Abida Younas



Research title: The narratives of the Arab Spring: A Critical Study of the selected Arab Fiction in English

Research Summary

My study is an attempt to examine the recent developments in the post-Arab spring fiction produced by Anglo-Arab immigrant authors. Arab fiction has been undergoing a process of evolution since the initiation of the Arab spring. Instead of confirming to the traditional narrative modes and strategies, the contemporary Anglo-Arab authors provide bitter evaluation of the so called Arab spring and deconstruct the revolutionary rhetoric that acclaimed new eon for the Arab world by producing counter-narrative. From their retrospective point of view, the narratives of 2011 uprisings produced by these writers, interrogate the traditional narrative modes and strategies of the Arab literature. I assert that writings of these writers emulate but do not fully attain the qualities of Arab canonical writings, and consequently these writings are excluded from the canon of Arab literature which confer it a status of, what Deleuze and Guattari say, a ‘minor literature’.

Keeping in view Kafka’s mode of expression, Deleuze and Guattari assert that a minor writer must assert itself by the use of metamorphosis and must reject metaphor for the successful deterritorialization of major language. Without ever approaching metamorphosis, post-Arab Spring literature is characterized by the use of metaphor, modern and postmodern literary strategies. Written within the framework of realism, utilizing the literary strategies of postmodern literature, these writers unsettle the boundaries of literary genres and give rise to diverse phenomenal trends in Arab fiction. Considering the experiment with form and language in the novel, it becomes evident that Anglo-Arab immigrant writers drift away from Deleuze and Guattari’s original notion of Minor literature and thus expand and redefine it. They affirm to Deleuze and Guattari’s claim that in revolutionary literature “expression must break forms, encourage ruptures and new sproutings” (28). I assert that the Arab revolution is proved the production of new sproutings, in other words, diverse narratives.  These writings, by its very aim and process, are anti-essentialist and emerge as counter-narrative, which undermine the revolutionary rhetoric that has acclaimed by new rulers.


  • Younas, Abida and Saiyma Aslam. “Desire and Consumerism in the Contemporary American Novels.” Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities 21.2 (2013).
  • Younas, Abida. “Magical realism and metafiction in Post-Arab spring literature: narratives of discontent or celebration?” Journal of Middle Eastern studies (2018): 1-16.
  • Younas, Abida. “Muslim Women's Contribution in Poetry, Prose and Fiction (1870-1940).” Yaqoob, Munazza. Muslim Women's Writers of the Sub-Continent. EMEL Publications, 2014. 13-47.
  • Younas, Abida.“The Wrongs of Subaltern's Rights: A Critique on Postcolonial Authors.” Rupkatha Journal on Interdisciplinary Studies in Humanities 9.3 (2017): 132-141.
  • Younas, Abida. “Tracing the Roots of Terrorism: A Study of Melancholy in The Sentimental Terrorist and Checkpoint.” Exploration: A Literary and Research Journal (2016): 92-111.


Grants & Awards

  • PEEF (Punjab Educational Endowment Fund), Fully funded scholarship for PhD at University of Glasgow from 2016.
  • Recipient of Research Support Award, Glasgow University.
  • Recipient of PEEF Doctoral Award


  • Younas, Abida. “The ambivalence of Diasporic Authors: Between a Minor Literature and Marketable Commodity”. Majorities and Minorities: Literature and Identity, Texts and Contexts: London, 2017.
  • Younas, Abida. “Towards making a minor literature: An analysis of post-Arab Spring literature”. New Approached to Studying the Middle East: London, 2018.
  • Younas, Abida. “Creative Destruction: A critical study of the selected Asian Fiction”. The New Global City: Presenting and Translating Worldwide Cultures within a Global Citizenry: Wilmington, 2015.
  • Younas, Abida. “Constructive Performative Identities: The Portrayal Of Female in Contemporary Pakistani Fiction”. First International Conference of Language and  Literature on Modern & Contemporary Language. Literature & Culture: Lahore, 2014.
  • Younas, Abida. “Teaching of Language through Short Fiction”. 29th SPELT International Conference  2013: Islamabad, 2013.
  • Younas, Abida. “EFA or Global Hegemony? The Case for Pakistan in a Global Perspective”. Educational Development in a Changing World: Mysteries and Myths of 21st Century: Karachi. 2013. 
  • Younas, Abida. “Critical Interpretation of Language of Advertisements Under the Paradigm of Marxism: Language as an ideological State Apparatus”. 28th SPELT International ELT Conference, 2012: Islamabad.

Additional Information


Member of BRISMES and MESA.