Dr Ewan Wakefield

  • Research Associate (Institute of Biodiversity Animal Health & Comparative Medicine)

Biography

Education

2005 – 2009 PhD (Biology) University of St Andrews/British Antarctic Survey, UK

2000 – 2001 MSc (Marine Environmental Protection), University of Wales, Bangor, UK

1993 – 1996    BSc (Ocean Science), University of Plymouth, UK

Research and Professional Experience

2016 – present NERC Independent Research Fellow, University of Glasgow, UK.

2014 – 2015 Conservation Scientist, RSPB Centre for Conservation Science, UK.

2013 – 2014 Leadership Fellow, University of Glasgow, UK.

2013 – 2014 Visiting Research Fellow, School of Biology, University of Leeds, UK.

2010 – 2013 Research Fellow, University of Leeds, UK.


Research interests

My main research interests are centred on pelagic seabirds and in particular their spatial ecology. This is a subject I find particularly fascinating and challenging because:

  1. Pelagic seabirds spend the majority of their time out of sight of land, often ranging over vast distances, through a marine environment that humans are ill-adapted to. In order to learn about the these species, we must also therefore seek to learn about the oceans and the wider forces that shape them.
  2. Understanding more about seabirds can be revealing about their many ecological analogues. For example, by understanding why so many seabirds breed in large colonies, we can gain insights into the ecology and sociobiology of other colonial central-place foragers – a group that includes not only swallows, bats and ants but also us.
  3. Seabirds, have obvious intrinsic worth yet they are currently impacted more than most animal groups by the negative effects of humans activities. There is an urgent need to map and understand their distributions so that areas where they are most at risk from bycatch, pollution and other unnecessary by-products of human expansion, can be protected.

Currently, I am particularly interested in:

  • Oceanographic and meteorological drivers of seabird distribution, including the effects of wind on transport costs, and of fronts and eddies on food availability.
  • Competition as a driver of seabird distributions and the emergence of group-level behaviours.
  • Social learning and other forms of information transfer among seabirds.
  • Nutrient transport and recycling by seabirds.
  • Modelling tracking and at-sea survey data and to identify Marine Protected Areas.
  • Estimating the size and distribution of pre-anthropocene seabird populations in order to set meaningful conservation goals.
  • Combining sparse survey data and satellite imagery through habitat modelling to estimate seabird colony sizes.

Other interests

I am also interested in many other aspects of ecology and natural history and especially in the ethics and practice of conservation, habitat restoration and rewilding. For example, my collaborators and I have recently established a study of extant and extinct canids in the Falkland Islands (Dusicyon australis and Lycalopex griseus respectively). This involves not only basic research on diet, distribution and impacts of feral canids in the archipelago but also addresses broader themes, including the ethical dilemmas posed by introduced species and the role of ecological replacement in conservation.

Seabirds and wind - the consequences of extreme prey taxis in a changing climate

This five year NERC Independent Research Fellowship currently takes up most of my time. It is a wide-reaching project with the overarching aim of predicting how changes to the wind and oceanographic climate of the Atlantic will affect the movements and aggregations of shearwaters and petrels. Collaborators include Prof Jason Matthiopoulos (University of Glasgow), Dr Paulo Catry (MARE-ISPA), Prof. Paul Thompson (University of Aberdeen) and Prof. Eric Achterberg (GEOMAR).

The project’s core objectives are:

1. To quantify the effects of habitat availability, productivity and movement costs on the meso to macro-scale distribution of great shearwaters, sooty shearwaters, Cory’s shearwaters and northern fulmars - all species that rely on the wind to make long-distance foraging and migratory movements.

2. To quantify the combined effects of habitat availability, productivity, movement costs and fisheries on seabird demographics.

3. To determine whether seabirds mediate nutrient recycling and transport within oceanic ecosystems.

4. To predict how climate change will affect the future distributions, demographics and ecosystem functions of seabirds.

The project focusses on a seabird diversity hotpot in vicinity of the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone and sub-polar front in the Northwest Atlantic, where the four species cooccur in the boreal summer. In June, 2017 I led a research cruise aboard the RRS Discovery (DY080 https://noc.ac.uk/science/previous-expeditions to survey and sample seabirds in this area (you can hear podcasts about the cruise here https://naturallyspeaking.blog/2018/10/08/podcast-series-the-rrs-discovery-episode-1/. Participants in he cruise included BirdLife International, who are currently working with OSPAR on a proposal to designate the area as a high seas Marine Protected Area. You can learn more about BirLife’s participation in the cruise here https://www.birdlife.org/europe-and-central-asia/projects/seabirds-and-marine/journey-to-the-mid-atlantic-ridge and about the proposed North Atlantic Current and Evlanov Seamount MPA here https://www.ospar.org/work-areas/bdc/marine-protected-areas/ospar-seeks-views-on-the-nomination-proforma-for-the-north-atlantic-current-and-evlanov-seamount-mpa.


Grants

Grants and Awards listed are those received whilst working with the University of Glasgow.

  • Falkland Islands sooty shearwaters fieldwork
    Seabird Group
    2017 - 2018
     
  • The population size and fine-scale foraging distribution of Falkland Islands sooty shearwaters: a baseline study
    Falkland Island Government
    2016 - 2017
     
  • Seabirds and wind - the consequences of extreme prey taxis in a changing climate
    Natural Environment Research Council
    2016 - 2021
     

Publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2019 | 2018 | 2017 | 2015 | 2014 | 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 | 2009
Number of items: 26.

2019

Grecian, J. et al. (2019) Individual spatial consistency and dietary flexibility in the migratory behaviour of northern gannets wintering in the Northeast Atlantic. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, (doi:10.3389/fevo.2019.00214) (Accepted for Publication)

Clark, T. J., Matthiopoulos, J. , Bonnet-Lebrun, A.-S., Campioni, L., Catry, P., Marengo, I., Poncet, S. and Wakefield, E. (2019) Integrating habitat and partial survey data to estimate the regional population of a globally declining seabird species, the sooty shearwater. Global Ecology and Conservation, 17, e00554. (doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00554)

2018

Bodey, T. W., Cleasby, I. R., Votier, S. C., Hamer, K. C., Newton, J. , Patrick, S. C., Wakefield, E. D. and Bearhop, S. (2018) Frequency and consequences of individual dietary specialisation in a wide-ranging marine predator, the northern gannet. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 604, pp. 251-262. (doi:10.3354/meps12729)

Wakefield, E. (2018) Transatlantic Surveys of Seabirds, Cetaceans and Turtles, July 2013 and July 2018. Project Report. University of Glasgow. (Unpublished)

Clark, T. J., Bonnet-Lebrun, A.-S., Campioni, L., Catry, P. and Wakefield, E. (2018) The depth of Sooty Shearwater Ardenna grisea burrows varies with habitat and increases with competition for space. IBIS, (doi:10.1111/ibi.12631) (Early Online Publication)

Richardson, P. L., Wakefield, E. D. and Phillips, R. A. (2018) Flight speed and performance of the wandering albatross with respect to wind. Movement Ecology, 6, 3. (doi:10.1186/s40462-018-0121-9) (PMID:29556395)

Bennison, A., Bearhop, S., Bodey, T. W., Votier, S. C., Grecian, J., Wakefield, E. D. , Hamer, K. C. and Jessopp, M. (2018) Search and foraging behaviors from movement data: a comparison of methods. Ecology and Evolution, 8(1), pp. 13-24. (doi:10.1002/ece3.3593)

Wakefield, E.D. (2018) RRS Discovery Cruise DY080, 06 June – 02 July 2017, Southampton to St Johns, Distribution and Ecology of Seabirds in the Sub-Polar Frontal Zone of the Northwest Atlantic. Project Report. British Oceanographic Data Centre.

2017

Wakefield, E. D. et al. (2017) Breeding density, fine-scale tracking and large-scale modeling reveal the regional distribution of four seabird species. Ecological Applications, 27(7), pp. 2074-2091. (doi:10.1002/eap.1591) (PMID:28653410)

Votier, S. C. et al. (2017) Effects of age and reproductive status on individual foraging site fidelity in a long-lived marine predator. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 284(1859), 20171068. (doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.1068) (PMID:28747480) (PMCID:PMC5543227)

Banks, S., Acuña, D., Calderón, R., Delgado, J., Edgar, G., Garske-García, L., Keith, I., Kuhn, A., Pépolas, R., Ruiz, D., Suárez, J., Tirado-Sánchez, N., Vera, M., Vinueza, L. and Wakefield, E. (2017) Manual de monitoreo submareal. Conservación Internacional Ecuador y Fundación Charles Darwin: Quito, Ecuador.

2015

Cleasby, I. R., Wakefield, E. , Bearhop, S., Bodey, T., Votier, S. C., Hamer, K. C. and Österblom, H. (2015) Three-dimensional tracking of a wide-ranging marine predator: flight heights and vulnerability to offshore wind farms. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52(6), pp. 1474-1482. (doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12529)

Wakefield, E. , Cleasby, I., Bearhop, S., Bodey, T., Davies, R., Miller, P., Newton, J. , Votier, S. and Hamer, K. (2015) Long-term individual foraging site fidelity—why some gannets don't change their spots. Ecology, 96(11), pp. 3058-3074. (doi:10.1890/14-1300.1)

Cleasby, I. R., Wakefield, E. D. , Bodey, T. W., Davies, R. D., Patrick, S. C., Newton, J. , Votier, S. C., Bearhop, S. and Hamer, K. C. (2015) Sexual segregation in a wide-ranging marine predator is a consequence of habitat selection. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 518, pp. 1-12. (doi:10.3354/meps11112)

2014

Bodey, T. W., Jessopp, M. J., Votier, S. C., Gerritsen, H. D., Cleasby, I. R., Hamer, K. C., Patrick, S. C., Wakefield, E. D. and Bearhop, S. (2014) Seabird movement reveals the ecological footprint of fishing vessels. Current Biology, 24(11), R514-R515. (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.04.041)

Wakefield, E. D. , Phillips, R. A. and Matthiopoulos, J. (2014) Habitat-mediated population limitation in a colonial central-place forager: the sky is not the limit for the black-browed albatross. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 281(1778), p. 20132883. (doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.2883)

2013

Edwards, E. W.J., Quinn, L. R., Wakefield, E. D. , Miller, P. I. and Thompson, P. M. (2013) Tracking a northern fulmar from a Scottish nesting site to the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone: evidence of linkage between coastal breeding seabirds and Mid-Atlantic Ridge feeding sites. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 98(B), pp. 438-444. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.04.011)

Patrick, S. C., Bearhop, S., Grémillet, D., Lescroël, A., Grecian, W. J., Bodey, T. W., Hamer, K. C., Wakefield, E. , Le Nuz, M. and Votier, S. C. (2013) Individual differences in searching behaviour and spatial foraging consistency in a central place marine predator. Oikos, 123(1), pp. 33-40. (doi:10.1111/j.1600-0706.2013.00406.x)

Wakefield, E.D. et al. (2013) Space partitioning without territoriality in gannets. Science, 341(6141), pp. 68-70. (doi:10.1126/science.1236077)

2012

Wakefield, E. D. , Phillips, R. A. and Belchier, M. (2012) Foraging black-browed albatrosses target waters overlaying moraine banks - a consequence of upward benthic-pelagic coupling? Antarctic Science, 24(03), pp. 269-280. (doi:10.1017/S0954102012000132)

2011

Mackley, E. K., Phillips, R. A., Silk, J. R. D., Wakefield, E. D. , Afanasyev, V. and Furness, R. W. (2011) At-sea activity patterns of breeding and nonbreeding white-chinned petrels Procellaria aequinoctialis from South Georgia. Marine Biology, 158(2), pp. 429-438. (doi:10.1007/s00227-010-1570-x)

Wakefield, E. D. , Phillips, R. A., Trathan, P. N., Arata, J., Gales, R., Huin, N., Robertson, G., Waugh, S. M., Weimerskirch, H. and Matthiopoulos, J. (2011) Habitat preference, accessibility, and competition limit the global distribution of breeding Black-browed albatrosses. Ecological Monographs, 81(1), pp. 141-167. (doi:10.1890/09-0763.1)

2010

Mackley, E. K., Phillips, R. A., Silk, J. R.D., Wakefield, E. D. , Afanasyev, V., Fox, J. W. and Furness, R. W. (2010) Free as a bird? Activity patterns of albatrosses during the nonbreeding period. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 406, pp. 291-303. (doi:10.3354/meps08532)

2009

Wakefield, E. D. , Phillips, R. A., Matthiopoulos, J. , Fukuda, A., Higuchi, H., Marshall, G. J. and Trathan, P. N. (2009) Wind field and sex constrain the flight speeds of central-place foraging albatrosses. Ecological Monographs, 79(4), pp. 663-679. (doi:10.1890/07-2111.1)

Wakefield, E. D. , Phillips, R. A. and Matthiopoulos, J. (2009) Quantifying habitat use and preferences of pelagic seabirds using individual movement data: a review. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 391, pp. 165-182. (doi:10.3354/meps08203)

Phillips, R. A., Wakefield, E. D. , Croxall, J. P., Fukuda, A. and Higuchi, H. (2009) Albatross foraging behaviour: no evidence for dual foraging, and limited support for anticipatory regulation of provisioning at South Georgia. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 391, pp. 279-292. (doi:10.3354/meps08028)

This list was generated on Thu Jul 18 12:07:16 2019 BST.
Number of items: 26.

Articles

Grecian, J. et al. (2019) Individual spatial consistency and dietary flexibility in the migratory behaviour of northern gannets wintering in the Northeast Atlantic. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, (doi:10.3389/fevo.2019.00214) (Accepted for Publication)

Clark, T. J., Matthiopoulos, J. , Bonnet-Lebrun, A.-S., Campioni, L., Catry, P., Marengo, I., Poncet, S. and Wakefield, E. (2019) Integrating habitat and partial survey data to estimate the regional population of a globally declining seabird species, the sooty shearwater. Global Ecology and Conservation, 17, e00554. (doi:10.1016/j.gecco.2019.e00554)

Bodey, T. W., Cleasby, I. R., Votier, S. C., Hamer, K. C., Newton, J. , Patrick, S. C., Wakefield, E. D. and Bearhop, S. (2018) Frequency and consequences of individual dietary specialisation in a wide-ranging marine predator, the northern gannet. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 604, pp. 251-262. (doi:10.3354/meps12729)

Clark, T. J., Bonnet-Lebrun, A.-S., Campioni, L., Catry, P. and Wakefield, E. (2018) The depth of Sooty Shearwater Ardenna grisea burrows varies with habitat and increases with competition for space. IBIS, (doi:10.1111/ibi.12631) (Early Online Publication)

Richardson, P. L., Wakefield, E. D. and Phillips, R. A. (2018) Flight speed and performance of the wandering albatross with respect to wind. Movement Ecology, 6, 3. (doi:10.1186/s40462-018-0121-9) (PMID:29556395)

Bennison, A., Bearhop, S., Bodey, T. W., Votier, S. C., Grecian, J., Wakefield, E. D. , Hamer, K. C. and Jessopp, M. (2018) Search and foraging behaviors from movement data: a comparison of methods. Ecology and Evolution, 8(1), pp. 13-24. (doi:10.1002/ece3.3593)

Wakefield, E. D. et al. (2017) Breeding density, fine-scale tracking and large-scale modeling reveal the regional distribution of four seabird species. Ecological Applications, 27(7), pp. 2074-2091. (doi:10.1002/eap.1591) (PMID:28653410)

Votier, S. C. et al. (2017) Effects of age and reproductive status on individual foraging site fidelity in a long-lived marine predator. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 284(1859), 20171068. (doi:10.1098/rspb.2017.1068) (PMID:28747480) (PMCID:PMC5543227)

Cleasby, I. R., Wakefield, E. , Bearhop, S., Bodey, T., Votier, S. C., Hamer, K. C. and Österblom, H. (2015) Three-dimensional tracking of a wide-ranging marine predator: flight heights and vulnerability to offshore wind farms. Journal of Applied Ecology, 52(6), pp. 1474-1482. (doi:10.1111/1365-2664.12529)

Wakefield, E. , Cleasby, I., Bearhop, S., Bodey, T., Davies, R., Miller, P., Newton, J. , Votier, S. and Hamer, K. (2015) Long-term individual foraging site fidelity—why some gannets don't change their spots. Ecology, 96(11), pp. 3058-3074. (doi:10.1890/14-1300.1)

Cleasby, I. R., Wakefield, E. D. , Bodey, T. W., Davies, R. D., Patrick, S. C., Newton, J. , Votier, S. C., Bearhop, S. and Hamer, K. C. (2015) Sexual segregation in a wide-ranging marine predator is a consequence of habitat selection. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 518, pp. 1-12. (doi:10.3354/meps11112)

Bodey, T. W., Jessopp, M. J., Votier, S. C., Gerritsen, H. D., Cleasby, I. R., Hamer, K. C., Patrick, S. C., Wakefield, E. D. and Bearhop, S. (2014) Seabird movement reveals the ecological footprint of fishing vessels. Current Biology, 24(11), R514-R515. (doi:10.1016/j.cub.2014.04.041)

Wakefield, E. D. , Phillips, R. A. and Matthiopoulos, J. (2014) Habitat-mediated population limitation in a colonial central-place forager: the sky is not the limit for the black-browed albatross. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences, 281(1778), p. 20132883. (doi:10.1098/rspb.2013.2883)

Edwards, E. W.J., Quinn, L. R., Wakefield, E. D. , Miller, P. I. and Thompson, P. M. (2013) Tracking a northern fulmar from a Scottish nesting site to the Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone: evidence of linkage between coastal breeding seabirds and Mid-Atlantic Ridge feeding sites. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 98(B), pp. 438-444. (doi:10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.04.011)

Patrick, S. C., Bearhop, S., Grémillet, D., Lescroël, A., Grecian, W. J., Bodey, T. W., Hamer, K. C., Wakefield, E. , Le Nuz, M. and Votier, S. C. (2013) Individual differences in searching behaviour and spatial foraging consistency in a central place marine predator. Oikos, 123(1), pp. 33-40. (doi:10.1111/j.1600-0706.2013.00406.x)

Wakefield, E.D. et al. (2013) Space partitioning without territoriality in gannets. Science, 341(6141), pp. 68-70. (doi:10.1126/science.1236077)

Wakefield, E. D. , Phillips, R. A. and Belchier, M. (2012) Foraging black-browed albatrosses target waters overlaying moraine banks - a consequence of upward benthic-pelagic coupling? Antarctic Science, 24(03), pp. 269-280. (doi:10.1017/S0954102012000132)

Mackley, E. K., Phillips, R. A., Silk, J. R. D., Wakefield, E. D. , Afanasyev, V. and Furness, R. W. (2011) At-sea activity patterns of breeding and nonbreeding white-chinned petrels Procellaria aequinoctialis from South Georgia. Marine Biology, 158(2), pp. 429-438. (doi:10.1007/s00227-010-1570-x)

Wakefield, E. D. , Phillips, R. A., Trathan, P. N., Arata, J., Gales, R., Huin, N., Robertson, G., Waugh, S. M., Weimerskirch, H. and Matthiopoulos, J. (2011) Habitat preference, accessibility, and competition limit the global distribution of breeding Black-browed albatrosses. Ecological Monographs, 81(1), pp. 141-167. (doi:10.1890/09-0763.1)

Mackley, E. K., Phillips, R. A., Silk, J. R.D., Wakefield, E. D. , Afanasyev, V., Fox, J. W. and Furness, R. W. (2010) Free as a bird? Activity patterns of albatrosses during the nonbreeding period. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 406, pp. 291-303. (doi:10.3354/meps08532)

Wakefield, E. D. , Phillips, R. A., Matthiopoulos, J. , Fukuda, A., Higuchi, H., Marshall, G. J. and Trathan, P. N. (2009) Wind field and sex constrain the flight speeds of central-place foraging albatrosses. Ecological Monographs, 79(4), pp. 663-679. (doi:10.1890/07-2111.1)

Wakefield, E. D. , Phillips, R. A. and Matthiopoulos, J. (2009) Quantifying habitat use and preferences of pelagic seabirds using individual movement data: a review. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 391, pp. 165-182. (doi:10.3354/meps08203)

Phillips, R. A., Wakefield, E. D. , Croxall, J. P., Fukuda, A. and Higuchi, H. (2009) Albatross foraging behaviour: no evidence for dual foraging, and limited support for anticipatory regulation of provisioning at South Georgia. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 391, pp. 279-292. (doi:10.3354/meps08028)

Books

Banks, S., Acuña, D., Calderón, R., Delgado, J., Edgar, G., Garske-García, L., Keith, I., Kuhn, A., Pépolas, R., Ruiz, D., Suárez, J., Tirado-Sánchez, N., Vera, M., Vinueza, L. and Wakefield, E. (2017) Manual de monitoreo submareal. Conservación Internacional Ecuador y Fundación Charles Darwin: Quito, Ecuador.

Research Reports or Papers

Wakefield, E. (2018) Transatlantic Surveys of Seabirds, Cetaceans and Turtles, July 2013 and July 2018. Project Report. University of Glasgow. (Unpublished)

Wakefield, E.D. (2018) RRS Discovery Cruise DY080, 06 June – 02 July 2017, Southampton to St Johns, Distribution and Ecology of Seabirds in the Sub-Polar Frontal Zone of the Northwest Atlantic. Project Report. British Oceanographic Data Centre.

This list was generated on Thu Jul 18 12:07:16 2019 BST.