Bendable Electronics and Sensing Technologies (BEST) Group


Latest News


Our FET OPEN project focussing on neuroscience based e-skin gets funding from European Commission.

BEST group‘s e-skin research in Spanish, featured on Mexican TV FOROtv


BEST group has multiple new openings for outstanding PhDs/Post-Docs interested in the field of flexible/bendable and printable electronics, e-skin, soft robotics and sensing. If you want to join BEST group, then contact Prof. Ravinder Dahiya at:

For further information, please visit HERE

edited 3 The paper from BEST group entitled "Heterogeneous Integration of Contact-printed Semiconductor Nanowires for High Performance Devices on Large Areas," has been just accepted for publication in Microsystems & Nanoengineering (from Nature).
BEST Group research on solar-powered 'synthetic skin' that could be used to create advanced prosthetic limbs for amputees is included in the UK Research and Innovation. Click on the hand for more!
BEST Group members presenting their MSc research works at the School of Engineering during a poster presentation session hosted at University of Glasgow.
BEST group publishes a paper entitled "Nanowire FET based Neural Element for Robotic Tactile Sensing Skin" in Frontiers.   
  Multiple articles from BEST Group have been accepted in the next IEEE Sensors Conference 2017 (Glasgow, UK).
  BEST group publishes a paper entitled "Bending Induced Electrical Response Variations in Ultra-thin Flexible Chips and Device Modeling" in Applied Physics Reviews.   
  BEST group publishes a paper entitled "Energy Autonomus, Transparent, and Flexible Tactile Skin" in Advanced Functional Materials.   

Bendable Electronics and Sensing Technology (BEST) group focuses on the multidisciplinary fields, comprising: Nanomaterials based Flexible Electronics (NanoFE), Energy Systems and Sensors, Assitive Robotic Technology (ART), and Biotronics. Our vision is to develop cost-effective high-performance flexible and large-area electronics and sensing systems on non-conventional substrates for wearable applications.

Nanostructures based Flexible Electronics

We investigate advanced materials, including semiconductor nanowires, two-dimensional materials, and stretchable electronic materials for different applications.

Ultra-Thin Flexible CMOS Chips

Compact model for flexible Ion-Sensitive Field-Effect Transistor (ISFET) presented in BIOCAS Conference 2017 by Anastasios Vilouras:

Sensors and Energy Systems

Touch Sensors

A summary of our research about Energy Autonomous e-skin given by Dr. Garcia at IEEE Sensors Glasgow:

Electro-chemical Sensors

Integration of different types of sensors and electronics on flexible substrates, the electronic skin concept can also be extended to many other applications such as rollable sheets of solar cells or bendable photonics.

  • Stretchable pH sensor presented in IEEE Sensors Conference 2017 by Wenting Dang:

Assistive Robotics Technology

A summary of our research and vision is given in Dr. Dahiya TEDxGlasgow talk:






Group Leader
Prof. Ravinder Dahiya
Postdoctoral Researchers
‌ ‌

Dr. Dhayalan


Dr. Libu


Dr. Ambarish


 Dr. Ensieh

Seyed Hosseini


Dr. Khudistha


Dr. Prakash


 Dr. Pullanchiyodan


Doctoral Students

William Taube






Oliver Okwudili




















Project Students

























Past Members

Dr. Md. Abdul Kafi

Marie Curie Individual Fellow
Dr. Carlos Garcia Nuñez Postdoctoral Research Assistant
Dr. Hadi Heidari Lecturer

Adamos Christou

B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Danqui Xu B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Siwei Liu B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Songyin Hu B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Xiaogeng Wang B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Qiong Jia B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Hemachand Katna B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Lin Yang B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Yiwen Yin B.Sc Student, 2017/2018
Vincent Wong M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Alexandra Todorova M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Zhiwei Tang M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Makhdum Haider B.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Zuohe Zheng M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Xin Tian M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Anton Polishchuk Researcher, 2015-2016
Dr. Emre Ozan Polat Marie Curie Fellow, 2016
Saleem Khan  PhD Student (Marie Curie), 2016
Dr. Dinesh Bhatia Indian Council of Medical Research Fellow, 2015
Finlay Maclean M.Eng Student, 2015/2016
Dominic Stenton Project Student, 2015
David Ellen Project Student, 2015
Brian Magennis  Project Student, 2015
Abhishek Chauduri Nuffield Foundation visiting student, 2015
Anton Polishchuk  Project Student, 2015
Yongheng Gao  B.Sc student, 2014-2015
Edgars Pavlovskis Master student, 2014-2015
Luigi Pinna PhD student, 2010
Gergely Toldi B.Eng Student, 2015
Samuel Gyimah B.Eng Student, 2016
Richard Fitzpatrick B.Eng Student, 2015
Alex Baguma B.Eng Student, 2016                        
Saisai Wen M.Sc Student, 2016 
Enwonobong Ikono M.Sc Student, 2016 
Heba Salem M.Sc Student, 2016 
Yongheng Gao M.Sc Student, 2016 
Wafa Mir M.Sc Student, 2016 
Marie Magnaudeix Undergraduate Visiting Student, 2016 
Cristina Bikanga Ada  Nuffield Foundation Visiting Student, 2016 
Catriona Murphy Nuffield Foundation Visiting Student, 2016 

September 2018

  • Our FET OPEN project focussing on neuroscience based e-skin gets funding from European Commission.
  • BEST group receives funding from The Royal Society to host a Newton Fellow.

August 2018

July 2018

  • Our proposal for Special Issue on E-skin: From Humanoids to Humans accepted by the Proceedings of the IEEE.
  • BEST group‘s e-skin research in Spanish, featured on Mexican TV FOROtv.
  • BEST group hosts Prof. Takao Someya (from University of Tokyo) who presented state-of-art Electronic Skin and Strechable electronics for the next generation of health-monitoring systems directly integrated on a human skin.


  • Our monograph ‘Integration Techniques for Micro/Nanostructures Based Large-area Electronics’ accepted for publication as part of Cambridge Univ. Press’s element series on Flexible and Large Area Electronics.
  • BEST group announces 4 new Post-Doc positions starting as soon as possible.

June 2018

May 2018

April 2018

March 2018

February 2018

January 2018

December 2017

  • Fatemeh Nikbakht, and Guanbo Min join the BEST group as PhD students.
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives plenary lecture at IEEE ICECS, Batumi, Georgia
  • Habib Nassar from BEST group was at Duncanrig High School, East Kilbride to demonstrate different types of touch technologies under Ingenious Engineer initiative.

November 2017

  • Prof. Dahiya presents e-skin and wearbales for robonauts and astronauts in space at Young Professionals in Space, Bangalore, INDIA
  • Prof. Dahiya giving IEEE DL talk at Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
  • Prof. Dahiya presents e-skin research at INCmty 2017, Entrepreneurship summit Monterrey, Mexico
  • Prof. Dahiya presents e-skin research at Franco–Scottish Seminar: Robotics, The Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • Shoubhik Gupta from BEST group was at Millburn Academy, Inverness to demonstrate touch sensing technologies to high school students under Ingenious Engineer initiative.
  • Congratulations to MSc students of BEST group for their well deserved success and best wishes for their future goals.
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in Mechatronics.
  • Paper from BEST group titled "Ultra-Thin Chips for High-Performance Flexible Electronics" accepted for publication in Nature NPJ Flexible Electronics.
  • 1 paper from BEST group accepted for presentation in BIOCAS 2017 Conference, Turin, Italy.
  • BEST group is hosting Prof.Giorgio Metta from Instituto Italiano di Technologia for talk titled "From ICub to R1".

October 2017

  • Prof. Dahiya invited to give Plenary talk at IEEE ICECS, Batumi, Georgia.
  • Our SFC – Global Challenge Research project gets funded.
  • BEST group to work with several industry partners in the new EU funded project on Advanced Manufacturing.
  • Two papers from BEST group shortlisted for IEEE Sensors 2017 student awards.
  • Several papers from BEST group are presented in IEEE Sensors Conference 2017 at SEC Glasgow.
  • Public engagement initiative highlighting scientific heritage through posters at all Glasgow subway stations goes live, with hugely exciting initial response. About 600K people will use Glasgow subway during the display period (23 Oct – 5 Nov).
  • BEST group poster appears in Glasgow's subway showcasing our Science Heritage ()
  • Clara Smith, Markellos Ntagios and Habib Nassar join the BEST group as PhD students.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives invited talk in e-skin at Human Brain Project (HBP) Summit.
  • BEST group is hosting IEEE Fellow Prof. Siegfried Bauer from Johannes Kepler Universität Linz for Guest Lecture in "Dielectrics in Soft Devices".

September 2017

  • BEST group‘s e-skin research discussed in Horizon – The EU Research and Innovation Magazine.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives invited talk at Nanoinnovations, Rome, Italy.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives Keynote lecture at IEEE NGCAS, Genoa, Italy.
  • BEST group is showcasing our exciting work on e-skin at Explorathon 2017.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives invited talk at ARM Summit ().
  • BEST group members presenting their MSc research works at the School of Engineering during a poster presentation session hosted at University of Glasgow.

August 2017

  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in Frontiers in Neuroscience.
  • Multiple papers from BEST group have been accepted as oral/poster presentations in next IEEE Sensors Conference (Glasgow, 2017). 

July 2017

June 2017

May 2017

  • 2 papers from BEST group accepted for presentation in ECCTD 2017, Catania, ITALY.
  • New patent application on ‘Prosthetics with Embedded Touch’ submitted from BEST group.
  • BEST group participates in Scottish Research Partnership in Engineering conference in Advanced Forming Research Centre (AFRC).
  • BEST group participates in the event: "Meet the Expert", organized at Glasgow Science Centre.

April 2017

March 2017

February 2017


  • SFC – Global Challenge project led by Dr. Dahiya gets funded.

January 2017:

BEST Group Facilities & Equipments

Bendable Electronics and Sensing Technologies (BEST) group laboratory is equipped with tools needed for design, fabrication and characterization of flexible and stretcahble electronics, including:

Major Facilities


BEST Group Lab

Fume hoods

(lamination and extraction flow)


High Temperature Furnaces


3D Printing


DI water system (15 MΩ cm)


Electrical Characterization Tool

(multimeters, oscilloscope, wave generator, LCR meter, etc)

Hot plates


Dynamic Pressing Systems




Electro-chemical Characteriation Tools




3 and 4 points Bending System


Ultrasound bath and probe




Faraday Cage

(Microscope, Four Micrometric Probe Station)


Soldering and Mechanical Areas


Contact-printing Setup

Optical Microscopy



Dip-coating Setup


Screen-Stencil Printer Mod C920 Aurel Automation SpA



 Other Tools




High-resolution 3D Printer


BEST Group also has access to the following facilities at the University of Glasgow:

  • James Watt Nanofabrication Centre (JWNC), which is one of the finest nanofabrication facilities in the world, having state-of-the-art micro/nanofabrication and metrology equipment.
  • Glasgow Electronics Systems Design Centre, which provides resources and facilities for high-end electronic, microsystem, radiofrequency, microwave, terahertz, optical and biomedical system design, research and development.

Access to James Watt Nanofabrication Centre


Access to Electronic Systems Design Centre



 For more information please visit our Youtube channel.





Opportunities in the BEST group

We are looking for three highly motivated Post-Docs and PhDs in the following areas. Interested candidates are encouraged to discuss their research plan with Dr. Ravinder Dahiya. 

EPSRC CDT Integrative Sensing and Measurement Projects (2016/17 Entry):

G_RD_1: Sweat Based Sensors for Health Monitoring (link)
First Supervisor: Dr Ravinder Dahiya, Second Supervisor: Prof. Sandosh Padmanabhan, MVLS, University of Glasgow

To apply for these PhD positions,please submit a CV and covering letter to Please include transcripts of your academic record if you have them available. Your covering letter should list the above mentioned projects and highlight how your experience and interests are pertinent to these projects. 

Available PhD/Post-Docs Position:

We are currently looking for highly motivated PhD/Post-Docs in the multidisciplinary area of flexible/bendable and printable electronics. In particular, looking for 3 highly motivated PhDs on following topics:

  • Flexible Magnetic Sensing Microsystem (link)
  • Compact Modeling of Electronic Devices on Flexible Substrates (link)
  • Ultra-thin Bendable Microsystems for Biomedical Applications (link)
  • Flexible Electronic devices using Compound Semiconductors (link)

Interested candidates are encouraged to discuss their research plan. For prospective PhD students, the detailed application process is available at:

Available B.Eng, M.Eng and M.Sc projects:

Students from universities who are interested in one of the projects listed below, please contact Dr. Dahiya by email, phone or in person. It is sometimes possible to have two students working on the same project. Please discuss the formalities and other informal discussion with BEST group members at room number 461, James Watt South Building.

  • Smart Multi-sensor Electronic Glove for Sensitive Artificial Prosthetic/Robotic Hand
  • Polycrystalline Si-nanowires as efficient thermoelectric materials
  • Ultra-Thin Flexible CMOS Magnetic Sensors for Wearable Applications
  • Analog Sensor Interfaces for Biomedical Applications
  • Low-Power Ultra-Low Offset Op-Amp
  • Ultra-low power Capacitive-to-Digital Converter (CDC)
  • Low-Power Piezoelectronic Transistors (PET)
  • Ultra-low power SAR ADC
  • 3D Bendable Magnetic Hall Sensor Flexible Electronics Application
  • Gesture controlled prosthetics/robotics
  • Modelling and Simulation of Silicon Nanowires based Neural Logics and Circuits
  • Silicon nanowires fabrication towards flexible electronics application
  • Atomistic Modelling and Simulation of Silicon Nanowires
  • Si-nanowire based flexible photo-sensors array/solar cells

Research Projects

Details of major current and past projects are available at Research Projects.

Major Current Projects

➤ PRINTSKIN – EPSRC Fellowship for Growth – Printable Tactile Skin.

➤ North West Centre for Advanced Manufacturing (NWCAM) – EU funded project.

➤ FLEXI-G – EU funded Marie Curie Fellowship Project.

➤ ELECTROHEAL – EU funded Marie Curie Fellowship Project.

➤ BEND – EU funded Marie Curie Fellowship Project.

➤ Wearable Blood Pressure Monitoring Device – Newton Fellowship Project.


Major Past Projects

➤ ‘FLEXELDEMO’ – Flexible Electronic Device Modelling.

➤ ‘CONTEST’– EU funded Marie Curie ITN project (Webpage –

➤ FLEXSENSOTRONICS– EU Funded Marie Curie Fellowship project.

➤ POSFET Tactile Sensing Arrays

➤ ROBOSKIN – EU funded Project.

➤ RobotCub – EU Funded Project (Webpage –