Dr Tony Krus

  • Research Associate (Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre)

telephone: (0)1355 270169
email: Tony.Krus@glasgow.ac.uk

Research interests

Overview

I am an archaeologist at the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre (SUERC) that specializes in the provision of commercial and research-oriented Bayesian modelling of radiocarbon and other chronological data for archaeological and geoscience projects. I am interested in all aspects of scientific dating (especially radiocarbon) in archaeology and the geosciences.

My primary role at SUERC has been the analysis of scientific dating results using Bayesian statistical tools and the production of robust chronological models for both individual sites and regions. I have provided Bayesian chronological modelling for a wide range of archaeological sites in Europe and North America. This relatively new method can allow for archaeological sites to be discussed at the temporal level of human generations and is revolutionizing archaeology by providing clarity to the ancient past, in some cases comparable to the written record. In many parts of the world, this method is allowing for new and more complex questions about chronology and temporality to be addressed.

For further information, please see below or follow me on Academia.edu or ResearchGate.

Do not hesitate to contact me for enquiries regarding commercial Bayesian modelling or about collaborative research.

PhD Thesis

My doctoral thesis presents a diachronic analysis of Mississippi period (AD 1000–1700) fortifications in the U.S. Midwest and Southeast to test hypotheses about the spread of militarization. This study presents one of the first regional Bayesian modelling chronologies for the Americas and shows an exponential increase in fortifications in the AD 1200s; reflective of increased resource competition at the end of the Medieval Warm Period. Additionally, modelling results indicate that the investigated settlements continued to maintain fortifications for generations after their construction.

The results of my PhD thesis are summarized in a 2016 American Antiquity article.

Event Organization

I have helped organized many outreach events, including an international workshop on Bayesian Chronological Modelling at the 2014 Society for American Archaeology meeting, seminars at private archaeology companies, sessions at international archaeology meetings, and the the 8th International Symposium on 14C & Archaeology.

Other research interests

  • Computational modelling in archaeology and the geosciences
  • Radiocarbon reservoir effects and corrections
  • European archaeology, especially Scotland and the Bronze Age (2500–800 BC)
  • North American archaeology, especially the Mississippi period (AD 1000–1700)

For more information, see my personal pages on Academia.edu or ResearchGate.

Current Work

I am currently working on the following projects:

  • Estimating ancient Marine Radiocarbon Reservoir Effects to develop better Arctic settlement histories (University of Alaska & University of Glasgow/Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland) ­– I am the lead PI on this pilot project that examines stable isotope measurements of archaeological samples from the Alaskan Arctic to estimate radiocarbon offsets from ancient Marine Reservoir Effects and better identify the timing of archaeological activity in Point Barrow, Alaska. This project is funded by a Research Incentive Grant from the Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland (£6,415).
  • Orkney: 'Beside the Ocean of Time' (Brunel University London, Falmouth University, University of Cambridge, University College London & University of Glasgow/Arts and Humanities Research Council) – This project aims to generate new understandings of the interrelationship between human community, deep time, and landscape change in Orkney, Scotland. This project is funded by a Research Grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (£63,830). I am a Co-I on the project and manage the archaeology and scientific chronology components. Details of the project can be found on the project's webpage (www.oceanoftime.uk). A database of legacy radiocarbon measurements from Orkney produced as part of the project can be downloaded here (Orkney14CLegacy-v1-1). Follow the project on Twitter: @OrkneyDeepTime
  • Sensations of Roman Life: Reconstructing and Experiencing a Multi-Sensory Virtual Reality Environment (University of Glasgow, University of Reading, & University of London/ Arts and Humanities Research Council) – This project involves the development of new approaches to the study of ancient domestic Roman environments, focusing on the Roman town in Silchester in England and the creation of a virtual reality exhibit exhibit for the Chedworth Roman Villa Museum. The project is funded by a Research Grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Council (£63,790). I am a Co-I on the project and manage the production of GIS maps of sensations that were experienced within Roman Silchester. Details of the project on Gateway to Research. Follow the project on Twitter: @SenseRomanLife
  • SUERC’s Bayesian modelling of archaeological sites –As part of my duties at SUERC, I have produced Bayesian models for a wide range of archaeological sites in North America and Europe. Feel free to contact myself or Derek Hamilton (email) if you are interested in collaborations involving Bayesian modelling at SUERC.
  • Guest-edited special issue of Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology on Angel Mounds, by myself with Dru Evan McGill of North Carolina State University and G. William Monaghan of Indiana University (papers by Timothy E. Baumann, Erika R. Elswick, Tammie L. Gerke, Edward Herrmann, Frederika A. Kaestle, Anthony Krus, Charla Marshall, Joel Michael Marshall, Dru Evan McGill, G. William Monaghan, Christopher S. Peebles, Eleanora A. Reber, and Timothy Schilling now available online).

Grants

Estimating ancient Marine Radiocarbon Reservoir Effects to develop better Arctic settlement histories. A. M. Krus and W. D. Hamilton (Research Incentive Grant, Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland). £6,415. 2016–2017.

Orkney: 'Beside the Ocean of Time'. N. H. Downing, R. D. Irvine, L. Lopez-Merino, C. J. Fearnley, and A. M. Krus. (Research Grant, Arts and Humanities Research Council, AH/N007182/1). £63,830. 2016–2017.

Sensations of Roman Life: Reconstructing and Experiencing a Multi-Sensory Virtual Reality Environment. I. J. Ewart, H. Platts, and A. M. Krus. (Research Grant, Arts and Humanities Research Council, AH/N00714X/1). £63,790. 2016–2017.

Future Faculty Teaching Fellowship. Department of Anthropology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis. $18,000 (Tuition fees and stipend). 2012-2013. Instructor of record for Prehistory of North America (Spring 2013) and Human Origins and Prehistory (Fall 2012, Spring 2013)

Mathers Museum of World Cultures’ Conference Travel Award. $350. 2012.

14C AMS Dates on Aztalan's Palisade. A M Krus (Research Award, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources). $1,800. 2011-2012.

Chronology and comparison of Mississippian-era palisades with bastions in the lower Ohio River Valley and Green River Valley. A M Krus (Skomp Research Award, Indiana University). $1,880. 2011-2012.

Associate Instructorship. Department of Anthropology, Indiana University. $16,100 (Tuition fees and stipend). 2011-2012. Associate Instructor for How to Think Like a Scientist (Spring 2012) and Human Origins (Fall 2011).

The context of the Angel Site’s (12-VG-1) fortification system. A M Krus (Skomp Research Award, Indiana University). $2,620. 2010-2011.

Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology Fellowship. Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, Indiana University. $83,400 (Tuition fees and stipend). 2009-2011.


Supervision

Do not hesitate to contact me for enquiries about service on undergraduate and post-graduate committees.


Teaching

Do not hesitate to contact me for enquiries regarding guest seminars (in person or via Skype).

I have previously been an Instructor of Record or Associate Instructor for the following courses at Indiana University and Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis:

  • Prehistory of North America (Spring 2013), Instructor of Record, Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis
  • Human Origins and Prehistory (Fall 2012, Spring 2013), Instructor of Record, Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis
  • How to Think Like a Scientist (Spring 2012), Associate Instructor, Indiana University
  • Human Origins (Fall 2011), Associate Instructor, Indiana University

Additional information

Education

  • Ph.D. Anthropology – Indiana University 2011-2013
  • M.A. Anthropology – Indiana University 2008-2011
  • B.A. Anthropology – Hampshire College 2004-2008

Professional Appointments                                                                                                    

  • Research Associate, Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre, The University of Glasgow and The University of Edinburgh, 2015-present
  • Research Assistant, Scottish Universities Environmental Research Centre, The University of Glasgow and The University of Edinburgh, 2013-2015
  • Future Faculty Teaching Fellow, Department of Anthropology, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, 2012-2013
  • Associate Instructor, Department of Anthropology, Indiana University, 2011-2012
  • Research Fellow, Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, Indiana University, 2009-2011

Public Engagement and Outreach

I am enthusiastic about involvement in outreach activities dealing with my archaeological or methodological areas of expertise.

Likewise, over the years it has become very apparent to me the importance of meeting with collaborators to discuss radiocarbon dating and Bayesian modelling, so that they know what is involved. In doing this, I often provide seminars to dispel myths and clarify some of the underlying statistical functions.

Recent Outreach Activities

When

What

Where

12–13 August 2017 Archaeology Zone Volunteer forAmazing Ages at Fort George Fort George, Scotland
29 April 2017 Organizing Committee Member for the Multi-Sensory Archaeology Extravaganza University of Reading

21–23 April 2017

Presenter and Organizing Committee Member for the Festival of Deep Time

Pier Arts Centre, Stromness, Scotland

7 February 2017  

Invited Seminar titled: “Analysing archived material to unravel wheelhouse chronologies in the Western Isles, Scotland” (with lead author Lisa Brown and co-author Martin Goldberg)

First Millennia Studies Group, University of Edinburgh

2 November 2016

Guest Speaker for Ball State University’s Anthropology Colloquium

Ball State University, Indiana, USA

2 November 2016

Guest Instructor for ANTH 334/534: Midwestern Archaeology 

Ball State University, Indiana, USA

28 October 2016

Instructor (with Derek Hamilton) for the one-day SEAC Bayesian Chronological Modeling Workshop

Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Athens, Georgia, USA

19 October 2016

Invited Seminar titled: “Revolutionary Chronologies: Recreating Ancient Histories with the Bayesian Approach”

Archaeology Research Seminar Series, University of Glasgow

22 March 2016

Seminar on Bayesian modelling

Archaeology South-East, University College London

15 July 2015

Workshop on radiocarbon dating for the Cromarty Medieval Burgh Community Archaeology Project

Cromarty, Scotland

20-21 May 2015

Delegate for the Arts & Humanities Research Council’s Early Career Researcher Workshop on The Lived Environment

The Royal Society, London, England

27 November 2014

Seminar on Bayesian modelling

CFA Archaeology Ltd, Musselburgh, Scotland

26 November 2014

Seminar on Bayesian modelling

AOC Archaeology Group, Loanhead, Scotland

21 November 2014

Seminar on Bayesian modelling

Oxford Archaeology North, Lancaster, England

20 November 2014

Seminar on Bayesian modelling

Cotswold Archaeology, Cirencester, England

19 November 2014

Seminar on Bayesian modelling

Pre-Construct Archaeology Limited, London, England

12 November 2014

Seminar on Bayesian modelling (with Prof Gordon Cook)

Headland Archaeology, Edinburgh

6 November 2014

Invited Public Talk titled: “New Models for the Chronology of Scotland’s Roundhouses.”

Building (Ancient) Lives: Colloquium 2014, University of Edinburgh

22 June 2014

Invited Public Talk titled: “A Chronology of Warfare in the Late Prehistoric Midwest.”

Missouri History Museum, St. Louis, Missouri, USA

12 June 2014

Public Talk titled: “Bayesian chronological models for North American fortifications with bastions”

SUERC, East Kilbride, Scotland

29 May 2014

Presenter at the Radiocarbon Workshop for the Iron Age Research Student Symposium

SUERC, East Kilbride, Scotland

26 April 2014

Co-Instructor (with Derek Hamilton) for a one-day workshop titled: “Archaeological Applications of Bayesian Chronological Modeling”

Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology, Austin, Texas

 


Publications

List by: Type | Date

Jump to: 2017 | 2016 | 2015 | 2013 | 2011 | 2010
Number of items: 19.

2017

Krus, A. M. and Cobb, C. R. (2017) The Mississippian fin de siècle in the middle Cumberland region of Tennessee. American Antiquity, (Accepted for Publication)

Hamilton, W. D. and Krus, A. M. (2017) The myths and realities of Bayesian chronological modeling revealed. American Antiquity, (doi:10.1017/aaq.2017.57) (Early Online Publication)

Thompson, V. D. and Krus, A. M. (2017) Contemplating the history and future of radiocarbon dating in the American Southeast. Southeastern Archaeology, (doi:10.1080/0734578X.2017.1364600) (Early Online Publication)

2016

Krus, A. and Peteranna, M. (2016) Bayesian modeling of an early bronze age cemetery at Armadale, Isle of Skye, Scotland. Radiocarbon, 58(3), pp. 693-708. (doi:10.1017/RDC.2016.21)

Krus, A. M. (2016) Timing of precolumbian militarization in the U.S. Midwest and Southeast. American Antiquity, 81(2), pp. 375-388. (doi:10.7183/0002-7316.81.2.375)

Krus, A. , Jensen, A. M., Hamilton, W. D. and Sayle, K. (2016) Research in progress: Assessing marine radiocarbon reservoir effect variation in greater Utqiaġvik, Alaska. Alaska Journal of Anthropology, 14(1&2), p. 107.

2015

Cobb, C., Krus, A.M. and Steadman, D.W. (2015) Bayesian modeling of the occupation span of the Averbuch site in the Middle Cumberland Drainage, Tennessee. Southeastern Archaeology, 34(1), pp. 46-56. (doi:10.1179/2168472314Y.0000000005)

Krus, A.M., Cook, R. and Hamilton, W.D. (2015) Bayesian chronological modeling of SunWatch, a fort ancient village in Dayton, Ohio. Radiocarbon, 57(2), (doi:10.2458/azu_rc.57.18179)

2013

Krus, A., McGill, D. and Monaghan, G. (2013) Special Issue: The Angel Mounds Issue [editors]. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 38(2),

Krus, A. M., McGill, D. E. and Monaghan, G. W. (2013) Introduction to the Angel Mounds issue. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 38(2), pp. 149-153. (doi:10.1179/mca.2013.004)

Krus, A. M., Schilling, T. and Monaghan, G. W. (2013) The timing of Angel Mounds palisade construction a search for the best chronological model. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 38(2), pp. 171-182. (doi:10.1179/mca.2013.006)

Marshall, J. M. and Krus, A. M. (2013) Estimation of WPA artifact collection bias in the East Village at Angel Mounds. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 38(2), pp. 183-188. (doi:10.1179/mca.2013.007)

Monaghan, G. W., Schilling, T., Krus, A. M. and Peebles, C. S. (2013) Mound construction chronology at Angel Mounds episodic mound construction and ceremonial events. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 38(2), pp. 155-170. (doi:10.1179/mca.2013.005)

2011

Baumann, T. E., Monaghan, G. W., Peebles, C., Marshall, C., Krus, A. and Marshall, J. (2011) The legacy of Lilly, Black, and the WPA at Angel Mounds near Evansville, Indiana. SAA Archaeological Record, 11(5), pp. 34-38.

Krus, A. (2011) Review of: Cultural Resource Archaeology. Southeastern Archaeology, 30(1), pp. 191-192. [Book Review]

Krus, A. M. (2011) Bridging history and prehistory: the possible antiquity of a Native American ballgame. Native South, 4, pp. 136-145. (doi:10.1353/nso.2011.0004)

Krus, A. M. (2011) Refortifying Cahokia, more efficient palisade construction through redesigned bastions. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 36(2), pp. 227-244. (doi:10.1179/mca.2011.011)

Peebles, C., Monaghan, G.W., Baumann, T. and Krus, A.M. (2011) Excavations at the Angel Site, 12 VG 1: 2005-2010. Project Report. Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, Bloomington, IN.

2010

Krus, A. (2010) Review of: Mapping the Mississippian Shatter Zone: The Colonial Indian Slave Trade and Regional Instability in the American South. American Antiquity, 75(3), pp. 701-702. [Book Review]

This list was generated on Tue Dec 12 12:35:26 2017 GMT.
Number of items: 19.

Articles

Krus, A. M. and Cobb, C. R. (2017) The Mississippian fin de siècle in the middle Cumberland region of Tennessee. American Antiquity, (Accepted for Publication)

Hamilton, W. D. and Krus, A. M. (2017) The myths and realities of Bayesian chronological modeling revealed. American Antiquity, (doi:10.1017/aaq.2017.57) (Early Online Publication)

Thompson, V. D. and Krus, A. M. (2017) Contemplating the history and future of radiocarbon dating in the American Southeast. Southeastern Archaeology, (doi:10.1080/0734578X.2017.1364600) (Early Online Publication)

Krus, A. and Peteranna, M. (2016) Bayesian modeling of an early bronze age cemetery at Armadale, Isle of Skye, Scotland. Radiocarbon, 58(3), pp. 693-708. (doi:10.1017/RDC.2016.21)

Krus, A. M. (2016) Timing of precolumbian militarization in the U.S. Midwest and Southeast. American Antiquity, 81(2), pp. 375-388. (doi:10.7183/0002-7316.81.2.375)

Krus, A. , Jensen, A. M., Hamilton, W. D. and Sayle, K. (2016) Research in progress: Assessing marine radiocarbon reservoir effect variation in greater Utqiaġvik, Alaska. Alaska Journal of Anthropology, 14(1&2), p. 107.

Cobb, C., Krus, A.M. and Steadman, D.W. (2015) Bayesian modeling of the occupation span of the Averbuch site in the Middle Cumberland Drainage, Tennessee. Southeastern Archaeology, 34(1), pp. 46-56. (doi:10.1179/2168472314Y.0000000005)

Krus, A.M., Cook, R. and Hamilton, W.D. (2015) Bayesian chronological modeling of SunWatch, a fort ancient village in Dayton, Ohio. Radiocarbon, 57(2), (doi:10.2458/azu_rc.57.18179)

Krus, A., McGill, D. and Monaghan, G. (2013) Special Issue: The Angel Mounds Issue [editors]. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 38(2),

Krus, A. M., McGill, D. E. and Monaghan, G. W. (2013) Introduction to the Angel Mounds issue. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 38(2), pp. 149-153. (doi:10.1179/mca.2013.004)

Krus, A. M., Schilling, T. and Monaghan, G. W. (2013) The timing of Angel Mounds palisade construction a search for the best chronological model. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 38(2), pp. 171-182. (doi:10.1179/mca.2013.006)

Marshall, J. M. and Krus, A. M. (2013) Estimation of WPA artifact collection bias in the East Village at Angel Mounds. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 38(2), pp. 183-188. (doi:10.1179/mca.2013.007)

Monaghan, G. W., Schilling, T., Krus, A. M. and Peebles, C. S. (2013) Mound construction chronology at Angel Mounds episodic mound construction and ceremonial events. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 38(2), pp. 155-170. (doi:10.1179/mca.2013.005)

Baumann, T. E., Monaghan, G. W., Peebles, C., Marshall, C., Krus, A. and Marshall, J. (2011) The legacy of Lilly, Black, and the WPA at Angel Mounds near Evansville, Indiana. SAA Archaeological Record, 11(5), pp. 34-38.

Krus, A. M. (2011) Bridging history and prehistory: the possible antiquity of a Native American ballgame. Native South, 4, pp. 136-145. (doi:10.1353/nso.2011.0004)

Krus, A. M. (2011) Refortifying Cahokia, more efficient palisade construction through redesigned bastions. Midcontinental Journal of Archaeology, 36(2), pp. 227-244. (doi:10.1179/mca.2011.011)

Book Reviews

Krus, A. (2011) Review of: Cultural Resource Archaeology. Southeastern Archaeology, 30(1), pp. 191-192. [Book Review]

Krus, A. (2010) Review of: Mapping the Mississippian Shatter Zone: The Colonial Indian Slave Trade and Regional Instability in the American South. American Antiquity, 75(3), pp. 701-702. [Book Review]

Research Reports or Papers

Peebles, C., Monaghan, G.W., Baumann, T. and Krus, A.M. (2011) Excavations at the Angel Site, 12 VG 1: 2005-2010. Project Report. Glenn A. Black Laboratory of Archaeology, Bloomington, IN.

This list was generated on Tue Dec 12 12:35:26 2017 GMT.