Bendable Electronics and Sensing Technologies (BEST) Group


Latest News and Tweets

BEST group invited to join the Science is Great stand at Portuguese Science Summit to showcase touch interactive hologram and affordable prosthesis.

BEST group invited to showcase touch interactive hologram and affordable prosthesis work during Queen’s Birthday Party at British Embassy, Lisbon, Portugal (18 June).

BEST group invited to showcase the touch interactive hologram at Founder’s Forum, London, UK (13 June).


3 Marie Curie Early Stage Researcher posts – INTUITIVE Project (Deadline – Dec 2019)

Our monograph ‘1-D Semiconducting Nanostructures: Growth Mechanisms and Suitability for Flexible and Large Area Electronics’ accepted for publication in Cambridge Element series on Flexible and Large Area Electronics.

Bendable Electronics and Sensing Technology (BEST) group focuses on the multidisciplinary fields, comprising: Nanostructures based Flexible Electronics (NanoFE), Energy Systems and Sensors, Assitive Robotic Technology (ART), and Biotronics. Our vision is to develop cost-effective high-performance flexible and large-area electronics and sensing systems on non-conventional substrates for wearable applications.

Nanostructures based Flexible Electronics

At BEST group, we investigate advanced materials, including semiconductor nanowires, two-dimensional materials, and stretchable electronic materials for various applications. We are exploring novel techniques involving:

  • Synthesis of semiconductor NWs on planar substrates and then transferring on flexible substrates using innovative printing methods.

  • For large area electronics, the group is exploring roll-to-roll printing of NWs. We are also using these methods to develop 3D-printed electronics and 3D-stacking of  flexible  systems.

  • We obtain ultra-thin chips by thinning Si-wafers using physical and chemical techniques down to about 10 μm. We are now advancing this area of research towards CMOS-based bendable ultra-thin tactile and chemical/bio-sensing chips.

Ultra-Thin Flexible CMOS Chips

Compact model for flexible Ion-Sensitive Field-Effect Transistor (ISFET) presented in BIOCAS Conference 2017 by Anastasios Vilouras:


Sensors and Energy Systems

Flexible electronics for sensing, data transmission, energy harvesting and storage applications are required to be robust against mechanical deformation. For this purpose, BEST group is exploring range of materials (e.g. graphene, piezoelectric polymers, nanocomposites etc.) and methods. Recently, the group has demonstrated:

  • A low-cost method for synthesis and transfer of high-quality graphene on flexible substrates  for large-area electronics. Novel and low cost method to developed a graphene based, energy-autonomous e-skin.
  • High performance, graphene sheet-based supercapacitor.
  • Novel pH sensing electrode integrated with stretchable radio-frequency-identification (RFID) antenna for wearable health monitoring applications.
Touch Sensors

A summary of our research about Energy Autonomous e-skin given by Dr. Garcia at IEEE Sensors Glasgow:

Electro-chemical Sensors

Stretchable pH sensors: A stretchable wireless system for sweat pH monitoring was developed, which is able to withstand up to 53% uniaxial strain and more than 500 cycles to 30% strain. The stretchability of the pH sensor patch is provided by a pair of serpentine-shaped stretchable interconnects. The pH sensing electrode is made of graphite-polyurethane composite, which is suitable for biosensor application. The sensing patch validated through in-depth electrochemical studies, exhibits a pH sensitivity of 11.13 ± 5.8 mV/pH with a maximum response time of 8 s. Interference study of ions and analyte (Na+, K+ and glucose) in test solutions shows negligible influence on the pH sensor performance. The pH data can be wirelessly and continuously transmitted to smartphone through a stretchable radio-frequency-identification antenna, of which the radiating performance is stable under 20% strain, as proved by vector network analyzer measurement. To evaluate the full system, the pH value of a human sweat equivalent solution has been measured and wirelessly transmitted to a custom-developed smart phone App.

Textile based pH sensors:  Potentiometric pH sensor on cloth was fabricated pH by printing method. Sensitive (thick film graphite composite) and reference electrodes (Ag/AgCl) are printed on cellulose-polyester blend cloth. The developed textile-based pH sensor works on the basis of electrochemical reaction, as observed through the potentiometric, cyclic voltammetry (100 mV/s) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (10 mHz to 1 MHz) analysis. The electrochemical double layer formation and the ionic exchanges of the sensitive electrode-pH solution interaction are observed through the electrochemical impedance spectroscopic analysis. Potentiometric analysis reveals that the fabricated textile-based sensor exhibits a sensitivity (slope factor) of 4 mV/pH with a response time of 5 s in the pH range 6–9. The presented sensor shows stable response with a potential of 47±2 mV for long time (2000 s) even after it was washed in tap water. These results indicate that the sensor can be used for wearable applications.

Flexible pH sensor: Interdigitated structure was used for the development of flexible nanostructured CuO based sensors. The sensor capacitance in the test frequency range (20 Hz–10 MHz) decreases exponentially with increase in pH. The CuO nanorectangle based sensor exhibits a sensitivity of 0.64 μF/pH in the range pH 5–8.5. The sensor performance towards interference to other ions and analytes such as Na+, K+, glucose, and urea was found to have negligible influence (±1.5 nF) on the sensing electrode. The capacitance of sensors is also found to vary with different bending conditions.

Multi-sensors for water quality monitoring: This work is aimed to investigate conductivity and temperature of a solution by using energy autonomous thick film sensors. A RuO2 based thick film electrode is fabricated for conductivity sensor and an interdigitated electrode with graphite sensitive electrode is used for temperature sensor. The operating range of 10-1000 μS/cm of the conductivity sensor shows its applicability in portable, tap and river water quality monitoring. The sensitivity of the temperature sensor in the range of 25-45°C is found to be 0.280/°C. For self-powered application, a hybrid integration of solar cell and flexible supercapacitor was successfully used. The performance of SC shows that at 0.5 rnA the SC can store an energy of 2μW/cm 2 with a power density of 0.05 mW/cm 2 , The charging of SC was carried out by using solar cell and the stored charge is used to operate conductivity and temperature sensors. In addition to this integration of pH sensors with above sensors are also carried out. 


Energy Storage Systems

Flexible supercapacitor (SC): New flexible SCs were developed by using graphene and graphite polymer composites.

Graphene foam based flexible SC: A new flexible SC was developed based on 3D graphene foam (GFSC) and Ag conductive epoxy for self poweredwearable applications. With a novel layered structure of highly conductive electrodes (graphene-Ag conductive epoxy–graphene foam), forming an electrochemical double layer, the GFSC exhibits excellent electrochemical and supercapacitive performance. At a current density of 0.67 mA cm−2, the GFSCs show excellent performance with areal capacitance (38 mF cm−2) about three times higher than the values reported for flexible carbon-based SCs. The observed energy and power densities (3.4 µW h cm−2 and 0.27 mW cm−2 respectively) are better than the values reported for carbon-based SCs. Analyzed under static and dynamic bending conditions, the GFSCs are stable with up to 68% capacitance retention after 25000 charge–discharge cycles. For self-powered application GFSC was integrated with a flexible photovoltaic cellresulting in a flexible self-charging power pack. This pack was successfully utilized to power continuously a wearable CuO nanorod based chemi-resistive pH sensor

Graphene-Graphite Polyurethane based SC: This work presents high-energy density flexible SC, showing 3 times the energy density than similar type of SCs reported in the literature. The graphene – graphite polyurethane (GPU) composite based SCs have maximum energy and power densities of 10.22 μWh/cm2 and 11.15 mW/cm2 respectively at a current density of 10 mA/cm2 and operating voltage of 2.25 V (considering the IR drop). The significant gain in the performance of SCs is due to excellent electroactive surface per unit area (surface roughness 97.6 nm) of GPU composite and high electrical conductivity (0.318 S/cm). The fabricated SCs show stable response for more than 15000 charging/discharging cycles at current densities of 10 mA/cm2 and operating voltage of 2.5 V (without considering the IR drop). The developed SCs have been tested as energy storage devices for wide applications, namely: (a) solar-powered energy-packs to operate 84 LEDs for more than a minute and to drive the actuators of a prosthetic limb; (b) powering high-torque motors; and (c) wristband for wearable sensors, shown in Figure. This workdemonstrate for the first time the performance energy autonomy of prosthetic hand by using solar powered SCs. 

Self-powered Sensors for healthcare applications: I carried out development of fully flexible self-charging power pack (FSPP) for flexible/wearable sensor system.Integration of supercapacitor with flexible solar cell and flexible chemi-resistive CuO nanorod based pH sensor.Once the FSPP is connected to the pH sensor, measured the resistance variation of flexible pH sensor as a function of different pH solutions. Prior to the pH sensor characterization, the GFSC in the FSPP is fully charged through PV cell under 1 sun illumination (3.8 mW cm−2, Isc = 26.6 mA, Voc = 4.7 V), using a voltage divider to limit the charging current and voltage up to 0.5 mA and 0.8 V, respectively. In this scenario, the GFSC can supply a potential of 0.8 V to the pH sensor even if we need < 250 mV.  The proposed sensor will be utilized for sweat monitoring applications. 


Assistive Robotics Technology

Our expertise in flexible electronics is extended towards the area of rehabilitation and assistive robotics technology. We are pursuing research in this direction by advancing materials and process innovations towards realizing smart electronic systems such as prosthesis, myoelectric band, sensory skin, haptic feedback systems, virtual and augmented reality interfaces. We are expanding the capabilities of 3D printing technology and embedding materials with inherent sensing capabilities. By exploring different materials and techniques, we are striving forward to improve the capabilities of soft robotics to viable systems of the future. Utilizing these advances enables us to advance the state-of-the-art in robotics and prosthesis.

  • A summary of our research and vision is given in Dr. Dahiya TEDxGlasgow talk:



At BEST group, we are exploring disposable biosensors and electronics for wearable electronic systems. Scaffold engineering for 3D tissue growth and differentiation, wound-healing/monitoring using bio-ferroelectric materials are the  major areas that our group is exploring. Progress has been made in the development of live-cell based electrochemical biosensors. The  group  employs smart hybrid materials as the active sensing platform for electrochemical sensing. The group also working towards the development of paper based sensors and electronics.


Research Projects

Major Current Projects: 

1. neuPRINTSKIN – EPSRC Fellowship for Growth – Neuromorphic Printable Tactile Skin
2. HETEROPRINT – EPSRC Programme Grant.
3. PH-CODING – EU Future Emerging Technology (FET) OPEN Project.
4. North West Centre for Advanced Manufacturing (NWCAM) – EU project.
5. AQUASENSE – EU Marie Curie ITN Project
6. NeuTouch – EU Marie Curie ITN Project.
7. INTUITIVE – EU Marie Curie ITN Project.
8. Printed Supercapacitors – Royal Society – SERB, India funded Newton-Bhabha Fellowship Project
9. FLEXI-G – EU Marie Curie Fellowship Project.
10. ELECTROHEALL – EU Marie Curie Fellowship Project.


Major Past Projects: 

11. BEND – EU Marie Curie Fellowship Project.

BEND studied the electrically controlled neuronal differentiation of stem cells on a soft, bendable electro conductive substrate. The aim of study was to develop scalable method for generating large number of mature, differentiated neuronal cells for the development of interfaces for implantable bioelectronics and to compensate neuronal loss in the degenerative disease or injuries.

12. Wearable Blood Pressure Monitoring Device – Newton Fellowship Project.

This project developed graphene based wearable displacement sensors or ‘pressure pixels’ for self-monitoring of heartbeat and blood pressure. The device (a smart wristband) measured the displacement caused by the periodic dilation of the over-pressured dorsal carpal branch of the radial artery (DCRA) at the wrist and transform the signal into a measurable output current.

13. PRINTSKIN – EPSRC Fellowship for Growth – Printable Tactile Skin.

PRINTSKIN developed the ultra-flexible tactile skin using an innovative methodology involving printing of high-mobility materials such as silicon on ultra-flexible substrates such as polyimide. The tactile skin has solid-state sensors (touch, temperature) and electronics printed on ultra-flexible substrates such as polyimide. This new technological platform to print tactile skin has enabled an entirely new generation of high-performance and electronics on flexible substrates. PRINTSKIN research is now being extended through neuPRINTSKIN project mentioned abover.

14. ‘FLEXELDEMO’ – Flexible Electronic Device Modelling.

Flexible electronic research has thus far focussed on exploring several materials and fabrication techniques. Whilst these are important areas, device modelling and circuit design are critical to take the research closer to manufacturing. The acceptable degree of bendability for reliable operation of devices and circuits is a question that has not been addressed so far. This is a challenging because the standard transistor models for circuit simulation programs such as SPICE do not take into account the dynamic bendability induced effects. FLEXELDEMO addressed these challenges by systematically characterizing the ultra-thin chips, identifying various parameters that change with bending, and suggesting improved BSIM models for devices over bendable substrates.

15. ‘CONTEST’– EU funded Marie Curie ITN project (Webpage –

This Innovative Training Network (ITN) trained 18 young researchers and investigated the various critical aspects related to flexible electronics to obtain an electronically-enhanced and wearable smart skin for robotic applications. The silicon and organic materials based solutions were investigated to obtain systems with the advantages of both. BEST group members explored different techniques to integrate silicon and graphene based device on flexible substrates and obtaining reliable operation.

16.FLEXSENSOTRONICS– EU Funded Marie Curie Fellowship project.

The aim of this project was to develop method for transferring Si based macro/micro/nanostructures on physically flexible substrates to develop sensitive electronic systems for wearable electronic skin applications. The challenges included processing and combining stiff and brittle device materials with soft and compliant substrates while ensuring proper electrical functionality of the devices (when they undergo mechanical deformations). The two methodologies adopted in this project are:

(a) Microstructures based approach: The micro/nanostructures such and micro/nanowires and ribbons are obtained using top-down fabrication method. These micro/nanostructures are then transferred printed onto flexible subtrates in such as way that they result in electronics devices and circuits. Some results are shown in the figures below:

(b) Ultra-thin Flex-Chip Approach: The ultra-thin and mechanically flexible silicon chips are obtained by thinning down the conventional wafers and the transferring the these chips to flexible substrates. This Flex-Chip approach is complimentary to the micro/nanostructures based approach. Some results are shown in the figures below:

17. POSFET Tactile Sensing Arrays

The goal of this project was to develop POSFET (Piezoelectric Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor) tactile sensing arrays using piezoelectric polymers and MOS transistor. A reliable fabrication process, including the deposition, patterning and poling of piezoelectric polymer films on a silicon chip, was developed for fabricating the high resolution tactile sensing arrays. The POSFET research has now advanced towards tactile sensing system on-chip – with tactile sensing arrays and on-chip basic electronics. Some results are shown in the figures below:

18. Italian MIUR PRIN-2007 Project

The aim of this project was to develop POSFET touch sensing devices based tactile sensing system including interface electronics for the humanoid robot ‘i-cub‘.

19. ROBOSKIN – EU funded Project.

ROBOSKIN developed new sensor technologies to provide tactile feedback
from large areas of a robot’s body and demonstrated a range of new robot capabilities based on robot skin tactile feedback.

20. RobotCub – EU Funded Project (Webpage –


Group Leader
Prof. Ravinder Dahiya
Postdoctoral Researchers

Dr. Dhayalan


Dr. Libu


Dr. Ensieh

Seyed Hosseini

Dr. Pullanchiyodan


‌‌  ‌    

Dr. Prakash


Dr. Mahesh


Dr. Mitradip


Dr. Saoirse


Dr. William Taube


Dr. Oliver Okwudili


Dr. Nivasan


 Dr. Yogeenth


Doctoral Students






















Fantinelli Franco



Project Students

João Neto


Shengyong Yu 

Raghul Babu 

Vidhi Mehta

 Cheng Yang

Duo Wang

Yi Zhou 

 Fida Muhammad

 Tao Zeng

Lu Junpeng 

Thomas Kelly 

Szabolcs Magyari

Elena Bichir

Feilong Zheng




August 2019

July 2019

June 2019

May 2019

April 2019

  • BEST group welcomes two new members – Saoirse Dervin and Lisa-Marie Faller.
  • BEST group welcomes new member – Fabiane Franco.

February 2019

January 2019

December 2018

  • BEST group welcomes Dr. Mahesh Soni, who has joined the group as post-doc.
  • BEST group‘s flexible super-capacitor work wins Elektra Award 2018 in the University Research Award Category.
  • Our ICURe (Innovation to Commercialisation) project gets funding from InnovateUK.
  • BEST group‘s entry to Converge challenge shortlisted for 2019 Kick-Start Challenge.

November 2018

  • BEST group receives Newton-Bhabha funding from British Council to host a researcher from IIT Roorkee, India.
  • Congratulations to William for successfully defending his PhD thesis (with minor corrections).
  • BEST group receives Newton-Bhabha funding from British Council to host a researcher from IIT Roorkee, India.
  • Congratulations to Shoubhik and Wenting for successfully defending their PhD thesis (with minor corrections).
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in NPJ Flexible Electronics.
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology – Animal.
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for oral presentation at InnoLAE 2019, Cambridge, UK.

October 2018

September 2018

  • Our FET OPEN project focussing on neuroscience based e-skin gets funding from European Commission.
  • BEST group receives funding from The Royal Society to host a Newton Fellow.

August 2018

July 2018

  • Our proposal for Special Issue on E-skin: From Humanoids to Humans accepted by the Proceedings of the IEEE.
  • BEST group‘s e-skin research in Spanish, featured on Mexican TV FOROtv.
  • BEST group hosts Prof. Takao Someya (from University of Tokyo) who presented state-of-art Electronic Skin and Strechable electronics for the next generation of health-monitoring systems directly integrated on a human skin.


  • Our monograph ‘Integration Techniques for Micro/Nanostructures Based Large-area Electronics’ accepted for publication as part of Cambridge Univ. Press’s element series on Flexible and Large Area Electronics.
  • BEST group announces 4 new Post-Doc positions starting as soon as possible.

June 2018

May 2018

April 2018

March 2018

February 2018

January 2018

December 2017

  • Fatemeh Nikbakht, and Guanbo Min join the BEST group as PhD students.
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives plenary lecture at IEEE ICECS, Batumi, Georgia
  • Habib Nassar from BEST group was at Duncanrig High School, East Kilbride to demonstrate different types of touch technologies under Ingenious Engineer initiative.

November 2017

  • Prof. Dahiya presents e-skin and wearbales for robonauts and astronauts in space at Young Professionals in Space, Bangalore, INDIA
  • Prof. Dahiya giving IEEE DL talk at Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, India
  • Prof. Dahiya presents e-skin research at INCmty 2017, Entrepreneurship summit Monterrey, Mexico
  • Prof. Dahiya presents e-skin research at Franco–Scottish Seminar: Robotics, The Royal Society of Edinburgh
  • Shoubhik Gupta from BEST group was at Millburn Academy, Inverness to demonstrate touch sensing technologies to high school students under Ingenious Engineer initiative.
  • Congratulations to MSc students of BEST group for their well deserved success and best wishes for their future goals.
  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in Mechatronics.
  • Paper from BEST group titled "Ultra-Thin Chips for High-Performance Flexible Electronics" accepted for publication in Nature NPJ Flexible Electronics.
  • 1 paper from BEST group accepted for presentation in BIOCAS 2017 Conference, Turin, Italy.
  • BEST group is hosting Prof.Giorgio Metta from Instituto Italiano di Technologia for talk titled "From ICub to R1".

October 2017

  • Prof. Dahiya invited to give Plenary talk at IEEE ICECS, Batumi, Georgia.
  • Our SFC – Global Challenge Research project gets funded.
  • BEST group to work with several industry partners in the new EU funded project on Advanced Manufacturing.
  • Two papers from BEST group shortlisted for IEEE Sensors 2017 student awards.
  • Several papers from BEST group are presented in IEEE Sensors Conference 2017 at SEC Glasgow.
  • Public engagement initiative highlighting scientific heritage through posters at all Glasgow subway stations goes live, with hugely exciting initial response. About 600K people will use Glasgow subway during the display period (23 Oct – 5 Nov).
  • BEST group poster appears in Glasgow's subway showcasing our Science Heritage ()
  • Clara Smith, Markellos Ntagios and Habib Nassar join the BEST group as PhD students.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives invited talk in e-skin at Human Brain Project (HBP) Summit.
  • BEST group is hosting IEEE Fellow Prof. Siegfried Bauer from Johannes Kepler Universität Linz for Guest Lecture in "Dielectrics in Soft Devices".

September 2017

  • BEST group‘s e-skin research discussed in Horizon – The EU Research and Innovation Magazine.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives invited talk at Nanoinnovations, Rome, Italy.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives Keynote lecture at IEEE NGCAS, Genoa, Italy.
  • BEST group is showcasing our exciting work on e-skin at Explorathon 2017.
  • Prof. Dahiya gives invited talk at ARM Summit ().
  • BEST group members presenting their MSc research works at the School of Engineering during a poster presentation session hosted at University of Glasgow.

August 2017

  • Paper from BEST group accepted for publication in Frontiers in Neuroscience.
  • Multiple papers from BEST group have been accepted as oral/poster presentations in next IEEE Sensors Conference (Glasgow, 2017). 

July 2017

June 2017

May 2017

  • 2 papers from BEST group accepted for presentation in ECCTD 2017, Catania, ITALY.
  • New patent application on ‘Prosthetics with Embedded Touch’ submitted from BEST group.
  • BEST group participates in Scottish Research Partnership in Engineering conference in Advanced Forming Research Centre (AFRC).
  • BEST group participates in the event: "Meet the Expert", organized at Glasgow Science Centre.

April 2017

March 2017

February 2017


  • SFC – Global Challenge project led by Dr. Dahiya gets funded.

January 2017:


Bendable Electronics and Sensing Technologies (BEST) group laboratory is equipped with tools needed for design, fabrication and characterization of flexible and stretcahble electronics, including:

Major Facilities


BEST Group Electronics Lab



Fume Hoods

(Lamination and Extraction Flow)



High Temperature Furnaces





3D Printing



DI water system (15 MΩ cm)




Electrical Characterization Tool

(multimeters, oscilloscope, wave generator, LCR meter, etc)


Hot plates



Dynamic Pressing Systems






Electro-chemical Characteriation Tools






3 and 4 points Bending System



Ultrasound bath and probe





Faraday Cage

(Microscope, Four Micrometric Probe Station)



Soldering and Mechanical Areas


Contact-printing Setup


‌Optical Microscopy



Dip-coating Setup



Screen-Stencil Printer Mod C920 Aurel Automation SpA



Viscometer Cole-Parmer



Nanofiber Electrospinning Unit



Super Inkjet Printer



‌Universal Robot UR5



 Other Tools





High-resolution 3D Printer


BEST Group also has access to the following facilities at the University of Glasgow:

  • James Watt Nanofabrication Centre (JWNC), which is one of the finest nanofabrication facilities in the world, having state-of-the-art micro/nanofabrication and metrology equipment.
  • Electronics Systems Design Centre, which provides resources and facilities for high-end electronic, microsystem, radiofrequency, microwave, terahertz, optical and biomedical system design, research and development.

For more information please visit our Youtube channel.






We are looking for outstanding PhDs/Post-Docs interested in the field of flexible/bendable and printable electronics, e-skin, soft robotics and sensing. If you want to join BEST group, then send to Prof. Ravinder Dahiya your latest CV with 2 most recent papers.

Some of the PhD/Post-Doc positions currently available are related to following project:


Some more PhD positions currently available are:


Fellowship Opportunities

Prof. Ravinder Dahiya has been successful in supporting a large number of strong candidates for Fellowships, including Marie Curie fellowships and Newton Fellowship. His commitment towards nurturing future research leaders is reflected by that fact that he was the finalist in the ‘Nurturing Research Talents’ category of 2014 Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions awards. Information about the various fellowships, the application procedure and closing dates, can be found via following links:

Please contact Prof. Ravinder Dahiya if you wish to apply for any of the Research Fellowships.


Available B.Eng, M.Eng and M.Sc projects:

Students from universities who are interested in one of the projects listed below, please contact Dr. Dahiya by email, phone or in person. It is sometimes possible to have two students working on the same project. Please discuss the formalities and other informal discussion with BEST group members at room number 461, James Watt South Building.

  • Smart Multi-sensor Electronic Glove for Sensitive Artificial Prosthetic/Robotic Hand
  • Polycrystalline Si-nanowires as efficient thermoelectric materials
  • Ultra-Thin Flexible CMOS Magnetic Sensors for Wearable Applications
  • Analog Sensor Interfaces for Biomedical Applications
  • Low-Power Ultra-Low Offset Op-Amp
  • Ultra-low power Capacitive-to-Digital Converter (CDC)
  • Low-Power Piezoelectronic Transistors (PET)
  • Ultra-low power SAR ADC
  • 3D Bendable Magnetic Hall Sensor Flexible Electronics Application
  • Gesture controlled prosthetics/robotics
  • Modelling and Simulation of Silicon Nanowires based Neural Logics and Circuits
  • Silicon nanowires fabrication towards flexible electronics application
  • Atomistic Modelling and Simulation of Silicon Nanowires
  • Si-nanowire based flexible photo-sensors array/solar cells