Dr Pauline Gulliver

Dr Pauline Gulliver

 Role: Postdoctoral Researcher NRCF (East Kilbride)

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Contact details:

Email: pauline.gulliver@glasgow.ac.uk

Tel: +44 (0)1355 270030 (direct dial) +44(0)1355 223332 (Reception)

Research interests

  • Environmental Pollution
  • Freshwater environments (DOC/DIC/Dissolved Gases)
  • Methane emissions
  • Coastal/estuarine environments

Biography

My role involves supporting the UK environmental science community in projects where radiocarbon analyses are used either as a tracer of environmental processes or to build chronologies. My particular areas of expertise lie in the uses of radiocarbon within gas (CO2 and methane), and waters (Dissolved Organic and Inorganic, plus particulate C), to track and trace C sources in natural and polluted systems. I develop new methods in these fields, for example, the ability to analyse 2H, 13C and 14C of methane from a single sample. Along with this, I use material such as carbonates (e.g. shell) from coastal and estuarine environments to collaborate with researchers studying factors such as sea-level rise, and how corals respond to global climate change. This is highly collaborative, and I support projects from Facility users in a very wide range of geographical locations around the world, from sample collection to data interpretation and publication.     

I am always interested in new collaborations and in developing new approaches to radiocarbon analysis for the UK and international community. I am also very happy to hear from potential students and colleagues who would like to ask about these areas.  

Selected Publications

Garnett MH, Billett MF, Gulliver P, Dean JF. A new field approach for the collection of samples for aquatic (CO2)-C-14 analysis using headspace equilibration and molecular sieve traps: the super headspace method. Ecohydrology. 2016;9(8):1630-8.

Garnett MH, Gulliver P, Billett MF. A rapid method to collect methane from peatland streams for radiocarbon analysis. Ecohydrology. 2016;9(1):113-21.

Muir GKP, Cook GT, MacKenzie AB, MacKinnon G, Gulliver P. Anomalous C-14 Enrichments on the eastern UK coastal environment. Radiocarbon. 2015;57(3):337-45.

Bridgeman, J., Gulliver, P., Roe, J., and Baker, A. (2014). Carbon isotopic characterisation of dissolved organic matter during water treatment. Water Research 48, 119-125.

Perry, C. T., Kench, P. S., Smithers, S. G., Yamano, H., Oï¾’Leary, M., and Gulliver, P. (2013). Time scales and modes of reef lagoon infilling in the Maldives and controls on the onset of reef island formation. Geology 41, 1111-1114.

Spencer, R. G. M., Hernes, P. J., Aufdenkampe, A. K., Baker, A., Gulliver, P., Stubbins, A., Aiken, G. R., Dyda, R. Y., Butler, K. D., Mwamba, V. L., Mangangu, A. M., Wabakanghanzi, J. N., and Six, J. (2012). An Initial Investigation into the Organic Matter Biogeochemisty of the Congo River. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 84, 614-627.

Examples of current projects

Dating different carbon pools that exist in Scottish groundwater springs: Dissolved Methane, Organic and Inorganic Carbon to understand sources and turnover times.

Gelspin BlogI am collaborating with Professor Susan Waldron (University of Glasgow) using radiocarbon to determine the age of the various different carbon pools from a number of groundwater springs in Scotland. These springs are essential to the water cycle, and provide an important habitat for microbial populations and aquatic insects and plants, but relatively little is known about where the carbon that flows through these systems come from. The research has impacts not only on how we understand these systems, but how they might shift in future with changes in e.g. climate and land use. I work with Susan to collect samples during fieldwork, and coordinate the radiocarbon side of the project. By combining these results with those of others working on the system, we will be able to build a better understanding of these essential water sources.  

Positive Ion Mass Spectrometry: Supporting PIMS development in the SUERC AMS group

I am the key point of contact between AMS and NRCF groups, working for half my time in the AMS laboratory, running the accelerators, interpreting data, and optimizing the instruments (usually this involves fixing problems!). The AMS team is currently working on the exciting development of an entirely new method of measuring radiocarbon- positive ion mass spectrometry, or PIMS (see https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-44526368). As part of my role, I oversee preparation of gas samples and standards for testing and perfection of the PIMS method by AMS physicists.

Teaching

I train a large number of PhD students, visiting academics, and non-academic partners from private industry and government on radiocarbon sample collection, processing, AMS analysis and data interpretation.

Other

  • Invited speaker at the 3rd International Conference in Water Resource and Environment (WRE 2017)
  • Financial coordination of the NERC Radiocarbon Facility (Environment); overall budget >£1M annually
  • Journal reviews

Full publications list

Garnett MH, Billett MF, Gulliver P, Dean JF. A new field approach for the collection of samples for aquatic (CO2)-C-14 analysis using headspace equilibration and molecular sieve traps: the super headspace method. Ecohydrology. 2016;9(8):1630-8.

Loughlin N, Gosling WD, Coe A, Gulliver P, Montoya E. Landscape-scale drivers of glascial ecosystem change in teh montane foreste of th easter Andean flank. Palaeogeogr Palaeocl. 2018;489:198-208.

Garnett MH, Gulliver P, Billett MF. A rapid method to collect methane from peatland streams for radiocarbon analysis. Ecohydrology. 2016;9(1):113-21.

Perry CT, Kench PS, Smithers SG, Riegl BR, Gulliver P, Daniells JJ. Terrigenoug sediment-dominated reef platform infillingL and unexpected precursor to reef island formation and a test of teh reef platform size-island age model iln teh pacific. Coral Reefs. 2017;36(3):1013-21.

Shanks RP, Ascough PL, Dougans A, Gallacher P, Gulliver P, Rood DH, et al. Performance of the rebuilt SUERC single-stage accelerator mass spectrometer. Nucl Instrum Meth B. 2015;361:76-9.

Southall Dw, Wilson P, Dunlop P, Schnabel C, Rodes A, Gulliver P, et al. Age evaluation and causation of rock-slope failures along the western margin of the Antrim Lava Group (ALG), Nothern Ireland, based on cosmogenic isotope dating (36Cl) surface exposure dating. Geomorphology. 2017;285:235-46.

Garrett E, Shennan I, Woodroffe SA, Cisternas M, Hocking EP, Gulliver P. Reconstructing paleoseismic deformation, 2: 1000 years of great earthquakes at Chucalen, south central Chile. Quaternary Science Reviews. 2015;113:112-22.

Muir GKP, Cook GT, MacKenzie AB, MacKinnon G, Gulliver P. Anomalous C-14 Enrichments on the eastern UK coastal environment. Radiocarbon. 2015;57(3):337-45.

Gulliver, P., Palmer, S. E., Perry, C. T., and Smithers, S. G. 2013. Are coral clasts from a turbid near-shore reef environment a suitable material for radiocarbon analysis? Radiocarbon55 (2) pp. 624-630.

Bridgeman, J., Gulliver, P., Roe, J., and Baker, A. (2014). Carbon isotopic characterisation of dissolved organic matter during water treatment. Water Research 48, 119-125.

Reynolds, D. J., Richardson, C. A., Scourse, J. D., Butler, P. G., Wanamaker, A. D., Ridgway, I., Sayer, M. D., and Gulliver, P. (2013). The potential of the marine bivalve mollusc Glossus humanus (L.) as a sclerochronological archive. The Holocene 23, 1711-1720.

Perry, C. T., Smithers, S. G., and Gulliver, P. (2013). Rapid vertical accretion on a 'young' shore-detached turbid zone reef: Offshore Paluma Shoals, central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Coral Reefs 32, 1143-1148.

Perry, C. T., Kench, P. S., Smithers, S. G., Yamano, H., O’Leary, M., and Gulliver, P. (2013). Time scales and modes of reef lagoon infilling in the Maldives and controls on the onset of reef island formation Geology 41, 1111-1114.

Spencer, R. G. M., Hernes, P. J., Aufdenkampe, A. K., Baker, A., Gulliver, P., Stubbins, A., Aiken, G. R., Dyda, R. Y., Butler, K. D., Mwamba, V. L., Mangangu, A. M., Wabakanghanzi, J. N., and Six, J. (2012). An Initial Investigation into the Organic Matter Biogeochemisty of the Congo River. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 84, 614-627.

Perry, C. T., Smithers, S. G., Gulliver, P., and Browne, N. K. (2012). Evidence of very rapid reef accretion and reef growth under high turbidity and terrigenous sedimentation. Geology 40, 719-722.

Williams, J. J., Gosling, W. D., Coe, A. L., Brooks, S. J., and Gulliver, P. (2011). Four thousand years of environmental change and human activity in the Cochabamba Basin, Bolivia. Quaternary Research 76, 58-68.

Baker, A., Gulliver, P., Ascough, P., Roe, J., and Bridgeman, J. (2011). Assessing the effect of sterilization on the radiocarbon signature of freshwater dissolved organic carbon. Radiocarbon 53, 659-667.

Palmer, S. E., Perry, C. T., Smithers, S. G., and Gulliver, P. (2010). Internal structure and accretionary history of a nearshore, turbid-zone coral reef: Paluma Shoals, central Great Barrier Reef, Australia. Marine Geology 276, 14-29.

Gulliver, P., Waldron, S., Scott, E. M., and Bryant, C. L. (2010). The Effect of Storage on the Radiocarbon, Stable Carbon and Nitrogen Isotopic Signatures and Concentrations of Riverine DOM. Radiocarbon 52, 1113-1122.

Blyth, A. J., Asrat, A., Baker, A., Gulliver, P., Leng, M. J., and Genty, D. (2007). A new approach to detecting vegetation and land-use change using high-resolution lipid biomarker records in stalagmites. Quaternary Research 68, 314-324.

Ahad, J. M. E., Ganeshram, R. S., Spencer, R. G. M., Uher, G., Gulliver, P., and Bryant, C. (2006). Evidence for anthropogenic 14C-enrichment in estuarine waters adjacent to the North Sea. Geophysical Research Letters 33, L08608, doi:10.1029/2006GL025991.

MacKenzie, A. B., Cook, G. T., Barth, J., Gulliver, P., and McDonald, P. (2004). 14C and d13C characteristics of organic matter and carbonate in saltmarsh sediments from south west Scotland. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 6, 441-447.

Gulliver, P., Cook, G. T., Mackenzie, A. B., Naysmith, P., and Anderson, S. (2004). Sources of anthopogenic 14C to the North Sea. Radiocarbon 42, 869-875.

Cook, G. T., Mackenzie, A. B., Muir, G. K. P., Mackie, G., and Gulliver, P. (2004). Sellafield-derived anthropogenic 14C in the marine intertidal environment of the NE Irish Sea. Radiocarbon 46, 877-883.

Gulliver, P., Cook, G., MacKenzie, A., Naysmith, P., and Anderson, R. (2001). Transport of Sellafield derived 14C from the Irish Sea through the North Channel. Radiocarbon43, 869-877.