Our COVID-19 response

Corona virus

Covid19 Publications

Lalloo, D., Roy, M. and MacDonald, E. (2020) COVID-19 Return to Work Guide for Health Professionals Advising Patients and Employers. Documentation. Society of Occupational Medicine, London.

Almagor, J. and Picascia, S. (2020) Exploring the effectiveness of a COVID-19 contact tracing app using an agent-based model. Scientific Reports, 10, 22235. (doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-79000-y) (PMID:33335125) (PMCID:PMC7746740)

Angelopoulos, K. , Lazarakis, S., Mancy, R. and Schroeder, M. (2021) Briefing Note: Medium-run wealth inequality following COVID-19. Other. University of Glasgow and Lancaster University.

Banda, J., Dube, A., Brumfield, S., Amoah, A., Crampin, A. , Reniers, G. and Helleringer, S. (2021) Knowledge, risk perceptions and behaviors related to the COVID-19 pandemic in Malawi. Demographic Research, 44, pp. 459-480. (doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2021.44.20)

Anker, S. D. et al. (2020) Conducting clinical trials in heart failure during (and after) the COVID-19 pandemic: an expert consensus position paper from the Heart Failure Association (HFA) of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). European Heart Journal, 41(22), pp. 2109-2117. (doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehaa461) (PMID:32498081)

Niedzwiedz, C. L. et al. (2021) Mental health and health behaviours before and during the initial phase of the COVID-19 lockdown: longitudinal analyses of the UK Household Longitudinal Study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 75(3), pp. 224-231. (doi: 10.1136/jech-2020-215060) (PMID:32978210)

Shoaib, A. et al. (2021) Substantial decline in hospital admissions for heart failure accompanied by increased community mortality during COVID-19 pandemic. European Heart Journal: Quality of Care and Clinical Outcomes, 7(4), pp. 378-387. (doi: 10.1093/ehjqcco/qcab040) (PMID:34043762) (PMCID:PMC8244536)

Cysique, L. A. et al. (2021) Assessment of neurocognitive functions, olfaction, taste, mental, and psycho-social health in COVID-19 in adults: recommendations for harmonization of research and implications for clinical practice. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, (doi: 10.1017/S1355617721000862) (PMID:34365990) (Early Online Publication)

Bouttell, J. et al. (2020) Evidence Review: Assessment of COVID-19 in Primary Care: the Identification of Symptoms, Signs, Characteristics, Comorbidities and Clinical Signs in Adults which may Indicate a Higher Risk of Progression to Severe Disease. Documentation. SIGN, Edinburgh.

Leyland, A. (2020) The UK Society for Social Medicine and Population Health: reflections on COVID-19 in Europe. European Journal of Public Health, 30(4), p. 843. (doi: 10.1093/eurpub/ckaa151) (PMID:32838420)

Lalloo, D., Williams, A., Roy, M., MacDonald, E. and Rayner, C. (2021) COVID-19 Return to Work in the Roadmap Out of Lockdown: Guidelines for Workers, Employers and Health Practitioners. Documentation. Society of Occupational Medicine, London.

Purba, A. K. (2020) How should the role of the nurse change in response to Covid-19? Nursing Times, 116(6), pp. 25-28.

Nafilyan, V. et al. (2021) Ethnicity, household composition and COVID-19 mortality: a national linked data study. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 114(4), pp. 182-211. (doi: 10.1177/0141076821999973) (PMID:33759630) (PMCID:PMC7994923)

Fenton, L. et al. (2021) Risk of hospital admission with covid-19 among teachers compared with healthcare workers and other adults of working age in Scotland, March 2020 to July 2021: population based case-control study. British Medical Journal, 374, n2060. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.n2060)

Clark, A. et al. (2020) Global, regional, and national estimates of the population at increased risk of severe COVID-19 due to underlying health conditions in 2020: a modelling study. Lancet Global Health, 8(8), e1003-e1017. (doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(20)30264-3) (PMID:32553130) (PMCID:PMC7295519)

Burton, J. K. et al. (2021) Impact of COVID-19 on care-home mortality and life expectancy in Scotland. Age and Ageing, 50(4), pp. 1029-1037. (doi: 10.1093/ageing/afab080) (PMID:33914870) (PMCID:PMC8135527)

Wood, R. et al. (2021) Sharing a household with children and risk of COVID-19: a study of over 300 000 adults living in healthcare worker households in Scotland. Archives of Disease in Childhood, (doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2021-321604) (PMID:33737319) (PMCID:PMC7985971) (Early Online Publication)

McCartney, G., Leyland, A. , Walsh, D. and Dundas, R. (2021) Scaling COVID-19 against inequalities: should the policy response consistently match the mortality challenge? Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 75(4), pp. 315-320. (doi: 10.1136/jech-2020-214373) (PMID:33144334) (PMCID:PMC7958082)

Olsen, J. and Mitchell, R. (2021) S&SR Environment and Spaces Group Report: COVID-19 Green and Open Space Use in Autumn 2020. Project Report. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow. (doi:10.36399/gla.pubs.234770).

Olsen, J. and Mitchell, R. (2021) S&SR Environment and Spaces Group - COVID-19 Green and Open Space Use in Spring 2021 (Wave 3): Priorities for post-pandemic recovery. Project Report. University of Glasgow, Glasgow. (doi:10.36399/gla.pubs.246702).

Hastie, C., Pell, J. and Sattar, N. (2021) Vitamin D and COVID-19 infection and mortality in UK Biobank. European Journal of Nutrition, 60, pp. 545-548. (doi: 10.1007/s00394-020-02372-4) (PMID:32851419) (PMCID:PMC7449523)

Barton, C. M. et al. (2020) Call for transparency of COVID-19 models. Science, 368(6490), pp. 482-483. (doi: 10.1126/science.abb8637) (PMID:32355024)

Bouttell, J. et al. (2021) Assessment of COVID-19 in primary care: the identification of symptoms, signs, characteristics, comorbidities and clinical signs in adults which may indicate a higher risk of progression to severe disease. Other. Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network (SIGN), Edinburgh.

Rooksby, M. , Furuhashi, T. and McLeod, H. J. (2020) Hikikomori: a hidden mental health need following the COVID-19 pandemic. World Psychiatry, 19(3), pp. 399-400. (doi: 10.1002/wps.20804) (PMID:32931118)

Lewis, R. , Blake, C. , Shimonovich, M., Coia, N., Duffy, J., Kerr, Y., Wilson, J., Graham, C. and Mitchell, K. (2021) Disrupted prevention: condom and contraception access and use among young people during the initial months of the COVID-19 pandemic. Other. MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow.

Katikireddi, S. V. , Lal, S., Carrol, E. D., Niedzwiedz, C. L. , Khunti, K., Dundas, R. , Diderichsen, F. and Barr, B. (2021) Unequal impact of the COVID-19 crisis on minority ethnic groups: a framework for understanding and addressing inequalities. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 75(10), pp. 970-974. (doi: 10.1136/jech-2020-216061) (PMID:33883198)

Raffle, A. E., Pollock, A. M. and Harding-Edgar, L. (2020) Covid-19 mass testing programmes. BMJ, 370, m3262. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.m3262) (PMID:32819920)

Douglas, M., Katikireddi, V. , Taulbut, M., McKee, M. and McCartney, G. (2020) Mitigating the wider health effects of covid-19 pandemic response. British Medical Journal, 369, m1557. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.m1557) (PMID:32341002) (PMCID:PMC7184317)

Young, B., Kotzur, M. , Gatting, L., Bonner, C., Ayre, J., McConnachie, A. , Batcup, C., McCaffery, K., O'Carroll, R. and Robb, K. A. (2021) The impact of theory-based messages on COVID-19 vaccination intentions: a structured summary of a study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 22, 311. (doi: 10.1186/s13063-021-05277-7) (PMID:33926540) (PMCID:PMC8082050)

Henery, P. et al. (2021) Ethnic and social inequalities in COVID-19 outcomes in Scotland: protocol for early pandemic evaluation and enhanced surveillance of COVID-19 (EAVE II). BMJ Open, 11(8), e048852. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-048852) (PMID:34376451) (PMCID:PMC8359861)

Kingstone, T., Taylor, A. K., O'Donnell, C. A. , Atherton, H., Blane, D. N. and Chew-Graham, C. A. (2020) Finding the 'right' GP: a qualitative study of the experiences of people with long-COVID. BJGP Open, 4(5), bjgpopen20X101143. (doi: 10.3399/bjgpopen20X101143) (PMID:33051223) (PMCID:PMC7880173)

Hotopf, M., Bullmore, E., O'Connor, R. C. and Holmes, E. A. (2020) The scope of mental health research in the COVID-19 Pandemic and its aftermath. British Journal of Psychiatry, 217(4), pp. 540-542. (doi: 10.1192/bjp.2020.125) (PMID:32493516) (PMCID:PMC7330278)

Shah, A. S.V. et al. (2020) Risk of hospital admission with coronavirus disease 2019 in healthcare workers and their households: nationwide linkage cohort study. British Medical Journal, 371, m3582. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.m3582) (PMID:33115726) (PMCID:PMC7591828)

Wasilewski, M. B., Cimino, S. R., Kokorelias, K. M., Simpson, R., Hitzig, S. L. and Robinson, L. (2021) Providing rehabilitation to patients recovering from COVID-19: a scoping review. PM&R, (doi: 10.1002/pmrj.12669) (PMID:34240576) (Early Online Publication)

Webb, R. T., McManus, S. and O'Connor, R. C. (2021) Evidencing the detrimental impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health across Europe. Lancet Regional Health - Europe, 2, 100052. (doi: 10.1016/j.lanepe.2021.100052)

Burnett, H., Olsen, J. R. , Nicholls, N. and Mitchell, R. (2021) Change in time spent visiting and experiences of green space following restrictions on movement during the COVID-19 pandemic: a nationally representative cross-sectional study of UK adults. BMJ Open, 11(3), e044067. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044067) (PMID:34006030) (PMCID:PMC7942249)

Das, R. R., Jaiswal, N. , Dev, N., Jaiswal, N., Naik, S. S. and Sankar, J. (2020) Efficacy and safety of anti-malarial drugs (chloroquine and hydroxy-chloroquine) in treatment of COVID-19 infection: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Frontiers in Medicine, 7, 482. (doi: 10.3389/fmed.2020.00482) (PMID:32850924) (PMCID:PMC7403461)

Hunt, K. et al. (2020) Protocol for a mixed-method investigation of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and gambling practices, experiences and marketing in the UK: the “Betting and Gaming COVID-19 Impact Study”. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(22), 8449. (doi: 10.3390/ijerph17228449) (PMID:33203076)

Al-Ozairi, E. et al. (2021) Risk of mortality among inpatients with COVID-19 and type 2 diabetes: national data from Kuwait. Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, (doi: 10.1002/edm2.287) (Early Online Publication)

Voors, A. A. et al. (2020) Circulating plasma concentrations of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 in men and women with heart failure and effects of renin–angiotensin–aldosterone inhibitors. European Heart Journal, 41(19), pp. 1810-1817. (doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehaa373) (PMID:32388565) (PMCID:PMC7239195)

Pellicori, P. et al. (2021) COVID-19 and its cardiovascular effects: a systematic review of prevalence studies. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2021(3), CD013879. (doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD013879) (PMID:33704775)

Davidson, J. C., Karadzhov, D. and Wilson, G. (2021) Practitioners’ and policymakers’ successes, challenges, innovations, and learning in promoting children’s well-being during COVID-19: protocol for a multinational smartphone app survey. JMIR Research Protocols, 10(7), e31013. (doi: 10.2196/31013) (PMID:34323850)

Simpson, C.R. et al. (2021) First-dose ChAdOx1 and BNT162b2 COVID-19 vaccines and thrombocytopenic, thromboembolic and hemorrhagic events in Scotland. Nature Medicine, 27(7), pp. 1290-1297. (doi: 10.1038/s41591-021-01408-4) (PMID:34108714)

Liu, Y., Du, X., Chen, J., Jin, Y., Peng, L., Wang, H. H.X. , Luo, M., Chen, L. and Zhao, Y. (2020) Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio as an independent risk factor for mortality in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Journal of Infection, 81(1), e6-e12. (doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2020.04.002) (PMID:32283162) (PMCID:PMC7195072)

Jani, B. D. , Pell, J. P. , McGagh, D., Liyanage, H., Kelly, D., de Lusignan, S., Weatherburn, C. J., Burns, R., Sullivan, F. M. and Mair, F. S. (2020) Recording COVID-19 consultations: review of symptoms, risk factors, and proposed SNOMED CT terms. BJGP Open, 4(4), bjgpopen20X101125. (doi: 10.3399/bjgpopen20X101125) (PMID:32843331) (PMCID:PMC7606148)

Hainey, K. J. and Katikireddi, S. V. (2021) The inverse care law in critical care during the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Regional Health - Europe, 1, 100008. (doi: 10.1016/j.lanepe.2020.100008) (PMCID:PMC7834397)

Pirkis, J. et al. (2021) Suicide trends in the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic: interrupted time series analysis of preliminary data from 21 countries. Lancet Psychiatry, 8(7), pp. 579-588. (doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(21)00091-2) (PMID:33862016)

Ho, F. K. et al. (2020) Modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for COVID-19, and comparison to risk factors for influenza and pneumonia: results from a UK Biobank prospective cohort study. BMJ Open, 10, e040402. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-040402) (PMID:33444201) (PMCID:PMC7678347)

Cherrie, J. W., Cherrie, M. P.C., Smith, A., Holmes, D., Semple, S., Steinle, S., MacDonald, E. , Moore, G. and Loh, M. (2021) Contamination of air and surfaces in workplaces with SARS-CoV-2 Virus: a systematic review. Annals of Work Exposures and Health, (doi: 10.1093/annweh/wxab026) (PMID:34329379) (Early Online Publication)

Petermann-Rocha, F. et al. (2020) Comparison of two different frailty measurements and risk of hospitalisation or death from COVID-19: findings from UK Biobank. BMC Medicine, 18, 355. (doi: 10.1186/s12916-020-01822-4) (PMID:33167965) (PMCID:PMC7652674)

Kyle, D., Shaw, M., Maguire, D., McMillan, D. , Quasim, T. , Leyland, A. H. and McPeake, J. (2021) The wider implications of the COVID-19 pandemic: assessing the impact of accident and emergency use for frequent attenders. International Emergency Nursing, 56, 100984. (doi: 10.1016/j.ienj.2021.100984) (PMID:33677141) (PMCID:PMC7896822)

O'Connor, R. et al. (2020) Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: authors’ reply. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(7), e44-e45. (doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30247-9) (PMID:32563319) (PMCID:PMC7302786)

Lewis, R. , Blake, C. , Shimonovich, M., Coia, N., Duffy, J., Kerr, Y., Wilson, J., Graham, C. and Mitchell, K. (2021) Disrupted prevention: Condom and contraception access and use among young adults during the initial months of the COVID-19 pandemic. An online survey. BMJ Sexual and Reproductive Health, (doi: 10.1136/bmjsrh-2020-200975) (PMID:33707178) (PMCID:PMC7956735) (Early Online Publication)

Taylor, A. K., Kingstone, T., Briggs, T. A., O'Donnell, C. A. , Atherton, H., Blane, D. N. and Chew‐Graham, C. A. (2021) 'Reluctant pioneer’: a qualitative study of doctors’ experiences as patients with long-COVID. Health Expectations, 24(3), pp. 833-842. (doi: 10.1111/hex.13223) (PMID:33749957) (PMCID:PMC8235894)

Niedzwiedz, C. L. et al. (2020) Ethnic and socioeconomic differences in SARS-CoV-2 infection: prospective cohort study using UK Biobank. BMC Medicine, 18, 160. (doi: 10.1186/s12916-020-01640-8) (PMID:32466757) (PMCID:PMC7255908)

McQueenie, R. et al. (2020) Multimorbidity, polypharmacy, and COVID-19 infection within the UK Biobank cohort. PLoS ONE, 15(8), e0238091. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0238091) (PMID:32817712) (PMCID:PMC7440632)

Young, B. and Robb, K. (2020) How to get people to comply with COVID-19 public health measures – lessons from cancer screening. Conversation, 24 Nov.

Robertson, E., Reeve, K. S., Niedzwiedz, C. L. , Moore, J., Blake, M., Green, M. , Katikireddi, S. V. and Benzeval, M. J. (2021) Predictors of COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy in the UK household longitudinal study. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 94, pp. 41-50. (doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2021.03.008) (PMID:33713824) (PMCID:PMC7946541)

Perry, R. J. et al. (2021) Characteristics and outcomes of COVID-19-associated stroke: a UK multicentre case-control study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, 92(3), pp. 242-248. (doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2020-324927) (PMID:33154179)

Vasileiou, E. et al. (2021) Interim findings from first-dose mass COVID-19 vaccination roll-out and COVID-19 hospital admissions in Scotland: a national prospective cohort study. Lancet, 397(10285), pp. 1646-1657. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00677-2) (PMID:33901420) (PMCID:PMC8064669)

Zhang, J., Pellicori, P. , Schutte, R. and Cleland, J.G. (2021) The association between blood groups and COVID-19 infection: a study from the UK Biobank. Journal of Internal Medicine, 289(5), pp. 747-748. (doi: 10.1111/joim.13226) (PMID:33306225)

Ashwell, G., Blane, D. , Lunan, C. and Matheson, J. (2020) General practice post-COVID-19: time to put equity at the heart of health systems? British Journal of General Practice, 70(697), p. 400. (doi: 10.3399/bjgp20X712001) (PMID:32732207)

de Lusignan, S. et al. (2020) In-pandemic development of an application ontology for COVID-19 surveillance in a primary care sentinel network. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, (doi: 10.2196/preprints.21434) (Submitted)

Ul Haq, Z. et al. (2020) Clinical characteristics, mortality and associated risk factors in COVID-19 patients reported in ten major hospitals of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad, 32(4-Sup1), S633-S639. (PMID:33754522)

O'Connor, R. C. et al. (2021) Mental health and wellbeing during the COVID-19 pandemic: longitudinal analyses of adults in the UK COVID-19 Mental Health & Wellbeing study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 218(6), pp. 326-333. (doi: 10.1192/bjp.2020.212) (PMID:33081860) (PMCID:PMC7684009)

Sigfrid, L. et al. (2021) Long Covid in adults discharged from UK hospitals after Covid-19: a prospective, multicentre cohort study using the ISARIC WHO Clinical Characterisation Protocol. Lancet Regional Health - Europe, 8, 100186. (doi: 10.1016/j.lanepe.2021.100186) (PMID:34386785) (PMCID:PMC8343377)

Pollock, A. M. and Harding-Edgar, L. (2020) Policy Note: Coronavirus crisis: underfunding, restructuring, privatisation and fragmentation at the heart of the crisis in Holyrood and Westminster. Documentation. Scottish Centre on European Relations, Edinburgh, UK.

Chauhan, A., Agarwal, A., Jaiswal, N. and Singh, M. (2020) ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine for SARS-CoV-2. Lancet, 396(10261), pp. 1485-1486. (doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)32271-6) (PMID:33160563) (PMCID:PMC7832915)

Armstrong, S. et al. (2020) Left out and locked down: impacts of COVID-19 for marginalised groups in Scotland. Project Report. University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Scotland.

Aldridge, R. W., Lewer, D., Katikireddi, S. V. , Mathur, R., Pathak, N., Burns, R. and Fragaszy, E. B. (2020) Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic groups in England are at increased risk of death from COVID-19: indirect standardisation of NHS mortality data. Wellcome Open Research, 5, 88. (doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15922.2) (PMID:32613083) (PMCID:PMC7317462)

Stock, S. J. et al. (2020) COVID-19 in Pregnancy in Scotland (COPS): protocol for an observational study using linked Scottish national data. BMJ Open, 10(11), e042813. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-042813) (PMID:33243817) (PMCID:PMC7691999)

Murphy, D. et al. (2020) Meeting the Psychological Needs of People Recovering from Severe Coronavirus. Other. British Psychological Society.

Bell, S. et al. (2020) COVID-19 in patients undergoing chronic kidney replacement therapy and kidney transplant recipients in Scotland: findings and experience from the Scottish renal registry. BMC Nephrology, 21, 419. (doi: 10.1186/s12882-020-02061-8) (PMID:33004002) (PMCID:PMC7528715)

Blane, D. , McMahon, A., Lunan, C., Montgomery, J. and Richardson, H. (2021) GPs at the Deep End Report 37: COVID-19 vaccine deployment for marginalised groups in Scotland. Documentation. University of Glasgow, Glasgow.

Holmes, E. A. et al. (2020) Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health services. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(6), pp. 547-560. (doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30168-1) (PMID:32304649) (PMCID:PMC7159850)

Anderson, J. J. et al. (2021) Remote history of VTE is associated with severe COVID-19 in middle and older age: UK Biobank cohort study. Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis, (doi: 10.1111/jth.15452) (PMID:34242477) (Early Online Publication)

Hanlon, P. et al. (2020) COVID-19 – exploring the implications of long-term condition type and extent of multimorbidity on years of life lost: a modelling study. Wellcome Open Research, 5, 75. (doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.15849.1) (PMID:PPR153916)

Willder, J. M., McCall, P. , Messow, C.-M. , Gillies, M., Berry, C. and Shelley, B. (2021) Study protocol for COVID-RV: a multicentre prospective observational cohort study of right ventricular dysfunction in ventilated patients with COVID-19. BMJ Open, 11(1), e042098. (doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-042098) (PMID:33441361) (PMCID:PMC7811959)

Shah, A. S.V. et al. (2021) Effect of vaccination on transmission of SARS-CoV-2. New England Journal of Medicine, (doi: 10.1056/NEJMc2106757) (Early Online Publication)

Olsen, J. and Mitchell, R. (2020) S&SR Environments and Spaces Group: Change in use of green and open space following COVID-19 lockdown ‘stay at home’ phase and initial easing of lockdown. Project Report. University of Glasgow. (doi:10.36399/gla.pubs.223180). (Unpublished)

Da Silva Filipe, A. et al. (2021) Genomic epidemiology reveals multiple introductions of SARS-CoV-2 from mainland Europe into Scotland. Nature Microbiology, 6(1), pp. 112-122. (doi: 10.1038/s41564-020-00838-z) (PMID:33349681)

Pollock, A. M., Clements, L. and Harding-Edgar, L. (2020) Covid-19: why we need a national health and social care service. BMJ, 369, m1465. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.m1465) (PMID:32291259)

Hastie, C. E. et al. (2020) Vitamin D concentrations and COVID-19 infection in UK Biobank. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews, 14(4), pp. 561-565. (doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2020.04.050) (PMID:32413819) (PMCID:PMC7204679)

Jani, B. D. , Ho, F. K., Lowe, D. J. , Traynor, J. P., MacBride-Stewart, S. P., Mark, P. B. , Mair, F. S. and Pell, J. P. (2021) Comparison of COVID-19 outcomes among shielded and non-shielded populations. Scientific Reports, 11, 15278. (doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-94630-6)

Mangion, K. et al. (2020) The Chief Scientist Office cardiovascular and pulmonary imaging in SARS Coronavirus disease-19 (CISCO-19) study. Cardiovascular Research, 116(14), pp. 2185-2196. (doi: 10.1093/cvr/cvaa209) (PMID:32702087) (PMCID:PMC7454350)

Embregts, P., Heerkens, L., Frielink, N., Giesbers, S., Vromans, L. and Jahoda, A. (2021) Experiences of mothers caring for a child with an intellectual disability during the COVID‐19 pandemic in the Netherlands. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 65(8), pp. 760-771. (doi: 10.1111/jir.12859) (PMID:34076326) (PMCID:PMC8242374)

Mair, F. S. , Foster, H. M.E. and Nicholl, B. I. (2020) Multimorbidity and the COVID-19 pandemic – an urgent call to action. Journal of Comorbidity, 10, pp. 1-2. (doi: 10.1177/2235042X20961676) (PMID:33117721) (PMCID:PMC7573706)

Sattar, N. et al. (2020) BMI and future risk for COVID-19 infection and death across sex, age and ethnicity: preliminary findings from UK biobank. Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews, 14(5), pp. 1149-1151. (doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2020.06.060) (PMID:32668401) (PMCID:PMC7326434)

Kopasker, D. (2021) Good work and mental health in the post-Covid era. In: McCann, P. and Vorley, T. (eds.) Productivity and the Pandemic: Challenges and Insights from Covid-19. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited: Cheltenham, UK, pp. 119-131. ISBN 9781800374591 (doi:10.4337/9781800374607.00015)

Greenhalgh, T., Schmid, M. B., Czypionka, T., Bassler, D. and Gruer, L. (2020) Face masks for the public during the covid-19 crisis. British Medical Journal, 369, m1435. (doi: 10.1136/bmj.m1435) (PMID:32273267)

Siddaway, A. P. (2020) Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(7), e42. (doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30249-2) (PMID:32563317) (PMCID:PMC7302763)

McKeigue, P. M. et al. (2020) Rapid Epidemiological Analysis of Comorbidities and Treatments as risk factors for COVID-19 in Scotland (REACT-SCOT): a population-based case-control study. PLoS Medicine, 17(10), e1003374. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1003374) (PMID:33079969) (PMCID:PMC7575101)

Harrison, E. M. et al. (2020) Ethnicity and outcomes from COVID-19: the ISARIC CCP-UK prospective observational cohort study of hospitalised patients. SSRN Electronic Journal, (doi: 10.2139/ssrn.3618215) (Submitted)

Mutambudzi, M. et al. (2021) Occupation and risk of severe COVID-19: prospective cohort study of 120 075 UK Biobank participants. Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 78(5), pp. 307-314. (doi: 10.1136/oemed-2020-106731) (PMID:33298533)

Gostoli, U. and Silverman, E. (2021) Towards a Behavioural Model of Covid-19 Spread. 3rd International Workshop on Agent-Based Modelling of Human Behaviour (ABMHuB'21), 19 Jul 2021.

Ho, F. K. et al. (2020) Is older age associated with COVID-19 mortality in the absence of other risk factors? General population cohort study of 470,034 participants. PLoS ONE, 15(11), e0241824. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0241824) (PMID:33152008) (PMCID:PMC7644030)

Quinn, T. J. et al. (2021) Following the Science? Comparison of methodological and reporting quality of covid-19 and other research from the first wave of the pandemic. BMC Medicine, 19, 46. (doi: 10.1186/s12916-021-01920-x) (PMID:33618741) (PMCID:PMC7899793)

Kumleben, N., Bhopal, R., Czypionka, T., Gruer, L., Kock, R., Stebbing, J. and Stigler, F.L. (2020) Test, test, test for COVID-19 antibodies: the importance of sensitivity, specificity and predictive powers. Public Health, 185, pp. 88-90. (doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2020.06.006) (PMID:32590234) (PMCID:PMC7287442)

Niedzwiedz, C. , Benzeval, M., Hainey, K., Leyland, A. and Katikireddi, V. (2021) Psychological distress among people with probable COVID-19 infection: analysis of the UK Household Longitudinal Study. BJPsych Open, 7(3), e104. (doi: 10.1192/bjo.2021.63) (PMID:34001295) (PMCID:PMC8134894)

Dema, E. et al. (2021) Methodology of Natsal-COVID Wave 1: a large, quasi-representative survey with qualitative follow-up measuring the impact of COVID-19 on sexual and reproductive health in Britain. Wellcome Open Research, (doi: 10.12688/wellcomeopenres.16963.1) (Early Online Publication)

Cleland, J. G.F. , Clark, R. A., Pellicori, P. and Inglis, S. C. (2020) Caring for people with heart failure and many other medical problems through and beyond the COVID‐19 pandemic; the advantages of universal‐access to home telemonitoring. European Journal of Heart Failure, 22(6), pp. 995-998. (doi: 10.1002/ejhf.1864) (PMID:32385954) (PMCID:PMC7273055)

Bouttell, J. and Hawkins, N. (2021) Evaluation of triage tests when existing test capacity is constrained: application to rapid diagnostic testing in COVID-19. Medical Decision Making, (doi: 10.1177/0272989X211014114) (PMID:34009068) (Early Online Publication)

Niederkrotenthaler, T. et al. (2020) Suicide research, prevention, and COVID-19: towards a global response and the establishment of an international research collaboration. Crisis, 41(5), pp. 321-330. (doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000731) (PMID:32716205)

Pellicori, P. (2020) At the heart of COVID-19. European Heart Journal, 41(19), pp. 1830-1832. (doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehaa415) (PMID:32405639)

Psotka, M. A. et al. (2020) Conduct of clinical trials in the era of COVID-19: JACC scientific expert panel. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 76(20), pp. 2368-2378. (doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2020.09.544) (PMID:33183511)

Jani, B. D. et al. (2021) Family history of diabetes and risk of SARS-COV-2 in UK Biobank: a prospective cohort study. Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, (doi: 10.1002/edm2.283) (Early Online Publication)

Simpson, R. and Robinson, L. (2020) Rehabilitation following critical illness in people with COVID-19 infection. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 99(6), pp. 470-474. (doi: 10.1097/PHM.0000000000001443) (PMID:32282359) (PMCID:PMC7253039)

Wardle, H. et al. (2021) The impact of the initial Covid-19 lockdown upon regular sports bettors in Britain: findings from a cross-sectional online study. Addictive Behaviors, 118, 106876. (doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2021.106876) (PMID:33647707)

Whitley, E. , Reeve, K. and Benzeval, M. (2021) Tracking the mental health of home-carers during the first COVID-19 national lockdown: evidence from a nationally representative UK survey. Psychological Medicine, (doi: 10.1017/S0033291721002555) (Early Online Publication)

Long, E. et al. (2021) COVID-19 pandemic and its impact on social relationships and health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, (doi: 10.1136/jech-2021-216690) (PMID:34413184) (Early Online Publication)

Hanna, C. R. , Robb, K. A. , Blyth, K. G. , Jones, R. J. and Chalmers, A. J. (2021) Clinician attitudes to using low dose radiotherapy to treat COVID-19 lung disease. International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics, 109(4), pp. 886-890. (doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2020.12.003) (PMID:33309910) (PMCID:PMC7726525)

Sabir, S. R., Thomson, E. C. , Guzik, T. J., D’Acquisto, F. and Maffia, P. (2020) COVID-19: the new immune challenge. Frontiers for Young Minds, 8, 582971. (doi: 10.3389/frym.2020.582971)

Wismans, A. et al. (2021) The role of impulsivity and delay discounting in student compliance with COVID-19 protective measures. Personality and Individual Differences, 179, 110925. (doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2021.110925)

Bynner, C. and Terje, A. (2021) What types of knowledge do policy makers need to respond to the COVID-19 pandemic? [Website]

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Watt, G., Mullin, A. and Blane, D. (2020) GPs at the Deep End Report 36: General Practice in the time of COVID-19. Documentation. University of Glasgow, Glasgow.

Fitzgerald, N., Uny, I., Brown, A., Eadie, D., Ford, A., Lewsey, J. and Stead, M. (2021) Managing COVID-19 transmission risks in bars: an interview and observation study. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 82(1), pp. 42-54. (doi: 10.15288/jsad.2021.82.42) (PMID:33573721)

Demkowicz, O. et al. (2021) Looking back to move forward: reflections on the strengths and challenges of the COVID-19 UK mental health research response. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12, 622562. (doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2021.622562) (PMID:33897488) (PMCID:PMC8060503)

Bhandari, R. and Nesterova, Y. (2020) Support thy neighbour : why a strong local response will help beat COVID-19. [Website]

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Aggarwal, K. et al. (2020) Ocular surface manifestations of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, 15(11), e0241661. (doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0241661) (PMID:33151999) (PMCID:PMC7643964)

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Ho, F. K., Man, K. K.S., Toshner, M., Church, C., Celis-Morales, C. , Wong, I. C.K., Berry, C. , Sattar, N. and Pell, J. P. (2021) Thromboembolic risk in hospitalised and non-hospitalised Covid-19 patients: a self-controlled case series analysis of a nation-wide cohort. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, (doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2021.07.002) (PMCID:PMC8282478) (In Press)

Katikireddi, V. , Hainey, K. and Beale, S. (2021) The impact of COVID-19 on different population subgroups: ethnic, gender and age-related disadvantage. Journal of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh, 51(S1), S40-S46. (doi: 10.4997/JRCPE.2021.240) (PMID:34185037)

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Grants Awarded for Covid19 Research

  • Chief Scientist Office. Understanding longer-term health impacts of social distancing and
    behavioural interventions introduced to prevent the spread of infection in the populationDr Katie Robb (PI) & Professor Rory O’Connor. £37,000.
  • Hunt K, Stead M, Purves R, Bunn C, Gray C, Reith G, Wardle H, Dobbie F, Critchlow N, Donnachie A. Transitions to more harmful forms of gambling during Covid-19 pandemic: behaviours and targeted marketing in young people and bettors on sport. ESRC £464,387. Jun 2020-Dec 2021.
  • Gray CM, O’Donnell K, Wyke S part of a Scotland-wide consortium of 33 behavioural scientists Protecting population physical & mental health during the coronavirus pandemic: A representative national weekly survey to understand changes. CSO £324,472. May 2020-Nov 2020.
  • Shakespeare T, Watson N, Burns N, Pearson C, Wiseman P, Banks M and Kupar H. Disability and Covid 19. The aim of this study is to understand disabled people's experiences during the COVID-19 epidemic, barriers experienced and lessons learned for policy and  practice. £390,000 ESRC COVID-19 Rapid Response research call
  • Crampin A, Mwansambo C, Chauma Mwale A, Madise N, Ho A, Mwapasa V, Nyirenda T, Read J, Jewell C, MacPherson P, Price A, Amoah ASARS-CoV-2 immunoepidemiology in Wellcome-funded urban andrural cohorts in Malawi : generating evidence to inform regional medium and long term decision making. Wellcome £249,544.00
  • Hatton, C., Hastings, R, Abbott, D., Beyer, S., Bradshaw, J., Gore, N., Heslop, P., Jahoda, A., Marriot, A., Scior, K., Taggart, L., and Todd, S. Title: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on people with learning disabilities and factors associated with better outcomes. MRC award, £763,431 (September 2020- 2021)
  • Prof Kate O’Donnell as PI; Dr Sara Macdonald and Dr David Blane as Co-Is. Title: Patient and public understanding of, and preferences for, digital tools to support the Scottish Test, Trace, Isolate, Support programme for COVID-19 infection. DHI/PHS; £30,000. (June – August 2020).
  • How has Covid-19 social distancing amplified the mental health vulnerabilities of gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBM)?  Dr Jamie Frankis, Reader in Health Psychology, GCU, Prof P Flowers, U. Strathclyde; Prof L McDaid, U. Glasgow; Dr D Strongylou, R Kincaid, GCU, J Heng, NHS Glasgow; T Tougher, NHS Lanarkshire; Y Kerr & Dr D Clutterbuck, NHS Lothian; Dr L Wallace, HPS; N Sparling, HIV Scotland.  CSO £49,728 
  • Social and health impacts of COVID-19 suppression in vulnerable groupsProf Sarah ArmstrongDr Lucy Pickering - CSO £186,869


MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit

Robertson Centre for Biostatistics

The Roberson Centre for Biostatistics are involved as co-applicants/partners in the undernoted Covid19-related grants:

  • UKRI NIHR - Demographic, multi-morbidity and genetic impact on myocardial involvement and its recovery from COVID-19: the COVID-HEART study - Prof Colin J Berry, Robertson Centre (Data Management, Statistics, Project Management, ECGs] – Total Grant award £620,076
  • Medical Research Scotland – The influence of COVID-19 pandemic on the Scottish congenital heart disease populationDr Mark Danton, Professor J G Cleland, Professor Alex McConnachieMs Sharon Kean – Total Grant Award £20,000
  • Medical Research Scotland - Right Ventricular Dysfunction in Ventilated Patients with COVID-19 (COVID-RV)Dr Ben Shelley, Professor Colin J Berry, Dr Claudia-Martina Messow – Total Grant Award £18,280
  • Chief Scientists Office – Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Imaging in SARS Coronavirus disease-19 (CISCO-19)Professor Colin J Berry, Professor Alex McConnachieMs Sharon Kean – Total Grant Award £47,940
  • Medical Research Scotland - 3D Telemedicine: Transforming Patient Communication during Covid-19Dr Steven Lo, Robertson Centre [Statistics] - Total Grant Award £19,829

Additional advisory roles and outputs:

  • RCB provides technical support for Professor Pell to analyse data in the Glasgow SafeHaven to inform the Health Board’s strategy on COVID-19 ‘shielding’.
  • The RCB team has also created several UK national registries (supported by the British Cardiovascular Society) to capture cardiovascular complications and interventions associated with COVID-19,
  • Dr Pierpaolo Pellicori (Clinical Senior Lecturer) is leading a Cochrane Rapid Review on cardiovascular complications of COVID-19.

Covid19 Advisory Roles

  • Professor Andrew Gumley chairs the Scottish Government Covid-19 Mental Health Advisory Group and Professor Rory O’Connor is a member.
  • Professor Rory O’Connor co-led the Academy of Medical Sciences and MQ Transforming Mental Health Position Paper published in Lancet Psychiatry on setting the mental health science research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic.
  • Professor Rory O’Connor was part of the COVID-19 International Suicide Prevention Research Collaboration which highlighted the strategic response for suicide prevention, also published in Lancet Psychiatry.
  • Professor Rory O’Connor and Jack Melson worked closely with the Scottish Government on its flagship Distress Brief Intervention Programme and developed all of the intervention and training materials. In May 2020, the First Minister decided to scale up the DBI programme nationally to deal with the impact of Covid-19.
  • Professor Jill Pell is a member of the Scottish Government’s Covid-19 Advisory Group and the testing strategy sub-group.
  • Professor Andrew Gumley and Professor John Cleland are members of the CSO / NRS Restart Strategic Advisory Group.
  • Claire Orange and Professor Julie Brittenden in RESTART group
  • Professor Danny Mackay is member of the UKRI-BBSRC COVID-19 Cohort of Experts.
  • Professor Kate O'Donnell is member of the Scottish Government Expert Reference Group on Ethnicity COVID-19.
  • Professor Vittal Katikireddi is Co-Chair of the Scottish Government Expert Reference Group on Ethnicity COVID-19.
  • Dr Janet Bouttell, Professor Olivia Wu, Professor Kate O’DonnellDr David Blane and Dr Bhautesh Jani are all part of the working group with SIGN and Health Improvement Scotland to produce evidence-based guidance for Primary Care.
  • Dr David Ross provides COVID-19 advice and support to UK Defence, the Army and NATO and is lead researcher looking at the impact of COVID-19 lockdown and social isolation in soldiers.


  • Dr Elise Whitley is a member of Public Health Scotland’s Mental Health Cell and currently contributing to priority setting for future work and advising on likely data sources for monitoring.
  • Dr Eric Silverman is a member of Covid-19 Healthcare Coalition which is developing a decision-support dashboard intended to help policy-makers in the US to monitor the progress of the pandemic at the state and county level throughout the country.
  • Professor Rich Mitchell and Dr Jonathan Olsen are on Public Health Scotland's Social and System Recovery: Environments and Spaces Group. Rich is leading their Evidence and Data subgroup.
    The group is currently exploring the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic for open spaces, parks, streets, public spaces.
  • Ms Ruth Dundas is part of The Scottish COVID-19 Response Consortium (SCRC) - a group of epidemiologists, mathematical modellers, data scientists, software developers and other scientists that have come together to develop new models to help inform the control of COVID-19.
  • One of the key groups identified by RAMP to develop a wider range of pandemic models is the University of Glasgow led Scottish COVID-19 Response Consortium. SPHSU is involved in curating data to support model specification and calibration, and we will be increasingly involved in model design and programming.
  • Dr Vittal Katikireddi is co-chair and Dr Rachel ThomsonDr Theocharis Kromydas and Dr Peter Craig are members of a group convened by Public Health Scotland to advise the Scottish Government and other stakeholders (e.g. CoSLA, Social Security Scotland) on the impacts of the COVID-19 response on health and health inequalities that arise through economic and related pathways, and on actions that may mitigate negative impacts and enhance positive impacts. The group has published a briefing looking at protecting the health of the working-age population as lockdown reduces. 

Other Covid19 Outputs

INS (International Neuropsychological Society) Newsletter

  • Narayanan, J., Evans, J.J., & Wilson, B.A., (2020) Balint’s syndrome as a consequence of COVID-19: A case from Southern India. INS News: International Neuropsychological Society Member Newsletter, Issue 3, p27-31

BMJ Editorial

Public Health Scotland Report


We are grateful to Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences (ICAMS) for allowing us to use content from the main MVLS COVID-19 OUTPUTS webpage and to ICAMS' Karen Trofimova and IHW's Audrey Dickie for keeping our information up to date.