Dr Nader Karimi
- Affiliate (School of Engineering)
I completed my first degree in mechanical engineering in 2000 at AmirKabir University of Technology in Tehran/Iran. This was followed by a master's degree in energy conversion at Sharif University of Technology, Tehran in 2002. I was awarded a PhD in 2009 for my experimental and theoretical work on unsteady combusting flows at University of Melbourne in Australia. In between 2009 and 2011, I was a Marie Currie post-doctoral researcher at Darmstadt University of Technology in Germany. I then moved to the department of engineering at University of Cambridge in the UK and worked there as a research associate for almost two years. In September 2013, I joined the school of engineering at University of Glasgow.
My current research is in the broad area of thermo-fluids with an emphasis on energy conversion and storage. Of particular interest are the thermochemical energy technologies, which mainly include the following topics.
- Thermochemical storage of renewable energies
The global production of electricity from solar and wind energies is set to grow significantly. For this growth to be sustainable, there should be methods of storing the produced electricity, as solar and wind power are intermittent and do not correlate with the fluctuations in electricity demand. We are working on a series of technologies collectively called Power to X, which converts the surplus of electricity to chemical energy and stores that in different fuels including hydrogen, methane and liquid fuels. The produced fuel is not fossil-based and is therefore environmentally friendly. We are also interested in the conversion of CO2 and H2O to practical fuels through using solar energy (thermochemical solar fuels).
- Combustion of renewable and/or low-carbon fuels for decarbonisation of electricity, heat and transport
Fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum still very much dominate the global supply of energy. To decrease the emission of greenhouse gases, they should be replaced by low-carbon fuels. Yet, such fuels (e.g. biofuels, biogas, biosyngas and blends of methane and hydrogen) often have significantly different combustion characteristics to those of fossil fuels. We are interested in fundamental understanding and real-world applications of low-carbon combustion in industrial burners, gas turbines and aero-engine combustors.
- Gasification of biomass and waste
Combustion of biomass has provided human with renewable and carbon free energy for thousands of years. However, traditional biomass combustion leads to the emission of large amounts of air pollutants. The modern energy generation from biomass should be robust, clean and highly flexible with the type of feedstock. To achieve this, we are working on a range of thermochemical technologies that allows production and combustion of renewable fuels (biosyngas) from a wide range of feedstock including agricultural residue and municipal waste.
- Advanced heat transfer technologies for cooling electrochemical and electronic systems
Achieving the desirable heat transfer rates is a major challenge in many advanced technologies including batteries in electric cars and electronic components in the new generation of high performance computers. Our research in this area includes developing fundamental understanding of unsteady heat transfer processes at macro and micro-scales. This includes investigation of multiphase heat convection in microchannels and porous media. The ultimate aim is to develop tools for managing the dynamic thermal loads, frequently encountered in practice.
The work on all these research topics is conducted through using a combination of experimental, numerical and theoretical techniques and, often involves collaboration with my colleagues at University of Glasgow or other universities around the world.
Students with strong academic background interested in doing PhD on any of the stated areas (or those closely related) are encouraged to contact me directly.
Energy storage; slar fuels; heat transfer; thermodynamics; gas turbines; hydrogen porduction; porous media; gasification; combustion; thermoacoustic instabilities; mathematical modelling.
- Mathematical Modelling of Downhole Tubing Compaction for Rig-less Well Plug and Abandonment, Nader Karimi (PI), Andrea Cammarano and Manosh Paul (CoI),Oil and Gas Innovation Centre, Scottish Funding Council, project number: 301537, £114,633, 2018-2019.
- Development Cost Step Change using Two Concentric Flow Stream Wells, Andrea Cammarano (PI), Nader Karimi, Gioia Falcone and Manosh Paul (CoI), Oil and Gas Innovation Centre, Scottish Funding Council, £45000, 2019.
- Technical and economic evaluation of an integrated bioenergy system in sub-Saharan African countries, Nader Karimi (PI), Sean Johnston, Manosh Paul, Zhibin Yu and Neil Burnside (CoI), Scottish Funding Council, SFC/AN/12/2017,£34,968, 2017-2018.
- Developing and testing a new Energy from Waste Gasification Feedstock, Manosh Paul (PI), Nader Karimi (Co-I,), Innovative UK Project No. 103493, £152k, 2017-2019.
- Thermally Driven Heat Pump Based on an Integrated Thermodynamic Cycle for Low Carbon Domestic Heating (Therma-Pump), Zhibin Yu (PI), Nader Karimi (Co-I), EPSRC, EP/N020472/1, £700k, 2016-2019.
- Real time control of gasifiers to increase tolerance to biomass variety and reduce emissions, Ian Watson (PI), Nader Karimi (Co-I), EPSRC, EP/M01343X/1, £1M, 2015-2018.
- Experimental investigation of flame flashback in a premixed swirl burner with central bluff-body, Nader Karimi (PI) & Andreas Dreizler (Co-I). Funded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG, KA 3483/1-1) € 215200, 2012-2014.
Current PhD students:
Ms Linwei Wang, Mr Loizos Christodoulou, Mr Graham Hunt, Mr Tata Saturdi, Mr Yuanshuai Zhu.
Graduated members of the group:
Dr Fernando Javier Guerrero Martinez, graduated in January 2017.
Dr Abolfazl Fattahi, graduated in March 2017 (Jointly supervised by Prof Hosseinalipour at Iran University of Science and Technology).
Dr Bijan Yadollahi
Dr Pengyuan Li
Please contact me directly if you are interested in doing a PhD in my research areas.
First year undergraduate thermodynamics
Third year undergraduate heat transfer
Fourth year undergraduate heat and mass transfer
Fifth year graduate level thermodynamics