Ho Wang Mak

h.mak.1@research.gla.ac.uk

Research title: Sovereign Debt Regulation: Towards a Unified International Law

Research Summary

Charles Ho Wang Mak is a PhD Candidate in international law and a Graduate Teaching Assistant at the University of Glasgow, a Fellow of the Centre for Chinese and Comparative Law at the City University of Hong Kong, an Honorary Fellow of the Asian Institute of International Financial Law at the University of Hong Kong, and a Research Affiliate at SovereigNET, The Fletcher School, Tufts University. His research concentrates on sovereign debt restructuring and dispute resolution.

Charles has studied law at the University of Sussex in England (LL.B. (Hons.)), The Chinese University of Hong Kong (LL.M. in International Economic Law), and the City University of Hong Kong (LL.M.Arb.D.R.(with Credit)). He is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (FCIArb), the Hong Kong Institute of Arbitrators (FHKIArb), the Arbitrators and Mediators Institute of New Zealand (FAMINZ (Arb/Med)), and the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (FRAS). He is also a pioneer member of the Asian Institute of Alternative Dispute Resolution (MAIADR). He earned accreditation as a tribunal secretary at the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre. In 2019, he was admitted as the first member of the Australian Centre for International Commercial Arbitration Tribunal Secretary Panel from both Hong Kong and Mainland China. He is available to be appointed as a tribunal secretary for international arbitrations.

Publications

Articles:

C S SHANG, W GUO, and C H W MAK ‘Two Paths Leading to the Same End? A Discussion of Development and Regulation of Online Mediation under the Covid-19 in the People’s Republic of China and the United States’ (2020) 13 (1) World Arbitration and Mediation Review 101

C H W MAK, ‘Drafting Dispute Resolution Clauses- Four Main Guiding Principles that Drafters Should Observe’ (2018) 31 Young Arbitration Review 50

C H W MAK, ‘Assessing the Usefulness of the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision’ (2017) 10 Hong Kong Student Law Gazette 31

C H W MAK, ‘Commercial Agents (Council Directive) Regulations 1993: English and Scottish Commercial Courts Interpretation of the Law Reflects Reality’ (2017) 4 (2) Journal of Science, Humanities and Arts 1

C H W MAK, ‘CEPA- the Regional Free Trade Agreement That Further Integrated and Strengthened the Legal Services Markets between the Mainland and Hong Kong’ (2017) 4 (3) International Journal of Law and Legal Jurisprudence Studies 39

C H W MAK, ‘How Far Does the English Legal System Go to Address the Issue of Gender Equality?’ (2016) (2) NILS Law Review 92

 

Blog Posts:

C H W MAK and I J Chen ‘Regulatory Challenges Arising from Sovereign Wealth Funds and National Security: Exacerbate Great Power Competition between China and the United States?’ (2020) EFILA Blog [Blog post]

C H W MAK, ‘The Role of Macao as a Dispute Resolution Hub in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Bay Area’ (2020) Investment and Commercial Arbitration Review [Blog post]

C H W MAK and K ZARIOU ‘Should Mediators Be Obliged to Insure Their Civil Liability?’ (2020) The Contemporary Law Forum [Blog post]

C H W MAK and C S SHANG, ‘The Second Mediator? The Role of Mediator’s Assistant’ (2020) Mediate.com [Blog post]

C H W MAK, ‘Cultivating Psychology in Int. Legal Education - Should Psychology Be Included in the Syllabus’ (2020) CUHK Learning Matters Blog [Blog post]

 

Books:

C H W MAK and K C M Mak, Essays on International Corporate Law and Financial Market Regulation (Lambert Academic Publishing 2018)

 

Book Chapters:

C H W MAK, ‘Two Paths to the Same End? A Discussion of the Future of Hong Kong and Macau as the International Legal and Dispute Resolution Service Hubs’ in Bryan Clark, Ashu Dhiman, Amanda J. Lee, and W. Patrick McPhilamy, III (eds), A Pathway to the Future of ADR: Comparative Perspectives from Around the World (MediateGuru, 2021)

 

Book Reviews:

C H W MAK, ‘Environmental Mediation: An International Survey, Edited Catherine Choquette and Véronique Fraser’ (2020) Asian Journal on Mediation 103 [Review]

C H W MAK, ‘Europe's Crisis of Legitimacy: Governing by Rules and Ruling by Numbers in the Eurozone by Vivien A. Schmidt’ (2020) 36 (1) Journal of International Banking Law and Regulation 42 [Review]

C H W MAK, ‘China-European Union Investment Relationships: Towards a New Leadership in Global Investment Governance, Edited by Julien Chaisse’ (2020) 10 (2) Asian Journal of International Law 413 [Review]

C H W MAK, ‘China's International Investment Strategy, Edited by Julien Chaisse’ (2020) 6(2) China and WTO Review 223 [Review]

C H W MAK, ‘The Law of Cross-Border Business Transactions: Principles, Concepts, Skills, by Lutz- Christian Wolff’ (2017) 27 (4) The Law and Politics Book Review 57 [Review]

 

Professional Publications:

C H W MAK, ‘Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC)’ (2020) Jus Mundi [Wiki Notes]

C H W MAK, ‘Moscow Chamber of Commerce and Industry (MCCI)’ (2020) Jus Mundi [Wiki Notes]

C H W Mak, ‘Hong Kong Competition Ordinance- Potential Reform〈《競爭條例》在港實施一週年:潛在改善〉’ (2017 Mingpao-Pentoy [Column]

 

Seminars:

C H W Mak, ‘The Development and Regulation of Online Mediation in China and the United States under the COVID-19 Pandemic’ (2020) Centre for Chinese and Comparative Law Online Academic Seminar [Seminar]

 

Grants

R.E.A.L. - Racial Equality for Arbitration Lawyers Scholarship- 2021

Peking University School of Transnational Law and Institute of European Studies – Pearl River Delta Academy of International Trade and Investment Law (PRAIA Scholarship)- 2018

Conference

C H W MAK, ‘Sovereign Debt Restructuring in China during the COVID-19 Pandemic and the Post COVID-19 Era’ (2021) Conference paper presented at the 2021 ILA-ASIL Asia-Pacific Research Forum, Singapore, Singapore Management University

C H W MAK, ‘The Future of Sovereign Debt Restructuring Under the Contemporary Contractual Approach’ (2021) Conference paper presented at the Lancaster University Law Conference 2021, Lancaster, University of Lancaster

C H W MAK, ‘Sovereign Debt Restructuring During the COVID-19 Pandemic and the Post-COVID-19 Era’ (2021) Conference paper presented at the 10th Annual Cambridge International Law Conference, Cambridge, University of Cambridge

C H W MAK, ‘Sovereign Debt Market- A Post-COVID-19 Perspective’ (2020) Conference paper presented at the 12th Annual Critical Finance Studies Conference, Goldsmiths, University of London

C H W MAK, ‘Sovereign Debt Restructuring- A Perspective from China After COVID-19’ (2020) Conference paper presented at the 2020 CIBEL Global Network Conference, UNSW Law

C H W MAK, ‘Cultivating Psychology in International Legal Education - Should Psychology Be Included in the Syllabus?’ (2020) Conference paper presented at the ‘Directions in Legal Education 2020’ Online Conference on Teaching and Learning Law, CUHK Law Faculty

C H W MAK, ‘Sovereign Debt Regulation: Towards a Unified International Legal Regime? - The Rise of Arbitration in Sovereign Debt Restructuring’ (2020) Conference paper presented at the 9th PEPA/SIEL Annual Conference 

C H W MAK, ‘The Rise of Sovereign Wealth Funds: Can States Control Entities Claim the Same Rights as any other Private Investors?’ (2018) Conference paper presented at The 2018 Hong Kong Law Research Postgraduate Symposium, CUHK Law Faculty

Teaching

 

Graduate Teaching Assistant at the School of Law, University of Glasgow

May 2021 – Present

  • Tutoring for Common Law System and Method (LAW1028).
  • Marking and grading for International Commercial Arbitration (LAW5194) examination papers.

 

Additional Information

ACADEMIC EXPERIENCE

Research Assistant at the School of Social & Political Sciences, University of Glasgow

Sep 2021 – Present

  • UK Research and InnovationI/Medical Research Council and the National Institute for Health Research Project: COVID-19: Understanding Chinese government containment measures and their societal impacts.

Research Affiliate at SovereigNet, The Fletcher School, Tufts University

Mar 2021 – Present

  • Sovereignet is a reputable network on State Capitalism and Global Capital flows at the Tuft Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy in the United States.

Arbitrator for the Vis East International Commercial Arbitration Moot

Mar 2021 – Mar 2021

  • Served as an Arbitrator for the 18th Willem C. Vis East International Commercial Arbitration Moot between 14th to 21st March 2021.

Honorary Fellow at the Asian Institute of International Financial Law, University of Hong Kong

Feb 2021 – Present

  • Asian Institute of International Financial Law is a research centre focusing on international corporate and financial law, compliance and financial technology.

Fellow at the Centre for Chinese and Comparative Law, City University of Hong Kong

Dec 2020 – Present

  • CCCL is an interdisciplinary research institute dedicated to the study of legal and policy issues in Chinese law from comparative perspectives.

Visiting Researcher at the Centre for Chinese and Comparative Law, City University of Hong Kong

Nov 2020 – Dec 2020

  • Delivered a seminar titled: ‘The Development and Regulation of Online Mediation in China and the United States under the COVID-19 Pandemic’.

Contributor of Investment Claims at Oxford University Press (OUP)

Aug 2020 – Present

  • Investment Claims is an acclaimed service for both practitioners and academic user working in international arbitration. Carrying out extensive research and legal analysis of recent international investment law authorities and authoring headnotes that are published in the Reports on International Investment Claims.

Research Assistant (Asia-Pacific Interest Group) of the American Society of International Law

  June 2020 – Present

  • Work as a research assistant for the ASIL Asia-Pacific Newsletter Team, conducting research on all developments in my assigned region (i.e. Hong Kong and Singapore) 

Reviewer of the Legal Issues Journal   

Apr 2020 – Present

  • Legal Issues Journal publishes original research on all legal matters affecting justice, equality and other pressing issues for societies. The Journal publishes original papers, case comments, short reports, debates and book reviews. The Journal also provides important news and interpretation on changes in the legal world and coming trends affecting law, lawyers, and society. 

Convener of International Law Working Group at University of Glasgow

Mar 2020 – Present

  • The International Law Working Group is a forum for University of Glasgow researchers to better inform themselves on key developments in the area of international law. Throughout the year, researchers convene a range of activities to reflect their research interests as well as the current developments in international law.

EDITORSHIP

Managing Editor of the King's Student Law Review

Mar 2021 – Present

  • King’s Student Law Review (KSLR) is an independent, online peer-reviewed academic publication (ISSN 2632 – 8186). The KSLR seeks to publish high quality legal scholarship written by law students at King’s and other leading law schools across the globe.

Editor of the Yearbook on International Investment Law and Policy (2020 Edition)

Mar 2021 – Sep 2021

  • The Yearbook on International Investment Law and Policy is an annual publication published by OUP in association with the Columbia Centre on Sustainable Investment. The book is the only annual publication to provide an overview of current developments in the global international investment law and policy field. 

Managing Editor of the KSLR Forum at the King's Student Law Review

Sep 2020 – Mar 2021

  • The KSLR Forum focuses on analysing timely legal issues. Through the Forum, KSLR seeks to facilitate a platform for student response to current legal debates.

Senior Editor of King's Student Law Review

June 2020 – Sep 2020

  • The King's Student Law Review is a peer-reviewed academic publication based at the Dickson Poon School of Law, King's College London.

Editor of the Yearbook on International Investment Law and Policy (2019 Edition)

Mar 2020 – Sep 2020

  • The Yearbook on International Investment Law and Policy is an annual publication published by OUP in association with the Columbia Centre on Sustainable Investment. The book is the only annual publication to provide an overview of current developments in the global international investment law and policy field. 

PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

Member of the Executive Secretariat of the Asia Pacific FDI Network

Jan 2021 – Present

  • The Asia-Pacific FDI Network is a dynamic network of researchers, scholars, and practitioners in the field of foreign direct investment (FDI). The Network receives contributions from experts and practitioners in various disciplines including law, economics, business studies, history, political science, management, geography.

Member of the Global Advisory Board of the MediateGuru

Jan 2021 – Present

  • MediateGuru is a social initiative led by members across the globe. The aim of the organization is to bridge the gap between general public and litigation.

Committee Member of the Membership Development Committee at the Asian Institute of Alternative Dispute Resolution

Dec 2020 – Present

  • Develop and maintain policies, regulations, rules, standard operating procedures, and guidelines as necessary to manage and supervise the functions of the Institute with respect to its membership.

Steering Committee Member for the Campaign for Greener Arbitrations: The Green Pledge

Oct 2020 – Present

  • The Campaign for Greener Arbitrations seeks to raise awareness of the significant carbon footprint of the arbitration community. The Campaign works with all relevant players to promote best practice in managing arbitrations in a sustainable way.

Ambassador of Arbitrator Intelligence

Sep 2020 – Present

  • Promoting transparency, fairness, and accountability in the selection of international arbitrators by increasing and equalizing access to critical information about arbitrators and their decision making.

Mentee for the Young ITA (Institute for Transnational Arbitration) Mentorship Programme

Sep 2020 – Sep 2021

  • A valuable opportunity to work closely with preeminent practitioners in the field and forge lasting relationships.

DISPUTE RESOLUTION EXPERIENCE

Adjudicator of the Obscene Articles Tribunal, Judiciary of Hong Kong

Aug 2019 – Aug 2022

  • Appointed by the Chief Magistrate of the Hong Kong Judiciary, I am serving as a member of the panel of adjudicators of the Obscene Articles Tribunal from 13 August 2019 to 13 August 2022.
  • Classifies articles submitted to the Tribunal and hears reviews or reconsiders a classification with the Presiding Magistrate in full public hearings.

Member of the ACICA Tribunal Secretary Panel of the Australian Centre for International Commercial

Arbitration (ACICA)

Mar 2018 – Mar 2022

  • The first member of the ACICA Tribunal Secretary Panel from Hong Kong and China.