Referencing is an important part of academic writing. It allows you to acknowledge the ideas or words of others if you use them in your work and helps you to avoid plagiarism.
Referencing demonstrates that you've read relevant background literature for your research and allows you to provide authority for statements you make in your work.
Each piece of assessed work you submit should include accurate references. Your first step should be to find out which referencing style is used for your course. Consult your course handbook or moodle or ask your tutor. Once you know which referencing style you should use, there is a set of rules you must follow to create your references. It is important to follow these rules, and you must be consistent through your work.
These rules will be fully set out in a style guide/publication. For some of these, there is an online guide. For others, use the search box on the Library homepage to find style guides in the Library.
|MLA||Referencing Guide: MLA|
|Vancouver (numbered)||Referencing Guide: Vancouver|
The Library also has a number of general books on referencing which will include details of the most commonly used styles:
- The complete guide to referencing and avoiding plagiarism Colin Neville Open University Press 2010 2nd ed. Library Level 9 Annexe (Gen Lit C300.F56 NEV2)
- Cite right: a quick guide to citation styles--MLA, APA, Chicago, the sciences, professions, and more / Charles Lipson University of Chicago Press 2011 2nd ed. Level 9 Annexe (Gen Lit C300.F56 LIP)
- Cite them right: the essential referencing guide / Richard Pears, Graham Shields Palgrave Macmillan 2010 8th ed. Library Level 8 Annexe (Gen Lit C300.F56 PEA)
Using software such as EndNote Online is a good way of keeping track of your reading, and creating references and bibliographies. The University provides access to EndNote and EndNote Online - see Using EndNote and EndNote Online for more information.
Do you need help?
Student Learning Services offer workshops on academic writing, including referencing and citation styles.
Contact your College Librarian for help on the particular style for your subject.