363)

Saini, R., Karimi, N. , Duan, L., Sadiki, A. and Mehdizadeh, A.
(2018)
Effects of near wall modeling in the Improved-Delayed-Detached-Eddy-Simulation
(IDDES) methodology.
*Entropy*, 20(10),
771.
(doi:10.3390/e20100771)

Akbarzadeh, M., Rashidi, S., Karimi, N. and Ellahi, R.
(2018)
Convection of heat and thermodynamic irreversibilities in two-phase, turbulent nanofluid flows in solar heaters by corrugated absorber plates.
*Advanced Powder Technology*, 29(9),
pp. 2243-2254.
(doi:10.1016/j.apt.2018.06.009)

Yadollahi, B., Ritchie, M., Karimi, N. and Paul, M. C. (2018) Design and Modelling of a Novel Combustion Heat Exchanger for Household Heating. In: 5th International Conference on Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow (HTFF'18), Madrid, Spain, 16-18 Aug 2018, HTFF147. (doi:10.11159/htff18.147)

Rashidi, S., Esfahani, J. A. and Karimi, N.
(2018)
Porous materials in building energy technologies—a review of the applications, modelling and experiments.
*Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews*, 91,
pp. 229-247.
(doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.092)

Johnston, S. , Matare, D., Pettersen, D., Mumba, R., Pullanikkatil, D., Zachary, S. and Karimi, N. (2018) Kenya-Malawi Biomass Energy Project Summary Report. Project Report. School of Interdisciplinary Studies. (Unpublished)

Sutardi, T., Wang, L., Paul, M. C. and Karimi, N.
(2018)
Numerical simulation approaches for modelling a single coal particle combustion and gasification.
*Engineering Letters*, 26(2),
pp. 257-266.

Wang, L., Karimi, N. and Paul, M. C.
(2018)
Gas-phase transport and entropy generation during transient combustion of a single biomass particle in varying oxygen and nitrogen atmospheres.
*International Journal of Hydrogen Energy*, 43(17),
pp. 8506-8523.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.074)

Hunt, G. , Karimi, N. and Torabi, M.
(2018)
Two-dimensional analytical investigation of coupled heat and mass transfer and entropy generation in a porous, catalytic microreactor.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 119,
pp. 372-391.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.11.118)

Hunt, G. , Torabi, M., Govone, L., Karimi, N. and Mehdizadeh, A.
(2018)
Two-dimensional heat and mass transfer and thermodynamic analyses of porous microreactors with Soret and thermal radiation effects: An analytical approach.
*Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification*, 126,
pp. 190-205.
(doi:10.1016/j.cep.2018.02.025)

Guerrero-Martinez, F. J., Karimi, N. and Ramos, E.
(2018)
Numerical modeling of multiple steady-state convective modes in a tilted porous medium heated from below.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 92,
pp. 64-72.
(doi:10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2018.02.009)

Rashidi, S., Akbarzadeh, M., Karimi, N. and Masoodi, R.
(2018)
Combined effects of nanofluid and transverse twisted-baffles on the flow structures, heat transfer and irreversibilities inside a square duct-A numerical study.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 130,
pp. 135-148.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.11.048)

Mehdizadeh, A., Doost, S., Sadiki, A., Janicka, J. and Karimi, N.
(2018)
Assessment of predictive capability of hybrid URANS/LES methods in residence time calculation.
*Chemical Engineering Science*, 183,
pp. 47-59.
(doi:10.1016/j.ces.2018.02.035)

## 2017

Govone, L., Torabi, M., Hunt, G. and Karimi, N.
(2017)
Non-equilibrium thermodynamic analysis of double diffusive, nanofluid forced convection in microreactors with radiation effects.
*Entropy*, 19(12),
690.
(doi:10.3390/e19120690)

Alizadeh, R., Rahimi, A. B., Karimi, N. and Alizadeh, A.
(2017)
On the hydrodynamics and heat convection of an impinging external flow upon a cylinder with transpiration and embedded in a porous medium.
*Transport in Porous Media*, 120(3),
pp. 579-604.
(doi:10.1007/s11242-017-0942-9)

Elliott, A., Torabi, M. and Karimi, N.
(2017)
Thermodynamics analyses of porous microchannels with asymmetric thick walls and exothermicity: an entropic model of micro-reactors.
*Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications*, 9(4),
041013.
(doi:10.1115/1.4036802)

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Numerical Study of the Effects of CO2 Addition in Single Coal Particle Gasification. In: 9th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2017), Cardiff, UK, 21-24 Aug 2017, pp. 1306-1311. (doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.506)

Torabi, M., Karimi, N. , Peterson, G.P. and Yee, S.
(2017)
Challenges and progress on the modelling of entropy generation in porous media: a review.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 114,
pp. 31-46.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.06.021)

Fattahi, A., Hosseinalipour, S.M. and Karimi, N.
(2017)
On the dissipation and dispersion of entropy waves in heat transferring channel flows.
*Physics of Fluids*, 29(8),
087104.
(doi:10.1063/1.4999046)

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Numerical Modelling for Process Investigation of a Single Coal Particle Combustion and Gasification. In: World Congress on Engineering 2017 (WCE 2017), London, UK, 5-7 July 2017, pp. 946-951. ISBN 9789881404831

Elliott, A., Torabi, M., Hunt, G. and Karimi, N.
(2017)
Erratum to “On the effects of internal heat sources upon forced convection in porous channels with asymmetric thick walls” [Int. Comm. Heat Mass Trans. 73 (2016) 100–110].
*International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer*, 85,
pp. 76-80.
(doi:10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2017.05.002)

Hunt, G. , Karimi, N. and Torabi, M.
(2017)
Analytical investigation of heat transfer and classical entropy generation in microreactors - the influences of exothermicity and asymmetry.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 119,
pp. 403-424.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.03.057)

Guerrero Martínez, F. J., Younger, P. L. , Karimi, N. and Kyriakis, S.
(2017)
Three-dimensional numerical simulations of free convection in a layered porous enclosure.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 106,
pp. 1005-1013.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.10.072)

Hosseinalipour, S.M., Fattahi, A., Afshari, H. and Karimi, N.
(2017)
On the effects of convecting entropy waves on the combustor hydrodynamics.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 110,
pp. 901-909.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.08.220)

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Identifying Kinetic Parameters for Char Combustion of a Single Coal Particle. In: 8th European Combustion Meeting (ECM2017), Dubrovnik, Croatia, 18-21 April 2017,

## 2016

Torabi, M., Dickson, C. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Theoretical investigation of entropy generation and heat transfer by forced convection of copper-water nanofluid in a porous channel - local thermal non-equilibrium and partial filling effects.
*Powder Technology*, 301,
pp. 234-254.
(doi:10.1016/j.powtec.2016.06.017)

Karimi, N. , McGrath, S., Brown, P., Weinkauff, J. and Dreizler, A.
(2016)
Generation of adverse pressure gradient in the circumferential flashback of a premixed flame.
*Flow, Turbulence and Combustion*, 97(2),
pp. 663-687.
(doi:10.1007/s10494-015-9695-0)

Torabi, M., Karimi, N. , Zhang, K. and Peterson, G.P.
(2016)
Generation of entropy and forced convection of heat in a conduit partially filled with porous media- Local thermal non-equilibrium and exothermicity effects applied thermal engineering.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 106,
pp. 518-536.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.06.036)

Torabi, M., Peterson, G.P., Torabi, M. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
A thermodynamic analysis of forced convection through porous media using pore scale modeling.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 99,
pp. 303-316.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.127)

Guerrero Martinez, F. J., Younger, P. L. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Three-dimensional numerical modeling of free convection in sloping porous enclosures.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 98,
pp. 257-267.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.029)

Dickson, C., Torabi, M. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
First and second law analyses of nanofluid forced convection in a partially-filled porous channel: The effects of local thermal non-equilibrium and internal heat sources.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 103,
pp. 459-480.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.04.095)

Torabi, M., Zhang, K., Karimi, N. and Peterson, G. P.
(2016)
Entropy generation in thermal systems with solid structures: a concise review.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 97,
pp. 917-931.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.007)

Hosseinalipour, S.M., Fattahi, A. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Analytical investigation of non-adiabatic effects on the dynamics of sound reflection and transmission in a combustor.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 98,
pp. 553-567.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.12.116)

Elliott, A., Torabi, M., Karimi, N. and Cunningham, S.
(2016)
On the effects of internal heat sources upon forced convection in porous channels with asymmetric thick walls.
*International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer*, 73,
pp. 100-110.
(doi:10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2016.02.016)

Hosseinalipour, S.M., Fattahi, A. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Investigation of the transmitted noise of a combustor exit nozzle caused by burned hydrogen-hydrocarbon gases.
*International Journal of Hydrogen Energy*, 41(3),
pp. 2075-2086.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.10.119)

Christodoulou, L., Kabiraj, L., Saurabh, A. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Characterizing the signature of flame flashback precursor through recurrence analysis.
*Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science*, 26,
013110.
(doi:10.1063/1.4940154)
(PMID:26826862)

Kabiraj, L., Saurabh, A., Nawroth, H., Paschereit, C.O., Sujith, R.I. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Recurrence plots for the analysis of combustion dynamics.
In: Webber Jr., C. L., Ioana, C. and Marwan, N. (eds.)
*Recurrence Plots and Their Quantifications: Expanding Horizons.*
Series: Springer proceedings in physics (180).
Springer Verlag, pp. 321-339.
ISBN 9783319299211
(doi:10.1007/978-3-319-29922-8_17)

Torabi, M., Karimi, N. and Mahmud, S.
(2016)
Mathematical methods for heat transfer and thermodynamic analysis of conductive, convective, and radiative media.
*Mathematical Problems in Engineering*, 2016,
8074924.
(doi:10.1155/2016/8074924)

Wang, L.W., Karimi, N. and Paul, M.C. (2016) Numerical Study of Single Coal Particle Combustion in O2/N2 and O2/CO2 Atmospheres. In: HEFAT2016, Malaga, Spain, 11-13 Jul 2016,

## 2015

Torabi, M., Karimi, N. and Zhang, K.
(2015)
Heat transfer and second law analyses of forced convection in a channel partially filled by porous media and featuring internal heat sources.
*Energy*, 93(1),
pp. 106-127.
(doi:10.1016/j.energy.2015.09.010)

Karimi, N. , Agbo, D., Khan, A. T. and Younger, P. L.
(2015)
On the effects of exothermicity and endothermicity upon the temperature fields in a partially-filled porous channel.
*International Journal of Thermal Sciences*, 96,
pp. 128-148.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2015.05.002)

Karimi, N. , Heeger, C., Christodoulou, L. and Dreizler, A.
(2015)
Experimental and theoretical investigation of the flashback of a swirling, bluff-body stabilised, premixed flame.
*Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie*, 229(5),
pp. 663-689.
(doi:10.1515/zpch-2014-0582)

Kabiraj, L., Saurabh, A., Karimi, N., Sailor, A., Mastorakos, E., Dowling, A. P. and Paschereit, C. O.
(2015)
Chaos in an imperfectly premixed model combustor.
*Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science*, 25(2),
023101.
(doi:10.1063/1.4906943)
(PMID:25725637)

Kypraiou, A.-M., Dowling, A., Mastorakos, E. and Karimi, N. (2015) Proper orthogonal decomposition analysis of a turbulent swirling self-excited premixed flame. In: 53rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Kissimmee, FL, USA, 5-9 Jan 2015, (doi:10.2514/6.2015-0425)

## 2014

Karimi, N.
(2014)
Response of a conical, laminar premixed flame to low amplitude acoustic forcing-A comparison between experiment and kinematic theories.
*Energy*, 78,
pp. 490-500.
(doi:10.1016/j.energy.2014.10.036)

Karimi, N. , Mahmoudi, Y. and Mazaheri, K.
(2014)
Temperature fields in a channel partially filled with a porous material under local thermal non-equilibrium condition: an exact solution.
*Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science*, 228(15),
pp. 2778-2789.
(doi:10.1177/0954406214521800)

Mahmoudi, Y., Karimi, N. , Deiterding, R. and Emami, S.
(2014)
Hydrodynamic instabilities in gaseous detonations: comparison of Euler, Navier–Stokes, and large-eddy simulation.
*Journal of Propulsion and Power*, 30(2),
pp. 384-396.
(doi:10.2514/1.B34986)

Mahmoudi, Y., Karimi, N. and Mazaheri, K.
(2014)
Analytical investigation of heat transfer enhancement in a channel partially filled with a porous material under local thermal non-equilibrium condition: Effects of different thermal boundary conditions at the porous-fluid interface.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 70,
pp. 875-891.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.11.048)

Mahmoudi, Y. and Karimi, N.
(2014)
Numerical investigation of heat transfer enhancement in a pipe partially filled with a porous material under local thermal non-equilibrium condition.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 68,
pp. 161-173.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.09.020)

## 2010

Karimi, N. , Brear, M.J. and Moase, W.H.
(2010)
On the interaction of sound with steady heat communicating flows.
*Journal of Sound and Vibration*, 329(22),
pp. 4705-4718.
(doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2010.05.009)

## 2009

Karimi, N., Brear, M., Jin, S.-H. and Monty, J.P.
(2009)
Linear and non-linear forced response of a conical, ducted, laminar premixed flame.
*Combustion and Flame*, 156(11),
pp. 2201-2212.
(doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2009.06.027)

## 2008

Karimi, N., Brear, M.J. and Moase, W.H.
(2008)
Acoustic and disturbance energy analysis of a flow with heat communication.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 597,
pp. 67-89.
(doi:10.1017/S0022112007009573)

**Wed May 22 17:58:36 2019 BST**.

**71**.

## Articles

Guthrie, D. G.P., Torabi, M. and Karimi, N.
(2019)
Combined heat and mass transfer analyses in catalytic microreactors partially filled with porous material- the influences of nanofluid and different porous-fluid interface models.
*International Journal of Thermal Sciences*, 140,
pp. 96-113.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2019.02.037)
(Accepted for Publication)

Hunt, G. , Karimi, N. , Yadollahi, B. and Torabi, M.
(2019)
The effects of exothermic catalytic reactions upon combined transport of heat and mass in porous microreactors.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 134,
pp. 1227-1249.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2019.02.015)

Torabi, M., Karimi, N. , Ghiaasiaan, M. and Wongwises, S.
(2019)
Non-equilibrium thermodynamics of micro technologies.
*Entropy*, 21(5),
501.
(doi:10.3390/e21050501)

Fattahi, A., Hosseinalipour, S.M., Karimi, N. , Saboohi, Z. and Ommi, F.
(2019)
On the response of a lean-premixed hydrogen combustor to acoustic and dissipative-dispersive entropy waves.
*Energy*,
(Accepted for Publication)

Gomari, S. R., Alizadeh, R., Alizadeh, A. and Karimi, N.
(2019)
Generation of entropy during forced convection of heat in nanofluid stagnation-point flows over a cylinder embedded in porous media.
*Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications*,
(Accepted for Publication)

Alizadeh, R., Karimi, N. , Mehdizadeh, A. and Nourbakhsh, A.
(2019)
Analysis of transport from cylindrical surfaces subject to catalytic reactions and non-uniform impinging flows in porous media: a non-equilibrium thermodynamics approach.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*,
(doi:10.1007/s10973-019-08120-z)
(Early Online Publication)

Kazemian, Y., Rashidi, S., Esfahani, J. A. and Karimi, N.
(2019)
Simulation of conjugate radiation-forced convection heat transfer in a porous medium using the lattice Boltzmann method.
*Meccanica*, 54(3),
pp. 505-524.
(doi:10.1007/s11012-019-00967-8)
(Accepted for Publication)

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. and Karimi, N.
(2019)
Investigation of coal particle gasification processes with application leading to underground coal gasification.
*Fuel*, 237,
pp. 1186-1202.
(doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2018.10.058)

Wang, L., Karimi, N. , Sutardi, T. and Paul, M. C.
(2019)
Combustion characteristics and pollutant emissions in transient oxy-combustion of a single biomass particle: a numerical study.
*Energy and Fuels*, 33(2),
pp. 1556-1569.
(doi:10.1021/acs.energyfuels.8b03602)

Akbarzadeh, M., Rashidi, S., Karimi, N. and Omar, N.
(2019)
First and second laws of thermodynamics analysis of nanofluid flow inside a heat exchanger duct with wavy walls and a porous insert.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*, 135(1),
pp. 177-194.
(doi:10.1007/s10973-018-7044-y)

Alizadeh, R., Karimi, N. , Arjmandzadeh, R. and Mehdizadeh, A.
(2019)
Mixed convection and thermodynamic irreversibilities in MHD nanofluid stagnation-point flows over a cylinder embedded in porous media.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*, 135(1),
pp. 489-506.
(doi:10.1007/s10973-018-7071-8)

Govone, L., Torabi, M., Wang, L. and Karimi, N.
(2019)
Effects of nanofluid and radiative heat transfer on the double-diffusive forced convection in microreactors.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*, 135(1),
pp. 45-59.
(doi:10.1007/s10973-018-7027-z)

Rashidi, S., Karimi, N. , Mahian, O. and Esfahani, J.A.
(2019)
A concise review on the role of nanoparticles upon the productivity of solar desalination systems.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*, 135(2),
pp. 1145-1159.
(doi:10.1007/s10973-018-7500-8)

Akar, S., Rashidi, S., Esfahani, J.A. and Karimi, N.
(2018)
Targeting a channel coating by using magnetic field and magnetic nanofluids.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*,
(Accepted for Publication)

Malekpour, A., Karimi, N. and Mehdizadeh, A.
(2018)
Magnetohydrodynamics, natural convection and entropy generation of CuO-water nanofluid in an I-shape enclosure - a numerical study.
*Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications*, 10(6),
061016.
(doi:10.1115/1.4041267)

Guthrie, D. G.P., Torabi, M. and Karimi, N.
(2018)
Energetic and entropic analyses of double-diffusive, forced convection heat and mass transfer in microreactors assisted with nanofluid.
*Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry*,
(Accepted for Publication)

Wang, L., Karimi, N. , Sutardi, T. and Paul, M. C.
(2018)
Numerical modelling of unsteady transport and entropy generation in oxy-combustion of single coal particles with varying flow velocities and oxygen concentrations.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 144,
pp. 147-164.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.08.040)

Alizadeh, R., Rahimi, A. B., Karimi, N. and Alizadeh, A.
(2018)
Transient analysis of the interactions between a heat transferring, radial stagnation flow and a rotating cylinder-magnetohydrodynamic and non-uniform transpiration effects.
*Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications*, 10(5),
051017.
(doi:10.1115/1.4040363)

Saini, R., Karimi, N. , Duan, L., Sadiki, A. and Mehdizadeh, A.
(2018)
Effects of near wall modeling in the Improved-Delayed-Detached-Eddy-Simulation
(IDDES) methodology.
*Entropy*, 20(10),
771.
(doi:10.3390/e20100771)

Akbarzadeh, M., Rashidi, S., Karimi, N. and Ellahi, R.
(2018)
Convection of heat and thermodynamic irreversibilities in two-phase, turbulent nanofluid flows in solar heaters by corrugated absorber plates.
*Advanced Powder Technology*, 29(9),
pp. 2243-2254.
(doi:10.1016/j.apt.2018.06.009)

Rashidi, S., Esfahani, J. A. and Karimi, N.
(2018)
Porous materials in building energy technologies—a review of the applications, modelling and experiments.
*Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews*, 91,
pp. 229-247.
(doi:10.1016/j.rser.2018.03.092)

Sutardi, T., Wang, L., Paul, M. C. and Karimi, N.
(2018)
Numerical simulation approaches for modelling a single coal particle combustion and gasification.
*Engineering Letters*, 26(2),
pp. 257-266.

Wang, L., Karimi, N. and Paul, M. C.
(2018)
Gas-phase transport and entropy generation during transient combustion of a single biomass particle in varying oxygen and nitrogen atmospheres.
*International Journal of Hydrogen Energy*, 43(17),
pp. 8506-8523.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.03.074)

Hunt, G. , Karimi, N. and Torabi, M.
(2018)
Two-dimensional analytical investigation of coupled heat and mass transfer and entropy generation in a porous, catalytic microreactor.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 119,
pp. 372-391.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.11.118)

Hunt, G. , Torabi, M., Govone, L., Karimi, N. and Mehdizadeh, A.
(2018)
Two-dimensional heat and mass transfer and thermodynamic analyses of porous microreactors with Soret and thermal radiation effects: An analytical approach.
*Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification*, 126,
pp. 190-205.
(doi:10.1016/j.cep.2018.02.025)

Guerrero-Martinez, F. J., Karimi, N. and Ramos, E.
(2018)
Numerical modeling of multiple steady-state convective modes in a tilted porous medium heated from below.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 92,
pp. 64-72.
(doi:10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2018.02.009)

Rashidi, S., Akbarzadeh, M., Karimi, N. and Masoodi, R.
(2018)
Combined effects of nanofluid and transverse twisted-baffles on the flow structures, heat transfer and irreversibilities inside a square duct-A numerical study.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 130,
pp. 135-148.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.11.048)

Mehdizadeh, A., Doost, S., Sadiki, A., Janicka, J. and Karimi, N.
(2018)
Assessment of predictive capability of hybrid URANS/LES methods in residence time calculation.
*Chemical Engineering Science*, 183,
pp. 47-59.
(doi:10.1016/j.ces.2018.02.035)

Govone, L., Torabi, M., Hunt, G. and Karimi, N.
(2017)
Non-equilibrium thermodynamic analysis of double diffusive, nanofluid forced convection in microreactors with radiation effects.
*Entropy*, 19(12),
690.
(doi:10.3390/e19120690)

Alizadeh, R., Rahimi, A. B., Karimi, N. and Alizadeh, A.
(2017)
On the hydrodynamics and heat convection of an impinging external flow upon a cylinder with transpiration and embedded in a porous medium.
*Transport in Porous Media*, 120(3),
pp. 579-604.
(doi:10.1007/s11242-017-0942-9)

Elliott, A., Torabi, M. and Karimi, N.
(2017)
Thermodynamics analyses of porous microchannels with asymmetric thick walls and exothermicity: an entropic model of micro-reactors.
*Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications*, 9(4),
041013.
(doi:10.1115/1.4036802)

Torabi, M., Karimi, N. , Peterson, G.P. and Yee, S.
(2017)
Challenges and progress on the modelling of entropy generation in porous media: a review.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 114,
pp. 31-46.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2017.06.021)

Fattahi, A., Hosseinalipour, S.M. and Karimi, N.
(2017)
On the dissipation and dispersion of entropy waves in heat transferring channel flows.
*Physics of Fluids*, 29(8),
087104.
(doi:10.1063/1.4999046)

Elliott, A., Torabi, M., Hunt, G. and Karimi, N.
(2017)
Erratum to “On the effects of internal heat sources upon forced convection in porous channels with asymmetric thick walls” [Int. Comm. Heat Mass Trans. 73 (2016) 100–110].
*International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer*, 85,
pp. 76-80.
(doi:10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2017.05.002)

Hunt, G. , Karimi, N. and Torabi, M.
(2017)
Analytical investigation of heat transfer and classical entropy generation in microreactors - the influences of exothermicity and asymmetry.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 119,
pp. 403-424.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2017.03.057)

Guerrero Martínez, F. J., Younger, P. L. , Karimi, N. and Kyriakis, S.
(2017)
Three-dimensional numerical simulations of free convection in a layered porous enclosure.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 106,
pp. 1005-1013.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.10.072)

Hosseinalipour, S.M., Fattahi, A., Afshari, H. and Karimi, N.
(2017)
On the effects of convecting entropy waves on the combustor hydrodynamics.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 110,
pp. 901-909.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.08.220)

Torabi, M., Dickson, C. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Theoretical investigation of entropy generation and heat transfer by forced convection of copper-water nanofluid in a porous channel - local thermal non-equilibrium and partial filling effects.
*Powder Technology*, 301,
pp. 234-254.
(doi:10.1016/j.powtec.2016.06.017)

Karimi, N. , McGrath, S., Brown, P., Weinkauff, J. and Dreizler, A.
(2016)
Generation of adverse pressure gradient in the circumferential flashback of a premixed flame.
*Flow, Turbulence and Combustion*, 97(2),
pp. 663-687.
(doi:10.1007/s10494-015-9695-0)

Torabi, M., Karimi, N. , Zhang, K. and Peterson, G.P.
(2016)
Generation of entropy and forced convection of heat in a conduit partially filled with porous media- Local thermal non-equilibrium and exothermicity effects applied thermal engineering.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 106,
pp. 518-536.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.06.036)

Torabi, M., Peterson, G.P., Torabi, M. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
A thermodynamic analysis of forced convection through porous media using pore scale modeling.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 99,
pp. 303-316.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.127)

Guerrero Martinez, F. J., Younger, P. L. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Three-dimensional numerical modeling of free convection in sloping porous enclosures.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 98,
pp. 257-267.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.029)

Dickson, C., Torabi, M. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
First and second law analyses of nanofluid forced convection in a partially-filled porous channel: The effects of local thermal non-equilibrium and internal heat sources.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 103,
pp. 459-480.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.04.095)

Torabi, M., Zhang, K., Karimi, N. and Peterson, G. P.
(2016)
Entropy generation in thermal systems with solid structures: a concise review.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 97,
pp. 917-931.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2016.03.007)

Hosseinalipour, S.M., Fattahi, A. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Analytical investigation of non-adiabatic effects on the dynamics of sound reflection and transmission in a combustor.
*Applied Thermal Engineering*, 98,
pp. 553-567.
(doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2015.12.116)

Elliott, A., Torabi, M., Karimi, N. and Cunningham, S.
(2016)
On the effects of internal heat sources upon forced convection in porous channels with asymmetric thick walls.
*International Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer*, 73,
pp. 100-110.
(doi:10.1016/j.icheatmasstransfer.2016.02.016)

Hosseinalipour, S.M., Fattahi, A. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Investigation of the transmitted noise of a combustor exit nozzle caused by burned hydrogen-hydrocarbon gases.
*International Journal of Hydrogen Energy*, 41(3),
pp. 2075-2086.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2015.10.119)

Christodoulou, L., Kabiraj, L., Saurabh, A. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Characterizing the signature of flame flashback precursor through recurrence analysis.
*Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science*, 26,
013110.
(doi:10.1063/1.4940154)
(PMID:26826862)

Torabi, M., Karimi, N. and Mahmud, S.
(2016)
Mathematical methods for heat transfer and thermodynamic analysis of conductive, convective, and radiative media.
*Mathematical Problems in Engineering*, 2016,
8074924.
(doi:10.1155/2016/8074924)

Torabi, M., Karimi, N. and Zhang, K.
(2015)
Heat transfer and second law analyses of forced convection in a channel partially filled by porous media and featuring internal heat sources.
*Energy*, 93(1),
pp. 106-127.
(doi:10.1016/j.energy.2015.09.010)

Karimi, N. , Agbo, D., Khan, A. T. and Younger, P. L.
(2015)
On the effects of exothermicity and endothermicity upon the temperature fields in a partially-filled porous channel.
*International Journal of Thermal Sciences*, 96,
pp. 128-148.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2015.05.002)

Karimi, N. , Heeger, C., Christodoulou, L. and Dreizler, A.
(2015)
Experimental and theoretical investigation of the flashback of a swirling, bluff-body stabilised, premixed flame.
*Zeitschrift für Physikalische Chemie*, 229(5),
pp. 663-689.
(doi:10.1515/zpch-2014-0582)

Kabiraj, L., Saurabh, A., Karimi, N., Sailor, A., Mastorakos, E., Dowling, A. P. and Paschereit, C. O.
(2015)
Chaos in an imperfectly premixed model combustor.
*Chaos: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science*, 25(2),
023101.
(doi:10.1063/1.4906943)
(PMID:25725637)

Karimi, N.
(2014)
Response of a conical, laminar premixed flame to low amplitude acoustic forcing-A comparison between experiment and kinematic theories.
*Energy*, 78,
pp. 490-500.
(doi:10.1016/j.energy.2014.10.036)

Karimi, N. , Mahmoudi, Y. and Mazaheri, K.
(2014)
Temperature fields in a channel partially filled with a porous material under local thermal non-equilibrium condition: an exact solution.
*Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science*, 228(15),
pp. 2778-2789.
(doi:10.1177/0954406214521800)

Mahmoudi, Y., Karimi, N. , Deiterding, R. and Emami, S.
(2014)
Hydrodynamic instabilities in gaseous detonations: comparison of Euler, Navier–Stokes, and large-eddy simulation.
*Journal of Propulsion and Power*, 30(2),
pp. 384-396.
(doi:10.2514/1.B34986)

Mahmoudi, Y., Karimi, N. and Mazaheri, K.
(2014)
Analytical investigation of heat transfer enhancement in a channel partially filled with a porous material under local thermal non-equilibrium condition: Effects of different thermal boundary conditions at the porous-fluid interface.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 70,
pp. 875-891.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.11.048)

Mahmoudi, Y. and Karimi, N.
(2014)
Numerical investigation of heat transfer enhancement in a pipe partially filled with a porous material under local thermal non-equilibrium condition.
*International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer*, 68,
pp. 161-173.
(doi:10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2013.09.020)

Karimi, N. , Brear, M.J. and Moase, W.H.
(2010)
On the interaction of sound with steady heat communicating flows.
*Journal of Sound and Vibration*, 329(22),
pp. 4705-4718.
(doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2010.05.009)

Karimi, N., Brear, M., Jin, S.-H. and Monty, J.P.
(2009)
Linear and non-linear forced response of a conical, ducted, laminar premixed flame.
*Combustion and Flame*, 156(11),
pp. 2201-2212.
(doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2009.06.027)

Karimi, N., Brear, M.J. and Moase, W.H.
(2008)
Acoustic and disturbance energy analysis of a flow with heat communication.
*Journal of Fluid Mechanics*, 597,
pp. 67-89.
(doi:10.1017/S0022112007009573)

## Book Sections

Kabiraj, L., Saurabh, A., Nawroth, H., Paschereit, C.O., Sujith, R.I. and Karimi, N.
(2016)
Recurrence plots for the analysis of combustion dynamics.
In: Webber Jr., C. L., Ioana, C. and Marwan, N. (eds.)
*Recurrence Plots and Their Quantifications: Expanding Horizons.*
Series: Springer proceedings in physics (180).
Springer Verlag, pp. 321-339.
ISBN 9783319299211
(doi:10.1007/978-3-319-29922-8_17)

## Research Reports or Papers

Johnston, S. , Matare, D., Pettersen, D., Mumba, R., Pullanikkatil, D., Zachary, S. and Karimi, N. (2018) Kenya-Malawi Biomass Energy Project Summary Report. Project Report. School of Interdisciplinary Studies. (Unpublished)

## Conference Proceedings

Salem, A.M., Kamble, P.R., Piemsinlapakunchon, T., Christodoulou, L., Watson, I. , Karimi, N. and Paul, M.C. (2019) Assessment of Thermochemical Processes of MSW Feedstocks in a Downdraft Gasifier. In: 3rd International Conference of Energy Harvesting, Storage, and Transfer (EHST'19), Ottowa, Canada, 18-19 June 2019, (Accepted for Publication)

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. and Karimi, N. (2019) Numerical Investigation on Kinetic Parameter of Coal Devolatilization Reaction by Identifying Ignition Delay Parameter. In: World Congress on Engineering and Computer Science (WCECS '18), San Francisco, CA, USA, 23-25 Oct 2018, pp. 476-481. ISBN 9789881404909

Yadollahi, B., Ritchie, M., Karimi, N. and Paul, M. C. (2018) Design and Modelling of a Novel Combustion Heat Exchanger for Household Heating. In: 5th International Conference on Heat Transfer and Fluid Flow (HTFF'18), Madrid, Spain, 16-18 Aug 2018, HTFF147. (doi:10.11159/htff18.147)

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Numerical Study of the Effects of CO2 Addition in Single Coal Particle Gasification. In: 9th International Conference on Applied Energy (ICAE2017), Cardiff, UK, 21-24 Aug 2017, pp. 1306-1311. (doi:10.1016/j.egypro.2017.12.506)

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Numerical Modelling for Process Investigation of a Single Coal Particle Combustion and Gasification. In: World Congress on Engineering 2017 (WCE 2017), London, UK, 5-7 July 2017, pp. 946-951. ISBN 9789881404831

Sutardi, T., Paul, M. C. , Karimi, N. and Younger, P. L. (2017) Identifying Kinetic Parameters for Char Combustion of a Single Coal Particle. In: 8th European Combustion Meeting (ECM2017), Dubrovnik, Croatia, 18-21 April 2017,

Wang, L.W., Karimi, N. and Paul, M.C. (2016) Numerical Study of Single Coal Particle Combustion in O2/N2 and O2/CO2 Atmospheres. In: HEFAT2016, Malaga, Spain, 11-13 Jul 2016,

Kypraiou, A.-M., Dowling, A., Mastorakos, E. and Karimi, N. (2015) Proper orthogonal decomposition analysis of a turbulent swirling self-excited premixed flame. In: 53rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Kissimmee, FL, USA, 5-9 Jan 2015, (doi:10.2514/6.2015-0425)

**Wed May 22 17:58:36 2019 BST**.

School of Engineering, James Watt North Building,