Bendable Electronics and Sensing Technologies (BEST) Group


Latest News

 Prof. Dahiya elected as the President of IEEE Sensors Council.

The first IEEE International Conference on Flexible and Printable Sensors and Systems will be held in Glasgow on July 7-10, 2019. Submission deadline is on April 12, 2019.

2 Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher posistions related to Aquasense Project have been advertised in on UoG’s website, and Euraxess


BEST group‘s flexible super-capacitor work wins Elektra Award 2018 in the University Research Award Category.



Our FET OPEN project focussing on neuroscience based e-skin gets funding from European Commission.

BEST group‘s e-skin research in Spanish, featured on Mexican TV FOROtv


BEST group has multiple new openings for outstanding PhDs/Post-Docs interested in the field of flexible/bendable and printable electronics, e-skin, soft robotics and sensing. If you want to join BEST group, then contact Prof. Ravinder Dahiya at:

For further information, please visit please visit this webpage.

edited 3 The paper from BEST group entitled "Heterogeneous Integration of Contact-printed Semiconductor Nanowires for High Performance Devices on Large Areas," has been just accepted for publication in Microsystems & Nanoengineering (from Nature).
BEST Group research on solar-powered 'synthetic skin' that could be used to create advanced prosthetic limbs for amputees is included in the UK Research and Innovation. Click on the hand for more!
BEST Group members presenting their MSc research works at the School of Engineering during a poster presentation session hosted at University of Glasgow.
BEST group publishes a paper entitled "Nanowire FET based Neural Element for Robotic Tactile Sensing Skin" in Frontiers.   
  Multiple articles from BEST Group have been accepted in the next IEEE Sensors Conference 2017 (Glasgow, UK).
  BEST group publishes a paper entitled "Bending Induced Electrical Response Variations in Ultra-thin Flexible Chips and Device Modeling" in Applied Physics Reviews.   
  BEST group publishes a paper entitled "Energy Autonomus, Transparent, and Flexible Tactile Skin" in Advanced Functional Materials.   

Bendable Electronics and Sensing Technology (BEST) group focuses on the multidisciplinary fields, comprising: Nanomaterials based Flexible Electronics (NanoFE), Energy Systems and Sensors, Assitive Robotic Technology (ART), and Biotronics. Our vision is to develop cost-effective high-performance flexible and large-area electronics and sensing systems on non-conventional substrates for wearable applications.

Nanostructures based Flexible Electronics

At BEST group, we investigate advanced materials, including semiconductor nanowires, two-dimensional materials, and stretchable electronic materials for various applications. We are exploring novel techniques involving:

  • Synthesis of semiconductor NWs on planar substrates and then transferring on flexible substrates using innovative printing methods.

  • For large area electronics, the group is exploring roll-to-roll printing of NWs. We are also using these methods to develop 3D-printed electronics and 3D-stacking of  flexible  systems.

  • We obtain ultra-thin chips by thinning Si-wafers using physical and chemical techniques down to about 10 μm. We are now advancing this area of research towards CMOS-based bendable ultra-thin tactile and chemical/bio-sensing chips.

Ultra-Thin Flexible CMOS Chips

Compact model for flexible Ion-Sensitive Field-Effect Transistor (ISFET) presented in BIOCAS Conference 2017 by Anastasios Vilouras:

Sensors and Energy Systems

Flexible electronics for sensing, data transmission, energy harvesting and storage applications are required to be robust against mechanical deformation. For this purpose, BEST group is exploring range of materials (e.g. graphene, piezoelectric polymers, nanocomposites etc.) and methods. Recently, the group has demonstrated:

  • A low-cost method for synthesis and transfer of high-quality graphene on flexible substrates  for large-area electronics. Novel and low cost method to developed a graphene based, energy-autonomous e-skin.
  • High performance, graphene sheet-based supercapacitor.
  • Novel pH sensing electrode integrated with stretchable radio-frequency-identification (RFID) antenna for wearable health monitoring applications.

Touch Sensors

A summary of our research about Energy Autonomous e-skin given by Dr. Garcia at IEEE Sensors Glasgow:

Electro-chemical Sensors

Integration of different types of sensors and electronics on flexible substrates, the electronic skin concept can also be extended to many other applications such as rollable sheets of solar cells or bendable photonics.

  • Stretchable pH sensor presented in IEEE Sensors Conference 2017 by Wenting Dang:

Assistive Robotics Technology

Our expertise in flexible electronics is extended towards the area of rehabilitation and assistive robotics technology. We are pursuing research in this direction by advancing materials and process innovations towards realizing smart electronic systems such as prosthesis, myoelectric band, sensory skin, haptic feedback systems, virtual and augmented reality interfaces. We are expanding the capabilities of 3D printing technology and embedding materials with inherent sensing capabilities. By exploring different materials and techniques, we are striving forward to improve the capabilities of soft robotics to viable systems of the future. Utilizing these advances enables us to advance the state-of-the-art in robotics and prosthesis.

  • A summary of our research and vision is given in Dr. Dahiya TEDxGlasgow talk:



At BEST group, we are exploring disposable biosensors and electronics for wearable electronic systems. Scaffold engineering for 3D tissue growth and differentiation, wound-healing/monitoring using bio-ferroelectric materials are the  major areas that our group is exploring. Progress has been made in the development of live-cell based electrochemical biosensors. The  group  employs smart hybrid materials as the active sensing platform for electrochemical sensing. The group also working towards the development of paper based sensors and electronics,





Group Leader
Prof. Ravinder Dahiya
Postdoctoral Researchers

Dr. Dhayalan


Dr. Libu


 Dr. Ensieh

Seyed Hosseini

Dr. Pullanchiyodan


‌‌  ‌    

Dr. Prakash


Dr. Mahesh


Dr. Mitradip


Doctoral Students

William Taube






Oliver Okwudili
























Project Students

João Neto













Past Members

Patel Shivaniben

 Project Student, 2018

Haider Makhdum

 Project Student, 2018

Wang Muheng

 Project Student, 2018

Zarraga Alvaro

 Project Student, 2018

Ankur Kambley

 Project Student, 2018
Khan Misha  Project Student, 2018

Waqas Ali

 Project Student, 2018

Martinez Fernando

 Project Student, 2018

Lei Deng

 Project Student, 2018

Kate Dalzell

 Project Student, 2018
Sangilles Carlo   Project Student, 2018

Wenting Dang

 PhD Student (Marie Curie)

Dr. Md. Abdul Kafi

Marie Curie Individual Fellow
Dr. Carlos Garcia Nuñez Postdoctoral Research Assistant
Dr. Hadi Heidari Lecturer

Adamos Christou

B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Danqui Xu B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Siwei Liu B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Songyin Hu B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Xiaogeng Wang B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Qiong Jia B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Hemachand Katna B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Lin Yang B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Yiwen Yin B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Vincent Wong M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Alexandra Todorova M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Zhiwei Tang M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Makhdum Haider B.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Zuohe Zheng M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Xin Tian M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Anton Polishchuk Researcher, 2015-2016
Dr. Emre Ozan Polat Marie Curie Fellow, 2016
Saleem Khan  PhD Student (Marie Curie), 2016
Dr. Dinesh Bhatia Indian Council of Medical Research Fellow, 2015
Finlay Maclean M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Dominic Stenton Project Student, 2015
David Ellen Project Student, 2015
Brian Magennis  Project Student, 2015
Abhishek Chauduri Nuffield Foundation visiting student, 2015
Anton Polishchuk  Project Student, 2015
Yongheng Gao  B.Sc student, 2014-2015
Edgars Pavlovskis Master student, 2014-2015
Luigi Pinna PhD student, 2010
Gergely Toldi B.Eng Student, 2015
Samuel Gyimah B.Eng Student, 2016
Richard Fitzpatrick B.Eng Student, 2015
Alex Baguma B.Eng Student, 2016                        
Saisai Wen M.Sc Student, 2016 
Enwonobong Ikono M.Sc Student, 2016 
Heba Salem M.Sc Student, 2016 
Yongheng Gao M.Sc Student, 2016 
Wafa Mir M.Sc Student, 2016 
Marie Magnaudeix Undergraduate Visiting Student, 2016 
Cristina Bikanga Ada  Nuffield Foundation Visiting Student, 2016 
Catriona Murphy Nuffield Foundation Visiting Student, 2016 

February 2019

January 2019

December 2018

  • BEST group welcomes Dr. Mahesh Soni, who has joined the group as post-doc.
  • BEST group‘s flexible super-capacitor work wins Elektra Award 2018 in the University Research Award Category.
  • Our ICURe (Innovation to Commercialisation) project gets funding from InnovateUK.
  • BEST group‘s entry to Converge challenge shortlisted for 2019 Kick-Start Challenge.

November 2018

  • BEST group receives Newton-Bhabha funding from British Council to host a researcher from IIT Roorkee, India.
  • Congratulations to William for successfully defending his PhD thesis (with minor corrections).
  • BEST group receives Newton-Bhabha funding from British Council to host a researcher from IIT Roorkee, India.
  • Congratulations to Shoubhik and Wenting for successfully defending their PhD thesis (with minor corrections).
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in NPJ Flexible Electronics.
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology – Animal.
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for oral presentation at InnoLAE 2019, Cambridge, UK.

October 2018

September 2018

  • Our FET OPEN project focussing on neuroscience based e-skin gets funding from European Commission.
  • BEST group receives funding from The Royal Society to host a Newton Fellow.

August 2018

July 2018

  • Our proposal for Special Issue on E-skin: From Humanoids to Humans accepted by the Proceedings of the IEEE.
  • BEST group‘s e-skin research in Spanish, featured on Mexican TV FOROtv.
  • BEST group hosts Prof. Takao Someya (from University of Tokyo) who presented state-of-art Electronic Skin and Strechable electronics for the next generation of health-monitoring systems directly integrated on a human skin.


  • Our monograph ‘Integration Techniques for Micro/Nanostructures Based Large-area Electronics’ accepted for publication as part of Cambridge Univ. Press’s element series on Flexible and Large Area Electronics.
  • BEST group announces 4 new Post-Doc positions starting as soon as possible.

June 2018

May 2018

April 2018

March 2018

February 2018

January 2018

December 2017

  • Fatemeh Nikbakht, and Guanbo Min join the BEST group as PhD students.
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives plenary lecture at IEEE ICECS, Batumi, Georgia
  • Habib Nassar from BEST group was at Duncanrig High School, East Kilbride to demonstrate different types of touch technologies under Ingenious Engineer initiative.

November 2017

  • Prof. Dahiya presents e-skin and wearbales for robonauts and astronauts in space at Young Professionals in Space, Bangalore, INDIA
  • Prof. Dahiya giving IEEE DL talk at Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
  • Prof. Dahiya presents e-skin research at INCmty 2017, Entrepreneurship summit Monterrey, Mexico
  • Prof. Dahiya presents e-skin research at Franco–Scottish Seminar: Robotics, The Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • Shoubhik Gupta from BEST group was at Millburn Academy, Inverness to demonstrate touch sensing technologies to high school students under Ingenious Engineer initiative.
  • Congratulations to MSc students of BEST group for their well deserved success and best wishes for their future goals.
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in Mechatronics.
  • Paper from BEST group titled "Ultra-Thin Chips for High-Performance Flexible Electronics" accepted for publication in Nature NPJ Flexible Electronics.
  • 1 paper from BEST group accepted for presentation in BIOCAS 2017 Conference, Turin, Italy.
  • BEST group is hosting Prof.Giorgio Metta from Instituto Italiano di Technologia for talk titled "From ICub to R1".

October 2017

  • Prof. Dahiya invited to give Plenary talk at IEEE ICECS, Batumi, Georgia.
  • Our SFC – Global Challenge Research project gets funded.
  • BEST group to work with several industry partners in the new EU funded project on Advanced Manufacturing.
  • Two papers from BEST group shortlisted for IEEE Sensors 2017 student awards.
  • Several papers from BEST group are presented in IEEE Sensors Conference 2017 at SEC Glasgow.
  • Public engagement initiative highlighting scientific heritage through posters at all Glasgow subway stations goes live, with hugely exciting initial response. About 600K people will use Glasgow subway during the display period (23 Oct – 5 Nov).
  • BEST group poster appears in Glasgow's subway showcasing our Science Heritage ()
  • Clara Smith, Markellos Ntagios and Habib Nassar join the BEST group as PhD students.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives invited talk in e-skin at Human Brain Project (HBP) Summit.
  • BEST group is hosting IEEE Fellow Prof. Siegfried Bauer from Johannes Kepler Universität Linz for Guest Lecture in "Dielectrics in Soft Devices".

September 2017

  • BEST group‘s e-skin research discussed in Horizon – The EU Research and Innovation Magazine.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives invited talk at Nanoinnovations, Rome, Italy.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives Keynote lecture at IEEE NGCAS, Genoa, Italy.
  • BEST group is showcasing our exciting work on e-skin at Explorathon 2017.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives invited talk at ARM Summit ().
  • BEST group members presenting their MSc research works at the School of Engineering during a poster presentation session hosted at University of Glasgow.

August 2017

  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in Frontiers in Neuroscience.
  • Multiple papers from BEST group have been accepted as oral/poster presentations in next IEEE Sensors Conference (Glasgow, 2017). 

July 2017

June 2017

May 2017

  • 2 papers from BEST group accepted for presentation in ECCTD 2017, Catania, ITALY.
  • New patent application on ‘Prosthetics with Embedded Touch’ submitted from BEST group.
  • BEST group participates in Scottish Research Partnership in Engineering conference in Advanced Forming Research Centre (AFRC).
  • BEST group participates in the event: "Meet the Expert", organized at Glasgow Science Centre.

April 2017

March 2017

February 2017


  • SFC – Global Challenge project led by Dr. Dahiya gets funded.

January 2017:

BEST Group Facilities & Equipments

Bendable Electronics and Sensing Technologies (BEST) group laboratory is equipped with tools needed for design, fabrication and characterization of flexible and stretcahble electronics, including:

Major Facilities


BEST Group Lab

Fume hoods

(lamination and extraction flow)


High Temperature Furnaces


3D Printing


DI water system (15 MΩ cm)


Electrical Characterization Tool

(multimeters, oscilloscope, wave generator, LCR meter, etc)

Hot plates


Dynamic Pressing Systems




Electro-chemical Characteriation Tools




3 and 4 points Bending System


Ultrasound bath and probe




Faraday Cage

(Microscope, Four Micrometric Probe Station)


Soldering and Mechanical Areas


Contact-printing Setup

Optical Microscopy



Dip-coating Setup


Screen-Stencil Printer Mod C920 Aurel Automation SpA



 Other Tools




High-resolution 3D Printer


BEST Group also has access to the following facilities at the University of Glasgow:

  • James Watt Nanofabrication Centre (JWNC), which is one of the finest nanofabrication facilities in the world, having state-of-the-art micro/nanofabrication and metrology equipment.
  • Glasgow Electronics Systems Design Centre, which provides resources and facilities for high-end electronic, microsystem, radiofrequency, microwave, terahertz, optical and biomedical system design, research and development.

Access to James Watt Nanofabrication Centre


Access to Electronic Systems Design Centre



 For more information please visit our Youtube channel.






Opportunities in the BEST group

We are looking for outstanding PhDs/Post-Docs interested in the field of flexible/bendable and printable electronics, e-skin, soft robotics and sensing. If you want to join my group, then send to Prof. Ravinder Dahiya your latest CV with 2 most recent papers.

Some of the PhD/Post-Doc positions currently available are related to following project:

  • 3 Post-Doc positions currently available in BEST Group
  • 1 PhD position related to Heteroprint Project (EPSRC Programme Grant)
  • 2 Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher posts – NeuTouch Project
  • 2 Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher posts – Aquasense Project


Some more PhD positions currently available are:


Fellowship Opportunities

Prof. Ravinder Dahiya has been successful in supporting a large number of strong candidates for Fellowships, including Marie Curie fellowships and Newton Fellowship. His commitment towards nurturing future research leaders is reflected by that fact that he was the finalist in the ‘Nurturing Research Talents’ category of 2014 Marie SkÅ‚odowska-Curie Actions awards. Information about the various fellowships, the application procedure and closing dates, can be found via following links:

Please contact Prof. Ravinder Dahiya if you wish to apply for any of the Research Fellowships.


Available B.Eng, M.Eng and M.Sc projects:

Students from universities who are interested in one of the projects listed below, please contact Dr. Dahiya by email, phone or in person. It is sometimes possible to have two students working on the same project. Please discuss the formalities and other informal discussion with BEST group members at room number 461, James Watt South Building.

  • Smart Multi-sensor Electronic Glove for Sensitive Artificial Prosthetic/Robotic Hand
  • Polycrystalline Si-nanowires as efficient thermoelectric materials
  • Ultra-Thin Flexible CMOS Magnetic Sensors for Wearable Applications
  • Analog Sensor Interfaces for Biomedical Applications
  • Low-Power Ultra-Low Offset Op-Amp
  • Ultra-low power Capacitive-to-Digital Converter (CDC)
  • Low-Power Piezoelectronic Transistors (PET)
  • Ultra-low power SAR ADC
  • 3D Bendable Magnetic Hall Sensor Flexible Electronics Application
  • Gesture controlled prosthetics/robotics
  • Modelling and Simulation of Silicon Nanowires based Neural Logics and Circuits
  • Silicon nanowires fabrication towards flexible electronics application
  • Atomistic Modelling and Simulation of Silicon Nanowires
  • Si-nanowire based flexible photo-sensors array/solar cells

Research Projects

Current Projects (Selected):

EPSRC Programme Grant – HETERO-PRINT (EP/R03480X/1)
Role – CoI; Funding Agency – EPSRC

EPSRC Engineering Fellowship for Growth - neuPRINTSKIN (EP/R029644/1)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – EPSRC

PH-CODING (H2020-FETOPEN-2018-829186)
Role – Co-I; Funding Agency – European Commission

AQUASENSE (H2020-MSCA-ITN-2018-813680)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – European Commission

neuTOUCH (H2020-MSCA-ITN-2018-813713)
Role – CoI; Funding Agency – European Commission

North West Centre for Advanced Manufacturing (H2020-Intereg-IVA5055) 
Role – CoI; Funding Agency – European Commission

BEND (H2020-MSCA-IF-2015-704807)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – European Commission

ELECTROHEAL (H2020-MSCA-IF-2016-753663)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – European Commission

FLEXI-G (H2020-MSCA-IF-2017-798639)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – European Commission

Newton International Fellowship - Wearable blood pressure monitoring device
Role – PI; Funding Agency – The Academy of Medical Sciences

Newton International Fellowship (NIF\R1\182437)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – The Royal Society and Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), India

Lord Kelvin Adam Smith Scholarship - 3D printable flexible electronics
Role – PI; Funding Agency – Univ. Glasgow

EPSRC-NPIF PhD Studentship (EP/R512266/1)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – EPSRC

EPSRC PhD Studentship (EP/N509668/1)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – EPSRC

PHL (FoESFt5\100025)
Role – CoI; Funding Agency – The Royal Academy of Engineering


Past Projects (Selected):

EPSRC Engineering Fellowship for Growth - Printable Tactile Skin (PRINTSKIN)(EP/M002527/1)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – EPSRC

Ingenious Grant for Public Engagement (ING1516\10\100)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – The Royal Academy of Engineering  

Chancellor's Fund Project - James Watt's inventions through Interactive 3D Holograms
Role – PI; Funding Agency – Univ. Glasgow

Chancellor's Fund Project Helping Hands (3D Printed Prosthetics Student Club)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – Univ. Glasgow

CONTEST (FP7-PITN-GA-2012-317488)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – European Commission

EPSRC First Grant (EP/M002519/1)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – EPSRC

The Royal Society Research Grant (RG2014)
Role – PI; Funding Agency – The Royal Society

Role – PI; Funding Agency – European Commission and Autonomous Province of Trento, Italy

Role – CoI;  Funding Agency – European Commission

PRIN-2007 Project (200733J8JA)
Role – CoI; Funding Agency – Ministry of Education, University and Research, Italy

Role – CoI;  Funding Agency – European Commission