The degree of Doctor of Philosophy is awarded to a student whose thesis is an original work making a significant contribution to knowledge in, or understanding of, a field of study and normally containing material worthy of publication. The thesis should demonstrate that the student has adequate knowledge of the field of study and the relevant literature and should show the exercise of critical judgement. The literary presentation should be lucid and scholarly and there should be a satisfactory abstract. The minimum period of full-time study is three years and the thesis is normally 70,000-100,000 words, including references, bibliography and appendices.
For any research degree, the research work must be communicated coherently in a thesis presented in a critical and orderly way and, where appropriate, must show evidence of appropriate analysis and discussion of results.