Margarita Mulero Pazmany

  • Lecturer in UAVs applications in natural sciences - Liverpool John Moores University

Research interests

As a scientist I am mainly interested in conservation biology and I have specialized on the use and development of new technologies -the so-called Conservation Technology- for addressing conservation and ecology related topics. I focus my research on better understanding how human activities (e.g. tourism) and infrastructures (e.g. roads and power lines) affect wildlife and to develop the most effective tools to optimize management strategies. I use innovative approaches in multidisciplinary teams where I use technologies, mainly drones (Unmanned Aircraft Systems), static sensors and also Internet of Things (IoT) for conservation, especially in protected areas. Drones can provide high-resolution spatio-temporal information on animals' locations and habitat characteristics at ecologically relevant scales. From a conservationist perspective, I have developed techniques where drones reduce time, costs and disturbance (e.g. endangered species protection such as rhinoceros, power lines impact assessment). From an ecological approach I have used drones to analyze the distribution and aggregation of wildlife, which has large application in spatial ecology and epidemiology and helps developing management strategies. I am also particularly involved on assessing and reducing the impact of this technology on wildlife, providing guidelines for its use in different scenarios. I am also involved in the “smart” integration of mobile sensors (drones) and static ones (e.g. camera traps) in IoT systems, which contributes to environmental monitoring and management (e.g. for pollution events). I also work on non-technological projects, mainly directed to sustainable tourism and road ecology research.

I use both analytical and modeling approaches and work on a variety of animal species, mainly birds and mammals in Mediterranean and savannah ecosystems. I have conducted my research in worldwide leading centres notably contributing with highly cited papers (total: 719, h-index 13; Google Scholar) in Q1/Q2 journals (e.g. Ecological indicators, Ecology and evolution, PlosOne, International Journal of Remote Sensing, J. of Zoology), books and book chapters, a patent, numerous international projects, communications in congresses (41) and receiving attention by media coverage (e.g. National Geographic), protected areas’ managers and policy-makers.